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2.
Immunotherapy ; 2020 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32066296

RESUMO

Aim: Data on the real-world use of hyaluronidase-facilitated subcutaneous 10% immunoglobulin (fSCIG; HyQvia®) in elderly patients with primary or secondary immunodeficiencies (PID or SID) are unreported. This study determined real-world patterns from one administration of fSCIG. Materials & methods: In this retrospective, multicenter study, medical records of patients aged ≥65 years with PID or SID were reviewed. Results: The majority of patients (mean age: 69.9 years) with PID (n = 10) or SID (n = 6) self-administered fSCIG (200-350 ml) at home every 3-4 weeks using a single infusion site by infusion pump at rates up to 300 ml/h. Conclusion: This study provides initial real-world evidence supporting home-based, self-administration of large volumes of fSCIG in elderly patients with PID or SID.

3.
Transpl Int ; 33(2): 149-160, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31529538

RESUMO

Antibody-mediated rejection (ABMR) is a major cause of graft loss in renal transplantation. We assessed the predictive value of clinical, pathological, and immunological parameters at diagnosis for graft survival. We investigated 54 consecutive patients with biopsy-proven ABMR. Patients were treated according to our current standard regimen followed by triple maintenance immunosuppression. Patient characteristics, renal function, and HLA antibody status at diagnosis, baseline biopsy results, and immunosuppressive treatment were recorded. The risk of graft loss at 24 months after diagnosis and the eGFR slope were assessed. Multivariate analysis showed that eGFR at diagnosis and chronic glomerulopathy independently predict graft loss (HR 0.94; P = 0.018 and HR 1.57; P = 0.045) and eGFR slope (beta 0.46; P < 0.001 and beta -5.47; P < 0.001). Cyclophosphamide treatment (6× 15 mg/m2 ) plus high-dose intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG) (1.5 g/kg) was superior compared with single-dose rituximab (1× 500 mg) plus low-dose IVIG (30 g) (HR 0.10; P = 0.008 and beta 10.70; P = 0.017) and one cycle of bortezomib (4× 1.3 mg/m2 ) plus low-dose IVIG (HR 0.16; P = 0.049 and beta 11.21; P = 0.010) regarding the risk of graft loss and the eGFR slope. In conclusion, renal function at diagnosis and histopathological signs of chronic ABMR seem to predict graft survival independent of the applied treatment regimen. Stepwise modifications of the treatment regimen may help to improve outcome.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31846042

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Using data from the German Biologics JIA Registry (BIKER), long-term safety of biologics for systemic-onset JIA with regard to adverse events of special interest was assessed. METHODS: Safety assessments were based on adverse event reports after first dose through 90 days after last dose. Rates of adverse event, serious adverse event and 25 predefined adverse events of special interest were analysed. Incidence rates were compared for each biologic against all other biologics combined applying a mixed-effect Poisson model. RESULTS: Of 260 systemic-onset JIA patients in this analysis, 151 patients received etanercept, 109 tocilizumab, 71 anakinra and 51 canakinumab. Patients with etanercept had higher clinical Juvenile Arthritis Disease Activity Score 10 scores, active joint counts and steroid use at therapy start. Serious adverse events were reported with higher frequency in patients receiving canakinumab [20/100 patient years (PY)] and tocilizumab (21/100 PY). Cytopenia and hepatic events occurred with a higher frequency with tocilizumab and canakinumab. Medically important infections were seen more often in patients with IL-6 or IL-1 inhibition. Macrophage activation syndrome occurred in all cohorts with a higher frequency in patients with canakinumab (3.2/100 PY) and tocilizumab (2.5/100 PY) vs anakinra (0.83/100 PY) and etanercept (0.5/100 PY). After adjustment only an elevated risk for infections in anakinra-treated patients remained significant. Three definite malignancies were reported in patients ever exposed to biologics. Two deaths occurred in patients treated with etanercept. CONCLUSION: Surveillance of pharmacotherapy as provided by BIKER is an import approach especially for patients on long-term treatment. Overall, tolerance was acceptable. Differences between several biologics were noted and should be considered in daily patient care.

5.
Rheumatol Int ; 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31667541

RESUMO

The primary objective was twofold: (1) to determine whether the German version of a screening instrument for clinical practice for juvenile idiopathic arthritis (SICJIA) is reliable in identifying patients at risk for juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), and (2) secondly whether a weighting scheme of individual questions improves its sensitivity. Data were collected and retrospectively analyzed based upon completed SICJIA questionnaires from patients and their guardians at their first clinical visit at the Hamburg Centre for Pediatric and Adolescence Rheumatology. All patients visited the center between August 2015 and July 2017. The survey included 12 disease-orientated questions. For evaluation, only questionnaires of patients diagnosed with JIA or with a non-inflammatory joint pain (NJP) were selected. Standard statistical techniques were used for evaluation. In total, 165 of 800 questionnaires could be used for evaluation. Of the 800 patients who completed questionnaires, 133 were diagnosed with JIA and 32 with NJP. The analysis of the individual questions was performed by comparing the rate of a positive response to the questions between the two groups. Four questions showed a significant difference by comparing the groups, using JIA patients with at least one active joint. The diagnostic accuracy of the weighted sum score increased from 64 to 68% to discriminate between the groups in comparison to the ordinary sum score. An optimal cutoff of 6.0 for referral to a pediatric rheumatologist was calculated. The validation of the SICJIA showed a discriminative difference in patients with clinical diagnosed JIA and a control group diagnosed with NJP. The weighted sum score performed better to differentiate between JIA and NJP patients. The modified SICJIA can be useful to identify patients at risk of JIA.

6.
Eur J Immunol ; 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31714996

RESUMO

Antibody-mediated diseases affect more than 10% of the human population. For most, no cure is available, particularly when the pathogenic antibodies are secreted by long-lived plasma cells resistant to conventional immunosuppressive therapies. Current therapeutic approaches target not only the plasma cells that secrete pathogenic antibodies, but also those providing protective antibodies. Here, in a murine model bearing long-lived plasma cells secreting anti-OVA and -chicken gamma globulin (CGG) antibodies, we describe the first-time use of an antigen-antibody (OVA/anti-CD138 antibody) conjugate for in vivo labeling and selective ablation of plasma cells that secrete antibodies specific for the antigen OVA. The selective depletion also led to a stable reduction of the corresponding serum anti-OVA antibody levels. In contrast, CGG-specific plasma cells and circulating anti-CGG antibody levels remained unchanged. The method described here should enable the development of unique causative treatment strategies for established antibody-mediated diseases sparing humoral immunity.

7.
Pediatr Rheumatol Online J ; 17(1): 66, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31575380

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: JIA-associated uveitis (JIAU) is a serious, sight-threatening disease with significant long-term complications and risk of blindness, even with improved contemporary treatments. The MIWGUC was set up in order to propose specific JIAU activity and response items and to validate their applicability for clinical outcome studies. METHODS: The group consists of 8 paediatric rheumatologists and 7 ophthalmologists. A consensus meeting took place on November 2015 in Barcelona (Spain) with the objective of validating the previously proposed measures. The validation process was based on the results of a prospective open, international, multi-centre, cohort study designed to validate the outcome measures proposed by the initial MIWGUC group meeting in 2012. The meeting used the same Delphi and nominal group technique as previously described in the first paper from the MIWGUC group (Arthritis Care Res 64:1365-72, 2012). Patients were included with a diagnosis of JIA, aged less than 18 years, and with active uveitis or an uveitis flare which required treatment with a disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug. The proposed outcome measures for uveitis were collected by an ophthalmologist and for arthritis by a paediatric rheumatologist. Patient reported outcome measures were also measured. RESULTS: A total of 82 patients were enrolled into the validation cohort. Fifty four percent (n = 44) had persistent oligoarthritis followed by rheumatoid factor negative polyarthritis (n = 15, 18%). The mean uveitis disease duration was 3.3 years (SD 3.0). Bilateral eye involvement was reported in 65 (79.3%) patients. The main findings are that the most significant changes, from baseline to 6 months, are found in the AC activity measures of cells and flare. These measures correlate with the presence of pre-existing structural complications and this has implications for the reporting of trials using a single measure as a primary outcome. We also found that visual analogue scales of disease activity showed significant change when reported by the ophthalmologist, rheumatologist and families. The measures formed three relatively distinct groups. The first group of measures comprised uveitis activity, ocular damage and the ophthalmologists' VAS. The second comprised patient reported outcomes including disruption to school attendance. The third group consisted of the rheumatologists' VAS and the joint score. CONCLUSIONS: We propose distinctive and clinically significant measures of disease activity, severity and damage for JIAU. This effort is the initial step for developing a comprehensive outcome measures for JIAU, which incorporates the perspectives of rheumatologists, ophthalmologists, patients and families.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31412128

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the courses and outcomes of pregnancies involving JIA patients who were exposed to DMARDs. METHODS: In the Juvenile arthritis MTX/Biologics long-term Observation study, pregnant patients or male patients with pregnant partners were identified. Standardized patient interviews were conducted, and the course and outcome of pregnancy were assessed. Prospectively collected physician- and patient-reported data were also considered in the analysis. RESULTS: The study sample included 152 pregnancies in 98 women with JIA and 39 pregnancies involving 21 male patients as partners. The majority of patients had polyarticular-onset/-course JIA (61%). The average age of patients at first pregnancy was 24.1 (4.5) years, and their mean disease duration was 13.8 (5.9) years. Patients had been exposed to DMARDs for 9.5 (5.6) years, and 90% of these patients had received biologics before. Half of the pregnancies occurred during DMARD exposure, mostly with etanercept. Significant differences in pregnancy outcomes between DMARD-exposed and -unexposed pregnancies were not observed. Spontaneous abortion (13.1%) and congenital anomaly (3.6%) rates were not suggestive of increased risk compared with expected background rates. However, the rates of premature birth (12.3%) and caesarean section (37.7%) were slightly above those in the German birthing population. The disease activity of female patients remained relatively stable in pregnancy, with mean cJADAS-10 scores of 5.3, 7.1 and 5.6 in each trimester, respectively. CONCLUSION: Young adults with JIA often become pregnant or become fathers of children while still being treated with DMARDs. Data suggest no increased risk of major adverse pregnancy outcomes.

10.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 21(1): 197, 2019 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464650

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to develop a patient-reported questionnaire that is suitable to detect periodontitis (PD) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: A self-reported questionnaire containing 12 items potentially relevant to PD and dentists' semiquantitative assessment of PD (no/mild/moderate/severe) was obtained from 353 patients from an early arthritis cohort. Available radiographs (n = 253) and blinded assessment of 3 independent dentists were used for validation. By defining the dentists' assessment as the reference standard, relevant questionnaire items were identified with factor analysis methods. Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) plots were used to determine sensitivities and specificities to detect PD in varying severity. Ordinal regression models were used to determine the coefficients for the final score. RESULTS: Seventy percent had at least mild PD. The items from the questionnaire correlating best with the dentists' assessment were selected for a final 6-item score (number of teeth, gum pockets, receding gums, loose teeth, receding jaw bone and tooth extractions and age). For the detection of any/moderate/severe PD, the bias-corrected areas under the curve (AUC) were 0.81/0.83/0.90. Sensitivity to detect mild PD was 85% and specificity 57%. Very high specificity was achieved for the detection of severe PD with 99% at the cost of low sensitivity (28%). CONCLUSIONS: This patient-reported six-item score has moderate diagnostic properties to study PD in RA patients in epidemiological settings. We propose to use the score as a measure of periodontitis without applying cut-off values.

11.
Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord ; 33(3): 233-239, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31033515

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) are common in Alzheimer Disease (AD). Treatment could be optimized by supplementing the clinician's impression of a patient with information from the caregiver. Yet the agreement between caregivers and physicians on the presence of NPS in patients with AD is understudied. METHODS: Data were obtained from a 2-staged survey in neurology outpatient offices. At stage 1, patients (n=403) were documented by their physicians, including an assessment on the presence of NPS. At stage 2, patients' CGs (n=171) were asked about the presence of NPS in the patients, based on questions from the Neuropsychiatric Inventory. Caregivers were screened for depression with the Depression Screening Questionnaire. PATIENTS: The study sample comprised patients with mild or moderate AD. RESULTS: NPS frequency varied between 52.6% [95% confidence interval (CI), 44.9%-60.3%] and 67.2% (95% CI, 59.7%-74.2%, reported by CGs) and 34.2% (95% CI, 26.8%-42.1%) and 50.9% (95% CI, 42.9%-58.9%, reported by physicians). Apathy, depression, aggression, and irritability occurred most frequently according to both sources. κ values were lowest for euphoria (κ=0.03; 95% CI, -0.08 to 0.25), and highest for depression (κ=0.26; 95% CI, 0.11-0.43). CG depression was associated with an increased probability (odds ratio=2.9; 95% CI, 1.2-6.7) of disagreement between caregivers and physicians on the patient's mental status. CONCLUSION: NPS, though very prevalent in dementia patients, are perceived differently by caregivers and physicians. This divergence increases depending on the psychological health of caregivers.

12.
Respir Res ; 20(1): 59, 2019 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30876420

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QoL) is profoundly impaired in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). However, data is limited regarding the course of QoL. We therefore analysed longitudinal data from the German INSIGHTS-IPF registry. METHODS: Clinical status and QoL were assessed at enrollment and subsequently at 6- to 12-months intervals. A range of different QoL questionnaires including the St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) were used. RESULTS: Data from 424 patients were included; 76.9% male; mean age 68.7 ± 9.1 years, mean FVC% predicted 75.9 ± 19.4, mean DLCO% predicted 36.1 ± 15.9. QoL worsened significantly during follow-up with higher total SGRQ scores (increased by 1.47 per year; 95% CI: 1.17 to 1.76; p < 0.001) and higher UCSD-SOBQ scores and lower EQ-5D VAS and WHO-5 scores. An absolute decline in FVC% predicted of > 10% was associated with a significant deterioration in SGRQ (increasing by 9.08 units; 95% CI: 2.48 to 15.67; p = 0.007), while patients with stable or improved FVC had no significantly change in SGRQ. Patients with a > 10% decrease of DLCO % predicted also had a significant increase in SGRQ (+ 7.79 units; 95% CI: 0.85 to 14.73; p = 0.028), while SQRQ was almost stable in patients with stable or improved DLCO. Patients who died had a significant greater increase in SGRQ total scores (mean 11.8 ± 18.6) at their last follow-up visit prior to death compared to survivors (mean 4.2 ± 18.9; HR = 1.03; 95% CI: 1.01 to 1.04; p < 0.001). All QoL scores across the follow-up period were significantly worse in hospitalised patients compared to non-hospitalised patients, with the worst scores reported in those hospitalised for acute exacerbations. CONCLUSIONS: QoL assessments in the INSIGHTS-IPF registry demonstrate a close relationship between QoL and clinically meaningful changes in lung function, comorbidities, disease duration and clinical course of IPF, including hospitalisation and mortality.


Assuntos
Bases de Dados Factuais/tendências , Progressão da Doença , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/epidemiologia , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Sistema de Registros , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Tempo , Capacidade Vital/fisiologia
13.
Lancet Child Adolesc Health ; 3(4): 204-206, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30819661
14.
Pediatr Rheumatol Online J ; 17(1): 6, 2019 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30744659

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Regular school sports can help adolescents achieve the recommended amount of daily physical activity and provide knowledge, attitudes and behavioral skills that are needed in order to adopt and maintain a physically active lifestyle. Furthermore, it reaches all children including those that are at risk for engaging in more sedentary types of behavior. Since adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) are less involved in physical and social activities than their healthy peers, the objectives were to (1) estimate the prevalence of participation in school sports among patients with JIA; (2) determine the correlates associated with school sports absenteeism; and (3) investigate whether attendance in school sports has changed in the era of biologics. METHODS: Data from schoolchildren with JIA recorded in the German National Paediatric Rheumatologic Database (NPRD) in the years 2000 to 2015 were considered for the analyses. Data from the year 2015 were inspected to analyze correlates of school sports absenteeism. Whether school sports participation had changed between 2000 and 2015 was determined using linear mixed models. RESULTS: During the 15-year period, the participation rates in school sports were determined in 23,016 patients. The proportion of patients who participated in school sports almost always steadily increased from 31% in 2000 to 64% in 2015 (ß = 0.017, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.015, 0.020), whereas the exemption rate simultaneously decreased from 44% in 2000 to 16% in 2015 [ß = - 0.009, 95% CI -0.011, - 0.007]. In 2015, the data from 5879 patients (mean age 13.1 ± 3.3 years, female 65%, disease duration 5.9 ± 4.0 years, persistent oligoarthritis 37%) were available for evaluation. Full exemption from school sports (in 16.1% of cases) was associated with functional limitations, disease activity and any use of DMARDs, intra-articular glucocorticoid injections or physiotherapy. CONCLUSIONS: School sports attendance among children and adolescents with JIA has increased significantly over the past 15 years. Possible explanations include improved functional ability probably due to better treatment options. The integration of patients with child acceptable symptom states who have previously been fully exempted from school sports needs to be addressed in the future.


Assuntos
Artrite Juvenil/reabilitação , Participação do Paciente/tendências , Instituições Acadêmicas/tendências , Esportes/tendências , Absenteísmo , Adolescente , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Alemanha , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos
15.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 1101, 2019 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30705337

RESUMO

Guidelines for prevention of cardiovascular diseases use risk scores to guide the intensity of treatment. A comparison of these scores in a German population has not been performed. We have evaluated the correlation, discrimination and calibration of ten commonly used risk equations in primary care in 4044 participants of the DETECT (Diabetes and Cardiovascular Risk Evaluation: Targets and Essential Data for Commitment of Treatment) study. The risk equations correlate well with each other. All risk equations have a similar discriminatory power. Absolute risks differ widely, in part due to the components of clinical endpoints predicted: The risk equations produced median risks between 8.4% and 2.0%. With three out of 10 risk scores calculated and observed risks well coincided. At a risk threshold of 10 percent in 10 years, the ACC/AHA atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) equation has a sensitivity to identify future CVD events of approximately 80%, with the highest specificity (69%) and positive predictive value (17%) among all the equations. Due to the most precise calibration over a wide range of risks, the large age range covered and the combined endpoint including non-fatal and fatal events, the ASCVD equation provides valid risk prediction for primary prevention in Germany.

16.
Int J Cardiol ; 279: 12-17, 2019 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30545620

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Quantitative flow ratio (QFR) is a novel, adenosine-free method for functional coronary lesion interrogation, which is based on 3-dimensional quantitative coronary angiography and computational algorithms. Data on QFR in all-comer patients with intermediate coronary lesions are scarce, and the diagnostic performance in comparison to resting distal to aortic coronary pressure (Pd/Pa) ratio unknown. METHODS: A total of 436 patients with 516 vessels undergoing FFR measurements were included in the analysis. Diagnostic performance of QFR, distal to aortic coronary pressure (Pd/Pa) ratio, and anatomic indices versus FFR was assessed. RESULTS: FFR ≤0.80 was measured in 19.4% of interrogated vessels. QFR significantly correlated with FFR (r = 0.82, p < 0.001) with good agreement between QFR and FFR (mean difference 0.011, 95% CI 0.008-0.015). The AUC for an FFR ≤0.80 was 0.86 (95% CI 0.83-0.89, p < 0.001) for QFR, 0.76 (0.72-0.80, p < 0.001) for resting Pd/Pa ratio, and 0.63 (0.59-0.67, p < 0.001) for diameter stenosis. The diagnostic accuracy for identifying an FFR ≤0.80 was 93.4% for QFR, 84.3% for resting Pd/Pa ratio, and 80.4% for diameter stenosis. CONCLUSIONS: QFR provides a novel diagnostic tool for functional coronary lesion assessment with superior diagnostic accuracy as compared with resting Pd/Pa ratio and anatomic indices. Future studies are needed to determine the non-inferiority of QFR analysis to FFR assessment with respect to clinical outcomes.


Assuntos
Pressão Arterial/fisiologia , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico/fisiologia , Idoso , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo/fisiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
17.
Psychother Res ; 29(4): 503-513, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28965476

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), a behavioral therapy that targets psychological flexibility (PF), has been shown to be efficacious across a wide range of problems, including chronic work-related stress and perceived stress. ACT's effect on the multiple levels of the acute stress response (i.e., subjective and biological) is less well understood. The aim of the current study was to test whether ACT, by working toward PF, would reduce both the endocrine and subjective evaluations of participants' acute stress response. METHODS: Participants (n = 35) were randomized to an ACT condition or waitlist (WL). Participants in the ACT condition received a two-day ACT workshop on how to flexibly deal with stress. All participants completed a standardized laboratory stress test. RESULTS: The ACT and WL groups did not differ on main comparisons of the endocrine response (i.e., cortisol) or subjective evaluation. Baseline levels of PF moderated some outcomes. Avoidant participants had a stronger endocrine stress reaction if they received the ACT intervention. LIMITATIONS: The control condition was a WL and not an active intervention comparison. CONCLUSIONS: ACT is not useful in reducing the acute stress response and may even be iatrogenic, at least during tasks with little real-world impact for their personal values. Clinical or methodological significance of this article: This was one of the first studies to investigate the impact of an ACT intervention on biological parameters. The short-term intervention did not attenuate acute endocrine stress levels or subjective stress appraisals. Future studies should investigate which interventions and under which conditions attenuate acute and long-term stress responses.


Assuntos
Terapia de Aceitação e Compromisso/métodos , Estresse Psicológico/metabolismo , Estresse Psicológico/fisiopatologia , Estresse Psicológico/terapia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Hidrocortisona/metabolismo , Masculino , Listas de Espera , Adulto Jovem
18.
Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) ; 71(4): 471-481, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30044538

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) long-term outcomes in relation to the time of initiation of biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (bDMARD). METHODS: Outcomes of JIA patients prospectively followed by the Biologika in der Kinderrheumatologie (BiKeR) and Juvenile Arthritis Methotrexate/Biologics Long-Term Observation (JuMBO) registers were analyzed with regard to drug-free remission and inactive disease, functional status and quality of life, and surgery. To analyze the influence of early bDMARD therapy on outcomes, patients were assigned to 3 groups based on the time from symptom onset to bDMARD start (G1: ≤2 years, G2: >2 to ≤5 years, and G3: >5 years). Propensity score-adjusted outcome differences were analyzed by multinomial logistic regression analyses among the groups. RESULTS: A total of 701 JIA patients were observed for mean ± SD 9.1 ± 3.7 years. At the last follow-up (disease duration mean ± SD 14.3 ± 6.1 years), 11.7% of patients were in drug-free remission, and 40.0% had inactive disease. More than half of the patients reported no functional limitation, while 5% had undergone arthroplasty, and 3% had eye surgery. At the 10-year time point, patients in G1 (n = 108) were significantly more likely to be in drug-free remission than those patients who began treatment later (G2, n = 199; G3, n = 259), with 18.5%, 10.1%, and 4.9%, respectively. Patients in G1 had significantly lower disease activity (clinical Juvenile Arthritis Disease Activity Score in 10 joints = 4.9), a better overall well-being (18.2% patient global assessment score = 0), and higher functional status (59.2% Health Assessment Questionnaire score = 0), compared to patients in G3 (7.1, 8.4%, and 43.7%, respectively). G1 patients required arthroplasty significantly less frequently than G3 patients and had significantly lower disease activity over time than patients in both G2 and G3. CONCLUSION: Early DMARD treatment is associated with better disease control and outcomes, which supports the concept of a "window of opportunity" for JIA.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/administração & dosagem , Artrite Juvenil/tratamento farmacológico , Remissão Espontânea , Adolescente , Artrite Juvenil/cirurgia , Criança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 58(6): 975-986, 2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30590748

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To define predictors for the 2-year outcome in terms of achieving inactivity, subsequent uveitis reactivation and occurrence of uveitis-related complications of JIA-associated uveitis. METHODS: Demographic and clinical parameters and serum samples of JIA-associated uveitis patients enrolled in ICON at ⩽1 year of JIA diagnosis were collected at study enrolment, every 3 months during the first year and subsequently every 6 months. Predictors for the 2-year outcome were evaluated by linear mixed models. RESULTS: Of 954 JIA patients included, uveitis occurred in 106 up to the first 2-year follow-up, with 98 of them having complete ophthalmological documentation. In 81.8% and 80.0% of patients, uveitis inactivity was achieved at the 1- and 2-year follow-up after uveitis onset, respectively. JIA onset after the age of 5 years, no use of topical corticosteroids, and adalimumab treatment were significantly associated with an inactive uveitis for at least 6 months (n = 57). Correlates for subsequent uveitis reactivation (n = 16, 30.2%) were age at uveitis onset ⩽5 years and active disease (clinical Juvenile Arthritis Disease Activity Score >4.5). Uveitis-related complications were present in 29.8% of patients at first uveitis documentation and in 30.7% and 32.8% at 1- and 2-year follow-up, respectively. Older age at JIA onset, short duration between JIA and uveitis onset, high anterior chamber (AC) cell grades, poor visual acuity, and topical steroid use at first uveitis documentation correlated with uveitis-related complications. CONCLUSION: In addition to demographic risk factors, JIA disease and uveitis activity scores and adalimumab are significant predictors for the 2-year outcome of JIA-associated uveitis patients.

20.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 20(1): 276, 2018 12 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30545399

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate the 25(OH) vitamin D (25(OH)D) status of patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and determine whether the 25(OH)D level is associated with disease activity and the course of JIA. METHODS: Patients ≤ 16 years of age with recently diagnosed JIA (< 12 months) were enrolled in the inception cohort of patients with newly diagnosed JIA (ICON), an ongoing prospective observational, controlled multicenter study started in 2010. Clinical and laboratory parameters were ascertained quarterly during the first year and half-yearly thereafter. Of the 954 enrolled patients, 360 patients with two blood samples taken during the first 2 years after inclusion and with follow up of 3 years were selected. The serum 25(OH)D levels were determined and compared with those of subjects from the general population after matching for age, sex, migration status and the month of blood-drawing. RESULTS: Nearly half of the patients had a deficient 25(OH)D level (< 20 ng/ml) in the first serum sample and a quarter had a deficient level in both samples. Disease activity and the risk of developing JIA-associated uveitis were inversely correlated with the 25(OH)D level (ß = - 0.20, 95% CI - 0.37; 0.03, hazard ratio 0.95, 95% CI 0.91; 0.99, respectively). CONCLUSION: In this study, 25(OH)D deficiency was common and associated with higher disease activity and risk of developing JIA-associated uveitis. Further studies are needed to substantiate these results and determine whether correcting 25(OH)D deficiency is beneficial in JIA.


Assuntos
Artrite Juvenil/sangue , Uveíte/sangue , Deficiência de Vitamina D/sangue , Vitamina D/sangue , Adolescente , Artrite Juvenil/diagnóstico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Valores de Referência , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Uveíte/diagnóstico , Deficiência de Vitamina D/diagnóstico
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