Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 17 de 17
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Molecules ; 25(9)2020 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32354044

RESUMO

Complexes [(dpp-BIAN)0CoIII2]·MeCN (I) and [(Py)2CoI2] (II) were synthesized by the reaction between cobalt(II) iodide and 1,2-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenylimino)acenaphthene (dpp-BIAN) or pyridine (Py), respectively. The molecular structures of the complexes were determined by X-ray diffraction. The Co(II) ions in both compounds are in a distorted tetrahedral environment (CoN2I2). The electrochemical behavior of complex I was studied by cyclic voltammetry. Magnetochemical measurements revealed that when an external magnetic field is applied, both compounds exhibit the properties of field-induced single ion magnets.

2.
Molecules ; 24(24)2019 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31847326

RESUMO

Vanadium(IV) complexes are actively studied as potential candidates for molecular spin qubits operating at room temperatures. They have longer electron spin decoherence times than many other transition ions, being the key property for applications in quantum information processing. In most cases reported to date, the molecular complexes were optimized through the design for this purpose. In this work, we investigate the relaxation properties of vanadium(IV) ions incorporated in complexes with lanthanides using electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR). In all cases, the VO6 moieties with no nuclear spins in the first coordination sphere are addressed. We develop and implement the approaches for facile diagnostics of relaxation characteristics in individual VO6 moieties of such compounds. Remarkably, the estimated relaxation times are found to be close to those of other vanadium-based qubits obtained previously. In the future, a synergistic combination of qubit-friendly properties of vanadium ions with single-molecule magnetism and luminescence of lanthanides can be pursued to realize new functionalities of such materials.


Assuntos
Complexos de Coordenação/química , Espectroscopia de Ressonância de Spin Eletrônica , Elementos da Série dos Lantanídeos/química , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Vanádio/química , Algoritmos , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Hidrogênio , Modelos Teóricos , Conformação Molecular , Transição de Fase
3.
ACS Omega ; 4(1): 203-213, 2019 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31459324

RESUMO

Interaction of a tripyridine ligand bearing a 2,6-di-tert-butylphenolic fragment (L, 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-(3,5-bis(4-pyridyl)pyridyl)phenol) with CoII pivalate or chloride led to the formation of one-dimensional coordination polymers [Co(L)Cl2] n ·nEtOH (1) and [Co3(L)2(OH)(Piv)5] n (2) or a trinuclear complex Co3(H2O)4(L)2Cl6 (3) (Piv- = pivalate). Chemical oxidation of L and 1-3 by PbO2 or K3[Fe(CN)6], as well as exposure of L (in solution or solid state) and 2 (in solid state) to UV irradiation, led to the formation of free radicals with g = 2.0024, which probably originated because of oxidation of 2,6-di-tert-butylphenolic groups. These radicals were stable for several days in solutions and more than 1 month in solid samples. Irradiation and oxidation of the solid samples probably caused formation of the phenoxyl radical only on their surface. It was shown by density functional theory calculations that exchange coupling between the unpaired electron of the phenoxyl radical and CoII ions was negligibly weak and could not affect the electron paramagnetic resonance signal of the radical, as well as exchange coupling of CoII ions could not be transmitted by L. The latter conclusion was confirmed by the analysis of magnetic properties of 1: temperature dependency of magnetic susceptibility (χM) of 1 could be simulated by a simple model for isolated CoII ions.

4.
Dalton Trans ; 48(11): 3676-3686, 2019 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30801086

RESUMO

Rational synthesis of a series of new heterometallic MOFs was carried out by the judicious choice of the corresponding pivalate complexes [Li2M2(piv)6(py)2] (M = Zn2+, Co2+, piv- = pivalate anion and py = pyridine) as a source of secondary building units, {LiM(O2CR)3} and an organic tricarboxylate linker as a node defining the dimensionality of the framework by the orientation of the carboxylic group in or out of the central aromatic ring plane. Thus the trimesate (btc3-) linker results in 3D srs topology frameworks with intersecting systems or isolated channels, and 1,3,5-benzenetribenzoate (btb3-) results in layered hcb isostructural compounds additionally stabilized with H-π interactions between the layers. The layered compounds demonstrate a permanent porosity with a BET surface area of up to 688 m2·g-1 with the possibility of selective gas adsorption (CO2 over N2 and CH4). Zn-Based coordination polymers show notable color changes and drastic (up to 30 times) quenching of luminescence upon inclusion of different nitroaromatics.

