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Chemistry ; 21(1): 166-76, 2015 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25393943


In the current work, we demonstrate how coordination chemistry can be employed to direct self-assembly based on strong hydrophobic interactions. To investigate the influence of coordination sphere geometry on aqueous self-assembly, we synthesized complexes of the amphiphilic perylene diimide terpyridine ligand with the first-row transition-metal centers (zinc, cobalt, and nickel). In aqueous medium, aggregation of these complexes is induced by hydrophobic interactions between the ligands. However, the final shapes of the resulting assemblies depend on the preferred geometry of the coordination spheres typical for the particular metal center. The self-assembly process was characterized by UV/Vis spectroscopy, zeta potential measurements, and cryogenic transmission electron microscopy (cryo-TEM). Coordination of zinc(II) and cobalt(II) leads to the formation of unique nanospiral assemblies, whereas complexation of nickel(II) leads to the formation of straight nanofibers. Notably, coordination bonds are utilized not as connectors between elementary building blocks, but as directing interactions, enabling control over supramolecular geometry.

Nanofibras/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Cobalto/química , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Imidas/química , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Perileno/análogos & derivados , Perileno/química , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta , Zinco/química
Chembiochem ; 8(11): 1255-60, 2007 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17562552


The main advantage of autonomous biomolecular computing devices over electronic computers is their ability to interact directly with biological systems. No interface is required since all components of molecular computers, including hardware, software, input, and output are molecules that interact in solution along a cascade of programmable chemical events. Here, we demonstrate for the first time that the output of a computation preduced by a molecular finite automaton can be a visible bacterial phenotype. Our 2-symbol-2-state finite automaton utilized linear double-stranded DNA inputs that were prepared by inserting a string of six base pair symbols into the lacZ gene on the pUC18 plasmid. The computation resulted in a circular plasmid that differed from the original pUC18 by either a 9 base pair (accepting state) or 11 base pair insert (unaccepting state) within the lacZ alpha region gene. Upon transformation and expression of the resultant plasmids in E. coli, the accepting state was represented by production of functional beta-galactosidase and formation of blue colonies on X-gal medium. In contrast, the unaccepting state was represented by white colonies due to a shift in the open reading frame of lacZ.

Computadores Moleculares , Escherichia coli/fisiologia , Automação , Sequência de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/análise , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Escherichia coli/genética , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Fenótipo , Software
J Am Chem Soc ; 127(11): 3935-43, 2005 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15771530


A biomolecular, programmable 3-symbol-3-state finite automaton is reported. This automaton computes autonomously with all of its components, including hardware, software, input, and output being biomolecules mixed together in solution. The hardware consisted of two enzymes: an endonuclease, BbvI, and T4 DNA ligase. The software (transition rules represented by transition molecules) and the input were double-stranded (ds) DNA oligomers. Computation was carried out by autonomous processing of the input molecules via repetitive cycles of restriction, hybridization, and ligation reactions to produce a final-state output in the form of a dsDNA molecule. The 3-symbol-3-state deterministic automaton is an extension of the 2-symbol-2-state automaton previously reported, and theoretically it can be further expanded to a 37-symbol-3-state automaton. The applicability of this design was further amplified by employing surface-anchored input molecules, using the surface plasmon resonance technology to monitor the computation steps in real time. Computation was performed by alternating the feed solutions between endonuclease and a solution containing the ligase, ATP, and appropriate transition molecules. The output detection involved final ligation with one of three soluble detection molecules. Parallel computation and stepwise detection were carried out automatically with a Biacore chip that was loaded with four different inputs.

DNA Ligases/química , DNA/química , Desoxirribonucleases de Sítio Específico do Tipo II/química , Trifosfato de Adenosina/química , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Automação/métodos , Sequência de Bases , DNA/metabolismo , DNA Ligases/metabolismo , Desoxirribonucleases de Sítio Específico do Tipo II/metabolismo , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Software , Ressonância de Plasmônio de Superfície
Chemistry ; 11(8): 2319-26, 2005 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15643661


The novel pi-accepting, pincer-type ligand, dipyrrolylphoshinoxylene (DPyPX), is introduced. This ligand has the strongest pi-accepting phosphines used so far in the PCP family of ligands and this results in some unusual coordination chemistry. The rhodium(I) complex, [(DPyPX)Rh(CO)(PR3)] (4, R=Ph, Et, pyrrolyl) is prepared by treating the relevant [(DPyPX)Rh(PR3)] (3) complex with CO and is remarkably resistant to loss of either ligand. X-ray crystallographic analysis of complex 4 b (R=Et) reveals an unusual cisoid coordination of the PCP phosphine ligands. These observations are supported by density functional theory (DFT) calculations.

Mol Cell ; 11(1): 91-102, 2003 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12535524


Crystal structures of tRNA mimics complexed with the large ribosomal subunit of Deinococcus radiodurans indicate that remote interactions determine the precise orientation of tRNA in the peptidyl-transferase center (PTC). The PTC tolerates various orientations of puromycin derivatives and its flexibility allows the conformational rearrangements required for peptide-bond formation. Sparsomycin binds to A2602 and alters the PTC conformation. H69, the intersubunit-bridge connecting the PTC and decoding site, may also participate in tRNA placement and translocation. A spiral rotation of the 3' end of the A-site tRNA around a 2-fold axis of symmetry identified within the PTC suggests a unified ribosomal machinery for peptide-bond formation, A-to-P-site translocation, and entrance of nascent proteins into the exit tunnel. Similar 2-fold related regions, detected in all known structures of large ribosomal subunits, indicate the universality of this mechanism.

Deinococcus/genética , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , Biossíntese de Proteínas , Conformação Proteica , Aminoacil-RNA de Transferência/química , Proteínas Ribossômicas/química , Proteínas de Bactérias/química , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Domínio Catalítico , Cristalografia por Raios X , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores da Síntese de Proteínas/química , Inibidores da Síntese de Proteínas/metabolismo , Puromicina/química , Puromicina/metabolismo , Aminoacil-RNA de Transferência/genética , Aminoacil-RNA de Transferência/metabolismo , Proteínas Ribossômicas/genética , Proteínas Ribossômicas/metabolismo , Esparsomicina/química , Esparsomicina/metabolismo