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1.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2021 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34090668

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Worse outcomes have been reported for women with type A acute aortic dissection (TAAD). We sought to determine sex-specific operative approaches and outcomes for TAAD in the current era. METHODS: The Interventional Cohort (IVC) of the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection (IRAD) database was queried to explore sex differences in presentation, operative approach, and outcomes. Multivariable logistic regression was performed to identify adjusted outcomes in relation to sex. RESULTS: Women constituted approximately one-third (34.3%) of the 2823 patients and were significantly older than men (65.4 vs 58.6 years, P < .001). Women were more likely to present with intramural hematoma, periaortic hematoma, or complete or partial false lumen thrombosis (all P < .05) and more commonly had hypotension or coma (P = .001). Men underwent a greater proportion of Bentall, complete arch, and elephant trunk procedures (all P < .01). In-hospital mortality during the study period was higher in women (16.7% vs 13.8%, P = .039). After adjustment, female sex trended towards higher in-hospital mortality overall (odds ratio, 1.40; P = .053) but not in the last decade of enrollment (odds ratio, 0.93; P = .807). Five-year mortality and reintervention rates were not significantly different between the sexes. CONCLUSIONS: In-hospital mortality remains higher among women with TAAD but demonstrates improvement in the last decade. Significant differences in presentation were noted in women, including older age, distinct imaging findings, and greater evidence of malperfusion. Although no distinctions in 5-year mortality or reintervention were observed, a tailored surgical approach should be considered to reduce sex disparities in early mortality rates for TAAD.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33984483

RESUMO

Aortic valve replacement (AVR) is common in the setting of type A aortic dissection (TAAD) repair. Here, we evaluated the association between prosthesis choice and patient outcomes in an international patient cohort. We reviewed data from the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection (IRAD) interventional cohort to examine the relationship between valve choice and short- and mid-term patient outcomes. Between January 1996 and March 2016, 1290 surgically treated patients with TAAD were entered into the IRAD interventional cohort. Of those, 364 patients undergoing TAAD repair underwent aortic valve replacement (AVR; mean age, 57 years). The mechanical valve cohort consisted of 189 patients, of which 151 (79.9%) had a root replacement. The nonmechanical valve cohort consisted of 5 patients who received homografts and 160 patients who received a biologic AVR, with a total of 118 (71.5%) patients who underwent root replacements. The mean follow-up time was 2.92 ± 1.75 years overall (2.46 ± 1.69 years for the mechanical valve cohort and 3.48 ± 1.8 years for the nonmechanical valve cohort). After propensity matching, Kaplan-Meier estimates of 4-year survival rates after surgery were 64.8% in the mechanical valve group compared with 74.7% in the nonmechanical valve group (p = 0.921). A stratified Cox model for 4-year mortality showed no difference in hazard between valve types after adjusting for the propensity score (p = 0.854). A biologic valve is a reasonable option in patients with TAAD who require AVR. Although this option avoids the potential risks of anticoagulation, long-term follow up is necessary to assess the effect of reoperations or transcatheter interventions for structural valve degeneration.

3.
Rev Endocr Metab Disord ; 22(3): 553-561, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33443717

RESUMO

Carcinoid heart disease (CHD) is a paraneoplastic cardiac manifestation occurring in patients with carcinoid syndrome (CS) and advanced neuroendocrine malignancy. In about 20-40% of patients with CS, chronic exposure to tumor-released circulating vasoactive peptides typically results in right-sided valvular fibrosis leading to valve dysfunction and right heart failure. CHD remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. The management of patients with CHD is complex, as both the systemic malignant disease and the heart involvement have to be addressed. Early diagnosis and timely surgical intervention in selected patients are of utmost importance and offer a survival benefit. In patients with advanced carcinoid heart disease, valve replacement surgery is the most effective option to alleviate cardiac symptoms and contribute to survival outcomes. A collaboration of a multidisciplinary team in centers with experience is required to provide optimal patient management. Here, we review the current literature regarding CHD presentation, pathophysiology, diagnostic tools, and available treatment strategies.

