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1.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 8568, 2021 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33883666

RESUMO

Inadequate cerebral perfusion is a risk factor for cerebral ischemia in patients with large artery steno-occlusion. We investigated whether prefrontal oxyhemoglobin oscillation (ΔHbO2, 0.6-2 Hz) was associated with decreased vascular reserve in patients with steno-occlusion in the large anterior circulation arteries. Thirty-six patients with steno-occlusion in the anterior circulation arteries (anterior cerebral artery, middle cerebral artery, and internal carotid artery) were included and compared to thirty-six control subjects. Patients were categorized into two groups (deteriorated vascular reserve vs. preserved vascular reserve) based on the results of Diamox single- photon emission computed tomography imaging. HbO2 data were collected using functional near-infrared spectroscopy. The slope of ΔHbO2 and the ipsilateral/contralateral slope ratio of ΔHbO2 were analyzed. Among the included patients (n = 36), 25 (69.4%) had deteriorated vascular reserve. Patients with deteriorated vascular reserve had a significantly higher average slope of ΔHbO2 on the ipsilateral side (5.01 ± 2.14) and a higher ipsilateral/contralateral ratio (1.44 ± 0.62) compared to those with preserved vascular reserve (3.17 ± 1.36, P = 0.014; 0.93 ± 0.33, P = 0.016, respectively) or the controls (3.82 ± 1.69, P = 0.019; 0.94 ± 0.29, P = 0.001). The ipsilateral/contralateral ΔHbO2 ratio could be used as a surrogate for vascular reserve in patients with severe steno-occlusion in the anterior circulation arteries.

2.
Neurocrit Care ; 2021 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33761119

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Multiple studies demonstrate that fever/elevated temperature is associated with poor outcomes in patients with vascular brain injury; however, there are no conclusive studies that demonstrate that fever prevention/controlled normothermia is associated with better outcomes. The primary objective of the INTREPID (Impact of Fever Prevention in Brain-Injured Patients) trial is to test the hypothesis that fever prevention is superior to standard temperature management in patients with acute vascular brain injury. METHODS: INTREPID is a prospective randomized open blinded endpoint study of fever prevention versus usual care in patients with ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke. The fever prevention intervention utilizes the Arctic Sun System and will be compared to standard care patients in whom fever may spontaneously develop. Ischemic stroke, intracerebral hemorrhage or subarachnoid hemorrhage patients will be included within disease-specific time-windows. Both awake and sedated patients will be included, and treatment is initiated immediately upon enrollment. Eligible patients are expected to require intensive care for at least 72 h post-injury, will not be deemed unlikely to survive without severe disability, and will be treated for up to 14 days, or until deemed ready for discharge from the ICU, whichever comes first. Fifty sites in the USA and worldwide will participate, with a target enrollment of 1176 patients (1000 evaluable). The target temperature is 37.0 °C. The primary efficacy outcome is the total fever burden by °C-h, defined as the area under the temperature curve above 37.9 °C. The primary secondary outcome, on which the sample size is based, is the modified Rankin Scale Score at 3 months. All efficacy analyses including the primary and key secondary endpoints will be primarily based on an intention-to-treat population. Analysis of the as-treated and per protocol populations will also be performed on the primary and key secondary endpoints as sensitivity analyses. DISCUSSION: The INTREPID trial will provide the first results of the impact of a pivotal fever prevention intervention in patients with acute stroke ( www.clinicaltrials.gov ; NCT02996266; registered prospectively 05DEC2016).

3.
Transl Stroke Res ; 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33576937

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glycemic variability (GV) is a risk factor for poor outcomes after ischemic stroke. However, its effect on hemorrhagic transformation after endovascular recanalization therapy (ERT) remains to be elucidated. METHODS: Patients with acute ischemic stroke due to large vessel occlusion with successful recanalization after ERT (modified thrombolysis in cerebral infarction 2b or 3) were enrolled between January 2013 and November 2019. Blood glucose level data were obtained during the first 36 h after ERT, and ten GV parameters including time rate (TR) of glucose variation were assessed. The TR of glucose variation reflects the speed of glucose fluctuations over time (mg/dL/hour) during the monitoring period. Symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) and unfavorable outcomes at 3 months after ERT were analyzed. The sICH was defined as parenchymal hematoma type 2 with a neurological deterioration of 4 points or more on the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale. Moreover, a modified Rankin Scale of 3-6 at 3 months was considered an unfavorable outcome. RESULTS: Among all patients (n = 176; mean age, 69.3 years; 47.7 % female), sICH developed after successful ERT in 16 (9.1%) patients. In addition, 54% (n = 95) patients had an unfavorable outcome at 3 months. Patients with sICH and unfavorable outcome had higher the TR of glucose variation. After adjusting for potential confounders, the TR of glucose (per 1 mg/dL/h increase) variation was independently associated with sICH (odds ratio, 1.17; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.012-1.343) and 3-month unfavorable outcome (OR 1.14, 95% CI, 1.000-1.297). CONCLUSIONS: Time-related GV during the first 36 h after successful ERT has a stronger correlation with sICH and poor functional outcomes compared to any GV parameters. This suggests that maintaining stable glucose may be an important factor in the prevention of sICH after undergoing successful ERT.

4.
Heart Rhythm ; 18(5): 702-708, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33482386

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The predictors of ischemic stroke in "low-risk" patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) (CHA2DS2-VASc score 0 in men or 1 in women) are debated. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the factors associated with ischemic stroke in low-risk patients with AF. Imaging characteristics of their ischemic strokes were also evaluated. METHODS: This was a matched case-control study conducted at a single tertiary institution. We identified 44 patients with de novo ischemic stroke and incidentally found AF with a low-risk CHA2DS2-VASc score. A 1:5 age- and sex-matched control group was selected for patients with AF and a low-risk CHA2DS2-VASc score but without ischemic stroke and oral anticoagulant therapy. Conditional multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the predictors. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in age, sex, body mass index, comorbidities, left atrial size, and left ventricular ejection fraction. Smokers were more prevalent in the stroke group than in the nonstroke group (24 of 44 [54.5%] vs 22 of 220 [10.0%]; P < .001). Additionally, the mean white blood cell count was significantly higher in the stroke group (P = .019). In conditional univariate logistic regression analysis, smoking and white blood cell count were significant predictors of stroke. In multivariate analysis, smoking was the only significantly associated factor (matched odds ratio 9.10; 95% confidence interval 2.48-33.42). In the stroke group, 14 of 44 patients (31.8%) had multiple vascular territory infarcts. CONCLUSION: Smoking was the predictor associated with ischemic stroke in patients with AF and a low-risk CHA2DS2-VASc score.

5.
Int J Stroke ; : 1747493020984069, 2021 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33427104

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The research about the influence of triglyceride-glucose index on early prognosis in stroke is lacking. AIMS: In this study, we evaluated the association between triglyceride-glucose index and early neurological deterioration in patients with single subcortical infarctions. METHODS: Consecutive patients with single subcortical infarctions within 72 h of symptom onset between 2011 and 2015. Early neurological deterioration was defined as an increase of ≥2 in the total NIHSS score or ≥1 in the motor NIHSS score. The triglyceride-glucose index was calculated using the log scale of fasting triglyceride (mg/dL) × fasting glucose (mg/dL)/2. RESULTS: A total of 305 patients with single subcortical infarctions were evaluated. In multivariable analysis, the triglyceride-glucose index (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 2.94, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.58-5.45) and age (aOR = 1.05, 95% CI = 1.01-1.09) were associated with early neurological deterioration. In subgroup analysis according to the type of single subcortical infarctions, only patients with proximal single subcortical infarctions showed a significant association between the triglyceride-glucose index and early neurological deterioration (aOR = 2.92, 95% CI = 1.35-6.29). On the other hand, there was no statistical significance in patients with distal single subcortical infarctions. Patients with untreated diabetes also showed the close association between the triglyceride-glucose index and early neurological deterioration (aOR = 3.94, 95% CI = 1.47-10.52). CONCLUSIONS: The triglyceride-glucose index was associated with early neurological deterioration in single subcortical infarctions. This association differed depending on the location of lesion and the presence of untreated diabetes.

