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1.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(8)2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34441015

RESUMO

Backgroundand objectives: The clinical assessment of therapeutic response in pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis (PVO) has been usually performed based on the changes of clinical symptoms and blood inflammatory markers. Recently, 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18F-FDG-PET) has emerged as an alternative independent method. We analyzed the validity of the clinical assessment for detecting residual PVO based on 18F-FDG-PET. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted with 53 patients confirmed as lumbar PVO under retrospective design. All patients underwent clinical assessment using clinical symptoms and C-reactive protein (CRP) for therapeutic response after parenteral antibiotic therapy, which led to the decision of placement in the uncontrolled (group UC) or controlled (group C) group. The validity of clinical assessment was analyzed based on the cut-off values of FDG uptake for detecting residual PVO as references, which are already established in the previous literature. Results: The mean duration of parenteral antibiotic therapy and recurrence rate were 42.19 ± 15.84 (21-89) days and 9.4% (5/53), respectively. 18F-FDG-PETs were performed at 80 rounds of clinical assessment on 37.40 ± 13.15 (21-83) days of parenteral antibiotic therapy and divided: 31 into group UC and 49 into group C, according to the decisions of clinical assessment. Based on the cut-off values of FDG uptake, clinical assessment showed 48.4-58.1% of false positive for residual PVO in group UC. However, 18F-FDG-PET showed 8.2% (4/49) of false negative for residual PVO in group C, which led to recurrences. Conclusions: Clinical assessment using clinical symptoms and CRP for evaluating therapeutic response in PVO is still a useful method in terms of similar recurrence rate compared to 18F-FDG-PET. However, the high rate of false positive for residual PVO can prolong the use of unnecessary antibiotics and overall treatment period.


Assuntos
Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Osteomielite , Proteína C-Reativa , Humanos , Osteomielite/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteomielite/tratamento farmacológico , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(34): e27019, 2021 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34449475

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Early and accurate identification of various conditions that can cause parkinsonian symptoms is important for determining treatment policies. Currently dopamine transporter (DAT) imaging using FP-CIT, glucose metabolism imaging using fluorodeoxyglucose, cerebral blood flow image using ethyl cysteinate dimer (ECD), and others are used for differentiation. However, the use of multiple modalities is inconvenient and costly. In the present retrospective study, we evaluated the correlation between regional brain uptake ratios (URs) in perfusion FP-CIT PET and ECD SPECT images.Twenty patients with Parkinson's symptoms underwent perfusion DAT positron emission tomography (18F-FP-CIT PET/CT) and cerebral blood flow tomography (99mTc-ECD SPECT) within a 2-week period. Perfusion 18F-FP-CIT PET/CT and 99mTc-ECD SPECT URs of 19 brain regions (bilateral frontal, temporal, parietal and occipital lobes, bilateral caudate nucleus, bilateral putamen, bilateral insula, bilateral cingulate gyrus, bilateral thalamus, and brainstem) were directly compared and correlations were analyzed.Average 18F-FP-CIT PET/CT regional perfusion URs were higher than 99mTc-ECD SPECT URs. Uptake ratios were well correlated in all 19 regions (except right putamen), and especially in dopamine poor regions (cerebral cortex). In left putamen, URs were significantly correlated, but the correlation coefficient was lower than those of other regions.A single tracer dual phase N-3-fluoropropyl-2-beta-carboxymethoxy-3-beta-(4-iodophenyl) nortropane test seems to be helpful for differential diagnosis of parkinsonian disorders. Large-scale, longitudinal studies on complementary diseases with parkinsonian patterns are required to investigate differences in correlations between perfusion 18F-FP-CIT PET/CT and 99mTc-ECD SPECT over time.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Transtornos Parkinsonianos/diagnóstico por imagem , Transtornos Parkinsonianos/patologia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único/métodos , Idoso , Encéfalo/patologia , Cisteína/análogos & derivados , Proteínas da Membrana Plasmática de Transporte de Dopamina/metabolismo , Feminino , Radioisótopos de Flúor , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Compostos de Organotecnécio , Transtornos Parkinsonianos/diagnóstico , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tropanos
3.
Nucl Med Commun ; 2021 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34392296

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Post Z0011 trial, axillary lymph node dissections (ALNDs) can be performed in patients with ≥3 positive axillary lymph nodes (ALNs). We investigated the diagnostic performance of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose PET/computed tomography (FDG PET/CT) to predict ≥3 metastasis [high nodal burden (HNB)]. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed preoperative FDG PET/CT from January 2010 to June 2012. Patients had clinical T1-2N0 primary invasive breast cancer and underwent breast-conserving surgery with sentinel lymph node biopsy ± ALND. All suspicious ALNs were counted considering FDG-avidity with morphologic changes. Images were considered positive if the axillary basin took up more FDG than the surrounding tissue. On CT, abnormal ALNs were round/ovoid or had cortical thickening with contrast enhancement. PET/CT results were compared with the histology and follow-up findings. RESULTS: In total, 221 females with 224 axillae were enrolled; 161 had negative, 53 had 1-2 metastasis [low nodal burden (LNB)] and 10 had HNB. The sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value and positive predictive value of PET/CT for HNB were 70, 100, 98.6 and 100%, respectively. There was a correlation between the number of suspicious ALNs on PET/CT and the metastatic nodes on final histology. There were no significant differences in age, tumor size and FDG-avidity between patients with negative or LNB and HNB. During follow-up, 25 patients had a recurrence. The three false-negative patients did not show recurrence. CONCLUSION: Preoperative PET/CT predicts HNB with high accuracy and is useful for evaluating clinical T1-2N0 invasive breast cancer.Video Abstract: http://links.lww.com/NMC/A200.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34185324

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate whether the number of metastatic lymph nodes (LNs) could be used as a basis in the radioactive iodine (RAI) dose selection for patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). PATIENTS: A total of 595 patients with PTC who received first RAI therapy after total or near-total thyroidectomy and had no evidence of disease in treatment response assessment were retrospectively enroled from five hospitals. The patients were classified into two subgroups based on the number of metastatic LNs (>5). The multivariate Cox-proportional hazard model was performed to identify the significant factors for recurrence prediction in each group as well as all enroled patients. RESULTS: Overall, 22 (3.7%) out of 595 patients had the recurrent disease during the follow-up period. The number of metastatic LNs (>5) was only a significant factor for recurrence prediction in all enroled patients (odds ratio: 7.834, p < .001). In the subgroup with ≤5 metastatic LNs, the presence of extrathyroidal extension was only associated with recurrence (odds ratio: 7.333, p = .024) in multivariate analysis. RAI dose was significantly associated with recurrence rate in which the patients with high-dose RAI (3.7 GBq or higher) had less incidence of recurrence than those with low-dose RAI (1.11 GBq) in the subgroup with more than five metastatic LNs (odds ratio: 6.533, p = .026). CONCLUSIONS: High-dose RAI (≥3.7 GBq) therapy significantly lowered the recurrence rate in patients with more than five metastatic LNs. Therefore, RAI dose should be determined based on the number of metastatic LNs as well as conventional risk factors.

5.
Yeungnam Univ J Med ; 38(2): 95-106, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053614

RESUMO

Infections involving the heart are becoming increasingly common, and a timely diagnosis of utmost importance, despite its challenges. F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) is a recently introduced diagnostic tool in cardiology. This review focuses on the current evidence for the use of FDG PET/CT in the diagnosis of infective endocarditis, cardiac implantable device infection, left ventricular assist device infection, and secondary complications. The author discusses considerations when using FDG PET/CT in routine clinical practice, patient preparation for reducing physiologic myocardial uptake, acquisition of images, and interpretation of PET/CT findings. This review also functions to highlight the need for a standardized acquisition protocol.

6.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 10(11)2020 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33171659