5.
Dalton Trans ; 47(47): 17127-17133, 2018 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30467566

RESUMO

3,5-di-tert-Butylcatecholate (DTBC) germanium complexes (DTBC)2Ge[Py(CN)n]2 (n = 0…2) have been synthesized from GeO2, 3,5-di-tert-butylcatechol and cyano-substituted pyridines Py(CN)n and characterized by elemental analysis, NMR, IR and UV-VIS spectroscopy. The structure of 1 (with 4-cyanopyridine) has been determined by X-ray single crystal analysis. UV-VIS spectra have shown that these complexes are stable in CH3CN, toluene and CH2Cl2 solutions; in contrast, they are rapidly decomposed by dimethylformamide and tetrahydrofuran. Complexes 1 and 2 (with 4-cyano and 3-cyanopyridine) are electrochemically reducible in toluene/1 M Bu4NPF6 at E = -1.3…-1.7 V vs. AgCl. The quantum-chemical study of these complexes is in accordance with the unsuccessful attempts to obtain analogous derivatives with 2-cyanopyridine and 2,6-dicyanopyridine.

6.
Chem Asian J ; 2018 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29799672

RESUMO

The reaction of lanthanide(III) nitrates with 4-(pyridin-2-yl)methyleneamino-1,2,4-triazole (L) was studied. The compounds [Ln(NO3 )3 (H2 O)3 ]⋅2 L, in which Ln=Eu (1), Gd (2), Tb (3), or Dy (4), obtained in a mixture of MeCN/EtOH have the same structure, as shown by XRD. In the crystals of these compounds, the mononuclear complex units [Ln(NO3 )3 (H2 O)3 ] are linked to L molecules through intermolecular hydrogen-bonding interactions to form a 2D polymeric supramolecular architecture. An investigation into the optical characteristics of the Eu3+ -, Tb3+ -, and Dy3+ -containing compounds (1, 3, and 4) showed that these complexes displayed metal-centered luminescence. According to magnetic measurements, compound 4 exhibits single-ion magnet behavior, with ΔEeff /kB =86 K in a field of 1500 Oe.

7.
IUCrJ ; 5(Pt 3): 293-303, 2018 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29755745

RESUMO

Photoinitiated solid-state reactions are known to affect the physical properties of coordination polymers, such as fluorescence and sorption behaviour, and also afford extraordinary architectures (e.g. three-periodic structures with polyorganic ligands). However, the construction of novel photo-sensitive coordination polymers requires an understanding of the factors which govern the mutual disposition of reactive fragments. A series of zinc(II) malonate complexes with 1,2-bis(pyridin-4-yl)ethylene and its photo-insensitive analogues has been synthesized for the purpose of systematic analysis of their underlying nets and mutual disposition of N-donor ligands. The application of a big data-set analysis for the prediction of a variety of possible complex compositions, coordination environments and networks for a four-component system has been demonstrated for the first time. Seven of the nine compounds possess one of the highly probable topologies for their underlying nets; in addition, two novel closely related four-coordinated networks were obtained. Complexes containing 1,2-bis(pyridin-4-yl)ethylene and 1,2-bis(pyridin-4-yl)ethane form isoreticular compounds more readily than those with 4,4'-bipyridine and 1,2-bis(pyridin-4-yl)ethylene. The effects of the precursor, either zinc(II) nitrate or zinc(II) acetate, on the composition and dimensionality of the resulting architecture are discussed. For three of the four novel complexes containing 1,2-bis(pyridin-4-yl)ethylene, the single-crystal-to-single-crystal [2 + 2] cycloaddition reactions were carried out. UV irradiation of these crystals afforded either the 0D→1D or the 3D→3D transformations, with and without network changes. One of the two 3D→3D transformations was accompanied by solvent (H2O) cleavage.

