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1.
J Exp Med ; 218(11)2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34473196

RESUMO

Autosomal dominant (AD) NFKB1 deficiency is thought to be the most common genetic etiology of common variable immunodeficiency (CVID). However, the causal link between NFKB1 variants and CVID has not been demonstrated experimentally and genetically, and there has been insufficient biochemical characterization and enrichment analysis. We show that the cotransfection of NFKB1-deficient HEK293T cells (lacking both p105 and its cleaved form p50) with a κB reporter, NFKB1/p105, and a homodimerization-defective RELA/p65 mutant results in p50:p65 heterodimer-dependent and p65:p65 homodimer-independent transcriptional activation. We found that 59 of the 90 variants in patients with CVID or related conditions were loss of function or hypomorphic. By contrast, 258 of 260 variants in the general population or patients with unrelated conditions were neutral. None of the deleterious variants displayed negative dominance. The enrichment in deleterious NFKB1 variants of patients with CVID was selective and highly significant (P = 2.78 × 10-15). NFKB1 variants disrupting NFKB1/p50 transcriptional activity thus underlie AD CVID by haploinsufficiency, whereas neutral variants in this assay should not be considered causal.

2.
J Clin Immunol ; 2021 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34390440

RESUMO

Hyper-IgE syndromes and chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis constitute rare primary immunodeficiency syndromes with an overlapping clinical phenotype. In recent years, a growing number of underlying genetic defects have been identified. To characterize the underlying genetic defects in a large international cohort of 275 patients, of whom 211 had been clinically diagnosed with hyper-IgE syndrome and 64 with chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis, targeted panel sequencing was performed, relying on Agilent HaloPlex and Illumina MiSeq technologies. The targeted panel sequencing approach allowed us to identify 87 (32 novel and 55 previously described) mutations in 78 patients, which generated a diagnostic success rate of 28.4%. Specifically, mutations in DOCK8 (26 patients), STAT3 (21), STAT1 (15), CARD9 (6), AIRE (3), IL17RA (2), SPINK5 (3), ZNF341 (2), CARMIL2/RLTPR (1), IL12RB1 (1), and WAS (1) have been detected. The most common clinical findings in this cohort were elevated IgE (81.5%), eczema (71.7%), and eosinophilia (62.9%). Regarding infections, 54.7% of patients had a history of radiologically proven pneumonia, and 28.3% have had other serious infections. History of fungal infection was noted in 53% of cases and skin abscesses in 52.9%. Skeletal or dental abnormalities were observed in 46.2% of patients with a characteristic face being the most commonly reported feature (23.1%), followed by retained primary teeth in 18.9% of patients. Targeted panel sequencing provides a cost-effective first-line genetic screening method which allows for the identification of mutations also in patients with atypical clinical presentations and should be routinely implemented in referral centers.

3.
Front Immunol ; 12: 696268, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34413849

RESUMO

Context: Disseminated infections due to Mycobacterium bovis Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) are unusual and occur mostly in patients with inborn error of immunity (IEI) or acquired immunodeficiency. However, cases of secondary BCGosis due to intravesical BCG instillation have been described. Herein, we present a case of severe BCGosis occurring in an unusual situation. Case Description: We report one case of severe disseminated BCG disease occurring after hematological malignancy in a 48-year-old man without BCG instillation and previously vaccinated in infancy with no complication. Laboratory investigations demonstrated that he was not affected by any known or candidate gene of IEI or intrinsic cellular defect involving IFNγ pathway. Whole genome sequencing of the BCG strain showed that it was most closely related to the M. bovis BCG Tice strain, suggesting an unexpected relationship between the secondary immunodeficiency of the patient and the acquired BCG infection. Conclusion: This case highlights the fact that, in addition to the IEI, physicians, as well as microbiologists and pharmacists should be aware of possible acquired disseminated BCG disease in secondary immunocompromised patients treated in centers that administrate BCG for bladder cancers.

4.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 23(1): 188, 2021 07 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34256812

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The risk of severe COVID-19 and its determinants remain largely unknown in patients with autoimmune and inflammatory rheumatic diseases. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of COVID-19 infection in patients followed for rare autoimmune diseases as well as the predictors of COVID-19 and disease flare-ups. METHODS: Cross-sectional phone survey from April 9, 2020, to July 2, 2020, during which patients with autoimmune diseases followed at the National Reference Center for Rare Autoimmune diseases of Strasbourg were systematically contacted by phone and sent a prescription for a SARS-CoV-2 serology. RESULTS: One thousand two hundred thirty-two patients were contacted. One thousand fifty-five patients with a confirmed diagnosis of systemic autoimmune disease were included (4 unreachable, 4 moves abroad, 5 deaths before pandemic, 50 without consent, and 114 without autoimmune disease). Among them, 469 (44.5%) patients were tested for SARS-CoV-2 serology. Thirty-nine patients (7.9%) had SARS-CoV-2 infection (either through chest CT-scan [n = 5], RT-PCR on nasopharyngeal swab [n = 14], or serology [n = 31]) among the 496 who underwent at least one of those 3 diagnosis modalities. Of the 39 proven cases, 33 had clinical manifestations (6 asymptomatic patients were diagnosed through systematic serology testing), 31 were managed by home care, 3 were hospitalized due to a need for oxygenation, two required admission to an intensive care unit, and one died. Among patients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection, reported flares were more frequent than in uninfected patients (26.3% [10/38] vs. 7.0% [32/457], p < 0.0001). Preventive sick leave had no significant impact on the prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 infection (5.8% [3/53]) compared to work continuation (7.6% [30/397], p = 0.64). Overall, the seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 was 6.6% (31/469) which was numerically lower to the Grand-Est general population estimated to be 9.0%. CONCLUSIONS: This systematic survey of more than 1000 patients with rare systemic autoimmune diseases reports a low prevalence of proven SARS-CoV-2 infection and very rare severe infections, probably related to good compliance with prophylactic measures in these patients.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes , COVID-19 , Doenças Autoimunes/diagnóstico , Doenças Autoimunes/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , SARS-CoV-2 , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33974078

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We recently recorded a high prevalence of inclusion body myositis (IBM) in patients with Sjögren's syndrome (SS). Whether myositis patients with SS differ from myositis patients without SS in terms of the characteristics of the myositis is currently unknown. Anti-cytosolic 5'-nucleotidase 1 A (cN1A) has recently been proposed as a biomarker for IBM but is also frequent in SS. Whether anti-cN1A is independently associated with IBM is still an open question. We aimed to assess the significance of SS and anti-cN1A in myositis patients. METHODS: Cumulative data on all myositis patients (EULAR/ACR 2017 criteria) screened for SS (ACR/EULAR 2016 criteria) in a single center were analyzed. Ninety-nine patients were included, covering the whole spectrum of EULAR/ACR 2017 myositis subgroups and with a median follow-up of 6 years [range 1.0-37.5]. The 34 myositis patients with SS (myositis/SS+) were compared with the 65 myositis patients without SS (myositis/SS-). RESULTS: IBM was present in 24% of the myositis/SS+ patients vs 6% of the myositis/SS- group (p = 0.020). None of the IBM patients responded to treatment, whether they had SS or not. Anti-cN1A was more frequent in myositis/SS+ patients (38% vs 6%, p = 0.0005), independently of the higher prevalence of IBM in this group (multivariate p-value: 0.02). Anti-cN1A antibody specificity for IBM was 0.96 [95% CI, 0.87-0.99] in the myositis SS- group but dropped to 0.70 [95% CI, 0.48-0.85] in the myositis SS/+ group. INTERPRETATION: In myositis patients, SS is associated with IBM and with anti-cN1A antibodies, independently of the IBM diagnosis. As a consequence, anti-cN1A has limited specificity for IBM in myositis patients with SS.

7.
J Autoimmun ; 120: 102633, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33932829

RESUMO

Naturally-occurring autoantibodies to certain components of autophagy processes have been described in a few autoimmune diseases, but their fine specificity, their relationships with clinical phenotypes, and their potential pathogenic functions remain elusive. Here, we explored IgG autoantibodies reacting with a panel of cytoplasmic endosomal/lysosomal antigens and individual heat-shock proteins, all of which share links to autophagy. Sera from autoimmune patients and from MRL/lpr and NZB/W lupus-prone mice reacted with the C-terminal residues of lysosome-associated membrane glycoprotein (LAMP)2A. No cross-reaction was observed with LAMP2B or LAMP2C variants, with dsDNA or mononucleosomes, or with heat-shock protein A8. Moreover, administering chromatography-purified LAMP2A autoantibodies to MRL/lpr mice accelerated mortality. Furthermore, flow cytometry revealed elevated cell-surface expression of LAMP2A on MRL/lpr B cells. These findings reveal the involvement of a new class of autoantibodies targeting the C-terminus of LAMP2A, a receptor for cytosolic proteins targeted for degradation via chaperone-mediated autophagy. These autoantibodies could affect the autophagy process, which is abnormally upregulated in lupus. The data presented support a novel connection between autophagy dysregulation, autoimmune processes and pathophysiology in lupus.

10.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 2021 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33881225

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Silica is an environmental substance strongly linked with autoimmunity. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV), including granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), microscopic polyangiitis (MPA), and renal limited vasculitis, in a northeastern region of France and to evaluate whether there was a geospatial association between the localization of quarries in the region and the prevalence of these AAVs. METHODS: Potential AAV patients were identified using 3 sources: hospital records, immunology laboratories, and the French National Health Insurance System. Patients who resided in the Alsace region of France as of January 1, 2016 and who fulfilled the American College of Rheumatology criteria for GPA or the 2012 Chapel Hill Consensus Conference definitions for GPA or MPA were included. Incomplete case ascertainment was corrected using a capture-recapture analysis. The spatial association between the number of cases and the presence of quarries in each administrative entity was assessed using regression analyses weighted for geographic region. RESULTS: Among 910 potential AAV patients, we identified 185 patients fulfilling inclusion criteria: 120 patients with GPA, 35 patients with MPA, and 30 patients with renal limited vasculitis. The number of cases missed by any source as estimated by capture-recapture analysis was 6.4 (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 3.6-11.5). Accordingly, the estimated prevalence in Alsace in 2016 was 65.5 GPA cases per million inhabitants (95% CI 47.3-93.0), 19.1 MPA cases per million inhabitants (95% CI 11.3-34.3), and 16.8 renal limited vasculitis cases per million inhabitants (95% CI 8.7-35.2). The risk of AAV was significantly increased in communities with quarries (odds ratio 2.51 [95% CI 1.66-3.80]), and geographic-weighted regression analyses revealed a significant spatial association between the proximity to quarries and the number of GPA cases (P = 0.039). In analyses stratifying the AAV patients by ANCA serotype, a significant association between the presence of quarries and positivity for both proteinase 3 ANCAs (P = 0.04) and myeloperoxidase ANCAs (P = 0.03) was observed. CONCLUSION: In a region with a high density of quarries, the spatial association between the presence of and proximity to quarries and the prevalence of AAVs supports the idea that silica may have a role as a specific environmental factor in this disease.

11.
Autoimmun Rev ; 20(5): 102798, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33722752

RESUMO

It is now widely accepted that antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) have direct pathogenic effects and that B cells, notably through aPL production, play a key role in the development of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). Recent findings strengthened the implication of B cells with the description of specific B cell phenotype abnormalities and inborn errors of immunity involving B cell signaling in APS patients. In addition, it has been shown in preclinical models that cross-reactivity between APS autoantigens and mimotopes expressed by human gut commensals can lead to B cell tolerance breakdown and are sufficient for APS development. However, B cell targeting therapies are surprisingly not as effective as expected in APS compared to other autoimmune diseases. Elucidation of the B cell tolerance breakdown mechanisms in APS patients may help to develop and guide the use of novel therapeutic agents that target B cells or specific immune pathway.


Assuntos
Síndrome Antifosfolipídica , Doenças Autoimunes , Anticorpos Antifosfolipídeos , Linfócitos B , Humanos , Fenótipo
12.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 60(6): 2672-2677, 2021 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33175957

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of fatigue is high in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In this study, we used latent class analysis to reveal patterns of fatigue, anxiety, depression and organ involvement in a large international cohort of SLE patients. METHODS: We used the Lupus BioBank of the upper Rhein to analyse patterns of fatigue using latent class analysis (LCA). After determining the optimal number of latent classes, patients were assigned according to model generated probabilities, and characteristics of classes were compared. RESULTS: A total of 502 patients were included. Significant fatigue, anxiety and depression were reported by 341 (67.9%), 159 (31.7%) and 52 (10.4%) patients, respectively. LCA revealed a first cluster (67.5% of patients) with low disease activity [median (25th-75th percentile interquartile range) Safety of Estrogens in Lupus Erythematosus National Assessment (SELENA)-SLEDAI: 2 (0-4)], significant fatigue (55.5%, P < 0.0001), low anxiety (11.8%, P < 0.0001) and depression (0.9%, P < 0.0001). Cluster 2 (25.3%) also comprised patients with low disease activity [SELENA-SLEDAI: 2 (0-6)], but those patients had a very high prevalence of fatigue (100%, P < 0.0001), anxiety (89%, P < 0.0001) and depression (38.6%, P < 0.0001). Cluster 3 (7.2%) comprised patients with high disease activity [SELENA-SLEDAI: 12 (8-17), P < 0.0001] and high fatigue (72.2%, P < 0.0001) with low levels of anxiety (16.7%, P < 0.0001) and no depression (0%, P < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: LCA revealed three patterns of fatigue with important practical implications. Based on these, it is crucial to distinguish patients with active disease (in whom remission will be achieved) from those with no or mild activity but high levels of fatigue, depression and anxiety, for whom psychological counselling should be prioritized.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32788393

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To report the association of JC virus infection of the brain (progressive multifocal encephalopathy [PML]) during the course of sarcoidosis and the challenging balance between immune reconstitution under targeted cytokine interleukin 7 (IL7) therapy for PML and immunosuppression for sarcoidosis. METHODS: Original case report including deep sequencing (whole-exome sequencing) to exclude a primary immunodeficiency (PID) and review of the literature of cases of PML and sarcoidosis. RESULTS: We report and discuss here a challenging case of immune reconstitution with IL7 therapy for PML in sarcoidosis in a patient without evidence for underling PID or previous immunosuppressive therapy. CONCLUSIONS: New targeted therapies in immunology and infectiology open the doors of more specific and more specialized therapies for patients with immunodeficiencies, autoimmune diseases, or cancers. However, before instauration of these treatments, the risk of immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome and potential exacerbation of an underlying disease must be considered. It is particularly true in case of autoimmune disease such as sarcoidosis or lupus.

15.
Front Immunol ; 11: 1065, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32625202

RESUMO

The field of primary immunodeficiencies (PIDs) is rapidly evolving. Indeed, the number of described diseases is constantly increasing thanks to the rapid identification of novel genetic defects by next-generation sequencing. PIDs are now rather referred to as "inborn errors of immunity" due to the association between a wide range of immune dysregulation-related clinical features and the "prototypic" increased infection susceptibility. The phenotypic spectrum of PIDs is therefore very large and includes several orofacial features. However, the latter are often overshadowed by severe systemic manifestations and remain underdiagnosed. Patients with impaired innate immunity are predisposed to a variety of oral manifestations including oral infections (e.g., candidiasis, herpes gingivostomatitis), aphthous ulcers, and severe periodontal diseases. Although less frequently, they can also show orofacial developmental abnormalities. Oral lesions can even represent the main clinical manifestation of some PIDs or be inaugural, being therefore one of the first features indicating the existence of an underlying immune defect. The aim of this review is to describe the orofacial features associated with the different PIDs of innate immunity based on the new 2019 classification from the International Union of Immunological Societies (IUIS) expert committee. This review highlights the important role played by the dentist, in close collaboration with the multidisciplinary medical team, in the management and the diagnostic of these conditions.


Assuntos
Imunidade Inata , Doenças da Boca/etiologia , Doenças da Imunodeficiência Primária/complicações , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Doença Granulomatosa Crônica/complicações , Doença Granulomatosa Crônica/genética , Doença Granulomatosa Crônica/imunologia , Humanos , Imunidade Inata/genética , Síndrome da Aderência Leucocítica Deficitária/complicações , Síndrome da Aderência Leucocítica Deficitária/genética , Síndrome da Aderência Leucocítica Deficitária/imunologia , Doenças da Boca/genética , Doenças da Boca/imunologia , Mutação , Neutropenia/complicações , Neutropenia/genética , Neutropenia/imunologia , Doença de Papillon-Lefevre/complicações , Doença de Papillon-Lefevre/genética , Doença de Papillon-Lefevre/imunologia , Doenças da Imunodeficiência Primária/genética , Doenças da Imunodeficiência Primária/imunologia
16.
Lupus Sci Med ; 7(1)2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32616563

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Systemic lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease characterised by its phenotypic heterogeneity. Neutropaenia is a frequent event in SLE occurring in 20%-40% of patients depending on the threshold value of neutrophil count. On a daily basis, the management of neutropaenia in SLE is difficult with several possible causes. Moreover, the infectious consequences of neutropaenia in SLE remain not well defined. METHODS: 998 patients from the Lupus BioBank of the upper Rhein (LBBR), a large German and French cohort of patients with SLE, mostly of Caucasian origin (83%), were included in this study. Neutropaenia was considered when neutrophil count was below 1800×106/L. An additional analysis of detailed medical records was done for 65 LBBR patients with neutropaenia. RESULTS: 208 patients with neutropaenia (21%) were compared with 779 SLE patients without neutropaenia. Neutropaenia in SLE was significantly associated with thrombocytopaenia (OR 4.11 (2.57-10.3)), lymphopaenia (OR 4.41 (2.51-11.5)) and low C3 (OR 1.91 (1.03-4.37)) in multivariate analysis. 65 representative patients with neutropaenia were analysed. Neutropaenia was moderate to severe in 38%, chronic in 31%, and both severe and chronic in 23% of cases. Moderate to severe and chronic neutropaenia were both associated with lymphopaenia and thrombopaenia. Chronic neutropaenia was also associated anti-Ro/SSA antibodies and moderate to severe neutropaenia with oral ulcers. CONCLUSION: This study is to date the largest cohort to describe neutropaenia in SLE. Neutropaenia displays a strong association with other cytopaenias, suggesting a common mechanism. Chronic neutropaenia is associated with anti-Ro/SSA antibodies with or without identified Sjögren's disease.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/sangue , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Neutropenia/etiologia , Síndrome de Sjogren/sangue , Adulto , Anticorpos Antinucleares/sangue , Doenças Autoimunes/complicações , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Complemento C3/imunologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , França/etnologia , Alemanha/etnologia , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/patologia , Linfopenia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Neutropenia/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Sjogren/complicações , Trombocitopenia/epidemiologia
17.
Front Immunol ; 11: 1409, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32714335

RESUMO

As the world is severely affected by COVID-19 pandemic, the use of chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine in prevention or for the treatment of patients is allowed in multiple countries but remained at the center of much controversy in recent days. This review describes the properties of chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine, and highlights not only their anti-viral effects but also their important immune-modulatory properties and their well-known use in autoimmune diseases, including systemic lupus and arthritis. Chloroquine appears to inhibit in vitro SARS virus' replication and to interfere with SARS-CoV2 receptor (ACE2). Chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine impede lysosomal activity and autophagy, leading to a decrease of antigen processing and presentation. They are also known to interfere with endosomal Toll-like receptors signaling and cytosolic sensors of nucleic acids, which result in a decreased cellular activation and thereby a lower type I interferons and inflammatory cytokine secretion. Given the antiviral and anti-inflammatory properties of chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine, there is a rational to use them against SARS-CoV2 infection. However, the anti-interferon properties of these molecules might be detrimental, and impaired host immune responses against the virus. This duality could explain the discrepancy with the recently published studies on CQ/HCQ treatment efficacy in COVID-19 patients. Moreover, although these treatments could be an interesting potential strategy to limit progression toward uncontrolled inflammation, they do not appear per se sufficiently potent to control the whole inflammatory process in COVID-19, and more targeted and/or potent therapies should be required at least in add-on.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus/fisiologia , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Pandemias , Replicação Viral/efeitos dos fármacos , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2 , Apresentação do Antígeno , COVID-19 , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Humanos , Lisossomos/imunologia , Lisossomos/virologia , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Receptores Toll-Like/imunologia , Replicação Viral/imunologia
18.
Front Immunol ; 11: 840, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32457756

RESUMO

Children with Down syndrome (DS) suffer from recurrent respiratory infections, which represent the leading cause of mortality during childhood. This susceptibility to infections is usually considered multifactorial and related to both impaired immune function and non-immunological factors. Infections are also one of the top causes of death in DS at adulthood. DS is considered an immunodeficiency with syndromic features by some researchers because of this high rate of infection and the immunological characteristics observed in children with DS. Little is known about the immune status of adult patients. Herein, we report the clinical and immune phenotype of 44 adults with DS, correlated with their infectious history. We observed that these adults had an aberrant lymphocyte phenotype with decreased naïve/memory T cell ratios and reduced numbers of switched memory B cells. The lower incidence of infectious events at adulthood distinguish DS from other inborn errors of immunity. Primary immunodeficiency-related features in DS could explain the increased risk of developing autoimmunity, malignancies, and infections. During adulthood, this immune dysfunction may be compensated for in mid-life, and infection-related mortality observed in older patients might be favored by multiple factors such as neurological impairment or nosocomial antigen exposure. Clinical Trial Registration: www.ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier NCT01663675 (August 13, 2012).


Assuntos
Linfócitos B/citologia , Síndrome de Down/imunologia , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/imunologia , Infecções/imunologia , Linfócitos T/citologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Síndrome de Down/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/complicações , Memória Imunológica , Infecções/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Adulto Jovem
19.
Autoimmun Rev ; 19(6): 102531, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234406

RESUMO

AIM: To describe changes in the 2001-2014 mortality of 6 autoimmune systemic diseases (AISDs), namely Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), Systemic Sclerosis (SSc), Idiopathic Inflammatory Myopathies (IIM), Sjögren's Syndrome (SS), Mixed Connective Tissue Disease (MCTD) and ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV) at the country-, continent-, and world-levels. METHODS: Mortality data were retrieved from the World Health Organization (WHO) mortality database for each disease, based on ICD-10 codes. We computed age-standardized mortality rate (ASMR) as the estimated number of deaths per million inhabitants and its 95% confidence interval (95%CI). The association between gender, geographical areas and disease-specific mortality was analyzed using multivariate Poisson regression. The 2001-2014 temporal trends were analyzed using Jointpoint software. RESULTS: In 2014, the worldwide ASMR for SLE was 2.68 (95%CI: 2.62-2.75) deaths/millions inhabitants, 1.46 (1.42-1.51) for SSc, 0.47 (0.44-0.49) for IIM, 0.17 (0.15-0.18) for SS, 0.11 (0.10-0.13) for MCTD and 0.53 (0.50-0.56) for AAV, with ASMRs generally lower in Europe than in North America, Latin America and Asia. Between 2001 and 2014, the worldwide ASMR decreased significantly for SSc (-0.71%/year), IIM (-1.65%/year) and AAV (-1.01%/year; p < .001 for all) and increased for SS (+1.53%/year, p = .01). The worldwide ASMR of SLE decreased significantly between 2001 and 2003 (-6.37%, p < .05) before increasing slightly between 2004 and 2014 (+0.58%, p < .01). CONCLUSIONS: We observed a strong heterogeneity of standardized mortality rates across all countries analyzed for 6 autoimmune diseases. Those results further highlight the impact of world-wide inequities and major gaps in access to care and strategies for diagnosis and management of rare diseases, a crucial finding for world-wide physicians, patient associations and policy makers.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/mortalidade , Causas de Morte , Internacionalidade , Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/mortalidade , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/mortalidade , Doença Mista do Tecido Conjuntivo/mortalidade , Miosite/mortalidade , Escleroderma Sistêmico/mortalidade , Síndrome de Sjogren/mortalidade
20.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 50(1): 128-134, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31301817

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: cardiac involvement is the second most frequent systemic sclerosis (SSc) related cause of death. It remains mostly asymptomatic in the early stage and is underdiagnosed with routine screening. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) could improve cardiac assessment of patients and noteworthily, new sequences allow the detection of diffuse myocardial fibrosis (DMF) by native T1 mapping. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of cardiac involvement by CMR native T1 mapping and its correlation with echocardiography data and non-cardiac manifestations in SSc patients. METHODS: patients fulfilling the ACR/EULAR classification criteria for SSc were prospectively included between 2014 and 2016. They underwent CMR at 1.5T, including native T1 and T2 mapping, and Late Gadolinium Enhancement (LGE) as a part of routine follow up. Routine biological tests (mainly BNP and CRP) were centralized in the hospital laboratory. RESULTS: seventy-two unselected patients were included. Thirty six patients (50%) had elevated T1 (ET1) (mean T1 1097±14 ms). CMR cardiac functional parameters were similar in ET1 and normal T1 (NT1). Echocardiography was normal in 18 (50%) of ET1. ET1 and NT1 groups were similar for cardiovascular risk factors and ischemic heart disease. ET1 was not correlated with any clinical or echocardiographic parameter or antibody profile. Thirty-six percent of patients with ET1 had no cardiac symptoms, normal echocardiography and CMR LVEF, and no LGE. CONCLUSION: native T1 mapping detects left ventricular ET1 (potential DMF) in 50% of patients with SSc and a third of them had a normal conventional screening including standard CMR. In the future, further studies are needed to confirm the benefit of use of native T1 mapping as a part of routine follow up to detect earlier pejorative cardiac involvement in SSc patients.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Fibrose/diagnóstico por imagem , Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
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