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1.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 10(10)2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34679776

RESUMO

Piper spices represent an inexhaustible reservoir of bioactive compounds that may act as drug leads in natural product research. The aim of this study was to investigate a series of methanolic fruit extracts obtained from P. nigrum (black, green, white and red), P. longum and P. retrofractum in comparative phytochemical and multi-directional biological (antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti-enzymatic and anti-melanogenic) assays. The metabolite profiling revealed the presence of 17 piperamides, with a total content of 247.75-591.42 mg piperine equivalents/g. Among the 22 tested microorganism strains, Piper spices were significantly active (MIC < 0.1 mg/mL) against the anaerobes Actinomyces israelii and Fusobacterium nucleatum. The antioxidant and anti-enzymatic activities were evidenced in DPPH (10.64-82.44 mg TE/g) and ABTS (14.20-77.60 mg TE/g) radical scavenging, CUPRAC (39.94-140.52 mg TE/g), FRAP (16.05-77.00 mg TE/g), chelating (0-34.80 mg EDTAE/g), anti-acetylcholinesterase (0-2.27 mg GALAE/g), anti-butyrylcholinesterase (0.60-3.11 mg GALAE/g), anti-amylase (0.62-1.11 mmol ACAE/g) and anti-glucosidase (0-1.22 mmol ACAE/g) assays. Several Piper extracts (10 µg/mL) inhibited both melanin synthesis (to 32.05-60.65% of αMSH+ cells) and release (38.06-45.78% of αMSH+ cells) in αMSH-stimulated B16F10 cells, partly explained by their tyrosinase inhibitory properties. Our study uncovers differences between Piper spices and sheds light on their potential use as nutraceuticals or cosmeceuticals for the management of different diseases linked to bacterial infections, Alzheimer's dementia, type 2 diabetes mellitus or hyperpigmentation.

2.
Nutrients ; 13(10)2021 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34684638

RESUMO

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is generally progressive and irreversible, structural or functional renal impairment for 3 or more months affecting multiple metabolic pathways. Recently, the composition, dynamics, and stability of a patient's microbiota has been noted to play a significant role during disease onset or progression. Increasing urea concentration during CKD can lead to an acceleration of the process of kidney injury leading to alterations in the intestinal microbiota that can increase the production of gut-derived toxins and alter the intestinal epithelial barrier. A detailed analysis of the relationship between the role of intestinal microbiota and the development of inflammation within the symbiotic and dysbiotic intestinal microbiota showed significant changes in kidney dysfunction. Several recent studies have determined that dietary factors can significantly influence the activation of immune cells and their mediators. Moreover, dietary changes can profoundly affect the balance of gut microbiota. The aim of this review is to present the importance and factors influencing the differentiation of the human microbiota in the progression of kidney diseases, such as CKD, IgA nephropathy, idiopatic nephropathy, and diabetic kidney disease, with particular emphasis on the role of the immune system. Moreover, the effects of nutrients, bioactive compounds on the immune system in development of chronic kidney disease were reviewed.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal/imunologia , Sistema Imunitário/microbiologia , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição/imunologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/imunologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/microbiologia , Humanos , Rim/imunologia , Rim/microbiologia
3.
Acta Crystallogr C Struct Chem ; 77(Pt 10): 649-658, 2021 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34607988

