Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 48
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31912448

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation recurrence (AFR) is common after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI), and the rate does not differ between radiofrequency (RF) and cryoballoon (CB) ablation. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of the ablation modality used at the index PVI on the outcome after redo PVI in patients with paroxysmal AF. METHODS: In this prospective, single-center, non-randomized study, consecutive patients with paroxysmal AF who have undergone the index PVI with either RF ablation (RF group) or 2nd-generation CB (CB group) were included. The primary endpoint was freedom from recurrence of atrial arrhythmia lasting > 30 s. RESULTS: A total of 105 patients undergoing redo PVI for paroxysmal AF were included (median age 61 years; 24% female; left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) 57 ± 8%; left atrial volume index (LAVI) 34 ± 11 mm). Index PVI was done either with focal RF (n = 81) or with CB (n = 24) and redo PVI only with focal RF. Total procedure time (139 vs. 113 min, p = 0.10) and RF delivery time (1017 vs. 870 s, p = 0.33) of the redo PVI were not significantly different. After a median follow-up of 371 (185-470) days, there were no differences between the RF and CB groups regarding the AFR rate after the second PVI (24 vs. 23%, p = 0.89). The Kaplan-Meier analysis showed no difference between the groups regarding AFR freedom time (p = 0.81). In multivariable logistic regression, only coronary artery disease was identified as an independent long-term predictor of AFR (OR 4.15, 95% CI 1.17-14.71, p = 0.027). CONCLUSIONS: The ablation modality used at the index PVI has no impact on long-term outcome after redo PVI in patients with paroxysmal AF.

3.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 31(2): 410-416, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31840899

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency catheter ablation of idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) is performed to eliminate symptoms and to prevent or reverse arrhythmia-induced cardiomyopathy. Preprocedural prediction of the chamber of VA origin is critical for patient counseling, procedure planning, and guidance of invasive mapping. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the performance of manual expert versus automated 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) analysis in the prediction of VA origin. METHODS: Patients with ablation of idiopathic VA and sustained success were included. The VA origin was defined as the site where ablation caused arrhythmia suppression. Standard baseline 12-lead ECGs with documentation of the VA were analyzed manually in a blinded fashion by three electrophysiologists and three electrophysiology (EP) fellows. In addition, the same standard 12-lead ECG was analyzed by an automated computer algorithm using a vectorcardiographic approach. RESULTS: Thirty-eight patients (median age, 47 [interquartile range, 37-58]; 68% female) were enrolled. The VA originated from the right ventricle in 24 (63%) and the left ventricle in 14 (37%) patients. The electrophysiologists and EP fellows identified the VA chamber of origin with a similar accuracy of 73% and 72% (P = .72). The automated algorithm showed a higher accuracy of 89% (P = .03 compared with electrophysiologists and EP fellows). This resulted in a sensitivity of 95% and specificity of 86%. CONCLUSION: While the manual ECG analysis of the standard 12-lead ECG by both electrophysiologists and EP fellows correctly identified the chamber of VA origin in around 75% of cases, an automated vectorcardiographic computer algorithm achieved an accuracy of 89% with clinically acceptable diagnostic parameters.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31836965

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High values of ECG and intracardiac dominant frequency (DF) are indicative of significant atrial remodeling in persistent atrial fibrillation (peAF). We hypothesized that patients with peAF unresponsive to ablation display higher ECG and intracardiac DFs than those remaining in sinus rhythm (SR) on the long term. METHODS: Forty consecutive patients underwent stepwise ablation for peAF (sustained duration 19 ± 11 months). Electrograms were recorded before ablation at 13 left atrium (LA) sites and at the right atrial appendage (RAA) and coronary sinus (CS) synchronously to the ECG. DF was defined as the highest peak within the power spectrum. RESULTS: peAF was terminated within the LA in 28 patients (left-terminated [LT]), whereas 12 patients remaining in AF after ablation (not left-terminated [NLT]) were cardioverted. Over a mean follow-up of 34 ± 14 months, all 12 NLT patients had a recurrence. Of the LT patients, 71% had a recurrence (20/28, LT_Rec), while 29% remained in SR throughout the follow-up (8/28, LT_SR). DF values and correlations between pairs of LA appendage (LAA), RAA, and CS DFs showed distinctive patterns among the subgroups. The NLT subgroup displayed the highest ECG and intracardiac DFs, with strong intragroup homogeneity between pairs of CS and LAA DFs, and to a lesser extent between pairs of CS and RAA DFs. Conversely, the LT_SR subgroup showed the lowest DFs, with significant intragroup heterogeneity between pairs of CS and both LAA and RAA DFs. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with peAF unresponsive to ablation show high surface and intracardiac DFs indicative of severe and uniform bi-atrial remodeling.

