Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 558
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32146494

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to clarify the effect of the spore-forming and lactic acid-producing probiotic strain, Bacillus coagulans SANK 70258, on human colonic microbiota of healthy subjects and ulcerative colitis patients. A model culture system was employed to construct the in vitro human colonic microbiota, to retain the bacterial species richness and simulate the patient's disordered composition, from the fecal inoculum. Bacterial 16S rRNA gene sequencing confirmed that administration of B. coagulans SANK 70258 (at an initial concentration of 4 × 107-total cells/mL) suppressed bacteria related to the family Enterobacteriaceae in the microbiota models for both healthy subjects (P = 0.016) and ulcerative colitis patients (P = 0.023). In addition, administration of B. coagulans SANK 70258 increased bacteria related to the family Lachnospiraceae (P = 0.031), thereby enhancing butyrate production (P = 0.031) in the microbiota models of healthy subjects. However, these changes were not observed in the microbiota models of ulcerative colitis patients, likely owing to the low abundance of Lachnospiraceae species. This study demonstrates the potential of B. coagulans SANK 70258 to exhibit antimicrobial activity against harmful organisms in patients with ulcerative colitis, while improving the intestinal microenvironment by increasing butyrogenesis in healthy persons. KEY POINTS: • B. coagulans SANK 70258 treatment reduced colonic Enterobacteriaceae species. • B. coagulans SANK 70258 treatment enhanced butyrogenesis in healthy individuals. • B. coagulans SANK 70258 treatment increased Lachnospiraceae in healthy persons. • B. coagulans SANK 70258 improves the colonic microenvironment in ulcerative colitis.

3.
Biotechnol Bioeng ; 2020 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32129469

RESUMO

Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803, a cyanobacterium widely used for basic research, is often cultivated in a synthetic medium, BG-11, in the presence of 4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-piperazine ethanesulfonic acid (HEPES) or 2-[[1,3-dihydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)propan-2-yl]amino]ethanesulfonic acid buffer. Owing to the high cost of HEPES buffer (96.9% of the total cost of BG-11 medium), the biotechnological application of BG-11 is limited. In this study, we cultured Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 cells in BG-11 medium without HEPES buffer and examined the effects on the primary metabolism. Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 cells could grow in BG-11 medium without HEPES buffer after adjusting for nitrogen sources and light intensity; the production rate reached 0.54 g cell dry weight·L-1 ·day-1 , exceeding that of commercial cyanobacteria and Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 cells cultivated under other conditions. The exclusion of HEPES buffer markedly altered the metabolites in the central carbon metabolism; particularly, the levels of compatible solutes, such as sucrose, glucosylglycerol, and glutamate were increased. Although the accumulation of sucrose and glucosylglycerol under high salt conditions is antagonistic to each other, these metabolites accumulated simultaneously in cells grown in the cost-effective medium. Because these metabolites are used in industrial feedstocks, our results reveal the importance of medium composition for the production of metabolites using cyanobacteria.

4.
ACS Synth Biol ; 2020 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32202411

RESUMO

Controlling the carbon flux into a desired pathway is important for improving product yield in metabolic engineering. After entering a cell, glucose is channeled into glycolysis and the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP), which decreases the yield of target products whose synthesis relies on NADPH as a cofactor. Here, we demonstrate redirection of carbon flux into PPP under aerobic conditions in Corynebacterium glutamicum, achieved by replacing the promoter of glucose 6-phosphate isomerase gene (pgi) with an anaerobic-specific promoter of the lactate dehydrogenase gene (ldhA). The promoter replacement increased the split ratio of carbon flux into PPP from 39 to 83% under aerobic conditions. The titer, yield, and production rate of 1,5-diaminopentane, whose synthesis requires NADPH as a cofactor, were increased by 4.6-, 4.4-, and 2.6-fold, respectively. This is the largest improvement in the production of 1,5-diaminopentane or its precursor, lysine, reported to date. After aerobic cell growth, pgi expression was automatically induced under anaerobic conditions, altering the carbon flux from PPP to glycolysis, to produce succinate in a single metabolically engineered strain. Such an automatic redirection of metabolic pathway using an oxygen-responsive switch enables two-stage fermentation for efficient production of two different compounds by a single strain, potentially reducing the production costs and time for practical applications.

5.
J Chem Inf Model ; 60(3): 1833-1843, 2020 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32053362

RESUMO

Unannotated gene sequences in databases are increasing due to sequencing advances. Therefore, computational methods to predict functions of unannotated genes are needed. Moreover, novel enzyme discovery for metabolic engineering applications further encourages annotation of sequences. Here, enzyme functions are predicted using two general approaches, each including several machine learning algorithms. First, Enzyme-models (E-models) predict Enzyme Commission (EC) numbers from amino acid sequence information. Second, Substrate-Enzyme models (SE-models) are built to predict substrates of enzymatic reactions together with EC numbers, and Substrate-Enzyme-Product models (SEP-models) are built to predict substrates, products, and EC numbers. While accuracy of E-models is not optimal, SE-models and SEP-models predict EC numbers and reactions with high accuracy using all tested machine learning-based methods. For example, a single Random Forests-based SEP-model predicts EC first digits with an Average AUC score of over 0.94. Various metrics indicate that the current strategy of combining sequence and chemical structure information is effective at improving enzyme reaction prediction.

6.
Epileptic Disord ; 22(1): 55-65, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32031536

RESUMO

We examined the clinical, semiological, scalp EEG, and neuropsychological features of patients with "pure" neocortical temporal lobe epilepsy (NTLE) who were successfully treated by neocortical temporal resection sparing the mesial temporal structures. This retrospective study included 17 patients with lesional NTLE who satisfied the following criteria: presence of a discrete structural lesion in the lateral temporal lobe on preoperative MRI; lateral temporal resection sparing the mesial temporal structures; follow-up for at least two years after surgery; and favourable postoperative seizure outcome (Engel Class I). The study included 10 females and seven males, and the age at surgery ranged from 15 to 48 years (mean: 30.7 years). Auras, video-recorded seizure semiology, interictal and ictal EEG, and pre- and post-operative neuropsychological data were reviewed. Twenty patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) with hippocampal sclerosis, who had a favourable postoperative seizure outcome (Engel Class I), were selected as a control group. Age at seizure onset was significantly greater in patients with NTLE than in controls. A history of febrile convulsion was significantly less frequent in NTLE patients. Epigastric ascending sensation (6% versus 40%; p=0.017), oral automatisms (29% versus 80%; p=0.003), gestural automatisms (47% versus 80%; p=0.047), and dystonic posturing (0% versus 40%; p=0.003) were significantly less frequent in NTLE than controls. Ictal unitemporal rhythmic theta activity was also significantly less frequent in NTLE than controls (35.3% versus 75%; p=0.015). Preoperative IQ score (range: 68 to 114; mean: 88.9) and preoperative memory quotient score (range: 56-122; mean: 98.1) were significantly higher in NTLE (p=0.003 and p=0.048, respectively). There were notable differences in clinical, semiological, EEG, and neuropsychological features between "pure" NTLE and MTLE. These findings may be useful to identify the epileptogenic zone.

7.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 1037, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32080173

RESUMO

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

8.
ACS Synth Biol ; 9(2): 260-268, 2020 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32004431

RESUMO

d-Lactate is one of the most valuable compounds for manufacturing biobased polymers. Here, we have investigated the significance of endogenous malate dehydrogenase (decarboxylating) (malic enzyme, ME), which catalyzes the oxidative decarboxylation of malate to pyruvate, in d-lactate biosynthesis in the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC6803. d-Lactate levels were increased by 2-fold in ME-overexpressing strains, while levels in ME-deficient strains were almost equivalent to those in the host strain. Dynamic metabolomics revealed that overexpression of ME led to increased turnover rates in malate and pyruvate metabolism; in contrast, deletion of ME resulted in increased pool sizes of glycolytic intermediates, probably due to sequential feedback inhibition, initially triggered by malate accumulation. Finally, both the loss of the acetate kinase gene and overexpression of endogenous d-lactate dehydrogenase, concurrent with ME overexpression, resulted in the highest production of d-lactate (26.6 g/L) with an initial cell concentration of 75 g-DCW/L after 72 h fermentation.

9.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 279, 2020 01 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31937786

RESUMO

Glucose and xylose are the major components of lignocellulose. Effective utilization of both sugars can improve the efficiency of bioproduction. Here, we report a method termed parallel metabolic pathway engineering (PMPE) for producing shikimate pathway derivatives from glucose-xylose co-substrate. In this method, we seek to use glucose mainly for target chemical production, and xylose for supplying essential metabolites for cell growth. Glycolysis and the pentose phosphate pathway are completely separated from the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle. To recover cell growth, we introduce a xylose catabolic pathway that directly flows into the TCA cycle. As a result, we can produce 4.09 g L-1 cis,cis-muconic acid using the PMPE Escherichia coli strain with high yield (0.31 g g-1 of glucose) and produce L-tyrosine with 64% of the theoretical yield. The PMPE strategy can contribute to the development of clean processes for producing various valuable chemicals from lignocellulosic resources.

10.
Metab Eng ; 57: 110-117, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715252

RESUMO

The yeast cell surface provides space to display functional proteins. Heterologous proteins can be covalently anchored to the yeast cell wall by fusing them with the anchoring domain of glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored cell wall proteins (GPI-CWPs). In the yeast cell-surface display system, the anchorage position of the target protein in the cell wall is an important factor that maximizes the capabilities of engineered yeast cells because the yeast cell wall consists of a 100- to 200-nm-thick microfibrillar array of glucan chains. However, knowledge is limited regarding the anchorage position of GPI-attached proteins in the yeast cell wall. Here, we report a comparative study on the effect of GPI-anchoring domain-heterologous protein fusions on yeast cell wall localization. GPI-anchoring domains derived from well-characterized GPI-CWPs, namely Sed1p and Sag1p, were used for the cell-surface display of heterologous proteins in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Immunoelectron-microscopic analysis of enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP)-displaying cells revealed that the anchorage position of the GPI-attached protein in the cell wall could be controlled by changing the fused anchoring domain. eGFP fused with the Sed1-anchoring domain predominantly localized to the external surface of the cell wall, whereas the anchorage position of eGFP fused with the Sag1-anchoring domain was mainly inside the cell wall. We also demonstrate the application of the anchorage position control technique to improve the cellulolytic ability of cellulase-displaying yeast. The ethanol titer during the simultaneous saccharification and fermentation of hydrothermally-processed rice straw was improved by 30% after repositioning the exo- and endo-cellulases using Sed1- and Sag1-anchor domains. This novel anchorage position control strategy will enable the efficient utilization of the cell wall space in various fields of yeast cell-surface display technology.

11.
J Biosci Bioeng ; 129(1): 99-103, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31320263

RESUMO

Bioamination methods using microorganisms have attracted much attention because of the increasing demand for environmentally friendly bioprocesses. n-Butylamine production from glucose in Escherichia coli was demonstrated in this study, which has never been reported because of the absence of n-butylamine-producing pathway in nature. We focused on a transaminase-mediated cascade for bioamination from an alcohol or aldehyde. The cascade can convert an alcohol or an aldehyde to the corresponding amine with l-alanine as an amine donor. Here, n-butyraldehyde, which is a metabolic intermediate in the n-butanol producing pathway, is a potential intermediate for producing n-butylamine using this cascade. Hence, the n-butanol-producing pathway and the transaminase-mediated cascade were combined into a synthetic metabolic pathway for producing n-butylamine from glucose. Firstly, we demonstrated the conversion of n-butanol to n-butylamine using a three enzyme-mediated cascade. n-Butanol was successfully converted to n-butylamine in 92% yield in the presence of l-alanine and ammonium chloride. Then, the n-butanol-producing pathway and transaminase-mediated cascade were introduced into E. coli. Using this system, n-butylamine was successfully produced from glucose as a carbon source at a concentration of 53.2 mg L-1 after 96 h cultivation using a ppc (phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase)-deficient strain. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of the direct production of n-butylamine from glucose, and may provide a starting point for the development of microbial methods to produce other bioamines.