4.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 112(6): 1893-1899, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33515541

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal strategy for cerebral protection during repair of type A acute aortic dissection has yet to be determined. We sought to determine the impact of differing degrees of hypothermia in patients undergoing acute dissection repair. METHODS: All patients in the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection Interventional Cohort database who underwent type A acute aortic dissection repair between 2010 and 2018 were identified. Data for operative temperature were available for 1962 patients subsequently divided into 2 groups according to lowest temperature: moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest (MHCA) (20-28°C) versus deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) (<20°C). We then propensity matched 362 pairs of patients and analyzed operative data and short-term outcomes. RESULTS: The median lowest temperature was 25.0°C in the matched MHCA group as compared with 18.0°C in the DHCA group. For the entire cohort of 1962 patients, in-hospital mortality was 14.2% (278 deaths) but was not significantly different between DHCA and MHCA. The perioperative stroke rate was comparable between groups, before and after propensity matching. Circulatory arrest times were significantly longer in the MHCA cohort, regardless of matching. Use of antegrade or retrograde cerebral perfusion was similar in matched groups. There were no differences in 30-day survival or in other major postoperative morbidity between the 2 matched cohorts. CONCLUSIONS: A surgical strategy of MHCA + antegrade cerebral perfusion is at least as safe as DHCA during repair of acute type A aortic dissection.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Hipotermia Induzida/métodos , Sistema de Registros , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos , Doença Aguda , Aneurisma Dissecante/mortalidade , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/mortalidade , Parada Circulatória Induzida por Hipotermia Profunda , Feminino , Saúde Global , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Gastroenterology ; 159(3): 999-1014.e9, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32450149

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Development of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is associated with reductions in hepatic microRNA122 (MIR122); the RAR related orphan receptor A (RORA) promotes expression of MIR122. Increasing expression of RORA in livers of mice increases expression of MIR122 and reduces lipotoxicity. We investigated the effects of a RORA agonist in mouse models of NASH. METHODS: We screened a chemical library to identify agonists of RORA and tested their effects on a human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line (Huh7). C57BL/6 mice were fed a chow or high-fat diet (HFD) for 4 weeks to induce fatty liver. Mice were given hydrodynamic tail vein injections of a MIR122 antagonist (antagomiR-122) or a control antagomiR once each week for 3 weeks while still on the HFD or chow diet, or intraperitoneal injections of the RORA agonist RS-2982 or vehicle, twice each week for 3 weeks. Livers, gonad white adipose, and skeletal muscle were collected and analyzed by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction, histology, and immunohistochemistry. A separate group of mice were fed an atherogenic diet, with or without injections of RS-2982 for 3 weeks; livers were analyzed by immunohistochemistry, and plasma was analyzed for levels of aminotransferases. We analyzed data from liver tissues from patients with NASH included in the RNA-sequencing databases GSE33814 and GSE89632. RESULTS: Injection of mice with antagomiR-122 significantly reduced levels of MIR122 in plasma, liver, and white adipose tissue; in mice on an HFD, antagomiR-122 injections increased fat droplets and total triglyceride content in liver and reduced ß-oxidation and energy expenditure, resulting in significantly more weight gain than in mice given the control microRNA. We identified RS-2982 as an agonist of RORA and found it to increase expression of MIR122 promoter activity in Huh7 cells. In mice fed an HFD or atherogenic diet, injections of RS-2982 increased hepatic levels of MIR122 precursors and reduced hepatic synthesis of triglycerides by reducing expression of biosynthesis enzymes. In these mice, RS-2982 significantly reduced hepatic lipotoxicity, reduced liver fibrosis, increased insulin resistance, and reduced body weight compared with mice injected with vehicle. Patients who underwent cardiovascular surgery had increased levels of plasma MIR122 compared to its levels before surgery; increased expression of plasma MIR122 was associated with increased levels of plasma free fatty acids and levels of RORA. CONCLUSIONS: We identified the compound RS-2982 as an agonist of RORA that increases expression of MIR122 in cell lines and livers of mice. Mice fed an HFD or atherogenic diet given injections of RS-2982 had reduced hepatic lipotoxicity, liver fibrosis, and body weight compared with mice given the vehicle. Agonists of RORA might be developed for treatment of NASH.


Assuntos
Reguladores do Metabolismo de Lipídeos/farmacologia , MicroRNAs/genética , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/tratamento farmacológico , Membro 1 do Grupo F da Subfamília 1 de Receptores Nucleares/agonistas , Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antagomirs/administração & dosagem , Benzamidas/farmacologia , Benzamidas/uso terapêutico , Peso Corporal , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ácidos Graxos não Esterificados/sangue , Ácidos Graxos não Esterificados/metabolismo , Humanos , Resistência à Insulina , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/genética , Reguladores do Metabolismo de Lipídeos/uso terapêutico , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/antagonistas & inibidores , MicroRNAs/sangue , Mutação , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/etiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Membro 1 do Grupo F da Subfamília 1 de Receptores Nucleares/metabolismo , Obesidade/etiologia , Obesidade/metabolismo , Obesidade/patologia , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos
6.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 21(10): 671-675, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599509

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recently, Israel established the first national-level adult cardiac surgery database, which was linked to the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS). OBJECTIVES: To validate and compare the STS predicted risk of mortality (PROM) to logistic EuroSCORE I (LESI) and EuroSCORE II (ESII) in Israeli patients undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 1279 consecutive patients who underwent cardiac surgeries with a calculable PROM. Data were prospectively entered into our database and used to calculate PROM, LESI, and ESII. Scores were normalized and correlated using linear regression and Pearson's test. To examine model calibration, we plotted the total observed versus expected mortality for each score and across five risk-score subgroups. Model discrimination was assessed by measuring the area under the receiver operating curves. RESULTS: The observed 30-day operative mortality was 1.95%. The median (IQ1; IQ3) PROM, LESI, and the ESII scores were 1.45% (0.69; 3.22), 4.54% (2.28; 9.27), and 1.88% (1.18; 3.54), respectively, with observed over expected ratios of 0.63 (95% confidence interval [95%CI] 0.42-0.93), 0.59 (95%CI 0.40-0.87), and 0.24 (95%CI 0.17-0.36), respectively, (STS vs. ESII P = 0.36, STS vs. LESI P = 0.0001). There was good correlation among all scores. All models overestimated mortality. Model discrimination was high and similar for all three scores. Model calibration of the STS, PROM, and ESII were more accurate than the LESI, particularly in higher risk subgroups. CONCLUSIONS: All scores overestimated mortality. In Israeli patients, the STS, PROM, and ESII risk-scores were more reliable metrics than LESI, particularly in higher risk patients.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Gestão de Riscos/métodos , Gestão de Riscos/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Israel , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Medição de Risco/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Sociedades Médicas , Cirurgia Torácica
7.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 5068, 2018 11 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30498206

RESUMO

Methylation patterns of circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) contain rich information about recent cell death events in the body. Here, we present an approach for unbiased determination of the tissue origins of cfDNA, using a reference methylation atlas of 25 human tissues and cell types. The method is validated using in silico simulations as well as in vitro mixes of DNA from different tissue sources at known proportions. We show that plasma cfDNA of healthy donors originates from white blood cells (55%), erythrocyte progenitors (30%), vascular endothelial cells (10%) and hepatocytes (1%). Deconvolution of cfDNA from patients reveals tissue contributions that agree with clinical findings in sepsis, islet transplantation, cancer of the colon, lung, breast and prostate, and cancer of unknown primary. We propose a procedure which can be easily adapted to study the cellular contributors to cfDNA in many settings, opening a broad window into healthy and pathologic human tissue dynamics.


Assuntos
Ácidos Nucleicos Livres/genética , Algoritmos , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Células Cultivadas , Neoplasias do Colo/genética , Ilhas de CpG/genética , Metilação de DNA/genética , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Eritrócitos/metabolismo , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Humanos , Leucócitos/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Sepse/genética
8.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 1443, 2018 04 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29691397

RESUMO

Detection of cardiomyocyte death is crucial for the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease. Here we use comparative methylome analysis to identify genomic loci that are unmethylated specifically in cardiomyocytes, and develop these as biomarkers to quantify cardiomyocyte DNA in circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) derived from dying cells. Plasma of healthy individuals contains essentially no cardiomyocyte cfDNA, consistent with minimal cardiac turnover. Patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction show a robust cardiac cfDNA signal that correlates with levels of troponin and creatine phosphokinase (CPK), including the expected elevation-decay dynamics following coronary angioplasty. Patients with sepsis have high cardiac cfDNA concentrations that strongly predict mortality, suggesting a major role of cardiomyocyte death in mortality from sepsis. A cfDNA biomarker for cardiomyocyte death may find utility in diagnosis and monitoring of cardiac pathologies and in the study of normal human cardiac physiology and development.


Assuntos
Ácidos Nucleicos Livres/sangue , Metilação de DNA , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/patologia , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Morte Celular/fisiologia , Ácidos Nucleicos Livres/química , Creatina Quinase/sangue , Cardiopatias/sangue , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Cardiopatias/patologia , Humanos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , Valores de Referência , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/patologia , Troponina/sangue
9.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 105(1): 92-99, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29074152

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The electrocardiogram (ECG) is often used in the diagnosis of patients presenting with chest pain to emergency departments. Because chest pain is a common manifestation of type A acute aortic dissection (TAAAD), ECGs are obtained in much of this population. We evaluated the effect of particular ECG patterns on the diagnosis and treatment of TAAAD. METHODS: TAAAD patients (N = 2,765) enrolled in the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection were stratified based on normal (n = 1,094 [39.6%]) and abnormal (n = 1,671 [60.4%]) findings on presenting ECGs and further subdivided according to specific ECG findings. Time data are presented in hours as medians (quartile 1 to quartile 3). RESULTS: Patients with ECGs with abnormal findings presented to the hospital sooner after symptom onset than those with ECGs with normal findings (1.4 [0.8 to 3.3] vs 2.0 [1.0 to 3.3]; p = 0.005). Specifically, this was seen in patients with infarction with new Q waves or ST elevation (1.3 [0.6 to 2.7] vs 1.5 [0.8 to 3.3]; p = 0.049). Interestingly, the time between symptom onset and diagnosis was longer with infarction with old Q waves (6.7 [3.2 to 18.4] vs 5.0 [2.9 to 11.8]; p = 0.034) and nonspecific ST-T changes (5.8 [3.0 to 13.8] vs 4.5 [2.8 to 10.5]; p = 0.002). Surgical mortality was higher in patients with abnormal ECG findings (20.6% vs 11.9%, p < 0.001), especially in those with ischemia by ECG (25.7% vs 16.8%, p < 0.001) and infarction with new Q waves or ST elevation (30.1% vs 17.1%, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: TAAAD patients presenting with abnormal ECG results are sicker, have more in-hospital complications, and are more likely to die. The frequency of nonspecific ST-T abnormalities and its association with delay in diagnosis and treatment presents an opportunity for practice improvement.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/fisiopatologia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/fisiopatologia , Eletrocardiografia , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Aneurisma Dissecante/classificação , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico , Aneurisma Dissecante/terapia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/classificação , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Ann Cardiothorac Surg ; 6(6): 633-641, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29270375

RESUMO

Between January 1996 and May 2017, the International Registry on Acute Aortic Dissections has collected information on a total of 6,424 consecutive patients with acute aortic dissection, including 258 individuals with a diagnosis of Marfan syndrome. Patients with Marfan syndrome presented at a significantly younger age compared to patients without Marfan syndrome (38.2±13.2 vs. 63.0±14.0 years; P<0.001) and in general had fewer comorbidities, although they more frequently had a known aortic aneurysm and history of prior cardiac surgery. We noted significantly larger diameters of the aortic annulus and root in the Marfan syndrome cohort, but no larger diameters more distally. The in-hospital mortality in type A dissection was not significantly different in patients with or without Marfan syndrome, despite the differences in age and comorbidities and the lower incidence of aortic rupture in the Marfan syndrome cohort. In contrast, the in-hospital mortality of Marfan syndrome patients with type B dissection appears to be lower than that of patients without Marfan syndrome. The Marfan syndrome cohort that was treated with open surgery for type B dissection seemed to do especially well, with a 0% mortality rate (n=27). Follow-up data for type A and B dissections combined show an estimated five-year survival rate of 80.1% and an estimated reintervention rate of 55.3% in patients with Marfan syndrome. Such a high rate of reinterventions highlights the need for careful surveillance and treatment for patients with Marfan syndrome surviving the acute phase of aortic dissection.

11.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg ; 52(6): 1104-1110, 2017 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28977503

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The recommended extent of surgical resection and reconstruction of the arch in acute DeBakey Type I aortic dissection is an ongoing controversy. However, several recent reports indicate a trend towards a more extensive arch operation in several institutions. We have analysed the recent data from the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection to assess the choice of procedure over time and to evaluate the surgical outcome in a 'real-world' database. Our aim was to compare short- and mid-term outcomes of limited repairs versus complete arch surgery. METHODS: Of the 1241 patients included in the 'Interventional Cohort' of the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection from March 1996 to March 2015, 907 underwent ascending aortic or hemiarch replacement (Group A) and 334 had extended arch replacement (Group B). An extended resection was a surgeon's 'judgement call'. Logistic regression analysis, propensity-adjusted multivariable comparisons and Kaplan-Meier curves were used for analyses. RESULTS: Overall in-hospital mortality was 14.2% with no difference between groups (Group A 13.1%, Group B 17.1%). Coma/altered consciousness (odds ratio 3.16, 95% confidence interval 1.60-6.25, P = 0.001), hypotension, tamponade or shock (2.03, 1.11-3.73, P = 0.022) and any pulse deficit (1.92, 1.04-3.54, P = 0.038) were predictors of in-hospital mortality in a propensity score-adjusted multivariable analysis. Overall 5-year survival was 69.4% in the ascending group and 73.1% in the total arch group (P = 0.83 by Kaplan-Meier analysis). For survivors of the index hospitalization, the 5-year freedom from death, aortic rupture and reintervention were 71.1% in Group A and 76.4% in Group B (P = 0.54 by Kaplan-Meier analysis). CONCLUSIONS: Selective, or 'surgeon's choice', extended arch replacement had no discernible acute downside compared with less extensive surgery. Whether extended arch replacement improves the prognosis beyond 5 years remains to be settled.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Doença Aguda , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico , Aneurisma Dissecante/mortalidade , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/mortalidade , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ontário/epidemiologia , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
12.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 153(4): S74-S79, 2017 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28168983

