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1.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(17): 1730-1736, 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488301

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to report insights from the first 100 consecutive cardiovascular procedures with MANTA closure. BACKGROUND: The collagen-based MANTA vascular closure device (Teleflex, Wayne, Pennsylvania) has recently been approved for the closure of large-bore femoral access. METHODS: Procedural and access site-related complications were analyzed according to Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 criteria. Duration of bleeding after device closure was recorded. RESULTS: Patients underwent transcatheter aortic valve replacement (n = 75), endovascular aortic replacement (n = 21), or Impella left ventricular support (n = 4). In these 100 patients, a total of 122 MANTA devices were used (22 patients had bilateral large-bore access). None of the patients received protamine. Immediate hemostasis was achieved in 70 patients and hemostasis within 5 min in 87 patients. There were 7 patients with major and 4 patients with minor MANTA-associated vascular complications: femoral artery occlusion in 2, ongoing bleeding in 5, and pseudoaneurysm formation in 4 patients. One patient was treated with covered stent implantation, 7 required surgical revision, and 4 received thrombin injection. Complications occurred significantly more often in patients with peripheral artery disease and a minimal artery diameter <6 mm. Careful review of these complications suggests 3 distinct failure mechanisms. In vessels with narrow femoral artery diameters, elevation of the toggle may lead to occlusion of the artery, incomplete apposition of the plug may lead to perivascular (potentially retroperitoneal) bleeding, or pseudoaneurysm formation may occur. CONCLUSIONS: In this paper, MANTA-associated complications are addressed, 3 distinct failure mechanisms are suggested, and strategies to avoid these complications and improve procedural outcomes are discussed.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31424123

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The CLOSE protocol combines ablation index (AI) and ≤6 mm interlesion distance using standard power settings for the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF). The purpose was to compare the safety and efficacy of a conventional CLOSE and a higher power shorter duration (HPSD)-CLOSE pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) strategy. METHODS AND RESULTS: All consecutive patients referred for PVI were included after informed consent was obtained from them. Group 1 was treated with a standard CLOSE protocol and group 2 with a HPSD-CLOSE protocol (45 W anterior and 35 W posterior). Procedural parameters and 6-month follow-up were analyzed. In total, 174 patients (group 1: n = 94 [paroxysmal: n = 74]; group 2: n = 80 [paroxysmal: n = 65], similar baseline characteristics) were included. PVI was reached in all, but procedure duration (82 ± 18 minutes vs 100 ± 22 minutes; P < .0001) and radiofrequency (RF) time (23 ± 5 minutes vs 36 ± 11 minutes; P < .0001) was shorter in group 2. First pass isolation was similar in groups 2 and 1 (left veins: 94% vs 90%; P = .42 and right veins: 83% vs 84%; P = .79, respectively). Six-month off- antiarrhythmic drugs freedom of AF/AT was similar in groups 2 and 1 (82% [paroxysmal: 86%] vs 83% [paroxysmal: 88%]; P = .93, respectively). Major complications were similar (group 2: 1% vs group 1: 3%; P = .39). CONCLUSION: A higher-power short duration approach can shorten a CLOSE procedure and reduce ablation time without having a negative impact on safety or efficiency.

4.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(15): e010881, 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31311438

RESUMO

Background Clinical characteristics and outcomes of takotsubo syndrome (TTS) patients with malignancy have not been fully elucidated. This study sought to explore differences in clinical characteristics and to investigate short- and long-term outcomes in TTS patients with or without malignancy. Methods and Results TTS patients were enrolled from the International Takotsubo Registry. The TTS cohort was divided into patients with and without malignancy to investigate differences in clinical characteristics and to assess short- and long-term mortality. A subanalysis was performed comparing long-term mortality between a subset of TTS patients with or without malignancy and acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with or without malignancy. Malignancy was observed in 16.6% of 1604 TTS patients. Patients with malignancy were older and more likely to have physical triggers, but less likely to have emotional triggers compared with those without malignancy. Long-term mortality was higher in patients with malignancy (P<0.001), while short-term outcome was comparable (P=0.17). In a subanalysis, long-term mortality was comparable between TTS patients with malignancies and ACS patients with malignancies (P=0.13). Malignancy emerged as an independent predictor of long-term mortality. Conclusions A substantial number of TTS patients show an association with malignancy. History of malignancy might increase the risk for TTS, and therefore, appropriate screening for malignancy should be considered in these patients. Clinical Trial Registration URL: http://www.clinicaltrial.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01947621.

5.
Eur Heart J ; 40(26): 2142-2151, 2019 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31098611

RESUMO

AIMS: We aimed to evaluate the frequency, clinical features, and prognostic implications of cardiac arrest (CA) in takotsubo syndrome (TTS). METHODS AND RESULTS: We reviewed the records of patients with CA and known heart rhythm from the International Takotsubo Registry. The main outcomes were 60-day and 5-year mortality. In addition, predictors of mortality and predictors of CA during the acute TTS phase were assessed. Of 2098 patients, 103 patients with CA and known heart rhythm during CA were included. Compared with patients without CA, CA patients were more likely to be younger, male, and have apical TTS, atrial fibrillation (AF), neurologic comorbidities, physical triggers, and longer corrected QT-interval and lower left ventricular ejection fraction on admission. In all, 57.1% of patients with CA at admission had ventricular fibrillation/tachycardia, while 73.7% of patients with CA in the acute phase had asystole/pulseless electrical activity. Patients with CA showed higher 60-day (40.3% vs. 4.0%, P < 0.001) and 5-year mortality (68.9% vs. 16.7%, P < 0.001) than patients without CA. T-wave inversion and intracranial haemorrhage were independently associated with higher 60-day mortality after CA, whereas female gender was associated with lower 60-day mortality. In the acute phase, CA occurred less frequently in females and more frequently in patients with AF, ST-segment elevation, and higher C-reactive protein on admission. CONCLUSIONS: Cardiac arrest is relatively frequent in TTS and is associated with higher short- and long-term mortality. Clinical and electrocardiographic parameters independently predicted mortality after CA.

8.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 73(9): 989-999, 2019 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30846109

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) have an increased risk of cognitive decline, potentially resulting from clinically unrecognized vascular brain lesions. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the relationships between cognitive function and vascular brain lesions in patients with AF. METHODS: Patients with known AF were enrolled in a multicenter study in Switzerland. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and cognitive testing using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) were performed in all participants. Large noncortical or cortical infarcts (LNCCIs), small noncortical infarcts (SNCIs), microbleeds, and white matter lesions were quantified by a central core laboratory. Clinically silent infarcts were defined as infarcts on brain MRI in patients without a clinical history of stroke or transient ischemic attack. RESULTS: The study included 1,737 patients with a mean age of 73 ± 8 years (28% women, 90% taking oral anticoagulant agents). On MRI, LNCCIs were found in 387 patients (22%), SNCIs in 368 (21%), microbleeds in 372 (22%), and white matter lesions in 1715 (99%). Clinically silent infarcts among the 1,390 patients without a history of stroke or transient ischemic attack were found in 201 patients with LNCCIs (15%) and 245 patients with SNCIs (18%). The MoCA score was 24.7 ± 3.3 in patients with and 25.8 ± 2.9 in those without LNCCIs on brain MRI (p < 0.001). The difference in MoCA score remained similar when only clinically silent LNCCIs were considered (24.9 ± 3.1 vs. 25.8 ± 2.9; p < 0.001). In a multivariable regression model including all vascular brain lesion parameters, LNCCI volume was the strongest predictor of a reduced MoCA (ß = -0.26; 95% confidence interval: -0.40 to -0.13; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with AF have a high burden of LNCCIs and other brain lesions on systematic brain MRI screening, and most of these lesions are clinically silent. LNCCIs were associated with worse cognitive function, even among patients with clinically silent infarcts. Our findings raise the question of MRI screening in patients with AF.

10.
J Thorac Dis ; 10(Suppl 30): S3614-S3619, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30505543

RESUMO

During the past years, the industry and most transcatheter aortic valve operators have focused on reduction of paravalvular leaks rather than on the reduction of permanent pacemakers (PPM). However, since indication for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is moving toward a healthier and younger patient population, new PPMs may become more of an issue. Certain factors such as pre-existing conduction disorders or anatomical features cannot be changed. However, the amount of mechanical trauma to the conduction system and periprocedural medical management offers the potential for optimization. By optimizing our procedure, we may finally be able to achieve low, surgical-like, PPM rates.

