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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34609521

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine whether internal fixation (IF) or hip arthroplasty (HA) is associated with superior outcomes in geriatric nondisplaced femoral neck fracture (FNF) patients. METHODS: Data from the Registry for Geriatric Trauma of the German Trauma Society (ATR-DGU) were analyzed (IF Group 449 and HA Group 1278 patients). In-hospital care and a 120-day postoperative follow-up were conducted. Primary outcomes, including mobility, residential status, reoperation rate, and a generic health status measure (EQ-5D score), and the secondary outcome of mortality were compared between groups. Multivariable analyses were performed to assess independent treatment group associations (odds ratios, ORs) with the primary and secondary end points. RESULTS: Patients in the HA group were older (83 vs. 81 years, p < 0.001) and scored higher on the Identification of Seniors at Risk screening (3 vs. 2, p < 0.001). We observed no differences in residential status, reoperation rate, EQ-5D score, or mortality between groups. After adjusting for key covariates, including prefracture ambulatory capacity, the mobility of patients in the HA group was more frequently impaired at the 120-day follow-up (OR 2.28, 95% confidence interval = 1.11-4.74). CONCLUSION: Treatment with HA compared to treatment with IF led to a more than twofold increase in the adjusted odds of impaired ambulation at the short-term follow-up, while no significant associations with residential status, reoperation rate, EQ-5D index score, or mortality were observed. Thus, IF for geriatric nondisplaced FNFs was associated with superior mobility 120 days after surgery. However, before definitive treatment recommendations can be made, prospective, randomized, long-term studies must be performed to confirm our findings.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34625816

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In most hospitals, acquiring postoperative X-rays after operative treatment of a fracture is the standard. Its value, however, after operative treatment for clavicular fractures is questionable. The aim of this study was to evaluate how often there is a change in treatment plan due to the postoperative X-ray after operative treatment of clavicular fractures when intra-operative images were acquired. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study performed in a level I trauma center. All consecutive patients treated surgically for clavicular fractures between 2014 and 2018 were included. The primary outcome was any deviation from the standard postoperative protocol resulting from the routine postoperative X-ray taken within the first 72 h after surgery. Secondary outcomes included all other complications and re-interventions performed during follow-up of patients with at least 6-month follow-up. RESULTS: In total, 241 patients were included in the study with a mean age of 42 years (SD 17). Only one patient had an abnormality on postoperative X-ray necessitating additional CT-scanning. No additional re-interventions or deviations from standard postoperative protocol were required. For secondary analyses, 187 patients were available. Seven patients had a late implant associated infection: one was detected at the time of implant removal and six during revision for non-union. Six patients had aseptic complications: four with non-union and two with implant failure. One-hundred and seven patients had an implant removal due to irritation after consolidation. CONCLUSION: Routinely performing postoperative X-rays after osteosynthesis for clavicular fractures seems unnecessary. Refraining from performing unnecessary radiographs will decrease exposure to radiation and likely have a beneficial effect on costs, length of hospital stay as well as healthcare consumption. This study was performed in a single center; therefore, it remains to be seen whether the findings are reproducible in another setting.

3.
Foot Ankle Int ; : 10711007211041345, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490796

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lateral lengthening calcaneal osteotomy (LL-CO) is commonly performed as a treatment for an abducted midfoot in pes planovalgus deformity. The purpose of this study is to investigate potential damage to medial structures with a sinus tarsi LL-CO. METHODS: Sixteen cadaver feet were used. Eight feet had an extended lateral approach, and 8 had a limited lateral (sinus tarsi) approach. All underwent a sinus tarsi LL-CO. Specimens were then dissected to identify inadvertent injury to medial structures. RESULTS: Sinus tarsi LL-CO was associated with damage to the sustentaculum tali and medial articular facets in 56% and 62.5% of specimens, respectively. No anterior or posterior facet injuries were found, although 56% of specimens had a confluent medial and anterior facet. CONCLUSION: Damage to the medial articular facet and sustentaculum is possible with a flat cut sinus tarsi LL-CO due to the curved nature of the relevant sinus tarsi and canal anatomy. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Sinus tarsi LL-CO needs to be performed with caution since damage to the subtalar joint is possible. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II, prospective cohort study.

