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1.
J Blood Med ; 12: 883-896, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34703348

RESUMO

Introduction: High collision-risk physical activity can increase bleeding risk in people with hemophilia A, as can increasing the time between factor VIII (FVIII) administration and physical activity. FVIII prophylaxis may be tailored to planned activities to prevent activity-related bleeding. Aim: To explore the relationship between physical activity levels, FVIII infusion timing, and occurrence of bleeding in patients with severe/moderately severe hemophilia A without FVIII inhibitors receiving antihemophilic factor (recombinant) (rAHF; ADVATE®; Baxalta US Inc., a Takeda company, Lexington, MA, USA). Methods: SPACE was a 6-month, prospective, multicenter, observational outcomes study (NCT02190149). Enrolled patients received an eDiary application and a wearable activity tracker, which recorded physical activity, rAHF infusion, and occurrence of bleeding. Physical activity risks were ranked using National Hemophilia Foundation criteria. Results: Fifty-four patients aged 11-58 years (n = 47 prophylaxis, n = 7 on-demand) were included in the analysis. Patients had a mean (SD) 8.14 (10.94) annualized bleeding rate, and recorded 4980 intervals between an rAHF infusion and physical activity; 1759 (35.3%) of these intervals were ≤24 hours. Analysis of recorded eDiary data showed that the risk of activity-related bleeding did not significantly increase with time between last infusion and activity, but did increase with higher-risk physical activities. Analysis of activity tracker recorded data showed that the risk of bleeding reported by patients as spontaneous increased with prolonging time (≤24 to >24 hours) from last infusion to physical activity start (odds ratio 2.65, p < 0.05). Joint health data collected at baseline were not included in the regression analysis because of small sample size; therefore the study could not assess whether patients with more joint disease at baseline were at higher risk of injury-related and reported spontaneous occurrence of bleeding. Conclusion: These results show that activities with a high risk of collision lead to an increased risk of bleeding. Further investigation is warranted to explore potential benefits of FVIII infusion timing to reduce the risks of activity-related occurrence of bleeding.

2.
Transfusion ; 61(10): 2814-2824, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34510475

RESUMO

In March 2020, there were no treatment options for COVID-19. Passive immune therapy including anti-SARS-CoV-2 hyperimmune globulin (hIVIG) was a logical candidate for COVID-19 therapeutic trials, given past success treating emerging pathogens with endogenous neutralizing antibodies. We established a plasma collection protocol for persons recovered from COVID-19. To speed recruitment in the first U.S. hotspot, Seattle, Washington, federal and state public health agencies collaborated with Bloodworks Northwest to collect convalescent plasma (CP) for manufacturing hIVIG. During March-December 2020, we identified and recruited prospective CP donors via letters to persons recovered from COVID-19 with laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection. Prospective donors were pre-screened and administered a medical history survey. Anti-SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing antibody (NAb) titers were classified as qualifying (≥1:80) or non-qualifying (<1:80) for enrollment based on a live virus neutralization assay. Generalized estimating equations were used to identify characteristics of donors associated with qualifying versus nonqualifying NAb titers. Overall, 21,359 letters resulted in 3207 inquiries, 2159 prescreenings with laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection, and 573 donors (27% of all pre-screenings with confirmed infection) who provided a screening plasma donation. Of 573 donors screened, 254 (44%) provided plasma with qualifying NAb titers, resulting in 1284 units for hIVIG manufacture. In a multivariable model, after adjusting for other factors, time (60 days) from COVID-19 symptom onset to screening was associated with lower odds of qualifying NAb (adjusted odds ratio = 0.67, 95% CI: 0.48-0.94). The collaboration facilitated a rapid response to develop and provide hIVIG for clinical trials and CP for transfusion. Only 1 in 12 donor inquiries resulted in a qualifying plasma donation. Challenges included recruitment and the relatively low percentage of persons with high NAb titers and limited screening capacity. This resource-intensive collaboration may not be scalable but informs preparedness and response strategies for plasma collection in future epidemics. Operational readiness plans with templates for screening, consent, and data collection forms are recommended.


Assuntos
Coleta de Amostras Sanguíneas , COVID-19/terapia , Saúde Pública , Parcerias Público-Privadas , SARS-CoV-2 , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Emergências , Feminino , Humanos , Imunização Passiva , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
3.
Front Chem ; 9: 691217, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34211961

RESUMO

Human plasma fibronectin is an adhesive protein that plays a crucial role in wound healing. Many studies had indicated that glycans might mediate the expression and functions of fibronectin, yet a comprehensive understanding of its glycosylation is still missing. Here, we performed a comprehensive N- and O-glycosylation mapping of human plasma fibronectin and quantified the occurrence of each glycoform in a site-specific manner. Intact N-glycopeptides were enriched by zwitterionic hydrophilic interaction chromatography, and N-glycosite sites were localized by the 18O-labeling method. O-glycopeptide enrichment and O-glycosite identification were achieved by an enzyme-assisted site-specific extraction method. An RP-LC-MS/MS system functionalized with collision-induced dissociation and stepped normalized collision energy (sNCE)-HCD tandem mass was applied to analyze the glycoforms of fibronectin. A total of 6 N-glycosites and 53 O-glycosites were identified, which were occupied by 38 N-glycoforms and 16 O-glycoforms, respectively. Furthermore, 77.31% of N-glycans were sialylated, and O-glycosylation was dominated by the sialyl-T antigen. These site-specific glycosylation patterns on human fibronectin can facilitate functional analyses of fibronectin and therapeutics development.

4.
Res Pract Thromb Haemost ; 5(4): e12488, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34027286

RESUMO

Background: Patient-relevant health outcomes for persons with hemophilia should be identified and prioritized to optimize and individualize care for persons with hemophilia. Therefore, an international group of persons with hemophilia and multidisciplinary health care providers set out to identify a globally applicable standard set of health outcomes relevant to all individuals with hemophilia. Methods: A systematic literature search was performed to identify possible health outcomes and risk adjustment variables. Persons with hemophilia and multidisciplinary health care providers were involved in an iterative nominal consensus process to select the most important health outcomes and risk adjustment variables for persons with hemophilia. Recommendations were made for outcome measurement instruments. Results: Persons with hemophilia were defined as all men and women with an X-linked inherited bleeding disorder caused by a deficiency of coagulation factor VIII or IX with plasma activity levels <40 IU/dL. We recommend collecting the following 10 health outcomes at least annually, if applicable: (i) cure, (ii) impact of disease on life expectancy, (iii) ability to engage in normal daily activities, (iv) severe bleeding episodes, (v) number of days lost from school or work, (vi) chronic pain, (vii) disease and treatment complications, (viii) sustainability of physical functioning, (ix) social functioning, and (x) mental health. Validated clinical as well as patient-reported outcome measurement instruments were endorsed. Demographic factors, baseline clinical factors, and treatment factors were identified as risk-adjustment variables. Conclusion: A consensus-based international set of health outcomes relevant to all persons with hemophilia, and corresponding measurement instruments, was identified for use in clinical care to facilitate harmonized longitudinal monitoring and comparison of outcomes.

8.
Blood ; 137(6): 763-774, 2021 02 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067633

RESUMO

Gene therapy has the potential to maintain therapeutic blood clotting factor IX (FIX) levels in patients with hemophilia B by delivering a functional human F9 gene into liver cells. This phase 1/2, open-label dose-escalation study investigated BAX 335 (AskBio009, AAV8.sc-TTR-FIXR338Lopt), an adeno-associated virus serotype 8 (AAV8)-based FIX Padua gene therapy, in patients with hemophilia B. This report focuses on 12-month interim analyses of safety, pharmacokinetic variables, effects on FIX activity, and immune responses for dosed participants. Eight adult male participants (aged 20-69 years; range FIX activity, 0.5% to 2.0%) received 1 of 3 BAX 335 IV doses: 2.0 × 1011; 1.0 × 1012; or 3.0 × 1012 vector genomes/kg. Three (37.5%) participants had 4 serious adverse events, all considered unrelated to BAX 335. No serious adverse event led to death. No clinical thrombosis, inhibitors, or other FIX Padua-directed immunity was reported. FIX expression was measurable in 7 of 8 participants; peak FIX activity displayed dose dependence (32.0% to 58.5% in cohort 3). One participant achieved sustained therapeutic FIX activity of ∼20%, without bleeding or replacement therapy, for 4 years; in others, FIX activity was not sustained beyond 5 to 11 weeks. In contrast to some previous studies, corticosteroid treatment did not stabilize FIX activity loss. We hypothesize that the loss of transgene expression could have been caused by stimulation of innate immune responses, including CpG oligodeoxynucleotides introduced into the BAX 335 coding sequence by codon optimization. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT01687608.


Assuntos
Ilhas de CpG/genética , Fator IX/uso terapêutico , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Terapia Genética , Hemofilia B/terapia , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Fator IX/biossíntese , Fator IX/genética , Mutação com Ganho de Função , Hemofilia B/genética , Hemofilia B/imunologia , Humanos , Imunidade Inata , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Padrões Moleculares Associados a Patógenos/imunologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Rabdomiólise/etiologia , Receptor Toll-Like 9/fisiologia , Transgenes , Adulto Jovem
9.
Haemophilia ; 27 Suppl 3: 126-131, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32495492

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The goal of gene therapy for haemophilia is to alter the clinical phenotype to a milder form or even cure, by increasing endogenous coagulation factor levels through transfer of a functional gene encoding the respective deficient coagulation factor and subsequent transgene expression. Over the past decade, there has been tremendous progress in gene therapy, particularly in use of liver-directed adeno-associated viral vectors, such that several programmes for both haemophilia A and B are in phase 3 trials. With regulatory approval of the first gene therapy product expected as early as mid-2020, there is an urgent need for a mechanism to collect long-term data on safety and variability and durability of efficacy. There will be elements required by regulators for postmarketing surveillance and additional data needed to enhance our understanding of gene therapy outcomes and their impact on the lives of people with haemophilia. AIM: The aim of this manuscript was to describe efforts underway by the American Thrombosis and Hemostasis Network and the World Federation of Hemophilia to collect long-term harmonized data and considerations of the European and US regulatory agencies, which will inform ongoing data collection. METHODS: The status of data collection around gene therapy in haemophilia and important outcome measures were obtained by literature review. Each author described elements relevant to the activities of their organization. CONCLUSION: Support of all stakeholders in gene therapy, providers, patients, industry and regulators, augers successful capture of uniform long-term safety and efficacy data to ensure optimal treatment of people with haemophilia.


Assuntos
Hemofilia A , Coleta de Dados , Terapia Genética , Hemofilia A/genética , Hemofilia A/terapia , Humanos , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Transgenes
10.
Blood Adv ; 4(22): 5722-5734, 2020 11 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33216891

RESUMO

Our previous studies demonstrated that intraosseous (IO) infusion of lentiviral vectors (LVs) carrying a modified B domain-deleted factor VIII (FVIII) transgene driven by a megakaryocyte-specific promoter (GP1Bα promoter; G-F8/N6-LV) successfully transduced hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) to produce FVIII stored in the platelet α-granules. Platelet FVIII corrected the bleeding phenotype with limited efficacy in hemophilia A (HemA) mice with and without preexisting anti-FVIII inhibitors. The present study sought to further enhance the therapeutic efficacy of this treatment protocol by increasing both the efficiency of LV transduction and the functional activity of platelet FVIII. A combined drug regimen of dexamethasone and anti-CD8α monoclonal antibody enhanced the percentage of transduced bone marrow and HSCs over time. In G-F8/N6-LV-treated HemA mice, significant improvement in phenotypic correction was observed on day 84. To improve platelet FVIII functionality, genes encoding FVIII variant F8X10K12 with increased expression or F8N6K12RH with increased functional activity compared with F8/N6 were incorporated into LVs. Treatment with G-F8X10K12-LV in HemA mice produced a higher level of platelet FVIII but induced anti-FVIII inhibitors. After treatment with combined drugs and IO infusion of G-F8/N6K12RH-LV, HemA mice showed significant phenotypic correction without anti-FVIII inhibitor formation. These results indicate that new human FVIII variant F8/N6K12RH combined with immune suppression could significantly enhance the therapeutic efficacy of in vivo platelet-targeted gene therapy for murine HemA via IO delivery. This protocol provides a safe and effective treatment for hemophilia that may be translatable to and particularly beneficial for patients with preexisting inhibitory antibodies to FVIII.


Assuntos
Hemofilia A , Animais , Plaquetas , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Terapia Genética , Hemofilia A/genética , Hemofilia A/terapia , Hemostasia , Humanos , Camundongos
11.
Nature ; 586(7831): 763-768, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33057201

RESUMO

Age is the dominant risk factor for most chronic human diseases, but the mechanisms through which ageing confers this risk are largely unknown1. The age-related acquisition of somatic mutations that lead to clonal expansion in regenerating haematopoietic stem cell populations has recently been associated with both haematological cancer2-4 and coronary heart disease5-this phenomenon is termed clonal haematopoiesis of indeterminate potential (CHIP)6. Simultaneous analyses of germline and somatic whole-genome sequences provide the opportunity to identify root causes of CHIP. Here we analyse high-coverage whole-genome sequences from 97,691 participants of diverse ancestries in the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Trans-omics for Precision Medicine (TOPMed) programme, and identify 4,229 individuals with CHIP. We identify associations with blood cell, lipid and inflammatory traits that are specific to different CHIP driver genes. Association of a genome-wide set of germline genetic variants enabled the identification of three genetic loci associated with CHIP status, including one locus at TET2 that was specific to individuals of African ancestry. In silico-informed in vitro evaluation of the TET2 germline locus enabled the identification of a causal variant that disrupts a TET2 distal enhancer, resulting in increased self-renewal of haematopoietic stem cells. Overall, we observe that germline genetic variation shapes haematopoietic stem cell function, leading to CHIP through mechanisms that are specific to clonal haematopoiesis as well as shared mechanisms that lead to somatic mutations across tissues.


Assuntos
Hematopoiese Clonal/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genoma Humano/genética , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma , Adulto , África/etnologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Autorrenovação Celular/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Dioxigenases , Feminino , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa/genética , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/citologia , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/metabolismo , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (U.S.) , Fenótipo , Medicina de Precisão , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/genética , Proteínas com Motivo Tripartido/genética , Estados Unidos , alfa Carioferinas/genética
12.
N Engl J Med ; 383(11): 1018-1027, 2020 09 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32905674

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Factor VIII replacement products have improved the care of patients with hemophilia A, but the short half-life of these products affects the patients' quality of life. The half-life of recombinant factor VIII ranges from 15 to 19 hours because of the von Willebrand factor chaperone effect. BIVV001 (rFVIIIFc-VWF-XTEN) is a novel fusion protein designed to overcome this half-life ceiling and maintain high sustained factor VIII activity levels. Data are lacking on the safety and pharmacokinetics of single-dose BIVV001. METHODS: In this phase 1-2a open-label trial, we consecutively assigned 16 previously treated men (18 to 65 years of age) with severe hemophilia A (factor VIII activity, <1%) to receive a single intravenous injection of recombinant factor VIII at a dose of 25 IU per kilogram of body weight (lower-dose group) or 65 IU per kilogram (higher-dose group). This injection was followed by a washout period of at least 3 days. The patients then received a single intravenous injection of BIVV001 at the same corresponding dose of either 25 IU or 65 IU per kilogram. Adverse events and pharmacokinetic measurements were assessed. RESULTS: No inhibitors to factor VIII were detected and no hypersensitivity or anaphylaxis events were reported up to 28 days after the injection of single-dose BIVV001. The geometric mean half-life of BIVV001 was three to four times as long as that of recombinant factor VIII (37.6 hours vs. 9.1 hours in the lower-dose group and 42.5 vs. 13.2 hours in the higher-dose group); the area under the curve (AUC) for product exposure was six to seven times as great in the two dose groups (4470 hours vs. 638 hours × IU per deciliter in the lower-dose group and 12,800 hours vs. 1960 hours × IU per deciliter in the higher-dose group). After the injection of BIVV001 in the higher-dose group, the mean factor VIII level was in the normal range (≥51%) for 4 days and 17% at day 7, which suggested the possibility of a weekly interval between treatments. CONCLUSIONS: In a small, early-phase study involving men with severe hemophilia A, a single intravenous injection of BIVV001 resulted in high sustained factor VIII activity levels, with a half-life that was up to four times the half-life associated with recombinant factor VIII, an increase that could signal a new class of factor VIII replacement therapy with a weekly treatment interval. No safety concerns were reported during the 28-day period after administration. (Funded by Sanofi and Sobi; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT03205163.).


Assuntos
Fator VIII/metabolismo , Hemofilia A/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Fator VIII/antagonistas & inibidores , Meia-Vida , Hemofilia A/metabolismo , Humanos , Injeções Intravenosas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estrutura Molecular , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/efeitos adversos , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/farmacocinética , Adulto Jovem
13.
Haemophilia ; 26(4): e168-e178, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32597029

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Previous studies reported the efficacy and safety profile of extended half-life PEGylated recombinant factor VIII (FVIII) rurioctocog alfa pegol (TAK-660, SHP660, BAX 855) in preventing bleeding in haemophilia A patients. AIM: This study evaluated long-term safety and efficacy of rurioctocog alfa pegol for prophylaxis and treatment of bleeding in previously treated children and adults. METHODS: In this phase 3b, prospective, open-label, multicentre study (NCT01945593), eligible patients ≤ 75 years with severe haemophilia A (FVIII < 1%) received prophylactic rurioctocog alfa pegol in a fixed dose (FD, twice-weekly or less frequent) or pharmacokinetic (PK)-tailored dose regimen. Co-primary endpoints were incidence of confirmed FVIII inhibitory antibody development and spontaneous annualized bleed rate (ABR), analysed using a generalised linear model. Secondary endpoints included overall haemostatic efficacy, occurrence of adverse events and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). RESULTS: Overall, 216 patients were included; mean (SD) age at enrolment was 22.8 (15.7) years. No patients developed confirmed FVIII inhibitors. The point estimate (95% CI) of mean spontaneous ABR was 1.20 (0.92-1.56) among 186 patients receiving twice-weekly FD prophylaxis and 0.96 (0.54-1.71) among 25 patients receiving PK-tailored prophylaxis. Overall haemostatic efficacy was rated good or excellent in 88.6% of all bleeds. No new safety signals were observed. Patients reported improvements in HRQoL measures of pain, and physical and mental well-being. CONCLUSION: These results highlight the long-term safety and efficacy of rurioctocog alfa pegol prophylaxis in previously treated children and adults with severe haemophilia A, with a safety profile similar to previous studies and continuing ABR reduction.


Assuntos
Fator VIII/uso terapêutico , Hemofilia A/tratamento farmacológico , Hemorragia/prevenção & controle , Hemostasia/efeitos dos fármacos , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Fator VIII/administração & dosagem , Fator VIII/efeitos adversos , Fator VIII/farmacocinética , Feminino , Hemofilia A/sangue , Hemofilia A/etnologia , Humanos , Masculino , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Proteínas Recombinantes , Segurança , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
15.
Thromb Haemost ; 120(5): 728-736, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32369844

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Factor VIII (FVIII) trough levels > 1 IU/dL in patients with severe hemophilia A receiving regular prophylaxis may optimize bleed protection. OBJECTIVES: In this post hoc analysis of patients receiving tertiary prophylaxis for approximately 1 year, the relationship between estimated FVIII levels and reported bleeds was investigated to predict the potential for zero bleeds. METHODS: Sixty-three patients (median [range] age, 28 [7-59] years) with severe hemophilia A (229 bleeds) were included. FVIII levels at time of each bleed were estimated from single-dose individual pharmacokinetics. The highest estimated FVIII level at which patients experienced a bleed was considered the "potentially effective trough level" for that bleed type. Kaplan-Meier estimates of proportions of patients with no bleeds above certain estimated FVIII levels were determined. Those not experiencing a bleed in the trial were assumed to have a bleed at 0 IU/dL (pragmatic approach) or at their median trough level (conservative approach). RESULTS: Kaplan-Meier estimates based on pragmatic approach predicted zero all bleeds, joint bleeds, and spontaneous joint bleeds in 1 year in 40, 43, and 63% of patients, respectively, when the potentially effective trough FVIII level was set at 1 IU/dL. Between 1 and 10 IU/dL, every 1 IU/dL rise in estimated FVIII level was associated with an additional 2% of patients having zero all bleeds. CONCLUSION: This post hoc analysis confirms benefits with trough levels of approximately 1 to 3 IU/dL in most patients starting tertiary prophylaxis; prophylaxis with higher trough levels may help patients to achieve zero bleeds.


Assuntos
Fator VIII/farmacocinética , Hemartrose/prevenção & controle , Hemofilia A/tratamento farmacológico , Hemostasia/efeitos dos fármacos , Hemostáticos/farmacocinética , Modelos Biológicos , Prevenção Terciária , Adolescente , Adulto , Canadá , Criança , Europa (Continente) , Fator VIII/administração & dosagem , Hemartrose/sangue , Hemartrose/diagnóstico , Hemofilia A/sangue , Hemofilia A/diagnóstico , Hemostáticos/administração & dosagem , Hemostáticos/sangue , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
17.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0233576, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32442215

RESUMO

Human coagulation factor VIII (FVIII) is a key co-factor in the clotting cascade, the deficiency of which leads to Hemophilia A. Human plasma-derived (pdFVIII) and recombinant FVIII (rFVIII) had been used as effective products to prevent and treat bleeding episodes. Both FVIII products share identical amino acid sequences and appear to be equivalent as of clinical efficiency. However, systemic reviews found an increased risk of neutralizing antibody (or inhibitor) development with recombinant products. FVIII is a highly glycosylated protein, and its glycosylation pattern is specific to host cells and environments. The roles of glycosylation in immune responses toward pdFVIII and rFVIII are yet to be defined. Herein, we systemically profiled N- and O-glycomes of pdFVIII and rFVIII using a mass spectrometry-based glycoproteomic strategy. A total of 110 site-specific N-glycopeptides consisting of 61 N-glycoforms were identified quantitatively from rFVIII and pdFVIII. Additionally, 31 O-glycoforms were identified on 23 peptides from rFVIII and pdFVIII. A comprehensive comparison of their site-specific glycan profiles revealed distinct differences between the glycosylation of pdFVIII and rFVIII.


Assuntos
Fator VIII/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Glicosilação , Humanos , Plasma/metabolismo
18.
Haemophilia ; 26(3): 494-502, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32227570

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The efficacy and safety of recombinant factor VIII Fc fusion protein (rFVIIIFc) as an extended half-life treatment for severe haemophilia A were demonstrated in the Phase 3 A-LONG and Kids A-LONG studies. Eligible subjects who completed A-LONG and Kids A-LONG could enrol in ASPIRE (NCT01454739), an open-label extension study. AIM: To report the long-term safety and efficacy of rFVIIIFc in subjects with severe haemophilia A who enrolled in ASPIRE. METHODS: Previously treated subjects received one or more of the following regimens: individualized prophylaxis (IP), weekly prophylaxis, modified prophylaxis or episodic treatment. Subjects could switch treatment regimen at any time. The primary endpoint was inhibitor development. RESULTS: A total of 150 subjects from A-LONG and 61 subjects from Kids A-LONG enrolled in ASPIRE. Most subjects received the IP regimen (A-LONG: n = 110; Kids A-LONG: n = 59). Median (range) treatment duration in ASPIRE for subjects from A-LONG and Kids A-LONG was 3.9 (0.1-5.3) years and 3.2 (0.3-3.9) years, respectively. No inhibitors were observed (0 per 1000 subject-years; 95% confidence interval, 0-5.2) and the overall rFVIIIFc safety profile was consistent with prior studies. For subjects on the IP regimen, annualized bleed rates (ABR) remained low (median overall ABR for adults and adolescents was <1.0) and extended-dosing intervals were maintained (median of 3.5 days) for the majority of subjects in ASPIRE. CONCLUSION: ASPIRE results, which include up to 5 years of follow-up data, confirm earlier reports on the consistent and well-characterized safety and efficacy of rFVIIIFc treatment for severe haemophilia A.


Assuntos
Fator VIII/uso terapêutico , Hemofilia A/tratamento farmacológico , Fragmentos Fc das Imunoglobulinas/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Fator VIII/farmacologia , Feminino , Humanos , Fragmentos Fc das Imunoglobulinas/farmacologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/farmacologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
19.
J Thromb Haemost ; 18(8): 1884-1892, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32310329

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Coagulation factor V (FV), a multidomain glycoprotein, is an essential cofactor in the blood clotting cascade. FV deficiency is a rare bleeding disorder that results in poor clotting after an injury or surgery. The only treatment for the disease is infusions of fresh frozen plasma and blood platelets. Glycosylation affects the biological activity, pharmacokinetics, immunogenicity, and in vivo clearance rate of proteins in the plasma. The glycan profile of FV, as well as how it affects the activity, stability, and immunogenicity, remains unknown. METHODS: In this study, we comprehensively mapped the glycosylation patterns of human plasma-derived FV by combining multienzyme digestion, hydrophilic interaction chromatography enrichment of glycopeptides, and alternated fragmentation mass spectrometry analysis. RESULTS/CONCLUSION: A total of 57 unique N-glycopeptides and 51 O-glycopeptides were identified, which were categorized into 40 N-glycan and 17 O-glycan compositions. Such glycosylation details are fundamental for future functional studies and therapeutics development. In addition, the established methodology can be readily applied to analyze glycosylation patterns of proteins with more than 2000 amino acids.


Assuntos
Fator V , Glicopeptídeos , Glicoproteínas , Glicosilação , Humanos , Espectrometria de Massas
20.
Mol Ther Methods Clin Dev ; 17: 328-336, 2020 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32071925

RESUMO

It is well known that canine factor VIII (cFVIII) has a higher specific activity than does human FVIII (hFVIII), and it has been previously demonstrated that cFVIII light chain is able to enhance hFVIII activity. The goal of this study was to first determine which amino acids in cFVIII light chain were responsible for enhancing hFVIII activity, and second to use these amino acids to develop a hFVIII variant with enhanced functional activity. We systemically screened segments of cFVIII light chain by testing an array of human-canine light chain hybrids and found that canine amino acids 1857-2147 were key to this enhancement. Each canine amino acid within this span was screened individually using a negative selection method, which led to the identification of 12 aa (JF12) in the FVIII light chain that could enhance activity. Substitution of the corresponding 12 aa into hFVIII (hFVIIIJF12BDD) elevated the specific activity profile in vitro. Furthermore, hFVIIIJF12BDD expressed an in vivo-displayed increased coagulation activity compared to wild-type, while maintaining normal secretion efficiency. In conclusion, we identified the amino acids in cFVIII that are the key determinants for higher specific activity and may be the basis for future development of therapeutic treatments for hemophilia A.

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