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1.
Circulation ; 138(10): 989-999, 2018 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29691270

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Combining 2 signals of cardiomyocyte injury, cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and T (cTnT), might overcome some individual pathophysiological and analytical limitations and thereby increase diagnostic accuracy for acute myocardial infarction with a single blood draw. We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of combinations of high-sensitivity (hs) cTnI and hs-cTnT for the early diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. METHODS: The diagnostic performance of combining hs-cTnI (Architect, Abbott) and hs-cTnT (Elecsys, Roche) concentrations (sum, product, ratio, and a combination algorithm) obtained at the time of presentation was evaluated in a large multicenter diagnostic study of patients with suspected acute myocardial infarction. The optimal rule-out and rule-in thresholds were externally validated in a second large multicenter diagnostic study. The proportion of patients eligible for early rule-out was compared with the European Society of Cardiology 0/1 and 0/3 hour algorithms. RESULTS: Combining hs-cTnI and hs-cTnT concentrations did not consistently increase overall diagnostic accuracy as compared with the individual isoforms. However, the combination improved the proportion of patients meeting criteria for very early rule-out. With the European Society of Cardiology 2015 guideline recommended algorithms and cut-offs, the proportion meeting rule-out criteria after the baseline blood sampling was limited (6% to 24%) and assay dependent. Application of optimized cut-off values using the sum (9 ng/L) and product (18 ng2/L2) of hs-cTnI and hs-cTnT concentrations led to an increase in the proportion ruled-out after a single blood draw to 34% to 41% in the original (sum: negative predictive value [NPV] 100% [95% confidence interval (CI), 99.5% to 100%]; product: NPV 100% [95% CI, 99.5% to 100%]) and in the validation cohort (sum: NPV 99.6% [95% CI, 99.0-99.9%]; product: NPV 99.4% [95% CI, 98.8-99.8%]). The use of a combination algorithm (hs-cTnI <4 ng/L and hs-cTnT <9 ng/L) showed comparable results for rule-out (40% to 43% ruled out; NPV original cohort 99.9% [95% CI, 99.2-100%]; NPV validation cohort 99.5% [95% CI, 98.9-99.8%]) and rule-in (positive predictive value [PPV] original cohort 74.4% [95% Cl, 69.6-78.8%]; PPV validation cohort 84.0% [95% Cl, 79.7-87.6%]). CONCLUSIONS: New strategies combining hs-cTnI and hs-cTnT concentrations may significantly increase the number of patients eligible for very early and safe rule-out, but do not seem helpful for the rule-in of acute myocardial infarction. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL (APACE): https://www.clinicaltrial.gov . Unique identifier: NCT00470587. URL (ADAPT): www.anzctr.org.au . Unique identifier: ACTRN12611001069943.

2.
Clin Chem ; 64(5): 851-860, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29483105

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) is widely used in clinical practice. This study assessed the within-subject biological variation (CVI) of different eGFR equations in people with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and people without CKD. The aims of this study were (a) to determine the 24-h biological variation profiles of creatinine, cystatin C, and eGFR and (b) to determine whether CVI of creatinine, cystatin C, and eGFR changes on deterioration of glomerular filtration. METHODS: Hourly blood samples were analyzed from 37 individuals (17 without CKD, 20 with CKD) during 24 h. Creatinine (enzymatic method) and cystatin C were measured using a Cobas 8000 (Roche Diagnostics). eGFR was estimated using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease and the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration based on creatinine and/or cystatin C. Plasma samples were stored at -80 °C before analysis. Outlier and homogeneity analyses were checked before performing a nested ANOVA to determine biological variation. RESULTS: CVI of creatinine was higher in people without CKD than in those with CKD (6.4% vs 2.5%) owing primarily to the more profound effect of meat consumption on creatinine variability in individuals with lower baseline creatinine concentrations. Unlike creatinine, cystatin C concentrations were unaffected by meat consumption. Cystatin C showed some diurnal rhythmic variation and less in people with CKD. Reference change values (RCVs) of all eGFR equations were within 13% to 20% in both study groups. CONCLUSIONS: Despite differences in CVI of creatinine, the CVI and RCV of the eGFR equations were relatively similar for people with or without CKD.

