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1.
Open Heart ; 8(1)2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33846222

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The current status of surgical treatment for infective endocarditis (IE) among very elderly people is unclear. METHODS: We extracted data on patients in Japan with community-acquired IE who were admitted and discharged between April 2010 and February 2018 using a nationwide inpatient, the Diagnosis Procedure Combination database. We divided patients into three groups: non-elderly (<65 years), elderly (65-79 years) and very elderly (≥80 years). A 1:1 propensity score matching was performed to compare proportions of surgical treatment and in-hospital mortality among the groups. RESULTS: We identified 20 667 eligible patients (median age 70 years, 61.0% men). The proportion of very elderly patients significantly increased (19.1% in 2010 to 29.7% in 2018). The proportion of surgical treatment was significantly lower, and in-hospital mortality was significantly higher in very elderly patients. This tendency was more pronounced among patients with in-hospital complications such as heart failure, stroke or embolism. Surgical treatment was significantly associated with lower in-hospital mortality even in very elderly patients, both in an unmatched (OR 0.61; 95% CI 0.47 to 0.78) and a propensity score matched cohort (OR 0.61; 95% CI 0.43 to 0.85). CONCLUSIONS: The proportion of very elderly patients with IE was increasing, and very elderly patients had higher in-hospital mortality. The proportion of surgical treatment for IE among very elderly patients was low, but it was associated with lower in-hospital mortality. Further studies are needed to establish the optimal strategy for IE among very elderly patients.

2.
Diabetes Obes Metab ; 23 Suppl 2: 19-27, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33835641

RESUMO

AIMS: To examine heart failure (HF) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) risks reduction associated with sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT-2i) compared to other glucose-lowering drugs (oGLD) in the early stage of type 2 diabetes patients without established cardiovascular or renal diseases (CVRD-free T2D). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed an observational cohort study using a Japanese hospital claims registry, Medical Data Vision. CVRD-free T2D patients were identified between 1 April 2014 and 30 September 2018. SGLT-2i and oGLD new users (and dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitors [DPP-4i] separately) were subjected to 1:1 propensity-score matching analysis. Hazard ratios (HRs) of cardiorenal disease (HF and/or CKD), HF, CKD, stroke, myocardial infarction (MI), and all-cause mortality, were estimated using unadjusted Cox regression. RESULTS: A total of 108 362 CVRD-free patients including 54 181 SGLT-2i and 54 181 oGLD users were matched. Baseline characteristics were well balanced (mean age 59.1 years, 63% male, and follow-up 1.50 years [162 970 patient-years]). Compared to oGLD group, SGLT-2i group had lower risk of cardiorenal disease, HF, CKD, stroke, and all-cause mortality with HRs (95% confidence intervals) 0.55 (0.49-0.61), 0.73 (0.61-0.87), 0.45 (0.39-0.52), 0.69 (0.59-0.81), and 0.52 (0.46-0.58), respectively, while no difference in MI. These were consistent in 1:1 propensity-score matching analysis between SGLT-2i and DPP-4i users (n = 17 232 in each group). CONCLUSIONS: In Japanese CVRD-free T2D patients, SGLT-2i initiation was associated with lower risk of cardiorenal diseases, stroke, and all-cause mortality compared to oGLD, suggesting preventive effect of SGLT-2i treatment in the early stage of T2D patients without CVRD manifestation.

3.
Int Heart J ; 62(2): 238-245, 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33731519

RESUMO

The effect of a history of cancer on the prognosis of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is poorly understood.From the Osaka Acute Coronary Insufficiency Study (OACIS) registry in Osaka, Japan, we enrolled the case data of a total of 3499 patients with AMI treated with PCI between 1998 and 2014, of whom 462 had a cancer history (cancer group, 13.2%) and 3037 did not (non-cancer group, 86.8%). All of the cases were followed for up to five years from discharge.The Kaplan-Meier curve and multivariate analysis using Cox proportional hazards models revealed that all-cause mortality was significantly higher in the cancer group than in the non-cancer group (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 2.43; P < 0.001). Deaths from cardiac, cancer, and other causes were treated as competing events, and competing analysis using the cumulative incidence function (CIF) and Fine-Gray model revealed that mortality due to cancer was higher in the cancer group than in the non-cancer group, whereas cardiac mortality was similar between the two groups. The incidences of cardiovascular events, including stroke, recurrent infarction, and heart failure requiring readmission, were also similar between the two groups, although the Kaplan-Meier analysis and univariate Cox proportional hazards model revealed that the incidence of stroke was higher in the cancer group than in the non-cancer group.A history of cancer increased all-cause and cancer mortality among patients with AMI treated with PCI, although it was not associated with cardiovascular events.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco/métodos , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia , Neoplasias/etiologia , Período Pós-Operatório , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
4.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 1910, 2021 03 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33771995

RESUMO

Cardiac arrhythmias are a primary contributor to sudden cardiac death, a major unmet medical need. Because right ventricular (RV) dysfunction increases the risk for sudden cardiac death, we examined responses to RV stress in mice. Among immune cells accumulated in the RV after pressure overload-induced by pulmonary artery banding, interfering with macrophages caused sudden death from severe arrhythmias. We show that cardiac macrophages crucially maintain cardiac impulse conduction by facilitating myocardial intercellular communication through gap junctions. Amphiregulin (AREG) produced by cardiac macrophages is a key mediator that controls connexin 43 phosphorylation and translocation in cardiomyocytes. Deletion of Areg from macrophages led to disorganization of gap junctions and, in turn, lethal arrhythmias during acute stresses, including RV pressure overload and ß-adrenergic receptor stimulation. These results suggest that AREG from cardiac resident macrophages is a critical regulator of cardiac impulse conduction and may be a useful therapeutic target for the prevention of sudden death.


Assuntos
Anfirregulina/fisiologia , Arritmias Cardíacas/complicações , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Macrófagos/fisiologia , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Anfirregulina/metabolismo , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Células Cultivadas , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/etiologia , Feminino , Junções Comunicantes/fisiologia , Células HeLa , Humanos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Miocárdio/citologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/citologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/fisiologia , Receptores Adrenérgicos beta/metabolismo
5.
Heart Vessels ; 2021 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33743047

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Japanese high-bleeding-risk criteria (Japanese-HBR), modified criteria of the Academic Research Consortium (ARC) HBR, has been recently proposed. We aimed to investigate the prevalence of the ARC-HBR and the Japanese-HBR, and to assess their prognostic significance in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS AND RESULTS: We applied the ARC-HBR and the Japanese-HBR criteria to the OACIS prospective multicenter acute myocardial infarction registry (12,093 patients, 66 ± 12 years, 9,096 males). The primary endpoint was fatal bleeding (BARC-5). Median follow-up duration was 4.84 [inter-quartile range 1.35, 5.01] years. Prevalence of the ARC-HBR was 43.8%, while that of the Japanese-HBR was 61.8%. Cumulative incidence of fatal bleeding was higher in the ARC-HBR group than in the no ARC-HBR group at 1 year (1.3 vs. 0.6%) and at 5 years (2.0 vs. 0.7%). The Kaplan-Meier curves stratified by the Japanese-HBR criteria more prominently diverged (1.3 vs. 0.2% at 1 year; and 1.9 vs. 0.3% at 5 years). The Japanese-HBR criteria showed superior discriminative performance over the ARC-HBR criteria (C-statistics: 0.677 vs. 0.598, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In the real-world Japanese AMI registry, nearly half of the patients fulfilled the criteria of ARC-HBR, and two-thirds met the Japanese-HBR. Our findings support the validity of both ARC- and Japanese-HBR criteria in AMI patients but encourage the future application of the Japanese-HBR criteria to the Japanese AMI cohort. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: UMIN000004575.

6.
Front Immunol ; 12: 630051, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33692803

RESUMO

Background: Little evidence has been presented about the association between previous atopic/allergic disease and graft rejection after solid organ transplantation. Thus, we present a case wherein acute cellular rejection (ACR) after heart transplantation (HTx) was noted along with exacerbation of atopic disease. Case Summary: A 32-year-old man was admitted at our hospital for regular monitoring of graft rejection. He had undergone heart transplant 3 years prior due to dilated cardiomyopathy. Echocardiogram revealed good biventricular function, and no abnormal findings were found in blood sampling tests. However, biopsy showed moderate ACR [Grade 2R(ISHLT 2004)/3A(ISHLT 1990)], which required twice-repeated steroid pulses with intensified immunosuppression. Meanwhile, his atopic dermatitis, which was diagnosed before having heart failure, was getting worse for the past 6 months. The exacerbation of atopic dermatitis was presumed to be related to the development of the intractable cellular rejection. Discussion: This case suggested the association of atopic disease and graft rejection after HTx. We examined 76 patients from a cohort of previous studies who underwent HTx at our hospital, which suggested that patients with atopic/allergic disorders such as atopic dermatitis and asthma tended to have a significantly higher frequency of moderate rejection than non-allergic patients. (p = 0.012; Fisher's exact test). Our case also suggests that exacerbation of atopic dermatitis might cause graft rejection of the transplanted organ, so that it is important to carefully evaluate the risk of graft rejection if there is a previous history of atopic/allergic disease.

7.
Eur Heart J ; 42(9): 919-933, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33532862

RESUMO

AIMS: While most patients with myocardial infarction (MI) have underlying coronary atherosclerosis, not all patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) develop MI. We sought to address the hypothesis that some of the genetic factors which establish atherosclerosis may be distinct from those that predispose to vulnerable plaques and thrombus formation. METHODS AND RESULTS: We carried out a genome-wide association study for MI in the UK Biobank (n∼472 000), followed by a meta-analysis with summary statistics from the CARDIoGRAMplusC4D Consortium (n∼167 000). Multiple independent replication analyses and functional approaches were used to prioritize loci and evaluate positional candidate genes. Eight novel regions were identified for MI at the genome wide significance level, of which effect sizes at six loci were more robust for MI than for CAD without the presence of MI. Confirmatory evidence for association of a locus on chromosome 1p21.3 harbouring choline-like transporter 3 (SLC44A3) with MI in the context of CAD, but not with coronary atherosclerosis itself, was obtained in Biobank Japan (n∼165 000) and 16 independent angiography-based cohorts (n∼27 000). Follow-up analyses did not reveal association of the SLC44A3 locus with CAD risk factors, biomarkers of coagulation, other thrombotic diseases, or plasma levels of a broad array of metabolites, including choline, trimethylamine N-oxide, and betaine. However, aortic expression of SLC44A3 was increased in carriers of the MI risk allele at chromosome 1p21.3, increased in ischaemic (vs. non-diseased) coronary arteries, up-regulated in human aortic endothelial cells treated with interleukin-1ß (vs. vehicle), and associated with smooth muscle cell migration in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: A large-scale analysis comprising ∼831 000 subjects revealed novel genetic determinants of MI and implicated SLC44A3 in the pathophysiology of vulnerable plaques.

8.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 3426, 2021 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33564089

RESUMO

Most seven transmembrane receptors (7TMRs) are G protein-coupled receptors; however, some 7TMRs evoke intracellular signals through ß-arrestin as a biased receptor. As several ß-arrestin-biased agonists have been reported to be cardioprotective, we examined the role of the chemokine receptor CXCR7 as a ß-arrestin-biased receptor in the heart. Among 510 7TMR genes examined, Cxcr7 was the most abundantly expressed in the murine heart. Single-cell RNA-sequencing analysis revealed that Cxcr7 was abundantly expressed in cardiomyocytes and fibroblasts. Cardiomyocyte-specific Cxcr7 null mice showed more prominent cardiac dilatation and dysfunction than control mice 4 weeks after myocardial infarction. In contrast, there was no difference in cardiac phenotypes between fibroblast-specific Cxcr7-knockout mice and control mice even after myocardial infarction. TC14012, a specific agonist of CXCR7, significantly recruited ß-arrestin to CXCR7 in CXCR7-expressing cells and activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. Cxcr7 expression was significantly increased and ERK was activated in the border zone of the heart in control, but not Cxcr7 null mice. These results indicate that the abundantly expressed CXCR7 in cardiomyocytes may play a protective role in the heart as a ß-arrestin-biased receptor and that CXCR7 may be a novel therapeutic target for myocardial infarction.

9.
Int Heart J ; 62(1): 4-8, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33518664

RESUMO

Functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) frequently coexists with left ventricular systolic dysfunction and advanced heart failure, and typically has poor clinical outcomes. Although various therapeutic options including cardiac resynchronization therapy and surgical mitral intervention, have been proposed, an optimal treatment strategy for functional mitral regurgitation has not yet been established. Over the last decade, transcatheter mitral valve repair using MitraClip has emerged as a novel alternative therapeutic option for functional mitral regurgitation. In 2018, the COAPT trial demonstrated that MitraClip treatment reduced rehospitalization due to heart failure and all-cause death in patients with functional mitral regurgitation and heart failure. As a consequence, the MitraClip has become a very promising potential treatment for functional mitral regurgitation. In this review, we discuss and summarize the current status and future perspectives of the treatment for functional mitral regurgitation and heart failure.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Humanos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/complicações
10.
Circ J ; 2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33551397

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity and metabolic disorders frequently coexist, and both are established risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Although the phenotype of obesity without metabolic disorders, referred to as metabolically healthy obesity (MHO), is attracting clinical interest, the pathophysiological impact of MHO remains unclear.Methods and Results:Using the Japan Medical Data Center database, we studied 802,288 subjects aged ≥20 years without any metabolic disorders or a prior history of CVD. MHO, defined as obesity (body mass index ≥25 kg/m2) with no metabolic disorders, was observed in 9.8% of the study population. The subjects' mean (±SD) age was 42.8±9.4 years and 44.7% were men. The mean follow-up period was 1,126±849 days. Multivariable Cox regression analysis showed that MHO alone did not significantly increase the risk of any CVD. However, abdominal obesity alone increased the risk of heart failure and atrial fibrillation. Moreover, the coexistence of MHO and abdominal obesity increased the risk of myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, heart failure, and atrial fibrillation. The incidence of stroke was not associated with the presence of MHO and abdominal obesity. CONCLUSIONS: Among individuals with no metabolic disorders, MHO alone did not significantly increase the subsequent CVD risk. However, individuals with comorbid MHO and abdominal obesity had a higher risk of myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, heart failure, and atrial fibrillation, suggesting the prognostic importance of abdominal obesity in subjects with MHO.

11.
Atherosclerosis ; 320: 79-85, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33581389

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Epidemiological evidence on the relationship between eating behaviors, including breakfast skipping, late night dinner, and bedtime snacking, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) events among the general population is scarce. We sought to explore the association of eating behaviors with subsequent CVD using a nationwide epidemiological database. METHODS AND RESULTS: Medical records of 1,941,125 individuals without prior history of CVD were extracted from the Japan Medical Data Center contracting with more than 60 insurers from multiple regions in Japan, mainly including employed working-age individuals. Skipping breakfast <3 times per week, late night dinner <3 times per week, and bedtime snacking <3 times per week were defined as optimal eating behaviors. Median age was 45 (interquartile range 39-53) years, and 1,138,676 were men. Median follow-up period was 978 (interquartile range 481-1790) days. Among them, 948,805 individuals (48.9%) had optimal eating behaviors, whereas 647,383 individuals (33.4%), 283,017 individuals (14.6%), and 61,920 individuals (3.2%) had single, double, and triple non-optimal eating behaviors, respectively. Individuals with non-optimal eating behaviors were younger and more likely to be men. Obesity and high waist circumference were more commonly observed in those with non-optimal eating behaviors. Multivariable Cox regression analysis showed that, compared with no non-optimal eating behavior, having non-optimal eating behaviors would have higher risk of myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, stroke, and heart failure. However, the dose-response relationship was not clear in the association between the number of non-optimal eating behaviors and incident CVD. Multivariable Cox regression analysis after multiple imputation for missing values also showed the association between non-optimal eating behaviors and incident CVD. CONCLUSIONS: Using a nationwide epidemiological database, we found a possible relationship between eating behaviors including skipping breakfast, late night dinner, and bedtime snacking, and subsequent cardiovascular events among the general population, suggesting the potential importance of maintaining optimal eating behaviors for the primordial and primary CVD prevention in the general population.

12.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 239, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33420237

RESUMO

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is sometimes considered as an alternative therapeutic strategy to surgical revascularization in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). However, the types or conditions of patients that receive the clinical benefit of left ventricular reverse remodelling (LVRR) remain unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the determinants of LVRR following PCI in CAD patients with reduced LVEF. From 4394 consecutive patients who underwent PCI, a total of 286 patients with reduced LV systolic function (LVEF < 50% at initial left ventriculography) were included in the analysis. LVRR was defined as LV end-systolic volume reduction ≥ 15% and improvement of LVEF ≥ 10% at 6 months follow-up left ventriculography. Patients were divided into LVRR (n = 63) and non-LVRR (n = 223) groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that unprotected left main coronary artery (LMCA) intervention was significantly associated with LVRR (P = 0.007, odds ratios [OR] 4.70, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.54-14.38), while prior PCI (P = 0.001, OR 0.35, 95% CI 0.19-0.66), presence of in-stent restenosis (P = 0.016, OR 0.32, 95% CI 0.12-0.81), and presence of de-novo stenosis (P = 0.038, OR 0.36, 95% CI 0.14-0.95) were negatively associated with LVRR. These data suggest the potential prognostic benefit of unprotected LMCA intervention for LVRR and importance of angiographic follow-up in patients with CAD and LV systolic dysfunction.

13.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 20(1): 22, 2021 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33478525

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Insulin resistance carries increased risk of heart failure, although the pathophysiological mechanisms remain unclear. LV global longitudinal strain (LVGLS) assessed by speckle-tracking echocardiography has emerged as an important tool to detect early LV systolic abnormalities. This study aimed to investigate the association between insulin resistance and subclinical left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in a sample of the general population without overt cardiac disease. METHODS: We investigated 539 participants who voluntarily underwent extensive cardiovascular health check including laboratory test and speckle-tracking echocardiography. Glycemic profiles were categorized into 3 groups according to homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR): absence of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR < 1.5), presence of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR ≥ 1.5) and diabetes mellitus (DM). Multivariable logistic regression models were conducted to evaluate the association between abnormal glucose metabolism and impaired LVGLS (> - 16.65%). RESULTS: Forty-five (8.3%) participants had DM and 66 (12.2%) had abnormal HOMA-IR. LV mass index and E/e' ratio did not differ between participants with and without abnormal HOMA-IR, whereas abnormal HOMA-IR group had significantly decreased LVGLS (- 17.6 ± 2.6% vs. - 19.7 ± 3.1%, p < 0.05). The prevalence of impaired LVGLS was higher in abnormal HOMA-IR group compared with normal HOMA-IR group (42.4% vs. 14.0%) and similar to that of DM (48.9%). In multivariable analyses, glycemic abnormalities were significantly associated with impaired LVGLS, independent of traditional cardiovascular risk factors and pertinent laboratory and echocardiographic parameters [adjusted odds ratio (OR) 2.38, p = 0.007 for abnormal HOMA-IR; adjusted OR 3.02, p = 0.003 for DM]. The independent association persisted even after adjustment for waist circumference as a marker of abdominal adiposity. Sub-group analyses stratified by body mass index showed significant association between abnormal HOMA-IR and impaired LVGLS in normal weight individuals (adjusted OR 4.59, p = 0.001), but not in overweight/obese individuals (adjusted OR 1.62, p = 0.300). CONCLUSIONS: In the general population without overt cardiac disease, insulin resistance carries independent risk for subclinical LV dysfunction, especially in normal weight individuals.

14.
Am J Cardiol ; 144: 137-142, 2021 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33385349

RESUMO

Although higher body mass index (BMI) is associated with adverse left ventricular morphology and functional remodeling, its possible association with right ventricular (RV) dysfunction has not been extensively evaluated. RV free wall longitudinal strain (RVLS) is emerging as an important tool to detect early RV dysfunction. This study aimed to investigate the independent effect of increased BMI on RVLS in a large sample of the general population without overt cardiac disease. We examined 1,085 participants (603 men, mean age 62 years) who voluntarily underwent an extensive cardiovascular health check-up. This included laboratory tests and speckle-tracking echocardiography to assess RVLS. The association between BMI and RVLS was determined by logistic regression analyses. The prevalence of abnormal RVLS (>-19.2%) was greatest in obese individuals (29.7%), followed by overweight (16.3%), and normal weight (10.6%, p <0.001). In multivariable analyses, BMI was significantly associated with abnormal RVLS (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 1.07 per 1 kg/m2, p = 0.033) independent of traditional cardiovascular risk factors, pertinent laboratory and echocardiographic parameters including RV size and pulmonary artery systolic pressure. In subgroup analyses, BMI was significantly associated with abnormal RVLS in men (adjusted OR 1.10 per 1 kg/m2, p = 0.032) and younger (<65 years) participants (adjusted OR 1.13 per 1 kg/m2, p = 0.011), but not in women and the elderly. In a sample of the general population, higher BMI was independently associated with subclinical RV dysfunction. Furthermore, an increased BMI may carry different risk for impaired RVLS depending on the age and sex.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/epidemiologia , Função Ventricular Direita , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Fatores Sexuais , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/diagnóstico por imagem
15.
Am J Cardiol ; 145: 85-90, 2021 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33454342

RESUMO

Extensive data on early nutrition support for patients requiring critical care are available. However, whether early initiation of feeding could be beneficial for patients hospitalized for acute heart failure (HF) remains unclear. We sought to compare outcomes of early and delayed initiation of feeding for hospitalized patients with acute HF using a nationwide inpatient database. We retrospectively analyzed data from the Diagnosis Procedure Combination database. We included patients hospitalized for HF between January 2010 and March 2018. We excluded patients with length of hospital stay ≤2 days, those patients who underwent major procedures under general anesthesia, and those requiring advanced mechanical supports within 2 days after admission including intubation, intra-aortic balloon pumping, and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Propensity score matching and instrumental variable analyses were conducted to compare in-hospital mortality, complications and length of stay between the early and delayed feeding groups. Among 432,620 eligible patients, 403,442 patients (93%) received early initiation of feeding (within 2 days after admission) and 29,178 patients (7%) received delayed initiation of feeding. Propensity score matching created 29,153 pairs and delayed initiation of feeding was associated with higher in-hospital mortality (odds ratio 1.32; 95% confidence interval 1.26 to 1.39), longer hospital stay and higher incidence of pneumonia and sepsis. The instrumental variable analysis also showed patients with delayed initiation of feeding had higher in-hospital mortality (odds ratio 1.34; 95% confidence interval 1.28 to 1.40). In conclusion, our analysis suggested a potential benefit of early initiation of feeding for in-hospital outcomes in hospitalized patients hospitalized for acute HF. Further investigations are required to confirm our results and to clarify the underlying mechanisms.

16.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 21(1): 49, 2021 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33494701

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hospital volume is known to be associated with outcomes of patients requiring complicated medical care. However, the relationship between hospital volume and prognosis of hospitalized patients with heart failure (HF) remains not fully understood. We aimed to clarify the impact of hospital volume on clinical outcomes of hospitalized HF patients using a nationwide inpatient database. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 447,818 hospitalized HF patients who were admitted from January 2010 and discharged until March 2018 included in the Japanese Diagnosis Procedure Combination database. According to the number of patients, patients were categorized into three groups; those treated in low-, medium-, and high-volume centers. The median age was 81 years and 238,192 patients (53%) were men. Patients who had New York Heart Association class IV symptom and requiring inotropic agent within two days were more common in high volume centers than in low volume centers. Respiratory support, hemodialysis, and intra-aortic balloon pumping were more frequently performed in high volume centers. As a result, length of hospital stay was shorter, and in-hospital mortality was lower in high volume centers. Lower in-hospital mortality was associated with higher hospital volume. Multivariable logistic regression analysis fitted with generalized estimating equation indicated that medium-volume group (Odds ratio 0.91, p = 0.035) and high-volume group (Odds ratio 0.86, p = 0.004) had lower in-hospital mortality compared to the low-volume group. Subgroup analysis showed that this association between hospital volume and in-hospital mortality among overall population was seen in all subgroups according to age, presence of chronic renal failure, and New York Heart Association class. CONCLUSION: Hospital volume was independently associated with ameliorated clinical outcomes of hospitalized patients with HF.

17.
Int Heart J ; 62(1): 95-103, 2021 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33455980

RESUMO

Enlargement of the mitral valve (MV) has gained attention as a compensatory mechanism for functional mitral regurgitation (FMR). We aimed to determine if MV leaflet area is associated with MV coaptation-zone area and identify the clinical factors associated with MV leaflet size and coaptation-zone area in patients with normal left ventricle (LV) systolic function and size using real-time 3D echocardiography (RT3DE).We performed RT3DE in 135 patients with normal LV size and ejection fraction. MV leaflet and coaptation-zone areas were measured using custom 3D software. The clinical factors associated with MV leaflet and coaptation-zone areas were evaluated using univariate and multivariate linear regression analyses.There was a significant relationship between MV leaflet and coaptation-zone areas (r = 0.499, P < 0.001). MV leaflet area was strongly associated with body surface area (BSA) (r = 0.905, P < 0.001) rather than LV size and age. MV leaflet area/BSA was independently associated with male gender (P = 0.002), lower diastolic blood pressure (P = 0.042), and LV end-diastolic volume (LVEDV) index (P = 0.048); MV coaptation-zone area/BSA was independently associated with lower LVEDV index (P = 0.01).In patients with normal LV systolic function and size, MV leaflet size has a significant impact on competent MV coaptation. MV leaflet area might be intrinsically determined by body size rather than age and LV size, and the MV leaflet area/BSA is relatively constant. On the other hand, some clinical factors might also influence MV leaflet and coaptation-zone area.


Assuntos
Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Idoso , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Ecocardiografia Tridimensional/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores Sexuais , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Sístole
18.
Atherosclerosis ; 319: 35-41, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33465660

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Using a nationwide epidemiological database, we aimed to clarify the association of fasting plasma glucose (FPG) with subsequent cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk among young adults. METHODS AND RESULTS: Medical records of 1,180,062 young adults (20-49 years old) without a prior history of CVD and who were not taking antidiabetic medications were extracted from the Japan Medical Data Center. We categorized the study population into four groups: normal, FPG level<100 mg/dL (1,007,747 individuals), normal-high, FPG level of 100-109 mg/dL (126,602 individuals), impaired fasting glucose (IFG), FPG level of 110-125 mg/dL (32,451 individuals), and diabetes mellitus (DM), FPG level ≥126 mg/dL (13,262 individuals). The mean age was 39.7 ± 6.9 years, and 57.0% of the study population were men. Mean follow-up period was 1201 ± 905 days on average. Multivariable Cox regression analysis showed that IFG (hazard ratio [HR]; 1.38) and DM (HR; 2.09) increased the risk of myocardial infarction. Normal-high (HR; 1.11), IFG (HR; 1.18), and DM (HR; 1.59) groups had an elevated angina pectoris risk. DM (HR; 1.31) increased the risk of stroke compared to normal FPG levels. Normal-high levels (HR; 1.10), IFG (HR; 1.22) and DM (HR; 1.58) elevated the risk of heart failure. DM (HR; 1.69) increased the risk of atrial fibrillation. CONCLUSIONS: Our analysis of a nationwide epidemiological database demonstrated a close association of the FPG category with subsequent CVD risk. Our results exemplify the importance of optimal FPG maintenance for the primary prevention of CVD in young adults.

19.
ASAIO J ; 2021 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33470633

RESUMO

Carbon monoxide diffusion capacity (DLCO) is impaired in heart failure patients; however, its clinical impact has not been well investigated in the left ventricular assist device (LVAD) population. We explored the predictive value of preoperative DLCO in the survival and cardiac readmission rates after LVAD implantation. Seventy-six patients who received continuous-flow LVAD as bridge-to-transplant therapy from November 2007 to September 2018 and underwent pulmonary function test before LVAD implantation were included. The primary study endpoints were death and readmission for heart failure or arrhythmia (cardiac readmission). Patients were stratified into two groups according to the percent of predicted DLCO (%DLCO). Pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) was equivocal between the groups preoperatively, whereas the low DLCO group (%DLCO < 80%) showed significantly high PVR postoperatively. The mortality rate was not different between the groups. The 2 year cardiac readmission rate was 33.5% in the low DLCO group and 8.7% in the high DLCO group (%DLCO ≥ 80%) (P = 0.028). The %DLCO was associated with cardiac readmission in univariate and multivariate analyses (hazard ratio: 4.32; 95% CI: 1.50-15.9; P = 0.005). Low %DLCO was associated with high PVR postoperatively and was a risk factor for cardiac readmission after LVAD implantation.

20.
Am J Cardiol ; 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33301771

RESUMO

Epidemiological evidence on the relationship between lipid profile and cardiovascular disease (CVD) events in young adults remains insufficient. Thus, we sought to explore the association of lipid profile with subsequent CVD among young adults. Medical records of 1,451,997 young adults (20-49 years old) without prior history of CVD and not taking lipid lowering medications were extracted from the Japan Medical Data Center, a nationwide epidemiological database. We conducted multivariable Cox regression analyses to identify the association between lipid profile and the subsequent risk of CVD and used multiple imputation for missing data on body mass index, waist circumference, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and cigarette smoking in our database. The mean age was 39.0±7.4 years, and 58.5% were men. After a mean follow-up of 1,148 ± 893 days, myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, stroke, and heart failure developed in 1,638 (0.1%), 15,887 (1.1%), 5,593 (0.4%), and 14,351 (1.0%) individuals, respectively. Multivariable Cox regression analyses including covariates after multiple imputation for missing values demonstrated that LDL-C ≥ 140 mg/dL, HDL-C < 40 mg/dL, and triglycerides ≥ 150 mg/dL were independently associated with the incidence of myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, and heart failure. However, they were not associated with the incidence of stroke. Multivariable Cox regression analyses including the number of abnormal lipid profiles and covariates showed that the incidence of myocardial infarction, angina, and heart failure increased stepwise with the number of abnormal lipid profiles. However, the number of abnormal lipid profiles was not associated with the subsequent risk of stroke. In conclusion, the comprehensive analysis of a nationwide epidemiological database demonstrated a close relationship between lipid profile and subsequent CVD, suggesting the importance of maintaining an optimal lipid profile for the primary prevention of CVD in young generations.

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