8.
Inorg Chem ; 56(24): 14759-14762, 2017 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29206025

RESUMO

Spin transitions in spin-crossover compounds are now routinely studied in the solid state by magnetometry; however, only a few methods exist for studies in solution. The currently used Evans method, which relies on NMR spectroscopy to measure the magnetic susceptibility, requires the availability of a very pure sample of the paramagnetic compound and its exact concentration. To overcome these limitations, we propose an alternative NMR-based technique for evaluating spin-state populations by only using the chemical shifts of a spin-crossover compound; those can be routinely obtained for a solution that contains unknown impurities and paramagnetic admixtures or is contaminated otherwise.

9.
Dalton Trans ; 46(11): 3457-3469, 2017 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28139794

RESUMO

A series of brightly luminescent new mononuclear TpPyLn(An)2(H2O) (where An- = carboxylate anion, Ln = Eu or Tb and TpPy- = tris(3-(2'-pyridyl)pyrazolyl)borate) and dinuclear (TpPyLn)2pma(MeOH)2 (Ln = Eu, Tb, pma4- = tetraanion of pyromellitic acid) complexes were prepared and characterized by X-ray crystallography. Within each series the compounds possess similar molecular structures, which differ only by the nature of the carboxylate anions. The quantum efficiencies for metal-centered emission of the complexes were up to 29(3)% for Eu3+ and 53(5)% for the Tb3+ compounds and significantly depend on the electronic structure of the additional ligand (i.e. the carboxylate). The aliphatic carboxylate compounds' luminescence quantum yields were all similar, but different from those for the aromatic ones. The complexes with trifluoroacetate and pentafluorobenzoate unexpectedly displayed lower quantum efficiencies compared to those with the corresponding non-fluorinated analogues. Energy transfer from Tb3+ to Eu3+ occurs in a mixture of (TpPyEu)(pma)(TbTpPy)(MeOH)2, (TpPyEu)2(pma)(MeOH)2 and (TpPyTb)2(pma)(MeOH)2 but is not very efficient. The Tb3+-compounds displayed green electroluminescence, and both the Eu3+ and Tb3+ complexes exhibited bright metal-centered red (Eu3+) or green (Tb3+) triboluminescence.

10.
Inorg Chem ; 56(3): 1599-1608, 2017 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28072527

RESUMO

The tetranuclear heterometallic complex [Li2Zn2(piv)6(py)2] (1, where piv- = pivalate and py = pyridine) has been successfully employed as a presynthesized node for the construction of four porous metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) [Li2Zn2(R-bdc)3(bpy)]·solv (2-R, R-bdc2-; R = H, Br, NH2, NO2) by reaction with 4,4'-bipyridine (bpy) and terephthalate anionic linkers. The [Li2Zn2] node is retained in the products, representing a rare example of the rational step-by-step design of isoreticular MOFs based on complex heterometallic building units. The permanent porosity of the activated frameworks was confirmed by gas adsorption isotherm measurements (N2, CO2, CH4). Three compounds, 2-H, 2-Br, and 2-NH2 (but not 2-NO2), feature extensive hysteresis between the adsorption and desorption curves in the N2 isotherms at low pressures. The substituents R decorate the inner surface and also control the aperture of the channels, the volume of the micropores, and the overall surface area, thus affecting both the gas uptake and adsorption selectivity. The highest CO2 absorption at ambient conditions (105 cm3·g-1 or 21 wt % at 273 K and 1 bar for 2-NO2) is above the average values for microporous MOFs. The photoluminescent properties of the prototypic 2-H as well as the corresponding host-guest compounds with various aromatic molecules (benzene, toluene, anisole, and nitrobenzene) were systematically investigated. We discovered a rather complex pattern in the emission response of this material depending on the wavelength of excitation as well as the nature of the guest molecules. On the basis of the crystal structure of 2-H, a mechanism for these luminescent properties is proposed and discussed.

