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1.
Surg Today ; 52(1): 120-128, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34110488

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Clinical evidence demonstrating risk factors for anastomotic leakage including robotic staplers has remained limited, even though the use of robotic surgery has increased substantially. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of robotic staplers on symptomatic anastomotic leakage in robotic low anterior resection for rectal cancer. METHODS: A total of 427 consecutive patients with primary rectal cancer who underwent robotic low anterior resection without diverting stoma were investigated retrospectively. Symptomatic anastomotic leakage was defined as anastomotic leakage of Clavien-Dindo Grade ≥ II. We compared the symptomatic anastomotic leakage rates between manual and robotic staplers using propensity score matching and investigated the risk factors for symptomatic anastomotic leakage. RESULTS: After propensity score matching, 168 pairs of manual and robotic stapler cases were selected. The symptomatic anastomotic leakage rate was significantly higher for manual staplers (6.5%) than for robotic staplers (1.2%, p = 0.02). In a multivariate analysis, the use of a manual stapler (p = 0.04, OR 4.86, 95% CI 1.08-21.8) and anastomosis < 4 cm from the anal verge (p < 0.01, OR 4.36, 95% CI 1.48-12.9) were identified as independent risk factors for symptomatic anastomotic leakage. CONCLUSIONS: Robotic stapler use was associated with a significantly decreased rate of anastomotic leakage in robotic low anterior resection without diverting stoma for rectal cancer.


Assuntos
Fístula Anastomótica/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/métodos , Neoplasias Retais/secundário , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Grampeadores Cirúrgicos , Grampeamento Cirúrgico/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Anticancer Res ; 40(3): 1731-1737, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32132081

RESUMO

AIM: To compare the surgical outcomes of laparoscopic colectomy (LAC) with Japanese D3 dissection for descending colon cancer (DCC) with those of open colectomy (OC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seventy-two patients who underwent OC or LAC with D3 dissection for clinical stage II/III DCC between September 2002 and June 2019 were evaluated in terms of short-term outcomes. The long-term outcomes of the 59 patients who underwent surgery between September 2002 and June 2016 were evaluated. RESULTS: Twenty-six patients underwent OC and 46 patients underwent LAC. The blood loss was significantly less in the LAC group. The complication rate was similar in both groups. The rates of 5-year overall survival (95.8% in the OC group vs. 89.9% in the LAC group) and relapse-free survival (79.2% in the OC group vs. 82.1% in the LAC group) were similar in both groups. CONCLUSION: LAC is an acceptable treatment option for stage II/III DCC.


Assuntos
Colo Descendente/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 44(12): 1158-1160, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29394566

RESUMO

The patient was a 64-year-old man, who had undergone surgical resection for a right retroperitoneal giant tumor. The histopathological diagnosis was a well-differentiated liposarcoma. Two years and 4 months after the initial surgery, 3 recurrent lesions were found on the dorsal side of the colon hepatic flexure, and resection was performed. One year and 1 month after the secondary surgery, the tumor recurred again, and invaded the right abdominal wall and right transverse colon. Tumor was completely resected macroscopically. All resected tumors were well-differentiated liposarcoma. There have not been any signs of recurrence until 1 year and 6 months after the last operation. For retroperitoneal liposarcoma, complete surgical resection is the only established treatment, but the tumor often recurs. Aggressive resection against recurrent cases is known to contribute to life prognosis, but there is a possibility of the degeneration to a highly malignant dedifferentiated tumor while recurrence is repeated. Therefore, sufficient follow-up observation is needed.


Assuntos
Lipossarcoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/cirurgia , Humanos , Lipossarcoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 44(12): 1229-1231, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29394590

RESUMO

We examined short-term outcomes in 34 patients who had stenting as a bridge to surgery(BTS)for obstructive colorectal cancer during the 5-year period between April 2012 and March 2017.T he patients were 22 men and 12 women with a mean age of 72.6 years. Stenting and decompression were successful in all patients, and the mean time to oral intake after stenting was 2.5 days.No serious complications related to stenting occurred.Elective surgery could be performed in all patients after stenting.The mean number of days to surgery was 24.7 days.Laparoscopic surgery was performed in 14 patients.Postoperative complications included minor leakage in 1 patient, an abdominal wall abscess due to tumor invasion of the abdominal wall in 1 patient, and heart failure and pneumonia, as serious complications, in 1 patient each.Colorectal stenting in patients with obstructive colorectal cancer is a safe and relatively simple procedure.This is an effective treatment strategy in which preoperative colorectal decompression enables a one-stage resection.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/complicações , Obstrução Intestinal/etiologia , Stents , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Obstrução Intestinal/terapia , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 44(12): 1238-1240, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29394593

RESUMO

We clinically investigated 34 patients with obstructive colorectal cancer who underwent placement of a colonic stent as a bridge to surgery(BTS), focusing on endoscopic findings after stent placement.Twenty -nine patients(85.3%)underwent colonoscopy after stent placement, and the entire large intestine could be observed in 28(96.6%).Coexisting lesions were observed in 22(78.6%)of these 28 patients.The lesions comprised adenomatous polyps in 17 patients(60.7%), synchronous colon cancers in 5 patients(17.9%), and obstructive colitis in 3 patients(10.7%), with some overlapping cases.All patients with multiple cancers underwent one-stage surgery, and all lesions were excised at the same time.Colonoscopy after colonic stent placement is important for preoperative diagnosis of coexisting lesions and planning the extent of resection. These considerations support the utility of colonic stenting for BTS.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Obstrução Intestinal/cirurgia , Stents , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Colectomia , Colonoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Obstrução Intestinal/etiologia , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 43(12): 2231-2233, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28133279

RESUMO

We describe a 67-year-old man with long-term CR by S-1 chemotherapy for gastric cancer with para-aortic lymph node metastases after reduction surgery. The patient presented at our hospital with epigastric pain. He was diagnosed with gastric cancer with para-aortic lymph node metastases. We performed gastrectomy and D1 lymphadenectomy without any resection of the para-aortic lymph node metastases. We treated the patient with oral S-1 chemotherapy. The initial treatment schedule was 100mg/body/day, twice daily for 4weeks with 2weeks of rest. Grade 1 neutropenia developed at the end of the second course of treatment. The regimen was changed to 2 weeks of administration, with 1 week of rest. The para-aortic lymph node metastases immediately responded to the chemotherapy. Abdominal CT showed almost complete regression of the lymph node metastases 10 months postoperatively. The patient has received S-1 chemotherapy and remained in remission for more than 5 years 6 months.


Assuntos
Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Aorta/patologia , Ácido Oxônico/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Tegafur/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Combinação de Medicamentos , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Neoplasias Gástricas/irrigação sanguínea , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
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