RESUMO

Derivatives of 4-methyl-1,6-diphenylpyrimidine-2(1H)-selenone show very strong antimicrobial activity. In order to extend the current knowledge about the features responsible for the biological activity, crystal structure analyses are presented for 4-methyl-1-(2-methylphenyl)-6-phenylpyrimidine-2(1H)-selenone (1), 4-methyl-1-(3-methylphenyl)-6-phenylpyrimidine-2(1H)-selenone (2), 4-methyl-1-(4-methylphenyl)-6-phenylpyrimidine-2(1H)-selenone (3) (all C18H16N2Se) and 1-(4-chlorophenyl)-4-methyl-6-phenylpyrimidine-2(1H)-selenone (4) (C17H13ClN2Se). Furthermore, the antibacterial and antifungal activities of these compounds were evaluated. All the presented derivatives crystallize in the space group P21/c with one molecule in the asymmetric unit. The molecular geometries differ slightly in the mutual orientation of the rings. The packing of molecules in the crystals is dominated by C-H...N and C-H...Se intermolecular interactions. Additionally, in the crystal structure of 4, C-H...Cl intermolecular interactions are observed. The introduction of a methyl or chlorine substituent improves the biological activity, while its position significantly affects biological activity only in case of the chlorine substituent.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/química , Antifúngicos/química , Cloro/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Cloro/farmacologia , Cristalografia por Raios X , Ligação de Hidrogênio , Estrutura Molecular
4.
Nutrients ; 13(7)2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371938

RESUMO

A still growing interest between human nutrition in relation to health and disease states can be observed. Dietary components shape the composition of microbiota colonizing our gastrointestinal tract which play a vital role in maintaining human health. There is a strong evidence that diet, gut microbiota and their metabolites significantly influence our epigenome, particularly through the modulation of microRNAs. These group of small non-coding RNAs maintain cellular homeostasis, however any changes leading to impaired expression of miRNAs contribute to the development of different pathologies, including neoplastic diseases. Imbalance of intestinal microbiota due to diet is primary associated with the development of colorectal cancer as well as other types of cancers. In the present work we summarize current knowledge with particular emphasis on diet-microbiota-miRNAs axis and its relation to the development of colorectal cancer.


Assuntos
Bactérias/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Dieta , Epigênese Genética , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Intestinos/microbiologia , MicroRNAs/genética , Animais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/microbiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Dieta/efeitos adversos , Disbiose , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Humanos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
5.
Biomolecules ; 11(8)2021 08 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34439871

RESUMO

Ovarian cancer is a global problem that affects women of all ages. Due to the lack of effective screening tests and the usually asymptomatic course of the disease in the early stages, the diagnosis is too late, with the result that less than half of the patients diagnosed with ovarian cancer (OC) survive more than five years after their diagnosis. In this study, we examined the expression of TLR2 in the peripheral blood of 50 previously untreated patients with newly diagnosed OC at various stages of the disease using flow cytometry. The studies aimed at demonstrating the usefulness of TLR2 as a biomarker in the advanced stage of ovarian cancer. In this study, we showed that TLR2 expression levels were significantly higher in women with more advanced OC than in women in the control group. Our research sheds light on the prognostic potential of TLR2 in developing new diagnostic approaches and thus in increasing survival in patients with confirmed ovarian cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Receptor 2 Toll-Like/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/metabolismo , Prognóstico
6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(13)2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34209289

RESUMO

The continually evolving severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic has resulted in a vast number of either acute or chronic medical impairments of a pathophysiology that is not yet fully understood. SARS-CoV-2 tropism for the organs is associated with bilateral organ cross-talks as well as targeted dysfunctions, among which acute kidney injury (AKI) seems to be highly prevalent in infected patients. The need for efficient management of COVID-related AKI patients is an aspect that is still being investigated by nephrologists; however, another reason for concern is a disturbingly high proportion of various types of kidney dysfunctions in patients who have recovered from COVID-19. Even though the clinical picture of AKI and COVID-related AKI seems to be quite similar, it must be considered that regarding the latter, little is known about both the optimal management and long-term consequences. These discrepancies raise an urgent need for further research aimed at evaluating the molecular mechanisms associated with SARS-CoV-2-induced kidney damage as well as standardized management of COVID-related AKI patients. The following review presents a comprehensive and most-recent insight into the pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, recommended patient management, treatment strategies, and post-mortem findings in patients with COVID-related AKI.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , COVID-19/patologia , Injúria Renal Aguda/etiologia , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , COVID-19/virologia , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina , Rabdomiólise/etiologia , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação
7.
J Clin Med ; 10(12)2021 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34205290

RESUMO

In this study, microbial diversity of the root canal microbiota related to different endodontic infections was investigated. In total, 45 patients with endo-perio lesions (8 patients), chronic periapical periodontitis (29 patients) and pulp necrosis (8 patients) were recruited. In 19 (42.2%) patients there was secondary infection of root canals. Microbial specimens were collected from root canals of non-vital teeth with or without changes in periapical area visible in X-ray. Then, oral microbiota were detected and identified using the culture method and real-time PCR amplification primers and hydrolysis-probe detection with the 16S rRNA gene as the target. Overall, 1434 species/genes from 41 different genera of 90 various microbial species were retrieved. Of the major reported phyla, Firmicutes (62.9%), Actinobacteria (14.0%), Bacteroidetes (12.1%), Proteobacteria (9.1%) and Fusobacteria (4.2%) were detected. Of the bacterial species, 54.6% were strict anaerobes. Corynebacterium matruchotii (p = 0.039) was present significantly more frequently in chronic periapical periodontitis. Moreover, the higher values of Decayed, Missing and Filled Permanent Teeth index were positively correlated with relative abundance of Actinomyces spp. (p = 0.042), Lactobacillus spp. (p = 0.006), Propionibacterium spp. (p = 0.024) and Rothia spp. (p = 0.002). The multivariate analyses revealed differences in total root canal samples, where components that affected grouping of root samples into four main categories were identified. Anaerobic Gram-negative bacteria predominated in root canals of teeth with pulp necrosis and periapical lesions. Facultative anaerobic Gram-positive bacteria predominated in canals with secondary infections. All detected members of mixed population groups that might serve as keystone species contributed to the entire community in its clinical relevance.

8.
Molecules ; 26(11)2021 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34073499

RESUMO

The chemical composition of the hydroethanolic extracts (60% v/v) from the aerial parts of Thymus marschallianus Willd (TM) and Thymus seravschanicus Klokov (TS) from Southern Kazakhstan flora was analyzed together with their hexane fractions. Determination of antibacterial, antifungal and antioxidant activities of both extracts was also performed. RP-HPLC/PDA and HPLC/ESI-QTOF-MS showed that there were some differences between the composition of both extracts. The most characteristic components of TM were rosmarinic acid, protocatechuic acid, luteolin 7-O-glucoside, and apigenin 7-O-glucuronide, while protocatechuic acid, luteolin 7-O-glucoside, luteolin 7-O-glucuronide, and eriodictyol predominated in TS. The content of polyplenols was higher in TS than in TM. The GC-MS analysis of the volatile fraction of both examined extracts revealed the presence of thymol and carvacrol. Additionally, sesquiterpenoids, fatty acids, and their ethyl esters were found in TM, and fatty acid methyl esters in TS. The antioxidant activity of both extracts was similar. The antibacterial activity of TS extract was somewhat higher than TM, while antifungal activity was the same. TS extract was the most active against Helicobacter pylori ATCC 43504 with MIC (minimal inhibitory concentration) = 0.625 mg/mL, exerting a bactericidal effect. The obtained data provide novel information about the phytochemistry of both thyme species and suggest new potential application of TS as a source of bioactive compounds, especially with anti-H. pylori activity.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/química , Antioxidantes/química , Extratos Vegetais/análise , Thymus (Planta)/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Etanol , Ácidos Graxos/química , Helicobacter pylori/efeitos dos fármacos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Cazaquistão , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Óleos Voláteis/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Componentes Aéreos da Planta/química , Óleos Vegetais/química , Polifenóis/química
9.
J Clin Med ; 10(8)2021 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33921679

RESUMO

There is limited data on the effect of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) on pediatric rheumatology. We examined the prevalence of antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and a negative history of COVID-19 and the correlation of the presence of these antibodies with disease activity measured by juvenile arthritis disease activity score (JADAS). In total, 62 patients diagnosed with JIA, under treatment with various antirheumatic drugs, and 32 healthy children (control group) were included. Serum samples were analyzed for inflammatory markers and antibodies and their state evaluated with the juvenile arthritis disease activity score (JADAS). JIA patients do not have a higher seroprevalence of anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies than healthy subjects. We found anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in JIA patients who did not have a history of COVID-19. The study showed no unequivocal correlation between the presence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies and JIA activity; therefore, this relationship requires further observation. We also identified a possible link between patients' humoral immune response and disease-modifying antirheumatic treatment, which will be confirmed in follow-up studies.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33809199

RESUMO

The coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 responsible for the current human COVID-19 pandemic has shown tropism toward different organs with variable efficiency, eyes included. The purpose of this study has been to investigate the presence of detectable SARS-CoV-2 infection in ocular swabs in patients affected by COVID-19. A consecutive series of 74 COVID-19-positive patients (age 21-89) were enrolled at two Polish COVID-19 hospitals for 4 months and were characterized by PCR for the presence of the SARS-CoV-2 genetic material in nasopharyngeal (NP) and ocular swabs, while their respiratory and ocular symptoms were noted. Almost 50% of them presented with severe/critical respiratory involvement, and some degree of eye disease. No tight correlation was observed between the presence of ocular and respiratory symptoms. Three male patients presenting with severe/critical lung disease tested positive in ocular swab, however with mild/moderate ocular symptoms. In conclusion, our study lends further support to the view that overt ocular infection by the SARS-CoV-2 virus is not such a frequent occurrence.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Infecções por Coronavirus , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Polônia , SARS-CoV-2 , Adulto Jovem
11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(4)2021 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33546211

RESUMO

In a previous article, we reported on the higher toxicity of silver(I) complexes of miconazole [Ag(MCZ)2NO3 (1)] and [Ag(MCZ)2ClO4 (2)] in HepG2 tumor cells compared to the corresponding salts of silver, miconazole and cisplatin. Here, we present the synthesis of two silver(I) complexes of miconazole containing two new counter ions in the form of Ag(MCZ)2X (MCZ = 1-[2-(2,4-dichlorobenzyloxy)-2-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)ethyl]-1H-imidazole]; X = BF4- (3), SbF6- (4)). The novel silver(I) complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and infrared (IR) spectroscopy, electrospray ionization (ESI)-MS spectrometry and X-ray-crystallography. In the present study, the antimicrobial activity of all obtained silver(I) complexes of miconazole against six strains of Gram-positive bacteria, five strains of Gram-negative bacteria and yeasts was evaluated. The results were compared with those of a silver sulfadiazine drug, the corresponding silver salts and the free ligand. Silver(I) complexes exhibited significant activity against Gram-positive bacteria, which was much better than that of silver sulfadiazine and silver salts. The highest antimicrobial activity was observed for the complex containing the nitrate counter ion. All Ag(I) complexes of miconazole resulted in much better inhibition of yeast growth than silver sulfadiazine, silver salts and miconazole. Moreover, the synthesized silver(I) complexes showed good or moderate activity against Gram-negative bacteria compared to the free ligand.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Miconazol/química , Prata/química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Complexos de Coordenação/farmacologia , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos , Leveduras/efeitos dos fármacos
12.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 3122, 2021 02 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33542424

RESUMO

Sample pooling strategy was intended to determine the optimal parameters for group testing of pooled specimens for the detection of SARS-CoV-2 and process them without significant loss of test usability. Standard molecular diagnostic laboratory equipment, and commercially available centrifugal filters, RNA isolation kits and SARS Cov2 PCR tests were used. The basic idea was to combine and concentrate several samples to the maximal volume, which can be extracted with the single extraction column. Out of 16 tested pools, 12 were positive with cycle threshold (Ct) values within 0.5 and 3.01 Ct of the original individual specimens. The analysis of 112 specimens determined that 12 pools were positive, followed by identification of 6 positive individual specimens among the 112 tested. This testing was accomplished with the use of 16 extractions/PCR tests, resulting in saving of 96 reactions but adding the 40 centrifugal filters. The present study demonstrated that pool testing could detect even up to a single positive sample with Ct value as high as 34. According to the standard protocols, reagents and equipment, this pooling method can be applied easily in current clinical testing laboratories.


Assuntos
Teste de Ácido Nucleico para COVID-19/métodos , COVID-19/diagnóstico , RNA Viral/isolamento & purificação , Manejo de Espécimes/métodos , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2/genética , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
13.
Antibiotics (Basel) ; 9(12)2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33302597

RESUMO

The search for new antimicrobial strategies is of major importance since there is a growing resistance of both bacteria and fungi to existing antimicrobials. Lipopeptides are promising and potent antimicrobial compounds. For translation into clinically useful molecules, effectiveness of peptide treatment against human infections must be proved in complex in vitro wound models. The aim of this study was to examine if the synthesized short lipopeptides (C10)2-KKKK-NH2 and (C12)2-KKKK-NH2 can protect HaCaT keratinocytes from bacterial damage caused by Staphylococcus aureus infection in a coculture model. After 1 h, 24 h, and 48 h incubation, cellular ATP level and release of the cytotoxicity marker LDH as well as the proinflammatory cytokines interleukin-6 and interleukin-1α were measured. Infection of the keratinocytes resulted in strong bacterial damage of HaCaT cells along with low cellular ATP levels and high release of LDH, IL-6, and IL-1α after 24 h and 48 h. Incubation of the infected human keratinocytes with (C10)2-KKKK-NH2 and (C12)2-KKKK-NH2 resulted in protection of the keratinocytes from bacterial damage caused by Staphylococcus aureus infection with ATP, LDH, IL-6, and IL-1α levels comparable to the untreated control. Hence, both synthesized lipopeptides are promising candidates with high therapeutic potential in dermatology for the treatment of topical infections.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33147811

RESUMO

Nursing homes might create an environment favorable for the transmission of Staphylococcus aureus because of the presence of hospitalized elderly, overcrowding and close contacts among people. We aimed at identifying risk factors for S. aureus colonization and determining the genetic relatedness of isolates demonstrating transmission among people. We investigated 736 swab samples from 92 residents and personnel for the presence of S. aureus. Swabs from anterior nares and throat were collected quarterly (2018) in a nursing home located in Poland. Genotyping was conducted using the multi-locus variable number of tandem repeats fingerprinting (MLVF) method. We observed high seasonal variation in the proportion of participants colonized with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains (0% to 13.5%). A multivariate analysis revealed that residents aged more than 85 years old are at risk for becoming intermittent S. aureus carriers (p = 0.013). The MLVF analysis revealed a high genetic diversity among methicillin-sensitive S. aureus (MSSA) strains and close genetic relatedness between MRSA strains. We proved the advanced aged were predisposed to intermittent S. aureus carriage. Genotyping revealed the transmission of S. aureus among the participants living in a closed environment. A high genetic relatedness among isolated MRSA suggests its clonal spread in the nursing home.


Assuntos
Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina , Casas de Saúde , Infecções Estafilocócicas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/genética , Polônia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/epidemiologia , Staphylococcus aureus/genética
15.
Molecules ; 25(22)2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33187324

RESUMO

The main compounds in both extracts were gluconasturtiin, 4-methoxyglucobrassicin and rutoside, the amounts of which were, respectively, determined as 182.93, 58.86 and 23.24 mg/100 g dry weight (DW) in biomass extracts and 640.94, 23.47 and 7.20 mg/100 g DW in plant herb extracts. The antioxidant potential of all the studied extracts evaluated using CUPRAC (CUPric Reducing Antioxidant Activity), FRAP (Ferric Reducing Ability of Plasma), and DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) assays was comparable. The anti-inflammatory activity of the extracts was tested based on the inhibition of 15-lipoxygenase, cyclooxygenase-1, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), and phospholipase A2. The results demonstrate significantly higher inhibition of COX-2 for in vitro cultured biomass compared with the herb extracts (75.4 and 41.1%, respectively). Moreover, all the studied extracts showed almost similar antibacterial and antifungal potential. Based on these findings, and due to the fact that the growth of in vitro microshoots is independent of environmental conditions and unaffected by environmental pollution, we propose that biomass that can be rapidly grown in RITA® bioreactors can serve as an alternative source of bioactive compounds with valuable biological properties.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Glucosinolatos/química , Nasturtium/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Biomassa , Reatores Biológicos , Compostos de Bifenilo/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Ciclo-Oxigenase 1/química , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/química , Flavonoides/química , Imersão , Nasturtium/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Picratos/química , Brotos de Planta/química , Brotos de Planta/crescimento & desenvolvimento
16.
Viruses ; 12(11)2020 11 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33213058

RESUMO

Infections that are triggered by the accompanying immunosuppression in patients with burn wounds are very common regardless of age. Among burn patients, the most frequently diagnosed infections include the bacterial ones primarily caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa or Klebsiella pneumonia, as well as fungal infections with the etiology of Candida spp. or Aspergillus spp. Besides, burn wounds are highly susceptible to viral infections mainly due to the impaired immune responses and defective functions of the immune cells within the wound microenvironment. The most prevalent viruses that invade burn wounds include herpes simplex virus (HSV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), human papilloma virus (HPV), and varicella zoster virus (VZV). Likewise, less prevalent infections such as those caused by the orf virus or Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) might also occur in immunosuppressed burn patients. Viral infections result in increased morbidity and mortality rates in severely burned patients. Additionally, a positive correlation between the hospitalization duration and the severity of the viral infection has been demonstrated. Viral infections trigger the occurrence of various complications, ranging from mild symptoms to even fatal incidents. Accurate detection of viral infection is of great clinical importance because of the possibility for a quicker introduction of proper treatment therapy and shortening of hospitalization time. The aim of this paper is to provide a comprehensive review of the literature and summarize the findings regarding the most common viral infections in immunosuppressed burn patients.


Assuntos
Queimaduras/complicações , Queimaduras/microbiologia , Queimaduras/virologia , Viroses/complicações , Viroses/virologia , Animais , Citomegalovirus , HIV , Infecções por HIV/imunologia , Infecções por HIV/transmissão , Infecções por HIV/virologia , Herpesviridae , Infecções por Herpesviridae/diagnóstico , Infecções por Herpesviridae/imunologia , Infecções por Herpesviridae/terapia , Infecções por Herpesviridae/virologia , Herpesvirus Humano 3 , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido , Klebsiella pneumoniae , Papillomaviridae , Parapoxvirus , Infecções por Poxviridae/imunologia , Infecções por Poxviridae/terapia , Infecções por Poxviridae/veterinária , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Simplexvirus , Vírus/classificação
17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(21)2020 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33121190

RESUMO

Alterations to the programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1) pathway were previously shown to be involved in a poorer prognosis for patients with proliferative glomerulonephritis (PGN). Here, we investigated the association between several infectious agents and the expression of PD-1 and its ligand (PD-L1) on T and B lymphocytes in patients with PGN and nonproliferative glomerulonephritis (NPGN). A cohort of 45 newly-diagnosed patients (23 with PGN and 22 with NPGN) and 20 healthy volunteers was enrolled. The percentage of peripheral blood mononuclear cells expressing PD-1 and PD-L1 antigens was determined by flow cytometry. We found PD-1 and PD-L1 expression on T and B lymphocytes was higher in PGN patients than in NPGN patients and controls. We also found that reactivation of the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) correlated with the expression of PD-1/PD-L1 antigens in patients with PGN. Further receiver operating characteristic analysis indicated that PD-1 expression could distinguish EBV-positive PGN patients from those with NPGN or healthy controls. The use of PD-1 expression as a non-invasive marker of PGN should be further investigated.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/complicações , Glomerulonefrite/virologia , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/metabolismo , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/imunologia , Feminino , Glomerulonefrite/imunologia , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Curva ROC , Regulação para Cima , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Clin Med ; 9(9)2020 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32967175

RESUMO

The causes of endometriosis (EMS) remain unknown; however, a number of immunological abnormalities contribute to the pathogenesis of the disease. The cluster of differentiation-200 (CD200) and its receptor (CD200R) maintain peripheral self-tolerance by negatively regulating immune responses. In this comparative cross-sectional study, we investigated the expression of CD200 and CD200R on T and B lymphocytes and the serum level of soluble CD200 (sCD200) using flow cytometry and ELISA, respectively. Peripheral blood samples were collected from 54 female patients and 20 healthy, age-matched controls. Results were tested for correlation with disease severity and selected clinical parameters. We demonstrated that the differences in sCD200 levels (p = 0.001), the frequencies of CD200-positive T and B lymphocytes (p < 0.001 and p = 0.004, respectively), and the frequencies of CD200R-positive T and B lymphocytes (p < 0.001 for all comparisons) in the study group correlated positively with disease severity. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis indicated that aberrant expression of CD200/CD200R might serve as a marker to distinguish between EMS cases. Finally, negative co-stimulatory factors may contribute to the induction and persistence of inflammation associated with EMS. It seems that it is essential to determine whether alteration in the CD200/CD200R pathway can be therapeutically targeted in EMS.

19.
Cells ; 9(8)2020 07 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32751735

RESUMO

Recent evidence suggests that immunological aspects play a pivotal role in this disorder. Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) is crucial in recognizing microbial infections and mediating innate immune response. The objective of our study was to rate with flow cytometry the levels of several subsets of dendritic cells, monocytes, and basic peripheral blood lymphocytes expressing TLR2, aiming at the determination of a possible correlation between the expression of TLR2 and the clinical outcomes of endometriosis in 40 patients and 40 age-matched healthy women. Our study showed the importance of TLR2 expression, mainly on myeloid dendritic cells (mDCs) and B cells in patients with endometriosis. Both mDCs BDCA1+CD19-TLR2+ and B lymphocytes CD19+TLR-2+ proved useful in the differentiation of affected individuals with stages 3-4 of the disease (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve /AUC/ = 0.96, p < 0.0001 for mDCs; AUC = 0.78, p = 0.0001 for B lymphocytes), and those presenting adhesion (AUC = 0.92, p < 0.0001 for mDCs; AUC = 0.82, p < 0.0001 for B lymphocytes) or infertility (AUC = 0.83, p < 0.0001 for mDCs; AUC = 0.73, p = 0.006 for B lymphocytes). Our findings suggest that the levels of TLR2-expressing cells, particularly mDCs and B lymphocytes, may be an effective biomarker of endometriosis, because the disease currently lacks clinically useful noninvasive biomarkers enabling early and cost-effective diagnosis.


Assuntos
Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Endometriose/sangue , Linfócitos/imunologia , Monócitos/imunologia , Receptor 2 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Adulto , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Endometriose/diagnóstico , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Imunidade Inata , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC
20.
Materials (Basel) ; 13(17)2020 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32825746

RESUMO

Five complexes of Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, flufenamic acid were synthesized: (1) [Mn3(fluf)6EtOH)(H2O)]·3EtOH; (2) [Co(fluf)2(EtOH)(H2O)]·H2O; (3) [Ni(fluf)2(EtOH)(H2O)]·H2O; (4) [Cu(fluf)2·H2O]; (5) [Zn(fluf)2·H2O]. All complexes were characterized by elemental analysis (EA), flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The crystal structure of 1 was determined by the single crystal X-ray diffraction technique. It crystallizes in the triclinic space group P with three independent Mn(II) cations, six coordinated flufenamato ligands augmented with water and ethanol molecules in the inner coordination sphere. In this crystal, manganese atoms are multiplied by symmetry and form infinite, polymeric chains which extend along the [001] dimension. The Hirshfeld Surface analysis revealed changes in interaction assemblies around all metal centers. The antioxidant and antimicrobial activities were established for all complexes and free ligand for comparison. All compounds exhibit good or moderate bioactivity against Gram-positive bacteria and yeasts.

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