11.
Dalton Trans ; 45(15): 6405-17, 2016 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26948276

RESUMO

New ferrocenoylacetonate complexes of several rare earth elements, [Ln(fca)3(bpy)]·MeC6H5 (Ln = Pr (), Eu (), Gd (), Tb (), Dy (), Ho (), Y (); bpy - 2,2'-bipyridine; Hfca - FcCOCH2COMe) as well as scandium ferrocenoylacetonate [Sc(fca)3]·0.5MeC6H5 (), were synthesized and characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. In the crystal lattice of the isostructural complexes , two [Ln(fca)3(bpy)] molecules form a pair due to stacking interactions between the bpy ligands. The Ln(3+) ions are coordinated in a square antiprism geometry with a coordination number of 8. The Sc(3+) ions in complex are coordinated in an octahedral geometry. Thermolysis of complexes was studied under air and argon atmospheres; in the first case, it affords perovskites LnFeO3 as one of the products. Complexes display single-molecule magnet properties, and the effective relaxation barrier for the Dy complex , was found to be Δeff/kB = 241 K, which is one of the highest values obtained for a mononuclear ß-diketonate lanthanide complex.

12.
Inorg Chem ; 54(11): 5232-8, 2015 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25974728

RESUMO

One-dimensional coordination polymer [Co(Piv)2(4-ptz)(C2H5OH)2]n (compound 1, Piv(-) = pivalate, 4-ptz = 2,4,6-tris(4-pyridyl)-1,3,5-triazine) was synthesized by interaction of Co(II) pivalate with 4-ptz. Desolvation of 1 led to formation of [Co(Piv)2(4-ptz)]n (compound 2), which adsorbed N2 and H2 at 78 K as a typical microporous sorbent. In contrast, absorption of methanol and ethanol by 2 at 295 K led to structural transformation probably connected with coordination of these alcohols to Co(II). Formation of 2 from 1 was accompanied by change of color of sample from orange to brown and more than 2-fold decrease of molar magnetic susceptibility (χM) in the temperature range from 2 to 300 K. Resolvation of 2 by ethanol or water resulted in restoration of spectral characteristics and χM values almost to the level of that of 1. χMT versus T curves for 1 and samples, obtained by resolvation of 2 by H2O or C2H5OH, were fitted using a model for Co(II) complex with zero-field splitting of this ion.

13.
Inorg Chem ; 54(11): 5169-81, 2015 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25953066

RESUMO

Linkage of the trigonal complex [Fe2NiO(Piv)6] (where Piv(-) = pivalate) by a series of polypyridine ligands, namely, tris(4-pyridyl)triazine (L(2)), 2,6-bis(3-pyridyl)-4-(4-pyridyl)pyridine (L(3)), N-(bis-2,2-(4-pyridyloxymethyl)-3-(4-pyridyloxy)propyl))pyridone-4 (L(4)), and 4-(N,N-diethylamino)phenyl-bis-2,6-(4-pyridyl)pyridine (L(5)) resulted in the formation of novel coordination polymers [Fe2NiO(Piv)6(L(2))]n (2), [Fe2NiO(Piv)6(L(3))]n (3), [Fe2NiO(Piv)6(L(4))]n·nHPiv (4), and [{Fe2NiO(Piv)6}4{L(5)}6]n·3nDEF (5, where DEF is N,N-diethylformamide), which were crystallographically characterized. The topological analysis of 3, 4, and 5 disclosed the 3,3,4,4-connected 2D (3, 4) or 3,4,4-connected 1D (5) underlying networks which, upon further simplification, gave rise to the uninodal 3-connected nets with the respective fes (3, 4) or SP 1-periodic net (4,4)(0,2) (5) topologies, driven by the cluster [Fe2Ni(µ3-O)(µ-Piv)6] nodes and the polypyridine µ3-L(3,4) or µ2-L(5) blocks. The obtained topologies were compared with those identified in other closely related derivatives [Fe2NiO(Piv)6(L(1))]n (1) and {Fe2NiO(Piv)6}8{L(6)}12 (6), where L(1) and L(6) are tris(4-pyridyl)pyridine and 4-(N,N-dimethylamino)phenyl-bis-2,6-(4-pyridyl)pyridine, respectively. It was shown that a key structure-driven role in defining the dimensionality and topology of the resulting coordination network is played by the type of polypyridine spacer. Compounds 2 and 3 possess a porous structure, as confirmed by the N2 and H2 sorption data at 78 K. Methanol and ethanol sorption by 2 was also studied indicating that the pores filled by these substrates did not induce any structural rearrangement of this sorbent. Additionally, porous coordination polymer 2 was also applied as a heterogeneous catalyst for the condensation of salicylaldehyde or 9-anthracenecarbaldehyde with malononitrile. The best activity of 2 was observed in the case of salicylaldehyde substrate, resulting in up to 88% conversion into 2-imino-2H-chromen-3-carbonitrile.

