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2.
Biol Pharm Bull ; 2021 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33967165

RESUMO

The "INTERACTIONS" section of package inserts aims to provide alert-type warnings in clinical practice; however, these also include many drug-drug interactions that occur rarely. Moreover, considering that drug-drug interaction alert systems were created based on package inserts, repeated alerts can lead to alert fatigue. Although investigations have been conducted to determine prescriptions that induce drug-drug interactions, no studies have focused explicitly on the adverse events induced by drug-drug interactions. We, therefore, sought to investigate the true occurrence of adverse events caused by drug pair contraindications for coadministration in routine clinical practice. Toward this, we created a list of drug combinations that were designated as "contraindications for coadministration" and extracted the cases of adverse drug events from the Japanese Adverse Drug Event Report database that occurred due to combined drug usage. We then calculated the reporters' recognition rate of the drug-drug interactions. Out of the 2,121 investigated drug pairs, drug-drug interactions were reported in 43 pairs, 23 of which included an injected drug and many included catecholamines. Warfarin potassium and miconazole (19 reports), azathioprine and febuxostat (11 reports), and warfarin potassium and iguratimod (six reports) were among the 20 most-commonly reported oral medication pairs that were contraindicated for coadministration, for which recognition rates of drug-drug interactions were high. Although these results indicate that only a few drug pair contraindications for coadministration were associated with adverse drug events (43 pairs out of 2,121 pairs), it remains necessary to translate these findings into clinical practice.

3.
World J Surg ; 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33934199

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The presence of chronic inflammation and nutritional status in cancer patients affects its prognosis. There is a clinical need for a prognostic predictor that is objective and accurate, and that can be easily evaluated by preoperative screening. We evaluated the importance and usefulness of the preoperative modified systemic inflammation score (mSIS) to predict the long-term outcome of patients undergoing curative resection for gastric cancer (GC). METHODS: Of the 3571 patients who underwent curative resection for GC in nine institutions between January 2010 and December 2014, 1764 patients who met the inclusion criteria were included. The mSIS was formulated according to the serum albumin level (ALB) and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) as follows: mSIS 0 (ALB ≥ 4.0 g/dL and LMR ≥ 3.4), mSIS 1 (ALB < 4.0 g/dL or LMR < 3.4), and mSIS 2 (ALB < 4.0 g/dL and LMR < 3.4). RESULTS: Patients were categorized into preoperative mSIS 0 (n = 955), mSIS 1 (n = 584), and mSIS 2 (n = 225) groups. The overall survival times and the disease-free survival times of patients in preoperative mSIS 0,1 and 2 sequentially shortened (P < 0.0001), and mSIS 1 and 2 were identified as an independent prognostic factor (hazard ratio [HR] 1.35, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.06-1.272, P = 0.0125 and HR 1.63, 95% CI 1.21-2.19, P = 0.0012). A stepwise increase in the prevalence of hematogenous recurrences was directly proportional to the mSIS. A forest plot revealed that mSIS 0,1 was associated with a greater risk of overall survival in most subgroups. CONCLUSION: Preoperative mSIS can be easily calculated, and it is suggested that it is useful as a prognostic predictor of patients with different disease stages, for stratifying and evaluating clinical outcomes.

4.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 8964, 2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33903667

RESUMO

Hand-foot syndrome (HFS), also known as palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia (PPE), is a major side effect of capecitabine. Although the pathogenesis of HFS remains unknown, some studies suggested a potential involvement of inflammation in its pathogenesis. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) have been reported to have anti-inflammatory effects. In this study, we investigated the ameliorative effects of omeprazole, a PPI on capecitabine-related HFS in mice model, and a real-world database. Repeated administration of capecitabine (200 mg/kg, p.o., five times a week for 3 weeks) increased fluid content, redness, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α substance of the mice hind paw. Co-administration of omeprazole (20 mg/kg, p.o., at the same schedule) significantly inhibited these changes induced by capecitabine. Moreover, based on the clinical database analysis of the Food and Drug Administration Adverse Event Reporting System, the group that has used any PPIs had a lower reporting rate of capecitabine-related PPE than the group that has not used any PPIs. (6.25% vs. 8.31%, p < 0.0001, reporting odds ratio (ROR) 0.74, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.65-0.83). Our results suggest that omeprazole may be a potential prophylactic agent for capecitabine-induced HFS.

5.
Br J Cancer ; 2021 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33854208

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The liver is the most common site for haematogenous metastasis of gastric cancer, and liver metastasis is fatal. METHODS: We conducted a transcriptomic analysis between metastatic foci in the liver, primary tumour and adjacent tissues from gastric cancer patients with metastasis limited to the liver. We determined mRNA expression levels in tumour tissues of 300 patients with gastric cancer via quantitative RT-PCR. The oncogenic phenotypes of GNG4 were determined with knockdown, knockout and forced expression experiments. We established and compared subcutaneous and liver metastatic mouse xenograft models of gastric cancer to reveal the roles of GNG4 in tumorigenesis in the liver. RESULTS: GNG4 was upregulated substantially in primary gastric cancer tissues as well as liver metastatic lesions. High levels of GNG4 in primary cancer tissues were associated with short overall survival and the likelihood of liver recurrence. Functional assays revealed that GNG4 promoted cancer cell proliferation, the cell cycle and adhesiveness. Tumour formation by GNG4-knockout cells was moderately reduced in the subcutaneous mouse model and strikingly attenuated in the liver metastasis mouse model. CONCLUSIONS: GNG4 expression may provide better disease monitoring for liver metastasis, and GNG4 may be a novel candidate therapeutic target for liver metastasis.

6.
Parasit Vectors ; 14(1): 228, 2021 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33926510

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dengue virus (DENV) is a mosquito-borne arbovirus transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes, but is not endemic in all areas where this vector is found. For example, the relatively sparse distribution of cases in West Africa is generally attributed to the refractory nature of West African Aedes aegypti (Ae. aegypti) to DENV infection, and particularly the forest-dwelling Ae. aegypti formosus. However, recent studies have shown these mosquitoes to be competent vectors within some West African countries that have suffered outbreaks in the past, such as Senegal. There is however little information on the vector competence of the Ae. aegypti in West African countries such as Ghana with no reported outbreaks. METHODS: This study examined the vector competence of 4 Ae. aegypti colonies from urban, semi-urban, and two rural locations in Ghana in transmitting DENV serotypes 1 and 2, using a single colony from Vietnam as control. Midgut infection and virus dissemination were determined by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), while the presence and concentration of DENV in the saliva of infectious mosquitoes was determined by the focus forming assay. RESULTS: There were significant differences in the colonies' susceptibility to virus infection, dissemination, and transmission. All examined Ghanaian mosquitoes were refractory to infection by DENV serotype 2, while some colonies exhibited potential to transmit DENV serotype 1. None of the tested colonies were as competent as the control group colony. CONCLUSIONS: These findings give insight into the possible risk of outbreaks, particularly in the urban areas in the south of Ghana, and highlight the need for continuous surveillance to determine the transmission status and outbreak risk. This study also highlights the need to prevent importation of different DENV strains and potential invasion of new highly vector-competent Ae. aegypti strains, particularly around the ports of entry.

7.
J Med Entomol ; 58(2): 880-890, 2021 03 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33710314

RESUMO

Tabanid flies (Tabanidae: Diptera) are common hematophagous insects known to transmit some pathogens mechanically or biologically to animals; they are widely distributed throughout the world. However, no tabanid-borne viruses, except mechanically transmitted viruses, have been reported to date. In this study, we conducted RNA virome analysis of several human-biting tabanid species in Japan, to discover and characterize viruses associated with tabanids. A novel flavivirus was encountered during the study in the Japanese horse fly, Tabanus rufidens (Bigot, 1887). The virus was detected only in T. rufidens, but not in other tabanid species, and as such was designated Tabanus rufidens flavivirus (TrFV). TrFV could not be isolated using a mammalian cell line and showed a closer phylogenetic relationship to the classical insect-specific flaviviruses (cISFs) rather than the vertebrate-infecting flaviviruses (VIFs), suggesting that it is a novel member of the cISFs. The first discovery of a cISF from Brachycera provides new insight into the evolutionary history and dynamics of flaviviruses.

9.
Biol Pharm Bull ; 44(2): 271-274, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33518680

RESUMO

The anticancer agents including oxaliplatin, paclitaxel, and bortezomib cause severe peripheral neuropathy. The Kampo medicine Sokeikakketsuto (SOKT) has been widely used to treat several types of pain. In this study, the analgesic effects of SOKT on oxaliplatin-, paclitaxel-, and bortezomib-induced peripheral neuropathy were investigated in rat models. Rats were treated with oxaliplatin (4 mg/kg, intraperitoneally (i.p.), twice a week for four weeks), paclitaxel (4 mg/kg, i.p., twice a week for two weeks), or bortezomib (0.2 mg/kg, i.p., twice a week for two weeks). SOKT (0.3 or 1.0 g/kg) or duloxetine hydrochloride (30 mg/kg, as a positive control) was administered orally after neuropathy developed. Mechanical allodynia and cold hyperalgesia were assessed using the von Frey test and the acetone test, respectively. These tests were performed immediately before and 30, 60, 90, and 120 min after the administration of the drugs. Repeated treatment of oxaliplatin induced mechanical allodynia and cold hyperalgesia. A single administration of SOKT (1 g/kg, per os (p.o.)), as well as duloxetine, temporarily reversed both the mechanical allodynia and the cold hyperalgesia. Repeated administration of paclitaxel and bortezomib also induced the mechanical allodynia. SOKT and duloxetine reversed the mechanical allodynia caused by bortezomib, but not by paclitaxel. SOKT might have the potential to become a new drug to relieve the symptom of oxaliplatin- or bortezomib-induced peripheral neuropathy.

10.
Biomed Chromatogr ; : e5094, 2021 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33599311

RESUMO

Clozapine (CLZ) is a key drug in treatment-resistant schizophrenia. Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) of CLZ and its metabolites, N-desmethylclozapine and clozapine N-oxide, is required to monitor and manage the risks of side effects. Although quantification methods for TDM have been developed for CLZ and its metabolites, they were not sufficiently accurate for the quantification of CLZ owing to the upper limits of the calibration curves. An analytical method using high-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry was developed and validated for the simultaneous measurement of CLZ and its metabolites in human plasma. To expand the concentration range of the calibration curves, we used a linear range shift technique using in-source collision-induced dissociation (CID). Using our approach, the linearity and quantitative range were improved compared to those reported by previous studies, and were sufficient for TDM in clinical practice. The intra- and inter-assay accuracy was 84.6%-114.8%, and the intra- and inter-assay precisions were ≤9.1% and ≤9.9%, respectively. Moreover, all samples from patients with treatment-resistant schizophrenia were successfully quantified. Therefore, our novel analytical method using in-source CID had the appropriate performance to measure the plasma concentrations of CLZ and its metabolites for TDM in clinical practice.

11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(3)2021 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33573316

RESUMO

Oxaliplatin is an essential drug in the chemotherapy of colorectal, gastric, and pancreatic cancers, but it frequently causes peripheral neuropathy as a dose-limiting factor. So far, animal models of oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy have been established. The mechanisms of development of neuropathy induced by oxaliplatin have been elucidated, and many drugs and agents have been proven to have neuroprotective effects in basic studies. In addition, some of these drugs have been validated in clinical studies for their inhibitory effects on neuropathy. In this review, we summarize the basic and clinical evidence for the therapeutic effects of oxaliplatin. In basic research, there are many reports of neuropathy inhibitors that target oxidative stress, inflammatory response, sodium channel, transient receptor potential (TRP) channel, glutamate nervous system, and monoamine nervous system. Alternatively, very few drugs have clearly demonstrated the efficacy for oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy in clinical trials. It is important to activate translational research in order to translate basic research into clinical research.

12.
Heart Vessels ; 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33590306

RESUMO

Fenestration closure is considered to remove the persistent right-to-left shunt after the Fontan operation. However, the criteria for effective transcatheter closure of fenestration to avoid both acute and chronic Fontan failure have not been clarified. The objective of this study was to describe the hemodynamic data with test occlusion of the Fontan fenestration for patients who underwent a closure and those who did not, along with subsequent development of Fontan-associated diseases (FAD) at follow-up. This was a retrospective study conducted to assess the outcome of Fontan fenestration closure at Children's Hospital of Michigan over 27 years (1993-2019). The inclusion criteria were patients undergoing cardiac catheterization indicated for Fontan fenestration closure. Data were compared between the two groups: closure and non-closure patients. Baseline characteristics and hemodynamic variables with the fenestration occlusion test were analyzed. The primary outcome was the development of composite events of death/transplant, deteriorated New York Heart Association class symptoms, or FAD. Among the 38 patients who were brought to the catheterization laboratory, 33 received fenestration closure and 5 did not. On a median follow-up of 3.4 years (range, 1 month-12.6 years), the incidence of primary adverse outcomes was 13% (5/38). The incidence of primary outcome was significantly higher in the non-closure group (60% vs. 6%, p < 0.01). The non-closure group had a higher incidence of moderate or severe atrioventricular valve regurgitation, New York Heart Association class III symptoms, use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor/angiotensin receptor blocker, furosemide use, and sildenafil use. The multivariable logistic regression model showed that the hemodynamic variables associated with the non-closure group were mean left atrial pressure (odds ratio 1.74, p < 0.05) and change of mean Fontan pressure at the balloon occlusion (odds ratio 2.2, p < 0.05). The judgment of fenestration closure appeared appropriate in our cohort. Fontan fenestration closure may not be advisable in cases with a high baseline left atrial pressure or a significant increase in Fontan pressure on balloon occlusion testing.

13.
J Pediatr ; 2021 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33631169

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe blood pressure (BP) responses during cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) and propose criteria for abnormal BP responses in children with normal hearts. STUDY DESIGN: Treadmill CPET data of children <18 years with normal hearts were retrospectively analyzed to evaluate BP responses to exercise at the Children's Hospital of Michigan over an 8-year period (2011-2018). RESULTS: Our cohort included 1085 children (boys, 59%) aged 7-17 years. Analysis of variance for systolic BP at peak exercise (peak SBP) and SBP change (Δ) showed significant age and sex effects and age-sex interaction effects (P < .01). In the multiple linear regression model (P < .001, R square 0.298, standard error of the estimate 17.15), peak SBP (mm Hg) was predicted as 132.27 + 1.37 × age (years) + (3.31 × age (years) - 31.88) × sex [boys 1, girls 0]. The following criteria for abnormal BP responses in children were proposed: hypertensive BP response was defined by peak SBP with a 90% CI upper limit of reference values based on age and sex, and blunted BP response as ΔSBP <10 mm Hg for aged 7-11 years, <20 mm Hg for boys aged 12-17 years, and ΔSBP <10 mm Hg in girls. CONCLUSIONS: BP responses to treadmill CPET depend on age and sex in children with normal hearts. The proposed criteria for abnormal BP responses in children during CPET will need to be verified in a large pediatric cohort.

14.
Circ J ; 2021 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33536400

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to investigate in detail the temporal trends in in-hospital characteristics, actual management, and survival, including neurological status, among adult out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients in recent years.Methods and Results:From the prospective database of the Comprehensive Registry of Intensive Care for OHCA Survival (CRITICAL) study in Osaka, Japan, we enrolled all OHCA patients aged ≥18 years for whom resuscitation was attempted, and who were transported to participating hospitals between the years 2013 and 2017. The primary outcome measure was 1-month survival with favorable neurological outcome after OHCA. Temporal trends in in-hospital management and favorable neurological outcome among adult OHCA patients were assessed. Of the 11,924 patients in the database, we included a total of 10,228 adult patients from 16 hospitals. As for in-hospital advanced treatments, extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) use increased from 2.4% in 2013 to 4.3% in 2017 (P for trend <0.001). However, the proportion of adult OHCA patients with favorable neurological outcome did not change during the study period (from 5.7% in 2013 to 4.4% in 2017, adjusted odds ratio (OR) for 1-year increment: 0.98 (95% confidence interval: 0.94-1.23)). CONCLUSIONS: In this target population, in-hospital management such as ECPR increased slightly between 2013 and 2017, but 1-month survival with favorable neurological outcome after adult OHCA did not improve significantly.

15.
Pediatr Cardiol ; 42(4): 753-761, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33495908

RESUMO

Femoral artery thrombosis (FAT) is an adverse event post-catheterization. We decided to study the incidence and risk factors of FAT before and after initiation of a pulse loss monitoring program. All cardiac catheterization cases performed using femoral arterial vascular access were retrospectively reviewed. The study period was divided into two eras: before (era 1), and after the initiation of the protocol (era 2). The primary outcome was FAT requiring therapy. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression models were used to identify factors associated with FAT. Receiver operating characteristic curve were generated to predict FAT. Our cohort consisted of 2,388 cases including 467 (19.6%) infants weighing < 10 kg. The overall incidence of FAT was 1.7% (n = 41). The incidence of FAT was 3.5 times higher in era 2 (p < 0.001). Multivariable model showed that era, weight, sheath exchange, and coarctation intervention were significantly associated with FAT. Infants younger than 7.7 months and less than 6.7 kg were found to be at highest risk for FAT. Our study shows that the incidence of FAT may be underestimated without a monitoring program. Small infants and coarctation interventions requiring larger sheaths or sheath exchanges are at highest risk for FAT.

16.
Lupus ; 30(3): 448-458, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33402038

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Anti-ribosomal P protein autoantibodies (anti-P) specifically develop in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Associations of anti-P with lupus nephritis (LN) histological subclass and renal outcome remain inconclusive. We sought to determine the association of anti-P and anti-double-stranded DNA antibody (anti-dsDNA) with renal histology and prognosis in LN patients. METHODS: Thirty-four patients with LN, having undergone kidney biopsy, were included. The 2018 revised ISN/RPS classification system was used for pathophysiological evaluation. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 for > 3 months. RESULTS: Six patients (17.6%) were positive for anti-P and 26 (76.5%) for anti-dsDNA. Among the six patients with anti-P, one did not have anti-dsDNA, but did have anti-Sm antibody, and showed a histological subtype of class V. This patient maintained good renal function for over 14 years. The remaining five patients, who had both anti-P and anti-dsDNA, exhibited proliferative nephritis and were associated with prolonged hypocomplementemia, and the incidence of CKD did not differ from patients without anti-P. CONCLUSION: Although this study included a small number of patients, the results indicated that histology class and renal prognosis associated with anti-P depend on the coexistence of anti-dsDNA. Further studies with a large number of patients are required to confirm this conclusion.

17.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 1639, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33452306

RESUMO

We aimed to investigate the association between serum lactate levels during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and survival in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). From the database of a multicenter registry on OHCA patients, we included adult nontraumatic OHCA patients transported to the hospital with ongoing CPR. Based on the serum lactate levels during CPR, the patients were divided into four quartiles: Q1 (≤ 10.6 mEq/L), Q2 (10.6-14.1 mEq/L), Q3 (14.1-18.0 mEq/L), and Q4 (> 18.0 mEq/L). The primary outcome was 1-month survival. Among 5226 eligible patients, the Q1 group had the highest 1-month survival (5.6% [74/1311]), followed by Q2 (3.6% [47/1316]), Q3 (1.7% [22/1292]), and Q4 (1.0% [13/1307]) groups. In the multivariable logistic regression analysis, the adjusted odds ratio of Q4 compared with Q1 for 1-month survival was 0.24 (95% CI 0.13-0.46). 1-month survival decreased in a stepwise manner as the quartiles increased (p for trend < 0.001). In subgroup analysis, there was an interaction between initial rhythm and survival (p for interaction < 0.001); 1-month survival of patients with a non-shockable rhythm decreased when the lactate levels increased (p for trend < 0.001), but not in patients with a shockable rhythm (p for trend = 0.72). In conclusion, high serum lactate level during CPR was associated with poor 1-month survival in OHCA patients, especially in patients with non-shockable rhythm.

