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1.
Genomics ; 2020 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33279651

RESUMO

A new strain belonging to the genus Kocuria, designed PT10, was isolated from irradiated roots of the xerophyte Panicum turgidum. Isolate PT10 is a Gram-positive, coccoid, aerobic and ionizing-radiation (IR)-resistant actinobacterium. PT10 has shown an ability to survive under extreme conditions, such as gamma irradiation, desiccation and high concentration of hydrogen peroxide. Phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and comparative genome analyses support the assignment of strain PT10 (LMG 31102 = DSM 108617) as Kocuria rhizophila. The complete genome sequence of PT10 consists of one chromosome (2,656,287 bps), with a 70.7% G + C content and comprises 2481 protein-coding sequences. A total of 1487 proteins were identified by LC-MS/MS profiling. In silico analyses revealed that the proteome of the oxidation-tolerant PT10 possesses several features explaining its IR-resistant phenotype and many adaptive pathways implicated in response to environmental pressures - desiccation, cold, reactive oxygen species and other stressors.

3.
Microorganisms ; 8(10)2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019781

RESUMO

Strains 335427T and 234509T, isolated from two 76-year-old patients with chronic pulmonary diseases, were the subject of polyphasic taxonomic studies and comparative genomic analyses for virulence factors. The 16 rRNA gene sequence similarity between strains 335427T and 234509T and their closest phylogenetic neighbors Nocardia asiatica NBRC 100129T and Nocardia abscessus NBRC 100374T were 99.5% and 100%, respectively. Digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between the aforementioned studied strains were well below the 70% threshold for assigning prokaryotic strains to a novel species. Strains 335427T and 234509T have genome sizes of 8.49 Mpb and 8.07 Mpb, respectively, with G + C content of 68.5%. Isolate 335427T has C16:0, C18:1 ω9c, C18:0 and C18:0 10 methyl as major fatty acids (>15%) and mycolic acids formed of 52-54 carbon atoms. However, only C18:1 ω9c was detected for isolate 234509T, which had mycolic acids with 44-56 carbon. Based on phenotypic and genetic data, strains 335427T (DSM 109819T = CECT 9924T) and 234509T (DSM 111366T = CECT 30129T) merit recognition as novel species, which are named Nocardia barduliensis sp. nov. and Nocardia gipuzkoensis sp. nov., respectively. All the strains studied had homologous VF-associated genes to those described in M. tuberculosis, including experimentally verified virulence genes in humans related to tuberculosis. The narGHIJ (nitrate reduction pathway) and gvpAFGOJLMK (gas vesicles) genetic maps of strains 335427T, 234509T, NBRC 100129T and NBRC 100374T showed the same syntenic block and raise the question of whether their functions are interlinked during the infection of the human host. However, further research is required to decipher the role of the gas vesicle in the pathogenicity mechanism of Nocardia spp.

4.
Appl Environ Microbiol ; 86(24)2020 11 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008825

RESUMO

Natural attenuation of heavy metals occurs via coupled microbial iron cycling and metal precipitation in creeks impacted by acid mine drainage (AMD). Here, we describe the isolation, characterization, and genomic sequencing of two iron-oxidizing bacteria (FeOB) species: Thiomonas ferrovorans FB-6 and Thiomonas metallidurans FB-Cd, isolated from slightly acidic (pH 6.3), Fe-rich, AMD-impacted creek sediments. These strains precipitated amorphous iron oxides, lepidocrocite, goethite, and magnetite or maghemite and grew at a pH optimum of 5.5. While Thiomonas spp. are known as mixotrophic sulfur oxidizers and As oxidizers, the FB strains oxidized Fe, which suggests they can efficiently remove Fe and other metals via coprecipitation. Previous evidence for Thiomonas sp. Fe oxidation is largely ambiguous, possibly because of difficulty demonstrating Fe oxidation in heterotrophic/mixotrophic organisms. Therefore, we also conducted a genomic analysis to identify genetic mechanisms of Fe oxidation, other metal transformations, and additional adaptations, comparing the two FB strain genomes with 12 other Thiomonas genomes. The FB strains fall within a relatively novel group of Thiomonas strains that includes another strain (b6) with solid evidence of Fe oxidation. Most Thiomonas isolates, including the FB strains, have the putative iron oxidation gene cyc2, but only the two FB strains possess the putative Fe oxidase genes mtoAB The two FB strain genomes contain the highest numbers of strain-specific gene clusters, greatly increasing the known Thiomonas genetic potential. Our results revealed that the FB strains are two distinct novel species of Thiomonas with the genetic potential for bioremediation of AMD via iron oxidation.IMPORTANCE As AMD moves through the environment, it impacts aquatic ecosystems, but at the same time, these ecosystems can naturally attenuate contaminated waters via acid neutralization and catalyzing metal precipitation. This is the case in the former Ronneburg uranium-mining district, where AMD impacts creek sediments. We isolated and characterized two iron-oxidizing Thiomonas species that are mildly acidophilic to neutrophilic and that have two genetic pathways for iron oxidation. These Thiomonas species are well positioned to naturally attenuate AMD as it discharges across the landscape.

