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1.
Neurochem Int ; : 104624, 2019 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31794832

RESUMO

Diabetes-induced retinal neurodegeneration occurs before visible microvascular abnormalities. Hyperglycemia-induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress (ERS) and oxidative stress(OS) were considered as the important factors during diabetic retinopathy development. Liraglutide (LIRA), a glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) analogue, is widely used in the clinic and also proved having protective effect on neurodegenerative diseases. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the neuroprotective effect of LIRA on diabetes-induced retinal neurodegeneration and underlying mechanisms. In vivo, a high-fat diet and streptozotocin (STZ) injection were used inducing diabetes model. Hematoxylin-eosin staining was used for morphological observation and measuring retinal thickness. In vitro, Neuro2a cells were cultured in normal and high-glucose conditions. Flow cytometry was performed to analyze apoptosis. Additionally, Western blotting and Immunohistochemistry were carried out to detect proteins expression. The retinal thickness was decreased in diabetes. However, the retinal thickness reducing was delay after LIRA treatment in diabetes. In vitro, the apoptosis percentage, ROS production and the expression of ERS related protein GRP78, ASK1, p-IRE1α was increased and the expression of Nrf2, p-Erk1/2, Trx was decreased after HG treatment, However, the apoptosis percentage, generation of ROS and the expression of GRP78, ASK1, p-IRE1 were decreased. The expression of Nrf2, p-Erk1/2, Trx was increased significantly after LIRA treatment. Taken together, our results indicated that LIRA can alleviates diabetes-induced retinal neurodegeneration which activated Erk pathway inhibiting OS and regulated the Trx-ASK1complex inhibiting ERS.

2.
Toxins (Basel) ; 11(11)2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671876

RESUMO

Fusarium graminearum causes Fusarium head blight (FHB), a devastating disease of wheat. Salicylic acid (SA) is involved in the resistance of wheat to F. graminearum. Cell wall mannoprotein (CWM) is known to trigger defense responses in plants, but its role in the pathogenicity of F. graminearum remains unclear. Here, we characterized FgCWM1 (FG05_11315), encoding a CWM in F. graminearum. FgCWM1 was highly expressed in wheat spikes by 24 h after initial inoculation and was upregulated by SA. Disruption of FgCWM1 (ΔFgCWM1) reduced mannose and protein accumulation in the fungal cell wall, especially under SA treatment, and resulted in defective fungal cell walls, leading to increased fungal sensitivity to SA. The positive role of FgCWM1 in mannose and protein accumulation was confirmed by its expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Compared with wild type (WT), ΔFgCWM1 exhibited reduced pathogenicity toward wheat, but it produced the same amount of deoxynivalenol both in culture and in spikes. Complementation of ΔFgCWM1 with FgCWM1 restored the WT phenotype. Localization analyses revealed that FgCWM1 was distributed on the cell wall, consistent with its structural role. Thus, FgCWM1 encodes a CWM protein that plays an important role in the cell wall integrity and pathogenicity of F. graminearum.

3.
Schizophr Bull ; 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31773162

RESUMO

Neurological soft signs (NSS) are often found in patients with schizophrenia. A wealth of neuroimaging studies have reported that NSS are related to disturbed cortical-subcortical-cerebellar circuitry in schizophrenia. However, the association between NSS and brain network abnormalities in patients with schizophrenia remains unclear. In this study, the graph theoretical approach was used to analyze brain network characteristics based on structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data. NSS were assessed using the Heidelberg scale. We found that there was no significant difference in global network properties between individuals with high and low levels of NSS. Regional network analysis showed that NSS were associated with betweenness centrality involving the inferior orbital frontal cortex, the middle temporal cortex, the hippocampus, the supramarginal cortex, the amygdala, and the cerebellum. Global network analysis also demonstrated that NSS were associated with the distribution of network hubs involving the superior medial frontal cortex, the superior and middle temporal cortices, the postcentral cortex, the amygdala, and the cerebellum. Our findings suggest that NSS are associated with alterations in topological attributes of brain networks corresponding to the cortical-subcortical-cerebellum circuit in patients with schizophrenia, which may provide a new perspective for elucidating the neural basis of NSS in schizophrenia.

