Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 29
Filtrar
Filtros adicionais











País/Região como assunto
Intervalo de ano
1.
EuroIntervention ; 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475907

RESUMO

Percutaneous coronary intervention with implantation of drug-eluting stents has become the most commonly performed revascularization procedure in patients with symptomatic coronary artery disease. Continuous iterations of coronary devices incorporating changes in platform materials, geometry, strut thickness, drug-release mechanisms and anti-proliferative drugs, have progressively reduced the rate of device-related adverse clinical events, and objective performance criteria have been proposed for clinical and angiographic outcomes of drug-eluting stents. The rate of device success has been recognized as an intra-procedural endpoint to evaluate the mechanical ability to complete a procedure with the specific device assigned by protocol in randomized comparative trials. The European Commission and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration both provide guidance documents including the mechanistic evaluation of coronary stents which recommend operational definitions of device success. While the majority of clinical trials investigating drug-eluting stents have adopted this endpoint definition, inconsistencies in application limit the reliability of comparisons across different trials reporting device success rates. In addition, it is not uncommon that device success rates are not reported by investigators. A consistent definition of device success is essential to allow scientific comparisons of this technical performance endpoint between devices across different trials. Therefore, we performed a systematic evaluation of definitions and reporting of device success in clinical trials. We propose an extended definition as well as considerations for approaching the determination of the device success rates in future percutaneous coronary intervention trials.

2.
EuroIntervention ; 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31498113

RESUMO

AIMS: To evaluate the impact of a novel antiplatelet regimen in patients with increasing total stent length (TSL). METHODS AND RESULTS: This is a post-hoc analysis of the Global Leaders trial, a prospective, multi-centre, open-label, randomised trial, investigating the impact of the experimental strategy (one-month dual antiplatelet regimen [DAPT] followed by 23-month ticagrelor monotherapy) versus the reference regimen (12-month DAPT followed by 12-month aspirin monotherapy) in patients with Biolimus A9-eluting stent (BES). The primary endpoint was the composite of the all-cause death and new Q-wave myocardial infarction (MI), and the secondary endpoint was Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) type 3 or 5 bleeding at two years. To investigate the association between total stent length and outcomes, groups were compared in quartiles according to TSL, and the fourth quartile group was at significantly higher ischemic risk at two years. In that stratum (TSL≥ 46mm), the experimental strategy significantly reduced the risk of the primary endpoint (hazard ratio [HR]:0.67; 95% confidence interval [CI]:0.49-0.90; Pinteraction=0.043), while demonstrating a similar risk of BARC type 3 or 5 bleeding (HR:0.99; 95% CI:0.66-1.49; Pinteraction =0.975). CONCLUSIONS: Ticagrelor monotherapy potentially could balance ischemic and bleeding risks, thereby achieving a net clinical benefit in patients with TSL≥ 46 mm with BES.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31402574

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bifurcation PCI is associated with a lower rate of procedural success, especially in multivessel disease patients. We aimed to determine the impact of bifurcation treatment on 2-years clinical outcomes when a state-of-the-art PCI strategy (heart team decision-making using the SYNTAX score II, physiology guided coronary stenosis assessment, thin strut bioresorbable polymer drug-eluting stent, and intravascular ultrasound guidance) is followed. METHODS: Three-vessel disease patients enrolled in the SYNTAX II trial (n = 454) were categorized in patients with (a) ≥1 treated bifurcation (n = 126), and (b) without bifurcation (n = 281). The primary endpoint was the occurrence of major adverse cardio and cerebrovascular events (MACCE-a composite of all-cause death, stroke, any myocardial infarction, or any revascularization) at 2 years. Secondary endpoints were the occurrence of target lesion failure (TLF) defined as cardiac death, target-vessel myocardial infarction and ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization, and the individual components of the composite primary endpoint, as well as stent thrombosis. RESULTS: A total of 145 bifurcation were treated in 126 patients. At 2 years, MACCE occurred in 75/407 patients (20.7% for bifurcation versus 17.5% for nonbifurcation, hazard ratio [HR] of 1.28, CI95% 0.78-2.08, p = .32). TLF presented a trend toward higher occurrence in bifurcation (16.8% vs. 10.8%, HR 1.75, CI95% 0.99-3.09, p = .053). Definite stent thrombosis did not differ at 2-year between groups (0.8% for the bifurcation vs. 0.7% for the nonbifurcation, p = .92). CONCLUSION: Bifurcation treatment in patients with three-vessel disease undergoing state-of-the-art PCI had similar event rate of MACCE but was associated with a trend toward higher incidence of TLF compared with nonbifurcation lesions.

4.
Eur Heart J ; 40(31): 2595-2604, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31397487

RESUMO

AIMS : To evaluate the impact of an experimental strategy [23-month ticagrelor monotherapy following 1-month dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT)] vs. a reference regimen (12-month aspirin monotherapy following 12-month DAPT) after complex percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS AND RESULTS: In the present post hoc analysis of the Global Leaders trial, the primary endpoint [composite of all-cause death or new Q-wave myocardial infarction (MI)] at 2 years was assessed in patients with complex PCI, which includes at least one of the following characteristics: multivessel PCI, ≥3 stents implanted, ≥3 lesions treated, bifurcation PCI with ≥2 stents, or total stent length >60 mm. In addition, patient-oriented composite endpoint (POCE) (composite of all-cause death, any stroke, any MI, or any revascularization) and net adverse clinical events (NACE) [composite of POCE or Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) Type 3 or 5 bleeding] were explored. Among 15 450 patients included in this analysis, 4570 who underwent complex PCI had a higher risk of ischaemic and bleeding events. In patients with complex PCI, the experimental strategy significantly reduced risks of the primary endpoint [hazard ratio (HR): 0.64, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.48-0.85] and POCE (HR: 0.80, 95% CI: 0.69-0.93), but not in those with non-complex PCI (Pinteraction = 0.015 and 0.017, respectively). The risk of BARC Type 3 or 5 bleeding was comparable (HR: 0.97, 95% CI: 0.67-1.40), resulting in a significant risk reduction in NACE (HR: 0.80, 95% CI: 0.69-0.92; Pinteraction = 0.011). CONCLUSION : Ticagrelor monotherapy following 1-month DAPT could provide a net clinical benefit for patients with complex PCI. However, in view of the overall neutral results of the trial, these findings of a post hoc analysis should be considered as hypothesis generating.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31410968

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of ticagrelor monotherapy following 1-month dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for bifurcation lesions. METHODS: GLOBAL LEADERS was a randomized, superiority, all-comers trial comparing 1-month DAPT with ticagrelor and aspirin followed by 23-month ticagrelor monotherapy (experimental treatment) with standard 12-month DAPT followed by 12-month aspirin monotherapy (reference treatment) in patients treated with a biolimus A9-eluting stent. The primary endpoint was a composite of all-cause death or new Q-wave myocardial infarction (MI) at 2 years. RESULTS: Among the 15,845 patients included in this subgroup analysis, 2,498 patients (15.8%) underwent PCI for at least one bifurcation lesion. The incidence of the primary endpoint was similar between the bifurcation and nonbifurcation groups (4.7 vs. 4.0%, p = .083). The experimental treatment had no significant effect on the primary endpoint according to the presence/absence of a bifurcation lesion (bifurcation: hazard ratio [HR]: 0.74, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.51-1.07; nonbifurcation: HR: 0.90, 95% CI: 0.76-1.07, p for interaction = .343), but was associated with significant reduction in definite or probable stent thrombosis (p for interaction = .022) and significant excess of stroke (p for interaction = .018) when compared with the reference treatment. CONCLUSIONS: After PCI for bifurcation lesions using 1-month of DAPT followed by ticagrelor monotherapy for 23 months did not demonstrate explicit benefit regarding all-cause death or new Q-wave MI as in the overall trial.

7.
EuroIntervention ; 2019 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31289018

RESUMO

The aim of this trial is to determine the superiority of on-line three-dimensional optical frequency domain imaging (3D-OFDI) guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to angiography-guided PCI in bifurcation lesions. The OPTIMUM trial is a randomized, active control, superiority, and multi-center clinical trial. The primary endpoint is the post-procedural percentage of malapposed struts assessed by OFDI in the main branch bifurcation region after final kissing-balloon-dilatation. A total 106 patients will be randomly allocated to either 3D-OFDI or angiography guidance PCI. OPTIMUM trial will be the first prospective, randomised trial and evaluate the efficacy and safety of the on-line 3D-OFDI guided PCI.

