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Anesthesiology ; 132(4): 614-624, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977517


BACKGROUND: Both saline and lactated Ringer's solutions are commonly given to surgical patients. However, hyperchloremic acidosis consequent to saline administration may provoke complications. The authors therefore tested the primary hypothesis that a composite of in-hospital mortality and major postoperative complications is less common in patients given lactated Ringer's solution than normal saline. METHODS: The authors conducted an alternating cohort controlled trial in which adults having colorectal and orthopedic surgery were given either lactated Ringer's solution or normal saline in 2-week blocks between September 2015 and August 2018. The primary outcome was a composite of in-hospital mortality and major postoperative renal, respiratory, infectious, and hemorrhagic complications. The secondary outcome was postoperative acute kidney injury. RESULTS: Among 8,616 qualifying patients, 4,187 (49%) were assigned to lactated Ringer's solution, and 4,429 (51%) were assigned to saline. Each group received a median 1.9 l of fluid. The primary composite of major complications was observed in 5.8% of lactated Ringer's versus 6.1% of normal saline patients, with estimated average relative risk across the components of the composite of 1.16 (95% CI, 0.89 to 1.52; P = 0.261). The secondary outcome, postoperative acute kidney injury, Acute Kidney Injury Network stage I-III versus 0, occurred in 6.6% of lactated Ringer's patients versus 6.2% of normal saline patients, with an estimated relative risk of 1.18 (99.3% CI, 0.99 to 1.41; P = 0.009, significance criterion of 0.007). Absolute differences between the treatment groups for each outcome were less than 0.5%, an amount that is not clinically meaningful. CONCLUSIONS: In elective orthopedic and colorectal surgery patients, there was no clinically meaningful difference in postoperative complications with lactated Ringer's or saline volume replacement. Clinicians can reasonably use either solution intraoperatively.

Anesthesiology ; 130(1): 72-82, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30312182


BACKGROUND: Triple-low events (mean arterial pressure less than 75 mmHg, Bispectral Index less than 45, and minimum alveolar fraction less than 0.8) are associated with mortality but may not be causal. This study tested the hypothesis that providing triple-low alerts to clinicians reduces 90-day mortality. METHODS: Adults having noncardiac surgery with volatile anesthesia and Bispectral Index monitoring were electronically screened for triple-low events. Patients having triple-low events were randomized in real time, with clinicians either receiving an alert, "consider hemodynamic support," or not. Patients were blinded to treatment. Helpful responses to triple-low events were defined by administration of a vasopressor within 5 min or a 20% reduction in end-tidal volatile anesthetic concentration within 15 min. RESULTS: Of the qualifying patients, 7,569 of 36,670 (20%) had triple-low events and were randomized. All 7,569 were included in the primary analysis. Ninety-day mortality was 8.3% in the alert group and 7.3% in the nonalert group. The hazard ratio (95% CI) for alert versus nonalert was 1.14 (0.96, 1.35); P = 0.12, crossing a prespecified futility boundary. Clinical responses were helpful in about half the patients in each group, with 51% of alert patients and 47% of nonalert patients receiving vasopressors or having anesthetics lowered after start of triple low (P < 0.001). There was no relationship between the response to triple-low events and adjusted 90-day mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Real-time alerts to triple-low events did not lead to a reduction in 90-day mortality, and there were fewer responses to alerts than expected. However, similar mortality with and without responses suggests that there is no strong relationship between responses to triple-low events and mortality.

Pressão Arterial/fisiologia , Monitores de Consciência/estatística & dados numéricos , Hipotensão/diagnóstico , Hipotensão/mortalidade , Complicações Intraoperatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Intraoperatórias/mortalidade , Monitorização Intraoperatória/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Hipotensão/fisiopatologia , Complicações Intraoperatórias/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Anesthesiology ; 119(1): 61-70, 2013 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23619173


BACKGROUND: Volatile anesthetic prices differ substantially. But differences in drug-acquisition cost would be inconsequential if hospitalization were prolonged by more soluble anesthetics. The authors tested the hypothesis that the duration of hospitalization is prolonged with isoflurane anesthesia. METHODS: Initially, the authors queried their electronic records and used propensity matching to generate homogeneous sets of adults having inpatient noncardiac surgery who were given desflurane, sevoflurane, and isoflurane. The authors then conducted a prospective alternating intervention trial in which adults (mostly having colorectal surgery) were assigned to isoflurane or sevoflurane, based on protocol. RESULTS: In the retrospective analysis, 2,898 matched triplets were identified among 43,352 adults, each containing one patient receiving isoflurane, desflurane, and sevoflurane, respectively. The adjusted geometric mean (95% CI) hospital length-of-stay for the isoflurane cases was 2.85 days (2.78-2.93); this was longer than that observed for both desflurane (2.64 [2.57-2.72]; P<0.001) and sevoflurane (2.55 [2.48-2.62]; P<0.001). In the prospective trial (N=1,584 operations), no difference was found; the adjusted ratio of means (95% CI) of hospital length-of-stay in patients receiving isoflurane versus sevoflurane was 0.98 (0.88-1.10), P=0.77, with adjusted geometric means (95% CI) estimated at 4.1 (3.8-4.4) and 4.2 days (3.8-4.5), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Results of the propensity-matched retrospective analysis suggested that avoiding isoflurane significantly reduced the duration of hospitalization. In contrast, length-of-stay was comparable in our prospective trial. Volatile anesthetic choice should not be based on concerns about the duration of hospitalization. These studies illustrate the importance of following even the best retrospective analysis with a prospective trial.

Anestésicos Inalatórios , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Período de Recuperação da Anestesia , Feminino , Humanos , Período Intraoperatório , Isoflurano , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Éteres Metílicos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor/efeitos dos fármacos , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Tamanho da Amostra , Sevoflurano , Resultado do Tratamento