18.
J Am Med Inform Assoc ; 28(3): 477-486, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33316057

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Location visualization is essential for locating people/objects, improving efficiency, and preventing accidents. In hospitals, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth low energy (BLE) Beacon, indoor messaging system, and similar methods have generally been used for tracking, with Wi-Fi and BLE being the most common. Recently, nurses are increasingly using mobile devices, such as smartphones and tablets, while shifting. The accuracy when using Wi-Fi or BLE may be affected by interference or multipath propagation. In this research, we evaluated the positioning accuracy of geomagnetic indoor positioning in hospitals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We compared the position measurement accuracy of a geomagnetic method alone, Wi-Fi alone, BLE beacons alone, geomagnetic plus Wi-Fi, and geomagnetic plus BLE in a general inpatient ward, using a geomagnetic positioning algorithm by GiPStech. The existing Wi-Fi infrastructure was used, and 20 additional BLE beacons were installed. Our first experiment compared these methods' accuracy for 8 test routes, while the second experiment verified a combined geomagnetic/BLE beacon method using 3 routes based on actual daily activities. RESULTS: The experimental results demonstrated that the most accurate method was geomagnetic/BLE, followed by geomagnetic/Wi-Fi, and then geomagnetic alone. DISCUSSION: The geomagnetic method's positioning accuracy varied widely, but combining it with BLE beacons reduced the average position error to approximately 1.2 m, and the positioning accuracy could be improved further. We believe this could effectively target humans (patients) where errors of up to 3 m can generally be tolerated. CONCLUSION: In conjunction with BLE beacons, geomagnetic positioning could be sufficiently effective for many in-hospital localization tasks.

19.
Eur J Cancer ; 144: 61-71, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33340853

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peripheral sensory neuropathy (PSN) caused by oxaliplatin-based adjuvant chemotherapy adversely affects patients' quality of life. This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of capecitabine plus oxaliplatin (CAPOX) with intermittent oxaliplatin use compared with the standard CAPOX in adjuvant therapy for colon cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with curative resection for stage II/III colon cancer were randomly assigned to receive either CAPOX with continuous oxaliplatin (eight cycles of CAPOX) or CAPOX with intermittent oxaliplatin (two cycles of CAPOX, four cycles of capecitabine and two cycles of CAPOX). The primary end-point was the 1-year PSN rate, and the key secondary end-point was disease-free survival (DFS). RESULTS: Two hundred patients were enrolled in the intent-to-treat population. After 4 patients withdrew, 196 patients were included in the safety analysis. The overall treatment completion rate was 65% for continuous vs. 89% for intermittent treatment (p < 0.001). The 1-year PSN rate was 60% (95% confidence interval [CI], 50%-70%) for continuous and 16% (95% CI, 10%-25%) for intermittent treatment (p < 0.001). After a median follow-up of 52 months, 40 events (20%) were observed. The 3-year DFS was 81% (95% CI, 71%-87%) for continuous and 84% (95% CI, 75%-90%) for intermittent treatment (hazard ratio [HR], 0.87; 95% CI, 0.47-1.63). Among patients with high-risk disease (T4 or N2-3), the 3-year DFS was 57% for continuous vs. 74% for intermittent treatment (HR, 0.66). CONCLUSION: CAPOX with planned intermittent oxaliplatin may be feasible as an adjuvant therapy for colon cancer and substantially reduce the duration of long-lasting PSN. TRIAL IDENTIFIER: UMIN000012535.

20.
Cardiol Young ; : 1-3, 2020 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33261692

RESUMO

Transcatheter device closure of an atrial septal defect (ASD) may require an additional supportive technique in challenging cases. We report a 15-year-old male with moderate-sized ASD and severe scoliosis. In spite of adequate positioning of the Gore Cardioform ASD occluder, the device was pulled into the right atrium by a retrieval cord due to the acute release of strong tension between the delivery catheter and its device upon locking. This phenomenon was prevented by the use of Mullins sheath, resulting in a successful release of the device. The use of a Mullins sheath may be considered to deliver a Gore Cardioform ASD device in selected cases.

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