Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 119
Filtrar
1.
BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil ; 13(1): 127, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645499

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Superior shoulder motion with rotator cuff activation are essential for the performance of the throwing athletes. The present study compared the novel beginning movement load training (BMLT) and popular throwers ten program regarding the training efficacy of baseball throwers. We hypothesized that the BMLT contributed the superior training efficacy than popular throwers ten program. METHODS: Forty adult baseball players were randomized into study group and control group equally. In study group, the cyclic shoulder motion was repeatedly operated 3 days in a week and lasted for 6 weeks using three different BMLT training machines. As for control group, three popular cyclic training in the throwers ten program were adopted for the shoulder trainings as the same protocol in study group. The evaluations before and after training included the static range of motion (ROM), the maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVICs) of the target muscle (pectoralis major, middle deltoid and supraspinatus) and throwing velocity. RESULT: After 6-week course, study group had significant wider static ROM in saggital adduction (p = 0.002), coronal internal rotation (p = 0.018) and external rotation (p = 0.044) than in control group. The maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) ratio of middle deltoid/supraspinatus was significant lower in study group (Study:Control = 1.14 ± 0.76:3.56 ± 5.57, p = 0.049) which indicated the enhanced supraspinatus maximal contraction in the study group after training. In addition, the study group had significant improvement in throwing speed (117 ± 10 vs. 109 ± 10 km/h, p = 0.040). CONCLUSION: The BMLT contributed the superiority in range of motion, recruitment of supraspinatus and throwing velocity than the popular thrower's ten program. It could be a favourable training for the overhead activity.

2.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 10(9)2021 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34573026

RESUMO

Bone-forming cells build mineralized microstructure and couple with bone-resorbing cells, harmonizing bone mineral acquisition, and remodeling to maintain bone mass homeostasis. Mitochondrial glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation pathways together with ROS generation meet the energy requirement for bone-forming cell growth and differentiation, respectively. Moderate mechanical stimulations, such as weight loading, physical activity, ultrasound, vibration, and electromagnetic field stimulation, etc., are advantageous to bone-forming cell activity, promoting bone anabolism to compromise osteoporosis development. A plethora of molecules, including ion channels, integrins, focal adhesion kinases, and myokines, are mechanosensitive and transduce mechanical stimuli into intercellular signaling, regulating growth, mineralized extracellular matrix biosynthesis, and resorption. Mechanical stimulation changes mitochondrial respiration, biogenesis, dynamics, calcium influx, and redox, whereas mechanical disuse induces mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress, which aggravates bone-forming cell apoptosis, senescence, and dysfunction. The control of the mitochondrial biogenesis activator PGC-1α by NAD+-dependent deacetylase sirtuins or myokine FNDC/irisin or repression of oxidative stress by mitochondrial antioxidant Nrf2 modulates the biophysical stimulation for the promotion of bone integrity. This review sheds light onto the roles of mechanosensitive signaling, mitochondrial dynamics, and antioxidants in mediating the anabolic effects of biophysical stimulation to bone tissue and highlights the remedial potential of mitochondrial biogenesis regulators for osteoporosis.

3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(17)2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34502056

RESUMO

Skeletal tissue involves systemic adipose tissue metabolism and energy expenditure. MicroRNA signaling controls high-fat diet (HFD)-induced bone and fat homeostasis dysregulation remains uncertain. This study revealed that transgenic overexpression of miR-29a under control of osteocalcin promoter in osteoblasts (miR-29aTg) attenuated HFD-mediated body overweight, hyperglycemia, and hypercholesterolemia. HFD-fed miR-29aTg mice showed less bone mass loss, fatty marrow, and visceral fat mass together with increased subscapular brown fat mass than HFD-fed wild-type mice. HFD-induced O2 underconsumption, respiratory quotient repression, and heat underproduction were attenuated in miR-29aTg mice. In vitro, miR-29a overexpression repressed transcriptomic landscapes of the adipocytokine signaling pathway, fatty acid metabolism, and lipid transport, etc., of bone marrow mesenchymal progenitor cells. Forced miR-29a expression promoted osteogenic differentiation but inhibited adipocyte formation. miR-29a signaling promoted brown/beige adipocyte markers Ucp-1, Pgc-1α, P2rx5, and Pat2 expression and inhibited white adipocyte markers Tcf21 and Hoxc9 expression. The microRNA also reduced peroxisome formation and leptin expression during adipocyte formation and downregulated HFD-induced leptin expression in bone tissue. Taken together, miR-29a controlled leptin signaling and brown/beige adipocyte formation of osteogenic progenitor cells to preserve bone anabolism, which reversed HFD-induced energy underutilization and visceral fat overproduction. This study sheds light on a new molecular mechanism by which bone integrity counteracts HFD-induced whole-body fat overproduction.