5.
Extremophiles ; 2020 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33104875

RESUMO

A novel strain of the genus Promicromonospora, designated PT9T, was recovered from irradiated roots of the xerophyte Panicum turgidum collected from the Ksar Ghilane oasis in southern Tunisia. Strain PT9T is aerobic, non-spore-forming, Gram- positive actinomycete that produces branched hyphae and forms white to yellowish-white colonies. Chemotaxonomic features, including fatty acids, whole cell sugars and polar lipid profiles, support the assignment of PT9T to the genus Promicromonospora. The genomic relatedness indexes based on DNA-DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity values revealed a significant genomic divergence between strain PT9T and all sequenced type strains of the taxon. Phylogenomic analysis showed that isolate PT9T was most closely related to Promicromonospora soli CGMCC 4.7398T. Phenotypic and phylogenomic analyses suggest that isolate PT9T represents a novel species of the genus Promicromonospora, for which the name Promicromonospora panici sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is PT9T (LMG 31103T = DSM 108613T).The isolate PT9T is an ionizing-radiation-resistant actinobacterium (D10 value = 2.6 kGy), with resistance to desiccation and hydrogen peroxide. The complete genome sequence of PT9T consists of 6,582,650 bps with 71.2% G+C content and 6291 protein-coding sequences. This genome will help to decipher the microbial genetic bases for ionizing-radiation resistance mechanisms including the response to oxidative stress.

6.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(9): 4874-4882, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32821037

RESUMO

A polyphasic study was undertaken to establish the position of a Streptomyces strain, isolate PRKS01-65T, recovered from sand dune soil collected at Parangkusumo, Yogyakarta Province, Java, Indonesia. A combination of chemotaxonomic, cultural and morphological properties confirmed its position in the genus of Streptomyces. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses showed that the isolate was most closely related to Streptomyces leeuwenhoekii C34T (99.9 % similarity) and loosely associated with the type strains of Streptomyces chiangmaiensis (98.7 % similarity) and Streptomyces glomeratus (98.9 % similarity). Multilocus sequence analyses based on five conserved housekeeping gene alleles confirmed the close relationship between the isolate and S. leeuwenhoekii C34T, although both strains belonged to a well-supported clade that encompassed the type strains of S. glomeratus, Streptomyces griseomycini, Streptomyces griseostramineus, Streptomyces labedae, Streptomyces lomondensis and Streptomyces spinoverrucosus. A comparison of the draft genome sequence generated for the isolate with corresponding whole genome sequences of its closest phylogenomic neighbours showed that it formed a well-separated lineage with S. leeuwenhoekii C34T. These strains can also be distinguished using a combination of phenotypic properties and by average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization similarities of 94.3 and 56 %, values consistent with their classification in different species. Based on this wealth of data it is proposed that isolate PRKS01-65T (=NCIMB 15211T=CCMM B1302T=ICEBB-03T) be classified as Streptomyces harenosi sp. nov. The genome of the isolate contains several biosynthetic gene clusters with the potential to produce new natural products.


Assuntos
Filogenia , Areia/microbiologia , Microbiologia do Solo , Streptomyces/classificação , Genes Bacterianos , Indonésia , Família Multigênica , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Streptomyces/isolamento & purificação
7.
Nat Microbiol ; 5(8): 987-994, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32514073

RESUMO

The assembly of single-amplified genomes (SAGs) and metagenome-assembled genomes (MAGs) has led to a surge in genome-based discoveries of members affiliated with Archaea and Bacteria, bringing with it a need to develop guidelines for nomenclature of uncultivated microorganisms. The International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (ICNP) only recognizes cultures as 'type material', thereby preventing the naming of uncultivated organisms. In this Consensus Statement, we propose two potential paths to solve this nomenclatural conundrum. One option is the adoption of previously proposed modifications to the ICNP to recognize DNA sequences as acceptable type material; the other option creates a nomenclatural code for uncultivated Archaea and Bacteria that could eventually be merged with the ICNP in the future. Regardless of the path taken, we believe that action is needed now within the scientific community to develop consistent rules for nomenclature of uncultivated taxa in order to provide clarity and stability, and to effectively communicate microbial diversity.


Assuntos
Archaea/classificação , Bactérias/classificação , Archaea/genética , Bactérias/genética , DNA Bacteriano , Metagenoma , Filogenia , Células Procarióticas/classificação , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Terminologia como Assunto
8.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(5): 3287-3294, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32375987

RESUMO

Strain RA15T was isolated from the rhizosphere of the halophyte plant Arthrocnemum macrostachyum growing in the Odiel marshes (Huelva, Spain). RA15T cells were Gram stain-negative, non-spore-forming, aerobic rods and formed cream-coloured, opaque, mucoid, viscous, convex, irregular colonies with an undulate margin. Optimal growth conditions were observed on tryptic soy agar (TSA) plates supplemented with 2.5 % NaCl (w/v) at pH 7.0 and 28 °C, although it was able to grow at 4-32 °C and at pH values of 5.0-9.0. The NaCl tolerance range was from 0 to 15 %. The major respiratory quinone was Q8 but Q9 was also present. The most abundant fatty acids were summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c), C17 : 1 ω8c and C16 : 0. The polar lipids profile comprised phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine as the most abundant representatives. Phylogenetic analyses confirmed the well-supported affiliation of strain RA15T within the genus Pseudoalteromonas, close to the type strains of Pseudoalteromonas neustonica, Pseudoalteromonas prydzensis and Pseudoalteromonas mariniglutinosa. Results of comparative phylogenetic and phenotypic studies between strain RA15T and its closest related species suggest that RA15T could be a new representative of the genus Pseudoalteromonas, for which the name Pseudoalteromonas rhizosphaerae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is RA15T (=CECT 9079T=LMG 29860T). The whole genome has 5.3 Mb and the G+C content is 40.4 mol%.


Assuntos
Biodegradação Ambiental , Chenopodiaceae/microbiologia , Filogenia , Pseudoalteromonas/classificação , Rizosfera , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pseudoalteromonas/isolamento & purificação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Plantas Tolerantes a Sal/microbiologia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Espanha , Ubiquinona/química , Áreas Alagadas
9.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 113(6): 791-801, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32060815

RESUMO

A novel actinobacterial strain, designated NA12T, was isolated from coastal sediment sample of Nemrut Lake, a crater lake in eastern Anatolia, Turkey. The taxonomic position of the strain was established using a polyphasic approach. Cultural and chemotaxonomic characteristics of the strain were consistent with its classification within the family Micromonosporaceae. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis of strain NA12T showed that the strain closely related to M. radicis AZ1-13T, M. zingiberis PLAI 1-1T, M. craniella LHW63014T and M. endophytica 202201T with pairwise sequence identity values ranging from 99.4 to 99.3%. Digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain NA12T and the closely related type strains were ranged from 41.0 to 18.3% while the average nucleotide identity values were between 87.3 and 86.5%, which are well below the designed cut-off points of 70 and 95%, respectively. The G + C content of genomic DNA was 71.5%. Whole-cell hydrolysates of strain NA12T contained 3-hydroxydiaminopimelic acid and meso-diaminopimelic acid. Cell-wall sugars were composed of arabinose, fucose, glucose, mannose, rhamnose and xylose. The polar lipid profile contained phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylglycerol, glycophospholipid, amino-phospholipid and two unidentified phospholipids. The predominant menaquinones were MK-9(H6) and MK-9(H4). Major fatty acids were iso-C16:0 and C17:1ω8c. Based upon the consensus of phenotypic and phylogenetic analyses as well as whole genome comparisons, strain NA12T (DSM 100982T = KCTC 39647T) is proposed to represent the type strain of a novel species, Micromonospora craterilacus sp. nov.

10.
BMC Genomics ; 21(1): 24, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914924

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The genus Trichococcus currently contains nine species: T. flocculiformis, T. pasteurii, T. palustris, T. collinsii, T. patagoniensis, T. ilyis, T. paludicola, T. alkaliphilus, and T. shcherbakoviae. In general, Trichococcus species can degrade a wide range of carbohydrates. However, only T. pasteurii and a non-characterized strain of Trichococcus, strain ES5, have the capacity of converting glycerol to mainly 1,3-propanediol. Comparative genomic analysis of Trichococcus species provides the opportunity to further explore the physiological potential and uncover novel properties of this genus. RESULTS: In this study, a genotype-phenotype comparative analysis of Trichococcus strains was performed. The genome of Trichococcus strain ES5 was sequenced and included in the comparison with the other nine type strains. Genes encoding functions related to e.g. the utilization of different carbon sources (glycerol, arabinan and alginate), antibiotic resistance, tolerance to low temperature and osmoregulation could be identified in all the sequences analysed. T. pasteurii and Trichococcus strain ES5 contain a operon with genes encoding necessary enzymes for 1,3-PDO production from glycerol. All the analysed genomes comprise genes encoding for cold shock domains, but only five of the Trichococcus species can grow at 0 °C. Protein domains associated to osmoregulation mechanisms are encoded in the genomes of all Trichococcus species, except in T. palustris, which had a lower resistance to salinity than the other nine studied Trichococcus strains. CONCLUSIONS: Genome analysis and comparison of ten Trichococcus strains allowed the identification of physiological traits related to substrate utilization and environmental stress resistance (e.g. to cold and salinity). Some substrates were used by single species, e.g. alginate by T. collinsii and arabinan by T. alkaliphilus. Strain ES5 may represent a subspecies of Trichococcus flocculiformis and contrary to the type strain (DSM 2094T), is able to grow on glycerol with the production of 1,3-propanediol.


Assuntos
Carnobacteriaceae/genética , Carnobacteriaceae/fisiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Carnobacteriaceae/metabolismo , Fenótipo , Filogenia , Propilenoglicóis/metabolismo , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
11.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 113(4): 521-532, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31768782

RESUMO

A novel Gram-negative, aerobic, motile and rod-shaped bacterium with the potential to biodegrade polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, was isolated from Khazar (Caspian) Sea. Strain TBZ2T grows in the absence of NaCl and tolerates up to 8.5% NaCl. Growth occurred at pH 3.0-10.0 (optimum, pH 6.0-7.0) and 10-45 °C (optimum, 30 °C). The major fatty acids are C18:1ω7C, C16:1ω7C/ C15:0 iso 2-OH, C16:0, C12:0, C10:0 3-OH, C12:0 3-OH. The major polar lipids include diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine and the predominant respiratory quinone is ubiquinone Q-9. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain TBZ2T is a member of the genus Pseudomonas with the highest similarity to P. oleovorans subsp. oleovorans DSM 1045T (98.83%), P. mendocina NBRC 14162T (98.63%), P. oleovorans subsp. lubricantis RS1T (98.61%) and P. alcaliphila JCM 10630T (98.49%) based on EzBioCloud server. Phylogenetic analyses using housekeeping genes (16S rRNA, rpoD, gyrB and rpoB) and genome sequences demonstrated that the strain TBZ2T formed a distinct branch closely related to the type strains of P. mendocina and P. guguanensis. Digital DNA-DNA hybridisation and average nucleotide identity values between strain TBZ2T and its closest relatives, P. mendocina NBRC 14162T (25.3%, 81.5%) and P. guguanensis JCM 18146T (26.8%, 79.0%), rate well below the designed threshold for assigning prokaryotic strains to the same species. On the basis of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, genomic and phylogenetic results, it is recommended that strain TBZ2T is a novel species of the genus Pseudomonas, for which the name Pseudomonas khazarica sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain is TBZ2T (= LMG 29674T = KCTC 52410T).


Assuntos
Mar Cáspio , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/metabolismo , Pseudomonas/genética , Pseudomonas/metabolismo , Adaptação Fisiológica , Genoma Bacteriano , Filogenia , Pseudomonas/classificação , Pseudomonas/isolamento & purificação , Especificidade da Espécie , Água/química
12.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 113(3): 397-405, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31630299

RESUMO

A novel actinobacterial strain, designated S2509T, was isolated from marine sediment collected by a dredge at a depth of 45 m along Melet River offshore of the southern Black Sea coast, Ordu, Turkey. The cell wall peptidoglycan of strain was found to contain meso-diaminopimelic acid and 3-OH-diaminopimelic acid. The whole cell sugars detected were arabinose, glucose, rhamnose, ribose and xylose. The diagnostic phospholipids of strain S2509T were found to be diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, a glycolipid and two unidentified phospholipids. The predominant menaquinones were identified as MK-9(H8), MK-9(H6), MK-10(H8), MK-9(H4), MK-10(H4) and MK-10(H6). The major cellular fatty acids were found to be iso-C16:0, iso-C15:0 and 10-methyl C17:0. The taxonomic position of the strain was established using a polyphasic approach, showing that S2509T strain belongs to the genus Micromonospora. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain S2509T showed that it is closely related to the type strain of Micromonospora chokoriensis DSM 45160T (99.37% sequence similarity), and phylogenetically clustered with Micromonospora inaquosa LB39T (99.37%), Micromonospora lupini Lupac 14NT (99.16%), Micromonospora violae NEAU-zh8T (99.23%) and Micromonospora taraxaci NEAU-P5T (99.03%). The phylogenetic analysis based on the gyrB gene sequence of strain S2509T confirmed its close relationship with M. chokoriensis JCM 13247T (96.5% sequence similarity). Whole genome sequences confirmed by digital DNA-DNA hybridization analysis that the strain S2509T represents a novel species in the genus Micromonospora, for which the name Micromonospora orduensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is S2509T (=DSM 45926T = KCTC 29201T).


Assuntos
Organismos Aquáticos , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Micromonospora/classificação , Micromonospora/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Genoma Bacteriano , Genômica/métodos , Micromonospora/genética , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Microbiologia do Solo
13.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(1): 636-647, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31693475

RESUMO

Five actinobacteria isolates, KC201T, KC401, KC310T, KC712T and 6K102T, were recovered from the Karakum Desert during an investigation of novel actinobacteria with biotechnological potential. A polyphasic approach confirmed the affiliation of the strains to the genus Nonomuraea. The strains showed chemotaxonomic and morphological properties consistent with their classification in the genus Nonomuraea. Furthermore, these strains clearly distinguished and formed well supperted clades in phylogenetic and phylogenomic trees. Low ANI and dDDH values and distinguishing phenotypic properties between isolates KC201T, KC310T, KC712T and 6K102T showed that these strains belonged to novel Nonomuraea species, the names proposed for these taxa are Nonomuraea deserti sp. nov., Nonomuraea diastatica sp. nov., Nonomuraea longispora sp. nov. and Nonomuraea mesophila sp. nov., with the type strains KC310T (=CGMCC 4.7331T =DSM 102919T =KCTC 39774T), KC712T (=CGMCC 4.7334T =DSM 102925T =KCTC 39776), KC201T (=CGMCC 4.7339T =DSM 102917T =KCTC 39781T) and 6K102T (=CGMCC 4.7541T =JCM 32916), respectively.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Clima Desértico , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Turcomenistão , Vitamina K 2/química
14.
Arch Microbiol ; 202(4): 815-824, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31844948