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Advancements in cardiothoracic surgery prompted investigation into changes in operative management for acute type A aortic dissections over time. METHODS: One thousand seven hundred thirty-two patients undergoing surgery for type A aortic dissection were identified from the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection Interventional Cohort Database. Patients were divided into time tertiles (T) (T1: 1996-2003, T2: 2004-2010, and T3: 2011-2016). RESULTS: Frequency of valve sparing procures increased (T1: 3.9%, T2: 18.6%, and T3: 26.7%; trend P < .001). Biologic valves were increasingly utilized (T1: 35.6%, T2; 40.6%, and T3: 52.0%; trend P = .009), whereas mechanical valve use decreased (T1: 57.6%, T2: 58.0%, and T3: 45.4%; trend P = .027) for aortic valve replacement. Adjunctive cerebral perfusion use increased (T1: 67.1%, T2: 89.5%, and T3: 84.8%; trend P < .001), with increase in antegrade cerebral techniques (T1: 55.9%, T2: 58.8%, and T3: 66.1%; trend P = .005) and hypothermic circulatory arrest (T1: 80.1%, T2: 85.9%, and T3: 86.8%; trend P = .030). Arterial perfusion through axillary cannulation increased (T1: 18.0%, T2: 33.2%, and T3: 55.7%), whereas perfusion via a femoral approach diminished (T1: 76.0%, T2: 53.3%, and T3: 30.1%) (both P values < .001). Hemiarch replacement was utilized more frequently (T1: 27.0%, T2: 63.3%, and T3: 51.7%; trend P = .001) and partial arch was utilized less frequently (T1: 20.7%, T2: 12.0%, and T3: 8.4%; trend P < .001), whereas complete arch replacement was used similarly (P = .131). In-hospital mortality significantly decreased (T1: 17.5%, T2: 15.8%, and T3: 12.2%; trend P = .017). CONCLUSIONS: There have been significant changes in operative strategy over time in the management of type A aortic dissection, with more frequent use of valve-sparing procedures, bioprosthetic aortic valve substitutes, antegrade cerebral perfusion strategies, and hypothermic circulatory arrest. Most importantly, a significant decrease of in-hospital mortality was observed during the 20-year timespan.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aneurisma Aórtico/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/tendências , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/tendências , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Dissecante/mortalidade , Aneurisma Aórtico/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Aórtico/mortalidade , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Bioprótese/tendências , Prótese Vascular/tendências , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/mortalidade , Feminino , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas/tendências , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Desenho de Prótese , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
13.
J Heart Valve Dis ; 25(3): 349-355, 2016 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27989046

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The prosthetic valve of choice in patients with carcinoid valve disease (CVD) remains controversial due to the limited life expectancy of patients with advanced-stage neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) on the one hand, and concerns regarding structural valve deterioration (SVD) on the other hand. METHODS: The records of 17 patients (11 females, seven males; mean age 65 ± 11 years; undergoing 18 operations) with primarily right heart failure due to CVD were reviewed. All patients received somatostatin analogs perioperatively. Hospital and follow up data (acquired via direct patient contact and echocardiography) collected included baseline characteristics, procedural details, and clinical outcomes. RESULTS: The primary NET site was the ileum (n = 11), lungs (n = 2) and stomach, colon and appendix (n = 1 each). In one patient the primary tumor location could not be identified. Preoperative urinary levels of 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid (5-HIAA; 61 ± 36 mg/24 h) and serum levels of chromogranin A (2926 ± 4057 ng/ml) were 10- and 50-fold greater than normal, respectively. A total of 23 valves was implanted: five tricuspid valve replacements (TVR; four tissue and one mechanical), TVR and pulmonary valve replacements (PVR; three tissue and one mechanical), and TVR and mitral valve replacements (MVR; one tissue and two mechanical). The 30-day mortality was 11% (n = 2). No patient experienced a carcinoid crisis. The mean follow up was 24 ± 21 months (range: 4-85 months). Four patients (receiving seven valves) developed SVD at 12, 14, 15, and 20 months after surgery, and all of these patients died. The actuarial four-year survival and freedom from SVD were 23 ± 14% and 43 ± 15%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The data acquired suggested that the main advantage of tissue valve prostheses, namely to avoid lifelong, intense anticoagulation, might be offset by accelerated SVD. The use of mechanical valves should be considered in CVD patients with a large primary tumor mass and persistent high urinary levels of 5-HIAA, and who are unresponsive to therapy.


Assuntos
Doença Cardíaca Carcinoide/cirurgia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Tempo para o Tratamento , Idoso , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Doença Cardíaca Carcinoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Cardíaca Carcinoide/mortalidade , Doença Cardíaca Carcinoide/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/mortalidade , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/mortalidade , Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Valvas Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Israel , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Seleção de Pacientes , Desenho de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Texas , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Ann Cardiothorac Surg ; 5(4): 346-51, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27563547

RESUMO

Type A acute aortic dissection (TAAD) is a disease that has a catastrophic impact on a patient's life and emergent surgery represents a key goal of early treatment. Despite continuous improvements in imaging techniques, medical therapy and surgical management, early mortality in patients undergoing TAAD repair still remains high, ranging from 17% to 26%. In this setting, the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection (IRAD), the largest worldwide registry for acute aortic dissection, was established to assess clinical characteristics, management and outcomes of TAAD patients. The present review aimed to evaluate and comment on outcomes of TAAD surgery as reported from IRAD series.

16.
Aorta (Stamford) ; 3(4): 145-50, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27069946

RESUMO

The management of acute Stanford Type A intramural hematoma (IMH) of the aorta remains controversial. Most surgeons advocate emergency surgery in a manner similar to frank acute Type A dissection. Others recommend a conservative approach to this distinct clinicopathological entity. We describe a case of acute aortic pathology initially diagnosed as Type A IMH with organ malperfusion, subsequently identified as acute Type B pathology with retrograde and antegrade extension. An endovascular approach was successfully used to exclude the site of origin.

17.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 9: 196, 2014 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25519179

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The profile of patients referred for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is continuously changing to include older patients with multiple comorbidities. We assessed the safety and efficacy of a biocompatible perfusion strategy (BPS) in a contemporary series of patients undergoing isolated CABG. METHODS: BPS consisted of a membrane oxygenator, tip-to-tip closed-system heparin-bonded cardiopulmonary bypass circuits without a cardiotomy reservoir, low systemic anticoagulation (target ACT - 250-300 sec) using heparin titration curves, low prime volume, avoidance of systemic cooling, and routine use of cell saver and anti-fibrinolytics. Data were prospectively collected using the American Society of Thoracic Surgeons National Adult Cardiac Surgery Database definitions. RESULTS: 964 consecutive patients (mean age 66 ± 11 years, 83% male) undergoing CABG between 2008 and 2012 were enrolled. 30-day mortality was 1.4%. Rates of postoperative stroke, myocardial infarction, sternal infection and reoperation for bleeding were 0.9%, 1.3%, 1.9% and 4.2%, respectively. Average 24-hour chest tube drainage was 440 ± 280 ml. Blood products were used in 34% of patients (total donor exposure of 1.7 ± 4.7 units/patient). Predictors of hospital mortality in multivariable analysis were left main disease and preoperative treatment with anti-arrhythmic or immunosuppressive medications. Predictors of allogeneic blood transfusions included older age, small body surface area, female gender, increased serum creatinine, lower preoperative LVEF and hematocrit. Priority of surgery, dual antiplatelet therapy and cardiopulmonary bypass time were not predictors of adverse outcomes or blood transfusions. CONCLUSIONS: In a contemporary cohort of patients undergoing CABG, the use of BPS is safe and effective. It is associated with excellent clinical outcomes and reduced allogeneic blood transfusions.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Comorbidade , Feminino , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos , Humanos , Israel , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 98(6): 2078-84, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25282163

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aortic root management in type A acute aortic dissection is controversial. This study compared outcomes of root replacement (RR) interventions versus more conservative root (CR) management. METHODS: Of 1,995 type A acute aortic dissection patients enrolled in the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection, 699 (35%) underwent RR interventions and 1,296 (65%) underwent CR management. Independent predictors of hospital and 3-year survival were identified using multivariable logistic and Cox regression models. RESULTS: Compared with CR patients, RR patients were younger (56.9 versus 62.3 years; p = 0.023) and more likely to present with larger root diameter (4.7 cm versus 4.0 cm; p < 0.001), Marfan syndrome (8.7% versus 2.5%; p < 0.001), aortic insufficiency (64.0% versus 50.3%; p < 0.001), and hypotension, shock, or tamponade (33.0% versus 26.5%; p = 0.003). Root replacement management did not increase hospital mortality (propensity score-adjusted odds ratio, 1.14; p = 0.674). On Kaplan-Meier analysis, 3-year survival (RR, 92.5% ± 1.7% versus CR, 91.6% ± 1.3%; log-rank p = 0.623) and freedom from aortic root reintervention (RR, 99.2% ± 0.1% versus CR, 99.3% ± 0.1%; log-rank p = 0.770) were similar. Only 2 patients (1 per group) underwent follow-up root reintervention. Propensity score-adjusted Cox regression excluded a relationship between root treatment and follow-up survival (hazard ratio, 1.5; 95% confidence interval, 0.502 to 5.010; p = 0.432). CONCLUSIONS: In type A acute aortic dissection patients more-extensive RR interventions are not associated with increased hospital mortality. This supports such an approach in young patients and patients with connective tissue diseases and bicuspid aortic valves. Excellent midterm survival and freedom from root reintervention in both groups suggest stable behavior of the nonreplaced aortic sinuses at 3 years. Thus, pending studies with longer follow-up, the use of aggressive RR techniques can be determined by patient-specific and dissection-related factors.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/métodos , Idoso , Aneurisma Dissecante/mortalidade , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/mortalidade , Canadá/epidemiologia , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
19.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 97(4): 1127-30, 2014 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24694401

RESUMO

In 2011 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) Workforce on National Databases established the International Database Task Force devoted to expanding participation in the STS National Database internationally. The vision for this initiative was to assist in the globalization of outcomes data and share knowledge, facilitating a worldwide quality collaborative in cardiac surgery. The Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery at Hadassah Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel, was among the first of several international sites to join the collaborative. This report outlines the rationale behind clinical databases outside of North America submitting data to the STS National Database and reviews the unique challenges and practical steps of integration through experiences by Hadassah Medical Center. Our hope is that this procedural learning will serve as a template to assist future international program integration.


Assuntos
Bases de Dados Factuais , Internacionalidade , Sociedades Médicas , Cirurgia Torácica , Israel
20.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg ; 44(2): 330-5; discussion 335-6, 2013 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23392107

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Primary cardiac sarcomas are extremely rare, but aggressive, tumours. The median survival with conventional treatment is 6-12 months. Recent data suggest that a radical multidisciplinary approach may improve patient outcome. We sought to evaluate our institutional experience with these tumours. METHODS: A multidisciplinary cardiac tumour programme was established 3 years ago based on the experience and support of our collaborating institution. Treatment consisted of pre- and postoperative chemotherapy, complete (R0) resection of the tumour with structural reconstruction and radiation therapy in selected cases. Left atrial tumours were resected using the cardiac autotransplantation technique. Bovine pericardium was used to reconstruct free-chamber walls or the septum. Valves were replaced by bioprostheses. A variety of autologous, allogeneic and synthetic vascular grafts were used to reconstruct the aorta, pulmonary arteries (PAs) and coronary arteries. RESULTS: Seven patients (3 males), age 51 ± 11 years (35-63), underwent eight operations. Tumour sites were PAs in 2 patients, left atrium in 3, right atrium in 2 and both great vessels in 1. Complete resection was achieved in all cases. There was no operative mortality. Two patients required implantation of a permanent pacemaker. Median survival was 24 months. Three patients died of metastatic disease and 1 sudden death 7, 23, 31 and 33 months after diagnosis. Three patients are alive at 2, 8 and 33 months, in functional Class I or II. One patient developed tumour recurrence and 2 have no evidence of disease. CONCLUSIONS: A radical multidisciplinary approach to cardiac sarcomas consisting of multimodality treatment and complex, technically demanding surgery, is safe and markedly improves (doubling) patient survival.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Cardíacas/cirurgia , Sarcoma/cirurgia , Adulto , Animais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Bovinos , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Neoplasias Cardíacas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Cardíacas/patologia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pericárdio/cirurgia , Sarcoma/tratamento farmacológico , Sarcoma/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
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