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1.
Anticancer Res ; 41(10): 5065-5069, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34593456

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Many patients with head-and-neck cancer are scheduled for irradiation. This study was performed to determine the frequency of and risk factors for pre-radiotherapy sleep disturbances in these patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 103 patients with head-and-neck cancer scheduled for radiotherapy were included in this retrospective study. Eighteen characteristics were evaluated including timing of start of radiotherapy relative to COVID-19 pandemic; age; gender; Karnofsky performance score; Charlson comorbidity index; history of another malignancy; family history of malignancy; distress score; number of emotional, physical or practical problems; request for psychological support; tumor site and stage; upfront surgery; planned chemotherapy; and brachytherapy boost. RESULTS: The frequency of pre-radiotherapy sleep disturbances was 42.7%. This was significantly associated with age ≤63 years (p=0.049), Karnofsky performance score ≤80 (p=0.002), Charlson comorbidity index ≥3 (p=0.005), history of another malignancy (p=0.012), emotional (p=0.001) or physical (p<0.001) problems, and request for psychological support (p=0.002). CONCLUSION: Sleep disturbances were frequent in patients assigned to radiotherapy of head-and-neck cancer. Recognizing risk factors for sleep disturbance helps identify patients requiring psychological support.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/psicologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/radioterapia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/psicologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Feminino , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/epidemiologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2 , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia
2.
Anticancer Res ; 41(10): 5165-5169, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34593468

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Many patients with prostate cancer receive definitive or adjuvant radiotherapy. This study aimed to identify the frequency of sleep disturbances and corresponding risk factors prior to radiation treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data of 48 patients assigned to local or loco-regional irradiation for prostate cancer were retrospectively analyzed for pre-radiotherapy sleep disturbances. Fifteen characteristics were analyzed including age, performance status, comorbidity, history of previous malignancy, distress score, (emotional, physical or practical) problems, prostate-specific antigen, primary tumor stage, Gleason-score, upfront androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), treatment volume, brachytherapy, and COVID-19 pandemic. RESULTS: Pre-radiotherapy sleep disturbances were reported by 20.8% of patients and significantly associated with distress scores ≥4 (p<0.0001) and ≥3 physical problems (p=0.0001). Trends were found for Karnofsky performance score ≤80 (p=0.095), Gleason score 7b-9 (p=0.079), and ADT (p=0.067). CONCLUSION: Pre-radiotherapy sleep disturbances were less common in prostate cancer patients than in other cancer patients. Risk factors were identified that can help identify patients requiring psychological support prior to radiotherapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata/psicologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/psicologia , Idoso , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Neoplasias da Próstata/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2 , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia
3.
Anticancer Res ; 41(9): 4407-4410, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475061

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Many patients with gynecological malignancies receive postoperative radiotherapy, which can lead to fear and sleep disorders. We aimed to identify the prevalence of and risk factors for sleep disorders. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty-two patients assigned to radiotherapy for gynecological malignancies were retrospectively evaluated. Seventeen characteristics were analyzed for associations with pre-radiotherapy sleep disorders including age, Karnofsky performance score, Charlson comorbidity index, history of additional malignancy, family history of gynecological cancer, distress score, emotional, physical or practical problems, tumor site/stage; chemotherapy, treatment volume, brachytherapy, and the COVID-19 pandemic. RESULTS: The prevalence of pre-radiotherapy sleep disorders was 46.8%. Sleep disorders were significantly associated with Charlson comorbidity index ≥3 (p=0.012), greater number of physical problems (p<0.0001), and advanced primary tumor stage (p=0.005). A trend was found for greater number of emotional problems (p=0.075). CONCLUSION: Pre-radiotherapy sleep disorders are common in patients with gynecological malignancies, particularly in those with specific risk factors. Patients should be offered early psychological support.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/radioterapia , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/cirurgia , Radioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia , Adulto , Braquiterapia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Feminino , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/patologia , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/psicologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Anticancer Res ; 41(9): 4439-4442, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475066

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Radiotherapy and radiochemotherapy are common treatments for rectal and anal cancer. Anticipation of treatment may cause distress and sleep disorders. This study aimed to identify risk factors for sleep disorders. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In 42 patients with rectal or anal cancer scheduled for radiotherapy, 16 characteristics were analyzed for associations with pre-radiotherapy sleep disorders including age, gender, performance score, comorbidity, patient's or family history of additional cancer/melanoma, distress score, emotional/physical/practical problems, tumor site and stage, surgery and relation to COVID-19 pandemic. RESULTS: Overall prevalence of pre-radiotherapy sleep disorders was 42.9%. Sleep disorders were significantly associated with Karnofsky performance score 60-80 (p=0.044), Charlson comorbidity index ≥3 (p=0.0012), distress score 6-10 (p=0.00012), and more emotional (p=0.0012), physical (p=0.0004) or practical (p=0.033) problems. A trend was found for female gender (p=0.061). CONCLUSION: Sleep disorders were common in patients with rectal or anal cancer scheduled for radiotherapy. Risk factors can help identify patients requiring psychooncological support already prior to the start of radiotherapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Ânus/radioterapia , Neoplasias do Ânus/cirurgia , Neoplasias Retais/radioterapia , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia , Idoso , Neoplasias do Ânus/patologia , Neoplasias do Ânus/psicologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Fracionamento da Dose de Radiação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prevalência , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Neoplasias Retais/psicologia , Caracteres Sexuais , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34415426

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The composition of the tumor microenvironment (TME) is conditioned by immunity and the inflammatory response. Nutritional and inflammation-based risk scores have emerged as relevant predictors of survival outcome across a variety of hematological malignancies. METHODS: In this retrospective multicenter trial, we ascertained the prognostic impact of established nutritional and inflammation-based risk scores [Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS), C-reactive-protein/albumin ratio (CAR), neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), prognostic nutritional index (PNI), and prognostic index (PI)] in 209 eligible patients with histologically confirmed CD20+ follicular lymphoma (FL) of WHO grade 1 (37.3%), 1-2 (16.3%), 2 (26.8%) or 3A (19.8%) admitted to the participating centers between January 2000 and December 2019. Characteristics significantly associated with overall or progression-free survival (OS, PFS) upon univariate analysis were subsequently included in a Cox proportional hazard model. RESULTS: In the study cohort, the median age was 63 (range 22-90 years). The median follow-up period covered 99 months. The GPS and the CAR were identified to predict survival in FL patients. The GPS was the only independent predictor of OS (p < 0.0001; HR 2.773; 95% CI 1.630-4.719) and PFS (p = 0.001; HR 1.995; 95% CI 1.352-2.944) upon multivariate analysis. Additionally, there was frequent occurrence of progression of disease within 24 months (POD24) in FL patients with a calculated GPS of 2. CONCLUSION: The current results indicate that the GPS predicts especially OS in FL patients. Moreover, GPS was found to display disease-specific effects in regard to FL progression. These findings and potential combinations with additional established prognosticators should be further validated within prospective clinical trials.

7.
Oncotarget ; 9(28): 19613-19622, 2018 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29731969

RESUMO

While various studies characterized clinical and prognostic properties of de novo diffuse large B-Cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and transformed indolent lymphomas, the clinicopathological features of indolent lymphoma and simultaneous secondary transformation upon initial diagnosis (ssDLBCL) are insufficiently established. Between 2010 and 2017, 247 consecutive patients admitted to our institution and treated for DLBCL were investigated for composite histology of ssDLBCL-type. Upon systematical histopathological evaluation composite histology was identified in 22/247 cases (8.9%). The predominant histology of the underlying indolent lymphoma was follicular lymphoma of variable grading (I-IIIA; 81.8%) whereas marginal zone lymphoma represented a minor sub group (18.2%). Clinicopathological investigation revealed a high degree of concordance between ssDLBCL and de novo DLBCL upon initial diagnosis and clinical courses were shown to be strikingly similar. The predominant fraction of ssDLBCL were germinal center derived lymphomas (GCB-type) with a trend towards a superior outcome compared with non-GCB-type ssDLBCL. Additionally, we demonstrate a significant adverse prognostic impact of an underlying indolent lymphoma component other than follicular-type lymphoma (e.g. marginal zone lymphoma). Moreover, the frequency of double-hit (DHL) or double-expressor lymphomas (DEL) appears to be low. Our findings provide substantial insight into the behavior of ssDLBCL, highlight the ramifications of the concurrent high-grade fraction within indolent lymphomas and underline therapeutic efficacy of R-CHOP type immunochemotherapy in the majority of ssDLBCL patients.

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