Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 54
Filtrar
1.
Scand J Pain ; 2020 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32383692

RESUMO

Background and aims Psychological traits such as pain catastrophizing may play a role in the development of chronic pelvic pain (CPP). Pain catastrophizing is the tendency to amplify negative cognitive and emotional pain processes. The Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) assesses elements of pain catastrophizing divided into three subgroups of factors (rumination, helplessness and magnification). Previous studies have shown associations between CPP and increased pain sensitivity, widespread generalized hyperalgesia, and decreased pain thresholds, but the relation between pain catastrophizing and specific pain thresholds has not yet been widely examined in this patient group. The aims of this study were (a) to determine if catastrophizing is increased in women with CPP compared with pain-free women, (b) to assess the importance of pain catastrophizing, psychological distress variables, and subjective pain sensitivity for pain thresholds of heat, cold and pressure in these two groups, and (c) to determine whether psychological variables or pain thresholds best contribute to the differentiation between CPP and controls. Methods Thirty-seven women with chronic pelvic pain who underwent diagnostic laparoscopy on the suspicion of endometriosis participated along with 55 healthy and pain-free controls. All underwent quantitative sensory testing on six locations on the body to determine heat (HPT), cold (CPT) and pressure (PPT) pain thresholds. The PCS, the Pain Sensitivity Questionnaire (PSQ), the Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale, (HADS) demographics and clinical data were collected prospectively. Principal component analysis and orthogonal partial least square regressions were used to assess the associations between PCS scores and pain thresholds. Results The women with CPP scored significantly higher on PCS than the healthy controls. PCS-helplessness, PCS-rumination and HADS-depression were significantly associated with pain thresholds for the whole group. In the CPP group, PCS-rumination, body mass index and PSQ were significant regressors for HPT and CPT. The PCS and the HADS subscales were strongly intercorrelated in women with CPP and were stronger regressors of group membership than the three pain thresholds. In the group of healthy control women, no relationships were found to be significant. The psychological variables were somewhat stronger significant regressors than pain thresholds (also significant) for group membership. Conclusions Women with CPP have significantly higher pain catastrophizing scores than women without CPP. The pain catastrophizing rumination factor is significantly associated with pain thresholds of heat and cold in CPP women. PCS and HADS are strongly intercorrelated and PSQ correlates positively with these variables. It seems that the psychological variables are important for group differentiation. Implications The results clearly indicate the need for a multimodal assessment (bio-psycho-social) of CPP patients including psychological symptoms such as catastrophizing, anxiety and depression. The registration of semi-objective pain thresholds captures both specific pain sensitivity information (mechanical pressure, cold or heat) and the degree of wide spread pain hypersensitivity. There is a need for future larger studies investigating whether certain profiles in the clinical presentations (including pain thresholds and psychological variables) are associated with outcomes after different types of interventions.

2.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 7226, 2020 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32350297

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to analyse the dynamics of tissue damage and inflammatory response markers perioperatively and whether these differ between women operated with robotic and abdominal hysterectomy in treating early-stage endometrial cancer. At a Swedish university hospital fifty women with early-stage low-risk endometrial cancer were allocated to robotic or abdominal hysterectomy in a randomiszed controlled trial. Blood samples reflecting inflammatory responses (high sensitivity CRP, white blood cells (WBC), thrombocytes, IL-6, cortisol) and tissue damage (creatine kinase (CK), high-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1)) were collected one week preoperatively, just before surgery, postoperatively at two, 24 and 48 hours, and one and six weeks postoperatively. High sensitivity CRP (p = 0.03), WBC (p < 0.01), IL-6 (p = 0.03) and CK (p = 0.03) were significantly lower in the robotic group, but fast transitory. Cortisol returned to baseline two hours after robotic hysterectomy but remained elevated in the abdominal group comparable to the preoperative high levels for both groups just before surgery (p < 0.0001). Thrombocytes and HMGB1 were not affected by the mode of surgery. Postoperative inflammatory response and tissue damage were lower after robotic hysterectomy compared to abdominal hysterectomy. A significant remaining cortisol elevation two hours after surgery may reflect a higher stress response in the abdominal group.

3.
Acta Oncol ; 59(3): 365-371, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852317

RESUMO

Background: The aim of this study was to validate a translated Swedish version of the lymphoedema-specific quality of life questionnaire (LYMQOL) in a cohort of Swedish cancer patients with secondary lymphoedema of the limbs after cancer treatment.Material and methods: We recruited 102 patients with lymphoedema of the arms or legs after cancer treatment who were visiting lymphoedema therapists at the departments of oncology at the university hospitals in Linköping and Umeå. The LYMQOL questionnaires were translated forward and backward from English to Swedish. Content and face validity were evaluated. The construct validity was assessed by comparing the LYMQOL with the Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) and the perceived degree of lymphoedema of the limbs, respectively. Reliability was determined through test-retest. The internal consistency was assessed by determining Cronbach's alpha and by factor analysis.Results: The content and face validity assessments showed that LYMQOL was an easy, clear and not too long questionnaire to use for patients with lymphoedema. Construct validity was high in both versions when compared with the SF-36. The association between the degrees of perceived lymphoedema and the LYMQOL was only significant in the domains Function and Body Image in the arm version, whereas all domains in the leg version were significant. The reliability was good for the arm version (intra-class-correlation coefficients 0.53-0.87) and very good for the leg version (intra-class-correlation coefficients 0.78-0.90). The internal consistency was acceptable to excellent, with Cronbach's alpha values between 0.79-0.93 (arm-version) and 0.87-0.94 (leg-version). The factor analysis confirmed the usefulness of the four domains in the LYMQOL versions.Conclusions: This study confirmed the validity of the Swedish version of LYMQOL and demonstrated that LYMQOL may be a simple and useful tool for use in clinical practice and scientific contexts for evaluating QoL in patients with lymphoedema of the limbs.

4.
Int J Gynecol Cancer ; 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31796533

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In squamous cell vulvar cancer, sentinel node biopsy is accepted as standard treatment in well-defined patient groups and has reduced surgical morbidity considerably. Currently, due to the lack of evidence, it cannot be offered to patients with tumors of 4 cm diameter or greater or with multifocal tumors, or in local recurrences. PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: This study is primarily a pilot and feasibility trial, aiming to evaluate if the prerequisites concerning detection rate and negative predictive value are satisfactory before the implementation of a multinational trial. STUDY HYPOTHESIS: Sentinel node biopsy has an acceptable negative predictive value and detection rate in the study cohort. TRIAL DESIGN: This study is planned as a prospective, national, multicenter interventional trial. Participating patients will undergo a sentinel node biopsy in addition to an inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy. INCLUSION AND EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Inclusion criteria: for women in group 1, a primary tumor ≥4 cm in diameter; in group 2, a multifocal primary tumor; in group 3, a local recurrence without previous inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy or radiation to the groins; in group 4, a local recurrence, with previous inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy and/or radiation to the groins. PRIMARY ENDPOINT: The primary endpoints are the detection rate and the negative predictive value of the sentinel node procedure. SAMPLE SIZE: In each of the four study arms, recruitment of 20-30 patients is planned. ESTIMATED DATES FOR COMPLETING RECRUITMENT AND PRESENTING RESULTS: Recruitment will take place between November 2019 and October 2021. Results will be available in December 2021. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The trial is registered at "ClinicalTrials.gov" (ID: NCT04147780).

5.
Gynecol Oncol ; 155(2): 229-236, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477283

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Survival in cervical cancer has improved little over the last decades. We aimed to elucidate primary treatment patterns and survival. METHODS: Population-based study of patients included in the Swedish Quality Registry for Gynecologic Cancer diagnosed 2011-2015. Main outcome was 5-year relative survival (RS). Age-standardised RS (AS-RS) was estimated for the total cohort and for the pooled study population of squamous, adenosquamous-, adenocarcinoma. RESULTS: Median follow-up time was 4.6 years. The study population consisted of 2141 patients; 97% of the 2212 patients in the total cohort and the 5-year AS-RS was 71% and 70%, respectively. RS stage IB1: surgery alone 95% vs. 72% for definitive chemoradiotherapy (CT-RT) (p < 0.001). In stage IIA1 74% had CT-RT, and 47% of operated patients received adjuvant (CT)-RT. RS stage IB2: surgically treated 81% (69% received adjuvant (CT)-RT) vs. 76% for (CT)-RT (p = 0.73). RS stage IIB: 77% for CT-RT + brachytherapy (BT), 37% for RT + BT (p = 0.045) and 27% for RT-BT (p < 0.001). Stages III-IVA; <40% received CT-RT + BT, RS 45% vs. 18% for RT-BT (RR 4.1, p < 0.001). RS stage IVB 7%. CONCLUSION: Primary treatment of cervical cancer in Sweden adhered to evidence-based standard of care. Areas of improvement include optimising treatment for stages III-IVA, and avoiding combining surgery and radiotherapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Quimiorradioterapia/estatística & dados numéricos , Terapia Combinada/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Suécia/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Adulto Jovem
6.
Biochem J ; 476(19): 2883-2908, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519735

RESUMO

Control of fatty acid storage and release in adipose tissue is fundamental in energy homeostasis and the development of obesity and type 2 diabetes. We here take the whole signalling network into account to identify how insulin and ß-adrenergic stimulation in concert controls lipolysis in mature subcutaneous adipocytes obtained from non-diabetic and, in parallel, type 2 diabetic women. We report that, and show how, the anti-lipolytic effect of insulin can be fully explained by protein kinase B (PKB/Akt)-dependent activation of the phosphodiesterase PDE3B. Through the same PKB-dependent pathway ß-adrenergic receptor signalling, via cAMP and PI3Kα, is anti-lipolytic and inhibits its own stimulation of lipolysis by 50%. Through this pathway both insulin and ß-adrenergic signalling control phosphorylation of FOXO1. The dose-response of lipolysis is bell-shaped, such that insulin is anti-lipolytic at low concentrations, but at higher concentrations of insulin lipolysis was increasingly restored due to inhibition of PDE3B. The control of lipolysis was not altered in adipocytes from diabetic individuals. However, the release of fatty acids was increased by 50% in diabetes due to reduced reesterification of lipolytically liberated fatty acids. In conclusion, our results reveal mechanisms of control by insulin and ß-adrenergic stimulation - in human adipocytes - that define a network of checks and balances ensuring robust control to secure uninterrupted supply of fatty acids without reaching concentrations that put cellular integrity at risk. Moreover, our results define how selective insulin resistance leave lipolytic control by insulin unaltered in diabetes, while the fatty acid release is substantially increased.

7.
Acta Oncol ; 58(11): 1628-1633, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31373248

RESUMO

Background: The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI) on the risk of lymph node metastases and survival in endometrioid endometrial adenocarcinoma.Material and methods: As regard the study design, this is a cohort study based on prospectively recorded data. Patients with endometrioid endometrial adenocarcinoma registered in the Swedish Quality Registry for Gynecologic Cancer 2010-2017 with FIGO stages I-III and verified nodal status were identified (n = 1587). LVSI together with established risk factors, namely DNA ploidy, FIGO grade, myometrial invasion and age, were included in multivariable regression analyses with lymph node metastases as the dependent variable. Associations between the risk factors and overall and relative survival were included in multivariable models. Estimates of risk ratios (RR), hazard ratios (HR), excess mortality rate ratios (EMR), and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated.Results: The presence of LVSI presented the strongest association with lymph node metastases (RR = 5.46, CI 3.69-8.07, p < .001) followed by deep myometrial invasion (RR = 1.64, CI 1.13-2.37). In the multivariable survival analyses, LVSI (EMR = 7.69, CI 2.03-29.10,) and non-diploidy (EMR = 3.23, CI 1.25-8.41) were associated with decreased relative survival. In sub-analyses including only patients with complete para-aortic and pelvic lymphadenectomy and negative lymph nodes (n = 404), only LVSI (HR = 2.50, CI 1.05-5.98) was associated with a worsened overall survival.Conclusion: This large nationwide study identified LVSI as the strongest independent risk factor for lymph node metastases and decreased survival in patients with endometrioid adenocarcinomas. Moreover, decreased overall survival was also seen in patients with LVSI-positive tumors and negative lymph nodes, indicating that hematogenous dissemination might also be important.

8.
Eur J Pain ; 23(9): 1631-1639, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31192501

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Pain Sensitivity Questionnaire (PSQ) is a self-rating instrument developed as a time- and cost-saving alternative to quantitative sensory testing (QST). The aims of the study were to assess (a) the associations between PSQ scores and QST in women with persistent pelvic pain and in pain-free controls and (b) to what extent demographic variables and psychological distress influenced PSQ scores. METHODS: Fifty-five healthy women and 37 women with persistent pelvic pain participated. All filled in the PSQ and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and had QST (heat, cold and pressure pain thresholds) performed on six locations on the body. Information on age, body mass index, smoking habits and pain duration were collected. Principal component analysis and orthogonal partial least square regressions were used. RESULTS: The patients scored significantly higher on PSQ than the controls. Significant multivariate correlations between pain thresholds and PSQ scores were found only in the patient group. In the patient group, the heat and cold pain thresholds correlated more strongly with PSQ scores than the pressure pain threshold. CONCLUSIONS: The PSQ score was significantly higher in pelvic pain patients, and correlations between QSTs and the PSQ were only found for patients. SIGNIFICANCE: The PSQ reflects pain sensitivity in women with PPP and can be used as a non-invasive and painless way to assess this condition in clinical practice.

9.
Int J Gynecol Cancer ; 2019 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30923082

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: There are limited prospective data on the evaluation of quality of life in patients undergoing robotic hysterectomy for endometrial cancer. Our objective was to determine whether post-operative recovery differs between robotic and abdominal hysterectomy. METHODS: At a Swedish tertiary referral university hospital, 50 women with low-risk endometrial cancer scheduled for surgery between February 2012 and May 2016 were included in a randomized trial. Surgery was performed according to principles for minimal invasive surgery. Anesthesia and peri-operative care followed a standardized enhanced recovery after surgery program in both groups. The EuroQol Group form EQ-5D and the Short Form-36 were used to evaluate patients' health-related quality of life. The Swedish Postoperative Symptoms Questionnaire assessed symptoms pre-operatively, daily for 7 days from the day of surgery, and then weekly until 6 weeks post-operatively. Data were analyzed by means of non-parametric tests and repeated measures ANOVA. To evaluate the time-dependent occurrence of complications, Kaplan-Meier survival and Cox proportional-hazard models were used. RESULTS: A total of 50 women were enrolled in the study (25 robotic and 25 abdominal hysterectomy). Median age (68 years vs 67 years), estimated blood loss (50 mL vs 50 mL), length of hospital stay de facto (53 hours vs 51 hours), and time to meet discharge criteria (36 hours vs 36 hours) in the robotic and abdominal groups, respectively, did not differ significantly (p>0.05) Women in the robotic hysterectomy group recovered significantly faster (p=0.01) in the EQ-5D health index, and reached their pre-operative level after approximately 3 weeks, nearly 2 weeks earlier than the abdominal group. Differences regarding improvement in health-related quality of life (Short Form-36) were statistically significant in general health and social functioning only, and were in favor of robotic hysterectomy. Consumption of analgesics, pain intensity, and symptom sum score post-operatively were equal. Occurrence of complications was an independent risk factor and influenced significantly the EQ-5D health index, length of hospital stay, pain intensity, opioid consumption, and symptom sum score adversely. CONCLUSION: Robotic hysterectomy in the setting of an enhanced recovery after surgery program led to faster recovery in health-related quality of life compared with abdominal hysterectomy.

10.
BMJ Open ; 9(3): e024484, 2019 03 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30837253

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine whether regional analgesia with intrathecal morphine (ITM) in an enhanced recovery programme (enhanced recovery after surgery [ERAS]) gives a shorter hospital stay with good pain relief and equal health-related quality of life (QoL) to epidural analgesia (EDA) in women after midline laparotomy for proven or assumed gynaecological malignancies. DESIGN: An open-label, randomised, single-centre study. SETTING: A tertiary referral Swedish university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty women, 18-70 years of age, American Society of Anesthesiologists I and II, admitted consecutively to the department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. INTERVENTIONS: The women were allocated (1:1) to either the standard analgesic method at the clinic (EDA) or the experimental treatment (ITM). An ERAS protocol with standardised perioperative routines and standardised general anaesthesia were applied. The EDA or ITM started immediately preoperatively. The ITM group received morphine, clonidine and bupivacaine intrathecally; the EDA group had an epidural infusion of bupivacaine, adrenalin and fentanyl. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary endpoint was length of hospital stay (LOS). Secondary endpoints were QoL and pain assessments. RESULTS: LOS was statistically significantly shorter for the ITM group compared with the EDA group (median [IQR]3.3 [1.5-56.3] vs 4.3 [2.2-43.2] days; p=0.01). No differences were observed in pain assessment or QoL. The ITM group used postoperatively the first week significantly less opioids than the EDA group (median (IQR) 20 mg (14-35 mg) vs 81 mg (67-101 mg); p<0.0001). No serious adverse events were attributed to ITM or EDA. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with EDA, ITM is simpler to administer and manage, is associated with shorter hospital stay and reduces opioid consumption postoperatively with an equally good QoL. ITM is effective as postoperative analgesia in gynaecological cancer surgery. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT02026687; Results.

11.
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand ; 98(3): 327-336, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30472739

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Endometriosis is a gynecological disorder that may cause considerable pelvic pain in women of fertile age. Determining pain mechanisms is necessary in order to optimize the treatment of the disease. The objective of the study was to evaluate pain thresholds in women with persistent pelvic pain with and without confirmed endometriosis, and healthy, unaffected controls, and analyze how pain thresholds in these cohorts related to duration of pelvic pain, quality of life, and symptoms of anxiety and depression. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Pain thresholds for heat, cold and pressure were assessed with quantitative sensory testing on six locations on a reference group of 55 healthy women and on 37 women with persistent pelvic pain who had been admitted for diagnostic laparoscopy on the suspicion of endometriosis. Validated instruments were applied to assess quality of life and symptoms of anxiety and depression. Data were analyzed by means of uni- and multivariate analysis of variance and Spearman's rank-order correlation. RESULTS: The women with persistent pelvic pain had significantly lower pain thresholds compared with the reference women. In the women with pain, no differences were observed in pain thresholds between women with (n = 13) and women without (n = 24) biopsy-proven endometriosis. The duration of pelvic pain correlated significantly positively with reduced pain thresholds, ie, the longer the duration, the more sensitization. In the persistent pelvic pain group, pain thresholds for heat correlated significantly with the Short Form Health Survey 36 dimension of bodily pain, and thresholds for cold correlated with Short Form Health Survey 36 bodily pain and with symptoms of depression. CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed widespread alterations in pain thresholds in women with persistent pelvic pain that are indicative of central sensitization and a time-dependent correlation. Women with pelvic pain and suspicion of endometriosis should probably be treated more thoroughly to prevent or at least minimize the concomitant development of central sensitization.


Assuntos
Endometriose/psicologia , Limiar da Dor , Dor Pélvica/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Adulto , Ansiedade/etiologia , Endometriose/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Dor Pélvica/etiologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
12.
J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol ; 32(2): 139-145, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30453030

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between maternal body mass index and neonatal outcomes in adolescents and to compare neonatal outcomes between overweight and obese adolescents and obstetric low-risk adult women. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using data from the Swedish Medical Birth Register. SETTING: Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: All 31,386 primiparous adolescents younger than 20 years of age and 178,844 "standard" women, defined as normal weight, obstetric low-risk adult women who delivered between 1992 and 2013. The adolescents were categorized according to weight and height in early pregnancy into body mass index groups according to the World Health Organization classification. Logistic regression models were used. INTERVENTIONS AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Neonatal outcomes in relation to maternal body mass index groups. RESULTS: In the adolescents, 6109/31,386 (19.5%) and 2287/31,386 (7.3%) were overweight and obese, respectively. Compared with normal weight adolescents, overweight adolescents had a lower risk of having small for gestational age neonates, and higher risks for having neonates with macrosomia, and being large for gestational age and with Apgar score less than 7 at 5 minutes. The obese adolescents had increased risk for having neonates being large for gestational age (3.8% vs 1.3%; adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 2.97 [95% confidence interval (CI), 2.30-3.84]), with macrosomia (>4500 g) (4.6% vs 1.4%; aOR, 2.95 [95% CI, 2.33-3.73]), and with Apgar score less than 7 at 5 minutes (2.2% vs 1.1%; aOR, 1.98 [95% CI, 1.43-2.76]) than normal weight adolescents. Compared with the standard women, overweight and obese adolescents had overall more adverse neonatal outcomes. CONCLUSION: Overweight and obese adolescents had predominantly increased risks for adverse neonatal outcomes compared with normal weight adolescents and standard women.


Assuntos
Obesidade Pediátrica/complicações , Complicações na Gravidez/etiologia , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Gravidez na Adolescência/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Índice de Massa Corporal , Peso Corporal , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Suécia , Adulto Jovem
13.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 228: 111-119, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29933195

RESUMO

The aim of this descriptive review is to summarise the current knowledge of non-invasive bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) used with gynaecological surgical patients in regard to postoperative development of lymphoedema and determination of perioperative fluid balance, and as a prognostic factor in cancer mortality and a predictor of postoperative complications. The databases PubMed, MEDLINE, Scopus Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, and reference lists of selected articles were searched for relevant articles published during the period January 2008-April 2018. Only papers published in English were retrieved. Thirty-seven articles were evaluated. Where gynaecological studies were lacking, studies with a study population from neighbouring clinical fields were used instead. Studies on the clinical use of BIA with gynaecological surgical patients were divided into three categories: the postoperative development of lower limb lymphoedema (n = 7), perioperative hydration measuring (n = 3), and the BIA parameter phase angle as a prognostic factor in cancer survival and as predictive for postoperative complications (n = 6). Of these 16 studies only three used a pure gynaecological study population. Three different methods of BIA were used in these articles: single frequency-BIA, multifrequency-BIA and bioimpedance spectroscopy. BIA was found to detect lymphoedema with a sensitivity of 73% and a specificity of 84%. Studies indicated that BIA was able to detect lower limb lymphoedema at an early stage even before it became clinically detectable. During postoperative hydration measurements, an increase in extracellular fluid volume and extracellular fluid volume in relation to total body fluid volume, as well as a decrease in phase angle, were associated with higher frequencies of postoperative complications. Moreover, low values for the phase angle have been associated with increased mortality in cancer patients. However, the number of studies in this field was limited. From our review, BIA seems to be a useful tool for use in the clinical setting of the gynaecological surgical patient. The theoretical approach of using bioelectrical impedance values to measure the fluid distribution in the body compartments offers wide opportunities in the clinical setting. However, so far, all studies have set up cut-off limits within the study population, and reference values for a general population need to be defined. There are also rather few studies on a gynaecological study population. Hence, there is a need for further studies within gynaecological surgery focusing on early detection of lower limb lymphoedema, perioperative fluid balance, and postoperative complications in order to establish the value of BIA in clinical praxis.


Assuntos
Impedância Elétrica , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/efeitos adversos , Linfedema/diagnóstico , Humanos , Linfedema/etiologia , Estado de Hidratação do Organismo
14.
J Clin Nurs ; 27(1-2): 205-211, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28493635

RESUMO

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To identify and describe the experience of healthcare encounters among women with endometriosis. BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is a "hidden" chronic gynaecological disease appearing in every 10th woman of fertile age. Different manifestations of pain are the main symptoms, often leading to impaired physical and mental health, and lower quality of life. Previous research on healthcare experiences among women with endometriosis has focused on diagnostic delay and experiences of encountering general practitioners. DESIGN: A qualitative, interpretive, phenomenological approach was used. METHODS: We interviewed nine women aged 23-55, with a laparoscopy-confirmed diagnosis of endometriosis. The interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim. The data were analysed following the steps of the interpretive phenomenological approach. RESULTS: Two themes were identified in the interview transcripts: being treated with ignorance and being acknowledged. The essence: "the double-edged experience of healthcare encounters" emerged from the themes. The women's experience was double-edged as it involved contradictory feelings: the encounters were experienced as both destructive or constructive. On the one hand, the destructive side was characterised by ignorance, exposure and disbelief. On the other hand, the constructive side made the women feel acknowledged and confirmed, boosting their self-esteem. CONCLUSIONS: The new and important aspects of the findings are that the experience of healthcare encounters is for the first time expressed as double-edged: both destructive and constructive. The experience was of specific importance as it affected the women's perceptions of themselves and of their bodies. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: The information about the constructive side of the experience is of clinical valuable for all healthcare professionals (nurses, midwives and doctors) encountering these women, as it provides a new level of understanding of the experiences. The findings demonstrate both psychological and practical aspects that can help professionals to improve the encounters.


Assuntos
Endometriose/psicologia , Endometriose/terapia , Relações Profissional-Paciente , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Doença Crônica/psicologia , Doença Crônica/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor/etiologia , Gravidez , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Adulto Jovem
15.
Acta Oncol ; 57(3): 346-353, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28828920

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate the quality of data on endometrial (EC) and ovarian, fallopian tube, peritoneal, abdominal or pelvic cancers (OC) registered in the Swedish Quality Register of Gynecologic Cancer (SQRGC). METHOD: A random sample of 500 patients was identified in the SQRGC and their medical charts were reviewed for re-abstraction of 31 selected core variables by an independent validator. The data in the SQRGC and the re-abstracted data were compared. The data were collected from 25 hospitals evenly distributed throughout Sweden. The main outcomes were comparability, timeliness, completeness and validity. Coverage was compared with the National Cancer Register (NCR). Timeliness was defined as the speed of registration i.e. when patients were registered in the SQRGC relative to date of diagnosis. Internationally accepted coding systems for stage, grading and histologic type were used ensuring a high degree of comparability. Correlations were estimated using Pearson's correlation coefficient and Cohen´s kappa coefficient. RESULTS: The completeness was 95%. The timeliness was 88-91% within 12 months of diagnosis. The median degree of agreement between re-abstracted data and data in the SQRGC was 82.1%, with a median kappa value of 0.73 for ordinate variables and a median Pearson's correlation coefficient of 0.96. The agreements for the type of surgery were 76% (95% CI 70-81%; kappa 0.49) and type of primary treatment 90% (95% CI 87-94%; kappa 0.85) in OC and in EC 88% (95% CI 84-93%; kappa 0.84). The agreements for the FIGO stage were in OC and EC 74% (95% CI 68-80%; kappa 0.69) and 87% (95% CI 82-91%; kappa 0.79), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The data in the Swedish Quality Register for Gynecologic Cancer are of adequate quality in order to be used as a basis for research and to evaluate possible differences in treatment, lead times and treatment results.


Assuntos
Confiabilidade dos Dados , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos , Sistema de Registros/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Suécia
16.
J Womens Health (Larchmt) ; 27(5): 691-698, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29148910

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The study objective was to analyze and compare patient-reported experience measures (PREMs) and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) after hysterectomy in women with and without a preoperative complaint of pelvic pain associated with and without a confirmed diagnosis of endometriosis. METHODS: Retrospective nationwide register study. Data on 28,776 hysterectomies performed on benign indication between 2004 and 2016 were retrieved from the Swedish National Register for Gynecological Surgery. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to compare the PREMs and PROMs items. The results are presented as adjusted odds ratios (aORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). RESULTS: Regardless of the occurrence of pelvic pain preoperatively and a diagnosis of endometriosis, 1 year after surgery, the women were satisfied or very satisfied (>90%) with the hysterectomy, and their medical condition was improved or much improved (>95%). The women with a preoperative complaint of pelvic pain and endometriosis more often reported excessively short hospital stays (aOR 1.45, 95% CI 1.17-1.79), more severe complications after discharge (aOR 2.02, 95% CI 1.59-2.66) at the 8-week follow-up and at the 1-year follow-up (aOR 2.31, 95% CI 1.57-3.39), and more dissatisfaction with the operation (aOR 1.83, 95% CI 1.35-2.48) than preoperative pelvic pain-free women without endometriosis at the 1-year follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: The majority of the women were satisfied after their hysterectomy. The women with pelvic pain and endometriosis were at a higher risk of being dissatisfied. Pelvic pain per se seemed to be the main factor affecting the rating in the PREMs and PROMs, and the endometriosis was a significant contributing factor.


Assuntos
Endometriose/cirurgia , Histerectomia/métodos , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Satisfação do Paciente , Dor Pélvica/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Adulto , Endometriose/diagnóstico , Endometriose/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia/efeitos adversos , Tempo de Internação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Pélvica/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Suécia/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Acta Oncol ; 57(3): 331-337, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29130381

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) ovarian cancer staging system includes no sub-stage for lymph nodes (LN) as only distant disease manifestation. We explore the prognostic implication of LN as only stage IV classifier in serous ovarian cancer. METHOD: This is a nation-wide, population-based study on 551 women with serous stage IV cancers diagnosed between 2009-2014. We compare overall survival (OS) in women with LN as only distant metastatic site to those with pleural metastases only and to patients with other/multiple stage IV manifestations. Cox regression models were used for uni- and multivariable estimations. RESULTS: Of 551stage IV cases, distant metastatic site was registered in 433. Median OS for women with LN (n = 51) was 41.4 months, compared to 25.2 and 26.8 months for patients with pleural (n = 195) or other/multiple (n = 187) distant metastases (p = .0007). The corresponding five-year survival rates were 32, 11 and 22%, respectively. Multivariable analyzes confirmed shorter survival for women with pleural (HR 2.99, p = .001) or other/multiple distant sites (HR 2.67, p = .007), as compared to LN cases. LN only patients lived 9.1 months longer after primary than after interval surgery, but this difference was not significant (p = .245). CONCLUSION: Women with stage IV serous ovarian cancer having lymph nodes as only distant metastatic site live longer than other stage IV patients.


Assuntos
Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/patologia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Neoplasias Epiteliais e Glandulares/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Epiteliais e Glandulares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Suécia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
18.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 211: 112-121, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28242470

RESUMO

Lymphedema is one of the least studied complications of cancer treatment and a chronic condition with a substantial impact on health-related quality of life (HQoL). Lymphedema of the legs (LLL) constitutes a common adverse side effect of lymphadenectomy LA in gynecologic cancer treatment. Primary treatment of endometrial cancer (EC) comprises hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. Pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy is recommended in prognostic high risk groups of EC. This review summarizes the published literature concerning the prevalence of LLL after treatment for EC, methods used for measuring LLL, risk factors and HQoL impact. The main findings are that the reported prevalence of LLL varies significantly between 0% and 50%. This is due to a lack of a generally accepted standardization of terminology in assessment of lymphedema. The studies use different methods to assess and grade lymphedema and often the methodology used for determining LLL is poorly described and lacks baseline measurement. Lymphadenectomy, number of lymph nodes removed, and radiation therapy seems to increase the risk for LLL. All studies dealing with HQoL show that women with LLL have impaired HQoL. The level of evidence in the published studies is generally low. Consequently it is difficult to make clear-cut conclusions about the true prevalence or determination of risk factors. More prospective longitudinal or randomized trials with LLL as the primary outcome are necessary before conclusions can be drawn regarding prevalence of LLL and risk factor determination in EC. An internationally accepted standardization for terminology and methodology in lymphedema in research is needed.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio/cirurgia , Histerectomia/efeitos adversos , Linfedema/epidemiologia , Linfedema/etiologia , Ovariectomia/efeitos adversos , Salpingectomia/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
19.
Gynecol Oncol ; 144(1): 167-173, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27817932