4.
Thorac Cancer ; 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31755241

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The roles of p62-Keap1-Nrf2 pathway in the radioresistance of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) have not yet been revealed. This study aimed to clarify the expression and correlation of p-p62 and nuclear Nrf2 and their association with radioresistance in ESCC. METHODS: This study included 164 cases of inoperable locally advanced ESCC. All patients received concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT). Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the expression of p-p62 and nuclear Nrf2. The results were analyzed independently by two pathologists. RESULTS: There was no significant relationship between p-p62 or nuclear Nrf2 and patients' clinical characteristics. Compared to patients with low expression of p-p62, patients with high expression of p-p62 showed lower objective response rate (ORR). Similarly, patients with high expression of nuclear Nrf2 exhibited lower ORR compared to those with low expression of nuclear Nrf2. The expression of p-p62 was positively correlated with that of nuclear Nrf2. Moreover, the correlation coefficient between them was higher among patients showing no response to CCRT. Univariate analysis revealed that higher expression of p-p62 or nuclear Nrf2 was significantly associated with poorer PFS and OS. Multivariate analysis indicated that the expression of nuclear Nrf2 and treatment response were independent prognostic factors for PFS. Sex, treatment response, expression of p-p62 and nuclear Nrf2 were independent prognostic factors for OS. CONCLUSION: Higher expression of p-p62 and nuclear Nrf2 are associated with lower ORR as well as poorer prognosis, which indicates that p62-Keap1-Nrf2 pathway might play an essential role in the radioresistance of ESCC.

5.
Lung Cancer ; 139: 18-21, 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704279

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: While immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) therapy has excellent efficacy in treating multiple cancers, some patients experience accelerated disease progression, defined as hyper-progressive disease (HPD). However, the characteristics of HPD, especially in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), remain to be elucidated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We report about an advanced NSCLC patient with striking disease progression, defined as HPD by existing standards, after the administration of pembrolizumab. We also reviewed related studies to discuss the definition, relative factors, and prognosis of HPD. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: This case of NSCLC with HPD had a series of characteristics not widely described in HPD cases previously reported, suggesting the potential complexity of this phenomenon and the necessity to study its characteristics and to more closely monitor patients who are administered ICIs.

6.
Psychiatry Res Neuroimaging ; 293: 110989, 2019 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31634787

RESUMO

Neurological soft signs (NSS), as minor neurological deficits, have been identified in several psychiatric disorders, especially in schizophrenia. However, it's unclear how the neuropathological processes of the disease affect NSS related brain morphological changes and whether it is confounded by the use of medication. As NSS also exist in healthy people, the potential confounding effects of psychopathology or medication will be excluded if NSS are investigated in healthy people. Therefore, we applied a novel multivariate approach, source-based morphometry (SBM), to study structural networks in relation to NSS in healthy adults based on structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data. The Heidelberg Scale was applied to evaluate NSS. Using SBM, we constructed structural networks and investigated their associations with NSS in healthy adults. Six grey matter (GM) structural networks were identified. Sensory integration subscores were associated with the cerebellar component and the cortico-basal ganglia-thalamic component. Motor coordination subscores and total NSS scores were associated with the sensorimotor component. The present findings indicated that structural network abnormalities in cerebellar, subcortical and cortical sensorimotor areas contribute to NSS performance in healthy adults.

7.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 39(10): 1063-6, 2019 Oct 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31621258

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the therapeutic effect of pre-acupuncture at Neiguan (PC 6) and Zusanli (ST 36) on exercise-induced fatigue. METHODS: A total of 50 subjects were divided into an observation group and a control group by random number table method, 25 cases in each one. In the observation group, acupuncture was applied at Neiguan (PC 6) and Zusanli (ST 36) before exercise, once a day, consecutive 5-day treatment was required. In the control group, there was no intervention. The subjective fatigue perception score, serum levels of lactate and lactate dehydrogenase, heart rate and oxygen saturation before and after exercise were observed in the two groups. RESULTS: Compared before exercise, the subjective fatigue perception scores, serum levels of lactate and lactate dehydrogenase and heart rates after exercise were increased in the two groups (P<0.05, P<0.01), and the subjective fatigue perception score, serum levels of lactate and lactate dehydrogenase and heart rate after exercise in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.05, P<0.01). There was no significant difference in oxygen saturation before and after exercise in the two groups,there was no significant difference in oxygen saturation after exercise between the two groups (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Pre-acupuncture at Neiguan (PC 6) and Zusanli (ST 36) can effectively reduce the subjective fatigue perception score,serum levels of lactate and lactate dehydrogenase and heart rate to improve exercise-induced fatigue.


Assuntos
Pontos de Acupuntura , Terapia por Acupuntura , Exercício , Fadiga/terapia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Exercício/fisiologia , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos
8.
Radiat Oncol ; 14(1): 168, 2019 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521171

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Leptomeningeal metastasis (LM) is a devastating and terminal complication of advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), especially in patients harboring epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations. The role of whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT) in the treatment of EGFR-mutant NSCLC patients with LM is not conclusive. Therefore, we conducted a retrospective study to evaluate the therapeutic effect of WBRT in this setting. METHODS: EGFR-mutant NSCLC patients with LM, who had previously received treatment at the Shandong Cancer Hospital and Institute from July 2014 to March 2018 were reviewed retrospectively. LM was diagnosed by positive CSF cytology and/or leptomeningeal-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Survival was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: In total, 51 EGFR-mutated NSCLC patients with LM were eligible for analysis, subdivided into 26 in the WBRT group and 25 in the non-WBRT group. No significant differences were observed in intracranial ORR (15.4% vs. 16%, p = 0.952) and DCR (34.7% vs. 28%, p = 0.611) between the two groups. The median iPFSLM and OSLM for the entire cohort were 3.3 months (95% CI: 2.77-3.83) and 12.6 months (95% CI: 9.66-15.54), respectively. No difference in iPFSLM was observed between the WBRT and non-WBRT groups (median 3.9 vs. 2.8 months; HR = 0.506, p = 0.052). The median OSLM was 13.6 months in the WBRT group, compared with 5.7 months in the non-WBRT group (HR = 0.454, p = 0.022). Multivariate analyses of OSLM showed that KPS ≥ 80 at the time of LM diagnosis (HR = 0.428, 95% CI: 0.19-0.94; p = 0.034) and the administration of EGFR-TKIs (HR = 0.258, 95% CI: 0.11-0.58; p = 0.001) were independent predictors of survival, but WBRT (HR = 0.49, 95% CI: 0.24-1.01; p = 0.54) was not. Toxicities associated with WBRT or other treatment were rare. CONCLUSION: For EGFR-mutated NSCLC patients with LM, WBRT did not improve intracranial treatment response and survival statistically.

9.
J Mater Chem B ; 7(39): 5972-5982, 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31528896

RESUMO

"Green chemistry" is a newly developed approach that uses natural products to fabricate drug delivery systems; it has many advantages, such as low cost, simplicity, rapidity and environmental friendliness. In this study, we fabricated doxorubicin-loaded gold nanoclusters via a "green chemistry" method, involving the use of green tea extract to realize combinational photothermal and chemotherapy against melanoma. Green tea extract acted as a reducing agent of chloroauric acid and a stabilizer of the nanoclusters, and it also provided a co-polymerization site for doxorubicin. Gold nanoclusters were formed in the presence of the reductive polyphenols in the green tea extract. The accordingly converted polyphenol oxides could assemble into oligomers to stabilize the formulated nanoclusters while co-polymerizing with doxorubicin through π-π stacking and electrostatic interactions. This drug delivery system showed good stability, pH-sensitive drug release properties and enhanced cellular uptake. In vitro and in vivo experiments both demonstrated that our system with combinational photothermal and chemotherapy could achieve significantly enhanced tumor growth inhibition compared to monotherapy. Overall, this platform may provide a safe and efficient strategy for cancer treatment and new insight into green, natural extracts for nanoparticle fabrication.

11.
Future Oncol ; 15(29): 3367-3379, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31424272

RESUMO

Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate the predictive power of the systemic immune inflammation index (SII) based on neutrophil (N), platelet (P) and lymphocyte (L) on the clinical outcomes of patients with SCLC. Patients & methods: Blood samples of 228 patients were obtained 1 week before treatment to measure the SII (SII = P × N/L). Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox regression models. Results: Higher SII was associated with poorer OS (p < 0.001) and poorer PFS (p < 0.001). Multivariable analyses further revealed SII as an independent prognostic factor for OS (p < 0.001) and PFS (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Pretreatment SII was a valuable prognostic factor for PFS and OS in SCLC patients.

12.
Arch Virol ; 164(10): 2627-2630, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31363923

RESUMO

A lytic bacteriophage, designated Vibrio phage vB_VpP_BA6, was isolated from sewage collected in Guangzhou, China. The double-stranded DNA genome of phage BA6 is composed of 50,520 bp with a G+C content of 41.77%. It possesses 64 open reading frames relating to phage structure, packaging, host lysis, DNA metabolism, and additional functions. Three tRNAs genes (encoding Pro, Ile and Trp) were detected. Comparison of its genomic features and phylogenetic analysis revealed that phage BA6 is a novel member of the family Podoviridae. This phage may represent a potential therapeutic agent against multidrug-resistant Vibrio parahaemolyticus.


Assuntos
Bacteriófagos/genética , Bacteriófagos/isolamento & purificação , Genoma Viral , Podoviridae/genética , Podoviridae/isolamento & purificação , Vibrio parahaemolyticus/virologia , Bacteriólise , Bacteriófagos/classificação , Bacteriófagos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Composição de Bases , China , DNA/química , DNA/genética , Fases de Leitura Aberta , Filogenia , Podoviridae/classificação , Podoviridae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , RNA de Transferência/genética , Esgotos/virologia
13.
Clin Lung Cancer ; 20(6): 412-419, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31300364

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to investigate the value of incorporation 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) for improving prediction of clinical outcomes of patients with locally advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (LA NSCLC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 138 patients with unresectable LA NSCLC at our institution from July 2010 to August 2017. Spearman correlation analyses were used to estimate the correlations between SUVmax and NLR level. The univariate and multivariate Cox survival analyses were used to evaluate the prognostic indicators, including the incorporation of SUVmax and NLR. We defined the SUVmax and NLR grade (SNG = 0, 1, or 2) score as the number of risk factors among (1) SUVmax > 11.95 and (2) NLR > 3.82. The SNG score prognostic value was evaluated for overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). RESULTS: Univariate analysis showed that tumor stage, SUVmax, SUVmean, NLR, and SNG score were significantly associated with OS and PFS in patients with LA NSCLC. Kaplan-Meier analysis and log-rank test demonstrated significant differences in both OS and PFS among patients in SNG score (OS, P < .001; PFS, P < .001). Spearman correlation analyses showed that SUVmax had a correlation with the NLR (r = 0.237; P = .005). In subgroup analyses for patients with tumor pathologic stage IIIA/IIIB, we found that the SNG score was significantly associated with OS and PFS in each subgroup (P < .001, P < .001 for OS and P = .027, P < .001 for PFS, respectively). Multivariate analysis showed that the SNG score was a significantly independent prognostic factor for OS (hazard ratio, 1.612; 95% confidence interval, 1.157-2.246; P = .005) and PFS (hazard ratio, 2.241; 95% confidence interval, 1.486-3.379; P < .001). CONCLUSION: Incorporation of the SUVmax and NLR improves prediction of clinical outcomes in patients with LA NSCLC.

14.
Arch Pharm (Weinheim) ; 352(8): e1900024, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31338897

RESUMO

A series of novel 3-(thiophen-2-ylthio)pyridine derivatives as insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R) inhibitors was designed and synthesized. IGF-1R kinase inhibitory activities and cytotoxicities against HepG2 and WSU-DLCL2 cell lines were tested. For all of these compounds, potent cancer cell proliferation inhibitory activities were observed, but not through the inhibition of IGR-1R. Selected compounds were further screened against various kinases. Typical compound 22 (50% inhibitory concentration [IC50 ] values, HepG2: 2.98 ± 1.11 µM and WSU-DLCL2: 4.34 ± 0.84 µM) exhibited good inhibitory activities against fibroblast growth factor receptor-2 (FGFR2), FGFR3, epidermal growth factor receptor, Janus kinase, and RON (receptor originated from Nantes), with IC50 values ranging from 2.14 to 12.20 µM. Additionally, the cell-cycle analysis showed that compound 22 could arrest HepG2 cells in the G1/G0 phase. Taken together, all the experiments confirmed that the compounds in this series were multitarget anticancer agents worth further optimizing.

15.
New Phytol ; 224(2): 961-973, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31168798

RESUMO

De-domestication is a unique evolutionary process during which crops re-acquire wild-like traits to survive and persist in agricultural fields without the need for human cultivation. The re-acquisition of seed dispersal mechanisms is crucial for crop de-domestication. Common wheat is an important cereal crop worldwide. Tibetan semi-wild wheat is a potential de-domesticated common wheat subspecies. However, the crucial genes responsible for its brittle rachis trait have not been identified. Genetic mapping, functional analyses and phylogenetic analyses were completed to identify the gene associated with Qbr.sau-5A, which is a major locus for the brittle rachis trait of Tibetan semi-wild wheat. The cloned Qbr.sau-5A gene is a new Q allele (Qt ) with a 161-bp transposon insertion in exon 5. Although Qt is expressed normally, its encoded peptide lacks some key features of the APETALA2 family. The abnormal functions of Qt in developing wheat spikes result in brittle rachises. Phylogenetic and genotyping analyses confirmed that Qt originated from Q in common wheat and is naturally distributed only in Tibetan semi-wild wheat populations. The identification of Qt provides new evidence regarding the origin of Tibetan semi-wild wheat, and new insights into the re-acquisition of wild traits during crop de-domestication.

16.
Neural Plast ; 2019: 6856327, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31093272

RESUMO

Tau hyperphosphorylation is a typical pathological change in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and is involved in the early onset and progression of AD. Epigenetic modification refers to heritable alterations in gene expression that are not caused by direct changes in the DNA sequence of the gene. Epigenetic modifications, such as noncoding RNA regulation, DNA methylation, and histone modification, can directly or indirectly affect the regulation of tau phosphorylation, thereby participating in AD development and progression. This review summarizes the current research progress on the mechanisms of epigenetic modification associated with tau phosphorylation.

17.
BMC Genomics ; 20(1): 390, 2019 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31109305

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Phytohormones are key regulators of plant growth, development, and signalling networks involved in responses to diverse biotic and abiotic stresses. Transcriptional reference maps of hormone responses have been reported for several model plant species such as Arabidopsis thaliana, Oryza sativa, and Brachypodium distachyon. However, because of species differences and the complexity of the wheat genome, these transcriptome data are not appropriate reference material for wheat studies. RESULTS: We comprehensively analysed the transcriptomic responses in wheat spikes to seven phytohormones, including indole acetic acid (IAA), gibberellic acid (GA), abscisic acid (ABA), ethylene (ET), cytokinin (CK), salicylic acid (SA), and methyl jasmonic acid (MeJA). A total of 3386 genes were differentially expressed at 24 h after the hormone treatments. Furthermore, 22.7% of these genes exhibited overlapping transcriptional responses for at least two hormones, implying there is crosstalk among phytohormones. We subsequently identified genes with expression levels that were significantly and differentially induced by a specific phytohormone (i.e., hormone-specific responses). The data for these hormone-responsive genes were then compared with the transcriptome data for wheat spikes exposed to biotic (Fusarium head blight) and abiotic (water deficit) stresses. CONCLUSION: Our data were used to develop a transcriptional reference map of hormone responses in wheat spikes.


Assuntos
Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/farmacologia , Transcriptoma , Triticum/genética , Desidratação/genética , Desidratação/metabolismo , Flores/efeitos dos fármacos , Flores/genética , Flores/metabolismo , Fusarium , Doenças das Plantas/genética , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Transcriptoma/efeitos dos fármacos , Triticum/efeitos dos fármacos , Triticum/metabolismo , Triticum/microbiologia
18.
Arch Virol ; 164(7): 1927-1929, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31011817

RESUMO

In the study, three Bacillus cereus-specific phages, named DK1, DK2 and DK3, belonging to the family Podoviridae, were isolated from Pearl River water and sludge in Guangzhou, China. The genomes of DK1, DK2 and DK3 were 27,180 bp, 26,357 bp, and 26,865 bp in length and contained 49, 45 and 46 open reading frames, respectively. Among the three phages, DK2 shared the highest genome sequence similarity (96% identity) with DK3. Genes encoding rRNA, tRNA, virulence factors and antibiotic resistance were absent in these phage genomes. In addition, comparative genomic and phylogenetic analysis revealed that they were novel phages of B. cereus. Each genome encoded a putative endolysin that might be of value for the control of the foodborne pathogen B. cereus.


Assuntos
Bacillus cereus/virologia , Genoma Viral/genética , Podoviridae/genética , Podoviridae/isolamento & purificação , Rios/virologia , Esgotos/virologia , China , Endopeptidases/genética , Fases de Leitura Aberta , Podoviridae/classificação
19.
Neuro Endocrinol Lett ; 39(8): 561-566, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30927761

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Retina degeneration is a set of disease that can be characterized by progressive loss of rod or cone photoreceptors that can experience higher light exposure compared with other parts of our body. MATERIAL AND METHODS: To investigate in diabetic mice the effects of different light on retinal photoreceptor and its related mechanisms, 4-6 weeks male Balb/c mices were randomly divided into control group, light treatment group (light 1 and light 2), light treatment with filter membrane group (LFM1 and LFM2), light treatment filter blue light group (LFB), diabetic group (DM), diabetic with light treatment group (DM+Light), diabetic light treatment with filter membrane group (DM+LFM1 and DM+LFM2), diabetic light treatment with filter blue light group (DM+LFB). Electroretinography (ERG) was used to assess retinal function. H&E staining was used to observe the morphology and measure the outer nuclear layer thickness in the retina. The related gene expression was detected by Real-time PCR. RESULTS: Light can significantly reduce the retinal function, outer nuclear layer thickness, and Trx expression. After different kinds of membranes and blue light filter treatments, the outer nuclear layer thickness, Nrf2, Trx expression can be improved in diabetic mice. However, the expression of Txnip and ASK1 was decreased. CONCLUSTION: Light can increase the photoreceptor damage in diabetic mice. The reduction of light intensity and change in the visible light components can reduce the light-induced damage in diabetic mice, and the mechanism may be related to up-regulation the antioxidant protein Trx expression.

20.
J Transl Med ; 17(1): 120, 2019 04 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30971280

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) shows a remarkable local control of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) metastases, partially as a result of host immune status. However, the predictors of immune cells for tumor response after SABR are unknown. To that effect, we investigated the ability of pre-SABR immune cells in peripheral blood to predict early tumor response to SABR in patients with lung metastases from NSCLC. METHODS: This study included 70 patients with lung metastases from NSCLC who were undergoing SABR. We evaluated the early tumor response 1 month and 6 months after SABR in these patients following RECIST 1.1 guidelines. Pre-SABR peripheral CD8+ T cell count, CD8+CD28+ T-cell count, CD8+CD28- T-cell count, CD4+ T-cell count, and Treg-cell count were measured using flow cytometry. RESULTS: Increased CD8+CD28+ T-cell counts (14.43 ± 0.65 vs. 10.21 ± 0.66; P = 0.001) and CD4/Treg ratio (16.96 ± 1.76 vs. 11.91 ± 0.74; P = 0.011) were noted in 1-month responsive patients, compared with non-responsive patients. In univariate logistic analyses, high CD8+CD28+ T-cell counts (OR 0.12, 95% CI 0.03-0.48; P = 0.003), CD4/Treg ratio (OR 0.24, 95% CI 0.06-0.90; P = 0.035), and BED10 (OR 0.91, 95% CI 0.84-0.99; P = 0.032) predicted a 1-month tumor response to SABR. According to multivariate logistic analyses, the CD8+CD28+ T-cell count predicted a 1-month tumor response to SABR (OR 0.19, 95% CI 0.04-0.90; P = 0.037) independently. Furthermore, we confirmed the independent predictive value of the CD8+CD28+ T-cell count in predicting tumor response to SABR in 41 patients 6 months after treatment (OR 0.08, 95% CI 0.01-0.85; P = 0.039). CONCLUSIONS: A pre-SABR CD8+CD28+ T-cell count could predict early tumor response to SABR in patients with lung metastases from NSCLC. Larger, independently prospective analyses are warranted to verify our findings.

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