6.
JACC Clin Electrophysiol ; 5(12): 1406-1414, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31857039

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and management of left atrial (LA) thrombi detected by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). BACKGROUND: Little data are available on LA thrombi before PVI. METHODS: All patients scheduled for PVI between April 2010 and April 2018 undergoing pre-procedural TEE were analyzed. Management of LA thrombus was at the discretion of the treating physician. RESULTS: In this study, 1,753 pre-procedural TEE from 1,358 patients (mean age 61 ± 10 years, 28% female) were included. Anticoagulation was used in 86% of all TEE (51% with direct oral anticoagulants [DOAC], 35% with vitamin K antagonists [VKA]). Thrombi were found in 11 TEE (0.6%), all in the LA appendage. Of the 11 patients with a thrombus, 5 (46%) had paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, 2 (18%) had a CHA2DS2-VASc (Congestive Heart Failure, Hypertension, Age ≥75 Years, Diabetes Mellitus, Prior Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack or Thromboembolism, Vascular Disease, Age 65 to 74 Years, Sex) score of 1, and 5 (46%) were in sinus rhythm at the time of TEE. Of the 8 patients (72%) on anticoagulation therapy, 5 were treated with DOAC and 3 with VKA. Starting anticoagulation (n = 3), switching to VKA with a target international normalized ratio of 2.5 to 3 (n = 3), or switching to a DOAC (n = 1) or a different DOAC (n = 4) resulted in thrombus resolution in 9 of 11 patients (82%). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with atrial fibrillation scheduled for PVI, LA thrombi are rare and present in <1%. Thrombi were found in patients on VKA and DOAC, in low-risk patients, and despite sinus rhythm. Thrombus resolution was achieved in the majority of patients by changing the anticoagulation regimen.

8.
Europace ; 21(11): 1750-1754, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31384937

RESUMO

AIMS: We aimed to assess the novel concept of using the paced PR interval (PRI) on the surface electrocardiogram (ECG) to prove trans-isthmus block after cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI) ablation for typical atrial flutter (AFl). METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive patients with AFl underwent linear radiofrequency ablation of the inferior CTI (6 o'clock). After AFl termination and/or presumed completion of the CTI line, CTI block was proven by atrial pacing by the ablation catheter medial (5 o'clock) and lateral to the line (7 and 9 o'clock). Corresponding PRIs were measured on the surface ECG. CTI block was assumed, if a sudden increase in the PRI was observed by moving the pacing site from 5 to 7 o'clock, and if the latter was longer than at 9 o'clock. Afterwards, bidirectional CTI block was confirmed by differential pacing. Thirty-one patients (mean age 67 ± 16 years, 81% male) underwent CTI ablation, and 18/31 (58%) were in AFl at the time of ablation (cycle length 249 ± 31 ms). Successful CTI block as defined by the PRI method was achieved in 31/31 (100%), and the mean PRIs during pacing at 5, 7, and 9 o'clock were 203 ± 56 ms, 329 ± 70 ms, and 296 ± 66 ms, respectively. Cavotricuspid isthmus block was confirmed in all patients (100%) by coronary sinus pacing with a reversal of the local activation sequence lateral to the isthmus line. CONCLUSION: The method of PRI analysis on the surface ECG to guide CTI ablation is easy to apply and highly accurate in confirming CTI block. This simple technique enables the novel concept of CTI ablation and proof of block with a single catheter.

9.
Open Heart ; 6(1): e000949, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31168374

RESUMO

Introduction: Myocardial injury markers such as high-sensitive cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) and creatine kinase MB (CK-MB) reflects the amount of myocardial injury with ablation. The aim of the study was to identify the value of myocardial injury markers to predict outcomes after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) using three different ablation technologies. Methods: Consecutive patients undergoing PVI using a standard 3.5 mm irrigated-tip radiofrequency catheter (RF-group), an irrigated multielectrode radiofrequency catheter (IMEA-group) and a second-generation cryoballoon (CB-group) were analysed. Blood samples to measure injury markers were taken before and 18-24 hours after the ablation. Procedural complications were collected and standardised follow-up was performed. Logistic regression was used to identify predictors of recurrence and complications. Results: 96 patients (RF group: n=40, IMEA-group: n=17, CB-group: n=39) undergoing PVI only were analysed (82% male, age 59±10 years). After a follow-up of 12 months, atrial fibrillation (AF) recurred in 45% in the RF-group, 29% in the IMEA-group and 36% in the CB-group (p=0.492). Symptomatic pericarditis was observed in 20% of patients in the RF-group, 15% in the IMEA-group and 5% in the CB-group (p=0.131). None of the injury markers was predictive of AF recurrence or PV reconnection after a single procedure. However, hs-cTnT was identified as a predictor of symptomatic pericarditis (OR: 1.003 [1.001 to 1.005], p=0.015). Conclusion: Hs-cTnT and CK-MB were significantly elevated after PVI, irrespective of the ablation technology used. None of the myocardial injury markers were predictive for AF recurrence or PV reconnection, but hs-cTnT release predicts the occurrence of symptomatic pericarditis after PVI.

10.
Biochem Med (Zagreb) ; 29(2): 020902, 2019 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31223266

RESUMO

Introduction: Difference between high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T concentrations (hs-cTnT) before and after ablation procedure (delta concentration) reflects the amount of myocardial injury. The aim of the study was to investigate hs-cTnT prognostic power for predicting atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence after repeat pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) procedure. Materials and methods: Consecutive patients with paroxysmal AF undergoing repeat PVI using a focal radiofrequency catheter were included in the study. Hs-cTnT was measured before and 18-24 hours after the procedure. Standardized 3, 6 and 12-month follow-up was performed. Cox-regression analysis was used to identify predictors of AF recurrence. Results: A total of 105 patients undergoing repeat PVI were analysed (24% female, median age 61 years). Median (interquartile range) hs-cTnT delta after repeat PVI was 283 (127 - 489) ng/L. After a median follow-up of 12 months, AF recurred in 24 (23%) patients. A weak linear relationship between the total radiofrequency energy delivery time and delta hs-cTnT was observed (Pearson R2 = 0.31, P = 0.030). Delta Hs-cTnT was not identified as a significant long-term predictor of AF recurrence after repeated PVI (P = 0.920). Conclusion: This was the first study evaluating the prognostic power of delta hs-cTnT in predicting AF recurrence after repeat PVI. Delta hs-cTnT does not predict AF recurrence after repeat PVI procedures. Systematic measurement of hs-cTnT after repeat PVI does not add information relevant to outcome.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Doenças Cardiovasculares/sangue , Veias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Troponina T/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
11.
J Cardiol ; 74(1): 53-59, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30711378

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) by means of pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) focuses on the PVs as the putative trigger of AF. However, which classification should be used to identify patients that are most suitable for PVI is uncertain. The aim of the study was to evaluate rhythm-, burden-, and anatomically-based classification schemes to predict success rates after up to two procedures of an ablation strategy strictly aimed at isolation of the PVs. METHODS: Patients with paroxysmal or non-longstanding persistent AF undergoing PVI-only ablation with the option of one repeat PVI in case of AF recurrence were included. An AF burden score (AFB) was determined based on frequency, episode duration, and number of previous cardioversions and then categorized as minimal, mild, moderate, or severe. Two- and three-dimensional anatomical assessment of the left atrium (LA) was performed based on pre-interventional imaging by computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging. RESULTS: Of 195 patients analyzed, 24 presented with recurrence after the last intervention (12%, median follow up: 16±11 months). In multivariable analysis, a more than 6-fold increase of risk for AF recurrence was identified for patients with a severe compared to a mild AFB [hazard ratio: 6.241 (95% confidence interval: 1.914-20.167, p=0.002)]. In contrast to univariable analysis, no other parameter was associated with recurrence in multivariable analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Burden-based (AFB) classification was identified as a significant predictor for AF recurrence even after repeat PVI, while neither anatomical parameters nor the established rhythm-based classification of paroxysmal and persistent AF did.

12.
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol ; 42(1): 101-103, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30133862

RESUMO

Imaging of the heart anatomy plays an important role, especially in catheter ablation for the treatment of arrhythmias in adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD). We present a comprehensive overview of the current state-of-the-art modalities available to plan and guide catheter ablation in an ACHD patient. In addition to the clinical assessment of the computed tomography and the integration of 3D reconstructions into the electroanatomical mapping system, 3D printing and virtual reality assessment showed its value in preprocedural planning of the intervention.


Assuntos
Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Impressão Tridimensional , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Realidade Virtual , Adulto , Terapia Combinada , Técnicas Eletrofisiológicas Cardíacas , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias Congênitas/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Marca-Passo Artificial , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
13.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 107(4): 281-286, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29204691

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Different types of irrigated-tip ablation catheters are available for ablation of atrial flutter (AFL). The aim of this study was to compare an established with a novel dedicated Gold irrigated-tip catheter for ablation of AFL. METHODS AND RESULTS: We compared consecutive patients undergoing ablation of AFL using a standard 3.5 mm irrigated-tip platinum-iridium (Pt-Ir) catheter (Thermocool, TC-group) and a 3.5 mm irrigated gold-tip catheter (Gold-group) specifically designed for cavotricuspid isthmus ablation (CTI). The primary endpoint was acute efficacy (net RF time) to achieve block across the CTI. Secondary endpoints included procedure time, fluoroscopy duration, complications, and recurrence of AFL.153 patients (age 68 ± 11 years, 74% male) were included. Net RF time to achieve CTI block was not different between the TC-group (793 ± 503 s) and the Gold-group (706 ± 422 s; p = 0.406). Total procedure time was not significantly different between the TC-group (70 ± 26 min) and the Gold-group (70 ± 27 min; p = 0.769). A significant difference between the groups was identified for the fluoroscopy duration (TC-group: 934 ± 537 s, Gold-group: 596 ± 362 s, p < 0.001). There were no major complications observed in the groups. Recurrence of AFL occurred in 3 of 66 (5%) in the TC-group and in 2 of 87 (2%) in the Gold-group (p = 0.652). CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, acute and chronic efficacy of the irrigated Pt-Ir and gold-tip catheters were comparable. However, the dedicated catheter design was associated with decreased fluoroscopy duration.


Assuntos
Flutter Atrial/cirurgia , Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Cateteres Cardíacos , Ablação por Cateter/instrumentação , Sistema de Condução Cardíaco/cirurgia , Irrigação Terapêutica/instrumentação , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Flutter Atrial/diagnóstico , Flutter Atrial/fisiopatologia , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Ouro , Sistema de Condução Cardíaco/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Irídio , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Platina , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Radiografia Intervencionista , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Irrigação Terapêutica/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Europace ; 20(2): 271-278, 2018 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28339545

RESUMO

Aims: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with changes in left atrial (LA) volume, but the relationship between LA size, AF burden, and electrical conduction behaviour is still uncertain. The aim of this study was to quantify the association and impact of these parameters on the single-procedure outcome after circumferential antral ablation for pulmonary vein isolation. Methods and results: Left atrial assessment was performed in 129 consecutive patients using pre-procedural imaging in three dimensions (sphericity, indexed volume), two dimensions (diameters), and from echocardiography in one dimension (long axis). Atrial fibrillation burden was classified based on the clinical assessment as paroxysmal and persistent and based on a validated scoring system including frequency, duration of AF episodes, and number of cardioversions into four grades (minimal, mild, moderate, and severe). P-wave duration and PR interval was measured on the 12-lead electrocardiogram at the end of the procedure. Atrial fibrillation burden score (AFB) was minimal (2%), mild (75%), moderate (9%), and severe (14%) and 65% had paroxysmal and 35% had persistent AF. The recurrence rate was significantly higher in patients with persistent AF, with higher AFB, with prolonged P-wave, and with an indexed LA volume > 55 mL/m2. In multivariable analysis, AFB (hazard ratio: 2.018(1.383-2.945), P > 0.001) and a prolonged P-wave (hazard ratio: 2.612(1.248-5.466), P = 0.011) were identified as significant predictors for AF recurrence. Conclusions: In our cohort of patients with symptomatic AF, the AFB and the P-wave duration but none of the anatomical parameter revealed to be independent predictors for AF/AT recurrence after circumferential antral pulmonary vein isolation.


Assuntos
Potenciais de Ação , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Função do Átrio Esquerdo , Ablação por Cateter , Átrios do Coração/cirurgia , Frequência Cardíaca , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Átrios do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Átrios do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Veias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Veias Pulmonares/fisiopatologia , Recidiva , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol ; 40(11): 1213-1217, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28892174

