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1.
Molecules ; 25(9)2020 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32354044

RESUMO

Complexes [(dpp-BIAN)0CoIII2]·MeCN (I) and [(Py)2CoI2] (II) were synthesized by the reaction between cobalt(II) iodide and 1,2-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenylimino)acenaphthene (dpp-BIAN) or pyridine (Py), respectively. The molecular structures of the complexes were determined by X-ray diffraction. The Co(II) ions in both compounds are in a distorted tetrahedral environment (CoN2I2). The electrochemical behavior of complex I was studied by cyclic voltammetry. Magnetochemical measurements revealed that when an external magnetic field is applied, both compounds exhibit the properties of field-induced single ion magnets.

2.
Inorg Chem ; 58(24): 16434-16444, 2019 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31749359

RESUMO

Accurate determination of the spin Hamiltonian parameters in transition-metal complexes with large zero-field splitting (ZFS) is an actual challenge in studying magnetic and spectroscopic properties of high-spin transition metal complexes. Recent critical papers have convincingly shown that previous determinations of these parameters, based only on the magnetic data, have low accuracy and reliability. A combination of X-band electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy and SQUID magnetometry seems to be a more convincing and accurate approach. However, even in this case, the accuracy of the determination of the spin Hamiltonian parameters is strongly limited. In this work, we propose a purely spectroscopic approach, in which three complementary EPR spectroscopic techniques are used to unambiguously with high accuracy determine the spin Hamiltonian parameters for transition-metal complexes with S = 3/2. The applicability of this approach is demonstrated by analyzing the new quasi-octahedral high-spin Co(II) complex [Co(hfac)2(bpy)] (I). Along with the conventional X-band EPR spectroscopy, we also use such advanced techniques as multi-high-frequency EPR spectroscopy (MHF-EPR) and frequency-domain Fourier-transform THz-EPR (FD-FT THz-EPR). We demonstrate that the experimental data derived from the X-band and MHF-EPR EPR spectra allow determination of the g tensor (gx = 2.388, gy = 2.417, gz = 2.221) and the ZFS rhombicity parameter E/D = 0.158. The axial ZFS parameter D = 37.1 cm-1 is measured for I with the aid of FD-FT THZ-EPR spectroscopy, which is able to detect the high-energy EPR transition between the two Kramers doublets. CASSCF/NEVPT2 quantum-chemical calculations of magnetic parameters and magnetic direct current (dc) measurements are performed as well as testing options, and the results obtained in these ways are in good agreement with those derived using the proposed spectroscopic approach.

3.
Chemistry ; 25(43): 10204-10213, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31144786

RESUMO

We present herein the synthesis, crystal structure, and electric and magnetic properties of the spin-crossover salt [Mn(5-Cl-sal-N-1,5,8,12)]TCNQ1.5 ⋅2 CH3 CN (I), where 5-Cl-sal-N-1,5,8,12=N,N'-bis(3-(2-oxy-5-chlorobenzylideneamino)propyl)-ethylenediamine, containing distinct conductive and magnetic blocks along with acetonitrile solvent molecules. The MnIII complex with a Schiff-base ligand, [Mn(5-Cl-sal-N-1,5,8,12)]+ , acts as the magnetic unit, and the π-electron acceptor 7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane (TCNQ- ) is the conducting unit. The title compound (I) exhibits semiconducting behavior with room temperature conductivity σRT ≈1×10-4  ohm-1 cm-1 and activation energy Δ ≈0.20 eV. In the temperature range 73-123 K, it experiences a hysteretic phase transition accompanied by a crossover between the low-spin S=1 and high-spin S=2 states of MnIII and changes in bond lengths within the MnN4 O2 octahedra. The pronounced shrinkage of the basal Mn-N bonds in I at the spin crossover suggests that the d x 2 - y 2 orbital is occupied/deoccupied in this transition. Interestingly, the bromo isomorphic counterpart [Mn(5-Br-sal-N-1,5,8,12)]TCNQ1.5 ⋅2 CH3 CN (II) of the title compound evidences no spin-crossover phenomena and remains in the high-spin state in the temperature range 2-300 K. Comparison of the chloro and bromo compounds allows the thermal and spin-crossover contributions to the overall variation in bond lengths to be distinguished. The difference in magnetic behavior of these two salts has been ascribed to intermolecular supramolecular effects on the spin transition. Discrete hydrogen bonding exists between cations and cations and anions in both compounds. However, the hydrogen bonding in the crystals of II is much stronger than in I. The relatively close packing arrangement of the [Mn(5-Br-sal-N-1,5,8,12)]+ cations probably precludes their spin transformation.

