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2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33221851

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The goal was to evaluate outcomes after conservative or surgical treatment of acute aortic arch dissections. METHODS: Between January 2009 and December 2018, patients with a diagnosis of acute aortic dissection were analysed. Aortic arch aortic dissection was defined as a dissection with an isolated entry tear at the aortic arch with no involvement of the ascending aorta. RESULTS: Aortic arch dissection was diagnosed in 31 patients (age 59 ± 11 years). Surgical intervention was performed in 13 (41.9%) cases. Overall in-hospital mortality was 3% (n = 1), and all deaths occurred in the conservative group (n = 1; 6%), whereas the overall stroke rate was 3% (n = 1), and all strokes occurred in the group treated surgically (n = 1; 8%). Surgical repair was necessary for the following conditions: end-organ malperfusion (n = 9; 69%), impending rupture (n = 3; 23%) and dilatation of the aorta with ongoing pain refractory to medical treatment (n = 1; 8%). Overall survival at the end of the follow-up period was 71%, with 77% in the surgical group and 63% in the conservative group (P = 0.91). Freedom from surgical intervention was 71%, with 82% in the surgical and 63% in the conservative group (P = 0.21), and freedom from a neurological event was 88%, with 89% versus 89% (P = 0.68) in the surgical and conservative groups, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Aortic arch dissection is a rare pathological condition that is one of the most challenging decision-making entities. Patients manifesting an uneventful course not requiring a surgical intervention during a hospital stay were at a higher risk for aorta-related intervention during the follow-up period. The treatment modality had no impact on survival or on the incidence of a neurological event.

3.
Europace ; 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038231

RESUMO

AIMS : The aim of this study is to characterize recurrent syncope, including sex-specific aspects, and its impact on death and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). METHODS AND RESULTS: We characterized recurrent syncope in a large international multicentre study, enrolling patients ≥40 years presenting to the emergency department (ED) with a syncopal event within the last 12 h. Syncope aetiology was centrally adjudicated by two independent cardiologists using all information becoming available during syncope work-up and long-term follow-up. Overall, 1790 patients were eligible for this analysis. Incidence of recurrent syncope was 20% [95% confidence interval (CI) 18-22%] within the first 24 months. Patients with an adjudicated final diagnosis of cardiac syncope (hazard ratio (HR) 1.50, 95% CI 1.11-2.01) or syncope with an unknown aetiology even after central adjudication (HR 2.11, 95% CI 1.54-2.89) had an increased risk for syncope recurrence. Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator regression fit on all patient information available early in the ED identified >3 previous episodes of syncope as the only independent predictor for recurrent syncope (HR 2.13, 95% CI 1.64-2.75). Recurrent syncope carried an increased risk for death (HR 1.87, 95% CI 1.26-2.77) and MACE (HR 2.69, 95% CI 2.02-3.59) over 24 months of follow-up, however, with a time-dependent effect. These findings were confirmed in a sensitivity analysis excluding patients with syncope recurrence or MACE before or during ED evaluation. CONCLUSION : Recurrence rates of syncope are substantial and vary depending on syncope aetiology. Importantly, recurrent syncope carries a time-dependent increased risk for death and MACE. TRIAL REGISTRATION: BAsel Syncope EvaLuation (BASEL IX, ClinicalTrials.gov registry number NCT01548352).