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anatomically guided pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is the cornerstone of atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. However, the position where to confirm electrical isolation is ill-defined. The aim of the current study was to quantify the relationship between the anatomical and electrical definition of the pulmonary vein ostium. METHODS: We analyzed 20 patients with paroxysmal AF undergoing PVI using radiofrequency energy and an electroanatomical mapping system. The anatomical ostium was defined based on the geometry obtained from preprocedural magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography. The electrical ostium was defined at the position with a far-field atrial signal preceding a sharp pulmonary vein (PV) signal without any isoelectric interval in between. RESULTS: The electrically defined ostia were 8.4 ± 4.7 mm more distal in the PV compared to the anatomically defined ostia. The distances varied considerably between the four PVs and were 10.5 ± 6.5 mm, 7.4 ± 4.3 mm, 5.3 ± 4.0 mm, and 8.3 ± 3.4 mm for the left superior, left inferior, right superior, and right inferior PVs, respectively (P  =  0.009). CONCLUSIONS: The position of the electrical and anatomical ostium differs markedly. The site of the electrical ostium is variable within the PV but always more distal in the PV compared to the site of the anatomical ostium.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Veias Pulmonares/anatomia & histologia , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Meios de Contraste , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Iohexol/análogos & derivados , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ondas de Rádio , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
19.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 28(6): 651-658, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28301685

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Arrhythmia recurrence after atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation remains high and requires repeat interventions in a substantial number of patients. We assessed the value of conventional and 3-D echocardiography to predict AF recurrence. METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive patients undergoing AF ablation by means of pulmonary vein isolation were included in a prospective registry. Echocardiograms were obtained prior to the ablation procedure, and analyzed offline in a standardized manner, including 3-D left atrial (LA) volumetry and determination of LA function and sphericity. The primary endpoint, AF recurrence (>30 seconds) between 3 to 12 months after AF ablation, was independently adjudicated. We included 276 patients (73% male, mean age 59.9 ± 9.9 years). Paroxysmal and persistent AF were present in 178 (64%) and 98 (36%) patients, respectively. Mean left ventricular ejection fraction and indexed LA volume in 3-D (LAVI) were 52 ± 12% and 42 ± 13 mL/m2 , respectively. AF recurrence was observed in 110 (40%) patients after a single procedure. Median (interquartile range) time to AF recurrence was 123 (92; 236) days. In multivariable Cox regression models, the only predictors for AF recurrence were the minimal, maximal, and indexed 3-D LA volumes, P = 0.024, P = 0.016, and P = 0.014, respectively. Quartile specific analysis of 3-D LAVI showed an HR of 1.885 (95%CI 1.066-3.334; P for trend = 0.015) for the highest compared to the lowest quartile. CONCLUSION: Our results show the important role of LA volume for the long-term freedom from arrhythmia after AF ablation. These data also highlight the potential of 3-D echocardiography in this context and may facilitate patient selection for AF ablation.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Função do Átrio Esquerdo , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Ecocardiografia Tridimensional , Átrios do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Átrios do Coração/cirurgia , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Potenciais de Ação , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Átrios do Coração/fisiopatologia , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Veias Pulmonares/fisiopatologia , Recidiva , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Europace ; 19(11): 1776-1780, 2017 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28069839

RESUMO

Aims: In patients with cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI) ablation for atrial flutter (AFL), the decision to hold oral anticoagulation (OAC) often becomes an issue. The purpose of this study was to describe the incidence of the development of atrial fibrillation (AF) after CTI ablation in patients with documented AFL with and without a previous history of AF and to identify risk predictors for the occurrence of AF after CTI. Methods and results: We included 364 consecutive patients undergoing successful CTI ablation. Thereof, 230 patients (170 male; age 66 ± 11 years) had AFL only (AFL group) and 134 patients (94 male; age 65 ± 11 years) had AFL and previously documented AF (AFL and AF group). Over a mean follow-up of 22 ± 20 months, 163 (71%) patients in the AFL group and 67 (50%) patients in the AFL and AF groups had no documentation of a recurrent atrial arrhythmia (P < 0.001). AF developed in 51 patients (22%) in the AFL group and in 57 (43%) patients in the AFL and AF groups (P < 0.001). In patients without history of AF, left atrial diameter was the only predictor of development of AF (HR 1.058 [95%CI 1.011-1.108], P = 0.016). Multivariate analysis of the total population identified history of AF (HR 1.918 [95%CI 1.301-2.830], P = 0.001) and BMI as predictors for AF development (HR 1.052 [95%CI 1.012-1.093], P = 0.011). Conclusion: Our results indicate that new-onset AF develops in a significant proportion of patients undergoing CTI for AFL. One should therefore be careful to withhold OAC. Furthermore, pulmonary vein isolation should be considered in conjunction with CTI, particularly in patients with previously documented AF.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Flutter Atrial/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Administração Oral , Idoso , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Fibrilação Atrial/prevenção & controle , Flutter Atrial/diagnóstico , Flutter Atrial/epidemiologia , Flutter Atrial/fisiopatologia , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Suíça/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA