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1.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34486850

RESUMO

The article presents results of comparative analysis of morbidity and mortality of diseases of circulatory system in the Republic of Buryatia in 2003-2018. The population mortality depends on identification of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, diseases of circulatory system and subsequent coverage of population with medical care, including dispensary monitoring. The analysis was based on data from State statistical reporting forms and official data of the Territorial Board of the Federal State Statistics Service in the Republic of Buryatia, including the form № 12 "The information on number of diseases registered in patients residing in area of medical organization servicing activity"; the form № 025-12/s "The Out-Patient Registration Card"; the form № 25-2/y "The Statistical Coupon for Final (updated) Diagnosis Registration". The study was carried out using statistical, analytical and comparative analysis methods. Currently, in the Republic of Buryatia, diseases of circular system occupying second place in the structure of total morbidity (15.7%) and primary disability of adult population (28.6%) are among leading cause of total population mortality (41.6%).


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Sistema Cardiovascular , Adulto , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Humanos , Morbidade , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Fatores de Risco
2.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33338353

RESUMO

The concept of preventable mortality makes it possible to assess health care reserves and to identify priorities of their improvement at the regional level. It was established that in the Republic of Buryatia during 2005-2019, the percentage of the first group by the levels of prevention of causes of death of the old list (Preventable) decreased by 6.1%, mainly due to injuries, poisoning and other consequences of external factors. The percentage of the second and third groups increased by 4.4% and 1.7%, respectively. The cause of increasing of preventable mortality are malignant neoplasms and diseases of respiratory system. The increase of mortality from malignant neoplasms made from11.4% i.e. from 166.3 (2005) up to 185.3 (2019) per 100 thousand of population caused by increasing of mortality of malignant neoplasms included in the first group (malignant neoplasms of lip, mouth, pharynx, esophagus, liver, intrahepatic bile ducts, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs, urinary bladder). The increasing of mortality from malignant neoplasms in the second group occurred due to malignant neoplasms of skin, including melanoma, breast, cervix, uterus. In this case, the lateness of seeking medical care, which is characteristic of a large part of population is to be considered. The dynamics of proportion of respiratory diseases in the structure of the third group was characterized by wave-like curve, with minimum in 2008 (45.3%), and maximum in 2014 (65.1%). At the same time, overall mortality of respiratory diseases decreased from 84.9 to 54.6 per 100 thousand of population. Taking into account the results of the study, it is appropriate to update existing regional preventive programs with emphasis on improving diagnostic of malignant neoplasms and appropriateness of regular preventive examinations of population of the Republic.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Causas de Morte , Feminino , Humanos , Mortalidade , Neoplasias/epidemiologia
3.
Stomatologiia (Mosk) ; 90(4): 59-62, 2011.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21983618

RESUMO

Expericnce of working out of tools of quality management of maxillofacial prosthetics which can be applied in clinical practice of maxillofacial orthopedy is presented. The fragment of the algorithm of maxillofacial prosthetics developed by authors is presented.


Assuntos
Prótese Maxilofacial , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Pré-Protéticos Bucais , Algoritmos , Humanos
4.
Stomatologiia (Mosk) ; 90(3): 4-6, 2011.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21716228

RESUMO

Complex research in which result key problems are revealed is done and the medico-organizational substantiation is given modern principles of rendering of the orthopedic care to the patients with maxillofacial defects.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica/organização & administração , Assistência Odontológica/normas , Cirurgia Ortognática/organização & administração , Cirurgia Ortognática/normas , Gestão da Qualidade Total , Humanos , Período Pós-Operatório , Federação Russa
6.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14513497

RESUMO

Scientific approaches to optimizing the hospital medical care with respect to 3 healthcare levels (regional, municipal and departmental) are presented in the paper. An appropriate model of patient-care facilities aimed at solving the issues of intersectoral involvement of such regional, municipal and departmental institutions in implementing the Territorial Program of State Guarantees in Rendering the Free-Of-Charge Medical Care To Population is suggested.


Assuntos
Hospitais Urbanos/organização & administração , Indústrias , Regionalização da Saúde/organização & administração , Serviços Urbanos de Saúde/organização & administração , Número de Leitos em Hospital/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitais Urbanos/normas , Humanos , Federação Russa , Serviços Urbanos de Saúde/normas
7.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12170896

RESUMO

The prevalence of dental diseases in the population subject to orthodontic treatment is analyzed. High incidence of the main nosological entities, requiring orthodontic treatment, and the morbidity time course in different age groups are shown. Population need in orthodontic care is evaluated. Coefficients for evaluation of consumption of orthodontic care are estimated and the possibility of using these coefficients in practical public health is discussed.


Assuntos
Ortodontia , Doenças Dentárias/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Boca Edêntula/epidemiologia , Higiene Bucal , Federação Russa/epidemiologia , Fatores Sexuais , Doenças Dentárias/prevenção & controle , Doenças Dentárias/terapia
8.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9778978

RESUMO

Anonymous questionnaires were distributed among patients of treatment and prophylaxis inpatient and outpatient institutions in the city of Irkutsk. Analysis of responses helped detect the causes responsible for the unfavorable initial health status of patients and decreasing the probability of favorable outcomes after treatment.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , Nível de Saúde , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Federação Russa , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9483979

RESUMO

The existing public health system in the USA has a plenty of problems, such as isolated infrastructure, inadequate preventive activity, complex financing, and lack of social equality as regards the availability of medical care for the population. The USA scientists consider that the up-to-date system of health protection is in need of radical reforms. Approaches to these reforms are outlined.


Assuntos
Reforma dos Serviços de Saúde , Saúde Pública , Estados Unidos
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