4.
Eur J Emerg Med ; 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32976310

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether the diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) patients with chest pain (CP) is more difficult based on the initial clinical and electrocardiogram (ECG) findings. METHODS: We included consecutive CP patients attended at a single emergency department (ED) during a 10-year period. CABG status and the final diagnosis of ACS were considered as stated in the ED discharge report. We evaluated the frequency of 21 CP characteristics (CPC) and four ECG signatures, their individual and collective association with ACS, and ED length of stay (LOS) in CABG and non-CABG patients. RESULTS: We included 34 429 patients [median age: 61 years; female: 41.8%; CABG: 2204 patients (6.4%)], and ACS was diagnosed in 6727 (19.5%; CABG/non-CABG 37.2%/18.3%; P < 0.001). CABG patients more frequently had CPC and ECG findings typically associated with ACS, but their final association with ACS was weaker than in non-CABG patients (only significant after adjustment for attendant diaphoresis, throat irradiation, ST-segment elevation and T-wave inversion). The collective discriminative capacity was significantly lower in CABG patients (area under the curve 0.710 vs. 0.793; P < 0.001), even after adjustment (0.708 vs. 0.790; P < 0.001). ED LOS was longer for CABG patients, overall (P < 0.001) and for patients diagnosed with ACS (P = 0.008) and non-ACS (P < 0.001), but these differences disappeared after adjustment. CONCLUSION: CABG substantially reduces the diagnostic performance of CPC and ECG findings to suggest ACS. A longer LOS in the ED in CABG patients is more related to their baseline characteristics than to CABG itself.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32798027

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether the modified frozen elephant trunk (mFET) procedure provides comparable outcome compared with the standard approach for DeBakey type I aortic dissection. METHODS: From November 2008 to December 2018, 262 (mean age 62.7 ± 12.4 years) patients with acute DeBakey type I aortic dissection were included. mFET was performed in 100 (38.2%) patients and isolated ascending aorta and hemiarch replacement (iAoA) were performed in 162 (61.8%). Outcome analyses included in-hospital mortality, stroke rate, incidence of composite cardiovascular events, survival, freedom from aorta-related intervention, as well as freedom from neurologic event. Inverse probability of treatment weighting was applied. RESULTS: After inverse probability of treatment weighting, in-hospital mortality was greater in the iAoA group. The incidence of cardiac cause of death, new postoperative renal failure, as well as stroke rate were similar in both groups. The survival at 1 year, 3 years, and 4 years was 84%, 81%, and 77%, respectively, in the iAoA group and 91%, 86%, and 86%, P = .025, respectively, in the mFET group. Cause-specific HR for aortic reoperation 1.03 (confidence interval [CI], 0.43-2.48, P = .95) and neurovascular event 2.72 (CI, 0.62-11.93, P = .19) was similar in 2 groups. Subhazard ratio (sHR) for mortality as competing outcome for aorta-related reintervention sHR of 0.52 (CI, 0.32-0.86, P = .011) and neurologic event sHR of 0.45 (95% CI, 0.26-0.76, P = .003) was significantly lower in mFET. CONCLUSIONS: The mFET procedure as surgical treatment modality for DeBakey type I acute aortic dissection may be considered as viable alternative with beneficial mid-term outcome.

8.
ESC Heart Fail ; 7(4): 1982-1986, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32351016

RESUMO

Post-operative right coronary artery occlusion is a serious complication that demands acute coronary revascularization to prevent myocardial infarction. We present two cases with acute right coronary artery obstruction caused by (1) transfemoral aortic valve implantation and (2) acute type A aortic dissection. Although coronary artery bypass grafting was performed intraoperatively, right heart failure was observed in both cases. The Impella RP® device offers temporary right ventricular mechanical support; wherefore, we decided to deploy it in both patients. The devices were uneventfully and successfully implanted to bridge for recovery of the right heart. We report the perioperative course of the patients as well as their condition at 1 year follow-up.

9.
World J Surg ; 44(9): 3175-3181, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32458022

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Mid-term data from a single centre showed the safety and durability of aortic valve neocuspidization using autologous pericardium (OZAKI procedure). Since validation data from other centres are missing, aim of this study was to analyze echocardiographic and clinical results of our first patients that were operated with the OZAKI technique. METHODS: Thirty-five patients (24 males, median (IQR) age 72.0 (59.0, 76.0) years) with aortic stenosis (AS; n = 10), aortic insufficiency (AR; n = 13) or a combination of both (AS/AR; n = 12), underwent aortic valve neocuspidization in our institution between September 2015 and May 2017. Echocardiographic follow-up was performed using a standardized examination protocol. RESULTS: Clinical follow-up was completed in 97% of the patients. Median (IQR) follow-up time was 645 (430, 813) days. Mortality rate was 9% (n = 1: aspiration pneumonia; n = 1: unknown; n = 1: anaphylactic shock), and the reoperation rate was 3% (n = 1: endocarditis). No pacemaker implantation was necessary after isolated OZAKI procedures. Echocardiographic follow-up was performed in 83% of the patients (n = 29; median (IQR) time 664 (497, 815) days). Median (IQR) mean and peak gradients were 6 (5,9) mmHg and 12 (8, 17) mmHg. Moderate aortic regurgitation was seen in 2 patients (7%). No severe aortic regurgitation or moderate or severe aortic stenosis occurred within the follow-up period. CONCLUSIONS: The OZAKI procedure is reliable and reoperation due to structural valve deterioration nil within a median 645 days follow-up period. The low rate of moderate aortic regurgitation will be surveilled very closely. Further studies are required to evaluate the significance of this procedure in aortic valve surgery. CLINICAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ClinicalTrials.gov (ID NCT03677804).

10.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32451223

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Release kinetics of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) T and I in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are incompletely understood. We aimed to assess whether hs-cTnT/I release in early AMI is near linear. METHODS: In a prospective diagnostic multicenter study the acute release of hs-cTnT and hs-cTnI within 1 and 2hours from presentation to the emergency department was quantified using 3 hs-cTnT/I assays in patients with suspected AMI. The primary endpoint was correlation between hs-cTn changes from presentation to 1 hour vs changes from presentation to 2hours, among all AMI patients and different prespecified subgroups. The final diagnosis was adjudicated by 2 independent cardiologists, based on serial hs-cTnT from the serial study blood samples and additional locally measured hs-cTn values. RESULTS: Among 2437 patients with complete hs-cTnT data, AMI was the adjudicated diagnosis in 376 patients (15%). For hs-cTnT, the correlation coefficient between 0- to 1-hour change and 0- to 2 hour change was 0.931 (95%CI, 0.916-0.944), P <.001. Similar findings were obtained with hs-cTnI (Architect) with correlation coefficients between 0- to 1-hour change and 0- to 2 hour change of 0.969 and hs-cTnI (Centaur) of 0.934 (P <.001 for both). Findings were consistent among type 1 and type 2 AMI and in the subgroup of patients presenting very early after chest pain onset. CONCLUSIONS: Patients presenting with early AMI showed a near linear release of hs-cTnT and hs-cTnI. This near linearity provides the pathophysiological basis for rapid diagnostic algorithms using 0- to 1-hour changes as surrogates for 0- to 2 hour or 0- to 3 hour changes. Registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (Identifier: NCT00470587).

11.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 75(10): 1111-1124, 2020 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32164884

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Until now, high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) assays were mainly developed for large central laboratory platforms. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the clinical performance of a point-of-care (POC)-hs-cTnI assay in patients with suspected myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: This study enrolled patients presenting to the emergency department with symptoms suggestive of MI. Two cardiologists centrally adjudicated the final diagnosis using all clinical data including cardiac imaging. The primary objective was to directly compare diagnostic accuracy of POC-hs-cTnI-TriageTrue versus best-validated central laboratory assays. Secondary objectives included the derivation and validation of a POC-hs-cTnI-TriageTrue-specific 0/1-h algorithm. RESULTS: MI was the adjudicated final diagnosis in 178 of 1,261 patients (14%). The area under the curve (AUC) for POC-hs-cTnI-TriageTrue at presentation was 0.95 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.93 to 0.96) and was at least comparable to hs-cTnT-Elecsys (AUC: 0.94; 95% CI: 0.93 to 0.96; p = 0.213) and hs-cTnI-Architect (AUC: 0.92; 95% CI: 0.90 to 0.93; p < 0.001). A single cutoff concentration <3 ng/l at presentation identified 45% of patients at low risk with a negative predictive value (NPV) of 100% (95% CI: 99.4% to 100%). A single cutoff concentration >60 ng/l identified patients at high risk with a positive predictive value (PPV) of 76.8% (95% CI: 68.9% to 83.6%). The 0/1-h algorithm ruled out 55% of patients (NPV: 100%; 95% CI: 98.8% to 100%), and ruled in 18% of patients (PPV: 76.8%; 95% CI: 67.2% to 84.7%). Ruled-out patients had cumulative event rates of 0% at 30 days and 1.6% at 2 years. This study confirmed these findings in a secondary analysis including hs-cTnI-Architect for central adjudication. CONCLUSIONS: The POC-hs-cTnI-TriageTrue assay provides high diagnostic accuracy in patients with suspected MI with a clinical performance that is at least comparable to that of best-validated central laboratory assays. (Advantageous Predictors of Acute Coronary Syndromes Evaluation Study [APACE]; NCT00470587).