Assuntos
Gordura Intra-Abdominal/metabolismo , Leptina/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Osteoporose/metabolismo , Adipócitos/citologia , Adipócitos/metabolismo , Sistemas de Transporte de Aminoácidos Neutros/genética , Sistemas de Transporte de Aminoácidos Neutros/metabolismo , Animais , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/genética , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/metabolismo , Leptina/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , MicroRNAs/genética , Osteoblastos/citologia , Osteoporose/genética , Coativador 1-alfa do Receptor gama Ativado por Proliferador de Peroxissomo/genética , Coativador 1-alfa do Receptor gama Ativado por Proliferador de Peroxissomo/metabolismo , Peroxissomos/metabolismo , Receptores Purinérgicos P2X5/genética , Receptores Purinérgicos P2X5/metabolismo , Simportadores/genética , Simportadores/metabolismo , Termogênese , Proteína Desacopladora 1/genética , Proteína Desacopladora 1/metabolismo
4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(17)2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34502380

RESUMO

Biophysical stimulation alters bone-forming cell activity, bone formation and remodeling. The effect of piezoelectric microvibration stimulation (PMVS) intervention on osteoporosis development remains uncertain. We investigated whether 60 Hz, 120 Hz, and 180 Hz PMVS (0.05 g, 20 min/stimulation, 3 stimulations/week for 4 consecutive weeks) intervention affected bone integrity in ovariectomized (OVX) mice or osteoblastic activity. PMVS (120 Hz)-treated OVX mice developed fewer osteoporosis conditions, including bone mineral density loss and trabecular microstructure deterioration together with decreased serum resorption marker CTX-1 levels, as compared to control OVX animals. The biomechanical strength of skeletal tissue was improved upon 120 Hz PMVS intervention. This intervention compromised OVX-induced sparse trabecular bone morphology, osteoblast loss, osteoclast overburden, and osteoclast-promoting cytokine RANKL immunostaining and reversed osteoclast inhibitor OPG immunoreactivity. Osteoblasts in OVX mice upon PMVS intervention showed strong Wnt3a immunoreaction and weak Wnt inhibitor Dkk1 immunostaining. In vitro, PMVS reversed OVX-induced loss in von Kossa-stained mineralized nodule formation, Runx2, and osteocalcin expression in primary bone-marrow stromal cells. PMVS also promoted mechanoreceptor Piezo1 expression together with increased microRNA-29a and Wnt3a expression, whereas Dkk1 rather than SOST expression was repressed in MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts. Taken together, PMVS intervention promoted Piezo1, miR-29a, and Wnt signaling to upregulate osteogenic activity and repressed osteoclastic bone resorption, delaying estrogen deficiency-induced loss in bone mass and microstructure. This study highlights a new biophysical remedy for osteoporosis.


Assuntos
Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Osteoporose/terapia , Terapia por Ultrassom/métodos , Animais , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Densidade Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Reabsorção Óssea/metabolismo , Osso e Ossos/metabolismo , Calcificação Fisiológica , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Estrogênios/metabolismo , Feminino , Canais Iônicos/metabolismo , Canais Iônicos/fisiologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Osteoblastos/fisiologia , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoporose/metabolismo , Ovariectomia , Transdução de Sinais , Ondas Ultrassônicas , Proteína Wnt3A/metabolismo
5.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 10(8)2021 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34439496

