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1.
Nutrients ; 13(11)2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34836072

RESUMO

This cross-sectional study aimed to clarify the characteristic gut microbiota of Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) using t-distributed stochastic neighbor embedding analysis and the k-means method and to clarify the relationship with background data, including dietary habits. The gut microbiota data of 383 patients with T2DM and 114 individuals without T2DM were classified into red, blue, green, and yellow groups. The proportions of patients with T2DM in the red, blue, green, and yellow groups was 86.8% (112/129), 69.8% (81/116), 76.3% (90/118), and 74.6% (100/134), respectively; the red group had the highest prevalence of T2DM. There were no intergroup differences in sex, age, or body mass index. The red group had higher percentages of the Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus genera and lower percentages of the Blautia and Phascolarctobacterium genera. Higher proportions of patients with T2DM in the red group used α-glucosidase inhibitors and glinide medications and had a low intake of fermented soybean foods, including miso soup, than those in the other groups. The gut microbiota pattern of the red group may indicate characteristic changes in the gut microbiota associated with T2DM in Japan. These results also suggest that certain diabetes drugs and fermented foods may be involved in this change. Further studies are needed to confirm the relationships among traditional dietary habits, the gut microbiota, and T2DM in Japan.

2.
Nutrients ; 13(7)2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371843

RESUMO

The aim of this prospective cohort study was to examine the relationships between the intakes of various vitamins and the loss of muscle mass in older people with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). The change in skeletal muscle mass index (SMI, kg/m2) (kg/m2/year) was defined as follows: (SMI at baseline (kg/m2) - SMI at follow-up (kg/m2))/follow-up period (year). The rate of SMI reduction (%) was calculated as follows (the change in SMI (kg/m2/year)/SMI at baseline (kg/m2)) × 100. The rate of SMI reduction ≥ 1.2% was considered as the loss of muscle mass. Among 197 people with T2DM, 47.2% of them experienced the loss of muscle mass at the 13.7 ± 5.2 month follow-up. Vitamin B1 (0.8 ± 0.3 vs. 0.8 ± 0.3 mg/day, p = 0.031), vitamin B12 (11.2 ± 8.3 vs. 13.4 ± 7.5 µg/day, p = 0.049), and vitamin D (16.5 ± 12.2 vs. 21.6 ± 13.0 µg/day, p = 0.004) intakes in people with the loss of muscle mass were significantly lower than those without. Vitamin D intake was related to the loss of muscle mass after adjusting for sex, age, exercise, alcohol, smoking, body mass index, SMI, glucagon-like peptide-1 agonist, sodium glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitor, insulin, HbA1c, creatinine, energy intake, and protein intake (adjusted odds ratio 0.93, 95% confidence interval: 0.88-0.97, p = 0.003). This study showed that vitamin D intake was related to the loss of muscle mass in older people with T2DM. Vitamin B12 intake tended to be related to the loss of muscle mass, although vitamin A, vitamin B2, vitamin B6, vitamin C, and vitamin E intake were not related.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/fisiopatologia , Dieta/efeitos adversos , Estado Nutricional , Sarcopenia/epidemiologia , Vitaminas/análise , Idoso , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Dieta/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos sobre Dietas , Ingestão de Energia/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Músculo Esquelético/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Sarcopenia/etiologia
3.
Braz J Anesthesiol ; 71(6): 618-622, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33823210

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although previous reports have shown intraocular pressure changes during robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy, they did not discuss the time course of changes or the timing of the largest change. We conducted this study to quantify pressure changes over time in patients assuming the steep Trendelenburg position during robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy. METHODS: Twenty-one men were enrolled. Intraocular pressure was measured before anesthesia induction in the supine position (T0); 30 (T1), 90 (T2), and 150 minutes after assuming the Trendelenburg position (T3); and 30 minutes after reassuming the supine position (T4). End-tidal carbon dioxide and blood pressure were also recorded. To compare intraocular pressure between the time points, we performed repeated-measures analysis of variance. A mixed-effects multivariate regression analysis was conducted to adjust for confounding factors. RESULTS: The mean (standard deviation) intraocular pressure was 18.3 (2.4), 23.6 (3.0), 25.1 (3.1), 25.3 (2.2), and 18.1 (5.0) mmHg at T0, T1, T2, T3, and T4, respectively. The mean intraocular pressure was higher at T1, T2, and T3 than at T0 (p < 0.0001 for all). There was no significant difference between T0 and T4, and between T3 and T2 (p > 0.99 for both). CONCLUSIONS: The Trendelenburg position during robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy increased intraocular pressure. The increase was moderate at 90 minutes after the position was assumed, with the value being approximately 7 mmHg higher than the baseline value. The baseline intraocular pressure was restored at 30 minutes after the supine position was reassumed. TRIAL REGISTRATION: UMIN ID 000014973 DATE OF REGISTRATION: August 27, 2014.

4.
Cancer Sci ; 110(8): 2520-2528, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31215118

RESUMO

Iodothyronine deiodinase 2 (DIO2) converts the prohormone thyroxine (T4) to bioactive T3 in peripheral tissues and thereby regulates local thyroid hormone (TH) levels. Although epidemiologic studies suggest the contribution of TH to the progression of colorectal cancer (CRC), the role of DIO2 in CRC remains elusive. Here we show that Dio2 is highly expressed in intestinal polyps of ApcΔ716 mice, a mouse model of familial adenomatous polyposis and early stage sporadic CRC. Laser capture microdissection and in situ hybridization analysis show almost exclusive expression of Dio2 in the stroma of ApcΔ716 polyps in the proximity of the COX-2-positive areas. Treatment with iopanoic acid, a deiodinase inhibitor, or chemical thyroidectomy suppresses tumor formation in ApcΔ716 mice, accompanied by reduced tumor cell proliferation and angiogenesis. Dio2 expression in ApcΔ716 polyps is strongly suppressed by treatment with the COX-2 inhibitor meloxicam. Analysis of The Cancer Genome Atlas data shows upregulation of DIO2 in CRC clinical samples and a close association of its expression pattern with the stromal component, consistently with almost exclusive expression of DIO2 in the stroma of human CRC as revealed by in situ hybridization. These results indicate essential roles of stromal DIO2 and thyroid hormone signaling in promoting the growth of intestinal tumors.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Iodeto Peroxidase/metabolismo , Polipose Adenomatosa do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Polipose Adenomatosa do Colo/metabolismo , Polipose Adenomatosa do Colo/patologia , Animais , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/farmacologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Pólipos Intestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Pólipos Intestinais/metabolismo , Pólipos Intestinais/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Neovascularização Patológica/metabolismo , Neovascularização Patológica/patologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Hormônios Tireóideos/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Cima/fisiologia
5.
Masui ; 65(4): 402-6, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27188118

RESUMO

Airway management in a patient with Forestier's disease can be challenging clinically because this disease may cause not only dysphagia but also airway obstruction due to the compression of the pharynx and esophagus caused by the ossification of anterior longitudinal ligament. We report our anesthetic management in a patient with Forestier's disease. Meanwhile, we studied the causes of difficult airway and the most suitable airway device for a patient with this disease from a standpoint of anatomy of upper airway. Our study indicated the possibility that the most suitable airway device differed depending on the actual location of the ossification of anterior longitudinal ligament in the cervical spine and that more prudent airway management would be required if its lesion location extended to upper cervical spine.


Assuntos
Manuseio das Vias Aéreas/métodos , Hiperostose Esquelética Difusa Idiopática/complicações , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino
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