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Nat Commun ; 10(1): 695, 2019 02 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30741944


The functionality and performance of a semiconductor is determined by its bandgap. Alloying, as for instance in InxGa1-xN, has been a mainstream strategy for tuning the bandgap. Keeping the semiconductor alloys in the miscibility gap (being homogeneous), however, is non-trivial. This challenge is now being extended to halide perovskites - an emerging class of photovoltaic materials. While the bandgap can be conveniently tuned by mixing different halogen ions, as in CsPb(BrxI1-x)3, the so-called mixed-halide perovskites suffer from severe phase separation under illumination. Here, we discover that such phase separation can be highly suppressed by embedding nanocrystals of mixed-halide perovskites in an endotaxial matrix. The tuned bandgap remains remarkably stable under extremely intensive illumination. The agreement between the experiments and a nucleation model suggests that the size of the nanocrystals and the host-guest interfaces are critical for the photo-stability. The stabilized bandgap will be essential for the development of perovskite-based optoelectronics, such as tandem solar cells and full-color LEDs.

Adv Mater ; 28(40): 8983-8989, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27530447


Highly bright light-emitting diodes based on solution-processed all-inorganic perovskite thin film are demonstrated. The cesium lead bromide (CsPbBr3 ) created using a new poly(ethylene oxide)-additive spin-coating method exhibits photoluminescence quantum yield up to 60% and excellent uniformity of electrical current distribution. Using the smooth CsPbBr3 films as emitting layers, green perovskite-based light-emitting diodes (PeLEDs) exhibit electroluminescent brightness and efficiency above 53 000 cd m-2 and 4%: a new benchmark of device performance for all-inorganic PeLEDs.