RESUMO

Senescent osteoblast overburden accelerates bone mass loss. Little is understood about microRNA control of oxidative stress and osteoblast senescence in osteoporosis. We revealed an association between microRNA-29a (miR-29a) loss, oxidative stress marker 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), DNA hypermethylation marker 5-methylcystosine (5mC), and osteoblast senescence in human osteoporosis. miR-29a knockout mice showed low bone mass, sparse trabecular microstructure, and osteoblast senescence. miR-29a deletion exacerbated bone loss in old mice. Old miR-29a transgenic mice showed fewer osteoporosis signs, less 5mC, and less 8-OHdG formation than age-matched wild-type mice. miR-29a overexpression reversed age-induced senescence and osteogenesis loss in bone-marrow stromal cells. miR-29a promoted transcriptomic landscapes of redox reaction and forkhead box O (FoxO) pathways, preserving oxidation resistance protein-1 (Oxr1) and FoxO3 in old mice. In vitro, miR-29a interrupted DNA methyltransferase 3b (Dnmt3b)-mediated FoxO3 promoter methylation and senescence-associated ß-galactosidase activity in aged osteoblasts. Dnmt3b inhibitor 5'-azacytosine, antioxidant N-acetylcysteine, or Oxr1 recombinant protein attenuated loss in miR-29a and FoxO3 to mitigate oxidative stress, senescence, and mineralization matrix underproduction. Taken together, miR-29a promotes Oxr1, compromising oxidative stress and FoxO3 loss to delay osteoblast aging and bone loss. This study sheds light on a new antioxidation mechanism by which miR-29a protects against osteoblast aging and highlights the remedial effects of miR-29a on osteoporosis.

6.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 10(5)2021 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34066452

RESUMO

(1) Background: Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is common complication of diabetes. Current therapy for DN does not include promotion of podocyte protection. Therefore, we investigated the therapeutic effect of melatonin (Mel) combined extracorporeal shock wave (SW) therapy on a DN rat model. (2) Methods: The DN rats were treated with Mel (5 mg/kg) twice a week for 6 weeks and SW treatment once a week (0.13 mJ/mm2) for 6 weeks. We assessed urine microalbumin, albumin to creatinine ratio (ACR), glomerular hypertrophy, glomerular fibrosis, podocyte markers (Wilm's tumor protein-1, synaptopodin and nephrin), cell proliferation, cell survival, cell apoptosis, renal inflammation and renal oxidative stress. (3) Results: The Mel combined SW therapy regimen significantly reduced urine microalbumin excretion (3.3 ± 0.5 mg/dL, p < 0.001), ACR (65.2 ± 8.3 mg/g, p < 0.001), glomerular hypertrophy (3.1 ± 0.1 × 106 µm3, p < 0.01) and glomerular fibrosis (0.9 ± 0.4 relative mRNA fold, p < 0.05). Moreover, the Mel combined SW therapy regimen significantly increased podocyte number (44.1 ± 5.0% area of synaptopodin, p < 0.001) in the Mel combined SW group. This is likely primarily because Mel combined with SW therapy significantly reduced renal inflammation (753 ± 46 pg/mg, p < 0.01), renal oxidative stress (0.6 ± 0.04 relative density, p < 0.05), and apoptosis (0.3 ± 0.03 relative density, p < 0.001), and also significantly increased cell proliferation (2.0 ± 0.2% area proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), p < 0.01), cell survival, and nephrin level (4.2 ± 0.4 ng/mL, p < 0.001). (4) Conclusions: Mel combined SW therapy enhances podocyte protection and ameliorates kidney function in a DN rat model. Mel combined SW therapy may serve as a novel noninvasive and effective treatment of DN.

7.
Pharmaceuticals (Basel) ; 14(4)2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33916108

RESUMO

Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) and shockwave (SW) therapy have been shown to exert a chondroprotective effect for osteoarthritis (OA). The results of this study demonstrated that autologous ADSCs had dose-dependent and synergistic effects with SW therapy (0.25 mJ/mm2 with 800 impulses) in OA rat knee joint. Autologous, high-dose 2 × 106 ADSCs (ADSC2 group) combined with SW therapy significantly increased the bone volume, trabecular thickness, and trabecular number among in the treatment groups. ADSC2 combined with SW therapy significantly reduced the synovitis score and OARSI score in comparison with other treatments. In the analysis of inflammation-induced extracellular matrix factors of the articular cartilage in OA, the results displayed that ADSC2 combined with SW therapy had a greater than other treatments in terms of reducing tumor necrosis factor-inducible gene (TSG)-6 and proteoglycan (PRG)-4, in addition to increasing tissue inhibitor matrix metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 and type II collagen. Furthermore, ADSC2 combined with SW therapy significantly reduced the expression of inflammation-induced bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2 and BMP-6. Therefore, the results demonstrated that ADSC2 combined with SW therapy had a synergistic effect to ameliorate osteoarthritic pathological factors in OA joints.

8.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 127, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33522921

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) dislocation is a relatively common shoulder injury. For the treatment of cases of severe ACJ dislocation (Rockwood type III-V), hook plate fixation is an easy-to-master and minimally-invasive approach to surgical intervention. Over stress on the acromion following hook plate fixation often leads to acromial complications such as osteolysis and loss of reduction. We hypothesized that suspensory reconstruction alongside hook plate fixation might provide a superior stability and reduce complications as compared with hook plate fixation alone. The purpose of the study was to assess the clinical and radiographic outcomes of these two surgical modalities. METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 49 patients with acute ACJ dislocation from May 2010 to December 2018. Among them, 19 patients received hook plate fixation only (HP group), and 19 underwent concomitant hook plate fixation and loop suspension fixation with two mersilene sutures (HM group). The demographic data of the patients were recorded and analyzed. All patients underwent a shoulder X-ray initially, immediately postoperatively, and at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months to measure the relative coracoclavicular distance (rCCD). Clinical assessment of shoulder function outcome was conducted using the Constant Murley Score (CMS); the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) Shoulder Score was also measured at the latest follow-up. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in the demographic data between the two groups. With regards to the CMS and the UCLA score, the HM group and HP group both had excellent outcomes, and no significant differences in scores were observed between groups (CMS: 93.90 ± 6.16 versus 94.47 ± 7.26, p = 0.47; UCLA score: 32.84 ± 2.91 versus 34.32 ± 1.16, p = 0.07). However, the HM group demonstrated substantial superiority in terms of maintenance of the rCCD over the HP group (91.47 ± 27.47 versus 100.75 ± 48.70, p = 0.015). In addition, there was less subacromial osteolysis in the HM group than the HP group (52.6% versus 15.8%, p = 0.038). CONCLUSION: Both fixations yielded excellent functional outcomes. However, concomitant hook plate fixation with loop suspensory reconstruction demonstrated the fewer acromion complications and statistical differences in reduction maintenance with less clinical significance.


Assuntos
Articulação Acromioclavicular , Luxações Articulares , Articulação Acromioclavicular/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação Acromioclavicular/cirurgia , Placas Ósseas , Humanos , Luxações Articulares/diagnóstico por imagem , Luxações Articulares/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Postgrad Med ; 133(3): 357-361, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33337258

RESUMO

Objectives: Despite the high prevalence of gallstone disease (GSD), the shared risk factors of GSD and osteoporosis, and the known association between hip fracture and hepatobiliary diseases, the association between hip fracture and GSD is not currently clear. Therefore, we performed a nationwide population-based study to investigate the association between GSD and hip fracture to determine the impact of cholecystectomy on the risk of fracture.Methods: In this study, we assessed all subjects in the longitudinal health insurance database (LHID) between 2000 and 2011, excluding those subjects aged >20 years old and those with a previous history of hip fracture (ICD-9-CM 820). Among those that were included, subjects with at least two or more outpatient visits or with one record of hospitalization under the coding of GSD (ICD-9-CM code: 574) were allocated to the GSD cohort. The remaining subjects were designated to the control cohort. All participants were followed till the onset of hip fracture, withdrawal from the NHI, or the end of 2013.Results: We found that the cumulative incidence of hip fracture was higher in the GSD cohort than in the control cohort (log-rank test: p-value < 0.01). After adjustment, the GSD patients had a 1.21-fold risk of hip fracture compared to control subjects (aHR = 1.21, 95% CI = 1.21-1.30). Comparison between those subjects without GSD and those without cholecystectomy revealed that the risk of hip fracture was higher among GSD patients that had not undergone cholecystectomy (aHR = 1.17, 95% CI = 1.06-1.29) or those that had undergone cholecystectomy (aHR = 1.22, 95% CI = 1.06-1.41).Conclusion: Based upon these results, we concluded that GSD was associated with an increased risk of hip fracture regardless of whether the patient had undergone cholecystectomy.


Assuntos
Colecistectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Colelitíase/epidemiologia , Colelitíase/cirurgia , Fraturas do Quadril/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Corticosteroides/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/administração & dosagem , Fatores de Risco , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
10.
Chin J Physiol ; 63(6): 294-300, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33380614

RESUMO

Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is widely utilized in the treatment of sports injuries. However, potential systemic effects after localized PRP injection are unclear at present. In this prospective randomized study, 24 Taiwanese male athletes with tendinopathy were randomized into a PRP group (n = 13) or a saline group (n = 11). The concentrations of serum and urine biomarkers were quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay assessment as well as gas chromatographic and mass spectrometric analysis, respectively. The results showed no significant differences in serum levels of growth hormone, insulin-like growth factor-1, insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 3, vascular endothelial growth factor, platelet-derived growth factor-BB, or serum substance P(SP) between the two groups before intervention, nor at 1, 2, or 7 days after intervention. However, a significant decrease in the serum SP level 1 and 7 days after PRP injection was observed. Regarding urinary concentrations of metabolites of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS), no between-group differences before intervention, nor at 1, 2, or 7 days after intervention, were observed. Our study failed to observe significant surge of serum anabolic molecules and urinary excretion of anabolic AAS metabolites after PRP injection.


Assuntos
Plasma Rico em Plaquetas , Biomarcadores , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Tendinopatia , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular
11.
Biomedicines ; 8(12)2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33333838

RESUMO

Osteoporosis (OP) causes bone loss and weakness, increasing the risk of bone fracture. In this study, rats were divided into Sham, OP, SW(F) (0.25 mJ/mm2 with 1600 impulses to the left medial femur), and SW(T) (0.25 mJ/mm2 with 1600 impulses to the left medial tibia). The bone strength results following SW(T) were better than SW(F) in the modulus, extension at peak load, handleability, and strain at break. SW(T) had the best prevention for bone loss in both lower limbs of ovariectomized (OVX) rats. The cartilage cellular matrixes of both knees were improved in SW(T) and SW(F) compared to that of OP. Serum bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) in rats undergoing SW(T) or SW(F) was significantly improved compared to that in Sham and OP. The expressions of BMP2, BMP4, and SMAD family member 4 (Smad4) in addition to the Wnt family member 3A (Wnt3a) and Cyclin D1 signaling key factors were significantly induced in the cartilage of both knees by shockwave (SW). SW(T) presented the best efficacy to induce serum BMP2 to prevent bone loss from both lower limbs. Here, we display the protective effects of SW therapy to induce BMP2, BMP4, Smad4, Wnt3a, and Cyclin D1 signaling factors for cartilage loss in both knees of OVX rats.

12.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 9(9)2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32882839

RESUMO

Compromised autophagy and mitochondrial dysfunction downregulate chondrocytic activity, accelerating the development of osteoarthritis (OA). Irisin, a cleaved form of fibronectin type III domain containing 5 (FNDC5), regulates bone turnover and muscle homeostasis. Little is known about the effect of Irisin on chondrocytes and the development of osteoarthritis. This study revealed that human osteoarthritic articular chondrocytes express decreased level of FNDC5 and autophagosome marker LC3-II but upregulated levels of oxidative DNA damage marker 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and apoptosis. Intra-articular administration of Irisin further alleviated symptoms of medial meniscus destabilization, like cartilage erosion and synovitis, while improved the gait profiles of the injured legs. Irisin treatment upregulated autophagy, 8-OHdG and apoptosis in chondrocytes of the injured cartilage. In vitro, Irisin improved IL-1ß-mediated growth inhibition, loss of specific cartilage markers and glycosaminoglycan production by chondrocytes. Irisin also reversed Sirt3 and UCP-1 pathways, thereby improving mitochondrial membrane potential, ATP production, and catalase to attenuated IL-1ß-mediated reactive oxygen radical production, mitochondrial fusion, mitophagy, and autophagosome formation. Taken together, FNDC5 loss in chondrocytes is correlated with human knee OA. Irisin repressed inflammation-mediated oxidative stress and extracellular matrix underproduction through retaining mitochondrial biogenesis, dynamics and autophagic program. Our analyses shed new light on the chondroprotective actions of this myokine, and highlight the remedial effects of Irisin on OA development.