5.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 55(7): 1013-1024, 2017 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28002028

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Middle- and long-term biological variation data for hematological parameters have been reported in the literature. Within-day 24-h variability profiles for hematological parameters are currently lacking. However, comprehensive hour-to-hour variability data are critical to detect diurnal cyclical rhythms, and to take into account the 'time of sample collection' as a possible determinant of natural fluctuation. In this study, we assessed 24-h variation profiles for 20 hematological parameters. METHODS: Blood samples were collected under standardized conditions from 24 subjects every hour for 24 h. At each measurement, 20 hematological parameters were determined in duplicate. Analytical variation (CVA), within-subject biological variation (CVI), between-subject biological variation (CVG), index of individuality (II), and reference change values (RCVs) were calculated. For the parameters with a diurnal rhythm, hour-to-hour RCVs were determined. RESULTS: All parameters showed higher CVG than CVI. Highest CVG was found for eosinophils (46.6%; 95% CI, 34.9%-70.1%) and the lowest value was mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) (3.2%; 95% CI, 2.4%-4.8%). CVI varied from 0.4% (95% CI, 0.32%-0.42%) to 20.9% (95% CI, 19.4%-22.6%) for red cell distribution width (RDW) and eosinophils, respectively. Six hematological parameters showed a diurnal rhythm. CONCLUSIONS: We present complete 24-h variability profiles for 20 hematological parameters. Hour-to-hour reference changes values may help to better discriminate between random fluctuations and true changes in parameters with rhythmic diurnal oscillations.


Assuntos
Ritmo Circadiano , Testes Hematológicos/normas , Manejo de Espécimes/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Postura , Valores de Referência
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 95(52): e5703, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28033267

RESUMO

Interest in the use of cardiac troponin T (cTnT) and cardiac troponin I (cTnI) has expanded from diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction to risk assessment for morbidity and mortality. Although cTnT and cTnI were shown to have equivalent diagnostic performance in the setting of suspected acute myocardial infarction, potential prognostic differences are largely unexplored.The aim of this study is to quantify and compare the relationship between cTnT and cTnI, and cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in the general population.Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library (from inception through October 2016) were searched for prospective observational cohort studies reporting on the prognostic value of basal high-sensitive cTnT and/or cTnI levels on cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in the general population. Data on study characteristics, participants' characteristics, outcome parameters, and quality [according to the Effective Public Health Practice Project (EPHPP) "Quality Assessment Tool For Quantitative Studies] were retrieved. Hazard ratios per standard deviation increase in basal cardiac troponin level (HR per 1-SD; retrieved from the included articles or estimated) were pooled using a random-effects model.On a total of 2585 reviewed citations, 11 studies, with data on 65,019 participants, were included in the meta-analysis. Random effects pooling showed significant associations between basal cardiac troponin levels and HR for cardiovascular and all-cause mortality [HR per 1-SD 1.29 (95% confidence interval, 95% CI, 1.20-1.38) and HR per 1-SD 1.18 (95% CI, 1.11-1.26), respectively]. Stratified analyses showed higher HRs for cTnT than cTnI [cardiovascular mortality: cTnT HR per 1-SD 1.37 (95% CI, 1.23-1.52); and cTnI HR per 1-SD 1.21 (95% CI, 1.16-1.26); all-cause mortality: cTnT HR per 1-SD 1.31 (955 CI, 1.13-1.53); and cTnI HR per 1-SD 1.14 (95% CI, 1.06-1.22)]. These differences were significant (P < 0.01) in meta-regression analyses for cardiovascular mortality but did not reach statistical significance for all-cause mortality.Elevated, basal cTnT, and cTnI show robust associations with an increased risk of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality during follow-up in the general population.Systematic review registration number PROSPERO CRD42014006964.


Assuntos
Mortalidade , Troponina I/sangue , Troponina T/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco
7.
Clin Chem ; 62(12): 1602-1611, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27707754

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Interpretation of serial high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) measurements for the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) assumes random fluctuation of hs-cTn around an individual's homeostatic set point. The aim of this study was to challenge this diagnostic concept. METHODS: Study 1 examined the presence of a diurnal hs-cTn rhythm by hourly blood sampling, day and night, in 24 individuals without a recent history of AMI. Study 2 assessed morning vs evening diagnostic accuracy of hs-cTnT and hs-cTnI in a prospective multicenter diagnostic study of 2782 unselected patients, presenting to the emergency department with acute chest pain. RESULTS: In study 1, hs-cTnT, but not hs-cTnI, exhibited a diurnal rhythm, characterized by gradually decreasing concentrations throughout daytime, rising concentrations during nighttime, to peak concentrations in the morning (mean 16.2 ng/L at 8:30 AM and 12.1 ng/L at 7:30 PM). In study 2, the hs-cTnT rhythm was confirmed by higher hs-cTnT concentrations in early-morning presenters compared to evening presenters with an adjudicated diagnosis of noncardiac disease. The diagnostic accuracy [area under the receiver-operation characteristics curve (AUC)] of hs-cTnT at presentation, 1 h, and for the combination of absolute changes with presenting concentration, were very high and comparable among patients presenting early morning as compared to evening (all AUC >0.93). hs-cTnI exhibited no diurnal rhythm with no differences in AUC among early-morning and evening presenters. CONCLUSIONS: Rhythmic diurnal variation of hs-cTnT is a general phenomenon that is not seen with hs-cTnI. While the diurnal hs-cTnT rhythm does not seem to affect the diagnostic accuracy of hs-cTnT for AMI, it should be considered when using hs-cTnT for screening purposes. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: 1. Circadian Variation of Cardiac Troponin, NCT02091427, www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02091427. 2. Advantageous Predictors of Acute Coronary Syndrome Evaluation (APACE) Study, NCT00470587, www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00470587.


Assuntos
Ritmo Circadiano/fisiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Troponina T/sangue , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Troponina I/sangue
8.
PLoS One ; 11(6): e0156122, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27276080

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The risk of developing multiple sclerosis (MS) as well as MS disease activity is associated with vitamin D (25(OH)D) status. The relationship between the main functional disability hallmark of MS, disability progression, and 25(OH)D status is less well established though, especially not in MS patients with progressive disease. METHODS: This retrospective follow-up study included 554 MS patients with a serum baseline 25(OH)D level and Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) with a minimum follow-up of three years. Logistic regressions were performed to assess the effect of baseline 25(OH)D status on relapse rate. Repeated measures linear regression analyses were performed to assess the effect on disability and disability progression. RESULTS: Baseline deseasonalized 25(OH)D status was associated with subsequent relapse risk (yes/no), but only in the younger MS patients (≤ 37.5 years; OR = 0.872, per 10 nmol/L 25(OH)D, p = 0.041). Baseline 25(OH)D status was not significantly associated with either disability or disability progression, irrespective of MS phenotype. CONCLUSION: Within the physiological range, 25(OH)D status is just significantly associated with the occurrence of relapses in younger MS patients, but is not associated with disability or disability progression over three years follow-up. Whether high dose supplementation to supra physiological 25(OH)D levels prevents disability progression in MS should become clear from long term follow-up of supplementation studies.


Assuntos
Progressão da Doença , Esclerose Múltipla/sangue , Vitamina D/sangue , Adulto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Esclerose Múltipla/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Am J Cardiol ; 118(2): 281-7, 2016 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27282835

RESUMO

Prolonged endurance-type exercise is associated with elevated cardiac troponin (cTn) levels in asymptomatic recreational athletes. It is unclear whether exercise-induced cTn release mirrors a physiological or pathological underlying process. The aim of this study was to provide a direct comparison of the release kinetics of high-sensitivity cTnI (hs-cTnI) and T (hs-cTnT) after endurance-type exercise. In addition, the effect of remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC), a cardioprotective strategy that limits ischemia-reperfusion injury, was investigated in a randomized controlled crossover manner. Twenty-five healthy volunteers completed an outdoor 30-km running trial preceded by RIPC (4 × 5 min 220 mm Hg unilateral occlusion) or control intervention. hs-cTnT, hs-cTnI, and sensitive cTnI (s-cTnI) concentrations were examined before, immediately after, 2 and 5 hours after the trial. The completion of a 30-km run resulted in a significant increase in circulating cTn (time: all p <0.001), with maximum hs-cTnT, hs-cTnI, and s-cTnI levels of 47 ± 27, 69 ± 62, and 82 ± 64 ng/L (mean ± SD), respectively. Maximum hs-cTnT concentrations were measured in 60% of the participants at 2 hours after exercise, compared with maximum hs-cTnI and s-cTnI concentrations at 5 hours in 84% and 80% of the participants. Application of an RIPC stimulus did not reduce exercise-induced cTn release (time × trial: all p >0.5). In conclusion, in contrast to acute myocardial infarction, maximum hs-cTnT levels after exercise precede maximum hs-cTnI levels. Distinct release kinetics of hs-cTnT and hs-cTnI and the absence of an effect of RIPC favors the concept that exercise-induced cTn release may be mechanistically distinct from cTn release in acute myocardial infarction.


Assuntos
Atletas , Precondicionamento Isquêmico Miocárdico/métodos , Resistência Física , Corrida , Troponina I/sangue , Troponina T/sangue , Adulto , Creatina Quinase/sangue , Creatina Quinase Forma MB/sangue , Estudos Cross-Over , Feminino , Humanos , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue
10.
Sci Rep ; 5: 18320, 2015 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26671282

RESUMO

With the introduction of high-sensitive assays, cardiac troponins became potential biomarkers for risk stratification and prognostic medicine. Observational studies have reported an inverse association between physical activity and basal cardiac troponin levels. However, causality has never been demonstrated. This study investigated whether basal cardiac troponin concentrations are receptive to lifestyle interventions such as exercise training. Basal high-sensitive cardiac troponin T (cTnT ) and I (cTnI) were monitored in two resistance-type exercise training programs (12-week (study 1) and 24-week (study 2)) in older adults (≥65 years). In addition, a retrospective analysis for high sensitive troponin I in a 24-week exercise controlled trial in (pre)frail older adults was performed (study 3). In total, 91 subjects were included in the final data analyses. There were no significant changes in cardiac troponin levels over time in study 1 and 2 (study 1: cTnT -0.13 (-0.33-+0.08) ng/L/12-weeks, cTnI -0.10 (-0.33-+0.12) ng/L/12-weeks; study 2: cTnT -1.99 (-4.79-+0.81) ng/L/24-weeks, cTnI -1.59 (-5.70-+2.51) ng/L/24-weeks). Neither was there a significant interaction between training and the course of cardiac troponin in study 3 (p = 0.27). In conclusion, this study provides no evidence that prolonged resistance-type exercise training can modulate basal cardiac troponin levels.


Assuntos
Exercício , Troponina I/sangue , Troponina T/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Tempo
11.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 63(17): 1788-95, 2014 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24583293

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to test the unverified assumption that chronically elevated cardiac troponin T (cTnT) levels fluctuate randomly around a homeostatic set point. BACKGROUND: The introduction of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (cTn) assays has improved sensitivity for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, many patients with a single positive cTn test result do not have AMI. Therefore, the diagnosis of AMI relies strongly on serial testing and interpretation of cTn kinetics. Essential in this regard is a profound understanding of the biological variation of cTn. METHODS: Two studies were conducted to assess biological cTnT variation and to investigate the presence of a diurnal rhythm of cTnT. Study 1 comprised 23 male subjects with type 2 diabetes, with no acute cardiovascular disease. Serial venous blood samples were drawn over an 11-h period (8:30 am to 7:30 pm). In study 2, the presence of a diurnal cTnT rhythm was investigated by hourly sampling of 7 subjects from study 1 over 25 h. RESULTS: In study 1, we observed a gradual decrease in cTnT concentrations during the day (24 ± 2%). This decrease was present in all participants and was most prominent in subjects with the highest baseline cTnT values (Pearson's R 0.93). Diurnal variation of cTnT, as assessed in study 2, was characterized by peak concentrations during morning hours (8:30 am, 17.1 ± 2.9 ng/l), gradually decreasing values during daytime (8:30 pm, 11.9 ± 1.6 ng/l), and rising concentrations during nighttime (8:30 am the next day, 16.9 ± 2.8 ng/l). CONCLUSIONS: A diurnal cTnT rhythm substantiates the recommendation that all dynamic changes in cTnT should be interpreted in relation to the clinical presentation. Epidemiological studies and risk-stratification protocols with the use of cTnT may benefit from standardized sampling times. (Exercise and Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetes; NCT00945165).


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/sangue , Ritmo Circadiano/fisiologia , Troponina T/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , Seguimentos , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Curva ROC
12.
Eur J Haematol ; 93(2): 150-6, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24660761

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: A period of thrombocytopenia is common after stem cell transplantation (SCT). To prevent serious bleeding complications, prophylactic platelet transfusions are administered. Previous studies have shown that a rise in immature platelets precedes recovery of platelet count. Our aim was to define a cutoff value for immature platelets predicting thrombopoietic recovery within 2 d. METHODS: Hematological parameters were measured on the Sysmex XN hemocytometer. We calculated reference change values (RCV) for platelets in eight healthy individuals as marker for platelet recovery. To define a cutoff value, we performed ROC analysis using data from 16 autologous SCT patients. RESULTS: RCV for platelet concentration was 14.1%. Platelet recovery was observed 13 (median; range 9-31) days after SCT. Increase in immature platelet fraction (IPF) before platelet recovery was seen in all autologous SCT patients. Optimal cutoff IPF was found to be 5.3% for platelet recovery within 2 d (specificity 0.98, sensitivity 0.47, positive predictive value 0.93). CONCLUSIONS: We identified an optimal cutoff value for IPF 5.3% to predict platelet recovery after autologous SCT within 2 d. Implementing this cutoff value in transfusion strategy may reduce the number of prophylactic platelet transfusions.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/citologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Transfusão de Plaquetas , Trombocitopenia/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Automação Laboratorial , Diferenciação Celular , Feminino , Neoplasias Hematológicas/patologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Contagem de Plaquetas , Curva ROC , Valores de Referência , Trombocitopenia/etiologia , Trombocitopenia/patologia , Fatores de Tempo , Transplante Autólogo
13.
PLoS One ; 8(11): e79280, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24260184