14.
Inorg Chem ; 54(7): 3125-33, 2015 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25797500

RESUMO

The three new complexes Tp(Py)Ln(CH3CO2)2(H2O) (Ln = Eu (1), Gd(2), or Tb (3)) were prepared and characterized crystallographically. In the crystal lattices of these complexes, separate molecules are connected in infinite chains by π-stacking interactions. Complexes 1 and 3 display intense photoluminescence and triboluminescence (red and green respectively), while compound 3 exhibits electroluminescence commencing at 9 V in an ITO/PVK/3/Al device (ITO = indium-tin oxide, PVK = poly(N-vinylcarbazole)). A series of Eu/Tb-doped Gd compounds was prepared by cocrystallization from mixtures of 1 and 2 or 2 and 3, respectively. It was shown that π-stacking interactions are involved in increasing the efficiency of energy transfer from the gadolinium complex to emitting [Tp(Py)Eu](2+) or [Tp(Py)Tb](2+) centers, and this energy transfer occurs through hundreds of molecules, resembling the process of energy harvesting in chloroplast stacks.


Assuntos
Boratos/química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Érbio/química , Gadolínio/química , Pirazóis/química , Térbio/química , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Transferência de Energia , Elementos da Série dos Lantanídeos/química , Luminescência , Estrutura Molecular
15.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 17(8): 5594-605, 2015 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25623515

RESUMO

The results of quantum chemical modeling of organic and metal-containing intermediates that occur in electrocatalytic dehalogenation reactions of organic chlorides are presented. Modeling of processes that take place in successive steps of the electrochemical reduction of representative C1 and C2 chlorides - CHCl3 and Freon R113 (1,1,2-trifluoro-1,2,2-trichloroethane) - was carried out by density functional theory (DFT) and second-order Møller-Plesset perturbation theory (MP2). It was found that taking solvation into account using an implicit solvent model (conductor-like screening model, COSMO) or considering explicit solvent molecules gave similar results. In addition to modeling of simple non-catalytic dehalogenation, processes with a number of complexes and their reduced forms, some of which were catalytically active, were investigated by DFT. Complexes M(L1)2 (M = Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, L1H = Schiff base from 2-pyridinecarbaldehyde and the hydrazide of 4-pyridinecarboxylic acid), Ni(L2) (H2L2 is the Schiff base from salicylaldehyde and 1,2-ethylenediamine, known as salen) and Co(L3)2Cl2, representing a fragment of a redox-active coordination polymer [Co(L3)Cl2]n (L3 is the dithioamide of 1,3-benzenedicarboxylic acid), were considered. Gradual changes in electronic structure in a series of compounds M(L1)2 were observed, and correlations between [M(L1)2](0) spin-up and spin-down LUMO energies and the relative energies of the corresponding high-spin and low-spin reduced forms, as well as the shape of the orbitals, were proposed. These results can be helpful for determination of the nature of redox-processes in similar systems by DFT. No specific covalent interactions between [M(L1)2](-) and the R113 molecule (M = Fe, Co, Ni, Zn) were found, which indicates that M(L1)2 electrocatalysts act rather like electron transfer mediators via outer-shell electron transfer. A relaxed surface scan of the adducts {M(L1)2·R113}(-) (M = Ni or Co) versus the distance between the chlorine atom leaving during reduction and the corresponding carbon atom showed an energy barrier to electron transfer (the first stage of R113 catalytic reduction), while DFT optimization of the {Ni(L2)·R113}(-) adduct showed barrier-free decomposition. The difference between the stabilities of the {Ni(L1)2·R113}(-) and {Ni(L2)·R113}(-) adducts correlates with the difference between the catalytic activities of Ni(L1)2 and Ni(L2) in the electrochemical reduction of R113.