4.
Dalton Trans ; 48(20): 6960-6970, 2019 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31041973

RESUMO

A coordination compound with the composition [CoLCl2]·H2O (L = bis-condensation product of diacetyl and 2-hydrazinyl-4,6-dimethylpyrimidine) was synthesized, in which the Co(ii) ion was hexacoordinated. Under applied DC fields, this compound exhibited single-ion magnet behavior. Two relaxation processes were observed when increasing the applied magnetic field from 1000 to 3200 Oe. The first relaxation (high-frequency) was observed both at 1000 Oe and 3200 Oe, while the second relaxation was only registered under a field of 3200 Oe at low frequencies (<1 Hz) and low temperatures (<5 K). Modeling of the magnetic DC properties using the Griffith Hamiltonian accompanied by quantum chemical calculations revealed easy-axis-type magnetic anisotropy with weak rhombic contributions.

5.
Magn Reson Chem ; 57(8): 472-478, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30997697

RESUMO

Complex multicomponent, multispin molecular system, consisting of a septet trinitrene, two quintet dinitrenes, and three triplet mononitrenes, was obtained by the photolysis of 2,4,6-triazido-3-cyano-5-fluoropyridine in solid argon. To identify these paramagnetic products, electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy in combination with line-shape spectral simulations and density functional theory calculations was used. The products of the photolysis was found to be triplet 2,4-diazido-3-cyano-5-fluoropyridyl-6-nitrene (DT  = 1.000 cm-1 , ET  = 0), triplet 2,4-diazido-3-cyano-5-fluoropyridyl-2-nitrene (DT  = 1.043 cm-1 , ET  = 0), triplet 2,6-diazido-3-cyano-5-fluoropyridyl-4-nitrene (DT  = 1.128 cm-1 , ET  = 0 cm-1 ), quintet 4-azido-3-cyano-5-fluoropyridyl-2,6-dinitrene (DQ  = 0.211 cm-1 , EQ  = 0.0532 cm-1 ), quintet 2-azido-3-cyano-5-fluoropyridyl-4,6-dinitrene (DQ  = 0.208 cm-1 , EQ  = 0.0386 cm-1 ), and septet 3-cyano-5-fluoropyridyl-2,4,6-trinitrene (DS  = -0.1017 cm-1 , ES  = -0.0042 cm-1 ) in a 38:4:7:22:14:4 ratio, respectively.

6.
J Phys Chem A ; 122(45): 8931-8937, 2018 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30359039

RESUMO

Previously unknown the steric heavy atom effect on magnetic anisotropy parameters of triplet phenyl nitrenes is reported. The heavy bromine atom effect is revealed by W-band EPR and theoretical investigations of triplet 2,4,6-tribromophenyl nitrenes bearing different substituents in positions 3 and 5 of the phenyl ring (1a, H/H; 1b, CN/CN; 1c, N3/F; 1d, N3/N3; 1e, Cl/Cl; 1f, Br/Br). The zero-field splitting parameters of nitrenes 1a ( D = 0.9930 cm-1, E = 0.0261 cm-1), 1c ( D = 1.244 cm-1, E = 0.030 cm-1), and 1d ( D = 1.369 cm-1, E = 0.093 cm-1), generated by the photolysis of the corresponding azides in frozen methylcyclohexane solution at 5 K, were determined from the W-band EPR spectra. To clarify the origin of considerable differences in the experimental D values of nitrenes 1a, 1c, and 1d, extensive DFT and CASSCF calculations of these nitrenes as well as of model nitrenes 1b, 1e, and 1f were performed. The calculations show that all nitrenes have nearly the same magnitudes of the spin-spin interactions ( DSS ∼ 1 cm-1), but drastically differ in the spin-orbit coupling parameter (from DSOC = 0.087 cm-1 for 1a to DSOC = 0.765 cm-1 for 1f). Comprehensive analysis of various computational data showed that the magnitude of DSOC of nitrenes 1a-f is the function of the N···Br distance between the nitrene nitrogen and the neighboring bromine atoms. The more bulky substituents are located in positions 3 and 5 of nitrenes 1a-1f, the smaller the N--Br distance and the larger DSOC. These features indicate that the heavy atom effect on magnetic anisotropy of triplet phenyl nitrenes originates from the through-space rather than through-bond electronic interactions between the bromine atoms and the nitrene unit.