RESUMO

Kiloniella laminariae is a true marine bacterium and the first member of the family and order, the Kiloniellaceae and Kiloniellales. K. laminariae LD81T (= DSM 19542T) was isolated from the marine macroalga Saccharina latissima and is a mesophilic, typical marine chemoheterotrophic aerobic bacterium with antifungal activity. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed the similarity of K. laminariae LD81T not only with three validly described species of the genus Kiloniella, but also with undescribed isolates and clone sequences from marine samples in the range of 93.6-96.7%. We report on the analysis of the draft genome of this alphaproteobacterium and describe some selected features. The 4.4 Mb genome has a G + C content of 51.4%, contains 4213 coding sequences including 51 RNA genes as well as 4162 protein-coding genes, and is a part of the Genomic Encyclopaedia of Bacteria and Archaea (GEBA) project. The genome provides insights into a number of metabolic properties, such as carbon and sulfur metabolism, and indicates the potential for denitrification and the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites. Comparative genome analysis was performed with K. laminariae LD81T and the animal-associated species Kiloniella majae M56.1T from a spider crab, Kiloniella spongiae MEBiC09566T from a sponge as well as Kiloniella litopenai P1-1 from a white shrimp, which all inhabit quite different marine habitats. The analysis revealed that the K. laminariae LD81T contains 1397 unique genes, more than twice the amount of the other species. Unique among others is a mixed PKS/NRPS biosynthetic gene cluster with similarity to the biosynthetic gene cluster responsible for the production of syringomycin.


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/genética , Organismos Aquáticos/genética , Genômica , Filogenia , Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Animais , Organismos Aquáticos/classificação , Organismos Aquáticos/microbiologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Composição de Bases , Feófitas/microbiologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Especificidade da Espécie
15.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(1): 220-227, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31535966

RESUMO

Strain EAR18T was isolated as an endophyte from the roots of a halophyte plant, Arthrocnemum macrostachyum, growing in the Odiel marshes (Huelva, Spain). Cells of strain EAR18T were Gram- stain-negative, motile, non-spore-forming aerobic rods. It grew optimally on tryptic soy agar supplemented with 2.5 % NaCl (w/v), at pH 7 and 30 °C for 48 h. It tolerated NaCl from 0 to 25 % (w/v). It presented Q9 as the major quinone and C19 : 0 cyclo ω8c, summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c) and C16 : 0 as the predominant fatty acids. The polar lipid profile consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and four unidentified phospholipids. The results of phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain EAR18T formed a well-supported clade with species Halomonas zincidurans B6T and Halomonas xinjiangensis TRM 0175T (similarities of 98.3 and 96.1 % respectively). Furthermore, digital DNA-DNA hybridization analysis resulted in values of 20.4 % with H. xinjiangensis TRM 0175T and 35.50 % with H. zincidurans B6T, and ANIb/ANIm results in values of 73.8 %/84.2 % with H. xinjiangensis TRM 0175T and 86.8 %/89.4 % with H. zincidurans B6T. Based on phylogeny and differential phenotypic properties in comparison with its closest related species, strain EAR18T is suggested to represent a new species in the genus Halomonas, for which the name Halomonas radicis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is EAR18T (=CECT 9077T=LMG 29859T). The whole genome was sequenced, and it had a total length of 4.6 Mbp and a G+C content of 64.9 mol%.


Assuntos
Chenopodiaceae/microbiologia , Halomonas/classificação , Filogenia , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , Áreas Alagadas , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Endófitos/classificação , Endófitos/isolamento & purificação , Ácidos Graxos/química , Halomonas/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Plantas Tolerantes a Sal/microbiologia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Espanha
16.
Sci Data ; 6(1): 285, 2019 11 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31772173

RESUMO

Metagenomic sequence data from defined mock communities is crucial for the assessment of sequencing platform performance and downstream analyses, including assembly, binning and taxonomic assignment. We report a comparison of shotgun metagenome sequencing and assembly metrics of a defined microbial mock community using the Oxford Nanopore Technologies (ONT) MinION, PacBio and Illumina sequencing platforms. Our synthetic microbial community BMock12 consists of 12 bacterial strains with genome sizes spanning 3.2-7.2 Mbp, 40-73% GC content, and 1.5-7.3% repeats. Size selection of both PacBio and ONT sequencing libraries prior to sequencing was essential to yield comparable relative abundances of organisms among all sequencing technologies. While the Illumina-based metagenome assembly yielded good coverage with few misassemblies, contiguity was greatly improved by both, Illumina + ONT and Illumina + PacBio hybrid assemblies but increased misassemblies, most notably in genomes with high sequence similarity to each other. Our resulting datasets allow evaluation and benchmarking of bioinformatics software on Illumina, PacBio and ONT platforms in parallel.


Assuntos
Metagenoma , Microbiota , Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos , Bactérias/classificação , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala
17.
Microbiol Resour Announc ; 8(43)2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31649081

RESUMO

Biological Mn(II) oxidation produces reactive manganese oxides that help to mitigate metal contamination in the environment. Here, we present the genome of Oxalobacteraceae sp. strain AB_14, a species of Mn(II)-oxidizing bacteria (MOB) that is notable for its ability to catalyze Mn oxidation at low pH (5.5).

18.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(11): 3426-3436, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395106

RESUMO

A Micromonospora strain, designated 5R2A7T, isolated from a high altitude Atacama Desert soil was examined by using a polyphasic approach. Strain 5R2A7T was found to have morphological, chemotaxonomic and cultural characteristics typical of members of the genus Micromonospora. The cell wall contains meso- and hydroxy-diaminopimelic acid, the major whole-cell sugars are glucose, ribose and xylose, the predominant menaquinones MK-10(H4), MK-10(H6), MK-10(H8) and MK-9(H6), the major polar lipids diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol and an unknown glycolipid, and the predominant cellular fatty acids iso-C16 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 and 10-methyl C17 : 0. The digital genomic DNA G+C content is 72.3 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that strain 5R2A7T was closely related to Micromonospora coriariae DSM 44875T (99.8 %) and Micromonospora cremea CR30T (99.7 %), and was separated readily from the latter, its closest phylogenetic neighbour, based on gyrB and multilocus sequence data, by low average nucleotide identity (92.59 %) and in silico DNA-DNA relatedness (51.7 %) values calculated from draft genome assemblies and by a range of chemotaxonomic and phenotypic properties. Consequently, strain 5R2A7T is considered to represent a novel species of Micromonospora for which the name Micromonospora acroterricola sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 5R2A7T (=LMG 30755T=CECT 9656T).


Assuntos
Altitude , Clima Desértico , Micromonospora/classificação , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Parede Celular/química , Chile , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Micromonospora/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/química
19.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(11): 3465-3471, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31460855

RESUMO

A polyphasic study was undertaken to establish the taxonomic provenance of a rapidly growing Mycolicibacterium strain, CECT 8783T, recovered from the plant Stellera chamaejasme L. in Yunnan Province, China. Phylogenetic analyses based upon 16S rRNA and whole-genome sequences showed that the strain formed a distinct branch within the evolutionary radiation of the genus Mycolicibacterium. The strain was most closely related to Mycolicibacterium moriokaense DSM 44221T with 98.4 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, but was distinguished readily from this taxon by a combination of chemotaxonomic and phenotypic features and by low average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values of 79.5 and 21.1 %, respectively. Consequently, the strain is considered, to represent a novel species of Mycolicibacterium for which the name Mycolicibacterium stellerae sp. nov is proposed; the type strain is I10A-01893T (=CECT 8783T=KCTC 19843T=DSM 45590T).


Assuntos
Mycobacteriaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Thymelaeaceae/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Mycobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
20.
Microbiol Resour Announc ; 8(28)2019 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31296693

RESUMO

Three actinomycete strains, designated BL1, BL4, and CV4, were isolated from sediment samples from the Gulf of California in 2009 together with nearly 300 other actinobacteria. Genome mining and analysis of their ∼6.4-Mb sequences confirmed the bioprospecting potential of these three bacteria belonging to the genus Micromonospora.

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