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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33817960

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether the dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) score (DS) predicts clinical outcome in an East-Asian population that received exclusively second generation drug-eluting stent (DES). BACKGROUNDS: It is uncertain whether the DS could adequately risk stratify patients exclusively receiving second generation DES. METHODS: From the Grand-DES registry, we evaluated patients who were treated with DAPT for at least 12 months and were event-free at 12 months after DES implantation. Patients were classified into two categories: high DS (≧2) (n = 3,157); and low DS (<2) (n = 5,226). The primary ischemic outcome was a composite of stent thrombosis and all myocardial infarction (MI), and the primary bleeding outcome was TIMI major or minor bleeding. A propensity score (PS)-matched analysis was done to correct for baseline differences between extended DAPT group and the conventional group. RESULTS: Among 8,383 subjects, the primary ischemic outcome occurred in 48 patients (0.6%) and the primary bleeding outcome in 49 patients (0.6%). High DS was associated with a higher incidence of ischemic events (ischemic outcome: 0.8% vs. 0.4%, for high vs. low DS, Log-rank p = .039), but not with any differences in bleeding events (Log-rank p = .734). In the PS-matched analysis, extended group was associated with lower risk of composite endpoint of MI, stent thrombosis, or cardiac death in only the high DS group (1.8% vs. 3.7%, Log-rank p = .004; hazard ratio 0.45, 95% confidence interval 0.27-0.76; p = .003 after adjustment). CONCLUSIONS: The DS was an adequate risk stratifier for future ischemic events in East Asians receiving exclusively second generation DES.

3.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 9126, 2021 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33911143

RESUMO

Limited data are available regarding comparative prognosis after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) versus deferral of revascularization in patients with intermediate stenosis with abnormal fractional flow reserve (FFR) but preserved coronary flow reserve (CFR). From the International Collaboration of Comprehensive Physiologic Assessment Registry (NCT03690713), a total of 330 patients (338 vessels) who had coronary stenosis with FFR ≤ 0.80 but CFR > 2.0 were selected for the current analysis. Patient-level clinical outcome was assessed by major adverse cardiac events (MACE) at 5 years, a composite of all-cause death, target-vessel myocardial infarction (MI), or target-vessel revascularization. Among the study population, 231 patients (233 vessels) underwent PCI and 99 patients (105 vessels) were deferred. During 5 years of follow-up, cumulative incidence of MACE was 13.0% (31 patients) without significant difference between PCI and deferred groups (12.7% vs. 14.0%, adjusted HR 1.301, 95% CI 0.611-2.769, P = 0.495). Multiple sensitivity analyses by propensity score matching and inverse probability weighting also showed no significant difference in patient-level MACE and vessel-specific MI or revascularization. In this hypothesis-generating study, there was no significant difference in clinical outcomes between PCI and deferred groups among patients with intermediate stenosis with FFR ≤ 0.80 but CFR > 2.0. Further study is needed to confirm this finding.Clinical Trial Registration: International Collaboration of Comprehensive Physiologic Assessment Registry (NCT03690713; registration date: 10/01/2018).

4.
Clin Cardiol ; 44(4): 446-454, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33656754

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Fractional flow reserve (FFR) measured after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been identified as a surrogate marker for vessel related adverse events. FFR can be derived from standard coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA). Moreover, the FFR derived from coronary CTA (FFRCT ) Planner is a tool that simulates PCI providing modeled FFRCT values after stenosis opening. AIM: To validate the accuracy of the FFRCT Planner in predicting FFR after PCI with invasive FFR as a reference standard. METHODS: Prospective, international and multicenter study of patients with chronic coronary syndromes undergoing PCI. Patients will undergo coronary CTA with FFRCT prior to PCI. Combined morphological and functional evaluations with motorized FFR hyperemic pullbacks, and optical coherence tomography (OCT) will be performed before and after PCI. The FFRCT Planner will be applied by an independent core laboratory blinded to invasive data, replicating the invasive procedure. The primary objective is to assess the agreement between the predicted FFRCT post-PCI derived from the Planner and invasive FFR. A total of 127 patients will be included in the study. RESULTS: Patient enrollment started in February 2019. Until December 2020, 100 patients have been included. Mean age was 64.1 ± 9.03, 76% were males and 24% diabetics. The target vessels for PCI were LAD 83%, LCX 6%, and RCA 11%. The final results are expected in 2021. CONCLUSION: This study will determine the accuracy and precision of the FFRCT Planner to predict post-PCI FFR in patients with chronic coronary syndromes undergoing percutaneous revascularization.

6.
Int J Cardiol ; 333: 226-232, 2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33741428

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pericoronary adipose tissue attenuation expressed by fat attenuation index (FAI) on coronary CT angiography (CCTA) reflects pericoronary inflammation and is associated with cardiac mortality. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to define the sub-phenotypes of coronary CCTA-defined plaque and whole vessel quantification by unsupervised machine learning (ML) and its prognostic impact when combined with pericoronary inflammation. METHODS: A total of 220 left anterior descending arteries (LAD) with intermediate stenosis who underwent fractional flow reserve (FFR) measurement and CCTA were studied. After removal of outcome and FAI data, the phenotype heterogeneity of CCTA-defined plaque and whole vessel quantification was investigated by unsupervised hierarchical clustering analysis based on Ward's method. Detailed features of CCTA findings were assessed according to the clusters (CS1 and CS2). Major adverse cardiac events (MACE)-free survivals were assessed according to the stratifications by FAI and the clusters. RESULTS: Compared with CS2 (n = 119), CS1 (n = 101) were characterized by greater vessel size, increased plaque volume, and high-risk plaque features. FAI was significantly higher in CS1. ROC analyses revealed that best cut-off value of FAI to predict MACE was -73.1. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that lesions with FAI ≥ -73.1 had a significantly higher risk of MACE. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis revealed that age, FAI ≥ -73.1, and the clusters were independent predictors of MACE. CONCLUSION: Unsupervised hierarchical clustering analysis revealed two distinct CCTA-defined subgroups and discriminated by high-risk plaque features and increased FAI. The risk of MACE differs significantly according to the increased FAI and ML-defined clusters.

7.
Atherosclerosis ; 322: 24-30, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33706080

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There is some evidence of the implications of wall shear stress (WSS) derived from three-dimensional quantitative coronary angiography (3D-QCA) models in predicting adverse cardiovascular events. This study investigates the efficacy of 3D-QCA-derived WSS in detecting lesions with a borderline negative fractional flow reserve (FFR: 0.81-0.85) that progressed and caused events. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we identified 548 patients who had at least one lesion with an FFR 0.81-0.85 and complete follow-up data; 293 lesions (286 patients) with suitable angiographic characteristics were reconstructed using a dedicated 3D-QCA software and included in the analysis. In the reconstructed models blood flow simulation was performed and the value of 3D-QCA variables and WSS distribution in predicting events was examined. The primary endpoint of the study was the composite of cardiac death, target lesion related myocardial infarction or clinically indicated target lesion revascularization. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 49.4 months, 37 events were reported. Culprit lesions had a greater area stenosis [(AS), 66.1% (59.5-72.3) vs 54.8% (46.5-63.2), p<0.001], smaller minimum lumen area [(MLA), 1.66 mm2 (1.45-2.30) vs 2.10 mm2 (1.69-2.70), p=0.011] and higher maximum WSS [9.0 Pa (5.10-12.46) vs 5.0 Pa (3.37-7.54), p < 0.001] than those that remained quiescent. In multivariable analysis, AS [hazard ratio (HR): 1.06, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.03-1.10, p=0.001] and maximum WSS (HR: 1.08, 95% CI: 1.02-1.14, p=0.012) were the only independent predictors of the primary endpoint. Lesions with an increased AS (≥58.6%) that were exposed to high WSS (≥7.69Pa) were more likely to progress and cause events (27.8%) than those with a low AS exposed to high WSS (7.4%) or those exposed to low WSS that had increased (12.8%) or low AS (2.7%, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This study for the first time highlights the potential value of 3D-QCA-derived WSS in detecting, among lesions with a borderline negative FFR, those that cause cardiovascular events.

8.
Korean J Radiol ; 22(5): 688-696, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33543843

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the lumen parameters measured by the location-adaptive threshold method (LATM), in which the inter- and intra-scan attenuation variabilities of coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) were corrected, and the scan-adaptive threshold method (SATM), in which only the inter-scan variability was corrected, with the reference standard measurement by intravascular ultrasonography (IVUS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Hounsfield unit (HU) values of whole voxels and the centerline in each of the cross-sections of the 22 target coronary artery segments were obtained from 15 patients between March 2009 and June 2010, in addition to the corresponding voxel size. Lumen volume was calculated mathematically as the voxel volume multiplied by the number of voxels with HU within a given range, defined as the lumen for each method, and compared with the IVUS-derived reference standard. Subgroup analysis of the lumen area was performed to investigate the effect of lumen size on the studied methods. Bland-Altman plots were used to evaluate the agreement between the measurements. RESULTS: Lumen volumes measured by SATM was significantly smaller than that measured by IVUS (mean difference, 14.6 mm³; 95% confidence interval [CI], 4.9-24.3 mm³); the lumen volumes measured by LATM and IVUS were not significantly different (mean difference, -0.7 mm³; 95% CI, -9.1-7.7 mm³). The lumen area measured by SATM was significantly smaller than that measured by LATM in the smaller lumen area group (mean of difference, 1.07 mm²; 95% CI, 0.89-1.25 mm²) but not in the larger lumen area group (mean of difference, -0.07 mm²; 95% CI, -0.22-0.08 mm²). In the smaller lumen group, the mean difference was lower in the Bland-Altman plot of IVUS and LATM (0.46 mm²; 95% CI, 0.27-0.65 mm²) than in that of IVUS and SATM (1.53 mm²; 95% CI, 1.27-1.79 mm²). CONCLUSION: SATM underestimated the lumen parameters for computed lumen segmentation in CCTA, and this may be overcome by using LATM.

10.
Cardiol J ; 2021 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33634845

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The contribution of sex and initial clinical presentation to the long-term outcomes in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is still debated. METHODS: Individual patient data from 5 Korean-multicenter drug-eluting stent (DES) registries (The GRAND-DES) were pooled. A total of 17,286 patients completed 3-year follow-up (5216 women and 12,070 men). The median follow-up duration was 1125 days (interquartile range 1097-1140 days), and the primary endpoint was cardiac death at 3 years. RESULTS: The clinical indication for PCI was stable angina pectoris (SAP) in 36.8%, unstable angina pectoris (UAP) or non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) in 47.4%, and STEMI in 15.8%. In all groups, women were older and had a higher proportion of hypertension and diabetes mellitus compared with men. Women presenting with STEMI were older than women with SAP, with the opposite seen in men. There was no sex difference in cardiac death for SAP or UAP/NSTEMI. In STEMI patients, the incidence of cardiac death (7.9% vs. 4.4%, p = 0.001), all-cause mortality (11.1% vs. 6.9%, p = 0.001), and minor bleeding (2.2% vs. 1.2%, p = 0.043) was significantly higher in women. After multivariable adjustment, cardiac death was lower in women for UAP/NSTEMI (HR 0.69, 95% CI 0.53-0.89, p = 0.005), while it was similar for STEMI (HR 0.97, 95% CI 0.65-1.44, p = 0.884). CONCLUSIONS: There was no sex difference in cardiac death after PCI with DES for SAP and UAP/NSTEMI patients. In STEMI patients, women had worse outcomes compared with men; however, after the adjustment of confounders, female sex was not an independent predictor of mortality.

11.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 14(2): e009642, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33541106

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The clinical outcome after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is affected by various clinical and procedural risk factors. We investigated the relative impact of clinical and procedural risks on clinical outcomes after PCI. METHODS: A total of 13 172 patients were enrolled from the Grand-DES registry. The population was grouped into tertiles (high-, intermediate-, low-risk) according to the number of prespecified clinical and procedural risk factors, respectively. The primary end point was major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) at 3 years post-PCI. RESULTS: MACCE occurred in 1109 (8.4%) patients during the follow-up period (median duration: 1126 days). Compared with procedural risk, clinical risk showed superior predictive power (area under the curve: 0.678 versus 0.570, P<0.001, for clinical and procedural risks, respectively) and greater magnitude of effect in the multivariate analysis for MACCE (Clinical risk: hazard ratio, 1.953 [95% CI, 1.809-2.109], P<0.001; procedural risk: hazard ratio, 1.240 [95% CI, 1.154-1.331], P<0.001). In subgroup analyses within each clinical risk tertile, procedural risk had no significant impact on MACCE in the lowest clinical risk tertile. An annual landmark analysis revealed that clinical and procedural risks were both significant predictors of MACCE, which occurred within the first and second year post-PCI. However, for MACCE occurring in the third year post-PCI, only clinical risk but not procedural risk was a significant predictor of events. CONCLUSIONS: Clinical and procedural risks were both significant predictors for ischemic clinical events in patients undergoing PCI. However, clinical risk had a greater and more prolonged effect on outcomes than procedural risk. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT03507205.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33453035

RESUMO

The coronary bifurcation intervention varies among countries due to the differences in assessment of lesion severity and treatment devices. We sought to clarify the difference in basic strategy between South Korea and Japan. A total of 19 and 32 experts from Korean (KBC) and Japanese Bifurcation Clubs (JBC), respectively, answered a survey questionnaire concerning their usual procedure of coronary bifurcation intervention. JBC experts performed less two-stent deployment in the left main (LM) bifurcation compared to KBC experts (JBC vs. KBC: median, 1-10% vs. 21-30%, p < 0.0001) instead of higher performance of side branch dilation after cross-over stenting in both LM (60% vs. 21%, p = 0.001) and non-LM bifurcations (30% vs. 5%, p = 0.037). KBC experts more frequently performed proximal optimization technique (POT) in non-LM bifurcation (41-60% vs. 81-99%, p = 0.028) and re-POT in both LM (1-20% vs. 81-99%, p = 0.017) and non-LM bifurcations (1-20% vs. 81-99%, p = 0.0003). JBC experts more frequently performed imaging-guided percutaneous coronary intervention, whereas KBC experts more often used a pressure wire to assess side branch ischemia. JBC experts used a rotablator more aggressively under the guidance of optical coherence tomography. We clarified the difference in the basic strategy of coronary bifurcation intervention between South Korea and Japan for better understanding the trend in each country.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33491857

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the effects of procedural optimization on the clinical outcomes of using the drug-coated balloon (DCB) in the treatment of coronary artery disease. BACKGROUNDS: Procedural optimization is considered an essential step in DCB treatment. METHODS: Data of consecutive patients who underwent DCB treatment at the Seoul National University Hospital were collected. The primary outcome was target lesion failure (TLF) at 2 years. RESULTS: Among 259 patients (309 lesions), TLF was observed in 31 (12.0%) patients. The following were modifiable procedural factors: residual percent diameter stenosis (%DS) after lesion preparation; DCB-to-vessel/stent ratio; time-delay to inflation; and total DCB inflation time. The best cutoff values for these parameters were 20%, 0.95, 25, and 60 s, respectively. The patients were classified based on the number of procedural factors that satisfied adequate criteria. TLF was observed in 7.3% in the fully optimized group, 9.1% in the partially optimized group, and 34.1% in the nonoptimized group over 2 years (p < .001). The adequacy of the four factors for DCB optimization was an independent predictor of TLF (adjusted hazards ratio for each unmet criteria for optimization, 2.05, 95% confidence interval 1.74-2.36, p < .001). CONCLUSION: The optimization of the four procedural factors could reduce TLF following DCB treatment.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33454260

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to identify distinct patient groups and their association with outcome based on the patient similarity network using quantitative coronary plaque characteristics from coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA). BACKGROUND: Coronary CTA can noninvasively assess coronary plaques quantitatively. METHODS: Patients who underwent 2 coronary CTAs at a minimum of 24 months' interval were analyzed (n = 1,264). A similarity Mapper network of patients was built by topological data analysis (TDA) based on the whole-heart quantitative coronary plaque analysis on coronary CTA to identify distinct patient groups and their association with outcome. RESULTS: Three distinct patient groups were identified by TDA, and the patient similarity network by TDA showed a closed loop, demonstrating a continuous trend of coronary plaque progression. Group A had the least coronary plaque amount (median 12.4 mm3 [interquartile range (IQR): 0.0 to 39.6 mm3]) in the entire coronary tree. Group B had a moderate coronary plaque amount (31.7 mm3 [IQR: 0.0 to 127.4 mm3]) with relative enrichment of fibrofatty and necrotic core (32.6% [IQR: 16.7% to 46.2%] and 2.7% [IQR: 0.1% to 6.9%] of the total plaque, respectively) components. Group C had the largest coronary plaque amount (187.0 mm3 [IQR: 96.7 to 306.4 mm3]) and was enriched for dense calcium component (46.8% [IQR: 32.0% to 63.7%] of the total plaque). At follow-up, total plaque volume, fibrous, and dense calcium volumes increased in all groups, but the proportion of fibrofatty component decreased in groups B and C, whereas the necrotic core portion decreased in only group B (all p < 0.05). Group B showed a higher acute coronary syndrome incidence than other groups (0.3% vs. 2.6% vs. 0.6%; p = 0.009) but both group B and C had a higher revascularization incidence than group A (3.1% vs. 15.5% vs. 17.8%; p < 0.001). Incorporating group information from TDA demonstrated increase of model fitness for predicting acute coronary syndrome or revascularization compared with that incorporating clinical risk factors, percentage diameter stenosis, and high-risk plaque features. CONCLUSIONS: The TDA of quantitative whole-heart coronary plaque characteristics on coronary CTA identified distinct patient groups with different plaque dynamics and clinical outcomes. (Progression of AtheRosclerotic PlAque DetermIned by Computed TomoGraphic Angiography Imaging [PARADIGM]; NCT02803411).

15.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(1): e018554, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33372526

RESUMO

Background Low muscle mass has been associated with poor prognosis in certain chronic diseases, but its clinical significance in patients with coronary artery disease is unclear. We assessed the clinical significance of 2 easily measured surrogate markers of low muscle mass: the ratio of serum creatinine to serum cystatin C (Scr/Scys), and the ratio of estimated glomerular filtration rate by Scys to Scr (eGFRcys/eGFRcr). Methods and Results Patients with coronary artery disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention were prospectively enrolled from a single tertiary center, and Scr and Scys levels were simultaneously measured at admission. Best cut-off values for Scr/Scys and eGFRcys/eGFRcr to discriminate 3-year mortality were determined; 1.0 for men and 0.8 for women in Scr/Scys, and 1.1 for men and 1.0 for women in eGFRcys/eGFRcr. The prognostic values on 3-year mortality and the additive values of 2 markers on the predictive model were compared. In 1928 patients enrolled (mean age 65.2±9.9 years, 70.8% men), the risk of 3-year mortality increased proportionally according to the decrease of the surrogate markers. Both Scr/Scys- and eGFRcys/eGFRcr-based low muscle mass groups showed significantly higher risk of death, after adjusting for possible confounders. They also increased predictive power of the mortality prediction model. Low Scr/Scys values were associated with high mortality rate in patients who were ≥65 years, nonobese, male, had renal dysfunction at baseline, and presented with acute myocardial infarction. Conclusions Serum surrogate markers of muscle mass, Scr/Scys, and eGFRcys/eGFRcr may have clinical significance for detecting patients with coronary artery disease at high risk for long-term mortality.

16.
J Clin Med ; 9(12)2020 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33291760

RESUMO

Paravalvular leak (PVL) is an important complication of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and is associated with poor prognosis. We aimed to identify the risk factors for PVL after TAVI including patient (calcium amount or location), device (leakage-proof or not), and procedural (oversizing index (OI)) factors. The primary outcome was mild or greater PVL at 1-month follow-up echocardiography. Overall, 238 patients who underwent TAVI using eight types of valves (Edwards Sapien, Sapien XT, Sapien 3, CoreValve, Evolut R, Evolut PRO, Lotus, and Lotus Edge) were included. The incidence of significant PVL (≥mild PVL) was 24.4%. Although patient factors (calcification of valve) were not predictors of PVL, valve without leakage-proof function (Edwards Sapien, Sapien XT, and CoreValve) was a significant predictor of PVL (adjusted odds ratio, 3.194, 95% CI, 1.620-6.299). Furthermore, OI has a significant protective role against PVL (PVL increased by 45% when OI decreased by 5%). The best cutoff value of OI to predict the absence of PVL was ≥17.6% for the Evolut system and ≥10.2% for the Sapien system. The predictors of PVL after TAVI included factors from the device (valve without leakage-proof function) and procedure (under-sizing). In patients with a high risk of PVL, the procedure should be optimized using valves with leakage-proof function and adequate OI.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33248965

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to investigate the association of stenosis and plaque features with myocardial ischemia and their prognostic implications. BACKGROUND: Various anatomic, functional, and morphological attributes of coronary artery disease (CAD) have been independently explored to define ischemia and prognosis. METHODS: A total of 1,013 vessels with fractional flow reserve (FFR) measurement and available coronary computed tomography angiography were analyzed. Stenosis and plaque features of the target lesion and vessel were evaluated by an independent core laboratory. Relevant features associated with low FFR (≤0.80) were identified by using machine learning, and their predictability of 5-year risk of vessel-oriented composite outcome, including cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction, or target vessel revascularization, were evaluated. RESULTS: The mean percent diameter stenosis and invasive FFR were 48.5 ± 17.4% and 0.81 ± 0.14, respectively. Machine learning interrogation identified 6 clusters for low FFR, and the most relevant feature from each cluster was minimum lumen area, percent atheroma volume, fibrofatty and necrotic core volume, plaque volume, proximal left anterior descending coronary artery lesion, and remodeling index (in order of importance). These 6 features showed predictability for low FFR (area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve: 0.797). The risk of 5-year vessel-oriented composite outcome increased with every increment of the number of 6 relevant features, and it had incremental prognostic value over percent diameter stenosis and FFR (area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve: 0.706 vs. 0.611; p = 0.031). CONCLUSIONS: Six functionally relevant features, including minimum lumen area, percent atheroma volume, fibrofatty and necrotic core volume, plaque volume, proximal left anterior descending coronary artery lesion, and remodeling index, help define the presence of myocardial ischemia and provide better prognostication in patients with CAD. (CCTA-FFR Registry for Risk Prediction; NCT04037163).

19.
Circulation ; 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33205662

RESUMO

Background: Large scale randomized comparison of drug-eluting stents (DES) based on durable polymer (DP) versus biodegradable polymer (BP) technology is currently insufficient in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The present study sought to prove the non-inferiority of the DP-DES compared with the BP-DES in such patients. Methods: The HOST-REDUCE-POLYTECH-ACS trial is an investigator-initiated, randomized, open-label, adjudicator-blinded, multicenter, non-inferiority trial which compared the efficacy and safety of DP-DES and BP-DES in patients with ACS. The primary endpoint was patient oriented composite outcome (POCO, a composite of all-cause death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), and any repeat revascularization) at 12 months. The key secondary endpoint was device oriented composite outcome (DOCO; a composite of cardiac death, target-vessel MI, or target lesion revascularization) at 12 months. Results: A total of 3413 patients were randomized to receive the DP-DES (1713 patients) and BP-DES (1700 patients). At 12 months, POCO occurred in 5.2% in the DP-DES group and 6.4% in the BP-DES group (Absolute risk difference: -1.2%, Pnon-inferiority<0.001). The key secondary endpoint, DOCO, occurred less frequently in the DP-DES group (DP-DES vs. BP-DES: 2.6% vs. 3.9%, HR 0.67, 95% CI 0.46-0.98, p=0.038), mostly due to a reduction in target lesion revascularization. The rate of spontaneous non-fatal MI and stent thrombosis were extremely low, with no significant difference between the 2 groups (0.6% vs. 0.8%; p=0.513 and 0.1% vs 0.4%; p=0.174, respectively). Conclusions: In ACS patients receiving percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), DP-DES was non-inferior to BP-DES with regard to POCO at 12 months after index PCI. Clinical Trial Registration: URL: clinicaltrials.gov Unique identifier: NCT02193971.

20.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(22): 2670-2684, 2020 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33069650

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to develop an automated algorithm using pre-percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) fractional flow reserve (FFR) pullback recordings to predict post-PCI physiological results in the pre-PCI phase. BACKGROUND: Both FFR and percent FFR increase measured after PCI showed incremental prognostic implications. However, there is no current method to predict post-PCI physiological results using physiological assessment in the pre-PCI phase. METHODS: An automated algorithm that analyzes instantaneous FFR gradient per unit time (dFFR(t)/dt) was developed from the derivation cohort (n = 30). Using dFFR(t)/dt, the pattern of atherosclerotic disease in each patient was classified into 3 groups (major, mixed, and minor FFR gradient groups) in both the internal validation cohort with constant pullback method (n = 234) and the external validation cohort with nonstandardized pullback methods (n = 252). All patients in the validation cohorts underwent PCI on the basis of pre-PCI FFR ≤0.80. Suboptimal post-PCI physiological results were defined as both post-PCI FFR <0.84 and percent FFR increase ≤15%. From the derivation cohort, cutoffs of dFFR(t)/dt for major and minor FFR gradient were 0.035/s and 0.015/s, respectively. RESULTS: In validation cohorts, dFFR(t)/dt showed significant correlations with percent FFR increase (R = 0.801; p < 0.001) and post-PCI FFR (R = 0.099; p = 0.029). In both the internal and external validation cohorts, the major FFR gradient group showed significantly higher post-PCI FFR and percent FFR increase compared with those in the mixed or minor FFR gradient groups (all p values <0.001). The proportions of suboptimal post-PCI physiological results were significantly different among 3 groups (10.4% vs. 25.8% vs. 45.7% for the major, mixed, and minor FFR gradient groups, respectively; p < 0.001) in validation cohorts. Absence of major FFR gradient lesion (odds ratio: 2.435, 95% [CI]: 1.252 to 4.734; p = 0.009) and presence of minor FFR gradient lesion (odds ratio: 2.756, 95% confidence interval: 1.629 to 4.664; p < 0.001) were independent predictors for suboptimal post-PCI physiological results. CONCLUSIONS: The automated algorithm analyzing pre-PCI pullback curve was able to predict post-PCI physiological results. The incidence of suboptimal post-PCI physiological results was significantly different according to algorithm-based classifications in the pre-PCI physiological assessment. (Automated Algorithm Detecting Physiologic Major Stenosis and Its Relationship with Post-PCI Clinical Outcomes [Algorithm-PCI]; NCT04304677).

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