12.
Trends Biotechnol ; 38(1): 68-82, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31473013

RESUMO

Metabolomics is a powerful tool to rationally guide the metabolic engineering of synthetic bioproduction pathways. Current reports indicate great potential to further develop metabolomics-directed synthetic bioproduction. Advanced mass metabolomics methods including isotope flux analysis, untargeted metabolomics, and system-wide approaches are assisting the characterization of metabolic pathways and enabling the biosynthesis of more complex products. More importantly, a design, build, test, and learn (DBTL) cycle is accelerating synthetic biology research and is highly compatible with metabolomics data to further expand bioproduction capability. However, learning processes are currently the weakest link in this workflow. Therefore, guidelines for the development of metabolic learning processes are proposed based on bioproduction examples. Linking dynamic mass spectrometry (MS) methodologies together with automated learning workflows is encouraged.

13.
J Rural Med ; 14(2): 222-225, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31788146

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to retrospectively determine which laboratory data on arrival for patients with mamushi bites was useful to predict the severity of mamushi bites. Materials and Methods: The subjects were divided into the following two groups: the mild group included subjects with mamushi bites Grades I and II, while the severe group included subjects with mamushi bites Grades III, IV, and V. The subjects' variables were compared between the two groups. Results: There were no significant differences between the two groups regarding the levels of hematocrit, total protein, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, creatinine phosphokinase, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, and international normalized ratio of prothrombin time on arrival. Moreover, white blood cell count and platelet count on arrival in the mild group were significantly lower than those in the severe group. Furthermore, activated partial thromboplastin time on arrival was significantly higher in the mild group than in the severe group. Multivariate analysis using white blood cell count and platelet count and level of activated partial thromboplastin time revealed the following significant prognostic indicators of severity of mamushi bites: white blood cell count (Log Worth, 2.1; p<0.01) and platelet count (Log Worth, 1.6; p<0.05). Conclusion: White blood cell count and platelet count on arrival of patients with mamushi bites are considered significant prognostic indicators in determining the severity of mamushi bites.

14.
Metabolites ; 9(12)2019 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31817542

RESUMO

In response to salt stress, cyanobacteria increases the gene expression of Na+/H+ antiporter and K+ uptake system proteins and subsequently accumulate compatible solutes. However, alterations in the concentrations of metabolic intermediates functionally related to the early stage of the salt stress response have not been investigated. The halophilic cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002 was subjected to salt shock with 0.5 and 1 M NaCl, then we performed metabolomics analysis by capillary electrophoresis/mass spectrometry (CE/MS) and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) after cultivation for 1, 3, 10, and 24 h. Gene expression profiling using a microarray after 1 h of salt shock was also conducted. We observed suppression of the Calvin cycle and activation of glycolysis at both NaCl concentrations. However, there were several differences in the metabolic changes after salt shock following exposure to 0.5 M and 1 M NaCl: (i): the main compatible solute, glucosylglycerol, accumulated quickly at 0.5 M NaCl after 1 h but increased gradually for 10 h at 1 M NaCl; (ii) the oxidative pentose phosphate pathway and the tricarboxylic acid cycle were activated at 0.5 M NaCl; and (iii) the multi-functional compound spermidine greatly accumulated at 1 M NaCl. Our results show that Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002 acclimated to different levels of salt through a salt stress response involving the activation of different metabolic pathways.

15.
AMB Express ; 9(1): 182, 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721000

RESUMO

Young barley leaf extract (YBL) contains beneficial substances such as fructans, minerals, and vitamins. The effects of YBL administration on the human colonic microbiota and its production of metabolites were evaluated using an in vitro model culture system. Fermentations were started by inoculating fecal samples from nine healthy subjects, with or without 1.5% YBL. Bacterial 16S rRNA sequencing results confirmed that YBL administration significantly increased the relative abundances of bacteria related to the genus Bifidobacterium (p = 0.001, paired t-test) and those of the genera Faecalibacterium, Roseburia, Unclassified Ruminococcaceae, and Lachnospira (p = 0.013, p = 0.019, p = 0.028, and p = 0.034, respectively, paired t-test). Increased abundances of the latter genera corresponded to increased butyrate production in human colonic microbiota models following fermentation with 1.5% YBL, when compared to fermentation without 1.5% YBL (p = 0.006, Dunnett's test). In addition, YBL administration significantly increased the production levels of amino acids such as lysine, glutamate, serine, threonine, alanine, isoleucine, leucine, valine, and phenylalanine. Therefore, our results showed the health-promoting bifidogenic and butyrogenic effects of YBL.

16.
Biosci Microbiota Food Health ; 38(4): 159-163, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31763119

RESUMO

Microbial production of butyrate is impaired in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC); however, this inhibition is not well understood in Japanese UC patients. Therefore, we quantitatively analyzed genes encoding butyryl-CoA:acetate CoA-transferase (but) and butyrate kinase (buk) in the gut microbiota of Japanese patients with UC and healthy volunteers (HVs). But showed higher levels than buk. Moreover, patients with UC showed significantly decreased levels of but associated with Roseburia sp./Eubacterium rectale compared with HVs. But, which is associated with Faecalibacterium sp., was maintained in patients with UC, with an unchanged relative abundance of Faecalibacterium sp. microorganisms in patients with UC compared with HVs.

17.
Microb Cell Fact ; 18(1): 194, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31699086

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: 5'-Aminolevulinic acid (ALA) is widely used in the pharmaceutical industry, healthcare, and food production, and is a substrate for the biosynthesis of heme, which is required for respiration and photosynthesis. Enhancement of ALA biosynthesis has never been developed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which is a well-known model microorganism used for bioproduction of many value-added compounds. RESULTS: We demonstrated that metabolic engineering significantly improved ALA production in S. cerevisiae. First, we found that overexpression of HEM1, which encodes ALA synthetase, increased ALA production. Furthermore, addition of an optimal amount of glycine, a substrate for ALA biosynthesis, or levulinic acid, an inhibitor of ALA dehydrogenase, effectively increased ALA production. Next, we developed an assay for multiple metabolites including ALA and found that aconitase, encoded by ACO1 and ACO2, is the rate-limiting enzyme of ALA biosynthesis when sufficient glycine is supplied. Overexpression of ACO2 further enhanced ALA production in S. cerevisiae overexpressing HEM1. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, ALA production in S. cerevisiae was enhanced by metabolic engineering. This study also shows a strategy to identify the rate-limiting step of a target synthetic pathway by assay for multiple metabolites alongside the target product. This strategy can be applied to improve production of other valuable products in the well-studied and well-industrialized microorganism S. cerevisiae.


Assuntos
Ácidos Levulínicos/metabolismo , Engenharia Metabólica/métodos , Organismos Geneticamente Modificados/metabolismo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Aconitato Hidratase/genética , Aconitato Hidratase/metabolismo , Fermentação , Glicina/metabolismo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo
18.
Microb Cell Fact ; 18(1): 177, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31615527

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a suitable host for the industrial production of pyruvate-derived chemicals such as ethanol and 2,3-butanediol (23BD). For the improvement of the productivity of these chemicals, it is essential to suppress the unnecessary pyruvate consumption in S. cerevisiae to redirect the metabolic flux toward the target chemical production. In this study, mitochondrial pyruvate transporter gene (MPC1) or the essential gene for mitophagy (ATG32) was knocked-out to repress the mitochondrial metabolism and improve the production of pyruvate-derived chemical in S. cerevisiae. RESULTS: The growth rates of both aforementioned strains were 1.6-fold higher than that of the control strain. 13C-metabolic flux analysis revealed that both strains presented similar flux distributions and successfully decreased the tricarboxylic acid cycle fluxes by 50% compared to the control strain. Nevertheless, the intracellular metabolite pool sizes were completely different, suggesting distinct metabolic effects of gene knockouts in both strains. This difference was also observed in the test-tube culture for 23BD production. Knockout of ATG32 revealed a 23.6-fold increase in 23BD titer (557.0 ± 20.6 mg/L) compared to the control strain (23.5 ± 12.8 mg/L), whereas the knockout of MPC1 revealed only 14.3-fold increase (336.4 ± 113.5 mg/L). Further investigation using the anaerobic high-density fermentation test revealed that the MPC1 knockout was more effective for ethanol production than the 23BD production. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that the engineering of the mitochondrial transporters and membrane dynamics were effective in controlling the mitochondrial metabolism to improve the productivities of chemicals in yeast cytosol.


Assuntos
Citosol/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Ácido Pirúvico/metabolismo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Proteínas Relacionadas à Autofagia/genética , Proteínas Relacionadas à Autofagia/metabolismo , Butileno Glicóis/metabolismo , Etanol/metabolismo , Fermentação , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Engenharia Metabólica , Fosfotransferases (Aceptor do Grupo Álcool)/genética , Fosfotransferases (Aceptor do Grupo Álcool)/metabolismo , Receptores Citoplasmáticos e Nucleares/genética , Receptores Citoplasmáticos e Nucleares/metabolismo , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo
19.
ACS Synth Biol ; 8(12): 2701-2709, 2019 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31653173

RESUMO

The natural pigment astaxanthin is widely used in aquaculture, pharmaceutical, nutraceutical, and cosmetic industries due to superior antioxidant properties. The green alga Haematococcus pluvialis is currently used for commercial production of astaxanthin pigment. However, slow growing H. pluvialis requires a complex two-stage stress-induced process with high light intensity leading to increased contamination risks. In contrast, the fast-growing euryhaline cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002 (Synechococcus 7002) is able to reach high density under stress-free phototrophic conditions, and is therefore a promising metabolic engineering platform for astaxanthin production. In the present study, genes encoding ß-carotene hydroxylase and ß-carotene ketolase, from the marine bacterium Brevundimonas sp. SD212, are integrated into the endogenous plasmid of Synechococcus 7002, and then expressed to biosynthesize astaxanthin. Although Synechococcus 7002 does not inherently produce astaxanthin, the recombinant ZW strain yields 3 mg/g dry cell weight astaxanthin from CO2 as the sole carbon source, with significantly higher astaxanthin content than previous cyanobacteria reports. Synechococcus 7002 astaxanthin productivity reached 3.35 mg/L/day after just 2 days in a continuous autotrophic process, which is comparable to the best H. pluvialis astaxanthin productivities when factoring in growth times. Metabolomics analysis reveals increases in fractions of hexose-, pentose-, and triose phosphates along with intermediates involved in the nonmevalonate pathway. Dynamic metabolomics analysis of 13C labeled metabolites clearly indicates flux enhancements in the Calvin cycle and glycolysis resulting from the overexpression of astaxanthin biosynthetic genes. This study suggests that cyanobacteria may enhance central metabolism as well as the nonmevalonate pathway in an attempt to replenish depleted pigments such as ß-carotene and zeaxanthin.

20.
Microbiol Resour Announc ; 8(37)2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31515339

RESUMO

Previously, Rhodobacter sphaeroides strain HJ was isolated to obtain a purple nonsulfur bacterium with the ability to produce high levels of hydrogen from acetate. However, the genome of this strain has not been previously sequenced. Therefore, the complete genome sequence of R. sphaeroides strain HJ is presented in this report.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA