Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 289
Filtrar
1.
Virchows Arch ; 2021 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33655392

RESUMO

Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is a B cell lymphoma composed of monomorphic medium-sized blastic cells with basophilic cytoplasm and a high proliferation index. BL has a characteristic immunophenotype of CD10 and BCL6 positive and BCL2 negative and harbours MYC gene rearrangements (MYCR) in >90% of the cases. Owing to its highly aggressive nature, intensified chemotherapy regimens are usually administered, requiring an exact diagnosis. Since the diagnosis usually warrants an integration of morphologic, immunophenotypic and genetic findings and because there is a morphologic overlap with the new WHO category of high-grade B cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (HGBL, NOS) and some cases of diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL), we wanted to test the distinctiveness of the CD10+, BCL6+, BCL2- and MYCR positive immunopheno-genotype in a large cohort of >1000 DLBCL and HGBL. Only 9/982 DLBCL classified by an expert panel of haematopathologists (0.9%) displayed a single MYCR and were CD10+, BCL6+ and BCL2-. In a similar fashion, only one out of 32 HGBL, NOS (3%) displayed the "Burkitt-like" genetic/immunophenotypic constitution. The samples of non-BL showing the BL-typic immunopheno-genotype, interestingly, harboured higher copy number variations (CNV) by OncoScan analysis (mean 7.3 CNVs/sample; range: 2-13 vs. 2.4; range 0-6) and were also distinct from pleomorphic BL cases regarding their mutational spectrum by NGS analysis. This implies that the characteristic immunophenotype of BL, in concert with a single MYCR, is uncommon in these aggressive lymphomas, and that this constellation favours BL.

2.
Blood ; 137(5): 646-660, 2021 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33538798

RESUMO

Richter's transformation (RT) is an aggressive lymphoma that occurs upon progression from chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Transformation has been associated with genetic aberrations in the CLL phase involving TP53, CDKN2A, MYC, and NOTCH1; however, a significant proportion of RT cases lack CLL phase-associated events. Here, we report that high levels of AKT phosphorylation occur both in high-risk CLL patients harboring TP53 and NOTCH1 mutations as well as in patients with RT. Genetic overactivation of Akt in the murine Eµ-TCL1 CLL mouse model resulted in CLL transformation to RT with significantly reduced survival and an aggressive lymphoma phenotype. In the absence of recurrent mutations, we identified a profile of genomic aberrations intermediate between CLL and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Multiomics assessment by phosphoproteomic/proteomic and single-cell transcriptomic profiles of this Akt-induced murine RT revealed an S100 protein-defined subcluster of highly aggressive lymphoma cells that developed from CLL cells, through activation of Notch via Notch ligand expressed by T cells. Constitutively active Notch1 similarly induced RT of murine CLL. We identify Akt activation as an initiator of CLL transformation toward aggressive lymphoma by inducing Notch signaling between RT cells and microenvironmental T cells.

3.
Dtsch Arztebl Int ; 118(Forthcoming)2021 04 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33632384

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Follicular lymphoma (FL) occurs predominantly at advanced age, with an annual incidence of 3-5 cases per 100 000 inhabitants in Western countries. The clinical course is heterogeneous. METHODS: For this new guideline, systematic literature searches were conducted in medical databases (MEDLINE, PubMed Central) (up to November 2017) and in the Guidelines International Network (G-I-N), and recent publications were added. RESULTS: The results of 21 systematic reviews with meta-analyses, 75 randomized controlled trials, and 58 prospective and retrospective studies were evaluated. Lymph-node biopsy is necessary for initial diagnosis of FL. CT scanning of the neck, thorax, and abdomen should be performed to assess how far the disease has spread, together with bone marrow biopsy and, if required, PET/CT. In early FL (stages I and II; 10-15 %), potentially curative radiotherapy combined with an anti-CD 20 antibody is recommended. In advanced disease (stages III and IV), watchful waiting is indicated for patients who have no clinical symptoms and a low tumor burden. Patients with clinical symptoms and/or high tumor burden should receive chemotherapy in combination with an anti-CD 20 antibody, followed by 2 years' maintenance treatment with an anti-CD 20 antibody. CONCLUSION: Given the good long-term prognosis of FL, the treatment must be chosen with care and thorough follow-up is necessary to ensure detection of late sequelae such as second malignancies or organ damage.

4.
Virchows Arch ; 2021 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33528622

RESUMO

Chromosomal breakpoints involving the MYC gene locus, frequently referred to as MYC rearrangements (MYC - R+), are a diagnostic hallmark of Burkitt lymphoma and recurrent in many other subtypes of B-cell lymphomas including follicular lymphoma, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and other high-grade B-cell lymphomas and are associated with an aggressive clinical course. In remarkable contrast, in MCL, only few MYC - R+ cases have yet been described. In the current study, we have retrospectively analysed 16 samples (MYC - R+, n = 15, MYC - R-, n = 1) from 13 patients and describe their morphological, immunophenotypic and (molecular) genetic features and clonal evolution patterns. Thirteen out of fifteen MYC - R+ samples showed a non-classical cytology including pleomorphic (centroblastic, immunoblastic), anaplastic or blastoid. MYC translocation partners were IG-loci in 4/11 and non-IG loci in 7/11 analysed cases. The involved IG-loci included IGH in 3 cases and IGL in one case. PAX5 was the non-IG partner in 2/7 patients. The MYC - R+ MCL reported herein frequently displayed characteristics associated with an aggressive clinical course including high genomic-complexity (6/7 samples), frequent deletions involving the CDKN2A locus (7/10 samples), high Ki-67 proliferation index (12/13 samples) and frequent P53 expression (13/13 samples). Of note, in 4/14 samples, SOX11 was not or only focally expressed and 3/13 samples showed focal or diffuse TdT-positivity presenting a diagnostic challenge as these features could point to a differential diagnosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and/or lymphoblastic lymphoma/leukaemia.

6.
Int J Cancer ; 148(1): 150-160, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32638373

RESUMO

The sterile alpha motif and histidine-aspartic domain-containing protein 1 (SAMHD1) has been demonstrated to predict the response to high-dose cytarabine consolidation treatment in acute myeloid leukemia patients. Here, we evaluated SAMHD1 as potential biomarker for the response to high-dose cytarabine in mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) patients. We quantified SAMHD1 protein expression and determined the mutation status in patients of the MCL Younger and Elderly trials (n = 189), who had received high-dose cytarabine- or fludarabine-based polychemotherapy. Additionally, we quantified SAMHD1 expression in B cell lymphoma cell lines and exposed them to cytarabine, fludarabine, and clinically relevant combinations. Across both trials investigated, SAMHD1 mutations had a frequency of 7.1% (n = 13) and did not significantly affect the failure-free survival (FFS, P = .47). In patients treated with high-dose cytarabine- or fludarabine-containing regimes, SAMHD1 expression was not significantly associated with FFS or complete remission rate. SAMHD1 expression in B cell lymphoma cell lines, however, inversely correlated with their in vitro response to cytarabine as single agent (R = .65, P = .0065). This correlation could be reversed by combining cytarabine with other chemotherapeutics, such as oxaliplatin and vincristine, similar to the treatment regime of the MCL Younger trial. We conclude that this might explain why we did not observe a significant association between SAMHD1 protein expression and the outcome of MCL patients upon cytarabine-based treatment.

7.
J Med Case Rep ; 14(1): 245, 2020 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33339535

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whereas lymphoma of the female breast is already rare, lymphoma of the male breast has only anecdotally been reported. Within a study of 32 lymphoma of the breast reported between 1973 and 2014 as Burkitt lymphoma, we observed a single male case, which we report here. CASE PRESENTATION: A 72-years-old Caucasian man presented with a mass in his left breast. Clinical history included prior basal cell carcinoma, leiomyosarcoma, and administration of spironolactone. The reference pathology diagnosis at presentation was Burkitt lymphoma according to the Kiel Classification. The present re-investigation using fluorescence in situ hybridization revealed an IGH-MYC translocation and a break in the BCL2 locus in the tumor cells. Thus, in light of the current WHO classification, the diagnosis was revised to high-grade B-cell lymphoma with MYC and BCL2 rearrangement, Burkitt morphology (so-called "double-hit" lymphoma). Genome-wide chromosomal imbalance mapping revealed a complex pattern of aberrations in line with this diagnosis. The aberrations, including copy-number gains in chromosomes 3q and 18 and focal homozygous loss in 9p21.3, resembled typical changes of lymphomas affecting "immune-privileged" sites. CONCLUSION: The present case adds to the understanding of the pathogenesis of male breast lymphomas, about which hardly any molecular characterization has been published yet.

8.
Histopathology ; 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33165992

RESUMO

AIMS: Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is a rare aggressive B-cell lymphoma frequently arising at extranodal sites in the setting of immunosuppression. The diagnosis of PBL is complex, owing to a frequent solid or cohesive growth pattern and often unusual immunophenotype. Several case reports have described the expression of cytokeratins (CK) in PBL introducing a diagnostic pitfall. In the largest series available to date, our goal was to determine the frequency of CK reactivity in PBL. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using immunohistochemistry in a cohort of 72 PBL, we identified reactivity for CK8/18 in 11/72 cases (15%) and AE1/3 in 6/65 cases (9%), clearly contrasting with a control series of non-PBL aggressive B-cell lymphomas (1/96 diffuse large B-cell lymphomas), as well as with data in the literature describing only occasional CK expression in hematological neoplasms. CONCLUSIONS: Our data indicate reactivity for CK in a substantial number (15%) of PBL. In view of its particular morphological features and frequent negativity for the common leukocyte antigen and B-cell markers, this feature represents a pitfall in the routine diagnostic work-up of PBL and requires more extensive immunohistochemical and molecular characterization of cases entering the differential diagnosis.

9.
Blood ; 2020 11 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33140819

RESUMO

Richter's transformation (RT) is an aggressive lymphoma which occurs upon progression from chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Transformation has been associated with genetic aberrations in the CLL-phase involving TP53, CDKN2A, MYC, and NOTCH1, however a significant proportion of RT cases lack CLL-phase associated events. Here, we report that high levels of AKT phosphorylation occurs both in high-risk CLL patients harboring TP53 and NOTCH1 mutations as well as in RT patients. Genetic over-activation of Akt in the murine Eµ-TCL1 CLL mouse model resulted in CLL to RT with significantly reduced survival and an aggressive lymphoma phenotype. In the absence of recurrent mutations, we identified a profile of genomic aberrations intermediate between CLL and DLBCL. Multi-omics assessment by phosphoproteomic/proteomic and single-cell transcriptomic profiles of this Akt-induced murine RT revealed a S100-protein-defined subcluster of highly aggressive lymphoma cells, which developed from CLL cells, through activation of Notch via Notch ligand expressed by T cells. Constitutively active Notch1 similarly induced RT of murine CLL. We identify Akt activation as an initiator of CLL transformation towards aggressive lymphoma by inducing Notch signaling between RT cells and microenvironmental T cells.

10.
Blood ; 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33152759

RESUMO

T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL) is a heterogeneous malignancy of lymphoblasts committed to T-cell lineage. Dismal outcomes (15-30%) in case of T-LBL relapses warrants for establishing risk-based treatment in future. This is a first comprehensive, systematic, integrated genome-wide analysis including relapse cases aimed towards identifying molecular markers of prognostic relevance for T-LBL. NOTCH1 was identified as putative driver for T-LBL. Activated NOTCH/PI3K-AKT signaling axis and alterations in cell cycle regulators constitutes the core oncogenic program for T-LBL. Mutated KMT2D was identified as a prognostic marker. The cumulative incidence of relapse was 47±17% in patients with KMT2D mutations compared with 14±3% in KMT2D wildtype. Structural analysis of the mutated domains of KMT2D revealed plausible impact on the structure and functional consequences. These findings provide new insights into the pathogenesis of T-LBL including high translational potential. The ongoing trial LBL 2018 (NCT04043494) allows prospective validation and subsequent fine-tuning of the stratification criteria for T-LBL risk groups to improve survival of the pediatric patients.

11.
Blood ; 2020 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33113552

RESUMO

Classic Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) is the cancer type most susceptible to anti-programmed-death-receptor-1 (PD1) treatment and characterized by scarce Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg cells (HRSC) perpetuating a unique tumor microenvironment (TME). Whilst in solid tumors anti-PD1 effects appear largely mediated by cytotoxic CD8+ T-cells, HRSC frequently lack major histocompatibility complex expression and the mechanism of anti-PD1 efficacy in cHL is unclear. Rapid clinical response and high interim complete response rate to anti-PD1 based 1st-line treatment was recently reported for patients with early-stage unfavorable cHL treated in the GHSG phase II NIVAHL trial. To investigate the mechanisms underlying this very early response to anti-PD1 treatment, we analyzed paired biopsies and blood samples obtained in NIVAHL patients before and during the first days of nivolumab 1st-line cHL therapy. Mirroring the rapid clinical response, HRSC had disappeared from the tissue within days after the first nivolumab application. The TME shows a reduction of Tr1 T-cells and PD-L1+ tumor associated macrophages (TAM) already at this early timepoint of treatment. Interestingly, neither a cytotoxic immune-response nor a clonal T-cell expansion was observed in the tumors or peripheral blood. These early changes of the TMA were distinct from alterations found in a separate set of cHL biopsies at relapse during anti-PD1 therapy. We identify a unique very early histologic response pattern to anti-PD1 therapy in cHL suggestive for withdrawal of pro-survival factors rather than induction of an adaptive anti-tumor immune response as main mechanism of action.

12.
Cancers (Basel) ; 12(10)2020 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32987765

RESUMO

With the aim of describing the long-term follow-up and to define the prognostic role of the clinical/pathological/molecular characteristics at diagnosis for childhood, adolescent and young adults affected by anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL), we analyzed 420 patients aged up to 22 years homogeneously treated within the international ALCL99 trial. The 10-year progression free survival (PFS) was 70% and overall survival was 90%, rare late relapses occurred but no secondary malignancies were reported. Among clinical/pathological characteristics, only patients presenting a small cell/lymphohistiocytic (SC/LH) pattern were independently associated with risk of failure (hazard ratio = 2.49). Analysis of minimal disseminated disease (MDD), available for 162 patients, showed that both SC/LH pattern (hazard ratio = 2.4) and MDD positivity (hazard ratio = 2.15) were significantly associated with risk of failure in multivariate analysis. Considering MDD and SC/LH results, patients were separated into three biological/pathological (bp) risk groups: a high-risk group (bpHR) including MDD-positive patients with SC/LH pattern; a low-risk group (bpLR) including MDD-negative patients without SC/LH pattern; and an intermediate-risk group (bpIR) including remaining patients. The 10-year PFS was 40%, 75% and 86% for bpHR, bpIR and bpLR, respectively (p < 0.0001). These results should be considered in the design of future ALCL trials to tailor individual treatments.

13.
Blood Adv ; 4(18): 4451-4462, 2020 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32941649

RESUMO

High-dose therapy and autologous stem cell transplantation (HDT/ASCT) is an effective salvage treatment for eligible patients with follicular lymphoma (FL) and early progression of disease (POD). Since the introduction of rituximab, HDT/ASCT is no longer recommended in first remission. We here explored whether consolidative HDT/ASCT improved survival in defined subgroups of previously untreated patients. We report survival analyses of 431 patients who received frontline rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) for advanced FL, and were randomized to receive consolidative HDT/ASCT. We performed targeted genotyping of 157 diagnostic biopsies, and calculated genotype-based risk scores. HDT/ASCT improved failure-free survival (FFS; hazard ratio [HR], 0.8, P = .07; as-treated: HR, 0.7, P = .04), but not overall survival (OS; HR, 1.3, P = .27; as-treated: HR, 1.4, P = .13). High-risk cohorts identified by FL International Prognostic Index (FLIPI), and the clinicogenetic risk models m7-FLIPI and POD within 24 months-prognostic index (POD24-PI) comprised 27%, 18%, and 22% of patients. HDT/ASCT did not significantly prolong FFS in high-risk patients as defined by FLIPI (HR, 0.9; P = .56), m7-FLIPI (HR, 0.9; P = .91), and POD24-PI (HR, 0.8; P = .60). Similarly, OS was not significantly improved. Finally, we used a machine-learning approach to predict benefit from HDT/ASCT by genotypes. Patients predicted to benefit from HDT/ASCT had longer FFS with HDT/ASCT (HR, 0.4; P = .03), but OS did not reach statistical significance. Thus, consolidative HDT/ASCT after frontline R-CHOP did not improve OS in unselected FL patients and subgroups selected by genotype-based risk models.

14.
Hemasphere ; 4(3): e398, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32647802

RESUMO

In this phase I/II study, we explored the combination of Temsirolimus with Bendamustine and Rituximab (BeRT) in patients with relapsed or refractory (r/r) follicular lymphoma (FL) or mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). Patients with 1 to 3 previous therapies received Bendamustine (90 mg/m2, day 1 + 2) and Rituximab (375 mg/m2, day 1) with Temsirolimus in doses from 25 to 75 mg in phase I and 50 mg Temsirolimus in phase II, added on day 1, 8, 15 of a 28 days cycle. The primary endpoint of the phase II was ORR at the end of treatment. Overall, 39 (29 MCL, 10 FL) patients were included. Median age was 71 years and median pretreatment number was 2. Grade 3/4 non-hematologic adverse events were rare and included hyperglycemia in 3 patients (7%) and angioedema in 2 patients (5%). Infectious complications grade 3/4 were observed in 9 patients (23%). Hematologic grade 3/4 events included leukopenia in 22 (56%), neutropenia in 18 (46%), lymphopenia in 16 (41%) and thrombocytopenia in 14 patients (36%). An objective response (best response) was observed in 33/39 patients (89%; 24 MCL (89%) and 9 FL (90%)), including 14 CR (38%; 12 MCL (36%) and 2 FL (20%)). Median PFS is 1.5y for MCL and 1.82 years for FL, and median OS has not been reached for either entity. This data demonstrates promising efficacy of Temsirolimus in r/r MCL and FL with acceptable toxicity. The BeRT regimen may be used as a treatment option for both entities.

15.
Haematologica ; 2020 07 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32675228

RESUMO

It has been suggested that B-cell receptor (BCRs) stimulation by specific antigens plays a pathogenic role in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Here, it was the aim to screen for specific reactivities of DLBCL-BCRs in the spectrum of autoantigens and antigens of infectious origin. Arsenite resistance protein 2 (Ars2) was identified as the BCR target of 3/5 ABC-type DLBCL cell lines and 2/11 primary DLBCL cases. Compared to controls, Ars2 was hypo-phosphorylated exclusively in cases and cell lines with Ars2-specific BCRs. In a validation cohort, hypo-phosphorylated Ars2 was found in 8/31 ABC-type, but only 1/20 germinal center B cell (GBC)-like type DLBCL. Incubation with Ars2 induced BCR-pathway activation and increased proliferation, while an Ars2/ETA-toxin conjugate induced killing of cell lines with Ars2-reactive BCRs. Ars2 appears to play a role in a subgroup of ABC-type DLBCLs. Moreover, transformed DLBCL lines with Ars2-reactive BCRs still show growth advantage after incubation with Ars2. These results provide knowledge about the pathogenic role of a specific antigen stimulating the BCR pathway in DLCBL.