4.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(9): 1526-1533, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34465160

RESUMO

AIMS: The impact of concomitant injuries in patients with proximal femoral fractures has rarely been studied. To date, the few studies published have been mostly single-centre research focusing on the influence of upper limb fractures. A retrospective cohort analysis was, therefore, conducted to identify the impact and distribution of concomitant injuries in patients with proximal femoral fractures. METHODS: A retrospective, multicentre registry-based study was undertaken. Between 1 January 2016 and 31 December 2019, data for 24,919 patients from 100 hospitals were collected in the Registry for Geriatric Trauma. This information was queried and patient groups with and without concomitant injury were compared using linear and logistic regression models. In addition, we analyzed the influence of the different types of additional injuries. RESULTS: A total of 22,602 patients met the inclusion criteria. The overall prevalence of a concomitant injury was 8.2% with a predominance of female patients (8.7% vs 6.9%; p < 0.001). Most common were fractures of the ipsilateral upper limb. Concomitant injuries resulted in prolonged time-to-surgery (by 3.4 hours (95 confidence interval (CI) 2.14 to 4.69)) and extended length of stay in hospital by 2.2 days (95% CI 1.74 to 2.61). Mortality during the admission was significantly higher in the concomitant injury group (7.4% vs 5.3%; p < 0.001). Additionally, walking ability and quality of life were reduced in these patients at discharge. More patients were discharged to a nursing home instead of their own home compared to patients without additional injuries (25.8% vs 30.3%; p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: With a prevalence of 8.2%, the appearance of a concomitant injury is common in elderly patients with hip fracture. These patients are at a greater risk for death during the admission, longer hospital stays, and delayed surgery. This knowledge is clinically important for all who are involved in the treatment of proximal femur fractures. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(9):1526-1533.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Fêmur/epidemiologia , Traumatismo Múltiplo/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Casas de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Prevalência , Qualidade de Vida , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 18404, 2021 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34526606

RESUMO

For proximal femoral nailing, choosing the proper entry point with the aid of C-arm imaging is crucial. Therefore, obtaining accurate radiological views that facilitate sound identification of the tip of the greater trochanter (GT) is of utmost importance. The aim of this study was to define a radiological view characterised by reproducible radiographic landmarks which will allow the reliable identification of the tip of the GT in the anteroposterior view. Anatomical and radiographic features of 16 cadaveric femurs were analysed. The cortical overlap view (COV), characterised by the radiological overlap of the density line of the piriform fossa and the intertrochanteric crest, was identified. It marks the rotation of the proximal femur at which the GT can be accurately identified and used to determine the desired entry point for a proximal femoral nail. Trainees and fully qualified orthopedic trauma surgeons were asked to identify the correct COV in radiological imaging series. Mean internal rotation of the femur to achieve a COV was 17.5° (range 12.8°-21.8°). In the COV the tip of the GT is the highest visible point and the mean distance from the cortical overlap line to the tip of the GT is 4.45 mm. Intra- and inter-rater reliability was high with ICC(2,k) = 0.932 and ICC(2,k) = 0.987 respectively. Trainees achieved higher rates of correct COV identification than specialists. There was no significant correlation between the internal rotation of the femur to achieve the COV and femoral antetorsion. In conclusion, the COV is a highly reproducible radiological view that is characterised by radiographic landmarks easy to recognise. It allows for accurate identification of the tip of the GT, which can be used by the surgeon as a reference to determine the desired entry point for an intramedullary nail.


Assuntos
Pontos de Referência Anatômicos/anatomia & histologia , Fraturas do Fêmur/cirurgia , Fêmur/anatomia & histologia , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/instrumentação , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pontos de Referência Anatômicos/cirurgia , Pinos Ortopédicos , Cadáver , Feminino , Fraturas do Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Fêmur/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Radiografia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
6.
Am J Sports Med ; : 3635465211029642, 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34543085

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: No consensus has been reached regarding the optimal surgical treatment for focal chondral defects of the talus. PURPOSE: A Bayesian network meta-analysis was conducted to compare the clinical scores and complications of mosaicplasty, osteochondral auto- and allograft transplant, microfracture, matrix-assisted autologous chondrocyte transplant, and autologous matrix-induced chondrogenesis (AMIC) for chondral defects of the talus at midterm follow-up. STUDY DESIGN: Bayesian network meta-analysis; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: This Bayesian network meta-analysis followed the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) extension statement for reporting of systematic reviews incorporating network meta-analyses of health care interventions. PubMed, Embase, Google Scholar, and Scopus databases were accessed in February 2021. All clinical trials comparing 2 or more surgical interventions for the management of chondral defects of the talus were accessed. The outcomes of interest were visual analog scale (VAS) score, American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score, rate of failure, and rate of revision surgery. The network meta-analysis were performed through the routine for Bayesian hierarchical random-effects model analysis. The log odds ratio (LOR) effect measure was used for dichotomous variables, and the standardized mean difference (SMD) was used for continuous variables. RESULTS: Data from 13 articles (521 procedures) were retrieved. The median length of the follow-up was 47.8 months (range, 31.7-66.8 months). Analysis of variance revealed no difference between the treatment groups at baseline in terms of age, sex, body mass index, AOFAS score, VAS score, and mean number of defects. AMIC demonstrated the greatest AOFAS score (SMD, 11.27) and lowest VAS score (SMD, -2.26) as well as the lowest rates of failure (LOR, 0.94) and revision (LOR, 0.94). The test for overall inconsistency was not significant. CONCLUSION: At approximately 4 years of follow-up, the AMIC procedure for management of focal chondral defects of the talus produced the best outcome.

7.
Am J Sports Med ; : 3635465211037349, 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34554880

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether the results of osteochondral transplant using autografts or allografts for talar osteochondral defect are equivalent. PURPOSE: A systematic review of the literature was conducted to compare allografts and autografts in terms of patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), MRI findings, and complications. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: This study was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines. The literature search was conducted in February 2021. All studies investigating the outcomes of allograft and/or autograft osteochondral transplant as management for osteochondral defects of the talus were accessed. The outcomes of interest were visual analog scale (VAS) score for pain, American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score, and Magnetic Resonance Observation of Cartilage Repair Tissue (MOCART) score. Data concerning the rates of failure and revision surgery were also collected. Continuous data were analyzed using the mean difference (MD), whereas binary data were evaluated with the odds ratio (OR) effect measure. RESULTS: Data from 40 studies (1174 procedures) with a mean follow-up of 46.5 ± 25 months were retrieved. There was comparability concerning the length of follow-up, male to female ratio, mean age, body mass index, defect size, VAS score, and AOFAS score (P > .1) between the groups at baseline. At the last follow-up, the MOCART (MD, 10.5; P = .04) and AOFAS (MD, 4.8; P = .04) scores were better in the autograft group. The VAS score was similar between the 2 groups (P = .4). At the last follow-up, autografts demonstrated lower rate of revision surgery (OR, 7.2; P < .0001) and failure (OR, 5.1; P < .0001). CONCLUSION: Based on the main findings of the present systematic review, talar osteochondral transplant using allografts was associated with higher rates of failure and revision compared with autografts at midterm follow-up.

8.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(9)2021 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34577807

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Wound infections provoked by alterations in microcirculation are major complications in the treatment of trochanteric femur fractures. Surgical fracture fixation on a traction table is the gold standard for treatment, but the effect on tissue microcirculation is unknown. Microcirculation could be impaired by the pull on the soft-tissue or by a release of vasoactive factors. We hypothesized that intraoperative traction impairs soft-tissue microcirculation. Materials and Methods: In 22 patients (14 women, eight men), average age 78 years (range 36-96 ± 14), with trochanteric femur fractures, non-invasive laser-Doppler spectrophotometry was used to assess oxygen saturation, hemoglobin content, and blood flow in the skin and subcutaneous tissue before and after application of traction. Measurements were recorded in nine locations around the greater trochanter at a depth of 2, 8, and 15 mm before and after fracture reduction by traction. Results: No differences were found in any depth with traction compared to without (oxygen saturation: p = 0.751, p = 0.308, and p = 0.955, haemoglobin content: p = 0.651, p = 0.928, and p = 0.926, blood flow: p = 0.829, p = 0.866, and p = 0.411). Conclusion: In this pilot study, the application of traction does not affect skin and subcutaneous microcirculation in the surgery of proximal femur fractures.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Fêmur , Tração , Adulto , Feminino , Fraturas do Fêmur/cirurgia , Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Fêmur/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Microcirculação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Adulto Jovem
9.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(9)2021 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34577822