13.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 15(1): 379, 2020 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32883309

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The postoperative nursing intervention with immediate cryotherapy and continuous passive motion (CPM) remains elusive regarding the postoperative pain and range of motion (ROM) for patients undergoing computer-assisted total knee arthroplasty (CAS-TKA). METHODS: A prospective, randomized controlled trial with a purposive sampling method was utilized. Sixty patients scheduled for a unilateral CAS-TKA at a medical center were randomly assigned to the intervention group (n = 30) and control group (n = 30). The intervention group applied programed cryotherapy and CPM within 1 h while returning to the ward on the day of surgery, while the control group did not. Data were analyzed using mixed models to compare the numeric rating scale (NRS) for pain, ROM, and swelling at postoperative day (POD) 4. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the NRS score between the groups (p = 0.168). The intervention group had significantly higher ROM than the control group (98° vs. 91°, p = 0.004) at POD 4. Although no significant difference in joint swelling was found between groups (p = 0.157), the intervention group had lower mean joint swelling (32.2 cm) than the control group (33.9 cm). CONCLUSIONS: Immediate programmed cryotherapy and continuous passive motion could help to improve ROM quickly after CAS-TKA. It should be incorporated into the daily nursing plan for patients undergoing CAS-TKA. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT04136431 . Registered 23 October 2019-retrospectively registered.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Crioterapia/métodos , Articulação do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Terapia Passiva Contínua de Movimento/métodos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/enfermagem , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Dor Pós-Operatória/enfermagem , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Articulação do Joelho/patologia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
J Int Med Res ; 48(6): 300060520919238, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32605410

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Chronic osteomyelitis (COM) can induce systemic inflammation, and systemic inflammation may be associated with suicide tendency. However, no studies have investigated the correlation between COM and suicide tendency. METHODS: The aim of this population-based study was to determine the epidemiology of fatal/non-fatal suicide among COM patients. Subjects with at least two outpatient visits or one course of inpatient care diagnosed with COM were recruited into a COM cohort. The control/COM subject ratio was approximately 4:1 matched by age, sex, major depression coding and index year (COM patients). Subjects with suicide attempts before COM diagnosis and subjects aged <20 years were excluded. RESULTS: COM patients had 1.93 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.11-3.36) times the risk of fatal/non-fatal suicide as control subjects. Considering death as the competing event of fatal/non-fatal suicide, COM patients had 1.76 (95% CI: 1.03-3.01) times the risk of fatal/non-fatal suicide (competing risk regression model). The effect of COM on fatal/non-fatal suicide was more prominent among diabetic patients. COM severity also correlated with the risk of fatal/non-fatal suicide. CONCLUSIONS: More attention must be paid to suicide tendency among COM patients.


Assuntos
Osteomielite , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Incidência , Osteomielite/epidemiologia , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
16.
Cells ; 9(6)2020 06 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32575577

RESUMO

Glucocorticoid provokes bone mass loss and fatty marrow, accelerating osteoporosis development. Bromodomain protein BRD4, an acetyl-histone-binding chromatin reader, regulates stem cell and tissue homeostasis. We uncovered that glucocorticoid inhibited acetyl Lys-9 at the histone 3 (H3K9ac)-binding Runx2 promoter and decreased osteogenic differentiation, whereas bromodomain protein 4 (BRD4) and adipocyte formation were upregulated in bone-marrow mesenchymal progenitor cells. BRD4 knockdown improved H3K9ac occupation at the Runx2 promoter and osteogenesis, but attenuated glucocorticoid-mediated adipocyte formation together with the unaffected H3K9ac-binding PPARγ2 promoter. BRD4 regulated epigenome related to fatty acid metabolism and the forkhead box P1 (Foxp1) pathway, which occupied the PPARγ2 promoter to modulate glucocorticoid-induced adipocytic activity. In vivo, BRD4 inhibitor JQ-1 treatment mitigated methylprednisolone-induced suppression of bone mass, trabecular microstructure, mineral acquisition, and osteogenic differentiation. Foxp1 signaling, marrow fat, and adipocyte formation in glucocorticoid-treated skeleton were reversed upon JQ-1 treatment. Taken together, glucocorticoid-induced H3K9 hypoacetylation augmented BRD4 action to Foxp1, which steered mesenchymal progenitor cells toward adipocytes at the cost of osteogenic differentiation in osteoporotic skeletons. BRD4 inhibition slowed bone mass loss and marrow adiposity. Collective investigations convey a new epigenetic insight into acetyl histone reader BRD4 control of osteogenesis and adipogenesis in skeleton, and highlight the remedial effects of the BRD4 inhibitor on glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis.


Assuntos
Adipogenia/fisiologia , Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Glucocorticoides/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Glucocorticoides/farmacologia , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Osteoblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteogênese/fisiologia
17.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 5901962, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32104699

RESUMO

Pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) is a potentially fatal disease that can stimulate prominent systemic inflammation. Osteoporotic hip fracture is a major complication of systemic inflammation. This study tried to determine the epidemiology of hip fractures among PLA patients. All subjects admitted due to PLA during 1999∼2010 were assessed, excluding the subjects with a history of high energy trauma, malignancy, and previous hip fracture. We matched the control subjects to PLA patients according to age, gender, and the coding of osteoporosis by 1 : 4 ratio. The PLA patients had a 1.17-fold risk of hip fracture than the controls (aHR = 1.17, 95% CI = 1.07-1.29) after adjusting for gender, age, and comorbidities. Considering death as the competing event of suicide, the PLA patients had 1.10-fold suicide risk (aHR = 1.10, 95% CI: 1.00-1.21) than the control subjects under the competing risks regression model. The cumulative incidence of hip fracture was higher in the PLA cohort (log-rank test, p < 0.001). When compared to the controls, the fracture risk was 18.4-fold (aHR = 18.4, 95% CI = 13.0-26.1) for the PLA patients admitted 2-3 times per year and 46.0-fold (aHR = 46.0, 95% CI = 31.2-67.8) for the PLA patients admitted ≧4 times per year. The impact of PLA is more prominent among the subjects aged <45 years (aHR = 2.81, 95% CI = 1.42-5.56). Preventive measures for hip fracture might be warranted for PLA patients.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril , Abscesso Hepático Piogênico , Modelos Biológicos , Fatores Etários , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Fraturas do Quadril/etiologia , Fraturas do Quadril/mortalidade , Fraturas do Quadril/terapia , Humanos , Incidência , Abscesso Hepático Piogênico/complicações , Abscesso Hepático Piogênico/mortalidade , Abscesso Hepático Piogênico/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
18.
J Arthroplasty ; 35(6): 1686-1691, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32057600

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial-impregnated incise drapes are often used despite any literature that demonstrates a reduction in the rate of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI). The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy of antimicrobial-impregnated incise drapes with nonantimicrobial-impregnated incise drapes for the prevention of PJI in patients undergoing total joint arthroplasty (TJA). METHODS: A retrospective study of 9774 primary TJAs from 2000 to 2012 was performed. Patients who received an antimicrobial-impregnated incise drape (n = 5241) were compared with patients who received a nonantimicrobial-impregnated incise drape (n = 4533). The decision to use an antimicrobial drape was based on the surgeon's discretion. Patients who developed PJI within 1 year after index surgery were identified. Multivariate logistic regression analysis and sensitivity analysis using propensity score matching were performed to control for potential confounders. RESULTS: The overall PJI rate was 1.14% (60 of 5241) for patients who received an antimicrobial-impregnated incise drape compared with 1.26% (57 of 4533) for those with a nonantimicrobial-impregnated incise drape. There was no difference in the PJI rate between patients with an antimicrobial-impregnated incise drape and those who received nonantimicrobial-impregnated incise drape in the univariate (odds ratio [OR] = 0.91; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.63-1.30), multivariate (adjusted OR = 0.92; 95% CI, 0.63-1.34), or propensity score matching analysis (OR = 0.84; 95% CI = 0.52-1.35). CONCLUSION: Despite the increasing adoption of the use of antimicrobial-impregnated incise drapes in our institute, this study suggests that antimicrobial-impregnated incise drapes do not reduce PJI in patients undergoing primary TJAs.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Artrite Infecciosa , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese , Artroplastia , Humanos , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/epidemiologia , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/prevenção & controle , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(4)2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32059379

RESUMO

Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been reported to have chondroprotective effects in knee osteoarthritis (OA). Here, we examined whether autologous adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) and human umbilical cord Wharton's jelly-derived mesenchymal stem cells (WJMSCs) increased the efficacy of ESWT in knee OA, and compared the efficacy of the two. The treatment groups exhibited significant improvement of knee OA according to pathological analysis, micro-computed tomography (CT), and immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining. The ADMSCs and ESWT+ADMSCs groups exhibited increased trabecular thickness and bone volume as compared with the ESWT, WJMSCs, and ESWT+WJMSCs groups individually. According to the results of IHC staining, Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) activity and caspase-3 were significantly reduced in the ADMSCs and ESWT+ADMSCs groups as compared with the WJMSCs and ESWT+WJMSC groups. In mechanistic factor analysis, the synergistic effect of ESWT+ADMSCs was observed as being greater than the efficacies of other treatments in terms of expressions of transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß, runt-related transcription factor (RUNX)-2 and sex determining region Y-box (SOX)-9. The type II collagen was expressed at a higher level in the WJMSCs group than in the others. Furthermore, ESWT+ADMSCs reduced the expression of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB and increased the expression of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-4. Therefore, we demonstrated that ESWT+ADMSCs had a synergistic effect greater than that of ESWT+WJMSCs for the treatment of early knee OA.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo , Tratamento por Ondas de Choque Extracorpóreas/métodos , Ondas de Choque de Alta Energia/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/métodos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Osteoartrite do Joelho/terapia , Cordão Umbilical , Geleia de Wharton , Animais , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 4/metabolismo , Colágeno Tipo II/metabolismo , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoartrite do Joelho/patologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fatores de Transcrição SOXB1/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Microtomografia por Raio-X
20.
Clin Neurophysiol ; 131(1): 34-39, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31751837

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Studies showed a relatively prolonged blink R1 latency in patients with diabetic distal symmetrical polyneuropathy (DSPN) compared to that without DSPN. We tested the hypothesis that blink R1 latency would provide a diagnostic alternative to nerve conduction studies (NCS) in DSPN and act as a marker of the severity of NCS abnormalities in DSPN. METHOD: A total of 109 patients with type 2 diabetes underwent blink reflex studies and NCS. We used the composite amplitude scores of nerve conductions (CAS), which consisted of motor (tibial, peroneal and ulnar) and sensory (sural and ulnar) amplitudes for estimating the severity of NCS. RESULTS: Patients with DSPN had longer blink R1, R2, and contralateral R2 latencies (P < 0.0001, P = 0.001, and P = 0.031, respectively) and higher CAS (P < 0.0001). Area under curve on receiver operating characteristic curve analysis in diagnosing occurrence of DSPN in blink R1 latency was 0.772 (P < 0.0001). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that blink R1 latency was independently associated with CAS. CONCLUSION: Blink R1 latency may be valuable in auxiliary diagnosis and in determining the severity of NCS abnormalities in DSPN. SIGNIFICANCE: Blink R1 latency can be added as a supplemental marker of severity of NCS in DSPN, especially if the patient's sural amplitudes has a floor effect.


Assuntos
Piscadela/fisiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Neuropatias Diabéticas/diagnóstico , Neuropatias Diabéticas/fisiopatologia , Condução Nervosa/fisiologia , Tempo de Reação/fisiologia , Área Sob a Curva , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/fisiopatologia , Eletrofisiologia , Nervo Facial/fisiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Exame Neurológico , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Nervo Sural/fisiologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...