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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851522

RESUMO

Objectives: To examine metabolic monitoring rates in commercially insured children and adolescents treated with a second-generation antipsychotic (SGA) during calendar years (CYs) 2016 and 2017. Methods: In this retrospective study, data were collected from a large national commercial health plan for the period covering January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2017. Commercially insured children and adolescents, aged 8-19 years with ≥2 SGA prescription claims during the CY, were identified for the CY2016 and CY2017 cohorts. The primary outcome of interest was the percentage of subjects with any glucose or lipid metabolism parameter monitoring. Other calculated metabolic testing rates included glucose, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), other cholesterol (including triglycerides), and combined glucose and lipid metabolism testing (≥1 test for blood glucose or HbA1c and ≥1 test for LDL-C or other cholesterol). Results: In CY2016 and CY2017, 1502 and 1239 subjects, respectively, were identified for this study. The most common psychiatric diagnoses in CY2016 and CY2017 were major depressive disorder (57.1%, 56.5%, respectively), anxiety disorders (42.9%, 47.5%), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (41.6%, 45.8%), and bipolar disorder (24.1%, 25.9%). The rate of any metabolic testing was 53.5% in CY2016 and 51.3% in CY2017. Glucose testing (50.3%, 46.9%, respectively) was most common in both CYs, followed by LDL-C testing (31.2%, 28.5%). Rates of combined glucose and lipid metabolism testing were 30.7% in CY2016 and 26.9% in CY2017. Conclusions: Given the known potential for adverse cardiometabolic effects, rates of metabolic monitoring associated with SGA use in children and adolescents urgently need to be improved. There is a critical need for understanding barriers to routine monitoring, particularly of lipids, and developing interventions to enhance metabolic monitoring.

2.
J Affect Disord ; 242: 1-4, 2019 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30153563

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Identifying correlates of capacity to provide informed consent among individuals with bipolar disorder is essential for patient protection. As part of a clinical trial involving approved, standard treatments, we investigated relationships between clinical characteristics and capacity to provide informed consent in adults with bipolar disorder using the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool for Clinical Research (MacCAT-CR). After administering the MacCAT-CR, continuing participants in the trial were capable of and provided informed consent. METHODS: Trained, board-certified psychiatrists administered the MacCAT-CR to potential study participants (N = 50) after they provided informed consent, but prior to initiation of study procedures. RESULTS: Higher Schedule for Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) scores were significantly correlated with worse MacCAT-CR Understanding and Appreciation (p < 0.04) subscale scores; lower Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) scores and higher Clinical Global Impression-Severity (CGI-S) scores were significantly correlated with worse Reasoning and Understanding subscale scores (p < 0.03); and patients with comorbid substance use disorders (SUD) had better Appreciation and Reasoning subscale scores (p < 0.05). LIMITATIONS: The MacCAT-CR identifies areas where participants need explanation. However, there is not a predetermined score to indicate understanding of study procedures and therefore input from a trained clinician is needed to determine capacity to provide informed consent. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that certain measures of illness severity are associated with lower levels of capacity to provide informed consent among adults with bipolar disorder. This study provides important information for clinicians and researchers to consider when obtaining informed consent in this population.


Assuntos
Transtorno Bipolar/psicologia , Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido/psicologia , Competência Mental/psicologia , Adulto , Tomada de Decisões , Feminino , Humanos , Testes de Inteligência , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resolução de Problemas
3.
Psychiatry Res ; 223(3): 268-70, 2014 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25035298

RESUMO

This preliminary study investigated the neurofunctional effects of carbamazepine-extended release (XR) treatment in 11 manic youth with bipolar disorder during performance of a sustained attention task, the Continuous Performance Task - Identical Pairs version (CPT-IP), during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). All patients underwent baseline fMRI, and 10 patients were scanned again at endpoint. Nine demographically matched healthy youth, who were scanned once, served as controls. Carbamazepine-XR treatment was associated with normalization of activation in right Brodmann area 10 (BA). These results suggest that carbamazepine-XR treatment may correct prefrontal dysfunction in adolescent mania.


Assuntos
Antimaníacos/farmacologia , Atenção , Carbamazepina/farmacologia , Córtex Pré-Frontal/efeitos dos fármacos , Córtex Pré-Frontal/fisiopatologia , Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas , Adolescente , Atenção/efeitos dos fármacos , Transtorno Bipolar , Córtex Cerebral/efeitos dos fármacos , Córtex Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino
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