16.
Dalton Trans ; 42(13): 4513-21, 2013 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23348875

RESUMO

We report on the synthesis and temperature-dependent magnetic properties observed in an exchange-coupled copper(II) dimer using X/Q-band Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) spectroscopy (9/34 GHz). It has been found that the zero-field splitting (D) in the dimer changes gradually by a factor close to two in the temperature range from T = 50 to 300 K. X-ray diffraction data show that this dimer consists of two five-coordinated copper ions, one of which has a highly asymmetric geometry intermediate between square pyramid and trigonal bipyramid. The copper-copper distance in the dimer is temperature-independent, whereas the degree of trigonality in an asymmetric unit decreases as the temperature is lowered. Therefore we suppose that the observed dependence D(T) originates from the interplay of different exchange interaction pathways driven by these thermal changes. Magnetic susceptibility measurements reveal weak ferromagnetic interactions, whose anisotropic parts should indeed be very sensitive to the subtle changes in the geometry and may result in apparent D(T). Apart from being a very unusual example of magneto-structural correlations, this and similar dimeric systems can be considered as an interesting type of new materials exhibiting strongly temperature-dependent magnetic properties.

17.
Chemistry ; 18(16): 5006-12, 2012 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22407897

RESUMO

Trinuclear building block {Fe(2)NiO(Piv)(6)} (Piv = pivalate), which possessed pseudo-D(3h) symmetry, was linked by two ligands, pseudo-D(3h) ligand tris-(4-pyridyl)pyridine (L1) and C(2v) ligand 4-(N,N-dimethylamino)phenyl-2,6-bis(4-pyridyl)pyridine (L2) into two products with different topologies: 2D coordination polymer [Fe(2)NiO(Piv)(6)(L1)](n) (1), and discrete molecule [{Fe(2)NiO(Piv)(6)}(8) {L2}(12)], which had a nanocube structure (2). In compound 1, trinuclear {Fe(2)NiO(Piv)(6)} blocks were linked through ligand L1 into layers with honeycomb topology. In compound 2, eight trinuclear blocks were located in the vertices of the nanocube, with each L2 ligand linked to two {Fe(2)NiO(Piv)(6)} units. In the crystal structure, these nanocubes formed infinite catenated chains. Analysis of possible structures that could be assembled from these building blocks showed that compounds 1 and 2 corresponded to their respective predicted topologies. Compound [1⋅solvent] possessed a porous structure, in which the voids were filled by solvent molecules (DMF or DMSO). This structure was retained following desolvation, and compound 1 absorbed significant quantities of N(2) and H(2) at 78 K (S(BET) = 730 m(2) g(-1), H(2) sorption capacity: 0.9 % by weight at 865 Torr). Desolvation of [2⋅solvent] led to disorder of its crystal structure, and compound 2 only adsorbed negligible quantities of N(2) but adsorbed 0.27 % H(2) (by weight) at 855 Torr and 78 K. The magnetic properties of these complexes (temperature dependence of molar magnetic susceptibility) were governed by the magnetic properties of the trinuclear "building block".

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA