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1.
J Clin Med ; 8(7)2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31295896

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA) is considered to be one of the most disabling diseases. The intra-articular opioid injection has been widely studied for its simplicity, safety, and efficacy in OA. In this study, however, we suggest a novel method of buprenorphine transdermal patch (BTDP) to painful knee joints of OA patients, instead of intra-articular opioid injection, and subsequently compared the knee application with conventional chest application. We retrospectively enrolled 213 patients with knee OA who did not respond to conventional therapy. The Numeric Rating Scale (NRS), adverse effects, and compliance were recorded before and after the application of the BTDP. All parameters were compared between the knee applied group and the chest applied group. After the BTDP application, the NRS score in the knee applied group was lower than that of the chest applied group (p = 0.007). NRS scores after buprenorphine patch decreased to 2.21 ± 0.77, and 2.55 ± 0.71 in the chest applied group and the knee applied group, respectively. The adverse effects were 19.32% in the knee applied group, and 64.00% in the chest applied group. The compliances were 82.95% and 37.60% in the knee applied group and chest applied group, respectively. This novel application of BTDP directly to the painful knee joint of knee OA patients led to a decrease in the NRS score, adverse effects, and an increase in compliance compared with the chest application method.

2.
J Clin Anesth ; 57: 97-102, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30939422

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of reversal of neuromuscular blockade with sugammadex or neostigmine on postoperative quality of recovery following a single bolus dose of rocuronium after pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) under general anesthesia. DESIGN: Prospective, double-blind, randomized controlled trial. SETTING: This study was conducted in a University Teaching Hospital from February to July 2017. PATIENTS: A total of 84 patients with an American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status of I or II who were scheduled to undergo PPV under general anesthesia. INTERVENTIONS: The patients were randomly assigned to the neostigmine (Group N, n = 44) or sugammadex (Group S, n = 40) groups; 3 ml of study drug was prepared for the patients. For patients in Group N, a solution of neostigmine methylsulfate (1 mg) and glycopyrrolate (0.2 mg) was prepared, while a solution of sugammadex sodium (2 mg/kg) and normal saline was prepared for patients in Group S. MEASUREMENTS: The primary endpoint was the effect of sugammadex, compared with neostigmine, on the recovery rate in the physiological domain in patients who underwent PPV with general anesthesia. The quality of recovery was assessed using the Postoperative Quality Recovery Scale at 15 min and 40 min after surgery, and on postoperative day 1. MAIN RESULTS: The recovery rate in the physiological domain was higher in Group S at 15 min after surgery (P = 0.020). Though there were no significant differences in the overall cognitive recovery domain, patients in Group S could recall more numbers in reverse order. However, there were no significant differences between the groups in the other domains of the scale. CONCLUSIONS: The use of sugammadex may increase the quality of physiological recovery at early postoperative periods, compared with that of neostigmine, following a single bolus dose of rocuronium in patients undergoing PPV with general anesthesia. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03108989). Registration number: NCT03108989.

3.
J Int Med Res ; 46(11): 4586-4595, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30027782

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Pneumoperitoneum and the head-up position reportedly stimulate the sympathetic nervous system, potentially increasing the risk of cardiac arrhythmia. We evaluated the effects of a long duration of pneumoperitoneum in the head-up position on the heart rate-corrected QT (QTc) interval during robotic gastrectomy. METHODS: This prospective observational study involved 28 patients undergoing robotic gastrectomy. The QTc interval was recorded at the following time points: before anaesthetic induction (baseline); 10 minutes after tracheal intubation; 1, 5, 30, 60, and 90 minutes after pneumoperitoneum induction in the head-up position; after pneumoperitoneum desufflation in the supine position; and at the end of surgery. The primary outcome was the QTc interval, which was measured 90 minutes after pneumoperitoneum combined with the head-up position. RESULTS: Compared with baseline, the QTc interval was significantly prolonged at 1 and 60 minutes after pneumoperitoneum, peaked at 90 minutes, and was sustained and notably prolonged until the end of surgery. However, no considerable haemodynamic changes developed. CONCLUSION: A long period of carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum application in a head-up position significantly prolonged the QTc interval during robotic gastrectomy. Therefore, diligent care and close monitoring are required for patients who are susceptible to developing ventricular arrhythmia. Trial Registration: Registered at ClinicalTrials.gov; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02604979 ; Registration number NCT02604979.


Assuntos
Eletrocardiografia , Gastrectomia , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Pneumoperitônio/fisiopatologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Teste da Mesa Inclinada , Feminino , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Respiração Artificial
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 96(49): e9164, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29245361

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Propofol is a rapid, efficient hypnotic agent with antiemetic effects. However, a high dosage is related to hemodynamic abnormalities such as hypotension and bradycardia. Pretreatment with remifentanil can decrease injection pain and stabilize hemodynamics during the induction period. Remifentanil or midazolam in combination with propofol can provide synergistic or additive effects during anesthesia induction. However, the hypnotic doses of propofol required in patients who receive pretreatment with remifentanil or midazolam remain unclear. METHODS: Patients aged 20 to 50 years who were scheduled to undergo surgery under general anesthesia were enrolled in this study. The patients were randomized into 3 groups using a computer-generated randomization table. Patients in Group P (Propofol) received only propofol for loss of consciousness, those in Group PR (Propofol-Remifentanil) received remifentanil prior to propofol, and those in Group PMR (Propofol-Midazolam-Remifentanil) received remifentanil and midazolam prior to propofol. After propofol administration, loss of both the eyelash reflex and verbal response represented success. The 95% effective dose of propofol for loss of consciousness in each group, which was the primary outcome, was determined using a modified biased coin up-and-down method. RESULTS: A total of 124 patients were initially enrolled. Of these, 4 were excluded, and the remaining 120 patients were randomized to each (n = 40) of the 3 groups. The 95% effective dose of propofol for loss of consciousness was 1.74 , 1.38, and 0.92 mg/kg in Groups P, PR, and PMR, respectively. Blood pressure decreased at 2 minutes after propofol administration in all the groups. However, compared with Group P, Groups PR and PMR exhibited a significant decrease in blood pressure. CONCLUSIONS: The effective dose of propofol for loss of consciousness could be decreased by 21% and 47% when remifentanil pretreatment was used without and with midazolam, respectively. However, the decrease in blood pressure was greater with pretreatment than sole propofol use. These findings suggest that the combination of remifentanil with or without midazolam may have no benefit on hemodynamic stability during induction using propofol. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT02536690 (clinicaltrials.gov).


Assuntos
Anestésicos Intravenosos/administração & dosagem , Hipnóticos e Sedativos/farmacologia , Midazolam/farmacologia , Piperidinas/farmacologia , Propofol/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Hemodinâmica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Hipnóticos e Sedativos/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Midazolam/administração & dosagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Piperidinas/administração & dosagem , Remifentanil , Inconsciência , Adulto Jovem
5.
Korean J Pain ; 30(4): 296-303, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29123625

RESUMO

Background: To achieve a prolonged therapeutic effect in patients with lumbar facet joint syndrome, radiofrequency medial branch neurotomy (RF-MB) is commonly performed. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of paravertebral muscle twitching when performing RF-MB in patients with lumbar facet joint syndrome. Methods: We collected and analyzed data from 68 patients with confirmed facet joint syndrome. Sensory stimulation was performed at 50 Hz with a 0.5 V cut-off value. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to the twitching of the paravertebral muscle during 2 Hz motor stimulation: 'Complete', when twitching was observed at all needles; 'Partial', when twitching was present at 1 or 2 needles; and 'None', when no twitching was observed. The relationship between the long-term effects of RF-MB and paravertebral muscle twitching was analyzed. Results: The mean effect duration of RF-MB was 4.6, 5.8, and 7.0 months in the None, Partial, and Complete groups, respectively (P = 0.47). Although the mean effect duration of RF-MB did not increase significantly in proportion to the paravertebral muscle twitching, the Complete group had prolonged effect duration (> 6 months) than the None group in subgroup analysis. (P = 0.03). Conclusions: Paravertebral muscle twitching while performing lumbar RF-MB may be a reliable predictor of long-term efficacy when sensory provocation under 0.5 V is achieved. However, further investigation may be necessary for clarifying its clinical significance.

6.
Int J Med Sci ; 14(7): 662-667, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28824298

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Spurling test, although a highly specific provocative test of the cervical spine in cervical radiculopathy (CR), has low to moderate sensitivity. Thus, we introduced the neck tornado test (NTT) to examine the neck and the cervical spine in CR. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to introduce a new provocative test, the NTT, and compare the diagnostic accuracy with a widely accepted provocative test, the Spurling test. DESIGN: Retrospective study. METHODS: Medical records of 135 subjects with neck pain (CR, n = 67; without CR, n = 68) who had undergone cervical spine magnetic resonance imaging and been referred to the pain clinic between September 2014 and August 2015 were reviewed. Both the Spurling test and NTT were performed in all patients by expert examiners. Sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were compared for both the Spurling test and the NTT. RESULTS: The sensitivity of the Spurling test and the NTT was 55.22% and 85.07% (P < 0.0001); specificity, 98.53% and 86.76% (P = 0.0026); accuracy, 77.04% and 85.93% (P = 0.0423), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The NTT is more sensitive with superior diagnostic accuracy for CR diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging than the Spurling test.


Assuntos
Medula Cervical/fisiopatologia , Cervicalgia/diagnóstico , Pescoço/fisiopatologia , Radiculopatia/diagnóstico , Medula Cervical/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cervicalgia/fisiopatologia , Radiculopatia/fisiopatologia
7.
J Pain Res ; 10: 897-904, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28442931

RESUMO

In this retrospective study, data of 2,435 patients who received fentanyl and ropivacaine-based patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) for pain relief after elective surgery under general or spinal anesthesia were reviewed. Differences in postoperative pain, incidence of patient-controlled analgesia (PCA)-related adverse effects, and risk factors for the need for rescue analgesics for 48 hours postsurgery in young (age 20-39 years) and elderly (age ≥70 years) patients were evaluated. Although there were no significant differences in postoperative pain intensity between the two groups until 6 hours postsurgery, younger patients experienced greater postoperative pain intensity compared with older patients 6-48 hours postsurgery. While younger patients exhibited greater incidence of numbness, motor weakness, and discontinuation of PCA postsurgery, elderly patients exhibited greater incidence of hypotension, nausea/vomiting, rescue analgesia, and antiemetic administration. Upon multivariate analysis, low fentanyl dosage and history of smoking were found to be associated with an increased need for rescue analgesia among younger patients, while physical status classification III/IV and thoracic surgery were associated with a decreased need for rescue analgesia among the elderly. Discontinuation of PCA was more frequent among younger patients than the elderly (18.5% vs 13.5%, P=0.001). Reasons for discontinuation of PCA among young and elderly patients, respectively, were nausea and vomiting (6.8% vs 26.6%), numbness or motor weakness (67.8% vs 11.5%), urinary retention (7.4% vs 8.7%), dizziness (2.2% vs 5.2%), and hypotension (3.1% vs 20.3%). In conclusion, PCEA was more frequently associated with numbness, motor weakness, and discontinuation of PCA in younger patients and with hypotension, nausea/vomiting, and a greater need for rescue analgesics/antiemetics among elderly patients. Therefore, in order to minimize the adverse effects of PCEA and enhance pain relief, different PCEA regimens and administration/prevention strategies should be considered for young and elderly patients.

8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 96(9): e6235, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28248887

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the optimal exhaled sevoflurane concentration that produces adequate endotracheal intubation conditions when sevoflurane is combined with the different bolus doses of remifentanil used in clinical practice. METHODS: The patients were randomized to 3 groups (groups 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0), receiving remifentanil bolus doses of 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0 µg/kg, respectively. For each group, the concentration of sevoflurane used for each consecutive patient was increased or decreased using the "up-and-down" method based on the success or failure to achieve adequate conditions for intubation in the previous patient. The remifentanil bolus dose was administered 90 s before intubation and after the target sevoflurane concentration was achieved. RESULTS: In groups 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0, the effective concentration in 50% (EC50) of the sevoflurane concentration required to perform successful intubation was 3.0, 2.0, and 1.29 vol% and the effective concentration in 95% was 3.45, 2.91, and 1.89 vol%, respectively. When sevoflurane was administered for the induction, the increase in heart rate (HR) of group 1.0 was the highest among the groups. The highest number of adverse events occurred in group 2.0, including vocal cord rigidity, hypotension, and bradycardia. DISCUSSION: The EC50 of the sevoflurane concentration was 3.0, 2.0, and 1.29 vol% when it was combined with a bolus dose of remifentanil of 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0 µg/kg, respectively. Of the 3 different bolus doses of remifentanil, the dose of 1.5 µg/kg was least associated with changes in the HR/mean blood pressure during intubation without increasing adverse effects.


Assuntos
Anestésicos Inalatórios/administração & dosagem , Anestésicos Intravenosos/administração & dosagem , Intubação Intratraqueal , Éteres Metílicos/administração & dosagem , Piperidinas/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Masculino , Remifentanil , Sevoflurano , Adulto Jovem
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 95(19): e3645, 2016 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27175685

RESUMO

Intraperitoneal insufflation of carbon dioxide may affect the sympathetic activity that leads to changes in ventricular repolarization. This in turn can result in changes of heart rate-corrected QT (QTc) interval and Tpeak-Tend (Tp-e) interval. Dexmedetomidine is a highly selective α2-receptor agonist and has potential antiarrhythmic properties. This prospective, randomized, double-blinded, controlled study evaluated the effects of dexmedetomidine administration on QTc and Tp-e intervals during robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy with steep Trendelenburg position.Fifty patients scheduled for robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy randomly received either a continuous infusion of dexmedetomidine at a rate of 0.3 µg/kg/hour, from anesthetic induction until the end of the Trendelenburg position (dexmedetomidine group; n = 25), or the same volume of normal saline (control group; n = 25). Anesthesia was maintained with sevoflurane and remifentanil. The primary and secondary goals were to evaluate the effect of dexmedetomidine on the QTc and Tp-e interval changes. Mean arterial pressure, heart rate, end-tidal CO2, and end-tidal sevoflurane concentrations were assessed as well.Forty-seven patients (94%) completed the study. Dexmedetomidine significantly attenuated QTc interval prolongation and reduced the Tp-e interval, even though the baseline values of the QTc and Tp-e intervals were similar between the 2 groups (PGroup × Time = 0.001 and 0.014, respectively). Twenty-two patients (96%) in the control group and 13 (54%) in the dexmedetomidine group had QTc interval prolongation of >20 ms from the baseline value during surgery (P = 0.001). The maximum QTc interval prolongation from the baseline value during surgery was 46 ±â€Š21 ms in the control group and 24 ±â€Š21 ms in the dexmedetomidine group (mean ±â€ŠSD, P = 0.001). Mean arterial pressure and heart rate were comparable between the groups.Continuous infusion of dexmedetomidine at a rate of 0.3 µg/kg/hour significantly attenuated the QTc interval prolongation induced by CO2 pneumoperitoneum with steep Trendelenburg position. Furthermore, dexmedetomidine reduced the Tp-e interval. Thus, dexmedetomidine administration may be effective for patients who are susceptible to the development of ventricular arrhythmia during robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy.


Assuntos
Dexmedetomidina/farmacologia , Sistema de Condução Cardíaco/efeitos dos fármacos , Frequência Cardíaca/efeitos dos fármacos , Hipnóticos e Sedativos/farmacologia , Prostatectomia/métodos , Idoso , Método Duplo-Cego , Decúbito Inclinado com Rebaixamento da Cabeça , Humanos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos
10.
Korean J Pain ; 29(2): 103-9, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27103965

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The location and the number of lumbar sympathetic ganglia (LSG) vary between individuals. The aim of this study was to determine the appropriate level for a lumbar sympathetic ganglion block (LSGB), corresponding to the level at which the LSG principally aggregate. METHODS: Seventy-four consecutive subjects, including 31 women and 31 men, underwent LSGB either on the left (n = 31) or the right side (n = 43). The primary site of needle entry was randomly selected at the L3 or L4 vertebra. A total of less than 1 ml of radio opaque dye with 4% lidocaine was injected, taking caution not to traverse beyond the level of one vertebral body. The procedure was considered responsive when the skin temperature increased by more than 1℃ within 5 minutes. RESULTS: The median responsive level was significantly different between the left (lower third of the L4 body) and right (lower margin of the L3 body) sides (P = 0.021). However, there was no significant difference in the values between men and women. The overall median responsive level was the upper third of the L4 body. The mean responsive level did not correlate with height or BMI. There were no complications on short-term follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Selection of the primary target in the left lower third of the L4 vertebral body and the right lower margin of the L3 vertebral body may reduce the number of needle insertions and the volume of agents used in conventional or neurolytic LSGB and radiofrequency thermocoagulation.

11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 94(45): e2008, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26559296

RESUMO

In this retrospective analysis of 10,575 patients who used fentanyl-based intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV-PCA) after surgery, we evaluated difference between young and elderly patients on their characteristic of adverse effects.We reviewed the data collected from the patients who were provided IV-PCA for pain control following elective surgery under either general or spinal anesthesia between September 2010 and March 2014. Postoperative pain, incidence of PCA-related adverse effects, and risk factors for the need of rescue analgesics and antiemetics for postoperative 48 hours were analyzed.Pain intensity (numerical rating scale [NRS]) at postoperative 6 to 12 hours (4.68 vs 4.58, P < 0.01) and incidence of nausea or vomiting (23.8% vs 20.6%, P < 0.001) were higher in young patients, while incidence of PCA discontinuation (9.9% vs 11.5%, P < 0.01) and sedation (0.1% vs 0.7%, P < 0.001) was higher in elderly patients. Despite larger fentanyl dose used, a greater proportion of young patients required rescue analgesics (53.8% vs 47.9%, P < 0.001) while addition of ketorolac was effective in reducing postoperative pain. Despite lower incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), a larger proportion of elderly patients required rescue antiemetics (10.1% vs 12.2%, P < 0.001) while addition of ramosetron was effective in reducing PONV.In conclusion, when fentanyl-based IV-PCA is used for postoperative pain control, a larger proportion of young patients may require rescue analgesics while elderly patients may require more rescue antiemetics. The addition of ketorolac or ramosetron to the PCA of young and elderly patients can be effective to prevent rescue analgesics or antiemetics use.


Assuntos
Analgesia Controlada pelo Paciente/efeitos adversos , Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Fentanila/efeitos adversos , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Náusea e Vômito Pós-Operatórios/epidemiologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/administração & dosagem , Antieméticos/administração & dosagem , Benzimidazóis/administração & dosagem , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Feminino , Fentanila/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Cetorolaco/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Medição da Dor , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) ; 38(11): E678-82, 2013 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23429680

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study on intraoperative blood loss during lumbar spine surgery. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between airway pressure change due to the patient's prone position and intraoperative blood loss during lumbar spine surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: A prone position may increase abdominal pressure. Changes in abdominal pressure may influence airway pressure and cause intraoperative blood loss as a result of epidural venous congestion. METHODS: Patients undergoing lumbar spine surgery were placed in a prone position after the administration of general anesthesia. Peak airway pressure, plateau pressure, mean blood pressure, and heart rate were measured 5 minutes after anesthesia induction and 15 minutes after being placed in a prone position. Intraoperative blood loss was measured at the end of surgery. RESULTS: Mean peak airway pressure was 13.7 ± 1.8 mm Hg while in a supine position and increased to 15.1 ± 2.5 mm Hg after placement in the prone position (P = 0.002). Plateau pressure was 12.6 ± 2.5 mm Hg while in a supine position and increased to 14.1 ± 1.9 mm Hg after placement in a prone position (P = 0.0002). Intraoperative blood loss was correlated with peak (R2 = 0.405) and plateau (R2 = 0.489) airway pressure changes. CONCLUSION: Increase in airway pressure resulting from placement into a prone position may predict intraoperative surgical blood loss.


Assuntos
Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/fisiopatologia , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Sistema Respiratório/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Espaço Epidural/irrigação sanguínea , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Humanos , Hiperemia/fisiopatologia , Período Intraoperatório , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Decúbito Ventral/fisiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
13.
Korean J Anesthesiol ; 59(5): 314-8, 2010 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21179292

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For patients suspicious of cervical spine injury, a Philadelphia cervical collar is usually applied. Application of Philadelphia cervical collar may cause difficult airway. The aim of this study was to evaluate the laryngeal view and the success rate at first intubation attempt of the Airtraq and conventional laryngoscopy in patients with simulated cervical spine injury after application of a Philadelphia cervical collar. METHODS: Anesthesia was induced with propofol, remifentanil, and rocuronium. After a Philadelphia cervical collar applied, patients were randomly assigned to tracheal intubation with an Airtraq (Group A, n = 25) or with conventional laryngoscopy (Group L, n = 25). Measurements included intubation time, success rate of first intubation attempt, number of intubation attempts, and percentage of glottic opening (POGO) score. Mean blood pressure and heart rate were also recorded at baseline, just before and after intubation. RESULTS: The success rate of the first attempt in Group A (96%) was significantly greater than with the Group L (40%). POGO score was significantly greater in Group A (84 ± 20%) than in Group L (6 ± 11%). The duration of successful intubation at first tracheal intubation attempt and hemodynamic changes were not significantly different between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: The Airtraq offers a better laryngeal view and higher success rate at first intubation attempt in patients who are applied with a Philadelphia cervical collar due to suspicion of cervical spine injury.

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