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1.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(17): 9194-9201, 2020 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32295882

RESUMO

Promotion of C-C bonds is one of the key fundamental questions in the field of CO2 electroreduction. Much progress has occurred in developing bulk-derived Cu-based electrodes for CO2-to-multicarbons (CO2-to-C2+), especially in the widely studied class of high-surface-area "oxide-derived" copper. However, fundamental understanding into the structural characteristics responsible for efficient C-C formation is restricted by the intrinsic activity of these catalysts often being comparable to polycrystalline copper foil. By closely probing a Cu nanoparticle (NP) ensemble catalyst active for CO2-to-C2+, we show that bias-induced rapid fusion or "electrochemical scrambling" of Cu NPs creates disordered structures intrinsically active for low overpotential C2+ formation, exhibiting around sevenfold enhancement in C2+ turnover over crystalline Cu. Integrating ex situ, passivated ex situ, and in situ analyses reveals that the scrambled state exhibits several structural signatures: a distinct transition to single-crystal Cu2O cubes upon air exposure, low crystallinity upon passivation, and high mobility under bias. These findings suggest that disordered copper structures facilitate C-C bond formation from CO2 and that electrochemical nanocrystal scrambling is an avenue toward creating such catalysts.

2.
ACS Nano ; 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32057230

RESUMO

Halide perovskites have many important optoelectronic properties, including high emission efficiency, high absorption coefficients, color purity, and tunable emission wavelength, which makes these materials promising for optoelectronic applications. However, the inability to precisely control large-scale patterned growth of halide perovskites limits their potential toward various device applications. Here, we report a patterning method for the growth of a cesium lead halide perovskite single crystal array. Our approach consists of two steps: (1) cesium halide salt arrays patterning and (2) chemical vapor transport process to convert salt arrays into single crystal perovskite arrays. Characterizations including energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and photoluminescence have been employed to confirm the chemical compositions and the optical properties of the as-synthesized perovskite arrays. This patterning method enables the patterning of single crystal cesium lead halide perovskite arrays with tunable spacing (from 2 to 20 µm) and crystal size (from 200 nm to 1.2 µm) in high production yield (almost every pixel in the array is successfully grown with converted perovskite crystals). Our large-scale patterning method renders a platform for the study of fundamental properties and opportunities for perovskite-based optoelectronic applications.

3.
Sci Adv ; 6(4): eaay4045, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32042900

RESUMO

Achieving perovskite-based high-color purity blue-emitting light-emitting diodes (LEDs) is still challenging. Here, we report successful synthesis of a series of blue-emissive two-dimensional Ruddlesden-Popper phase single crystals and their high-color purity blue-emitting LED demonstrations. Although this approach successfully achieves a series of bandgap emissions based on the different layer thicknesses, it still suffers from a conventional temperature-induced device degradation mechanism during high-voltage operations. To understand the underlying mechanism, we further elucidate temperature-induced device degradation by investigating the crystal structural and spectral evolution dynamics via in situ temperature-dependent single-crystal x-ray diffraction, photoluminescence (PL) characterization, and density functional theory calculation. The PL peak becomes asymmetrically broadened with a marked intensity decay, as temperature increases owing to [PbBr6]4- octahedra tilting and the organic chain disordering, which results in bandgap decrease. This study indicates that careful heat management under LED operation is a key factor to maintain the sharp and intense emission.

4.
Zygote ; : 1-10, 2020 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31933449

RESUMO

Studies have indicated that psychological stress impairs human fertility and that various stressors can induce apoptosis of testicular cells. However, the mechanisms by which psychological stress on males reduces semen quality and stressors induce apoptosis in testicular cells are largely unclear. Using a psychological (restraint) stress mouse model, we tested whether male psychological stress triggers apoptosis of spermatozoa and spermatogenic cells through activating tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α signalling. Wild-type or TNF-α-/- male mice were restrained for 48 h before examination for apoptosis and expression of TNF-α and TNF receptor 1 (TNFR1) in spermatozoa, epididymis, seminiferous tubules and spermatogenic cells. The results showed that male restraint significantly decreased fertilization rate and mitochondrial membrane potential, while increasing levels of malondialdehyde, active caspase-3, TNF-α and TNFR1 in spermatozoa. Male restraint also increased apoptosis and expression of TNF-α and TNFR1 in caudae epididymides, seminiferous tubules and spermatogenic cells. Sperm quality was also significantly impaired when spermatozoa were recovered 35 days after male restraint. The restraint-induced damage to spermatozoa, epididymis and seminiferous tubules was significantly ameliorated in TNF-α-/- mice. Furthermore, incubation with soluble TNF-α significantly reduced sperm motility and fertilizing potential. Taken together, the results demonstrated that male psychological stress induces apoptosis in spermatozoa and spermatogenic cells through activating the TNF-α system and that the stress-induced apoptosis in spermatogenic cells can be translated into impaired quality in future spermatozoa.

5.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(47): 23404-23409, 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685626

RESUMO

Phase transitions in halide perovskites triggered by external stimuli generate significantly different material properties, providing a great opportunity for broad applications. Here, we demonstrate an In-based, charge-ordered (In+/In3+) inorganic halide perovskite with the composition of Cs2In(I)In(III)Cl6 in which a pressure-driven semiconductor-to-metal phase transition exists. The single crystals, synthesized via a solid-state reaction method, crystallize in a distorted perovskite structure with space group I4/m with a = 17.2604(12) Å, c = 11.0113(16) Å if both the strong reflections and superstructures are considered. The supercell was further confirmed by rotation electron diffraction measurement. The pressure-induced semiconductor-to-metal phase transition was demonstrated by high-pressure Raman and absorbance spectroscopies and was consistent with theoretical modeling. This type of charge-ordered inorganic halide perovskite with a pressure-induced semiconductor-to-metal phase transition may inspire a range of potential applications.

6.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(33): 13028-13032, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31386354

RESUMO

The self-assembly of nanoparticles, a process whereby nanocrystal building blocks organize into even more ordered superstructures, is of great interest to nanoscience. Here we report the layer-by-layer assembly of 2D perovskite nanosheet building blocks. Structural analysis reveals that the assembled superlattice nanocrystals match with the layered Ruddlesden-Popper perovskite phase. This assembly proves reversible, as these superlattice nanocrystals can be reversibly exfoliated back into their building blocks via sonication. This study demonstrates the opportunity to further understand and exploit thermodynamics to increase order in a system of nanoparticles and to study emergent optical properties of a superlattice from 2D, weakly attracted, perovskite building blocks.

7.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 115(47): 11929-11934, 2018 11 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30397127

RESUMO

Facile ionic transport in lead halide perovskites plays a critical role in device performance. Understanding the microscopic origins of high ionic conductivities has been complicated by indirect measurements and sample microstructural heterogeneities. Here, we report the direct visualization of halide anion interdiffusion in CsPbCl3-CsPbBr3 single crystalline perovskite nanowire heterojunctions using wide-field and confocal photoluminescence measurements. The combination of nanoscale imaging techniques with these single crystalline materials allows us to measure intrinsic anionic lattice diffusivities, free from complications of microscale inhomogeneity. Halide diffusivities were found to be between 10-13 and ∼10-12 cm2/second at about 100 °C, which are several orders of magnitudes lower than those reported in polycrystalline thin films. Spatially resolved photoluminescence lifetimes and surface potential measurements provide evidence of the central role of halide vacancies in facilitating ionic diffusion. Vacancy formation free energies computed from molecular simulation are small due to the easily deformable perovskite lattice, accounting for the high equilibrium vacancy concentration. Furthermore, molecular simulations suggest that ionic motion is facilitated by low-frequency lattice modes, resulting in low activation barriers for vacancy-mediated transport. This work elucidates the intrinsic solid-state ion diffusion mechanisms in this class of semisoft materials and offers guidelines for engineering materials with long-term stability in functional devices.

8.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 115(36): 8889-8894, 2018 09 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30127004

RESUMO

Semiconductor p-n junctions are fundamental building blocks for modern optical and electronic devices. The p- and n-type regions are typically created by chemical doping process. Here we show that in the new class of halide perovskite semiconductors, the p-n junctions can be readily induced through a localized thermal-driven phase transition. We demonstrate this p-n junction formation in a single-crystalline halide perovskite CsSnI3 nanowire (NW). This material undergoes a phase transition from a double-chain yellow (Y) phase to an orthorhombic black (B) phase. The formation energies of the cation and anion vacancies in these two phases are significantly different, which leads to n- and p- type electrical characteristics for Y and B phases, respectively. Interface formation between these two phases and directional interface propagation within a single NW are directly observed under cathodoluminescence (CL) microscopy. Current rectification is demonstrated for the p-n junction formed with this localized thermal-driven phase transition.

9.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 10(7): 1745-1757, 2018 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30048240

RESUMO

Although previous studies indicated that cumulus cells (CCs) accelerate oocyte aging by releasing soluble factors, the factors have yet to be characterized. While demonstrating that CCs promoted oocyte aging by releasing soluble Fas ligand (sFasL), our recent study suggested that CCs might secrete other factors to mediate oocyte aging as well. This study tested whether CCs accelerate oocyte aging by secreting tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α. The results showed that mouse CCs undergoing apoptosis released soluble TNF-α (sTNF-α) during in vitro aging. While ethanol activation rates were higher, the maturation-promoting factor (MPF) activity was lower significantly after culture of cumulus-denuded oocytes (DOs) in medium conditioned with CCs for 36 h than in medium conditioned for 24 h. Aging mouse oocytes expressed TNF-receptor 1. The CCs released equal amounts of sTNF-α and sFasL during aging in vitro, and the TNF-α-knockdown CCs secreted less sFasL than the control CCs did. Treatment of DOs in vitro with sTNF-α significantly accelerated their aging. The aging-promoting effect of sTNF-α was significantly reduced in TNF-α-knocked-down CCs and in CCs from the TNF-α-knockout mice. It is concluded that mouse CCs accelerate oocyte aging by secreting sTNF-α as well as sFasL.


Assuntos
Senescência Celular/fisiologia , Células do Cúmulo/metabolismo , Oócitos/fisiologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/fisiologia , Células Cultivadas , Cromossomos , Técnicas de Cocultura , Proteína Ligante Fas/genética , Proteína Ligante Fas/metabolismo , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/fisiologia , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Ovulação/fisiologia , Receptores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/genética , Receptores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Fuso Acromático/fisiologia
10.
Nano Lett ; 18(6): 3538-3542, 2018 06 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29771532

RESUMO

Alloying different semiconductors is a powerful approach to tuning the optical and electronic properties of semiconductor materials. In halide perovskites (ABX3), alloys with different anions have been widely studied, and great band gap tunability in the visible range has been achieved. However, perovskite alloys with different cations at the "B" site are less understood due to the synthetic challenges. Herein, we first have developed the synthesis of single-crystalline CsPb xSn1- xI3 nanowires (NWs). The electronic band gaps of CsPb xSn1- xI3 NWs can be tuned from 1.3 to 1.78 eV by varying the Pb/Sn ratio, which leads to the tunable photoluminescence (PL) in the near-infrared range. More importantly, we found that the electrical conductivity increases as more Sn2+ is alloyed with Pb2+, possibly due to the increase of charge carrier concentration when more Sn2+ is introduced. The wide tunability of the optical and electronic properties makes CsPb xSn1- xI3 alloy NWs promising candidates for future optoelectronic device applications.

11.
Biol Reprod ; 99(4): 828-837, 2018 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29668880

RESUMO

Mechanisms by which psychological stress damages oocytes are largely undetermined. Although a previous study showed that the stress-induced corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH) elevation impaired oocyte competence by triggering apoptosis of ovarian cells, how CRH causes apoptosis in ovarian cells and oocytes is unknown. In this study, we have examined the hypothesis that restraint stress (RS)-induced CRH elevation triggers apoptosis of ovarian cells and impairs oocyte competence through activating the Fas/FasL system. The results showed that RS of female mice impaired oocyte competence, enhanced expression of CRH and CRH receptor (CRH-R) in the ovary, and induced apoptosis while activating the Fas/FasL system in mural granulosa cells (MGCs) and oocytes. Injecting mice with CRH-R1 antagonist antalarmin significantly alleviated the adverse effect of RS on oocyte developmental potential. Treatment of cultured MGCs recapitulated the effects of CRH and antalarmin on apoptosis and Fas/FasL expression in MGCs. Silencing FasL gene by RNA interference in cultured MGCs further confirmed the involvement of the Fas/FasL system in the CRH triggered apoptosis of ovarian cells. It is concluded that the RS-induced CRH elevation triggers apoptosis of ovarian cells and impairs oocyte competence via activation of the Fas/FasL system.


Assuntos
Hormônio Liberador da Corticotropina/metabolismo , Proteína Ligante Fas/metabolismo , Oócitos/metabolismo , Ovário/citologia , Ovário/metabolismo , Restrição Física/fisiologia , Receptor fas/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/fisiologia , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Células da Granulosa/citologia , Células da Granulosa/metabolismo , Camundongos , Oócitos/citologia , Oócitos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Receptores de Hormônio Liberador da Corticotropina/metabolismo , Restrição Física/efeitos adversos , Restrição Física/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico
12.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 114(33): 8693-8697, 2017 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28760988

RESUMO

Controlling the flow of thermal energy is crucial to numerous applications ranging from microelectronic devices to energy storage and energy conversion devices. Here, we report ultralow lattice thermal conductivities of solution-synthesized, single-crystalline all-inorganic halide perovskite nanowires composed of CsPbI3 (0.45 ± 0.05 W·m-1·K-1), CsPbBr3 (0.42 ± 0.04 W·m-1·K-1), and CsSnI3 (0.38 ± 0.04 W·m-1·K-1). We attribute this ultralow thermal conductivity to the cluster rattling mechanism, wherein strong optical-acoustic phonon scatterings are driven by a mixture of 0D/1D/2D collective motions. Remarkably, CsSnI3 possesses a rare combination of ultralow thermal conductivity, high electrical conductivity (282 S·cm-1), and high hole mobility (394 cm2·V-1·s-1). The unique thermal transport properties in all-inorganic halide perovskites hold promise for diverse applications such as phononic and thermoelectric devices. Furthermore, the insights obtained from this work suggest an opportunity to discover low thermal conductivity materials among unexplored inorganic crystals beyond caged and layered structures.

13.
Sci Rep ; 6: 39497, 2016 12 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28000794

RESUMO

While effects of gestational, neonatal or adolescent stress on psychological alterations in progeny have been extensively studied, much less is known regarding the effects of adult pre-gestational life events on offspring behavior. Although full siblings often display behavioral differences, whether the different parental life events prior to different pregnancies contribute to these behavioral differences among siblings is worth studying. In this study, male and female adult mice were restrained for 60 days before mating with unstressed or stressed partners. F1 offspring were examined for anxiety or mated to generate F2. Both F1 females and males from restrained mothers and/or fathers showed significantly reduced anxiety and serum cortisol and increased mRNA levels of glucocorticoid receptor and brain-derived neurotrophic factor compared to control offspring from unstressed parents. Similar behavioral and molecular changes were also observed in F2 females and males. Although restraint of adolescent mice reduced anxiety in F1 of both sexes, social instability of them increased anxiety predominantly in F1 females. Thus, adult pre-gestational restraint reduced offspring's anxiety across generations; different stressors on parents may cause different phenotypes in offspring; individual behaviors can depend on adult life experiences of parents.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/etiologia , Depressão/etiologia , Estresse Psicológico/genética , Animais , Transtornos de Ansiedade , Comportamento Animal , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo , Cruzamentos Genéticos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/metabolismo , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Hidrocortisona/sangue , Masculino , Aprendizagem em Labirinto/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Fenótipo , Gravidez , Receptores de Glucocorticoides/metabolismo , Restrição Física , Fatores Sexuais
14.
Nano Lett ; 16(9): 5675-80, 2016 09 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27494433

RESUMO

Reducing carbon dioxide with a multicomponent artificial photosynthetic system, closely mimicking nature, represents a promising approach for energy storage. Previous works have focused on exploiting light-harvesting semiconductor nanowires (NW) for photoelectrochemical water splitting. With the newly developed CO2 reduction nanoparticle (NP) catalysts, direct interfacing of these nanocatalysts with NW light absorbers for photoelectrochemical reduction of CO2 becomes feasible. Here, we demonstrate a directed assembly of NP catalysts on vertical NW substrates for CO2-to-CO conversion under illumination. Guided by the one-dimensional geometry, well-dispersed assembly of Au3Cu NPs on the surface of Si NW arrays was achieved with facile coverage tunability. Such Au3Cu NP decorated Si NW arrays can readily serve as effective CO2 reduction photoelectrodes, exhibiting high CO2-to-CO selectivity close to 80% at -0.20 V vs RHE with suppressed hydrogen evolution. A reduction of 120 mV overpotential compared to the planar (PL) counterpart was observed resulting from the optimized spatial arrangement of NP catalysts on the high surface area NW arrays. In addition, this system showed consistent photoelectrochemical CO2 reduction capability up to 18 h. This simple photoelectrode assembly process will lead to further progress in artificial photosynthesis, by allowing the combination of developments in each subfield to create an efficient light-driven system generating carbon-based fuels.

15.
Nano Lett ; 16(7): 4133-40, 2016 07 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27243378

RESUMO

Thermal transport in silicon nanowires has captured the attention of scientists for understanding phonon transport at the nanoscale, and the thermoelectric figure-of-merit (ZT) reported in rough nanowires has inspired engineers to develop cost-effective waste heat recovery systems. Thermoelectric generators composed of silicon target high-temperature applications due to improved efficiency beyond 550 K. However, there have been no studies of thermal transport in silicon nanowires beyond room temperature. High-temperature measurements also enable studies of unanswered questions regarding the impact of surface boundaries and varying mode contributions as the highest vibrational modes are activated (Debye temperature of silicon is 645 K). Here, we develop a technique to investigate thermal transport in nanowires up to 700 K. Our thermal conductivity measurements on smooth silicon nanowires show the classical diameter dependence from 40 to 120 nm. In conjunction with Boltzmann transport equation, we also probe an increasing contribution of high-frequency phonons (optical phonons) in smooth silicon nanowires as the diameter decreases and the temperature increases. Thermal conductivity of rough silicon nanowires is significantly reduced throughout the temperature range, demonstrating a potential for efficient thermoelectric generation (e.g., ZT = 1 at 700 K).

16.
J Am Chem Soc ; 138(23): 7236-9, 2016 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27213511

RESUMO

Here, we demonstrate the successful synthesis of brightly emitting colloidal cesium lead halide (CsPbX3, X = Cl, Br, I) nanowires (NWs) with uniform diameters and tunable compositions. By using highly monodisperse CsPbBr3 NWs as templates, the NW composition can be independently controlled through anion-exchange reactions. CsPbX3 alloy NWs with a wide range of alloy compositions can be achieved with well-preserved morphology and crystal structure. The NWs are highly luminescent with photoluminescence quantum yields (PLQY) ranging from 20% to 80%. The bright photoluminescence can be tuned over nearly the entire visible spectrum. The high PLQYs together with charge transport measurements exemplify the efficient alloying of the anionic sublattice in a one-dimensional CsPbX3 system. The wires increased functionality in the form of fast photoresponse rates and the low defect density suggest CsPbX3 NWs as prospective materials for optoelectronic applications.

17.
Nat Nanotechnol ; 11(7): 609-12, 2016 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27018660

RESUMO

Photoelectrochemistry is one of several promising approaches for the realization of efficient solar-to-fuel conversion. Recent work has shown that photoelectrodes made of semiconductor nano-/microwire arrays can have better photoelectrochemical performance than their planar counterparts because of their unique properties, such as high surface area. Although considerable research effort has focused on studying wire arrays, the inhomogeneity in the geometry, doping, defects and catalyst loading present in such arrays can obscure the link between these properties and the photoelectrochemical performance of the wires, and correlating performance with the specific properties of individual wires is difficult because of ensemble averaging. Here, we show that a single-nanowire-based photoelectrode platform can be used to reliably probe the current-voltage (I-V) characteristics of individual nanowires. We find that the photovoltage output of ensemble array samples can be limited by poorly performing individual wires, which highlights the importance of improving nanowire homogeneity within an array. Furthermore, the platform allows the flux of photogenerated electrons to be quantified as a function of the lengths and diameters of individual nanowires, and we find that the flux over the entire nanowire surface (7-30 electrons nm(-2) s(-1)) is significantly reduced as compared with that of a planar analogue (∼1,200 electrons nm(-2) s(-1)). Such characterization of the photogenerated carrier flux at the semiconductor/electrolyte interface is essential for designing nanowire photoelectrodes that match the activity of their loaded electrocatalysts.

18.
Reprod Sci ; 23(9): 1148-57, 2016 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26880768

RESUMO

AIM: Although previous studies found that 1-time acute stress applied during follicle maturation impaired oocyte competence, it is unknown whether repeated chronic stress, which is known to cause animal behavioral adaptation, would damage oocytes when applied during follicle growth. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this study, female mice were exposed to repeated restraint stress (RRS) or unpredictable stress (UPS) for different days before equine chorionic gonadotropin injection to initiate oocyte prematuration development and to observe effects of different stressors on oocytes in the growing follicles. The results showed that although oocyte pre- and postimplantation development was unaffected when mice were exposed to RRS or UPS once a day for 4 days, development was impaired when mice were exposed to RRS for 8 or more days or to UPS twice a day for 4 days (4 × 2). The 4 × 2 UPS caused more oxidative stress in oocytes and severer apoptosis in antral follicles than did the 4-day RRS. The RRS mice were stressed consistently from days 1 to 23 of restraint, and the stress that a mouse had 4 × 2 UPS was severer than that from 4-day RRS. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that (1) the degree that a stress damages oocytes is the product of duration × severity of the stress; (2) RRS impaired oocyte developmental potential through cumulative effects on growing follicles; and (3) preantral follicles were not as sensitive to stress as antral follicles were.


Assuntos
Oócitos/fisiologia , Folículo Ovariano/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Folículo Ovariano/fisiopatologia , Estresse Psicológico/fisiopatologia , Animais , Ansiedade/etiologia , Ansiedade/fisiopatologia , Apoptose , Peso Corporal , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/sangue , Glutationa/metabolismo , Hidrocortisona/sangue , Camundongos , Oócitos/metabolismo , Restrição Física , Estresse Psicológico/complicações
19.
Carbohydr Polym ; 129: 115-26, 2015 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26050896

RESUMO

This study designed and synthesized a novel cellulose-based heavy metal adsorption material. One kind of bagasse pulp cellulose was pretreated under microwave 200 W for 3 min before the epoxidation, amination and ultrasonic enhancement sulfonation reaction. Heavy metal adsorption groups N and S were grafted onto the bagasse pulp cellulose. Furthermore, the effects of solution pH, adsorption temperature, adsorbent dosage, Cu(2+) concentration, and adsorbent recycling on adsorption capacity were investigated. Under the optimum condition, the adsorption amount of Cu(2+) was 35.2mg/g adsorbent. Compared with other cellulose-based adsorbents, this kind of adsorbent could be easily prepared and effectively recycled. Except for the normal fitting of adsorption process with the Langmuir isotherm adsorption model, Freundlich isotherm adsorption model and secondary adsorption kinetics model, the solid-liquid phase adsorption mechanism was also introduced to explain the Cu(2+) adsorption process. Three consecutive stages were deeply discussed and verified, where the surface diffusion and particle internal diffusion process were the primary along with a quick adsorption of the adsorbate onto the in-hole surface of the cellulose-based adsorbent.


Assuntos
Celulose/química , Cobre/isolamento & purificação , Temperatura , Poluentes Químicos da Água/isolamento & purificação , Absorção Fisico-Química , Adsorção , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética Nuclear de Carbono-13 , Celulose/ultraestrutura , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Metais Pesados/isolamento & purificação , Soluções , Espectrometria por Raios X , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Difração de Raios X
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