RESUMO

PURPOSE: There is still no definite method to determine therapeutic response in pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis (PVO). We analyzed the value of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) for assessing therapeutic response in PVO. METHODS: This retrospective study included 53 patients (32 men and 21 women) with lumbar PVO. The results of clinical assessments for therapeutic response were divided into "Cured" (group C) and "Non-cured" (group NC). The differences in clinical and radiological features of PVO lesions between the two groups were analyzed using clinical data and simultaneous FDG-PET/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) obtained at each clinical assessment. RESULTS: Clinical assessments and FDG-PET/MRIs were performed at 41.89 ± 16.08 (21-91) days of parenteral antibiotic therapy. There were 39 patients in group C and 14 in group NC. Diagnostic accuracies (DAs) of FDG uptake intensity-based interpretation and C-reactive protein (CRP) for residual PVO were as follows (p < 0.01): 84.9% of the maximum standardized uptake value of PVO lesion (PvoSUVmax), 86.8% of ΔPvoSUVmax-NmlSUVmax (SUVmax of normal vertebra), 86.8% of ΔPvoSUVmax-NmlSUVmean (SUVmean of normal vertebra), and 71.7% of CRP. DAs were better (92.5-94.3%) when applying FDG uptake intensity-based interpretation and CRP together. Under the FDG uptake distribution-based interpretation, FDG uptake was significantly limited to intervertebral structures in group C (p = 0.026). CONCLUSION: The interpretations of intensity and distribution of FDG uptake on FDG-PET are useful for detecting residual PVO in the assessment of therapeutic response of PVO. The combination of FDG-PET and CRP is expected to increase DA for detecting residual PVO.

7.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 10(11)2020 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33105849

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The clinical and radiological abnormal findings continue even after successful treatment in pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis (PVO). We analyzed the clinical and radiological features of cured PVO based on 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (FDG-PET/MRI) and compared the radiological differences between FDG-PET and MRI for assessing therapeutic response in PVO. METHODS: This study included 43 patients (28 men and 15 women) with lumbar PVO who had no recurrence after successful antimicrobial therapy. They were divided into two groups based on the location of maximum standardized FDG uptake value (SUVmax) of PVO lesion on FDG-PET/MRI when parenteral antibiotics were discontinued (31 in group A: Intervertebral structure; 12 in group B: Vertebral body and paravertebral muscle). The differences of clinical symptoms, hematological inflammatory indices, and radiological features were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: The patients were treated with 42.28 ± 14.58 (21-89) days of parenteral antibiotics. There were significant differences in C-reactive protein (0.97 ± 1.10 vs. 0.51 ± 0.31 mg/dL, p = 0.041; normal range of CRP < 0.5), back pain (4.29 ± 1.13 vs. 3.50 ± 1.00, p = 0.040; visual analog scale), and SUVmax (4.34 ± 1.24 vs. 5.89 ± 1.57, p < 0.001) between the two groups. In the distribution pattern of PVO lesions, FDG-PET overall showed recovery pattern earlier than MRI did (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In cured PVO, the clinical features vary depending on the location of major structural damage of PVO lesion. The involvement of intervertebral structure is related with sustained back pain and elevation of CRP, and vertebral body/paravertebral muscle shows favorable clinical features despite advanced structural damages.

8.
Infect Chemother ; 52(4): 626-633, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32757501

RESUMO

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the preferred imaging method for evaluating treatment response in spine infection. However, there are still no definite correlation between follow-up MRI findings and clinical status. Recently, Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18F-FDG PET) shows great potential as diagnostic and monitoring options. Simultaneous 18F-FDG PET/MRI makes us to expect a huge synergic effect on diagnosis and evaluation of treatment response with metabolic and anatomical advantages in spine infection. We introduce an application of 18F-FDG PET/MRI for evaluating residual lesion in the patient with pyogenic spine infection.

10.
J Clin Med ; 9(2)2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32033340

RESUMO

This study aimed to develop a prognosis-predicting model based on [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) and clinicopathologic factors in locally advanced cervical cancer patients treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT). The medical records of 270 locally advanced cervical cancer patients who were treated with CCRT were collected from three institutions and reviewed retrospectively. A nomogram was used for predicting 2-year disease-free survival (DFS) and 5-year overall survival (OS) based on Cox proportional hazards regression. Predictor variables included nodal maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), primary tumor SUVmax, age, tumor size, stage, serum squamous cell carcinoma antigen level, and human papillomavirus status. Internal nomogram validation was performed. A nomogram for predicting the 2-year DFS and 5-year OS was constructed using six and seven parameters, respectively. With a focus on 2-year DFS, our model found nodal SUVmax to be the highest weighted negative prognostic factor. With a focus on 5-year OS, young age was the highest weighted negative prognostic factor. The concordance index was 0.75 and 0.78 for the 2-year DFS and 5-year OS, respectively. This nomogram is a predictive tool that can be used to counsel patients for predicting survival outcomes. Moreover, our prognosis-predicting model may make it possible to personalize treatment.

11.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 845, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31615426

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18F-FDG PET) shows great potential for diagnosis and assessing therapeutic response of tuberculous spondylitis. Tuberculous spondylitis required long-term anti-tuberculosis (TB) medication therapy, and the optimal duration of therapy is controversial. There is still no clear way to tell when the anti-TB therapy can safely be discontinued. CASE PRESENTATION: Three patients with tuberculous spondylitis were evaluated for therapeutic response using 18F-FDG PET/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Clinical and hematological improvements were achieved after about 12 months of anti-TB medication therapy, and we considered whether to discontinue the therapy. There was no relapse during one year of follow-up after discontinuation of 12 months anti-TB medication based on the low maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) of 1.83 in one patient. However, the other two patients continued further anti-TB medication therapy based on the high SUVmax of 4.14 and 7.02, which were suspected to indicate active residual lesions in the abscess or granulation tissues. Continuous TB was confirmed by the bacterial and histological examinations. CONCLUSIONS: 18F-FDG PET/MRI has metabolic and anatomical advantages for assessing therapeutic response in TB spondylitis, and can be considered as a helpful independent and alternative method for determining the appropriate time to discontinue anti-TB medication.


Assuntos
Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/química , Espondilite/diagnóstico , Tuberculose da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico , Adulto , Antituberculosos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Fluordesoxiglucose F18/química , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/isolamento & purificação , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Espondilite/diagnóstico por imagem , Espondilite/tratamento farmacológico , Tuberculose da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Tuberculose da Coluna Vertebral/tratamento farmacológico
12.
Yeungnam Univ J Med ; 36(2): 159-162, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31620630

RESUMO

The most cases with orbital metastases have been reported in patients with a prior established diagnosis of cancer and widespread systemic involvement. However, ocular symptoms can be developed as an initial presentation of cancer in patients without cancer history. We report a case of rapid progression from trochlear nerve palsy to orbital apex syndrome as an initial presentation of advanced gastric cancer.

13.
Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 53(4): 287-295, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31456862

RESUMO

Purpose: Bone single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) has been widely used for evaluation of femoral head viability in patients with femoral neck fracture. The current study aimed to investigate utility of standardized uptake value (SUV) from quantitative bone SPECT/CT for assessment of femoral head viability. Methods: From March 2015 to November 2018, quantitative bone SPECT/CT was performed in 9 patients with non-viable femoral head post femoral neck fracture and in 31 controls. Maximum (SUVmax), mean (SUVmean), and minimum standardized uptake values (SUVmin) were measured over femoral head and neck. Mann-Whitney U test with Bonferroni correction was used to compare SUVs of ipsilateral and contralateral femurs from femoral neck fracture patients with those of control femurs. Results: As for femoral head viability, SUVmax and SUVmean were not significantly decreased in non-viable femoral heads compared to those in controls. Only the SUVmin was significantly reduced in non-viable femoral heads (mean ± standard deviation, 0.57 ± 0.38) than in controls (0.95 ± 0.26, p = 0.006) and contralateral femoral heads (1.36 ± 0.59, p = 0.008). The cutoff SUVmin of 0.61 (g/mL) yielded a sensitivity of 77.8% and specificity of 87.1% for detection of non-viable femoral heads (p = 0.006). Contralateral femoral necks of the femoral neck fracture patients showed significantly higher SUVmean and SUVmin (3.17 ± 1.20 and 1.64 ± 0.63) than those of controls (2.32 ± 0.53 and 1.04 ± 0.27; p = 0.021 and p = 0.002, respectively), which seemed to reflect weight bearing effect or metabolic derangement. Conclusions: The non-viable femoral heads from the femoral neck fracture showed significantly reduced SUVmin. Quantitative bone SPECT/CT holds promise for objective evaluation of femoral head viability.

14.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 45(13): 2482-2483, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30221329

RESUMO

Unfortunately, the original version of this article contained several errors made during final step of article production. In the results section (fourth sentence) of the Abstract, the incomplete sentence,", 31.4% in high-risk group and 4.7% in treatment failure group.

15.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 45(13): 2274-2284, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30056546

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to establish a risk-stratification model integrating posttreatment metabolic response using the Deauville score and the pretreatment National Comprehensive Cancer Network-International Prognostic Index (NCCN-IPI) in nodal PTCLs. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed 326 patients with newly diagnosed nodal PTCLs between January 2005 and June 2016 and both baseline and posttreatment PET/CT data. The final model was validated using an independent prospective cohort of 79 patients. RESULTS: Posttreatment Deauville score (1/2, 3, and 4/5) and the NCCN-IPI (low, low-intermediate, high-intermediate, and high) were independently associated with progression-free survival: for the Deauville score, the hazard ratios (HRs) were 1.00 vs. 2.16 (95% CI 1.47-3.18) vs. 7.86 (5.66-10.92), P < 0.001; and for the NCCN-IPI, the HRs were 1.00 vs. 2.31 (95% CI 1.20-4.41) vs. 4.42 (2.36-8.26) vs. 7.09 (3.57-14.06), P < 0.001. Based on these results, we developed a simplified three-group risk model comprising a low-risk group (low or low-intermediate NCCN-IPI with a posttreatment Deauville score of 1 or 2, or low NCCN-IPI with a Deauville score of 3), a high-risk group (high or high-intermediate NCCN-IPI with a Deauville score of 1/2 or 3, or low-intermediate NCCN-IPI with a Deauville score of 3), and a treatment failure group (Deauville score 4 or 5). This model was significantly associated with progression-free survival (5-year, 70.3%, 31.4%, and 4.7%; P < 0.001) and overall survival (5-year, 82.1%, 45.5%, and 14.7%; P < 0.001). Similar associations were also observed in the independent validation cohort. CONCLUSION: The risk-stratification model integrating posttreatment Deauville score and pretreatment NCCN-IPI is a powerful tool for predicting treatment failure in patients with nodal PTCLs.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Células T Periférico/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco
16.
Q J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 62(1): 118-126, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26784940

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We investigated the relationship between 18F-FDG PET parameters and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values obtained by diffusion weighted MRI (DWI) in patients with invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC). In addition, the prognostic utility of PET/MR mammography parameters was compared with that of known histologic prognostic factors. METHODS: Forty-six women aged 50.7±10.5 years underwent a preoperative PET/MR mammography assessment using an integrated PET/MR scanner. T1w, T2w, DWI (b value: 50, 400, and 800 s/mm2), dynamic contrast enhancement sequences, and 18F-FDG PET imaging were performed. IDCs were assessed using SUVmax values and intratumoral heterogeneities (IH) from the 18F-FDG PET images and mean (ADCmean) and minimum ADC (ADCmin) values were measured using the DWI images. Relationships between the PET parameters and ADC values were evaluated. Furthermore, SUVmax and ADC values were compared with histologic factors, tumor size, nodal status, lymphovascular invasion, Ki-67 expression and triple negative breast cancer (TNBC). RESULTS: In total 46 IDCs (2.1-7.5 cm in size) were analyzed. SUVmax (P=0.012) and elevated IH (P=0.041) were negatively correlated with ADCmin, then TNBC (P=0.013) and high Ki-67 expression (P=0.002) were associated with higher SUVmax. IDC with lymphovascular invasion had low ADCmin values (P=0.045). CONCLUSIONS: 18F-FDG PET metabolic parameters and ADCmin were negatively correlated. PET parameters and ADC values might reflect the expression of biological features of tumors and tumor invasiveness, respectively. Integrated PET/MR mammography seemed like to have potential of a one-stop method for evaluating and predicting the prognosis of IDC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/patologia , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Mamografia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imagem Multimodal , Invasividade Neoplásica , Prognóstico
17.
Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 51(3): 217-226, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28878847

RESUMO

The whole-body positron emission tomography (PET)/magnetic resonance (MR) scan is a cutting edge technology providing comprehensive structural information from MR imaging and functional features from PET in a single session. Recent research findings and clinical experience have shown that 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) whole-body PET/MR imaging has a diagnostic performance comparable with or superior to that of PET/CT in the field of oncology, including for breast cancer. In particular, FDG PET/MR mammography in the prone position with the breast hanging in a pendant manner can provide more comprehensive information about the metabolism, anatomy, and functional features of a breast lesion than a whole-body PET/MR scan. This article reports on current state-of-the-art PET/MR mammography in patients with breast cancer and the prospects for potential application in the future.

18.
PLoS One ; 12(7): e0180184, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28672016

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Metabolism and water diffusion may have a relationship or an effect on each other in the same tumor. Knowledge of their relationship could expand the understanding of tumor biology and serve the field of oncologic imaging. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between metabolism and water diffusivity in hepatic tumors using a simultaneous positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (PET/MRI) system with F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) and to reveal the metabolic and diffusional characteristics of each type of hepatic tumor. METHODS: Forty-one patients (mean age 63 ± 13 years, 31 male) with hepatic tumors (18 hepatocellular carcinoma [HCC], six cholangiocarcinoma [CCC], 10 metastatic tumors, one neuroendocrine malignancy, and six benign lesions) underwent FDG PET/MRI before treatment. Maximum standard uptake (SUVmax) values from FDG PET and the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) from the diffusion-weighted images were obtained for the tumor and their relationships were examined. We also investigated the difference in SUVmax and ADC for each type of tumor. RESULTS: SUVmax showed a negative correlation with ADC (r = -0.404, p = 0.009). The median of SUVmax was 3.22 in HCC, 6.99 in CCC, 6.30 in metastatic tumors, and 1.82 in benign lesions. The median of ADC was 1.039 × 10-3 mm/s2 in HCC, 1.148 × 10-3 mm/s2 in CCC, 0.876 × 10-3 mm/s2 in metastatic tumors, and 1.323 × 10-3 mm/s2 in benign lesions. SUVmax was higher in metastatic tumors than in benign lesions (p = 0.023). Metastatic tumors had a lower ADC than CCC (p = 0.039) and benign lesions (p = 0.004). HCC had a lower ADC than benign lesions, with a suggestive trend (p = 0.06). CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that SUVmax is negatively correlated with ADC in hepatic tumors, and each group of tumors has different metabolic and water diffusivity characteristics. Evaluation of hepatic tumors by PET/MRI could be helpful in understanding tumor characteristics.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Feminino , Fluordesoxiglucose F18/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/classificação , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imagem Multimodal , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons
19.
Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol ; 10(1): 121-128, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27334517

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare lymph node (LN) staging using 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) with contrast-enhancement (CE) PET/CT and contrast-enhanced neck CT (neck CT) in patients with thyroid cancer with level-by-level comparison with various factors. METHODS: This was a retrospective multicenter study. A total of 85 patients were enrolled. Patients who underwent a preoperative evaluation by CE PET/CT and neck CT for thyroid cancer were enrolled. The gold standard for LN was the combination of surgical pathology and clinical follow-up. We compared CE PET/CT with neck CT using a level-by-level method. Factors, including age, sex, camera, arm position, tumor size, extra-thyroidal extension, tumor location, number of primary tumors, primary tumor maximum standardized uptake value, and the interval from scan to operation were also analyzed. RESULTS: Overall accuracy was 81.2% for CE PET/CT and 68.2% for neck CT. CE PET/CT was more sensitive than neck CT (65.8% vs. 44.7%). Also, CE PET/CT showed higher negative predictive value (77.2% vs. 66.1%). CE PET/CT showed good agreement with the gold standard (weighted kappa [κ], 0.7) for differentiating N0, N1a, and N1b, whereas neck CT showed moderate agreement (weighted κ, 0.5). CE PET/CT showed better agreement for the number of levels involved with the gold standard (weighted κ, 0.7) than that of neck CT with the gold standard (weighted κ, 0.5). The accuracies for differentiating N0, N1a, and N1b were 81.2% for CE PET/CT and 68.2% for neck CT. Level-by-level analysis showed that CE PET/CT was more sensitive and has higher negative predictive value for detecting ipsilateral level IV and level VI LNs than neck CT. Other analyzed factors were not related to accuracies of both modalities. CONCLUSION: CE PET/CT was more sensitive and reliable than neck CT for preoperative LN staging in patients with thyroid cancer.

20.
Clin Psychopharmacol Neurosci ; 14(4): 378-382, 2016 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27776391

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between cerebral amyloid deposition and overall clinical factors including cognitive functions in geriatric depression by using ¹8F-florbetaben positron emission tomography. Thirteen subjects aged over 60 years who had a history of major depressive disorder and also had subjective memory complaint were included. Of all subjects, 3 subjects judged as amyloid positive, and the others judged as amyloid negative. Their memory, visuospatial functions and attention abilities were negatively correlated with amyloid deposition in specific brain regions, but their language and recognition abilities were not correlated with any region. The amyloid deposition of the whole brain region was significantly negatively correlated with immediate memory.

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