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Hip fractures constitute the most debilitating complication of osteoporosis with steadily increasing incidences in the aging population. Their intramedullary nailing can be challenging because of poor anchorage in the osteoporotic femoral head. Cement augmentation of Proximal Femoral Nail Antirotation (PFNA) blades demonstrated promising results by enhancing cut-out resistance in proximal femoral fractures. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of augmentation on the fixation strength of TFN-ADVANCEDTM Proximal Femoral Nailing System (TFNA) blades and screws within the femoral head and compare its effect when they are implanted in centre or anteroposterior off-centre position. Materials and Methods: Eight groups were formed out of 96 polyurethane low-density foam specimens simulating isolated femoral heads with poor bone quality. The specimens in each group were implanted with either non-augmented or cement-augmented TFNA blades or screws in centre or anteroposterior off-centre positions, 7 mm anterior or posterior. Mechanical testing was performed under progressively increasing cyclic loading until failure, in setup simulating an unstable pertrochanteric fracture with a lack of posteromedial support and load sharing at the fracture gap. Varus-valgus and head rotation angles were monitored. A varus collapse of 5° or 10° head rotation was defined as a clinically relevant failure. Results: Failure load (N) for specimens with augmented TFNA head elements (screw/blade centre: 3799 ± 326/3228 ± 478; screw/blade off-centre: 2680 ± 182/2591 ± 244) was significantly higher compared with respective non-augmented specimens (screw/blade centre: 1593 ± 120/1489 ± 41; screw/blade off-centre: 515 ± 73/1018 ± 48), p < 0.001. For both non-augmented and augmented specimens failure load in the centre position was significantly higher compared with the respective off-centre positions, regardless of the head element type, p < 0.001. Augmented off-centre TFNA head elements had significantly higher failure load compared with non-augmented centrally placed implants, p < 0.001. Conclusions: Cement augmentation clearly enhances the fixation stability of TFNA blades and screws. Non-augmented blades outperformed screws in the anteroposterior off-centre position. Positioning of TFNA blades in the femoral head is more forgiving than TFNA screws in terms of failure load.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Fêmur , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas , Fraturas do Quadril , Idoso , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Cimentos Ósseos , Parafusos Ósseos , Cadáver , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos
10.
J Foot Ankle Surg ; 2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34362654

RESUMO

Lateral release is often an integral step in surgical correction of hallux valgus and can be performed using open or minimally invasive techniques. We investigated whether these techniques cause iatrogenic damage to arteries, nerves, tendons, or joint capsules. In this cadaver study, lateral release was performed on 9 pairs of specimens by a specialized foot surgeon. The specimens were randomly assigned to each group. The operations were followed by anatomical preparation, data collection, photo documentation, and statistical analysis. Iatrogenic damage to arteries, nerves, tendons, or joint capsules was rare, regardless of the surgical technique used. However, with the minimally invasive technique, the tendon of the extensor hallucis longus muscle and the sensitive terminal branches of the fibular nerve were at risk due to their anatomical proximity to the access portal. The deep transverse metatarsal ligament was potentially at risk if the adductor hallucis muscle was completely detached from the lateral sesamoid. When the deep transverse metatarsal ligament was transected there was risk of damaging the underlying plantar neurovascular structures. Both surgical techniques are safe in terms of the risk of injury to neighboring neurovascular and soft tissue structures.

11.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(8)2021 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34440965

RESUMO

Background and objectives: In oral and maxillofacial operations, the iliac crest is a commonly used donor site from which to harvest bone for augmentation prior to dental implantation or for reconstruction of jaw defects caused by trauma or pathological lesions. In an aging society, the proportion of elderly patients undergoing iliac crest bone grafting for oral augmentation is growing. Although postoperative morbidity is usually moderate to low, the age and health of the patient should be considered as risk factors for complications and delayed mobilization after the operation. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the postoperative morbidity and complications in elderly patients after the harvesting of iliac crest bone grafts for oral surgery. Material and Methods: Data were collected from a total of 486 patients (aged 7-85) who had a surgical procedure that included the harvesting of iliac crest bone grafts for intraoral transplantation. All patients were operated on between 2005 and 2021 in the Department for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the University Hospital in Aachen, Germany. As parameters for postoperative morbidity and complications, gait disturbances, hypesthesia of cutaneous nerves, incision hernias, iliac crest fractures, delayed wound healing, and unfavorable scar formation at the donor site were all evaluated. Results: The study was performed with 485 patients due to the exclusion of one patient as the only one from whom grafts were taken from both sides. When younger and older patients were compared, neither gait disturbances (p = 0.420), nor hernias (p = 0.239), nor fractures (p = 0.239), nor hypesthesia (p = 0.297), nor wound healing delay (p = 0.294), nor scar problems (p = 0.586) were significantly different. However, the volume of the graft was significantly correlated with the duration of the hospital stay (ρ = 0.30; p < 0.01) but not with gait disturbances (ρ = 0.60; p = 0.597). Additionally, when controlling for age (p = 0.841), sex (p = 0.031), ASA class (p = 0.699), preexisting orthopedic handicaps (p = 0.9828), and the volume of the bone graft (p = 0.770), only male sex was associated with the likelihood of suffering gait disturbances (p = 0.031). Conclusions: In conclusion, harvesting bone grafts from the anterior iliac crest for intraoral augmentation is a safe procedure for both young and elderly patients. Although there is some postoperative morbidity, such as gait disturbances, hypesthesia, scar formation, or delayed wound healing at the donor site, rates for these minor complications are low and mostly of short duration. Major complications, such as fractures or incision hernias, are very rare. However, in our study, the volume of the bone graft was associated with a longer stay in hospital, and this should be considered in the planning of iliac crest bone graft procedures.


Assuntos
Ílio , Coleta de Tecidos e Órgãos , Idoso , Transplante Ósseo , Humanos , Masculino , Morbidade , Dor Pós-Operatória , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(8)2021 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34440996

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Femoral neck fractures are common and constitute one of the largest healthcare burdens of the modern age. Fractures within the joint capsule (intracapsular) provide a specific surgical challenge due to the difficulty in predicting rates of bony union and whether the blood supply to the femoral head has been disrupted in a way that would lead to avascular necrosis. Most femoral neck fractures are treated surgically, aiming to maintain mobility, whilst reducing pain and complications associated with prolonged bedrest. Materials and Methods: We performed a narrative review of intracapsular hip fracture management, highlighting the latest advancements in fixation techniques, generating an evidence-based algorithm for their management. Results: Multiple different fracture configurations are encountered within the category of intracapsular hip fractures, with each pattern having different optimal surgical strategies. Additionally, these injuries typically occur in patients where further procedures due to operative complications are associated with a considerable increase in mortality, highlighting the need for choosing the correct index operation. Conclusions: Factors such as pathological causes for the fracture, pre-existing symptomatic osteoarthritis, patient's physiological age and fracture displacement all need to be considered when choosing optimal management.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Colo Femoral , Algoritmos , Fraturas do Colo Femoral/cirurgia , Cabeça do Fêmur , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(8)2021 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34441000

RESUMO

Background: More than 750,000 fragility fractures occur in Germany every year, with an expected increase in the following years. Interdisciplinary care pathways for geriatric patients are increasingly established to improve the treatment process and outcome, but there has been only limited evaluation of their use. Objectives: This study aimed to compare patient care before and after the implementation of a geriatric trauma center (GTC) in conformity with the German Society for Trauma Surgery (DGU®). Patients and Methods: We performed a retrospective single-center cohort study, including 361 patients >70 years old with lumbar spine, pelvic, and acetabular fractures, admitted between January 2012 and September 2019. Patients were divided into a usual care cohort (UC, n = 137) before implementation and an ortho-geriatric care cohort (OGC, n = 224) after implementation of the GTC DGU®. We recorded and compared demographic data, fracture type, geriatric assessment and management, therapy, complications, and various clinical parameters, e.g., length of stay, time to surgery, hours admitted to ICU, and change in walking ability. Results: The geriatric assessment revealed significant geriatric co-morbidities and a need for geriatric intervention in 75% of the patients. With orthogeriatric co-management, a significant increase in the detection of urological complications (UC: 25.5% vs. OGC: 37.5%; p = 0.021), earlier postoperative mobilization (UC: 57.1% vs. OGC: 86.3%; p < 0.001), an increased prescription of anti-osteoporotic treatment at discharge (UC: 13.1% vs. OGC: 46.8%; p < 0.001), and lower rates of revision surgery (UC: 5.8% vs. OGC: 3.1%; p = 0.012) could be seen. Conclusions: Our results emphasize the improvement in patient care and clinical outcome by implementing a GTC DGU® and provide opportunities for future improvement in ortho-geriatric patient care.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril , Centros de Traumatologia , Idoso , Certificação , Estudos de Coortes , Fraturas do Quadril/epidemiologia , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(8)2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34441001

RESUMO

The treatment of soft tissue defects in multimorbid frail patients requires optimized preoperative and perioperative management with a differentiated interdisciplinary approach. Preoperative assessment with established scores, such as the ASA score, is important in order to stratify the operative complication risk. Following the reconstructive ladder is important to avoid unnecessary long operations and consecutively higher operative risks. In cases where a free flap procedure is needed, infections should be treated properly, and vascular status and coagulation should be optimized before performing a free flap procedure. Attention should be paid to maintain independency, functionality and quality of life while choosing the best treatment option.


Assuntos
Retalhos de Tecido Biológico , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Idoso , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Int Orthop ; 45(9): 2355-2363, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34357432

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess which pre-operative parameters correlate with wound revisions after an extended lateral approach to the calcaneus. METHODS: Pre-operative laser-Doppler spectrophotometry was applied in patients undergoing open reduction and internal fixation. The number of wound revisions was recorded during pos-toperative follow-up. Spearman rho analysis was used to identify factors associated with wound revision and receiver operator characteristics curves were calculated for the identified factors. RESULTS: Thirty-four patients (29 men, 5 women; 37 calcanei) with a mean patient age of 43 ± 14 years were analyzed. The minimal oxygen saturation value at the five measurement locations as well as the minimal value for flow correlated negatively with wound revisions (p value = 0.025 and 0.038, respectively). The area under the curve for the pre-operative minimal value of oxygen saturation was 0.841 (95%CI 0.64-1.00, p = 0.028), indicating a good accuracy as a test to predict wound revision. CONCLUSION: A pre-operative oxygen saturation of at least 20.5% across five measurement points along the anticipated incision identified all patients not needing a wound revision (negative predictive value 100%). On the other hand, patients with at least one measurement below 20.5% were at risk for wound revision surgery (sensitivity 100%, specificity 48.5%). ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01264146.

16.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(7)2021 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34199013

RESUMO

Backgroundand Objectives: Hip fractures are among the most typical geriatric fractures. Subtrochanteric fractures are considered difficult to treat, and, to date, there is no consensus on the optimal surgical treatment. Materialisand Methods: We analyzed data from the Registry for Geriatric Trauma, which includes patients ≥ 70 years old with hip fractures or periprosthetic fractures requiring surgery (21,734 patients in 2017-2019). For this study, we analyzed only the subgroup of patients with a subtrochanteric fracture. We analyzed the difference between closed and open surgical methods on a range of outcomes, including mortality, mobility, length of acute hospital stay, and the need for surgical revisions. Results: A total of 506 patients with subtrochanteric fractures were analyzed in this study. The median age was 85 years (interquartile range of 81-89). About 21.1% (n = 107) were operated on with a closed technique, 73.3% (n = 371) with open reduction without using a cerclage, and 5.53% (n = 28) with open reduction with the additional use of one or more cerclage wires. A total of 3.56% (n = 18) of the patients had complications requiring operative revision, most commonly soft tissue interventions (open vs. closed reduction-3.26% vs. 4.67%) (p = 0.687). Patients treated with open reduction were significantly more mobile 7 days after surgery (p = 0.008), while no significant effects on mortality (p = 0.312), length of hospital stay (p = 0.968), or surgical complications (p = 0.687) were found. Conclusion: Proper reduction is the gold standard practice for successful union in subtrochanteric fractures. This study shows that open reduction is not associated with a higher complication rate but does lead to increased mobility 7 days after operation. Therefore, in case of doubt, a good reduction should be aimed for, even using open techniques.


Assuntos
Pinos Ortopédicos , Fraturas do Quadril , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fêmur , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(6)2021 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34200303

RESUMO

Background and objective: Falls in elderly cause injury, mortality, and loss of independence, making Fear of Falling (FoF) a common health problem. FoF relates to activity restriction and increased fall risk. A voluntary intervention including fall risk assessment and prevention strategies was implemented to reduce falls in elderly patients with low energy fractures (LEF). The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate FoF and the number of subsequent falls in trauma patients one year after a LEF. The secondary aim was to examine how FoF affects patients' lives in terms of Quality of Life (QoL), mobility, and activity levels. Finally, participation in the voluntary fall prevention program (FPP) was evaluated. Materials and Methods: Observational cohort study in one Swiss trauma center. LEF patients, treated between 2012 and 2015, were analyzed one year after injury. Primary outcomes were Falls-Efficacy Score-International (FES-I) and number of subsequent falls. Secondary outcomes were EuroQoL-5-Dimensions-3-Levels (EQ5D-3L), mobility, activity levels, and participation in the FPP. Subgroup analysis was performed for different age categories. Results: 411 patients were included for analysis. Mean age was 72 ± 9.3, mean FES-I was 21.1 ± 7.7. Forty percent experienced FoF. A significant negative correlation between FoF and QoL (R = 0.64; p < 0.001) was found. High FoF correlated with lower activity levels (R= -0.288; p < 0.001). Six percent visited the FPP. Conclusions: At follow-up, 40% suffered from FoF which seems to negatively affect patients' QoL. Nevertheless, participation in the FPP was low. Simply informing patients about their susceptibility to falls and recommending participation in FPPs seems insufficient to motivate and recruit patients into FPPs. We suggest implementing repeated fall risk- and FoF screenings as standard procedures in the follow-up of LEF, especially in patients aged over 75 years.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Medo , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34219193

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This meta-analysis compares open reduction and internal fixation with a plate (ORIF) versus nailing for humeral shaft fractures with regard to union, complications, general quality of life and shoulder/elbow function. METHODS: PubMed/Medline/Embase/CENTRAL/CINAHL was searched for observational studies and randomised clinical trials (RCT). Effect estimates were pooled across studies using random effects models. Results were presented as weighted odds ratio (OR) or risk difference (RD) with corresponding 95% confidence interval (95% CI). Subgroup analysis was performed stratified for study design (RCTs and observational studies). RESULTS: Eighteen observational studies (4906 patients) and ten RCT's (525 patients) were included. The pooled effect estimates of observational studies were similar to those obtained from RCT's. More patients treated with nailing required re-intervention (RD 2%; OR 2.0, 95% CI 1.0-3.8) with shoulder impingement being the most predominant indication (17%). Temporary radial nerve palsy secondary to operation occurred less frequently in the nailing group (RD 2%; OR 0.4, 95% CI 0.3-0.6). Notably, all but one of the radial nerve palsies resolved spontaneously in each groups. Nailing leads to a faster time to union (mean difference - 1.9 weeks, 95% CI - 2.9 to - 0.9), lower infection rate (RD 2%; OR 0.5, 95% CI 0.3-0.7) and shorter operation duration (mean difference - 26 min, 95% CI - 37 to - 14). No differences were found regarding non-union, general quality of life, functional shoulder scores, and total upper extremity scores. CONCLUSION: Nailing carries a lower risk of infection, postoperative radial nerve palsy, has a shorter operation duration and possibly a shorter time to union. Shoulder impingement requiring re-intervention, however, is an inherent disadvantage of nail fixation. Notably, absolute differences are small and almost all patients with radial nerve palsy recovered spontaneously. Satisfactory results can be achieved with both treatment modalities.

19.
J Orthop Traumatol ; 22(1): 23, 2021 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34152483

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Matrix-induced autologous chondrocyte implantation (mACI) can be performed in a full arthroscopic or mini-open fashion. A systematic review was conducted to investigate whether arthroscopy provides better surgical outcomes compared with the mini-open approach for mACI in the knee at midterm follow-up. METHODS: This systematic review was conducted following the PRISMA guidelines. The literature search was performed in May 2021. All the prospective studies reporting outcomes after mACI chondral defects of the knee were accessed. Only studies that clearly stated the surgical approach (arthroscopic or mini-open) were included. Only studies reporting a follow-up longer than 12 months were eligible. Studies reporting data from combined surgeries were not eligible, nor were those combining mACI with less committed cells (e.g., mesenchymal stem cells). RESULTS: Sixteen studies were included, and 770 patients were retrieved: 421 in the arthroscopy group, 349 in the mini-open. The mean follow-up was 44.3 (12-60) months. No difference between the two groups was found in terms of mean duration of symptoms, age, body mass index (BMI), gender, defect size (P > 0.1). No difference was found in terms of Tegner Score (P = 0.3), Lysholm Score (P = 0.2), and International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) Score (P = 0.1). No difference was found in the rate of failures (P = 0.2) and revisions (P = 0.06). CONCLUSION: Arthroscopy and mini-arthrotomy approaches for mACI in knee achieve similar outcomes at midterm follow-up. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: II, systematic review of prospective studies.


Assuntos
Condrócitos/transplante , Artroscopia , Doenças das Cartilagens/cirurgia , Humanos , Traumatismos do Joelho/cirurgia , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Transplante Autólogo
20.
PLoS One ; 16(6): e0251894, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34129607

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To date, it is unclear what the clinical benefit of cement augmentation in fixation for trochanteric fractures is. The aim of this meta-analysis is to compare cement augmentation to no augmentation in fixation of trochanteric femur fractures in the elderly patients (>65 years) following low energy trauma. METHODS: PubMed/Medline/Embase/CENTRAL/CINAHL were searched for both randomized clinical trials (RCT) and observational studies comparing both treatments. Effect estimates were pooled across studies using random effects models. Subgroup analysis was performed stratified by study design (RCTs and observational studies). The primary outcome is overall complication rate. Secondary outcomes include re-operation rate, mortality, operation duration, hospital stay, general quality of life, radiologic measures and functional hip scores. RESULTS: A total of four RCT's (437 patients) and three observational studies (293 patients) were included. The effect estimates of RCTs were equal to those obtained from observational studies. Cement augmentation has a significantly lower overall complication rate (28.3% versus 47.2%) with an odds ratio (OR) of 0.3 (95%CI 0.1-0.7). The occurrence of device/fracture related complications was the largest contributing factor to this higher overall complication rate in the non-augmented group (19.9% versus 6.0%, OR 0.2, 95%CI 0.1-0.6). Cement augmentation also carries a lower risk for re-interventions (OR 0.2, 95%CI 0.1-0.7) and shortens the hospital stay with 2 days (95%CI -2.2 to -0.5 days). The mean operation time was 7 minutes longer in the augmented group (95%CI 1.3-12.9). Radiological scores (lag screw/blade sliding mean difference -3.1mm, 95%CI -4.6 to -1.7, varus deviation mean difference -6.15°, 95%CI; -7.4 to -4.9) and functional scores (standardized mean difference 0.31, 95%CI 0.0-0.6) were in favor of cement augmentation. Mortality was equal in both groups (OR 0.7, 95%CI 0.4-1.3) and cement related complications were rare. CONCLUSION: Cement augmentation in fixation of trochanteric femoral fractures leads to fewer complications, re-operations and shorter hospital stay at the expense of a slightly longer operation duration. Cementation related complications occur rarely and mortality is equal between treatment groups. Based on these results, cement augmentation should be considered for trochanteric fractures in elderly patients.

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