8.
EuroIntervention ; 15(6): e539-e546, 2019 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31217143

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was the external validation of the updated logistic clinical SYNTAX score for two-year all-cause mortality after PCI in the GLOBAL LEADERS trial. METHODS AND RESULTS: The GLOBAL LEADERS trial was an investigator-initiated, prospective randomised, multicentre, open-label trial comparing two strategies of antiplatelet therapy in 15,991 patients undergoing PCI. As a predefined analysis, we studied the first 4,006 consecutive patients enrolled between July 2013 and April 2014 for whom the anatomic SYNTAX scores were calculated by an independent core lab. The updated logistic clinical SYNTAX score was available in 3,271 patients. Patients were divided into quintiles according to the score. The C-statistic of the updated logistic clinical SYNTAX score for two-year all-cause mortality was 0.71 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.64-0.77). The updated logistic clinical SYNTAX score identified patients at very high risk for two-year all-cause mortality after PCI. Although it systematically overestimated two-year all-cause mortality, predicted and observed two-year all-cause mortality in the majority of the patients (four out of five quintiles) were in agreement. CONCLUSIONS: Overall discrimination for two-year all-cause mortality of the updated logistic clinical SYNTAX score is either borderline acceptable or possibly helpful. Calibration in the majority of patients is appropriate. The score is potentially useful in selecting enriched high-risk populations.


Assuntos
Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 73(15): 1877-1886, 2019 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30999989

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although results of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have been steadily improving, whether surgical outcomes have improved over time is not fully elucidated. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare the current outcomes of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with prior surgical results, in the context of randomized trials including the left main (LM) coronary artery stem. METHODS: The authors performed a propensity-matched analysis of patients randomized to CABG in the SYNTAX (Synergy Between PCI With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery) (enrollment period 2005 to 2007) and EXCEL (Evaluation of XIENCE Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery for Effectiveness of Left Main Revascularization) (enrollment period 2010 to 2014) trials. All patients had left main (LM) disease with or without multivessel disease. Adjustment was based on 15 clinical and angiographic variables, including anatomic SYNTAX score, with a 2:1 ratio for the EXCEL and SYNTAX trials, collectively analyzing 909 subjects (n = 580 and n = 329, respectively). The primary endpoint was the composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, or ischemia-driven revascularization at 3 years. RESULTS: Baseline characteristics, anatomic SYNTAX score, number and types of grafts, and duration of hospitalization for the procedures were similar in both groups. CABG procedures in the EXCEL compared with the SYNTAX trial were more often off-pump (29.6% vs. 15.4%; p < 0.001), and guideline-directed medical therapies were used more frequently in the EXCEL surgical cohort. The primary endpoint occurred in 14.0% and 20.9% (p = 0.008) of patients in the EXCEL and SYNTAX trials, respectively. With the exception of MI (4.1% vs. 3.7%), all nonhierarchical events tended to contribute to the improved outcomes in the more recent trial: all-cause death (5.5% vs. 8.5%), stroke (3.1% vs. 5.1%), and ischemia-driven revascularization (7.1% vs. 9.4%) in the EXCEL and SYNTAX trials, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Over a 5- to 7-year period, significant improvement in event-free survival after surgical revascularization for LM disease at 3 years was noted between the SYNTAX and EXCEL trials, consistent with improving results with cardiac surgery over time. (Synergy Between PCI With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery [SYNTAX]; NCT00114972; Evaluation of XIENCE Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery for Effectiveness of Left Main Revascularization [EXCEL]; NCT01205776).

12.
Int J Cardiol ; 286: 43-50, 2019 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30846254

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: ACEF score has been shown to have predictive ability in the patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The ACEF II score has recently been developed to predict short-term mortality after cardiac surgery. We compared the predictive ability of the ACEF and ACEF II scores to predict mortality after PCI in the all-comers population. METHODS: The ACEF and ACEF II scores were calculated in 15,968 patients enrolled in the GLOBAL LEADERS study. Discrimination and calibration were assessed for outcomes after PCI. Recalibration of the regression model by updating the intercept and slope were performed to adjust the original ACEF model to the PCI setting. In a stratified approach, patients were divided into quintiles according to the score. Outcomes were compared between quintiles. RESULTS: The ACEF and ACEF II score were available in 14,941 and 14,355 patients respectively. Discrimination for 30-day all-cause mortality was acceptable for both scores (C-statistic ACEF 0.75 and ACEF II 0.77). For 2-year all-cause mortality, the discrimination of ACEF score was acceptable (C-statistic 0.72) while the discrimination of ACEF II score was moderate (C-statistic 0.69). Both scores identified patients at high risk of mortality but overestimated all-cause mortality at 30 days in all quintiles. After recalibration, agreement between predicted and observed 30-day all-cause mortality in both scores are close to the identity line. CONCLUSIONS: The ACEF II model did not improve the predictive ability of the ACEF score. Recalibrated ACEF model can be used to estimated all-cause mortality rate at 30 days after PCI.

