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1.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0255510, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351970

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Novel virus outbreaks, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, may increase psychological distress among frontline workers. Psychological distress may lead to reduced performance, reduced employability or even burnout. In the present study, we assessed experienced psychological distress during the COVID-19 pandemic from a self-determination theory perspective. METHODS: This mixed-methods study, with repeated measures, used surveys (quantitative data) combined with audio diaries (qualitative data) to assess work-related COVID-19 experiences, psychological need satisfaction and frustration, and psychological distress over time. Forty-six participants (nurses, junior doctors, and consultants) completed 259 surveys and shared 60 audio diaries. Surveys and audio diaries were analysed separately. RESULTS: Quantitative results indicated that perceived psychological distress during COVID-19 was higher than pre-COVID-19 and fluctuated over time. Need frustration, specifically autonomy and competence, was positively associated with psychological distress, while need satisfaction, especially relatedness, was negatively associated with psychological distress. In the qualitative, thematic analysis, we observed that especially organisational logistics (rostering, work-life balance, and internal communication) frustrated autonomy, and unfamiliarity with COVID-19 frustrated competence. Despite many need frustrating experiences, a strong connection with colleagues and patients were important sources of relatedness support (i.e. need satisfaction) that seemed to mitigate psychological distress. CONCLUSION: The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in an increase of psychological distress among frontline workers. Both need frustration and need satisfaction explained unique variance of psychological distress, but seemed to originate from different sources. Challenging times require healthcare organisations to better support their professionals by tailored formal and informal support. We propose to address both indirect (e.g. organisation) and direct (e.g. colleagues) elements of the clinical and social environment in order to reduce need frustration and enhance need satisfaction.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Angústia Psicológica , Adulto , Ansiedade/psicologia , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Satisfação Pessoal , SARS-CoV-2/patogenicidade , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
PLoS One ; 11(5): e0154791, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27144599

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The current refugee crisis emphasizes the need for information on infectious diseases and resistant microorganisms in asylum seekers with possible consequences for public health and infection control. METHODS: We collected data from asylum seekers admitted to our university hospital or who presented at the Emergency Department (n = 273). We collected general and demographic characteristics including country of origin, the reason of presentation, and the screening results of multi-drug resistant organisms. RESULTS: 67% of the patients were male with a median age of the study group of 24 years (IQR 15-33); 48% of the patients had an infectious disease-predominantly malaria with P. vivax or tuberculosis. Patients also reported with diseases which are less common-e.g. leishmaniasis, or even conditions rarely diagnosed in Europe-e.g. louse borne relapsing fever. A carriage rate of 31% for multi-drug resistant microorganisms (MDRO) was observed, with ESBL-expressing E.coli (n = 20) being the most common MDRO. No carriage of Carbapenemase Producing Enterobacteriaceae was found. CONCLUSION: The current refugee crisis in Europe challenges hospitals to quickly identify and respond to communicable diseases and the carriage of MDRO. A rapid response is necessary to optimize the treatment of infectious diseases amongst asylum seekers to maximize infection control.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Doenças Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Doenças Transmissíveis/microbiologia , Enterobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Enterobacteriaceae/metabolismo , beta-Lactamases/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Hospitalização , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Saúde Pública/métodos , Refugiados , Adulto Jovem
3.
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg ; 102 Suppl 1: S71-5, 2008 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19121693

RESUMO

T-cell activation is essential for protection against Burkholderia pseudomallei infection. Using bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDC) isolated from partially resistant C57BL/6 and susceptible BALB/c mice, the degree of BMDC activation in the presence of B. pseudomallei was investigated. Maturation, cytokine production and internalization of B. pseudomallei by BMDC was assessed in response to infection with a highly virulent and a low-virulent clinical isolate. Maturation was determined by identifying the up-regulation of cell-surface markers CD11c and CD86. IL-1beta and IL-12p40 expression were assessed by reverse-transcriptase PCR. The uptake of B. pseudomallei by BMDC was measured using an internalization assay. This study demonstrated that B. pseudomallei isolates stimulate the maturation of BMDC to the same degree regardless of virulence. However, maturation of BMDC was significantly increased in BALB/c mice compared with C57BL/6 mice. Additionally, the uptake of B. pseudomallei by BMDC was significantly greater with the highly virulent isolate compared with the low-virulent isolate. Expression of IL-12 and IL-1beta following infection with B. pseudomallei was up-regulated. The differences observed may have implications in the development of an effective immune response to B. pseudomallei.


Assuntos
Células da Medula Óssea/imunologia , Burkholderia pseudomallei/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Interleucinas/imunologia , Ativação Linfocitária/imunologia , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Expressão Gênica , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Regulação para Cima
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