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1.
Radiologe ; 61(9): 853-862, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34409518

RESUMO

Radiotherapy of small targets with very high single doses administered in 1 to approximately 12 fractions-carried out under image guidance and with the intention of "tumour ablation"-is called stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for extracranial tumours or metastases. Radiobiologically, besides damaging the DNA of the tumour cells, the tumour vessels are also occluded and immunological effects are triggered. The safe performance of SBRT requires a very high physical-technical effort in order to ensure sufficient protection of healthy organs. Clinically, SBRT offers a wide range of applications in curative therapy (e.g. non-small-cell lung cancer stage I). Furthermore, it is a conservative, effective and well-tolerated option for the treatment of individual metastases and an optimal combination partner in the therapy of oligometastatic tumours.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Radiocirurgia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/radioterapia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia
2.
Strahlenther Onkol ; 193(8): 656-665, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28653120

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) techniques are now standard practice. IMRT or volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) allow treatment of the tumor while simultaneously sparing organs at risk. Nevertheless, treatment plan quality still depends on the physicist's individual skills, experiences, and personal preferences. It would therefore be advantageous to automate the planning process. This possibility is offered by the Pinnacle3 treatment planning system (Philips Healthcare, Hamburg, Germany) via its scripting language or Auto-Planning (AP) module. MATERIALS AND METHODS: AP module results were compared to in-house scripts and manually optimized treatment plans for standard head and neck cancer plans. Multiple treatment parameters were scored to judge plan quality (100 points = optimum plan). Patients were initially planned manually by different physicists and re-planned using scripts or AP. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Script-based head and neck plans achieved a mean of 67.0 points and were, on average, superior to manually created (59.1 points) and AP plans (62.3 points). Moreover, they are characterized by reproducibility and lower standard deviation of treatment parameters. Even less experienced staff are able to create at least a good starting point for further optimization in a short time. However, for particular plans, experienced planners perform even better than scripts or AP. Experienced-user input is needed when setting up scripts or AP templates for the first time. Moreover, some minor drawbacks exist, such as the increase of monitor units (+35.5% for scripted plans). CONCLUSION: On average, automatically created plans are superior to manually created treatment plans. For particular plans, experienced physicists were able to perform better than scripts or AP; thus, the benefit is greatest when time is short or staff inexperienced.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/radioterapia , Linguagens de Programação , Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador , Radioterapia Assistida por Computador , Software , Humanos , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Tumoral/efeitos da radiação
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