6.
Nutrients ; 12(10)2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33066539

RESUMO

Marked protein catabolism is common in critically ill patients. We hypothesized that optimal protein supplementation using nitrogen balance might be associated with better outcomes in the neurointensive care unit (NICU) patients. A total of 175 patients admitted to the NICU between July 2017 and December 2018 were included. Nitrogen balance was measured after NICU admission and measurements were repeated in 77 patients. The outcomes were compared according to initial nitrogen balance results and improvement of nitrogen balance on follow-up measurements. A total of 140 (80.0%) patients had a negative nitrogen balance on initial assessments. The negative balance group had more events of in-hospital mortality and poor functional outcome at three months. In follow-up measurement patients, 39 (50.6%) showed an improvement in nitrogen balance. The improvement group had fewer events of in-hospital mortality (p = 0.047) and poor functional outcomes (p = 0.046). Moreover, improvement of nitrogen balance was associated with a lower risk of poor functional outcomes (Odds ratio, 0.247; 95% confidence interval, 0.066-0.925, p = 0.038). This study demonstrated that a significant proportion of patients in the NICU were under protein hypercatabolism. Moreover, an improvement in protein balance was related to improved outcomes in neurocritically ill patients. Further studies are needed to confirm the relationship between protein balance and outcomes.

7.
J Korean Med Sci ; 35(40): e325, 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33075852

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hydroxyethyl starch (HES, 6% 130/0.4) has been used as a volume expander for the treatment of cerebral hypoperfusion in acute ischemic stroke. Although HES use was associated with renal failure in sepsis or critical illness, it still remains to be elucidated whether HES is linked to renal adverse events in patients with acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: A total of 524 patients with acute ischemic stroke within 7 days of onset were included between January 2012 and May 2016. Renal function on admission and follow-up on day 7 ± 2 was assessed using serum creatinine (SCr) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Propensity score matching (PSM) was used to perform a 1:1 matched-pair analysis to minimize the group differences caused by covariates. The percentage of patients with new-onset acute renal injury (AKI) using the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes or good functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale 0-2) at 90 days were compared between HES cohort and controls. RESULTS: Among the included patients (mean age, 68.6 years; male, 56.5%), 81 patients (15.5%) were HES cohort (median cumulative dose, 1,450 mL). Baseline renal function was better in HES cohort compared to that in the controls (SCr, 0.87 ± 0.43 mg/dL vs. 1.15 ± 1.15 mg/dL, P < 0.001; eGFR, 86.91 ± 24.27 mL/min vs. 74.55 ± 29.58 mL/min, P < 0.001), which became not significant in PSM cohort (72 pairs). The percentage of new-onset AKI did not differ between the HES cohort and controls (1.4% vs. 1.4%, P = 1.000). In addition, new-onset AKI was not related to HES (odds ratio, 1.422; 95% confidence interval, 0.072-28.068; P = 0.817) after adjusting for confounders. HES cohort tended to have higher percentage of good functional outcome at 90 days compared to controls, which failed to reach statistical significance (68.1% vs. 54.2%, P = 0.087). CONCLUSION: A low cumulative dose of HES was not associated with renal adverse events in patients with acute ischemic stroke.

8.
J Korean Med Sci ; 35(21): e135, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32476299

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neurocritical care by dedicated neurointensivists may improve outcomes of critically ill patients with severe brain injury. In this study, we aimed to validate whether neurointensive care could improve the outcome in patients with critically ill acute ischemic stroke using the linked big dataset on stroke in Korea. METHODS: We included 1,405 acute ischemic stroke patients with mechanical ventilator support in the intensive care unit after an index stroke. Patients were retrieved from linking the Clinical Research Center for Stroke Registry and the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service data from the period between January 2007 and December 2014. The outcomes were mortality at discharge and at 3 months after an index stroke. The main outcomes were compared between the centers with and without dedicated neurointensivists. RESULTS: Among the included patients, 303 (21.6%) were admitted to the centers with dedicated neurointensivists. The patients treated by dedicated neurointensivists had significantly lower in-hospital mortality (18.3% vs. 26.8%, P = 0.002) as well as lower mortality at 3-month (38.0% vs. 49.1%, P < 0.001) than those who were treated without neurointensivists. After adjusting for confounders, a treatment without neurointensivists was independently associated with higher in-hospital mortality (odds ratio [OR], 1.59; 95% confidence intervals [CIs], 1.13-2.25; P = 0.008) and 3-month mortality (OR, 1.48; 95% CIs, 1.12-1.95; P = 0.005). CONCLUSION: Treatment by dedicated neurointensivists is associated with lower in-hospital and 3-month mortality using the linked big datasets for stroke in Korea. This finding stresses the importance of neurointensivists in treating patients with severe ischemic stroke.

10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(10)2020 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32455909

RESUMO

This study evaluated the potential of iron oxide nanoparticle-loaded human embryonic stem cell (ESC)-derived spherical neural masses (SNMs) to improve the transportation of stem cells to the brain, ameliorate brain damage from intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), and recover the functional status after ICH under an external magnetic field of a magnet attached to a helmet. At 24 h after induction of ICH, rats were randomly separated into three experimental groups: ICH with injection of phosphate-buffered saline (PBS group), ICH with intravenous injection of magnetosome-like ferrimagnetic iron oxide nanocubes (FION)-labeled SNMs (SNMs* group), and ICH with intravenous injection of FION-labeled SNMs followed by three days of external magnetic field exposure for targeted delivery by a magnet-embedded helmet (SNMs*+Helmet group). On day 3 after ICH induction, an increased Prussian blue-stained area and decreased swelling volume were observed in the SNMs*+Helmet group compared with that of the other groups. A significantly decreased recruitment of macrophages and neutrophils and a downregulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines followed by improved neurological function three days after ICH were observed in the SNMs*+Helmet group. Hemispheric atrophy at six weeks after ICH was significantly decreased in the SNMs*+Helmet group compared with that of the PBS group. In conclusion, we have developed a targeted delivery system using FION tagged to stem cells and a magnet-embedded helmet. The targeted delivery of SNMs might have the potential for developing novel therapeutic strategies for ICH.

11.
Transl Stroke Res ; 11(6): 1296-1305, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32306239

RESUMO

Prediction of outcome after stroke may help clinicians provide effective management and plan long-term care. We aimed to develop and validate a score for predicting good functional outcome available for hospitals after ischemic stroke using linked data. A total of 22,005 patients with acute ischemic stroke from the Clinical Research Center for Stroke Registry between July 2007 and December 2014 were included in the derivation group. We assessed functional outcomes using a modified Rankin scale (mRS) score at 3 months after ischemic stroke. We identified predictors related to good 3-month outcome (mRS score ≤ 2) and developed a score. External validations (geographic and temporal validations) of the developed model were performed. The prediction model performance was assessed using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) and the calibration test. Stroke severity, sex, stroke mechanism, age, pre-stroke mRS, and thrombolysis/thrombectomy treatment were identified as predictors for 3-month good functional outcomes in the S-SMART score (total 34 points). Patients with higher S-SMART scores had an increased likelihood of a good outcome. The AUC of the prediction score was 0.805 (0.798-0.811) in the derivation group and 0.812 (0.795-0.830) in the geographic validation group for good functional outcome. The AUC of the model was 0.812 (0.771-0.854) for the temporal validation group. Moreover, they had good calibration. The S-SMART score is a valid and useful tool to predict good functional outcome following ischemic stroke. This prediction model may assist in the estimation of outcomes to determine care plans after stroke.

12.
Biomaterials ; 243: 119942, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32179302

RESUMO

Exosomes and extracellular nanovesicles (NV) derived from mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) may be used for the treatment of ischemic stroke owing to their multifaceted therapeutic benefits that include the induction of angiogenesis, anti-apoptosis, and anti-inflammation. However, the most serious drawback of using exosomes and NV for ischemic stroke is the poor targeting on the ischemic lesion of brain after systemic administration, thereby yielding a poor therapeutic outcome. In this study, we show that magnetic NV (MNV) derived from iron oxide nanoparticles (IONP)-harboring MSC can drastically improve the ischemic-lesion targeting and the therapeutic outcome. Because IONP stimulated expressions of therapeutic growth factors in the MSC, MNV contained greater amounts of those therapeutic molecules compared to NV derived from naive MSC. Following the systemic injection of MNV into transient middle-cerebral-artery-occlusion (MCAO)-induced rats, the magnetic navigation increased the MNV localization to the ischemic lesion by 5.1 times. The MNV injection and subsequent magnetic navigation promoted the anti-inflammatory response, angiogenesis, and anti-apoptosis in the ischemic brain lesion, thereby yielding a considerably decreased infarction volume and improved motor function. Overall, the proposed MNV approach may overcome the major drawback of the conventional MSC-exosome therapy or NV therapy for the treatment of ischemic stroke.

13.
Resuscitation ; 150: 41-49, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32194164

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognosis for cardiac arrest (CA) is associated with the degree of cerebral ischemia. We investigated the relationship between the wavelet coherence of cerebral oxyhemoglobin (HbO2) among different channels and outcomes after CA. Moreover, we aimed to develop a prognostication method after CA. METHODS: Eighty-three post-resuscitation patients were included. The HbO2 data were collected during the post-resuscitation period (median day, 1) using functional near-infrared spectroscopy. The coherence between sections of prefrontal HbO2 oscillations in five frequency intervals (I, 0.6-2 Hz; II, 0.15-0.6 Hz; III, 0.05-0.15 Hz; IV, 0.02-0.05 Hz; and V, 0.0095-0.02 Hz) were analyzed. We evaluated the outcomes using cerebral performance category (CPC) scores (good outcome, CPC ≤ 2 and poor outcome, CPC ≥ 3) at 3 months after CA. Additionally, the predictive method was developed using the biomarker and coherence value after CA. RESULTS: Among the included patients, 19 patients (22.9%) had a good outcome. Poor outcome group had significantly lower phase coherence in the myogenic frequency interval III compared to good outcome group (0.36 ±â€¯0.14 vs. 0.54 ±â€¯0.18, P < 0.001). The predictive method using neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and interval III value demonstrated good discrimination (area under the curve 0.919; 95% confidence interval, 0.850-0.989). CONCLUSIONS: The predictive method using NSE and phase coherence of HbO2 in the interval III from the vascular smooth muscle cells could be a useful tool for prognosticating after CA. This suggests that evaluating cerebral ischemia using phase coherence of HbO2 might be a helpful outcome predictor following CA.

14.
Neurocrit Care ; 33(2): 575-581, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32096118

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Cerebral herniation due to brain edema is the major cause of neurological worsening in patients suffering large hemispheric strokes. In this study, we investigated whether quantitative pupillary response could help identify the neurological worsening due to brain swelling in patients with large hemispheric strokes. METHODS: Quantitative pupillary assessment using an automated pupillometer (NPi-100) was performed between April 2017 and August 2019 for patients suffering large hemispheric strokes. Consecutive pupillary responses were measured every 2 or 4 h as a part of routine clinical care. We compared the mean neurological pupil index (NPi) values, NPi value at the time of neurological deterioration, and percentage change in NPi from the immediate previous value between patients with and without neurological worsening. RESULTS: In this study, 2442 quantitative pupillary assessments were performed (n = 30; mean age, 67.9 years; males, 60.0%). Among the included patients, 10 (33.3%) experienced neurological worsening. Patients with neurological worsening had a significantly lower mean value of NPi and a sudden decrease in the NPi value as compared to those without neurological worsening during the whole monitoring period (3.88 ± 0.65 vs. 4.45 ± 0.46, P < 0.001; and 29.5% vs. 11.1%, P = 0.006, respectively). All patients with NPi values below 2.8 showed neurological deterioration. CONCLUSIONS: Quantitative monitoring of the pupillary response using an automated pupillometer could be a useful and noninvasive tool for detecting neurological deterioration due to cerebral edema in large hemispheric stroke patients.

15.
PLoS One ; 15(2): e0228738, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32053672

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Premorbid undernutrition has been proven to have an adverse effect on the prognosis of stroke patients. The evaluation of nutritional status is important, but there is no universally accepted screen methodology. PURPOSE: We aimed to use the geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) for evaluating the effect of premorbid undernutrition on short-term outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: A total of 1,906 patients were included for analysis. Baseline characteristics were collected. We evaluated the nutritional status of the patients using the GNRI and body mass index(BMI). The GNRI was calculated as {1.519×serum albumin(g/dL) + 41.7×present weight (kg)/ideal body weight (kg)}. All patients were categorized into four groups on the basis of the GNRI score. RESULTS: Among the included patients, 546 patients had an unfavorable outcomes. The proportion of patients with moderate and severe risk, assessed in GNRI, was significantly higher in the unfavorable outcome group compared to the favorable outcome group (33.3% vs 15.0%). The increased risk of premorbid undernutrition was associated with an increased risk of unfavorable outcome in a dose-response manner after adjusting for covariates. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that GNRI was associated with poor prognosis in patients with acute ischemic stroke. GNRI may be used to screen patients at high risk for unfavorable outcome.


Assuntos
Avaliação Geriátrica , Desnutrição/diagnóstico , Estado Nutricional , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/patologia , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Área Sob a Curva , Automação , Índice de Massa Corporal , Peso Corporal , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Desnutrição/complicações , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Risco , Fatores de Risco , Albumina Sérica/análise , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações
16.
Stroke ; 51(1): 186-192, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31718505

RESUMO

Background and Purpose- With the lack of confirmatory examinations, the distinction of a transient ischemic attack (TIA) from various TIA-mimicking diseases is difficult, particularly in diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI)-negative TIAs. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the relationship between arterial spin labeling (ASL) perfusion defects and early ischemic recurrence (FU-DWI [+]) in patients with DWI-negative TIAs. Methods- We assessed consecutive patients with a DWI-negative TIA within 24 hours of symptom onset, who underwent both ASL images and follow-up magnetic resonance imaging during the acute period. As markers of the ASL images, we evaluated the ASL perfusion defects in each hemisphere. Arterial transit artifact (ATA) and intraarterial high-intensity signal (IAS) were also rated as markers of collateral status and blood stagnation due to large vessel occlusion, respectively. Results- Among the 136 patients with a DWI-negative TIA, 33 patients had FU-DWI (+) lesions in 36 hemispheres. In the multivariable analysis, ASL defects remained an independent predictor of FU-DWI (+) (adjusted odds ratio, 13.94 [95% CI, 5.77-33.70], P<0.001). In the evaluation of the interactive relationship between ASL defects and ATA/IAS, the (ASL [+] ATA [-]) group showed the highest frequencies of FU-DWI (+) events (55.6%) with the highest adjusted odds ratio values (adjusted odds ratio, 14.86 [95% CI, 5.63-39.24], P<0.001), indicating a negative synergistic effect between the ASL defects and ATA. Meanwhile, the (ASL [+] IAS [+]) group showed higher frequencies of FU-DWI (+) and higher adjusted odds ratio values than those of the (ASL [+] IAS [-]) and (ASL [-] IAS [-]) groups, indicating a positive synergistic effect. Conclusions- We demonstrated that ASL perfusion defects were associated with ipsilateral FU-DWI (+) in patients with a DWI-negative TIA. Furthermore, this association was enhanced with IASs and attenuated with ATAs.


Assuntos
Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório , Imagem de Perfusão , Sistema de Registros , Marcadores de Spin , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/diagnóstico por imagem , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
17.
Neuroradiology ; 62(1): 105-108, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31732755

RESUMO

Although a perturbed cerebral blood flow (CBF) has been reported in patients with Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE), its clinical meaning is still elusive. A retrospective analysis of 10 patients (male, 6; mean age, 57.7 years) with WE between October 2012 and May 2018 was performed. Brain imaging was performed using fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR), diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), arterial spin labeling (ASL) perfusion-weighted imaging (PWI), and contrasted enhanced T1-weighted imaging. All patients had symmetric high signal intensity lesions in the vulnerable areas on FLAIR or DWI with focal hyperintensity on ASL-PWI (100% sensitivity). CBFlesion was variable (from 70 mL/100 g/min to 190.0 mL/100 g/min). CBFlesion/CBFwhite matter was elevated, ranging from 2.5 to 5.5. Focal hyperintensity on ASL in the vulnerable areas can be a diagnostic clue for WE.


Assuntos
Hiperemia/etiologia , Encefalopatia de Wernicke/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Circulação Cerebrovascular/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Hiperemia/fisiopatologia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Marcadores de Spin , Encefalopatia de Wernicke/complicações , Encefalopatia de Wernicke/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
18.
Int J Stroke ; 15(6): 619-626, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31640489

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lifestyle changes and evolving healthcare practices in Korea have influenced disease patterns and medical care. Since strokes have high disease burden in countries with aging populations, it is necessary to evaluate the associated recent disease characteristics and patient care patterns. The Korean Stroke Registry is a nationwide, multicenter, prospective, hospital-based stroke registry in Korea used to monitor these changes across the population. AIMS: We aimed to evaluate the recent status of clinical characteristics and management of stroke cases in order to identify changes in the Korean population across time. METHODS: This study used Korean Stroke Registry data from patients experiencing ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack patients, between 2014 and 2018. We analyzed data on demographics, risk factors, stroke subtypes, and treatments that included thrombolysis. RESULTS: A total of 39,291 patients (mean age 68.0 ± 13.0, 58.3% male) were analyzed. The proportions of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, atrial fibrillation, and prior stroke were 63.4%, 30.9%, 27.7%, 19.4%, and 17.1%, respectively. In the stroke subtype analysis, the frequency of large artery atherosclerosis was highest (32.6%), followed by cardioembolism (21.3%) and small vessel occlusion (19.9%). Acute reperfusion therapy was conducted in 15.3% of cases (11.7% using intravenous tPA and 7.3% using intra-arterial thrombectomy). Intra-arterial thrombectomy also demonstrated a steep increasing trend over time (RR 1.095 (1.060-1.131), p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This study provided analysis of nationwide, hospital-based, quality-controlled data from the Korean Stroke Registry database regarding changes in the characteristics, risk factors, and treatments of strokes in Korea.

19.
Acute Crit Care ; 34(4): 246-254, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31795622

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To determine the effects of implementing a rapid response system (RRS) on code rates and in-hospital mortality in medical wards. METHODS: This retrospective study included adult patients admitted to medical wards at Seoul National University Hospital between July 12, 2016 and March 12, 2018; the sample comprised 4,224 patients admitted 10 months before RRS implementation and 4,168 patients admitted 10 months following RRS implementation. Our RRS only worked during the daytime (7 AM to 7 PM) on weekdays. We compared code rates and in-hospital mortality rates between the preintervention and postintervention groups. RESULTS: There were 62.3 RRS activations per 1,000 admissions. The most common reasons for RRS activation were tachypnea or hypopnea (44%), hypoxia (31%), and tachycardia or bradycardia (21%). Code rates from medical wards during RRS operating times significantly decreased from 3.55 to 0.96 per 1,000 admissions (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 0.29; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.10 to 0.87; P=0.028) after RRS implementation. However, code rates from medical wards during RRS nonoperating times did not differ between the preintervention and postintervention groups (2.60 vs. 3.12 per 1,000 admissions; aOR, 1.23; 95% CI, 0.55 to 2.76; P=0.614). In-hospital mortality significantly decreased from 56.3 to 42.7 per 1,000 admissions after RRS implementation (aOR, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.64 to 0.97; P=0.024). CONCLUSIONS: Implementation of an RRS was associated with significant reductions in code rates during RRS operating times and in-hospital mortality in medical wards.

20.
J Clin Med ; 8(12)2019 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31861095

RESUMO

We investigated the effectiveness and safety of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) for secondary prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), particularly focusing on subgroups of patients with severe, disabling, and recent stroke. Using the Korean National Health Insurance Service claims database between January 2010 and April 2018, we selected OAC-naïve patients with non-valvular AF and a history of stroke. Cumulative risks for recurrent stroke, major bleeding, composite outcome (recurrent stroke + major bleeding), and mortality were compared between DOAC and warfarin groups. Among 61,568 patients, 28,839 and 32,729 received warfarin and DOACs, respectively. Compared with warfarin, DOACs were associated with lower risks of recurrent stroke (hazard ratio (HR) 0.67, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.62-0.72), major bleeding (HR 0.73, 95% CI 0.66-0.80), composite outcome (HR 0.69, 95% CI 0.65-0.73), and mortality. DOAC use resulted in a consistent trend of improved outcomes in the subgroups of patients with severe, disabling, and recent stroke. In conclusion, DOACs were associated with lower risks of recurrent stroke, major bleeding, composite clinical outcomes, and mortality in patients with AF and a history of stroke. These results were consistent across all types of DOACs and subgroups of patients with severe, disabling, and recent stroke.

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