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine survival outcome in patients with serous cancer in the ovary, fallopian tube, peritoneum and of undesignated origin. METHODS: Nation-wide population-based study of women≥18years with histologically verified non-uterine serous cancer, included in the Swedish Quality Registry for primary cancer of the ovary, fallopian tube and peritoneum diagnosed 2009-2013. Relative survival (RS) was estimated using the Ederer II method. Simple and multivariable analyses were estimated by Poisson regression models. RESULTS: Of 5627 women identified, 1246 (22%) had borderline tumors and 4381 had malignant tumors. In total, 2359 women had serous cancer; 71% originated in the ovary (OC), 9% in the fallopian tube (FTC), 9% in the peritoneum (PPC) and 11% at an undesignated primary site (UPS). Estimated RS at 5-years was 37%; for FTC 54%, 40% for OC, 34% for PPC and 13% for UPS. In multivariable regression analyses restricted to women who had undergone primary or interval debulking surgery for OC, FTC and PPC, site of origin was not independently associated with survival. Significant associations with worse survival were found for advanced stages (RR 2.63, P<0.001), moderate (RR 1.90, P<0.047) and poor differentiation (RR 2.20, P<0.009), neoadjuvant chemotherapy (RR1.33, P<0.022), residual tumor (RR 2.65, P<0.001) and platinum single (2.34, P<0.001) compared to platinum combination chemotherapy. CONCLUSION: Survival was poorer for serous cancer at UPS than for ovarian, fallopian tube and peritoneal cancer. Serous cancer at UPS needs to be addressed when reporting and comparing survival rates of ovarian cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Tubas Uterinas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Císticas, Mucinosas e Serosas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Primárias Desconhecidas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Peritoneais/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução , Neoplasias das Tubas Uterinas/patologia , Neoplasias das Tubas Uterinas/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasia Residual , Neoplasias Císticas, Mucinosas e Serosas/patologia , Neoplasias Císticas, Mucinosas e Serosas/terapia , Neoplasias Primárias Desconhecidas/patologia , Neoplasias Primárias Desconhecidas/terapia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Neoplasias Peritoneais/patologia , Neoplasias Peritoneais/terapia , Compostos de Platina/uso terapêutico , Sistema de Registros , Taxa de Sobrevida , Suécia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
20.
J Womens Health (Larchmt) ; 26(5): 426-434, 2017 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27992292

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate in adolescents the association between body mass index (BMI) and obstetric outcomes and to determine whether the outcomes in the BMI groups of adolescents differ from those of a low-risk population of adult women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a nationwide population-based register study. Obstetric outcomes of 31,386 singleton primiparous adolescents were evaluated in relation to BMI classes. Furthermore, the outcomes of the adolescents and 178,844 normal weight, nonsmoking, singleton primiparous women, 25-29 years old with no known comorbidity, defined as standard women, were compared. Multiple logistic regression models were used. Results are presented as crude odds ratios (ORs) or adjusted ORs and with a 95% confidence interval. RESULTS: Compared with normal weight adolescents, obese adolescents had a lower chance of a normal vaginal delivery (VD)-76% versus 85% [adjusted OR 0.61 (0.55-0.68)], a higher risk for acute cesarean section (CS)-8.9% versus 4.5% [adjusted OR 2.45 (2.08-2.88)], and stillbirth-0.7% versus 0.2% [adjusted OR 3.17 (1.74-5.77)]. Compared with standard women, overweight adolescents had a higher chance of a normal VD-82% versus 75% [crude OR 1.53 (1.44-1.64)] and a lower risk for acute CS-6.3% versus 7.1% [crude OR 0.85 (0.76-0.95)]. Obese adolescents had a lower risk for instrumental VD-8% versus 13% [crude OR 0.61 (0.53-0.71)] and obstetric anal sphincter injury-1% versus 3% [crude OR 0.38 (0.26-0.57)]. CONCLUSION: Several adverse obstetric outcomes were obesity related among adolescents. Overweight adolescents seemed to have better obstetric outcomes than standard women, something to consider when optimizing resources for women during pregnancy and delivery.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Obesidade/complicações , Sobrepeso/complicações , Resultado da Gravidez , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Análise Multivariada , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Suécia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA