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1.
Presse Med ; 48(7-8 Pt 1): e209-e215, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31421945

RESUMO

AIM: Identified Palliative Care Beds (Lits Identifiés Soins Palliatifs - LISPs) is a French specificity. Primarily created to integrate palliative care culture into conventional hospital units, the relevance of this measure became a controversial issue. Nowadays, hospital teams continue to frequently encounter complex situations regarding medical care for palliative patients. To the best of our knowledge, there is only one study, a quantitative one, bridging the gap about that subject. It showed failure in practicing palliative care work around LISP. Our study is based on a qualitative method that complements the quantitative study. It aimed to describe difficulties that limit palliative care practices in managing adult patients in LISP. METHOD: This qualitative exploratory survey was conducted with a sample of health service professionals (n=20), from senior physicians to caregivers. Each semi-structured interview included open questions regarding their experiences, feelings and difficulties with palliative care practices on LISP. It also included closed questions concerning interviewee's demographics and career course. The data for this research were submitted to a two-stage analysis: first, a global review of each interview was performed to identify trends. Then, a detailed breakdown, question by question, was implemented. RESULTS: From a quantitative perspective, the interviews revealed 305 difficulties, indicating the gaps and barriers limiting the implementation of a palliative approach in these services. From a qualitative perspective, five topics raised our attention by their recurrence in discourses: (1) partial knowledge about palliative care definition and legislation mostly due to a lack of training; (2) need for time; (3) need for human resources; (4) need for communication; (5) hard time in transitioning from curative to palliative care. PERSPECTIVE: This survey gives the opportunity to understand health service professionals' difficulties in practicing palliative care in conventional medical services. It raises the central issue of the pricing reform on the health institutes activity. It also provides angles of inquiry to improve LISP effectiveness. This qualitative and descriptive study was designed to explore difficulties in practicing palliative care around LISP. Nevertheless, according to the size of the sample, results will need to be confirmed by a more extensive qualitative survey.


Assuntos
Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente , Unidades Hospitalares/organização & administração , Cuidados Paliativos/organização & administração , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Padrões de Prática Médica , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Cuidadores/organização & administração , Cuidadores/normas , Barreiras de Comunicação , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Assistência à Saúde/métodos , Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Assistência à Saúde/normas , Arquitetura de Instituições de Saúde/normas , França , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Número de Leitos em Hospital , Unidades Hospitalares/normas , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Satisfação no Emprego , Cuidados Paliativos/psicologia , Cuidados Paliativos/normas , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Padrões de Prática Médica/organização & administração , Padrões de Prática Médica/normas , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/normas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Am J Respir Crit Care Med ; 167(8): 1077-82, 2003 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12684247

RESUMO

Our aim was to compare bronchial responses to major cat allergen (Fel d 1) in individuals with intermittent asthma sensitized to cats (19 subjects) according to the droplet particle size. We used three nebulizers, which delivered particles with mass median aerodynamic diameters of 1.4, 4.8, and 10.3 microm. A dosimeter nebulizer was used. The cat allergen was diluted to obtain the same amount of Fel d 1 per puff with each nebulizer. Each patient underwent three methacholine bronchial challenge tests (BCT), each followed 24 hours later by a cat allergen BCT, each performed with a different nebulizer (randomly selected each time, with patient and tester always blinded). Subjects did not differ for methacholine responsiveness, FEV1, mean forced expiratory flow during the middle half of the FVC (FEF25-75), PEF, or dyspnea (Borg scale) before any of the three cat BCTs. Cat allergen PD20 was 271 ng of Fel d 1 with the 1.4 microm nebulizer, 46 ng with the 4.8 microm nebulizer, and 13.5 ng with the 10.3 microm nebulizer (p = 0.00001). Inhalation of small particles (1.4 microm) resulted in significantly lower FEF25-75 24 hours after provocation than large particles did. In conclusion, immediate bronchial response appears to be localized in large airways, and the use of large particles is more appropriate for cat allergen BCTs.


Assuntos
Alérgenos/efeitos adversos , Asma/imunologia , Testes de Provocação Brônquica , Gatos , Hipersensibilidade Imediata/imunologia , Adulto , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tamanho da Partícula
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