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1.
Science ; 368(6491): 642-648, 2020 05 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32273399

RESUMO

The structural complexity of composite biomaterials and biomineralized particles arises from the hierarchical ordering of inorganic building blocks over multiple scales. Although empirical observations of complex nanoassemblies are abundant, the physicochemical mechanisms leading to their geometrical complexity are still puzzling, especially for nonuniformly sized components. We report the self-assembly of hierarchically organized particles (HOPs) from polydisperse gold thiolate nanoplatelets with cysteine surface ligands. Graph theory methods indicate that these HOPs, which feature twisted spikes and other morphologies, display higher complexity than their biological counterparts. Their intricate organization emerges from competing chirality-dependent assembly restrictions that render assembly pathways primarily dependent on nanoparticle symmetry rather than size. These findings and HOP phase diagrams open a pathway to a large family of colloids with complex architectures and unusual chiroptical and chemical properties.

2.
Chirality ; 2020 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32319710

RESUMO

Plasmonic nanoparticles (NPs) adsorbing onto helical bacteria can lead to formation of NP helicoids with micron scale pitch. Associated chiroptical effects can be utilized as bioanalytical tool for bacterial detection and better understanding of the spectral behavior of helical self-assembled structures with different scales. Here, we report that enantiomerically pure helices with micron scale of chirality can be assembled on Campylobacter jejuni, a helical bacterium known for severe stomach infections. These organisms have right-handed helical shapes with a pitch of 1-2 microns and can serve as versatile templates for a variety of NPs. The bacteria itself shows no observable rotatory activity in the visible, red, and near-IR ranges of electromagnetic spectrum. The bacterial dispersion acquires chiroptical activity at 500-750 nm upon plasmonic functionalization with Au NPs. Finite-difference time-domain simulations confirmed the attribution of the chiroptical activity to the helical assembly of gold nanoparticles. The position of the circular dichroism peaks observed for these chiral structures overlaps with those obtained before for Au NPs and their constructs with molecular and nanoscale chirality. This work provides an experimental and computational pathway to utilize chiroplasmonic particles assembled on bacteria for bioanalytical purposes.

3.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2020 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049532

RESUMO

The effect of chemical-composition modification on the chiroptical property of chiral organic ammonium cation-containing organic inorganic hybrid perovskite (chiral OIHP) is investigated. Varying the mixing ratio of bromide and iodide anions in S- or R-C6H5CH2(CH3)NH3)2PbI4(1-x)Br4x modifies the band gap of chiral OIHP, leading to a shift of the circular dichroism (CD) signal from 495 to 474 nm. However, it is also found that an abrupt crystalline structure transition occurs, and the CD signal is turned off when iodide-determinant phases are transformed into the bromide-determinant phase. To obtain CD in the wavelength range where the bromide-determinant phase is supposed to exhibit chiroptical activity, that is, <474 nm, S- or R-C12H7CH2(CH3)NH3 with a larger spacer group can be adopted; thus, the CD signal can be further blue-shifted to ∼375 nm. Here, we show that chemical-composition modification of chiral OIHP affects the chiroptical properties of chiral OIHP in two ways: (1) tuning the wavelength of CD by modulating the excitonic band structure and (2) switching the CD on and off by inducing a crystalline-structure change. These properties can be utilized for structural engineering of high-performance chiroptical materials for spin-polarized light-emitting devices and polarization-based optoelectronics.

4.
ACS Nano ; 14(1): 28-117, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478375

RESUMO

The discovery of the enhancement of Raman scattering by molecules adsorbed on nanostructured metal surfaces is a landmark in the history of spectroscopic and analytical techniques. Significant experimental and theoretical effort has been directed toward understanding the surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) effect and demonstrating its potential in various types of ultrasensitive sensing applications in a wide variety of fields. In the 45 years since its discovery, SERS has blossomed into a rich area of research and technology, but additional efforts are still needed before it can be routinely used analytically and in commercial products. In this Review, prominent authors from around the world joined together to summarize the state of the art in understanding and using SERS and to predict what can be expected in the near future in terms of research, applications, and technological development. This Review is dedicated to SERS pioneer and our coauthor, the late Prof. Richard Van Duyne, whom we lost during the preparation of this article.

5.
ACS Nano ; 2019 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31877020

RESUMO

Nanofabrication has limited most optical metamaterials to 2D or, often with multiple patterning steps, simple 3D meta-atoms that typically have limited built-in tunability. Here, with a one-step scalable patterning process, we exploit the chemical addressability and structural adaptability of colloidal Au nanocrystal assemblies to transform 2D nanocrystal/Ti bilayers into complex, 3D-structured meta-atoms and to thermally direct their shape morphing and alter their optical properties. By tailoring the length, number, and curvature of 3D helical structures in each meta-atom, we create large-area metamaterials with chiroptical responses of as high as ