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1.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 2877, 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32051507

RESUMO

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

2.
Cancer Discov ; 10(1): 86-103, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601552

RESUMO

Hematogenous metastasis is initiated by a subset of circulating tumor cells (CTC) shed from primary or metastatic tumors into the blood circulation. Thus, CTCs provide a unique patient biopsy resource to decipher the cellular subpopulations that initiate metastasis and their molecular properties. However, one crucial question is whether CTCs derived and expanded ex vivo from patients recapitulate human metastatic disease in an animal model. Here, we show that CTC lines established from patients with breast cancer are capable of generating metastases in mice with a pattern recapitulating most major organs from corresponding patients. Genome-wide sequencing analyses of metastatic variants identified semaphorin 4D as a regulator of tumor cell transmigration through the blood-brain barrier and MYC as a crucial regulator for the adaptation of disseminated tumor cells to the activated brain microenvironment. These data provide the direct experimental evidence of the promising role of CTCs as a prognostic factor for site-specific metastasis. SIGNIFICANCE: Interests abound in gaining new knowledge of the physiopathology of brain metastasis. In a direct metastatic tropism analysis, we demonstrated that ex vivo-cultured CTCs from 4 patients with breast cancer showed organotropism, revealing molecular features that allow a subset of CTCs to enter and grow in the brain.This article is highlighted in the In This Issue feature, p. 1.

3.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 17470, 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31767951

RESUMO

Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) shed from solid tumors can serve as a minimally invasive liquid biopsy for monitoring disease progression. Because CTCs are rare and heterogeneous, their biological properties need to be investigated at the single cell level, which requires efficient ways to isolate and analyze live single CTCs. Current methods for CTC isolation and identification are either performed on fixed and stained cells or need multiple procedures to isolate pure live CTCs. Here, we used the AccuCyte-RareCyte system to develop a Protocol for Integrated Capture and Retrieval of Ultra-pure single live CTCs using Negative and positive selection (PIC&RUN). The positive selection module of PIC&RUN identifies CTCs based on detection of cancer surface markers and exclusion of immune markers. Combined with a two-step cell picking protocol to retrieve ultrapure single CTCs, the positive selection module is compatible for downstream single cell transcriptomic analysis. The negative selection module of PIC&RUN identifies CTCs based on a live cell dye and the absence of immune markers, allowing retrieval of viable CTCs that are suitable for ex vivo culture. This new assay combines the CTC capture and retrieval in one integrated platform, providing a valuable tool for downstream live CTC analyses.

4.
J Crit Care ; 53: 231-235, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277050

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess health-related quality of life (HRQOL) following rehabilitation of amputees suffering symmetric peripheral gangrene (SPG) after septic shock. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in nine French specialized rehabilitation centers. Thirty-two ICU adult patients hospitalized between 2005 and 2015 for septic shock who additionally presented with SPG resulting in at least two major amputations were enrolled. HRQOL was assessed by EQ-5D-3 L questionnaire. RESULTS: All patients (mean ICU length of stay 39 ±â€¯22d, SAPS II 58 ±â€¯18) had both lower limbs amputated and 84% were quadruple amputees. HRQOL, assessed 4.8 ±â€¯2.8 years after amputation, was inferior to the French reference. However, patients' self-rated health status was similar to the reference at the time of HRQOL assessment. The main factor of impaired HRQOL was intense phantom pain, not the mobility or self-care dimensions of EQ-5D. All patients except one preferred to be treated again for SPG despite disability. CONCLUSION: ICU survivors referred to rehabilitation centers after SPG-related amputations had impaired HRQOL. At the time of HRQOL assessment, they considered themselves in good health and preferred to be treated again despite disability. Appraisal of long-term functional outcome should not be used to guide end-of-life decision-making in this situation.

5.
Nanoscale ; 8(9): 5268-79, 2016 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26879405

RESUMO

DDB2, known for its role in DNA repair, was recently shown to reduce mammary tumor invasiveness by inducing the transcription of IκBα, an inhibitor of NF-κB activity. Since cellular adhesion is a key event during the epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) leading to the invasive capacities of breast tumor cells, the aim of this study was to investigate the role of DDB2 in this process. Thus, using low and high DDB2-expressing MDA-MB231 and MCF7 cells, respectively, in which DDB2 expression was modulated experimentally, we showed that DDB2 overexpression was associated with a decrease of adhesion abilities on glass and plastic areas of breast cancer cells. Then, we investigated cell nanomechanical properties by atomic force microscopy (AFM). Our results revealed significant changes in the Young's Modulus value and the adhesion force in MDA-MB231 and MCF7 cells, whether DDB2 was expressed or not. The cell stiffness decrease observed in MDA-MB231 and MCF7 expressing DDB2 was correlated with a loss of the cortical actin-cytoskeleton staining. To understand how DDB2 regulates these processes, an adhesion-related gene PCR-Array was performed. Several adhesion-related genes were differentially expressed according to DDB2 expression, indicating that important changes are occurring at the molecular level. Thus, this work demonstrates that AFM technology is an important tool to follow cellular changes during tumorigenesis. Moreover, our data revealed that DDB2 is involved in early events occurring during metastatic progression of breast cancer cells and will contribute to define this protein as a new marker of metastatic progression in this type of cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/biossíntese , Módulo de Elasticidade , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Neoplasias/biossíntese , Neoplasias da Mama/química , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/ultraestrutura , Adesão Celular , Feminino , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Microscopia de Força Atômica , Metástase Neoplásica
6.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 77: 139-51, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25224035

RESUMO

Breast cancer is one of the most common malignancies of all cancers in women worldwide. Many difficulties reside in the prediction of tumor metastatic progression because of the lack of sufficiently reliable predictive biological markers, and this is a permanent preoccupation for clinicians. Manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) may represent a rational candidate as a predictive biomarker of breast tumor metastatic progression, because its gene expression is profoundly altered between early and advanced breast cancer, in contrast to expression in the normal mammary gland. In this review, we report the characterization of some gene polymorphisms and molecular mechanisms of SOD2 gene regulation, which allows a better understanding of how MnSOD is decreased in early breast cancer and increased in advanced breast cancer. Several studies display the biological significance of MnSOD level in proliferation as well as in invasive and angiogenic abilities of breast tumor cells by controlling superoxide anion radical (O2(•-)) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Particularly, they report how these reactive oxygen species may activate some signaling pathways involved in breast tumor growth. Emerging understanding of these findings provides an interesting framework for guiding translational research and suggests a way to define precisely the clinical interest of MnSOD as a prognostic and/or predicting marker in breast cancer, by associating with some regulators involved in SOD2 gene regulation and other well-known biomarkers, in addition to the typical clinical parameters.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/enzimologia , Superóxido Dismutase/fisiologia , Animais , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Proliferação de Células , Indução Enzimática , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica , Estresse Oxidativo , Polimorfismo Genético , Superóxidos/metabolismo
7.
Cancer Res ; 73(16): 5040-52, 2013 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23774208

RESUMO

The DNA repair protein damaged DNA-binding 2 (DDB2) has been implicated in promoting cell-cycle progression by regulating gene expression. DDB2 is selectively overexpressed in breast tumor cells that are noninvasive, but not in those that are invasive. We found that its overexpression in invasive human breast tumor cells limited their motility and invasiveness in vitro and blocked their ability to colonize lungs in vivo, defining a new function for DDB2 in malignant progression. DDB2 overexpression attenuated the activity of NF-κB and the expression of its target matrix metalloprotease 9 (MMP9). Mechanistic investigations indicated that DDB2 decreased NF-κB activity by upregulating expression of IκBα by binding the proximal promoter of this gene. This effect was causally linked to invasive capacity. Indeed, knockdown of DDB2-induced IκBα gene expression restored NF-κB activity and MMP9 expression, along with the invasive properties of breast tumor cells overexpressing DDB2. Taken together, our findings enlighten understanding of how breast cancer cells progress to an invasive phenotype and underscore potential clinical interest in DDB2 as a prognostic marker or therapeutic target in this setting.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Proteínas I-kappa B/genética , Proteínas I-kappa B/metabolismo , Células MCF-7 , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Inibidor de NF-kappaB alfa , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Invasividade Neoplásica , Prognóstico , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Transcrição Genética , Regulação para Cima/genética
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