12.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2020: 5141503, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32148439

RESUMO

Background: To compare the performance of our institutionally refined microplegia protocol in conjunction with minimal extracorporeal circulation system (MiECC) with off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB). Methods: We conducted a single center study including patients undergoing isolated CABG surgery performed either off-pump or on-pump using our refined microplegia protocol in conjunction with MiECC. We used propensity modelling to calculate the inverse probability of treatment weights (IPTW). Primary endpoints were peak values of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) during hospitalization, and respective first values on the first postoperative day. Endpoint analysis was adjusted for intraoperative variables. Results: After IPTW, we could include 278 patients into our analyses, 153 of which had received OPCAB and 125 of which had received microplegia. Standardized differences indicated that treatment groups were comparable after IPTW. The multivariable quantile regression yielded a nonsignificant median increase of first hs-cTnT by 39 ng/L (95% CI -8 to 87 ng/L, p = 0.11), and of peak hs-cTnT by 35 ng/L (CI -13 to 84, p = 0.11), and of peak hs-cTnT by 35 ng/L (CI -13 to 84, p = 0.11), and of peak hs-cTnT by 35 ng/L (CI -13 to 84, p = 0.11), and of peak hs-cTnT by 35 ng/L (CI -13 to 84. Conclusion: The use of our institutionally refined microplegia in conjunction with MiECC was associated with similar results with regard to ischemic injury, expressed in hs-cTnT compared to OPCAB. MACCE was seen equally frequent. ICU discharge was earlier if microplegia was used.

13.
Ann Intern Med ; 172(3): 175-185, 2020 02 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31905377

RESUMO

Background: The optimal noninvasive method for surveillance in symptomatic patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) is unknown. Objective: To apply a novel approach using very low concentrations of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) for exclusion of inducible myocardial ischemia in symptomatic patients with CAD. Design: Prospective diagnostic cohort study. (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01838148). Setting: University hospital. Patients: 1896 consecutive patients with CAD referred with symptoms possibly related to inducible myocardial ischemia. Measurements: Presence of inducible myocardial ischemia was adjudicated using myocardial perfusion imaging with single-photon emission computed tomography, as well as coronary angiography and fractional flow reserve measurements where available. Staff blinded to adjudication measured circulating hs-cTn concentrations. An hs-cTnI cutoff of 2.5 ng/L, derived previously in mostly asymptomatic patients with CAD, was assessed. Predefined target performance criteria were at least 90% negative predictive value (NPV) and at least 90% sensitivity for exclusion of inducible myocardial ischemia. Sensitivity analyses were based on measurements with an hs-cTnT assay and an alternative hs-cTnI assay with even higher analytic sensitivity (limit of detection, 0.1 ng/L). Results: Overall, 865 patients (46%) had inducible myocardial ischemia. The hs-cTnI cutoff of 2.5 ng/L provided an NPV of 70% (95% CI, 64% to 75%) and a sensitivity of 90% (CI, 88% to 92%) for exclusion of inducible myocardial ischemia. No hs-cTnI cutoff reached both performance characteristics predefined as targets. Similarly, using the alternative assays for hs-cTnI or hs-cTnT, no cutoff achieved the target performance: hs-cTnT concentrations less than 5 ng/L yielded an NPV of 66% (CI, 59% to 72%), and hs-cTnI concentrations less than 2 ng/L yielded an NPV of 68% (CI, 62% to 74%). Limitation: Data were generated in a large single-center diagnostic study using central adjudication. Conclusion: In symptomatic patients with CAD, very low hs-cTn concentrations, including hs-cTnI concentrations less than 2.5 ng/L, do not generally allow users to safely exclude inducible myocardial ischemia. Primary Funding Source: European Union, Swiss National Science Foundation, Kommission für Technologie und Innovation (Innosuisse), Swiss Heart Foundation, Cardiovascular Research Foundation Basel, University of Basel, University Hospital Basel, Roche, Abbott, and Singulex.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Isquemia Miocárdica/sangue , Isquemia Miocárdica/diagnóstico , Troponina I/sangue , Troponina T/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Coortes , Angiografia Coronária , Feminino , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imagem de Perfusão do Miocárdio , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único
15.
World J Surg ; 44(5): 1648-1657, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31933041

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim was to evaluate the impact of a modified frozen elephant trunk procedure (mFET) on remodeling of the downstream aorta following acute aortic dissections. METHODS: Over a period of 8 years, 205 patients (mean age 62.6 ± 12.6 years) underwent a mFET (n = 69, 33.7%) or isolated ascending aorta replacement (n = 136, 66.3%) (iAoA). Aortic diameter was assessed at the aortic arch (AoA), at the mid of the thoracic aorta (mThA), at the thoracoabdominal transition (ThAbd) and at the celiac trunk level (AbdA). RESULTS: Mean follow-up was 3.3 ± 2.6 years. In-hospital mortality was 14% (n = 28), 7% in mFET and 17% in the iAoA group (p = 0.08). At the end of the follow-up, overall survival was 84% (95% CI 70-92%) and 75% (65-82%) and freedom from aorta-related reoperation was 100% and 95% (88-98%) for mFET and iAoA, respectively. At iAoA, the average difference in diameter change per year between mFET and iAoA was for total lumen 0 mm (- 0.95 to 0.94 mm, p = 0.99), and for true lumen, it was 1.23 mm (- 0.09 to 2.55 mm) per year, p = 0.067. False lumen demonstrated a decrease in diameter in mFET as compared to iAoA by - 1.43 mm (- 2.75 to - 0.11 mm), p = 0.034. In mFET, at the aortic arch level the total lumen diameter decreased from 30.7 ± 4.8 mm to 30.1 ± 2.5 mm (Δr + 2.90 ± 3.64 mm) and in iAoA it increased from 31.8 ± 4.9 to 34.6 ± 5.9 mm (Δr + 2.88 ± 4.18 mm). CONCLUSION: The mFET procedure provides satisfactory clinical outcome at short term and mid-term and has a positive impact on aorta remodeling, especially at the level of the aortic arch.

16.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; : 2048872619853579, 2020 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31976746

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent advances in digital electrocardiography technology allow evaluating ST-segment deviations in all 12 leads as quantitative variables and calculating summed ST-segment deviation scores. The diagnostic and prognostic utility of summed ST-segment deviation scores is largely unknown. METHODS: We aimed to explore the diagnostic and prognostic utility of the conventional and the modified ST-segment deviation score (Better Analysis of ST-segment Elevations and Depressions in a 12- Lead-ECG-Score (BASEL-Score): sum of elevations in the augmented voltage right - lead (aVR) plus absolute, unsigned ST-segment depressions in the remaining leads) in patients presenting with suspected non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. The diagnostic endpoint was non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, adjudicated by two independent cardiologists. Prognostic endpoint was mortality during two-year follow up. RESULTS: Among 1330 patients, non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction was present in 200 (15%) patients. Diagnostic accuracy for non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction as quantified by the area under the receiver-operating-characteristics curve was significantly higher for the BASEL-Score (0.73; 95% confidence interval 0.69-0.77) as compared to the conventional ST-segment deviation score (0.53; 95% confidence interval 0.49-0.57, p<0.001). The BASEL-Score provided additional independent diagnostic value to dichotomous electrocardiogram variables (ST-segment depression, T-inversion, both p<0.001) and to high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (p<0.001) as well as clinical judgment at 90 min (p<0.001). Similarly, only the BASEL-Score proved to be an independent predictor of two year mortality. CONCLUSIONS: The modified ST-segment deviation score BASEL-Score focusing on ST-segment elevation in aVR and ST-segment depressions in the remaining leads provides incremental diagnostic and prognostic information.

17.
Perfusion ; 35(2): 131-137, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31364492

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Aim of this study was to evaluate ascending aorta and aortic root dimension at acute type A dissection (acute aortic dissection) and to identify demographics elements being allied to the acute event. METHODS: In a period between 2009 and 2017, 225 (n = 71, 32% female, mean age = 63 ± 12 years) patients eligible for analysis of ascending aorta and 223 (n = 70, 31% female, mean age = 63 ± 13 years) of aortic root were included in this study. Aortic diameter was assessed in preoperative computed tomography scan. The predissection diameters were modeled from the diameters obtained at diagnosis, assuming 30% augmentation of the diameter at acute event. RESULTS: The mean diameter of the ascending aorta at dissection was 46 ± 8 mm and the modeled diameter was 32.3 ± 5.7 mm. The diameter of the aortic root at dissection was 42 ± 8 mm and modeled diameter was 29.5 ± 5.6 mm. In multivariate analysis, female gender (p = 0.026) and history of cerebrovascular event (p = 0.001) were associated with acute aortic dissection in small aortic root. Patient age (p < 0.001) and history of inguinal hernia (p = 0.001) in ascending aorta <55 mm correlated with acute aortic dissection. CONCLUSION: Modeling indicates that more than 90% of patients had aortic root and ascending aorta diameter <45 mm. It seems that the aortic diameter expansion over the 55 mm in development of acute aortic dissection is overestimated. Parameters other than aortic size were identified, which may be considered when patients at high risk for dissection were identified.

18.
Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 68(3): 223-231, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31022735

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to compare the combined use of the Myocardial Protection System and our microplegia (Basel Microplegia Protocol) with Cardioplexol® in coronary artery bypass grafting using the minimal extracorporeal circulation. METHODS: The analysis focused on propensity score matched pairs of patients in whom microplegia or Cardioplexol® was used. Primary efficacy endpoints were high-sensitivity cardiac troponin-T on postoperative day 1 and peak values during hospitalization. Furthermore, we assessed creatine kinase and creatinine kinase-myocardial type, as well as safety endpoints. RESULTS: A total of 56 patients who received microplegia and 155 patients who received Cardioplexol® were included. The use of the microplegia was associated with significantly lower geometric mean (confidence interval) peak values of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin-T (233 ng/L [194-280 ng/L] vs. 362 ng/L [315-416 ng/L]; p = 0.001), creatinine kinase (539 U/L [458-633 U/L] vs. 719 U/L [645-801 U/L]; p = 0.011), and creatinine kinase-myocardial type (13.8 µg/L [9.6-19.9 µg/L] vs. 21.6 µg/L [18.9-24.6 µg/L]; p = 0.026), and a shorter length of stay on the intensive care unit (1.5 days [1.2-1.8 days] vs. 1.9 days [1.7-2.1 days]; p = 0.011). Major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events occurred with roughly equal frequency (1.8 vs. 5.2%; p = 0.331). CONCLUSIONS: The use of the Basel Microplegia Protocol was associated with lower peak values of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin-T, creatinine kinase, and creatinine kinase-myocardial type and with a shorter length of stay on the intensive care unit, as compared with the use of Cardioplexol® in isolated coronary artery bypass surgery using minimal extracorporeal circulation.

19.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2019: 5648051, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31885497

RESUMO

Background: Single-dose cardioplegia is preferred in minimal invasive mitral valve surgery to maintain the adjustment of the operative site without change of preset visualization. The aim of our study was to compare two widely used crystalloid cardioplegias Bretschneider (Custodiol®) versus St. Thomas 2 in patients who underwent mitral valve repair via small anterolateral right thoracotomy. Material and Methods: From May 2012 until February 2019, 184 isolated mitral valve procedures for mitral valve repair via anterolateral right thoracotomy were performed using Bretschneider (Custodiol®) cardioplegia (n = 123) or St. Thomas (n = 61). Primary efficacy endpoint was peak postoperative high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTnT) during hospitalization. Secondary endpoints were peak creatine kinase-muscle brain type (CK-MB) and creatine kinase (CK) as well as safety outcomes. We used inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) in order to adjust for confounding by indication. Results: Peak hs-cTnT was higher after use of Bretschneider (Custodiol®) (geometric mean 716 mg/L, 95% confidence interval (CI) 605-847 mg/L) vs. St. Thomas 2 (561 mg/L, CI 467-674 mg/L, p = 0.047). Peak CK-MB (geometric mean after Bretschneider (Custodiol®): 40 µg/L, CI 35-46, St. Thomas 2: 33 µg/L, CI 27-41, p = 0.295) and CK (geometric mean after Bretschneider (Custodiol®): 1370 U/L, CI 1222-1536, St. Thomas 2: 1152 U/L, CI 972-1366, p = 0.037) showed the same pattern. We did not see any difference with respect to postoperative complications between treatment groups after IPTW. Conclusion: Use of St. Thomas 2 cardioplegia was associated with lower postoperative peak levels of all cardiac markers that reflect cardiac ischemia such as hs-cTnT, CK, and CK-MB as compared to Bretschneider (Custodiol®) in propensity-weighted treatment groups.


Assuntos
Soluções Cardioplégicas/uso terapêutico , Valva Mitral/efeitos dos fármacos , Idoso , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Soluções Cardioplégicas/efeitos adversos , Intervalos de Confiança , Feminino , Glucose/efeitos adversos , Glucose/uso terapêutico , Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Masculino , Manitol/efeitos adversos , Manitol/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/metabolismo , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Isquemia Miocárdica/metabolismo , Isquemia Miocárdica/prevenção & controle , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Cloreto de Potássio/efeitos adversos , Cloreto de Potássio/uso terapêutico , Procaína/efeitos adversos , Procaína/uso terapêutico , Toracotomia/métodos
20.
Clin Chem ; 65(11): 1426-1436, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570633

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to validate the clinical performance of the high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I [VITROS® Immunodiagnostic Products hs Troponin I (hs-cTnI-VITROS)] assay. METHODS: We enrolled patients presenting to the emergency department with symptoms suggestive of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Final diagnoses were centrally adjudicated by 2 independent cardiologists considering all clinical information, including cardiac imaging: first, using serial hs-cTnT-Elecsys (primary analysis) and, second, using hs-cTnI-Architect (secondary analysis) measurements in addition to the clinically used (hs)-cTn. hs-cTnI-VITROS was measured at presentation and at 1 h in a blinded fashion. The primary objective was direct comparison of diagnostic accuracy as quantified by the area under the ROC curve (AUC) of hs-cTnI-VITROS vs hs-cTnT-Elecsys and hs-cTnI-Architect, and in a subgroup also hs-cTnI-Centaur and hs-cTnI-Access. Secondary objectives included the derivation and validation of an hs-cTnI-VITROS-0/1-h algorithm. RESULTS: AMI was the adjudicated final diagnosis in 158 of 1231 (13%) patients. At presentation, the AUC for hs-cTnI-VITROS was 0.95 (95% CI, 0.93-0.96); for hs-cTnT-Elecsys, 0.94 (95% CI, 0.92-0.95); and for hs-cTnI-Architect, 0.92 (95% CI, 0.90-0.94). AUCs for hs-cTnI-Centaur and hs-cTnI-Access were 0.95 (95% CI, 0.94-0.97). Applying the derived hs-cTnI-VITROS-0/1-h algorithm (derivation cohort n = 519) to the validation cohort (n = 520), 53% of patients were ruled out [sensitivity, 100% (95% CI, 94.1-100)] and 14% of patients were ruled in [specificity, 95.6% (95% CI, 93.4-97.2)]. Patients ruled out by the 0/1-h algorithm had a survival rate of 99.8% at 30 days. Findings were confirmed in the secondary analyses using the adjudication including serial measurements of hs-cTnI-Architect. CONCLUSIONS: The hs-cTnI-VITROS assay has at least comparable diagnostic accuracy with the currently best validated hs-cTnT and hs-cTnI assays. CLINICALTRIALSGOV IDENTIFIER: NCT00470587.

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