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac troponin is the biochemical gold standard to diagnose acute myocardial infarction. Interestingly however, elevated cardiac troponin concentrations are also frequently observed during and after endurance-type exercise. Oxidative stress associated with prolonged exercise has been proposed to contribute to cardiac troponin release. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the effect of 4 week astaxanthin supplementation (a potent cartenoid antioxidant) on antioxidant capacity and exercise-induced cardiac troponin release in cyclists. METHODS: Thirty-two well-trained male cyclists (age 25±5, weight 73±7 kg, maximum O2 uptake 60±5 mL·kg(-1)·min(-1), Wmax 5.4±0.5 W·kg(-1); mean ± SD) were repeatedly subjected to a laboratory based standardized exercise protocol before and after 4 weeks of astaxanthin (20 mg/day), or placebo supplementation in a double-blind randomized manner. Blood samples were obtained at baseline, at 60 min of cycling and immediately post-exercise (≈ 120 min). RESULTS: The pre-supplementation cycling trial induced a significant rise of median cardiac troponin T concentrations from 3.2 (IQR 3.0-4.2) to 4.7 ng/L (IQR 3.7-6.7), immediately post-exercise (p<0.001). Four weeks of astaxanthin supplementation significantly increased mean basal plasma astaxanthin concentrations from non-detectable values to 175±86 µg·kg(-1). However, daily astaxanthin supplementation had no effect on exercise-induced cardiac troponin T release (p = 0.24), as measured by the incremental area under the curve. Furthermore, the elevation in basal plasma astaxanthin concentrations was not reflected in changes in antioxidant capacity markers (trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity, uric acid, and malondialdehyde). Markers of inflammation (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein) and exercise-induced skeletal muscle damage (creatine kinase) were equally unaffected by astaxanthin supplementation. CONCLUSION: Despite substantial increases in plasma astaxanthin concentrations, astaxanthin supplementation did not improve antioxidant capacity in well-trained cyclists. Accordingly, exercise-induced cardiac troponin T concentrations were not affected by astaxanthin supplementation. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01241877.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/administração & dosagem , Ciclismo/fisiologia , Suplementos Nutricionais , Troponina T/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Antioxidantes/farmacocinética , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Masculino , Xantofilas/administração & dosagem , Xantofilas/farmacocinética
15.
Blood ; 119(10): 2284-92, 2012 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22234694

RESUMO

CLEC9A is a recently discovered C-type lectin receptor involved in sensing necrotic cells. In humans, this receptor is selectively expressed by BDCA3(+) myeloid dendritic cells (mDCs), which have been proposed to be the main human cross-presenting mDCs and may represent the human homologue of murine CD8(+) DCs. In mice, it was demonstrated that antigens delivered with antibodies to CLEC9A are presented by CD8(+) DCs to both CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells and induce antitumor immunity in a melanoma model. Here we assessed the ability of CLEC9A to mediate antigen presentation by human BDCA3(+) mDCs, which represent < 0.05% of peripheral blood leukocytes. We demonstrate that CLEC9A is only expressed on immature BDCA3(+) mDCs and that cell surface expression is lost after TLR-mediated maturation. CLEC9A triggering via antibody binding rapidly induces receptor internalization but does not affect TLR-induced cytokine production or expression of costimulatory molecules. More importantly, antigens delivered via CLEC9A antibodies to BDCA3(+) mDCs are presented by both MHC class I (cross-presentation) and MHC class II to antigen-specific T cells. We conclude that CLEC9A is a promising target for in vivo antigen delivery in humans to increase the efficiency of vaccines against infectious or malignant diseases.


Assuntos
Apresentação do Antígeno/imunologia , Apresentação Cruzada/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Lectinas Tipo C/imunologia , Receptores Mitogênicos/imunologia , Antígenos CD/imunologia , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Antígenos de Superfície/imunologia , Antígenos de Superfície/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Células Dendríticas/metabolismo , Endocitose/imunologia , Citometria de Fluxo , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe II/imunologia , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe II/metabolismo , Humanos , Lectinas Tipo C/metabolismo , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Menor , Células Mieloides/imunologia , Células Mieloides/metabolismo , Receptores de Superfície Celular/imunologia , Receptores de Superfície Celular/metabolismo , Receptores Mitogênicos/metabolismo , Receptores Toll-Like/imunologia , Receptores Toll-Like/metabolismo
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