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2.
J Rheumatol ; 46(8): 976-980, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30824657

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the uptake of the OMERACT-OARSI (Outcome Measures in Rheumatology- Osteoarthritis Research Society International) core outcome set (COS) domains in hip and/or knee osteoarthritis (OA) trials. METHODS: There were 382 trials of hip and/or knee OA identified from the ClinicalTrial.gov registry from 1997 to 2017. Frequency of COS adoption was assessed by year and per 5-yearly phases. RESULTS: COS adoption decreased from 61% between 1997 and 2001 to 38% between 2012 and 2016. Pain (95%) and physical function (86%) were most consistently adopted. Patient's global assessment (48%) was the principal missing domain. CONCLUSION: Limited adoption of the COS domains indicates that further consideration to improve uptake is required.

3.
J Rheumatol ; 46(8): 981-989, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30647185

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To update the 1997 OMERACT-OARSI (Outcome Measures in Rheumatology-Osteoarthritis Research Society International) core domain set for clinical trials in hip and/or knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: An initial review of the COMET database of core outcome sets (COS) was undertaken to identify all domains reported in previous COS including individuals with hip and/or knee OA. These were presented during 5 patient and health professionals/researcher meetings in 3 continents (Europe, Australasia, North America). A 3-round international Delphi survey was then undertaken among patients, healthcare professionals, researchers, and industry representatives to gain consensus on key domains to be included in a core domain set for hip and/or knee OA. Findings were presented and discussed in small groups at OMERACT 2018, where consensus was obtained in the final plenary. RESULTS: Four previous COS were identified. Using these, and the patient and health professionals/researcher meetings, 50 potential domains formed the Delphi survey. There were 426 individuals from 25 different countries who contributed to the Delphi exercise. OMERACT 2018 delegates (n = 129) voted on candidate domains. Six domains gained agreement as mandatory to be measured and reported in all hip and/or knee OA clinical trials: pain, physical function, quality of life, and patient's global assessment of the target joint, in addition to the mandated core domain of adverse events including mortality. Joint structure was agreed as mandatory in specific circumstances, i.e., depending on the intervention. CONCLUSION: The updated core domain set for hip and/or knee OA has been agreed upon. Work will commence to determine which outcome measurement instrument should be recommended to cover each core domain.

4.
J Rheumatol ; 46(9): 1183-1187, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30647176

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate hand osteoarthritis tools for core instrument set development. METHODS: For OMERACT 2018, a systematic literature review and advances in instrument validation were presented. RESULTS: Visual analog and numerical rating scales were considered valuable for pain and patient's global assessment, despite heterogeneous phrasing and missing psychometric evidence for some aspects. The Modified Intermittent and Constant Osteoarthritis Pain scale was lacking evidence. The Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire had advantages above other pain/function questionnaires. The Hand Mobility in Scleroderma scale was valid, although responsiveness was questioned. Potential joint activity instruments were evaluated. CONCLUSION: The development of the core instrument set is progressing, and a research agenda was also developed.

5.
J Rheumatol ; 46(9): 1159-1163, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30647174

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The Contextual Factors Working Group aims to provide guidance on addressing contextual factors in rheumatology trials within OMERACT. METHODS: During the Special Interest Group session at OMERACT 2018, preliminary results were presented from a case scenario survey and semistructured interviews, including contextual factors mentioned in these. A group-based exercise sought to identify and rank important generic contextual factors. RESULTS: A total of 79 candidate factors were listed. Across the 3 groups, gender/sex, comorbidities, and the healthcare system were ranked as most important. CONCLUSION: The identified important contextual factor domains may be considered a provisional list pending further research.

6.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(3): 413-420, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30552176

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy, safety, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of the anti-interleukin (IL)-1α/ß dual variable domain immunoglobulin lutikizumab (ABT-981) in erosive hand osteoarthritis (HOA). METHODS: Patients with ≥1 erosive and ≥3 tender and/or swollen hand joints were randomised to placebo or lutikizumab 200 mg subcutaneously every 2 weeks for 24 weeks. The primary endpoint was change in Australian/Canadian Osteoarthritis Hand Index (AUSCAN) pain subdomain score from baseline to 16 weeks. At baseline and week 26, subjects had bilateral hand radiographs and MRI of the hand with the greatest number of baseline tender and/or swollen joints. Continuous endpoints were assessed using analysis of covariance models, with treatment and country as main factors and baseline measurements as covariates. RESULTS: Of 132 randomised subjects, 1 received no study drug and 110 completed the study (placebo, 61/67 (91%); lutikizumab, 49/64 (77%)). AUSCAN pain was not different among subjects treated with lutikizumab versus placebo at week 16 (least squares mean difference, 1.5 (95% CI -1.9 to 5.0)). Other clinical and imaging endpoints were not different between lutikizumab and placebo. Lutikizumab significantly decreased serum high-sensitivity C reactive protein levels, IL-1α and IL-1ß levels, and blood neutrophils. Lutikizumab pharmacokinetics were consistent with phase I studies and not affected by antidrug antibodies. Injection site reactions and neutropaenia were more common in the lutikizumab group; discontinuations because of adverse events occurred more frequently with lutikizumab (4/64) versus placebo (1/67). CONCLUSION: Despite adequate blockade of IL-1, lutikizumab did not improve pain or imaging outcomes in erosive HOA compared with placebo.

7.
J Rheumatol ; 46(9): 1228-1231, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30554152

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the longitudinal reliability of the Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) Thumb base Osteoarthritis Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) Scoring system (TOMS). METHODS: Paired MRI of patients with hand osteoarthritis were scored in 2 exercises (6-mo and 2-yr followup) for synovitis, subchondral bone defects (SBD), osteophytes, cartilage assessment, bone marrow lesions (BML), and subluxation. Interreader reliability of delta scores was assessed. RESULTS: Little change occurred. Average-measure intraclass correlation coefficients were good-excellent (≥ 0.71), except synovitis (0.55-0.83) and carpometacarpal-1 osteophytes/cartilage assessment (0.47/0.39). Percentage exact/close agreement was 52-92%/68-100%, except BML in 2 years (28%/64-76%). Smallest detectable change was below the scoring increment, except in SBD and BML. CONCLUSION: TOMS longitudinal reliability was moderate-good. Limited change hampered assessment.

8.
RMD Open ; 4(2): e000734, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30402266

RESUMO

To update the evidence on efficacy and safety of non-pharmacological, pharmacological and surgical interventions for hand osteoarthritis (OA), a systematic literature review was performed up to June 2017, including (randomised) controlled trials or Cochrane systematic reviews. Main efficacy outcomes were pain, function and hand strength. Risk of bias was assessed. Meta-analysis was performed when advisable. Of 7036 records, 127 references were included, of which 50 studies concerned non-pharmacological, 64 pharmacological and 12 surgical interventions. Many studies had high risk of bias, mainly due to inadequate randomisation or blinding. Beneficial non-pharmacological treatments included hand exercise and prolonged thumb base splinting, while single trials showed positive results for joint protection and using assistive devices. Topical and oral non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) proved equally effective, while topical NSAIDs led to less adverse events. Single trials demonstrated positive results for chondroitin sulfate and intra-articular glucocorticoid injections in interphalangeal joints. Pharmacological treatments for which no clear beneficial effect was shown include paracetamol, intra-articular thumb base injections of glucocorticoids or hyaluronic acid, low-dose oral glucocorticoids, hydroxychloroquine and anti-tumour necrosis factor. No trials compared surgery to sham or non-operative treatment. No surgical intervention for thumb base OA appeared more effective than another, although in general more complex procedures led to more complications. No interventions slowed radiographic progression. In conclusion, an overview of the evidence on efficacy and safety of treatment options for hand OA was presented and informed the task force for the updated European League Against Rheumatism management recommendations for hand OA.

9.
Acta Orthop ; 89(5): 528-534, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30350757

RESUMO

Background and purpose - It is unknown whether different trajectories of pain or function are associated with timing of total hip or knee arthroplasty (THA/TKA) in osteoarthritis (OA) patients. We investigated this association in early symptomatic OA patients. Patients and methods - Data from the prospective Dutch CHECK cohort (patients with early hip/knee OA complaints) covering 9 years of follow-up were used. Pain and function were measured annually using the WOMAC questionnaires. Changes in pain/function over time were estimated using a linear mixed model adjusted for baseline age, sex, BMI, maximal Kellgren and Lawrence score, number of painful joints, and comorbidities. The same covariates were included in a Cox regression model, with time to first arthroplasty as event. Both were combined in a joint model to assess the association between changes in pain/function and time to arthroplasty. Results - Of the 868 eligible patients, 84 received a TKA/THA during follow-up. Patients receiving arthroplasty were somewhat older, had a higher Kellgren and Lawrence score and worse WOMAC scores at baseline. Irrespective of receiving arthroplasty, about two-thirds of the patients showed at least 1 period of deterioration of pain/function (≥ 10 points WOMAC subscale). In approximately two fifths this deterioration was followed by another deterioration in the following year. Worse pain and function levels increased the hazard of receiving THA/TKA (1.08 [95% CI 1.06-1.10] for pain and 1.07 [CI 1.05-1.08] for function). Changes in pain or function over time were not associated with timing of THA/TKA Interpretation - Worse pain and function levels rather than long-term changes are associated with timing of THA/TKA.

10.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 77(12): 1757-1764, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30282670

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Hand osteoarthritis is a prevalent disease with limited treatment options. Since joint inflammation is often present, we investigated tumour necrosis factor (TNF) as treatment target in patients with proven joint inflammation in a proof-of-concept study. METHODS: This 1-year, double-blind, randomised, multicentre trial (NTR1192) enrolled patients with symptomatic erosive inflammatory hand osteoarthritis. Patients flaring after non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug washout were randomised to etanercept (24 weeks 50 mg/week, thereafter 25 mg/week) or placebo. The primary outcome was Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) pain at 24 weeks. Secondary outcomes included clinical and imaging outcomes (radiographs scored using Ghent University Scoring System (GUSS, n=54) and MRIs (n=20)). RESULTS: Of 90 patients randomised to etanercept (n=45) or placebo (n=45), respectively, 12 and 10 discontinued prematurely. More patients on placebo discontinued due to inefficacy (6 vs 3), but fewer due to adverse effects (1 vs 6). The mean between-group difference (MD) in VAS pain was not statistically significantly different (-5.7 (95% CI -15.9 to 4.5), p=0.27 at 24 weeks; - 8.5 (95% CI -18.6 to 1.6), p=0.10 at 1 year; favouring etanercept). In prespecified per-protocol analyses of completers with pain and inflammation at baseline (n=61), MD was -11.8 (95% CI -23.0 to -0.5) (p=0.04) at 1 year. Etanercept-treated joints showed more radiographic remodelling (delta GUSS: MD 2.9 (95% CI 0.5 to 5.4), p=0.02) and less MRI bone marrow lesions (MD -0.22 (95% CI -0.35 to -0.09), p = 0.001); this was more pronounced in joints with baseline inflammation. CONCLUSION: Anti-TNF did not relieve pain effectively after 24 weeks in erosive osteoarthritis. Small subgroup analyses showed a signal for effects on subchondral bone in actively inflamed joints, but future studies to confirm this are warranted.

11.
J Rheumatol ; 2018 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30219766

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether 3 rheumatoid arthritis-associated antibodies [rheumatoid factor (RF) and anticitrullinated protein antibodies (ACPA) or anticarbamylated protein (anti-CarP) antibodies] are present in hand osteoarthritis (HOA) and associate with erosive OA (EOA). METHODS: Anti-CarP IgG was measured by ELISA in baseline sera of patients with HOA from 3 cohorts: HOSTAS (n = 510, 27.2% EOA), ECHO (n = 47), and EHOA (n = 23), and in sera of healthy controls (HC; n = 196, mean age 44.1 yrs, 51.0% women). Moreover, ACPA-IgG and RF-IgM were additionally determined in HOSTAS and HC. The prevalence of autoantibodies was compared between HOA and HC and between erosive and nonerosive HOA. In HOSTAS, hand radiographs were scored (Kellgren-Lawrence, Osteoarthritis Research Society International osteophyte and joint space narrowing) and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels, representing inflammation, were assessed. Groups were compared using nonparametric tests. RESULTS: The prevalence of anti-CarP was low and not significantly different between the total HOA group and HC (6.6% vs 3.6%, p = 0.12). In HOSTAS, the prevalence of all tested autoantibodies was low (anti-CarP 7.1%, ACPA 0.8%, RF 6.1%), and there were no significant differences observed between HOA patients and HC or between erosive and nonerosive HOA. Further, radiographic damage and CRP levels were similar in anti-CarP+ and anti-CarP-, and RF+ and RF- HOSTAS patients. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of autoantibodies is similar in HOA patients and HC, and these autoantibodies are not associated with erosive disease, structural damage, or inflammation in patients with HOA, indicating that another mechanism is driving erosive disease.

12.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 57(12): 2190-2199, 2018 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30107461

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the association between illness perceptions and disability both cross-sectionally and over 2 years in patients with hand OA. Methods: Illness perceptions and self-reported disability were assessed at baseline and after 2 years in 384 patients with primary hand OA (mean age 61 years, 84% women, n = 312 with follow-up) with the Illness Perception Questionnaire - Revised (IPQ-R), Functional Index for Hand OA, Australian/Canadian Hand OA Index and HAQ. Risk ratios for high disability (highest quartile) at both time points were estimated for tertiles of IPQ-R dimensions, using Poisson regression. The mean IPQ dimension change difference between patients with and without disability progression (change Functional Index for Hand OA ⩾ 1, Australian/Canadian Hand OA Index > 1.4, HAQ > 0.22) was estimated with linear regression. Analyses were adjusted for age, Doyle index and baseline score. Results: At baseline, stronger negative illness perceptions were associated with high disability. Baseline illness perceptions were also associated with high disability after 2 years, although adjustment made apparent that these associations were confounded by baseline disability status. Most illness perceptions changed over 2 years; understanding increased, OA was regarded as more chronic and fewer emotions and consequences and less personal and treatment control were experienced. The 2 year change in disability was different between patients with and without progression for the illness perceptions of more perceived consequences, symptoms, treatment control and emotions. Conclusion: Illness perceptions seemed to be implicated in disability and its progression. Our results suggest that interventions could focus on improving baseline disability, potentially using illness perceptions to accomplish this goal.

13.
Joint Bone Spine ; 2018 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30081198

RESUMO

While the association between obesity and osteoarthritis used to be solely regarded as a result of increased mechanical loading, systemic factors also likely play a role in the pathophysiology of osteoarthritis. Nutrient excess leading to obesity may result in lipotoxicity, which might be involved in the development of osteoarthritis. The different fatty acid types have distinct effects on inflammation. This review focusses on the currently available studies, summarizing the effects of the different fatty acid types on osteoarthritis and involved joint tissues. In animal studies omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids reduced the expression of inflammatory markers, cartilage degradation and oxidative stress in chondrocytes. In contrast, these markers were increased upon omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid and saturated fatty acid stimulation. Additionally, a decrease in pain and dysfunction was observed upon omega-3 supplementation in cats and dogs. In line, most human in vitro studies show pro-apoptotic and pro-inflammatory actions of saturated fatty acids. While all polyunsaturated fatty acids reduced markers of oxidative stress, omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids additionally decreased prostaglandin production. Human intervention studies with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation may indicate a beneficial effect on pain and function and might be associated with less structural damage. In contrast, an adverse effect of saturated fatty acids on osteoarthritis has been observed. Monounsaturated fatty acids have been infrequently studied and findings are inconclusive. Existing studies indicate a promising effect of especially omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on osteoarthritis signs and symptoms. However, more human intervention studies are warranted to draw robust conclusions.

14.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 2018 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30154087

RESUMO

Since publication of the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) recommendations for management of hand osteoarthritis (OA) in 2007 new evidence has emerged. The aim was to update these recommendations. EULAR standardised operating procedures were followed. A systematic literature review was performed, collecting the evidence regarding all non-pharmacological, pharmacological and surgical treatment options for hand OA published to date. Based on the evidence and expert opinion from an international task force of 19 physicians, healthcare professionals and patients from 10 European countries formulated overarching principles and recommendations. Level of evidence, grade of recommendation and level of agreement were allocated to each statement. Five overarching principles and 10 recommendations were agreed on. The overarching principles cover treatment goals, information provision, individualisation of treatment, shared decision-making and the need to consider multidisciplinary and multimodal (non-pharmacological, pharmacological, surgical) treatment approaches. Recommendations 1-3 cover different non-pharmacological treatment options (education, assistive devices, exercises and orthoses). Recommendations 4-8 describe the role of different pharmacological treatments, including topical treatments (preferred over systemic treatments, topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) being first-line choice), oral analgesics (particularly NSAIDs to be considered for symptom relief for a limited duration), chondroitin sulfate (for symptom relief), intra-articular glucocorticoids (generally not recommended, consider for painful interphalangeal OA) and conventional/biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (discouraged). Considerations for surgery are described in recommendation 9. The last recommendation relates to follow-up. The presented EULAR recommendations provide up-to-date guidance on the management of hand OA, based on expert opinion and research evidence.

15.
RMD Open ; 4(1): e000583, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29531783

RESUMO

This paper presents an atlas for the Outcome Measures in Rheumatology Clinical Trials (OMERACT) thumb base osteoarthritis MRI scoring system (TOMS). The atlas includes reference images of each grade of each feature that is assessed in TOMS (synovitis grade 0-3, subchondral bone defects grade 0-3, osteophytes grade 0-3, cartilage assessment grade 0-3, subluxation and bone marrow lesions grade 0-3) in the first carpometacarpal and scapho-trapezio-trapezoid joint. The presented reference images can be used to guide scoring of thumb base MRIs in patients with hand osteoarthritis according to the OMERACT TOMS.

16.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 77(6): 875-882, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29514801

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Guidelines recommend intra-articular glucocorticoid injection in patients with painful hip osteoarthritis. However, intra-articular hip injection is an invasive procedure. The efficacy of systemic glucocorticoid treatment for pain reduction in hip osteoarthritis is unknown. This randomised, double-blind, trial assessed effectiveness in hip pain reduction of an intramuscular glucocorticoid injection compared with a placebo injection in patients with hip osteoarthritis. METHODS: Patients with painful hip osteoarthritis were randomised to either 40 mg triamcinolone acetate or placebo with an intramuscular injection into the gluteus muscle. The primary outcomes were severity of hip pain at rest, during walking (0-10) and WOMAC pain at 2-week postinjection. We used linear mixed models for repeated measurements at 2, 4, 6 and 12 weeks for the intention-to-treat data analysis. RESULTS: Of the 107 patients randomised, 106 could be analysed (52 in the glucocorticoid group, 54 in the placebo group). At 2-week follow-up, compared with placebo injection, the intramuscular glucocorticoid injection showed a significant and clinically relevant difference in hip pain reduction at rest (difference -1.3, 95% CI -2.3 to -0.3). This effect persisted for the entire 12-week follow-up. For hip pain during walking, the effect was present at 4-week, 6-week and 12-week follow-ups, and for WOMAC pain the effect was present at 6-week and 12-week follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: An intramuscular glucocorticoid injection showed effectiveness in patients with hip osteoarthritis on one of the three primary outcomes at 2-week postinjection. All primary outcomes showed effectiveness from 4 to 6 weeks, up to a 12-week follow-up. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NTR2966.

17.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 57(11): 1917-1924, 2018 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29471377

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of TNF inhibitors (TNFis) on incidental and progressive hand OA in recent-onset RA patients after a 10 year follow-up. Methods: Radiographs of 262 RA patients (mean age 52 years, 66% women) from the BeSt study were scored for osteophytes in DIP/PIP joints using the Osteoarthritis Research Society International atlas (0-3; summed score 0-54) and according to the Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) score (0-4; summed score 0-72) at baseline and 10 year follow-up. TNFi treatment was assessed on visits every 3 months. Associations between TNFi treatment and hand OA were analysed on the patient and joint level using generalized linear models and generalized estimating equations, respectively. Results: Fifty-eight percent of the patients were treated with TNFi, with a median duration of 42 months. A total of 143 patients (55%) had hand OA in any IP joint at baseline based on the Osteoarthritis Research Society International osteophyte score. On the patient level, TNFi treatment duration did not affect incidental hand OA. However, every month of TNFi treatment resulted in a reduced relative risk (RR) of hand OA progression in DIP joints [relative risk (RR) 0.987 (95% CI 0.978, 0.996)] but not in PIP joints. On the joint level, the effect on hand OA progression was observed in DIP joints [RR 0.996 (95% CI 0.991, 1.000)] but not in PIP joints. The results from the KL score analyses were comparable to the osteophyte score. Conclusion: TNFi treatment was associated with a reduced risk on radiographic hand OA progression in DIP joints but not in PIP joints after 10 years. Although the effect sizes are small, these results provide evidence for influence of TNF-α in hand OA pathogenesis.

19.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 57(3): 525-532, 2018 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29253246

RESUMO

Objectives: To investigate metric properties of four hand mobility tests in hand OA patients, using the OMERACT filter. Methods: Trained assessors examined the Hand Mobility in Scleroderma test (HAMIS), fingertip-to-palm distance (FPD), modified Kapandji index (MKI) and number of hand joints with limited mobility in participants from two cohorts [Genetics ARthrosis and Progression (n = 207) and Hand OSTeoArthritis in Secondary care (n = 174)]. Validity was appraised by assessment of correlations with other outcome measures, and ability to measure thumb vs finger mobility specifically, using cumulative probability plots. The proportion of participants changing in hand mobility based on the smallest detectable difference was calculated for responsiveness. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) for intra- and interobserver reliability, and feasibility (time to perform tests) were studied in a random sample (n = 20). Results: Participants displayed large variation in mobility scores. Strongest correlations were observed with structural damage (rs = 0.43-0.52) and bony swelling (rs = 0.46-0.58); correlation patterns were similar among tests. HAMIS, FPD and MKI could all measure finger mobility specifically, but only HAMIS measured thumb mobility particularly. Interobserver reliability was best for HAMIS, ICC 0.90 (95% CI: 0.76, 0.96); intraobserver reliability was excellent for all (ICCs 0.94-0.97). In 2 years, little change was observed; HAMIS was the most sensitive-to-change (smallest detectable difference 3.7% of maximum score). The mean performance time ranged from 0.7 (s.d. 0.5, for FPD) to 5.7 (s.d. 1.3, for HAMIS) min. Conclusion: HAMIS, FPD, MKI and number of joints with limited mobility are all valid, reliable and feasible measures for assessing hand mobility in hand OA, although HAMIS had slightly more favourable properties. Studies assessing sensitivity-to-change in a clinical trial setting are warranted.


Assuntos
Avaliação da Deficiência , Articulação da Mão/fisiopatologia , Mãos/fisiopatologia , Osteoartrite/fisiopatologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite/diagnóstico , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
20.
Curr Opin Rheumatol ; 30(1): 108-113, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29035931

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Lipids are bioactive molecules that can affect several biological functions. Technological developments allowing identification of novel lipid species and the study of their function have led to a significant advance in our understanding of lipid biology and their involvement in various diseases. This is particularly relevant for diseases associated with obesity in which lipid accumulation could be involved in pathogenesis. Here, we focus on osteoarthritis, a chronic joint disease aggravated by obesity, and will present the latest findings regarding the involvement of lipids in disease development and progression. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies indicate a possible involvement of n-3 poly-unsaturated fatty acid and their anti-inflammatory and proresolving derivatives in osteoarthritis. These lipids were identified in the osteoarthritis joint, were found to have beneficial effects on cartilage in vitro and reduced pain in humans and animal models. Moreover, increased levels of cholesterol transport molecules, such as LDL particles, were recently associated with a higher risk of developing hand osteoarthritis in women and with more severe inflammation and osteophyte formation in osteoarthritis animal models. SUMMARY: Together, these findings indicate that lipids are a promising target for future therapeutic intervention in osteoarthritis and open exciting possibilities for future research.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3/metabolismo , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Lipoproteínas LDL/metabolismo , Obesidade/metabolismo , Osteoartrite/metabolismo , Animais , Artralgia , Colesterol/metabolismo , Progressão da Doença , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Inflamação , Lipídeos , Osteoartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Osteófito/metabolismo
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