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1.
Histopathology ; 76(6): 898-905, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31985086

RESUMO

AIMS: We sought to determine if non-terminal respiratory unit (TRU) type adenocarcinoma of lung with invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma (IMA) morphology shows gastric differentiation. METHODS AND RESULTS: We reviewed whole-section images of 489 cases of lung adenocarcinoma from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). TCGA data were classified into 426 TRU type adenocarcinoma, 49 IMA and 14 unclassifiable. Their RNA sequencing data was analysed by DESeq2 and WGCNA R packages. Gene expression in patients' samples was measured by NanoString assay. Overexpression of genes including REG4, TFF2, MUCL3, FER1L6, B3GALT5, ANXA10 was observed by TCGA analysis in IMA compared to TRU type adenocarcinoma. Many of these genes are those expressed in normal gastric glands and selected for NanoString experiment on 14 IMA and 10 TRU type adenocarcinoma cases. The expression of genes, including ANXA10, FER1L6, HNF4a, MUC5AC, REG4, TFF1, TFF2 and VSIGI, was increased> 15-fold in IMA. Immunohistochemistry of ANXA10, TFF2 and FER1L6 performed on 31 IMA and 135 TRU type adenocarcinomas showed a predominant expression in IMA, but are not in TRU type adenocarcinoma. CONCLUSION: Our results showed the level of genes expressed in stomach mucosa was increased in IMA compared to TRU type adenocarcinoma, supporting gastric differentiation of IMA. This finding may help the understanding of the pathogenesis of IMA and discovery of therapeutic targets.

2.
J Craniofac Surg ; 29(3): 645-647, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29283936

RESUMO

A 30-year-old female patient with facial pain diagnosed as organizing hematoma of maxillary sinus by biopsy and imaging studies, and subsequently tumor was resected via an endoscope-assisted midfacial degloving approach. The tumor was histopathologically confirmed as organizing hematoma. In 3-week follow-up, asymptomatic emerging mass was observed at the same site, and needed a revision endoscopic resection. On pathologic examination, a low-grade angiosarcoma was identified, not organizing hematoma. After postoperative radiotherapy, she has been a status of no evidence of disease. This report emphasizes that complete and delicate resection of sinonasal tumor should be made to prevent recurrence and submerged malignant potential.


Assuntos
Hemangiossarcoma/patologia , Hematoma/patologia , Neoplasias do Seio Maxilar/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Adulto , Endoscopia , Feminino , Hemangiossarcoma/diagnóstico , Hemangiossarcoma/radioterapia , Hemangiossarcoma/cirurgia , Hematoma/diagnóstico , Hematoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Seio Maxilar , Neoplasias do Seio Maxilar/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Seio Maxilar/radioterapia , Neoplasias do Seio Maxilar/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/radioterapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Radioterapia Adjuvante , Reoperação
4.
PLoS One ; 12(3): e0171922, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28273155

RESUMO

Senescence secretome was recently reported to promote liver cancer in an obese mouse model. Steatohepatitic hepatocellular carcinoma (SH-HCC), a new variant of HCC, has been found in metabolic syndrome patients, and pericellular fibrosis, a characteristic feature of SH-HCC, suggests that alteration of the tumor stroma might play an important role in SH-HCC development. Clinicopathological characteristics and tumor stroma showing senescence and senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) were investigated in 21 SH-HCCs and 34 conventional HCCs (C-HCCs). The expression of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), p21Waf1/Cif1, γ-H2AX, and IL-6 was investigated by immunohistochemistry or immunofluorescence. SH-HCCs were associated with older age, higher body mass index, and a higher incidence of metabolic syndrome, compared to C-HCC (P <0.05, all). The numbers of α-SMA-positive cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) (P = 0.049) and α-SMA-positive CAFs co-expressing p21Waf1/Cif1 (P = 0.038), γ-H2AX (P = 0.065), and IL-6 (P = 0.048) were greater for SH-HCCs than C-HCCs. Additionally, non-tumoral liver from SH-HCCs showed a higher incidence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and a higher number of α-SMA-positive stellate cells expressing γ-H2AX and p21Waf1/Cif1 than that from C-HCCs (P <0.05, all). In conclusion, SH-HCCs are considered to occur more frequently in metabolic syndrome patients. Therein, senescent and damaged CAFs, as well as non-tumoral stellate cells, expressing SASP including IL-6 may contribute to the development of SH-HCC.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Actinas/genética , Actinas/metabolismo , Idoso , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/complicações , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21/genética , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21/metabolismo , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Histonas/genética , Histonas/metabolismo , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Interleucina-6/genética , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/complicações , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/complicações , Síndrome Metabólica/patologia , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/complicações
5.
Mod Pathol ; 29(9): 1038-49, 2016 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27312064

RESUMO

Hypoxia is known to be important in the generation and maintenance of stemness; however, its clinical significance is yet to be determined in human hepatocellular carcinoma. The expression of stemness (K19, EpCAM) and hypoxia (carbonic anhydrase-IX (CAIX))-related markers were investigated by immunohistochemistry in three hepatocellular carcinoma cohorts. The clinicopathologic features, response to transarterial chemoembolization, and outcomes were compared. In cohort 1 (n=14, biopsy-transarterial chemoembolization-resection-matched hepatocellular carcinoma), all K19-, EpCAM-, or CAIX-positive hepatocellular carcinomas on initial biopsy (6/6, 100%) showed residual tumors after transarterial chemoembolization, whereas 75% (6/8) of all-negative hepatocellular carcinomas on biopsy showed complete necrosis in the post-transarterial chemoembolization-resected specimens. In cohort 2 (n=85, explanted hepatocellular carcinomas with/without transarterial chemoembolization; totally necrotic hepatocellular carcinoma after transarterial chemoembolization was not included), the expression of K19, EpCAM, and CAIX, and their coexpression, was more frequently observed with a greater number of transarterial chemoembolization sessions, and the expression of these markers was also correlated to each other. CAIX expression was shown to be an independent factor for recurrence and survival, and combination of CAIX with Milan criteria significantly increased the time-dependent integrative area under the curve values for recurrence and survival. In cohort 3 (n=339, resected hepatocellular carcinomas without transarterial chemoembolization), CAIX(+) hepatocellular carcinomas exhibited higher K19 and EpCAM expression, and more invasive pathological features. CAIX expression and TNM stage were independent predictors of extrahepatic recurrence, and the addition of CAIX to the TNM stage significantly increased time-dependent integrative area under the curve values. In conclusion, the expression of stemness (K19, EpCAM) and hypoxia (CAIX)-related markers were correlated each other, and hepatocellular carcinoma expressing these markers showed resistance to transarterial chemoembolization and poorer outcome. Evaluation for both markers of stemness and hypoxia may have an additional value in predicting hepatocellular carcinoma outcome, especially for transarterial chemoembolization-treated hepatocellular carcinomas.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioembolização Terapêutica , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Hipóxia Tumoral , Microambiente Tumoral , Antígenos de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Biópsia , Anidrase Carbônica IX/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Molécula de Adesão da Célula Epitelial/metabolismo , Feminino , Hepatectomia , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Queratina-19/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Necrose , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Yonsei Med J ; 57(4): 831-9, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27189274

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To examine the usefulness of various receptor tyrosine kinase expressions as prognostic markers and therapeutic targets in muscle invasive urothelial cancer (UC) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 98 patients with muscle invasive UC who underwent radical cystectomy between 2005 and 2010 in Yonsei Cancer Center. Using formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissues of primary tumors, immunohistochemical staining was done for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1), and fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3). RESULTS: There were 41 (41.8%), 44 (44.9%), and 14 (14.2%) patients who have over-expressed HER2, FGFR1, and FGFR3, respectively. In univariate analysis, significantly shorter median time to recurrence (TTR) (12.9 months vs. 49.0 months; p=0.008) and overall survival (OS) (22.3 months vs. 52.7 months; p=0.006) was found in patients with FGFR1 overexpression. By contrast, there was no difference in TTR or OS according to the HER2 and FGFR3 expression status. FGFR1 remained as a significant prognostic factor for OS with hazard ratio of 2.23 (95% confidence interval: 1.27-3.90, p=0.006) in multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: Our result showed that FGFR1 expression, but not FGFR3, is an adverse prognostic factor in muscle invasive UC patients after radical cystectomy. FGFR1 might be feasible for prognosis prediction and a potential therapeutic target after thorough validation in muscle invasive UC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/metabolismo , Carcinoma/mortalidade , Receptor Tipo 1 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma/cirurgia , Cistectomia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Músculos/patologia , Invasividade Neoplásica , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptor Tipo 3 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Urotélio/patologia
7.
Skeletal Radiol ; 43(5): 649-53, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24535316