16.
Blood ; 136(14): 1657-1669, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32573700

RESUMO

Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a T-cell malignancy predominantly driven by a hyperactive anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) fusion protein. ALK inhibitors, such as crizotinib, provide alternatives to standard chemotherapy with reduced toxicity and side effects. Children with lymphomas driven by nucleophosmin 1 (NPM1)-ALK fusion proteins achieved an objective response rate to ALK inhibition therapy of 54% to 90% in clinical trials; however, a subset of patients progressed within the first 3 months of treatment. The mechanism for the development of ALK inhibitor resistance is unknown. Through genome-wide clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) activation and knockout screens in ALCL cell lines, combined with RNA sequencing data derived from ALK inhibitor-relapsed patient tumors, we show that resistance to ALK inhibition by crizotinib in ALCL can be driven by aberrant upregulation of interleukin 10 receptor subunit alpha (IL10RA). Elevated IL10RA expression rewires the STAT3 signaling pathway, bypassing otherwise critical phosphorylation by NPM1-ALK. IL-10RA expression does not correlate with response to standard chemotherapy in pediatric patients, suggesting that a combination of crizotinib and chemotherapy could prevent ALK inhibitor resistance-specific relapse.

17.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 67(8): e28416, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32452165

RESUMO

Pediatric-type follicular (PTFL), marginal zone (MZL), and peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) account each for <2% of childhood non-Hodgkin lymphoma. We present clinical and histopathological features of PTFL, MZL, and few subtypes of PTCL and provide treatment recommendations. For localized PTFL and MZL, watchful waiting after complete resection is the therapy of choice. For PTCL, therapy is subtype-dependent and ranges from a block-like anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL)-derived and, alternatively, leukemia-derived therapy in PTCL not otherwise specified and subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma to a block-like mature B-NHL-derived or, preferentially, ALCL-derived treatment followed by hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in first remission in hepatosplenic and angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B , Linfoma Folicular , Linfoma de Células T Periférico , Adolescente , Aloenxertos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/terapia , Linfoma Folicular/diagnóstico , Linfoma Folicular/terapia , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/terapia , Masculino
18.
Haematologica ; 2020 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32381573

RESUMO

A subset of patients with advanced-stage classical Hodgkin Lymphoma (cHL) relapse or progress following standard treatment. Given their dismal prognosis, identifying this group of patients upfront represents an important medical need. While prior research has identified characteristics of the tumor microenvironment, which are associated with cHL outcomes, biomarkers that are developed and validated in this high-risk group are still missing. Here, we applied whole-slide image analysis (WSI), a quantitative, large-scale assessment of tumor composition that utilizes conventional histopathology slides. We conducted WSI on a study cohort with pre-treatment biopsies of 340 advanced-stage cHL patients enrolled in the HD12 and HD15 trials of the German Hodgkin Study Group (GHSG), and tested our results in in a validation cohort of 147 advanced-stage cHL patients within the GHSG HD18 trial. All patients were treated with BEACOPP-based regimens. By quantifying T cells, B cells, Hodgkin-Reed-Sternberg-cells and macrophages with WSI, 80% of all cells in the tumor tissue were identified. Crucially, low B cell count was associated with significantly reduced progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS), while T cell-, macrophage- and Hodgkin-Reed-Sternberg-cell content was not associated with the risk of progression or relapse in the study cohort. We further validated low B cell content as a prognostic factor of PFS and OS in the validation cohort and demonstrate good inter-observer agreement of WSI. WSI may represent a key tool for risk stratification of advanced-stage cHL that can easily be added to the standard diagnostic histopathology work-up.

19.
JAMA Oncol ; 6(6): 872-880, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32352505

RESUMO

Importance: In early-stage unfavorable classic Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL), conventional therapy induces high cure rates but also relevant acute and long-term toxic effects. Nivolumab is well tolerated and highly effective in relapsed/refractory cHL but has not been adequately studied in first-line treatment of early-stage cHL. The NIVAHL trial evaluated nivolumab in this setting with the aim to develop a highly effective yet tolerable systemic therapy to ultimately mitigate morbidity in patients who survive cHL. Objective: To evaluate efficacy of 2 experimental nivolumab-based first-line treatment strategies in patients with early-stage unfavorable cHL. Design, Setting, and Participants: This was an open-label, multicenter, phase 2 randomized clinical trial, open between April 2017 and October 2018. The trial took place at 35 trial centers across Germany, ranging from academic centers to private offices. Eligibility was defined by age 18 to 60 years, cHL confirmed by expert pathology review, early-stage unfavorable disease by German Hodgkin Study Group criteria (stage I to II with risk factor[s]), and absence of serious concomitant disease or organ dysfunction. Among 110 enrolled patients, 109 were eligible. Interventions: Systemic therapy, per random assignment (1:1) to either concomitant treatment with 4 cycles of nivolumab and doxorubicin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (N-AVD) or sequential treatment with 4 doses of nivolumab, 2 cycles of N-AVD, and 2 cycles of AVD at standard doses, followed by 30-Gy involved-site radiotherapy. Main Outcomes and Measures: Complete remission (CR) rate after study treatment, aiming at excluding a CR rate of 80% or lower via a 2-sided 95% CI for each treatment group. Results: Of 109 patients included in this study, 65 (59.6%) were women, and the median (range) age was 27 (18-60) years. At interim staging after 2 cycles of N-AVD or 4 doses of nivolumab monotherapy, 54 of 54 (100%) and 49 of 51 (96%) response-eligible patients, respectively, achieved an objective response, with CR in 47 (87%) and 26 (51%) patients, respectively. Among 101 patients eligible for primary end point analysis, 46 of 51 (90%; 95% CI, 79%-97%) patients receiving concomitant therapy and 47 of 50 (94%; 95% CI, 84%-99%) patients receiving sequential therapy achieved CR after study treatment. With a median follow-up of 13 months, 12-month progression-free survival was 100% for patients receiving concomitant treatment and 98% (95% CI, 95%-100%) for patients receiving sequential therapy. Conclusions and Relevance: Both strategies combining nivolumab and AVD are feasible and resulted in high remission rates. Despite narrowly missing the efficacy benchmark in the concomitant group, the excellent 12-month progression-free survival and the unexpectedly high CR rate after 4 doses of nivolumab monotherapy warrant further evaluation of this approach in the first-line treatment of patients with early-stage cHL. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03004833.

20.
Haematologica ; 2020 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32354870

RESUMO

Interactions of malignant multiple myeloma (MM) plasma cells (MM-cells) with the microenvironment control MM-cell growth, survival, drug-resistance and dissemination. As in MM microvascular density increases in the bone marrow (BM), we investigated whether BM MM endothelial cells (MMECs) control disease progression via the junctional adhesion molecule A (JAM-A). Membrane and cytoplasmic JAM-A levels were upregulated in MMECs in 111 newly diagnosed (NDMM) and 201 relapsed-refractory (RRMM) patients compared to monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) and healthy controls. Elevated membrane expression of JAM-A on MMECs predicted poor clinical outcome. Mechanistically, addition of recombinant JAM-A to MMECs increased angiogenesis whereas its inhibition impaired angiogenesis and MM growth in 2D and 3D in vitro cell culture and chorioallantoic membrane-assays. To corroborate these findings, we treated MM bearing mice with JAM-A blocking mAb and demonstrated impaired MM progression corresponding to decreased MM-related vascularity. These findings support JAM-A as an important mediator of MM progression through facilitating MM-associated angiogenesis. Collectively, elevated JAM-A expression on bone marrow endothelial cells is an independent prognostic factor for patient survival in both NDMM and RRMM. Blocking JAM-A restricts angiogenesis in vitro, in embrio and in vivo and represents a suitable druggable molecule to halt neoangiogenesis and MM progression.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...