7.
Dalton Trans ; 46(23): 7540-7548, 2017 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28573307

RESUMO

We report a combined experimental characterization and theoretical modeling of the hexa-coordinated high-spin Co(ii) complex cis-[Co(hfac)2(H2O)2] (I). The magnetic static field (DC) data and EPR spectra (measurements were carried out on the powder samples of diluted samples cis-[Co0.02Zn0.98 (hfac)2(H2O)2]) were analyzed with the aid of the parametric Griffith Hamiltonian for the high-spin Co(ii) supported by the ab initio calculations of the crystal field (CF) parameters, g-factors and superexchange parameters between H-bonded Co(ii) ions in the neighboring molecules in a 1D network. This analysis suggests the presence of the easy axis of magnetic anisotropy and also shows the existence of a significant rhombic component. The detected frequency dependent (AC) susceptibility signal shows that complex I exhibits slow paramagnetic relaxation in the applied DC field belonging thus to the class of non-uniaxial field induced single ion magnets with a negative axial component of anisotropy. It is demonstrated that the main contributions to the relaxation come from the direct one-phonon process dominating at low temperatures, while the contribution of the two-phonon Raman process becomes important with increasing temperature.

8.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 56(27): 7944-7947, 2017 06 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28493313

RESUMO

Low-temperature UV-photolysis of mesitylphosphiranes under highly anaerobic conditions leads to the formation of the triplet mesitylphosphinidene (MesP). The recorded X-band EPR spectrum of triplet MesP and the derived zero-field splitting parameter D=4.116 cm-1 differ significantly from those reported previously for this intermediate. New magnetic parameters of mesitylphosphinidene are discussed along with the results of DFT calculations.

9.
Inorg Chem ; 55(19): 9696-9706, 2016 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27632142

RESUMO

In this article we report the synthesis and structure of the new Co(II) complex Et4N[CoII(hfac)3] (I) (hfac = hexafluoroacetylacetonate) exhibiting single-ion magnet (SIM) behavior. The performed analysis of the magnetic characteristics based on the complementary experimental techniques such as static and dynamic magnetic measurements, electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy in conjunction with the theoretical modeling (parametric Hamiltonian and ab initio calculations) demonstrates that the SIM properties of I arise from the nonuniaxial magnetic anisotropy with strong positive axial and significant rhombic contributions.

10.
J Phys Chem A ; 119(11): 2413-9, 2015 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25350487

RESUMO

The heavy atom effect on the magnetic anisotropy of septet trinitrenes is reported. Septet 1-bromo-3,5-dichloro-2,4,6-trinitrenobenzene (S-1) was generated in a solid argon matrix by ultraviolet irradiation of 1,3,5-triazido-2-bromo-4,6-dichlorobenzene. This trinitrene displays an electron spin resonance (ESR) spectrum that drastically differs from ESR spectra of all previously studied septet trinitrenes. The zero-field splitting (ZFS) parameters, derived from the experimental spectrum, show the parameter |D| = 0.1237 cm(-1) and the unprecedentedly large ratio of E/D = 0.262 that is close to the rhombic limit E/D = 1/3 for high-spin molecules. The CASCI (based on state-averaged CASSCF) and DFT methods were applied to calculate the ZFS tensor focusing on the heavy (bromine) atom effects on the spin-orbit term. These calculations show that the multiconfigurational ab initio formalism and the CASCI method are the most successful for accurate predictions of the spin-orbit term in the ZFS tensor of high-spin nitrenes containing heavy bromine atoms. Due to the presence of the bromine atom in S-1, the contribution of the spin-orbit term to the total parameter D is dominant and responsible for the unusual orientation of the easy Z-axis lying in the molecular plane perpendicular to the C-Br bond. As a result, the principal values D(XX), D(YY), and D(ZZ) of the total tensor D̂(Tot) have such magnitudes and signs for which the ratio E/D is close to the rhombic limit, and the total parameter D is large in magnitude and positive in sign.

11.
J Phys Chem A ; 117(33): 8065-72, 2013 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23895219

RESUMO

The ESR spectrum of compact nitroxide (NO)-substituted nitronyl nitroxide (NN) triplet diradical N-tert-butyl-N-oxidanyl-2-amino-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazole-3-oxide-1-oxyl (1) was recorded in solid argon matrix at 15 K. The zero-field splitting (ZFS) parameters of 1 were derived from the recorded ESR spectrum: |D| = 0.0248 cm(-1) and E = 0.0025 cm(-1). Quantum chemical calculations have been performed using DFT and multiconfigurational ab initio (CAS) methods in order to establish equilibrium geometries of the conformational isomers resulting from twisted conformations of NO and NN moieties. The ZFS parameters of 1 were calculated at these levels of theory to test validity of the calculated structures. The calculation results were analyzed using the measured ZFS parameters and magnetic and structural data from the previous studies (Suzuki, S.; et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132, 15908; Tretyakov, E. V.; et al. Russ. Chem. Bull. 2011, 60, 2608). It was found that the ab initio method is most successful for accurate predictions of molecular and magnetic parameters. Diradical 1 has only one stable enantiomeric pair in pseudoeclipsed conformations. The two chiral isomers exist in racemic crystals 1 and in solid matrices with molecular parameters close to those attributed to a free molecule. The analysis of the spin density distribution suggests that one unpaired electron occupies NO group at the equilibrium geometry, whereas the torsion of NO group governs the spin density distribution of the second unpaired electron on a conjugated fragment in NN group. The increase in planarity by torsion of NO group enhances the trimethylenemethane-type properties and, therefore, gives rise to larger ferromagnetic exchange interaction. More planar equilibrium geometry and greater (three times) exchange interaction constant J were predicted for hypothetical diradical 1a, where bulky tert-butyl group is replaced by a methyl group in the nitroxide fragment.

12.
J Chem Phys ; 138(20): 204317, 2013 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23742485

RESUMO

The fine-structure (FS) parameters D of a series of D3h symmetric septet trinitrenes were analyzed theoretically using density functional theory (DFT) calculations and compared with the experimental D values derived from ESR spectra. ESR studies show that D3h symmetric septet 1,3,5-trichloro-2,4,6-trinitrenobenzene with D = -0.0957 cm(-1) and E = 0 cm(-1) is the major paramagnetic product of the photolysis of 1,3,5-triazido-2,4,6-trichlorobenzene in solid argon matrices at 15 K. Trinitrenes of this type display in the powder X-band ESR spectra intense Z1-transition at very low magnetic fields, the position of which allows one to precisely calculate the parameter D of such molecules. Thus, our revision of the FS parameters of well-known 1,3,5-tricyano-2,4,6-trinitrenobenzene [E. Wasserman, K. Schueller, and W. A. Yager, Chem. Phys. Lett. 2, 259 (1968)] shows that this trinitrene has [line]D[line] = 0.092 cm(-1) and E = 0 cm(-1). DFT calculations reveal that, unlike C2v symmetric septet trinitrenes, D3h symmetric trinitrenes have the same orientations of the spin-spin coupling tensor D[^]SS and the spin-orbit coupling tensor D[^]SOC and, as a result, have negative signs for both the DSS and DSOC values. The negative magnetic anisotropy of septet 2,4,6-trinitrenobenzenes is considerably strengthened on introduction of heavy atoms in the molecules, owing to an increase in contributions of various excitation states to the DSOC term.

13.
Beilstein J Org Chem ; 9: 733-42, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23766785

RESUMO

In contrast to theoretical expectations, the photolysis of 2,4,6-triazido-3-chloro-5-fluoropyridine in argon at 5 K gives rise to EPR peaks of just two triplet mononitrenes, two quintet dinitrenes, and a septet trinitrene. EPR spectral simulations in combination with DFT calculations show that observable nitrenes can be assigned to triplet 2,4-diazido-3-chloro-5-fluoropyridyl-6-nitrene (D T = 1.026 cm(-1), E T = 0), triplet 2,6-diazido-3-chloro-5-fluoropyridyl-4-nitrene (D T = 1.122 cm(-1), E T = 0.0018 cm(-1)), quintet 4-azido-3-chloro-5-fluoropyridyl-2,6-dinitrene (D Q = 0.215 cm(-1), E Q = 0.0545 cm(-1)), quintet 2-azido-3-chloro-5-fluoropyridyl-4,6-dinitrene (D Q = 0.209 cm(-1), E Q = 0.039 cm(-1)) and septet 3-chloro-5-fluoropyridyl-2,4,6-trinitrene (D S = -0.1021 cm(-1), E S = -0.0034 cm(-1)). Preferential photodissociation of the azido groups located in ortho-positions to the fluorine atom of pyridines is associated with strong π-conjugation of these groups with the pyridine ring. On photoexcitation, such azido groups are more efficiently involved in reorganization of the molecular electronic system and more easily adopt geometries of the locally excited predissociation states.

14.
J Chem Phys ; 137(6): 064308, 2012 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22897274

RESUMO

High-spin organic molecules with dominant spin-orbit contribution to magnetic anisotropy are reported. Quintet 4-azido-3,5-dibromopyridyl-2,6-dinitrene (Q-1), quintet 2-azido-3,5-dibromopyridyl-4,6-dinitrene (Q-2), and septet 3,5-dibromopyridyl-2,4,6-trinitrene (S-1) were generated in solid argon matrices by ultraviolet irradiation of 2,4,6-triazido-3,5-dibromopyridine. The zero-field splitting (ZFS) parameters, derived from electron spin resonance spectra, show unprecedentedly large magnitudes of the parameters D: ∣D(Q1)∣ = 0.289, ∣D(Q2)∣ = 0.373, and ∣D(S1)∣ = 0.297 cm(-1). The experimental ZFS parameters were successfully reproduced by density functional theory calculations, confirming that magnetic anisotropy of high-spin organic molecules can considerably be enhanced by the "heavy atom effect." In bromine-containing high-spin nitrenes, the spin-orbit term is dominant and governs both the magnitude and the sign of magnetic anisotropy. The largest negative value of D among septet trinitrenes is predicted for 1,3,5-trinitrenobenzene bearing three heavy atoms (Br) in positions 2, 4, and 6 of the benzene ring.

15.
Chemphyschem ; 13(11): 2721-8, 2012 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22693143

RESUMO

The UV (λ>305 nm) photolysis of triazide 3 in 2-methyl-tetrahydrofuran glass at 7 K selectively produces triplet mononitrene 4 (g=2.003, D(T)=0.92 cm(-1), E(T)=0 cm(-1)), quintet dinitrene 6 (g=2.003, D(Q)=0.204 cm(-1), E(Q)=0.035 cm(-1)), and septet trinitrene 8 (g=2.003, D(S)=-0.0904 cm(-1), E(S) =-0.0102 cm(-1)). After 45 min of irradiation, the major products are dinitrene 6 and trinitrene 8 in a ratio of ∼1:2, respectively. These nitrenes are formed as mixtures of rotational isomers each of which has slightly different magnetic parameters D and E. The best agreement between the line-shape spectral simulations and the experimental electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectrum is obtained with the line-broadening parameters Γ(E(Q))=180 MHz for dinitrene 6 and Γ(E(S))=330 MHz for trinitrene 8. According to these line-broadening parameters, the variations of the angles Θ in rotational isomers of 6 and 8 are expected to be about ±1 and ±3°, respectively. Theoretical estimations of the magnetic parameters obtained from PBE/DZ(COSMO)//UB3LYP/6-311+G(d,p) calculations overestimate the E and D values by 1 and 8 %, respectively. Despite the large distances between the nitrene units and the extended π systems, the zero field splitting (zfs) parameters D are found to be close to those in quintet dinitrenes and septet trinitrenes, where the nitrene centers are attached to the same aryl ring. The large D values of branched septet nitrenes are due to strong negative one-center spin-spin interactions in combination with weak positive two-center spin-spin interactions, as predicted by theoretical considerations.

16.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 14(6): 2032-9, 2012 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22234556

RESUMO

The ESR spectrum of 5-methylhexa-1,2,4-triene-1,3-diyl (1) was recorded in an argon matrix at 15 K. The derived zero-field splitting (ZFS) parameters (D = 0.5054 ± 0.0006 cm(-1) and E = 0.0045 ± 0.0002 cm(-1)) fall between those determined previously for propargylene (2) and vinylcarbene (3). DFT and ab initio (CAS and MRCI) quantum-chemical calculations of the ZFS parameters of 1, 2, and 3 were performed. These calculations indicate that multireference methods are needed to successfully predict ZFS parameters of delocalized carbenes/biradicals such as 1-3. The calculated singly occupied MOs and spin density distributions show that the spin is more delocalized in 1 than in 2 and 3, indicating that 1 is a "hybrid" of the constituent ethynyl- and vinylcarbenes, 2 and 3, respectively. The dominant contribution to the D-value in 1 and 2 is found to result from spin-spin interactions on the C atoms of the propylidene moiety, which is strongly affected by spin polarization. Accurate values for the D-parameter are also predicted for other types of delocalized triplet carbenes such as HC(5)H and HCCN.

17.
J Phys Chem A ; 115(30): 8419-25, 2011 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21682299

RESUMO

Photolysis of 2,6-bis(4'-azidophenyl)-4-phenylpyridine in 2-methyltetrahydrofuran (2MTHF) glass at 7 K leads to quintet 2,6-bis(4'-nitrenophenyl)-4-phenylpyridine as a mixture of rotational isomers. The electron spin resonance (ESR) spectrum of this mixture of rotamers shows a considerable broadening of many transitions in the range of 0-5000 G and cannot be reproduced by computer simulations solely based on the tuning of the spin Hamiltonian parameters g, D(Q), and E(Q) alone or on predictions of DFT calculations. The best modeling of the experimental ESR spectrum is obtained only when the large line-broadening parameter of Γ(E(Q)) = 1200 MHz along with the spin Hamiltonian g = 2.003, D(Q) = 0.154 cm(-1), and E(Q) = 0.050 cm(-1) is used in the spectral simulations. The most accurate theoretical estimations of the magnetic parameters of the dinitrene in a 2MTHF glass are obtained from the B3LYP/6-311+G(d,p)+PBE/DZ/COSMO calculations of the spin-spin coupling parameters D(SS) and E(SS). Such calculations overestimate the E(Q) and D(Q) values of the dinitrene just by 1% and 10%, respectively, demonstrating that contributions of the spin-orbit coupling parameters D(SOC) and E(SOC) to the total D(Q) and E(Q) values are negligibly small. The research shows that ESR studies of polynuclear high-spin nitrenes, obtained by photolysis of rotational isomers of the starting azides, can only be successful if large E(Q) strain effects are taken into account in the spectral simulations.


Assuntos
Piridinas/química , Teoria Quântica , Espectroscopia de Ressonância de Spin Eletrônica , Estrutura Molecular , Fotólise , Estereoisomerismo
18.
J Chem Phys ; 133(6): 064101, 2010 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20707555

RESUMO

This work presents a detailed evaluation of the performance of density functional theory (DFT) for the prediction of zero-field splittings (ZFSs) in high-spin nitrenes. A number of well experimentally characterized triplet mononitrenes, quartet nitrenoradicals, quintet dinitrenes, and septet trinitrenes have been considered. Several DFT-based approaches for the prediction of ZFSs have been compared. It is shown that the unrestricted Kohn-Sham and the Pederson-Khanna approaches are the most successful for the estimation of the direct spin-spin (SS) interaction and the spin-orbit coupling (SOC) parts, respectively, to the final ZFS parameters. The most accurate theoretical predictions (within 10%) are achieved by using the PBE density functional in combination with the DZ, EPR-II, and TZV basis sets. For high-spin nitrenes constituted from light atoms, the contribution of the SOC part to ZFS parameters is quite small (7%-12%). By contrast, for chlorine-substituted septet trinitrenes, the contribution of the SOC part is small only to D value but, in the case of E value, it is as large as the SS part and has opposite sign. Due to this partial cancellation of two different contributions, SS and SOC, the resulting values of E in heavy molecules are almost two times smaller than those predicted by analysis of the widely used semiempirical one-center spin-spin interaction model. The decomposition of D(SS) into n-center (n=1-4) interactions shows that the major contribution to D(SS) results from the one-center spin-spin interactions. This fact indicates that the semiempirical SS interaction model accurately predicts the ZFS parameters for all types of high-spin nitrenes with total spin S=2 and 3, if their molecules are constructed from the first-row atoms.

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