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To review imaging features of fibrous hamartoma of infancy (FHI), focusing on ultrasonography (US) findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed pediatric patients who were diagnosed with pathologically confirmed FHI in two children's hospitals from 2004 to 2013. Imaging features of US, Doppler US, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were evaluated. RESULTS: Thirteen pediatric patients (M:F = 7:6; age 5-22 months, mean 11.3 months) were included. Mean lesion size was 3.2 cm (range, 0.7-8.0 cm). The tumors were located in the back (n = 4), scrotum (n = 2), scalp, shoulder, axilla, forearm, intergluteal cleft, inguinal area, and thigh. US was performed in 11 patients. With the exception of two scrotal masses, all masses were located in the dermal and subcutaneous layer. All masses demonstrated heterogeneous hyperechogenicity with a "serpentine pattern" of intervening hypoechoic portions in the hyperechoic mass. The margins were ill-defined (n = 9) or lobulated (n = 2). Doppler US was performed in nine patients and showed no (n = 6) or minimal (n = 3) vascularity. MRI was performed in five patients and the masses showed heterogeneous signal intensity with the presence of fat on T1- and T2-weighted images. CONCLUSIONS: FHI is a tumor that is typically located in the dermal and subcutaneous layer in young children less than 2 years old and presents as a heterogeneously hyperechoic mass with a "serpentine pattern" and ill-defined or lobulated margin on US and no remarkable vascularity on Doppler US.


Assuntos
Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Hamartoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Dermatopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Ultrassonografia
8.
Yonsei Med J ; 54(5): 1285-8, 2013 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23918583

RESUMO

A 55-year-old woman presented with frequent episodes of syncope due to sinus pauses. During ambulatory Holter monitoring, atrial fibrillation and first-degree atrioventricular nodal block were observed. Magnetic resonance imaging and CT scans showed a tumor-like mass from the superior vena cava to the right atrial septum. Open chest cardiac biopsy was performed. The tumor was composed of proliferating IgG4-positive plasma cells and lymphocytes with surrounding sclerosis. The patient was diagnosed with IgG4-related sclerosing disease. Because of frequent sinus pauses and syncope, a permanent pacemaker was implanted. The cardiac mass was inoperable, but it did not progress during the one-year follow-up.


Assuntos
Septo Interatrial/patologia , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Veia Cava Superior/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Marca-Passo Artificial , Esclerose/complicações , Esclerose/diagnóstico , Esclerose/terapia , Síncope/etiologia
9.
J Craniofac Surg ; 24(4): 1278-9, 2013 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23851787

RESUMO

Spindle cell lipoma is an uncommon histologic variant of lipoma, and reports at the larynx or hypopharynx are extremely rare. We present our experience with a 53-year-old man with a huge spindle cell lipoma of the pyriform sinus and tried to remove the tumor using a transoral robotic approach. The tumor was successfully removed with 3-dimensional visualization providing an excellent view of the resection margin and the dissection plane. Furthermore, geometric resection could be conducted in the narrow pharyngeal lumen and working space using the articulated robotic arms. We suggest that spindle cell lipoma should be considered for differential diagnosis in benign hypopharyngeal tumors and that transoral robotic surgery may be successfully used in huge benign tumors of the hypopharynx.


Assuntos
Endoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Hipofaríngeas/cirurgia , Lipoma/cirurgia , Seio Piriforme/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador , Adulto , Humanos , Neoplasias Hipofaríngeas/diagnóstico , Hipofaringe/patologia , Hipofaringe/cirurgia , Imageamento Tridimensional , Lipoma/diagnóstico , Masculino , Seio Piriforme/patologia
10.
Hypertension ; 62(1): 126-33, 2013 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23716586

RESUMO

The pathogenic role of T cells in hypertension has been documented well in recent animal studies. However, the existence of T-cell-driven inflammation in human hypertension has not been confirmed. Therefore, we undertook immunologic characterization of T cells from patients with hypertension and measured circulating levels of C-X-C chemokine receptor type 3 chemokines, which are well-known tissue-homing chemokines for T cells. We analyzed immunologic markers on T cells from patients with hypertension by multicolor flow cytometry. We then measured circulating levels of the C-X-C chemokine receptor type 3 chemokines, monokine induced by γ interferon (IFN), IFN γ-induced protein 10, and IFN-inducible T-cell α chemoattractant, in patients with hypertension and in age- and sex-matched control subjects by the cytometric bead array method. In addition, we examined histological features of IFN-inducible T-cell α chemoattractant expression from renal biopsy specimens of patients with hypertensive nephrosclerosis and control subjects. The total T-cell population from patients with hypertension showed an increased fraction of immunosenescent, proinflammatory, cytotoxic CD8(+) T cells. Circulating levels of C-X-C chemokine receptor type 3 chemokines were significantly higher in patients with hypertension than in control subjects. Furthermore, immunohistochemical staining revealed increased expression of the T-cell chemokine, IFN-inducible T-cell α chemoattractant, in the proximal and distal tubules of patients with hypertensive nephrosclerosis. Immunosenescent CD8(+) T cells and C-X-C chemokine receptor type 3 chemokines are increased in human hypertension, suggesting a role for T-cell-driven inflammation in hypertension. A more detailed characterization of CD8(+) T cells may offer new opportunities for the prevention and treatment of human hypertension.


Assuntos
Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , Quimiotaxia de Leucócito/imunologia , Hipertensão/metabolismo , Imunidade Celular , Receptores CXCR3/biossíntese , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/patologia , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Hipertensão/imunologia , Hipertensão/patologia , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
11.
Tuberc Respir Dis (Seoul) ; 74(1): 32-6, 2013 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23390451

RESUMO

A 43-year-old woman with breast cancer who was on neoadjuvant chemotherapy presented with cough, sputum and mild fever. High-resolution computed tomography showed diffuse ground glass opacities in bilateral lungs and subpleural patchy consolidations. Initially, she was thought to have pneumonia or interstitial lung diseases such as drug-induced pneumonitis and treated with antibiotics and steroids. She subsequently got breast cancer surgery because of disease progression, and concurrent thoracoscopic lung biopsy revealed metastatic carcinoma of the lung from breast cancer. The diagnosis of suspected interstitial lung disease can be made without lung biopsy, but malignancy should always be considered and lung biopsy should be performed in the absence of a definitive clinical diagnosis.

12.
Korean J Pathol ; 47(6): 557-62, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24421849

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pre-existing non-neoplastic renal diseases or lesions may influence patient renal function after tumor removal. However, its description is often neglected or omitted in pathologic reports. To determine the incidence and clinical significance of non-neoplastic lesions, we retrospectively examined renal tissues obtained during 85 radical nephrectomies for renal cell carcinoma. METHODS: One paraffin-embedded tissue block from each case containing a sufficient amount of non-tumorous renal parenchyma was cut and processed with hematoxylin and eosin and periodic acid-Schiff methods. Non-neoplastic lesions of each histological compartment were semi-quantitatively and quantitatively evaluated. RESULTS: Among the various histologic lesions found, tubular atrophy, arterial intimal thickening, and glomerulosclerosis were the most common (94.1%, 91.8%, and 88.2%, respectively). Glomerulosclerosis correlated with estimated glomerular filtration rate at the time of surgery, as well as at 1- and 5-years post-surgery (p=.0071), but tubulointerstitial fibrosis or arterial fibrous intimal thickening did not. Post-hoc analysis revealed that glomerulosclerosis of more than 20% predicted post-operative renal function. However, its significance disappeared when gender and age were considered. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, non-neoplastic lesions, especially with regard to glomerulosclerosis percentage, should be described in pathology reports to provide additional information on renal function decline.

13.
Korean J Pathol ; 46(5): 507-13, 2012 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23136581

RESUMO

Here, we present a case of anaplastic giant cell ependymoma (GCE) occurring in a 15-year-old woman. Squash smear slides for intraoperative frozen section diagnosis revealed oval to round cell clusters with a papillary structure in a fibrillary background. This was occasionally accompanied by the presence of bizarre pleomorphic giant cells with hyperchromatic nuclei and prominent intranuclear inclusions. These intranuclear inclusions were a key clue to diagnosis of ependymoma. Histologic analysis revealed features of a high-grade tumor with perivascular pseudorosettes and bizarre pleomorphic giant cells, which established the diagnosis of GCE. We performed a review of literatures about the cytologic features of GCE, including our case, thus proposing that intraoperative frozen diagnosis of GCE would be established by squash smear preparations featuring the mitosis and necrosis, as well as the high cellularity, and the presence of giant cells showing hyperchromatic nuclei with eosinophilic cytoplasm and intranuclear inclusions/pseudoinclusions.

14.
Korean J Pathol ; 46(3): 233-6, 2012 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23110008

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Examination of urine for decoy cells (DCs) is a useful screening test for polyomavirus (PV) activation. We explored the significance of the amount of DCs in persistent shedding, PV nephropathy and acute rejection. METHODS: A case-controlled study was performed in 88 renal allograft patients who had DCs detected at least once in four or more urine samples. RESULTS: Fifty one patients were classified into the high-grade shedding group (HG) and 37 patients into the low-grade shedding group (LG) according to DC shedding (≥10 or <10 DCs/10 high power field [HPF]). DC shedding of more than three consecutive months was significantly more prevalent in the HG as compared with their LG counterparts (p<0.0001). Urinary DCs were present for more than one year in 29.4% of the HG and 8.1% of the LG. Real-time polymerase chain reaction for PV was higher in both urine (51.4% vs. 11.1%) and plasma (9.1% vs. 0%) of the HG than the LG. The prevalence of PV nephropathy was higher in the HG than the LG (p=0.019). However, there was no significant difference in the prevalence of acute rejection. CONCLUSIONS: Shedding of ≥10 DCs/10 HPF is associated with sustained shedding, polymerase chain reaction positivity and PV nephropathy, but not a predictor of acute rejection.

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