11.
PLoS One ; 13(12): e0208931, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30586432

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little is known about heart diseases and their treatment in rural sub-Saharan Africa. This study aimed to describe the occurrence, characteristics, and etiologies of heart diseases, and the medication taken before and prescribed after echocardiography in a rural referral Hospital in Tanzania. METHODS: This prospective descriptive cohort study included all adults and children referred for echocardiography. Clinical and echocardiographic data were collated for analysis. RESULTS: From December 2015 to October 2017, a total of 1'243 echocardiograms were performed. A total of 815 adults and 59 children ≤15 years had abnormal echocardiographic findings; in adults 537/815 (66%) had hypertension, with 230/537(43%) on antihypertensive drugs, and 506/815 (62%) were not on regular cardiac medication; 346/815 (42%) had severe eccentric or concentric left ventricular hypertrophy, and 182/815 (22%) had severe systolic heart failure. Only 44% demonstrated normal left ventricular systolic function. The most frequent heart diseases were hypertensive heart disease (41%), valvular heart disease (18%), coronary heart disease (18%), peripartum cardiomyopathy (7%), and other non-hypertensive dilated cardiomyopathies (6%) in adults, and congenital heart disease (34%) in children. Following echocardiography, 802/815 (98%) adults and 40/59 (68%) children had an indication for cardiac medication, 70/815 (9%) and 2/59 (3%) for oral anticoagulation, and 35/815 (4%) and 23/59 (39%) for cardiac surgery, respectively. CONCLUSION: Hypertension is the leading etiology of heart diseases in rural Tanzania. Most patients present with advanced stages of heart disease, and the majority are not treated before echocardiography. There is an urgent need for increased awareness, expertise and infrastructure to detect and treat hypertension and heart failure in rural Africa.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/epidemiologia , Cardiopatias/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , África/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cardiomiopatias/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatias/epidemiologia , Cardiomiopatias/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Coortes , Doença das Coronárias/diagnóstico , Doença das Coronárias/epidemiologia , Doença das Coronárias/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Coração/fisiopatologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico , Cardiopatias Congênitas/fisiopatologia , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/epidemiologia , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , População Rural , Tanzânia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
14.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 72(8): 874-882, 2018 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30115226

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prognosis of Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) remains controversial due to scarcity of available data. Additionally, the effect of the triggering factors remains elusive. OBJECTIVES: This study compared prognosis between TTS and acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients and investigated short- and long-term outcomes in TTS based on different triggers. METHODS: Patients with TTS were enrolled from the International Takotsubo Registry. Long-term mortality of patients with TTS was compared to an age- and sex-matched cohort of patients with ACS. In addition, short- and long-term outcomes were compared between different groups according to triggering conditions. RESULTS: Overall, TTS patients had a comparable long-term mortality risk with ACS patients. Of 1,613 TTS patients, an emotional trigger was detected in 485 patients (30%). Of 630 patients (39%) related to physical triggers, 98 patients (6%) had acute neurologic disorders, while in the other 532 patients (33%), physical activities, medical conditions, or procedures were the triggering conditions. The remaining 498 patients (31%) had no identifiable trigger. TTS patients related to physical stress showed higher mortality rates than ACS patients during long-term follow-up, whereas patients related to emotional stress had better outcomes compared with ACS patients. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, TTS patients had long-term outcomes comparable to age- and sex-matched ACS patients. Also, we demonstrated that TTS can either be benign or a life-threating condition depending on the inciting stress factor. We propose a new classification based on triggers, which can serve as a clinical tool to predict short- and long-term outcomes of TTS. (International Takotsubo Registry [InterTAK Registry]; NCT01947621).

15.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 30(9): 329-333, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30012890

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We report an international experience of transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) using the self-expanding Acurate neo valve (Boston Scientific) in aortic regurgitation. METHODS: This series comprises 20 patients with pure aortic regurgitation undergoing transfemoral TAVR with the Acurate neo prosthesis at nine centers in Europe and Israel. RESULTS: Mean age was 79 ± 8 years and mean STS score was 8.3 ± 9.3%. Leaflet calcification was none/minimal in 19 patients (95%). Prosthesis size selection was based on perimeter-derived annular diameter, with a tendency to over-size in cases of borderline annuli. One patient required implantation of a second valve. Device success rate was 18/20 (90%). At discharge, aortic regurgitation was none in 14 patients (70%), mild in 5 patients (25%), and moderate in 1 patient (5%). Left ventricular end-diastolic diameter decreased from 58 ± 7 mm at baseline to 53 ± 7 mm before discharge (P<.001). At 30-day follow-up, there was no mortality, no stroke, and 3 patients (15%) had received a permanent pacemaker. New York Heart Association class had improved significantly compared to baseline (85% in class I/II compared to 15% at baseline; P<.001). CONCLUSIONS: In a selected patient population, transfemoral TAVR using the Acurate neo transcatheter heart valve was successful in treating aortic regurgitation, significantly reduced left ventricular dimensions, and improved clinical symptoms.

16.
EuroIntervention ; 14(7): 758-761, 2018 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29969434

RESUMO

Here we describe the first implantation of the novel bicavally anchored Tricento transcatheter heart valve via the transvenous transfemoral access in a 74-year-old woman with severe tricuspid regurgitation and holosystolic hepatic vein backflow. Following successful implantation, caval vein regurgitant volume was reduced leading to symptomatic and clinical improvement at three-month follow-up. The Tricento device represents a promising, novel therapeutic option for patients with severe tricuspid regurgitation who are not candidates for open heart surgery.

17.
J Interv Card Electrophysiol ; 52(2): 173-177, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29713860

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Early lead failure has recently been reported in ICD patients with Linox SD leads. We aimed to compare the long-term performance of the following lead model Linox Smart SD with other contemporary high-voltage leads. METHODS: All patients receiving high-voltage leads at our center between November 2009 and May 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Lead failure was defined as the occurrence of one or more of the following: non-physiological high-rate episodes, low- or high-voltage impedance anomalies, undersensing, or non-capture. RESULTS: In total, 220 patients were included (Linox Smart SD, n = 113; contemporary lead, n = 107). During a median follow-up of 3.8 years (IQR 1.6-5.9 years), a total of 16 (14 in Linox Smart SD and 2 in contemporary group) lead failures occurred, mostly due to non-physiological high-rate sensing or impedance abnormalities. Lead failure incidence rates per 100 person-years were 2.9 (95% CI 1.7-4.9) and 0.6 (95% CI 0.1-2.3) for Linox Smart SD compared to contemporary leads respectively. Kaplan Meier estimates of 5-year lead failure rates were 14.0% (95% CI 8.1-23.6%) and 1.3% (95% CI 0.2-8.9%), respectively (log-rank p = 0.028). Implantation of a Linox Smart SD lead increased the risk of lead failure with a hazard ratio (HR) of 4.53 (95% CI 1.03-19.95, p = 0.046) and 4.44 (95% CI 1.00-19.77, p = 0.05) in uni- and multivariable Cox models. CONCLUSIONS: The new Linox Smart SD lead model was associated with high failure rates and should be monitored closely to detect early signs of lead failure.

18.
J Atr Fibrillation ; 10(1): 1527, 2017 Jun-Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29250219

RESUMO

Predicting atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence after successful electrical cardioversion (ECV) is difficult. The main aim of this study was to investigate whether acoustic cardiography (AUDICOR® 200) immediately post-ECV might provide indices for AF relapse following cardioversion. Acoustic cardiography parameters included Electromechanical Activation Time (EMAT), Left Ventricular Systolic Time (LVST), QRS duration, heart rate and third heart sound intensity (S3 Strength). We analysed data from 140 patients who underwent successful cardioversion and in whom AUDICOR results and echocardiographic measurements immediately after (baseline) ECV were available. Patients were prospectively followed-up at 4-6 weeks, 3 and 12 months post-ECV, and sinus rhythm maintenance was evaluated using acoustic cardiography and Holter electrocardiography. The effect of each baseline AUDICOR parameter on the hazard of AF relapse was investigated using Cox proportional hazards (PH) models. Fifty patients (35.7%) had AF relapse. Of all the AUDICOR parameters, only S3 Strength exhibited consistent predictive value. Increasing S3 Strength increased the hazard of relapse in a univariable Cox PH model (HR=2.52, p=0.003), and in two multivariable Cox PH model constructions (Model 1 excluded heart rate and Model II excluded EMAT/RR, LVST and LVST/RR) both of which included the parameters as continuous variables (Model I: HR=1.15, p=0.042; Model II: HR=1.14, p=0.045) or the parameters dichotomized according to suggested cut-points (Model I: HR=2.5, p=0.007; Model II: HR=2.09, p=0.031). In conclusion, this study suggests that acoustic cardiography may be a simple inexpensive and quantitative bedside method to assist in prediction of AF recurrence after ECV.

19.
Indian Pacing Electrophysiol J ; 17(6): 171-175, 2017 Nov - Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29110936

RESUMO

AIMS: To compare cardiac function when pacing from the right or left ventricular apex in patients with preserved left ventricular systolic function, at 1-year follow-up. METHODS: Prospective, multicentre centre randomizing conventional right ventricular apical (RVA) versus left ventricular apical (LVA) pacing using a coronary sinus lead in patients requiring ventricular pacing for bradycardia. Follow-up was performed using 3D-echocardiography at 6 and 12 months. RESULTS: A total of 36 patients (age 75.4 ± 8.7 years, 21 males) were enrolled (17 patients in the RVA group and 19 patients in the LVA group). A right ventricular lead was implanted in 8 patients in the LVA group, mainly because of high capture thresholds. There were no differences in the primary endpoint of LVEF at 1 year (60.4 ± 7.1% vs 62.1 ± 7.2% for the RVA and LVA groups respectively, P = 0.26) nor in any of the secondary endpoints (left ventricular dimensions, left ventricular diastolic function, right ventricular systolic function and tricuspid/mitral insufficiency). LVEF did not change significantly over follow-up in either group. Capture thresholds were significantly higher in the LVA group, and two patients had unexpected loss of capture of the coronary sinus lead during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Left univentricular pacing seems to be comparable to conventional RVA pacing in terms of ventricular function at up to 1 year follow-up, and is an option to consider in selected patients (e.g. those with a tricuspid valve prosthesis).

20.
EuroIntervention ; 13(11): 1273-1280, 2017 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28870877

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate whether minimising trauma to the aortic annulus and left ventricular outflow tract reduces the occurrence of new conduction disorders and the need for permanent pacemakers. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 175 patients (58% female, mean age 83±6 years) underwent transfemoral TAVI with the Boston Scientific ACURATE neo at three centres in Europe. Prosthesis size selection was based on perimeter-derived annular diameter. Predilatation was performed in all with a balloon 1.9±0.9 mm smaller than the perimeter-derived annular diameter. Post-dilatation was performed in 46 (26.3%) with a balloon 1.2±0.9 mm smaller than the perimeter-derived annular diameter. Eighteen patients (10.3%) developed a new left bundle branch block, 13 (7%) a new first-degree AV block, and four (2.3%) received a new permanent pacemaker. Paravalvular regurgitation was none/trace in 66 (37.7%), mild in 101 (57.7%) and moderate in eight (4.6%). At 30 days, the rate of any stroke was 1.7% (3/175), and one patient (0.6%) had died. CONCLUSIONS: With careful selection of the balloon and the ACURATE neo prosthesis size, very low rates of new conduction disorders and permanent pacemaker implantation may be achieved without increasing the amount of paravalvular regurgitation.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Bloqueio Atrioventricular/terapia , Valvuloplastia com Balão , Bloqueio de Ramo/terapia , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Marca-Passo Artificial , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/instrumentação , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/etiologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Bloqueio Atrioventricular/diagnóstico , Bloqueio Atrioventricular/etiologia , Bloqueio Atrioventricular/fisiopatologia , Valvuloplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Valvuloplastia com Balão/mortalidade , Bloqueio de Ramo/diagnóstico , Bloqueio de Ramo/etiologia , Bloqueio de Ramo/fisiopatologia , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Desenho de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
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