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1.
Diabetes Obes Metab ; 23 Suppl 2: 28-39, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33835640

RESUMO

AIM: To examine healthcare resource utilization in type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients after initiation of sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT-2is) versus dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4is) or other glucose-lowering drugs (oGLDs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cost-utilization analysis was performed using a nationwide hospital-based administrative claims database (Medical Data Vision) during 2014-2018 in Japan, where universal healthcare coverage is maintained under a single-payer system. Data on T2D patients initiated on either SGLT-2is or oGLDs during the study period (228 514 patients) were extracted and subjected to a 1:1 propensity score-matching analysis (7626 patient pairs for DPP-4is and 28 484 for oGLDs). Direct healthcare resource utilizations and inpatient and outpatient costs were compared. RESULTS: After matching, baseline characteristics were well balanced, including healthcare costs within 3 and 12 months before the index date (standardized difference <5% for all variables), with a mean age of 61.6-64.1 years. While diabetes medication costs were higher in patients initiated with SGLT-2is than in those initiated with DPP-4is or oGLDs, further breakdown of individual cost components showed that SGLT-2is were associated with a lower hospitalization frequency and a shorter total hospital stay (by 213.0 or 204.6 days/100 patient-years compared with DPP-4is or oGLDs, respectively; P < .001). Accordingly, overall mean cumulative cost per patient at the 2.5-year postindex date was lower in patients with SGLT-2is than in those with DPP-4is or oGLDs by $2545 (1384.6-3759.7) and $2330 (1793.1-2882.9), respectively (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Our results show the benefits in healthcare resource utilization associated with SGLT-2i use in Japanese T2D patients.

2.
Diabetes Obes Metab ; 23 Suppl 2: 3-18, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33835639

RESUMO

With the widespread use of electronic medical records and administrative claims databases, analytic results from so-called real-world data have become increasingly important in healthcare decision-making. Diabetes mellitus is a heterogeneous condition that involves a broad spectrum of patients. Real-world database studies have been recognised as a powerful tool to understand the impact of current practices on clinical courses and outcomes, such as long-term glucose control, development of microvascular or macro-vascular diseases, and mortality. Diabetes is also a major global health issue and poses a significant social and economic burden worldwide. Therefore, it is critical to understand the epidemiology, clinical course, treatment reality, and long-term outcomes of diabetes to determine realistic solutions to a variety of disease-related issues that we are facing. In the present review, we summarise the healthcare system and large-scale databases currently available in Japan, introduce the results from recent database studies involving Japanese patients with diabetes, and discuss future opportunities and challenges for the use of databases in the management of diabetes.

3.
Circ J ; 2021 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33642425

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The details and consequences of a small aortic annulus among transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) patients remain uncertain. This study investigated the short-term outcomes in patients with small annular size and compared the 30-day outcome between intra- and supra-annular devices, with similar outer casing diameter in this subgroup.Methods and Results:Cases registered in the Japanese national TAVR registry between August 2013 and December 2017 were analyzed. Among a total of 5,870 registered patients, 647 (11.0%) had small annulus (area ≤314 mm2) measured by multi-detector computed tomography. Patients with a small annulus had a significantly smaller indexed effective orifice area (iEOA, 1.10 cm2/m2[0.92-1.35] vs. 1.16 cm2/m2[0.96-1.39], P<0.001) and higher mean pressure gradient (mPG, 10.0 mmHg [6.9-14.2] vs. 8.5 mmHg [6.0-11.5], P<0.001) compared with a normal-sized annulus. Among patients with a small annulus, those receiving a 20 mm intra-annular device had a smaller iEOA (0.94 cm2/m2[0.78-1.06] vs. 1.07 cm2/m2[0.8-1.24], P=0.001) and higher mPG (14.0 mmHg [10.0-18.5] vs. 11.0 [7.0-14.0], P<0.001) compared with those receiving a 23-mm supra-annular device, although the incidence of paravalvular leakage (≥moderate) was similar (14.4% vs. 16.5%, P=0.69). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with a small annulus were associated with less hemodynamic improvement. A supra-annular device is associated with better echocardiographic improvement in patients with a small annulus, without increasing paravalvular leakage.

5.
Diabetes Obes Metab ; 2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33606906

RESUMO

This study of real-world data from the Maccabi database in Israel compared the risk of heart failure hospitalization (HHF) or death in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) initiating sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors versus other glucose-lowering drugs (OGLDs) according to baseline left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF). After propensity-matching patients by baseline EF there were 10 614 episodes of treatment initiation; 57% had diabetes for >10 years, the mean glycated haemoglobin level was 66 mmol/mol (8.2%), ∼43% had cardiovascular disease, ∼7% had heart failure and ∼ 20% had chronic kidney disease. A total of 2876 patients (∼9%) had reduced EF (<50%). Over a mean follow-up of 1.5 years there were 371 HHFs or deaths, 88 (23.7%) in patients with reduced EF. Initiation of SGLT2 inhibitors versus OGLDs was associated with lower risk of HHF or death overall (hazard ratio [HR] 0.57, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.46-0.70]; P < 0.001) and in patients with both reduced EF (HR 0.61, 95% CI 0.40-0.93) and preserved EF (HR 0.55, 95% CI 0.43-0.70), with no significant heterogeneity (Pinteraction = 0.72). Our findings from real-world clinical practice show that the lower risk of HHF and death associated with use of SGLT2 inhibitors versus OGLDs is consistent in T2D patients with both reduced and preserved EF.

6.
Am Heart J ; 235: 113-124, 2021 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33472053

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bleeding avoidance strategies (BASs) are increasingly adopted for patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) due to bleeding complications. However, their association with bleeding events outside of Western countries remains unclear. In collaboration with the National Cardiovascular Data Registry (NCDR) CathPCI registry, we aimed to assess the time trend and impact of BAS utilization among Japanese patients. METHODS: Our study included 19,656 consecutive PCI patients registered over 10 years. These patients were divided into 4-time frame groups (T1: 2008-2011, T2: 2012-2013, T3: 2014-2015, and T4: 2016-2018). BAS was defined as the use of transradial approach or vascular closure device (VCD) use after transfemoral approach (TFA). Model performance of the NCDR CathPCI bleeding model was evaluated. The degree of bleeding reduction associated with BAS adoption was estimated via multilevel mixed-effects multivariable logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: The NCDR CathPCI bleeding risk score demonstrated good discrimination in the Japanese population (C-statistics 0.79-0.81). The BAS adoption rate increased from 43% (T1) to 91% (T4), whereas the crude CathPCI-defined bleeding rate decreased from 10% (T1) to 7% (T4). Adjusted odds ratios for bleeding events were 0.25 (95% confidence interval, 0.14-0.45, P< .001) for those undergoing TFA with VCD in T4 and 0.26 (95% confidence interval 0.20-0.35, P< .001) for transradial approach in T4 compared to patients that received TFA without VCD in T1. CONCLUSIONS: BAS use over the studied time frames was associated with lower risk of bleeding complications among Japanese. Nonetheless, observed bleeding rates remained higher compared to the US population.

7.
PLoS One ; 16(1): e0244484, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33395422

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are common mental health problems that are strongly associated with sleep disturbances, according to community-based researches. However, this association has not been investigated among patients admitted for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). We examined the prevalence of depression and anxiety in inpatients with various CVDs and their association with sleep disturbances. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 1294 patients hospitalized for CVDs in a Japanese university hospital were evaluated for their mental status using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), for sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) using pulse oximetry, and for sleep quality using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). RESULTS: Patient characteristics were as below: mean age, 63.9±14.7 years; 25.7% female. Overall, 18.9% had depression (HADS-depression≥8) and 17.1% had anxiety (HADS-anxiety≥8). The presence of depression was associated with female sex, older age, higher plasma brain natriuretic peptide level, lower estimated glomerular filtration rate, and the prevalence of heart failure. Overall, 46.5% patients were categorized as having a poor sleep quality (PSQI>5), and 28.5% patients had SDB (3% oxygen desaturation index>15). Although depression and anxiety were not associated with SDB, they were independently associated with poor sleep quality (OR = 3.09, 95% CI 2.19-4.36; OR = 3.93, 95% CI 2.71-5.69, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Depression and anxiety were not uncommon in patients with CVDs. Poor sleep quality could be an important risk factor linked to psychological disturbances.

8.
J Clin Med ; 10(2)2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33419034

RESUMO

We are very fortunate to be practicing interventional cardiology during an era of rapid clinical and technological evolution, which allows us to offer potentially life-saving options for challenging cardiac conditions [...].

9.
J Am Heart Assoc ; : e016502, 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33283587

RESUMO

Background The aim of this study was to determine whether frailty is associated with increased admission and mortality risk in the setting of heart failure. Methods and Results This retrospective cohort analysis included patients treated within the Veterans Affairs Health System who had International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes for heart failure on 2 or more dates over a 2-year period. The clinical variables identifiable in claims data, such as demographic variables and markers of physical and cognitive dysfunction, were used to identify patients meeting the frailty phenotype. Of 388 785 extracted patients with coding of heart failure between 2015 and 2018, 163 085 patients (41.9%) with ejection fraction (EF) measurement were included in the present analysis (38.3% with reduced EF and 61.7% with preserved EF). There were 16 660 patients (10.2%) who were identified as frail (9.1% in heart failure with reduced EF and 10.9% in heart failure with preserved EF). Frail patients were older, more often depressed, and were likely to have been admitted in the previous year. One-year all-cause mortality rate was 9.7% and 28.1%, and admission rate was 58.1% and 79.5% for nonfrail and frail patients, respectively. Frailty was associated with mortality and admission risk compared with the nonfrail group (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 1.71; 95% CI, 1.65-1.77 for mortality; adjusted OR, 1.29; 95% CI, 1.24-1.34 for admission) independent of EF. Conclusions Frailty based on diagnostic coding was associated with particularly higher risk of mortality despite adjustment for known clinical variables. Our findings underscore the importance of nontraditional parameters in the prognostic assessment.

10.
ESC Heart Fail ; 2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33295126

RESUMO

Acute heart failure (AHF) has become a global public health burden largely because of the associated high morbidity, mortality, and cost. The treatment options for AHF have remained relatively unchanged over the past decades. Historically, clinical congestion alone has been considered the main target for treatment of acute decompensation in patients with AHF; however, this is an oversimplification of the complex pathophysiology. Within the similar clinical presentation of congestion, significant differences in pathophysiological mechanisms exist between the fluid accumulation and redistribution. Tissue hypoperfusion is another vital characteristic of AHF and should be promptly treated with appropriate interventions. In addition, recent clinical trials of novel therapeutic strategies have shown that heart failure management is 'time sensitive' and suggested that treatment selection based on individual aetiologies, triggers, and risk factor profiles could lead to better outcomes. In this review, we aim to describe the specifics of the 'time-sensitive' approach by the clinical phenotypes, for example, pulmonary/systemic congestion and tissue hypoperfusion, wherein patients are classified based on pathophysiological conditions. This mechanistic classification, in parallel with the comprehensive risk assessment, has become a cornerstone in the management of patients with AHF and thus supports effective decision making by clinicians. We will also highlight how therapeutic modalities should be individualized according to each clinical phenotype.

11.
J Diabetes Investig ; 2020 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33345452

RESUMO

AIMS/INTRODUCTION: Increased incidence of hospitalization for heart failure (HHF) among patients with diabetes is increasingly being reported. We investigated the incidence of adverse cardiovascular events including HHF among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, and the potential clinical improvement with sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) using a contemporary administrative claims database from a large governmental district of Japan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included initiators of any oral glucose-lowering drugs between 2013 and 2018. We estimated the 5-year cumulative incidence of hospitalization for HF, myocardial infarction and stroke, treating death as a competing risk. We evaluated the possible impact of introducing SGLT2i to the potential recipients of the drug, using the inclusion criteria from Empagliflozin Cardiovascular Outcome Event Trial in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients (EMPA-REG OUTCOME) and Dapagliflozin Effect on Cardiovascular Events-Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 58 (DECLARE-TIMI 58) trials, assuming the same risk reduction as theirs. RESULTS: Among 23,340 drug initiators (54.0% men, and 6.4% aged >85 years), the 5-year cumulative incidence was 5.4% (95% confidence interval 4.9-5.9%) for HHF, 1.9% (95% confidence interval 1.7-2.2%) for myocardial infarction admission and 6.1% (95% confidence interval 5.7-6.6%) for stroke admission. Among 6,192 patients with laboratory test data, 651 (10.5%) and 2,680 (43.3%) patients met the EMPA-REG-like and DECLARE-like criteria, respectively. The 5-year cumulative incidence among the 2,849 patients meeting either of the criteria was estimated to decrease from 97.1 to 75.6 events through 75% adoption of SGLT2i. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of HHF was similar to that of stroke. A significant portion of our cohort met the inclusion criteria for major randomized clinical trials for SGLT2i, and estimated reduction in the HHF events was substantial.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33358669

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate whether symptom underrecognition is associated with the application of catheter ablation. BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) symptom burden is frequently underrecognized and may affect the choice of treatment strategies. METHODS: A total of 3,276 patients with AF consecutively registered in a Japanese multicenter database from 2012 to 2017 were analyzed. All patients underwent AF symptom burden assessment via the symptom and daily activities domain within the Atrial Fibrillation Effect on QualiTy-of-life (AFEQT) questionnaire. For the present analysis, 1,173 symptomatic patients (AFEQT score ≤80) with a clinical indication for catheter ablation were included. Underrecognition of symptom burden was defined as no subjective complaints checked by physicians despite self-reported AFEQT scores ≤80. Logistic regression analysis identified the predictors associated with receiving catheter ablation. RESULTS: Of the 1,173 patients (age: 68 ± 12 years, men: 61%) analyzed, 459 underwent catheter ablation (ablation group); they had lower overall AFEQT scores (p < 0.01 for all domains) compared with the nonablation group. At the 1-year follow-up, greater improvement in the AFEQT scores was noted in the ablation group, even after adjusting for clinically relevant factors (+20.0 ± 1.2, +14.2 ± 0.9, respectively; p < 0.001). Notably, 306 (28%) patients met the criteria for symptom underrecognition, which was associated with the nonuse of catheter ablation during follow-up (odds ratio 0.41; confidence interval, 0.28-0.60; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Underrecognition of AF symptom burden was frequently noted and was associated with less use of catheter ablation. Standardized recognition of symptoms using the application of validated questionnaires may facilitate outcome improvement.

14.
J Atheroscler Thromb ; 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33229856

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of the current study was to describe the clinical profile, frequency of in-hospital complications, and predictors of adverse events in patients undergoing endovascular therapy (EVT) for acute limb ischemia (ALI), and to compare them with those of patients undergoing EVT for chronic symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD). METHODS: The current study compared 2,398 cases of EVT for ALI with 74,171 cases of EVT for chronic symptomatic PAD performed between January 2015 and December 2018 in Japan. We first compared the clinical profiles of ALI patients with those of PAD patients. We then evaluated the proportion of in-hospital complications and investigated their risk factors in the ALI patients. The association of clinical characteristics with the risk of in-hospital complications was analyzed via logistic regression modeling. RESULTS: Patients with ALI were older and had a higher prevalence of female sex, impaired mobility, and history of cerebrovascular disease, but a lower prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and history of coronary artery disease. The proportion of in-hospital EVT-related complications in ALI was 6.1% and was significantly higher compared with those in chronic symptomatic PAD patients (2.0%, P<0.001). Bedridden status (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1.74 [1.14 to 2.66]; P=0.010), history of coronary artery disease (aOR, 1.80 [1.21 to 2.68]; P=0.004), and a suprapopliteal lesion (aOR, 1.70 [1.05 to 2.74]; P=0.030) were identified as independent risk factors for in-hospital complications. CONCLUSION: The current study demonstrated that ALI patients with significant comorbidities show a higher proportion of in-hospital complications after EVT.

15.
ESC Heart Fail ; 2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33201597

RESUMO

AIMS: Clinical guidelines for improving the patients' quality of care vary in clinical practice, particularly in super-aging societies, like in Japan. We aimed to develop a set of appropriate-use criteria (AUC) for contemporary heart failure (HF) management to assist physicians in decision making. METHODS AND RESULTS: With the use of the RAND methodology, a multidisciplinary writing group developed patient-based clinical scenarios in 10 selected key topics, stratified mainly by HF stage, age, and renal function. Nine nationally recognized expert panellists independently rated the clinical scenario appropriateness twice on a scale of 1-9, as 'appropriate' (7-9), 'may be appropriate' (4-6), or 'rarely appropriate' (1-3). Decisions were based on clinical evidence and professional opinions in the context of available resource use and costs. An interactive round-table discussion was held between the first and second ratings; the median score of the nine experts was then assigned to an appropriate-use category. Most clinical scenarios without strong evidence were evaluated as 'may be appropriate'. Frailty assessments in elderly patients (age ≥ 75 years), regardless of the HF stage, and advanced care planning in patients with stage C/D HF, regardless of age, were considered 'appropriate'. For HF with reduced ejection fraction, beta-blocker administration in elderly patients (age ≥ 75 years) with heart rate < 50 b.p.m. and mineral corticosteroid receptor antagonist use in elderly patients (age ≥ 75 years) with an estimated glomerular filtration rate < 30 mL/min/1.73 m2 were considered 'rarely appropriate'. CONCLUSIONS: The HF management AUC provide a practical guide for physicians regarding scenarios commonly encountered in daily practice.

16.
J Card Fail ; 2020 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33171293

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is a highly prevalent, heterogeneous, and life-threatening condition. Precise prognostic understanding is essential for effective decision-making, but little is known about patients' attitudes toward prognostic communication with their physicians. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a questionnaire survey, consisting of patients' prognostic understanding, preferences for information disclosure, and depressive symptoms, among hospitalized HF patients (92 items in total). Individual 2-year survival rates were calculated using the Seattle Heart Failure Model (SHFM), and its agreement level with patient self-expectations of 2-year survival were assessed. A total of 113 patients completed the survey (male 65.5%, median age 75.0 [66.0-81.0] years). Compared to the SHFM-prediction, patient-expectation of 2-year survival was matched only in 27.8%; their agreement level was low (weighted kappa = 0.11). Notably, 50.9% wished to know "more," albeit 27.7% felt that they did not have adequate prognostic discussion. Compared to the known prognostic variables (e.g. age and HF severity), logistic regression analysis demonstrated that female and less depressive patients were associated with patients' preference for "more" prognostic discussion. CONCLUSIONS: Patients' overall prognostic understanding was suboptimal. The communication process requires further improvement for patients to accurately understand their HF prognosis and be involved in making a better-informed decision.

17.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(21): 2579-2580, 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33153571
18.
J Clin Med ; 9(11)2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33182592

RESUMO

Although baseline hemoglobin and renal function are both important predictors of adverse outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), scarce data exist regarding the combined impact of these factors on outcomes. We sought to investigate the impact and threshold value of the hemoglobin to creatinine (Hgb/Cr) ratio, on in-hospital adverse outcomes among non-dialysis patients in a Japanese nationwide registry. We analyzed 157,978 non-dialysis patients who underwent PCI in 884 Japanese medical institutions in 2017. We studied differences in baseline characteristics and in-hospital clinical outcomes among four groups according to their quartiles of the Hgb/Cr ratios. Compared with patients with higher Hgb/Cr ratios, patients with lower ratios were older and had more comorbidities and complex coronary artery disease. Patients with lower hemoglobin and higher creatinine levels had a higher rate of in-hospital adverse outcomes including in-hospital mortality and procedural complications (defined as occurrence of cardiac tamponade, cardiogenic shock after PCI, emergency operation, or bleeding complications that required blood transfusion). On multivariate analyses, Hgb/Cr ratio was inversely associated with in-hospital mortality (odds ratio: 0.91, 95% confidence interval: 0.89-0.92; p < 0.001) and bleeding complications (odds ratio: 0.92, 95% confidence interval: 0.90-0.94; p < 0.001). Spline curve analysis demonstrated that these risks started to increase when the Hgb/Cr ratio was <15, and elevated exponentially when the ratio was <10. Hgb/Cr ratio is a simple index among non-dialysis patients and is inversely associated with in-hospital mortality and bleeding complications after PCI.

19.
Heart Vessels ; 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33034713

RESUMO

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). One risk factor for AKI is periprocedural hemoglobin drop level (> 3 g/dL); however, whether the relationship between hemoglobin drop and AKI is linear or nonlinear remains unknown. We aimed to investigate the relationship between periprocedural hemoglobin drop and AKI after PCI. We evaluated 14,273 consecutive patients undergoing PCI between September 2008 and March 2019. AKI was defined as an absolute or a relative increase in serum creatinine level of 0.3 mg/dL or 50%, respectively. Restricted cubic spline was constructed to assess the association between hemoglobin drop and AKI by logistic regression and machine learning (ML) models, which were used to predict the risk of AKI. The patients' mean age was 68.4 ± 11.6 years; the AKI incidence was 10.5% (N = 1499). An absolute > 3 g/dL or 20% relative decrease in hemoglobin level was an independent predictor of AKI incidence (odds ratio, OR [95% confidence interval, CI]: 2.24 [1.92-2.61], P < 0.001; 2.35 [2.04-2.71], P < 0.001, respectively). An adjusted restricted cubic spline demonstrated that absolute/relative decrease in hemoglobin was linearly associated with AKI. Logistic and ML models with absolute/relative hemoglobin changes were comparable while estimating the risk of AKI (absolute area under the curve [AUC] (logistic):0.826, AUC (ML): 0.820; relative AUC (logistic): 0.818, AUC (ML): 0.816). An absolute/relative decrease in periprocedural hemoglobin after PCI was linearly associated with AKI. Detection of a relative/absolute decrease in hemoglobin may help clinicians identify individuals as high risk for AKI after PCI.

20.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0240095, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33021993

RESUMO

Atherosclerosis is a systemic process. As the population ages, increasingly more patients who undergo coronary revascularization are complicated with peripheral artery disease (PAD). However, the large body of evidence in this area has not been limited to analysis from trial-based data from younger and relatively uncomplicated patients in Western countries. The impact of PAD on the outcomes can differ by patient characteristics, and integrated analysis of large-scale data is necessary. J-PCI is a universal (all-comer) nationwide registration system in Japan, regulated and audited by professional society that controls national board-certification system. For the present study, we extracted data of 894,014 percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) cases performed between 2014 and 2017 (mean age 70.2 years [standard deviation 11.0]). In-hospital outcomes of PAD and Non-PAD patients were compared. PAD was defined as a previous history of stenosis of peripheral arteries or abdominal aortic aneurysm. Primary outcome was in-hospital mortality, and multivariable modeling was performed. A total of 66,891 patients (8.1%) had PAD. Crude in-hospital mortality rate was higher in this group (0.99% vs. 0.67% in Non-PAD group). PAD was associated with an increased risk of in-hospital mortality (odds ratio [OR] 1.383 [95% confidence interval 1.251-1.528]). However, the impact of PAD differed by kidney condition (OR 1.578 [1.370-1.821] for patients with chronic kidney disease [CKD] and OR 1.234 [1.076-1.416] without CKD: P for interaction 0.005), and by clinical presentation: PAD was not associated with an increased risk of in-hospital mortality in patients undergoing PCI for silent ischemia (OR 1.211 [0.8701-1.685]: P for interaction 0.002). Presence of PAD was independently associated with in-hospital mortality in patients receiving PCI. However, its impact varied substantially by the patient background or indication of the procedure.


Assuntos
Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Idoso , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Doença Arterial Periférica/complicações , Doença Arterial Periférica/mortalidade , Sistema de Registros , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/patologia , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
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