14.
Lancet ; 393(10175): 987-997, 2019 03 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30827782

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Supraflex is a sirolimus-eluting stent with a biodegradable polymer coating and ultra-thin struts. We aimed to compare Supraflex with the standard of care, Xience, an everolimus-eluting stent with a durable polymer coating, regarding clinical outcomes with a randomised trial in an all-comer population. METHODS: We did a prospective, randomised, single-blind, multicentre study (TALENT) across 23 centres in Europe (the Netherlands, Poland, the UK, Spain, Bulgaria, Hungary, and Italy). Eligible participants were aged 18 years or older, had one or more coronary artery stenosis of 50% or greater in a native coronary artery, saphenous venous graft, or arterial bypass conduit, and had a reference vessel diameter of 2·25-4·50 mm. Patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention in an all-comer manner. We randomly assigned patients (1:1) to implantation of either a sirolimus-eluting stent with a biodegradable polymer coating and ultra-thin struts (Supraflex) or an everolimus-eluting stent with a durable polymer coating (Xience). Randomisation was done by local investigators by use of a web-based software with random blocks according to centre. The primary endpoint was a non-inferiority comparison of a device-oriented composite endpoint-cardiac death, target-vessel myocardial infarction, or clinically indicated target lesion revascularisation-between groups at 12 months after the procedure, assessed in an intention-to-treat population. On assumption of 1-year composite endpoint prevalence of 8·3%, a margin of 4·0% was defined for non-inferiority of the Supraflex group compared with the Xience group. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02870140. FINDINGS: Between Oct 21, 2016, and July 3, 2017, 1435 patients with 1046 lesions were randomly assigned to Supraflex, of whom 720 received the index procedure, and 715 patients with 1030 lesions were assigned to Xience, all receiving the index procedure. At 12 months, the primary endpoint had occurred in 35 patients (4·9 %) in the Supraflex group and in 37 patients (5·3%) in the Xience group (absolute difference -0·3% [one-sided 95% upper confidence bound 1·6%], pnon-inferiority<0·0001). Definite or probable stent thrombosis prevalence, a safety indicator, was low in both groups and did not differ between them. INTERPRETATION: The Supraflex stent was non-inferior to the Xience stent for a device-oriented composite clinical endpoint at 12 months in an all-comer population. Supraflex seems a safe and effective alternative drug-eluting stent to other stents in clinical practice. FUNDING: European Cardiovascular Research Institute.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/terapia , Stents Farmacológicos , Everolimo/administração & dosagem , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Sirolimo/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Determinação de Ponto Final , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Método Simples-Cego , Trombose/etiologia
15.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 35(7): 1189-1198, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30911857

RESUMO

Due to expansion limits of the Absorb bioresorbable scaffold a meticulous implantation with correct sizing is required. We sought to investigate the clinical outcomes based on the sizing of the device related to the maximal lumen diameter measured by quantitative coronary angiography in Absorb BVS and Xience EES treated lesions in the AIDA trial. Sizing of Absorb bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) and Xience everolimus eluting stent (EES) was graded according to the definitions of device non-oversize and device oversize on pre-procedural angiography. Lesion-oriented outcomes (LOCE) (device thrombosis, TLR and TVMI) that occurred during 2 years follow-up were related to device non-oversized or oversized status. In the Absorb BVS group, LOCE occurred in 48 (7.4%) lesions in the oversized group and in 32 (8.2%) lesions in the non-oversized group (HR 0.91; 95% CI 0.58-1.42; p = 0.681), whereas TLR occurred in 34 (5.3%) lesions and in 23 lesions (5.9%), respectively (HR 0.89; 95% CI 0.52-1.51; p = 0.666). Definite scaffold thrombosis occurred in 11 (1.7%) device oversized treated lesions against 16 (4.1%) device non-oversized treated lesions (HR 0.41; 95% CI 0.19-0.89; p = 0.020). There were no differences in event rates between oversized and non-oversized groups in lesions treated with Xience EES. There was no significant difference in LOCE between oversized and non-oversized treated Absorb BVS and Xience EES treated lesions. Non-oversized Absorb BVS implantation was associated with a higher risk of scaffold thrombosis at complete 2 years follow-up. The majority of very late scaffold thrombosis occurred in properly sized devices.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Stents Farmacológicos , Everolimo/administração & dosagem , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Trombose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose Coronária/etiologia , Humanos , Países Baixos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Desenho de Prótese , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30887024

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Invasive coronary angiography has been the preferred diagnostic method to guide the decision-making process between coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention and plan a surgical revascularization procedure. Guidelines recommend a heart team approach and assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD) complexity, objectively quantified by the anatomical SYNTAX score. Coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) and CT-derived fractional flow reserve (FFRCT) are emerging technologies in the diagnosis of stable CAD. In this study, data from patients with left main or 3-vessel CAD who underwent CABG were evaluated to assess the feasibility of developing a surgical plan based on CCTA integrated with FFRCT. The primary objective was to assess the theoretical feasibility of surgical decision-making and treatment planning based only on non-invasive imaging. METHODS: This study represents a survey of surgeons involved in the SYNTAX III Revolution trial. In this trial, heart teams were randomized to make treatment decisions using CTA. CCTAs and FFRCT results of 20 patients were presented to 5 cardiac surgeons. RESULTS: Surgical treatment decision-making based on CCTA with FFRCT was considered feasible by a panel of surgeons in 84% of the cases with an excellent agreement on the number of anastomoses to be made in each patient (intraclass correlation coefficient 0.77, 95% confidence interval 0.35-0.96). CONCLUSIONS: Using non-invasive imaging only in patients with left main or 3-vessel CAD, an excellent agreement on treatment planning and the number of anastomoses was found among cardiac surgeons. Thus, CABG planning based on non-invasive imaging appears feasible. Further investigation is warranted to determine the safety and feasibility in clinical practice.

17.
EuroIntervention ; 2019 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30888959

RESUMO

AIMS: To evaluate the impact of 23-month ticagrelor monotherapy following one-month dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) on the rates of patient-oriented composite endpoints (POCE) and net adverse clinical events (NACE). METHODS AND RESULTS: The rates of site-reported Academic Research Consortium (ARC)-2 defined POCE (all-cause death, any stroke, any myocardial infarction or any revascularization) and NACE (POCE or bleeding type 3 or 5 according to the Bleeding ARC [BARC]) were reported up to two-years by intention-to-treat principle in the randomized, multi-centre, open-label GLOBAL LEADERS study comparing two antiplatelet strategies in 15,991 patients undergoing PCI. The experimental strategy consisted of aspirin with ticagrelor for one month followed by ticagrelor monotherapy for 23 months, whereas the reference treatment consisted of 12-month DAPT followed by 12-month aspirin monotherapy. At two years, POCE occurred in 1050 (13.2%) patients in the experimental group and in 1131 (14.2%) in the reference group (HR 0.93, 95%CI 0.85-1.01, p=0.085). NACE occurred in 1145 (14.4%) patients in the experimental group and in 1237 (15.5%) patients in the reference group (HR 0.92, 95%CI 0.85-1.00, p=0.057). In prespecified subgroup analyses, no significant treatment-by-subgroup interactions were found for either POCE or NACE at two years. CONCLUSIONS: The experimental treatment strategy of one-month DAPT followed by 23 months of ticagrelor alone did not result in a significant reduction in the rates of site-reported POCE or NACE, when compared to the reference treatment.

18.
Circ J ; 83(3): 556-566, 2019 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30700665

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little is known about serial changes in lumen and device dimensions after bioresorbable scaffold implantation in a growing animal model. Methods and Results: ABSORB (n=14) or bare metal stents (ICROS amg [Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, CA, USA], Winsen-Luhe, Germany; n=15) were implanted in the coronary arteries of domestic swine (a hybrid of Finnish-Norwegian Landrace swine) weighing 30-35 kg. Angiography and optical coherence tomography (OCT) were performed immediately after implantation and repeated at 7 days, 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after the index procedure. One month after implantation, mean lumen area decreased relative to baseline in both groups (relative area change from baseline, -41.4±15.6% for ABSORB vs. -20.9±18.6% for ICROS) while mean device area decreased only in the ABSORB group (relative area change: -11.1±9.4% vs. +0.14±7.95%, respectively). At 12 months, mean lumen area increased relative to baseline in both groups (relative area change from baseline, +55.6±22.4% vs. +32.3±83.6%, respectively) in accordance with the swine growth weighing up to 260-300 kg. Mean device area in the ICROS group remained stable whereas that in the ABSORB group began to increase between 3 and 6 months along with the vessel growth (relative area change: +107.8±25.7% vs. +0.14±7.95%). CONCLUSIONS: In the growing porcine model, ABSORB was associated with greater extent of recoil 1 month after implantation compared with ICROS but demonstrated substantial adaptability to vessel growth in late phase.

19.
EuroIntervention ; 2019 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30719981

RESUMO

AIMS: To assess whether the 9 months cytostatic inhibition by crystalline sirolimus has a beneficial effect in the 2-year follow-up in all-comer population undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. METHODS AND RESULTS: The DESSOLVE III (n=1398) is a prospective, all-comer, multi-centre, randomized controlled study (NCT02385279) allocating 703 patients to receive MiStent drug-eluting stent with a fully absorbable polymer coating containing and embedding a microcrystalline form of sirolimus into the vessel wall and 695 patients to receive Xience durable polymer everolimus-eluting stent. At 2-year, device-oriented composite endpoint (cardiac death, target-vessel myocardial infarction [TV-MI], and clinically-indicated target lesion revascularization [TLR]) occurred 8.7% and 8.6% (p=0.958) and patient-oriented composite endpoint (all deaths, all MI, and all revascularizations) was observed 18.5% and 19.6% (p=0.598) in the MiStent arm and Xience arm, respectively. The frequency of TV-MI and clinically-indicated TLR was also comparable for both stent types. The rate of definite/probable stent thrombosis was not different in both arms (0.9% vs. 1.3%, p=0.435). CONCLUSIONS: In an all-comer population, at 2-year follow-up, the use of MiStent sirolimus-eluting bioabsorbable polymer-coated stent was at least as safe and efficacious as Xience durable-polymer stent. Through a total of 5 years of follow-up, MiStent's potential long-term clinical benefit will be further elucidated.

20.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 93(4): E225-E234, 2019 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30702187

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of minimal stent area (MSA) evaluated by post-procedural intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) on clinical outcomes after contemporary PCI in patients with three-vessel disease (TVD). BACKGROUND: The impact of post-procedural MSA on clinical outcomes has not yet been extensively studied in patients with TVD. METHODS: The SYNTAX II study is a multicenter, all-comers, open-label, single arm study that investigated the impact of a state-of-the-art PCI strategy on clinical outcomes in patients with TVD (454 patients with 1,559 lesions). The relationships between post-procedural MSA and lesion-level outcomes at 2 years were investigated. Clinical events adjudicated per patient by clinical event committee were assessed per lesion. Lesion-oriented composite endpoint (LOCE) was defined as the composite of cardiac death, target-vessel myocardial infarction, and ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization. RESULTS: Eight hundred and nineteen lesions with post-procedural MSA available in 367 patients were included in the analysis. The post-procedural MSA per lesion was divided into terciles (smallest tercile: ≤5.0 mm2 , intermediate tercile: 5.0-6.7 mm2 , and largest tercile: >6.7 mm2 ). LOCE was observed in 16/288 (5.6%), 15/265 (5.7%), and 8/266 (3.0%) (P = 0.266). Target lesion revascularization (TLR) was observed in 16/288(5.6%), 12/265 (4.5%), and 4/266 (1.5%) (P = 0.042). The multivariate analysis demonstrated that smaller post-procedural MSA, as well as creatinine clearance, history of previous stroke, chronic total occlusion, and lesion SYNTAX Score was an independent predictor of TLR. CONCLUSIONS: In the SYNTAX II trial, larger post-procedural MSA was independently associated with the lower rate of TLR at 2 years.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA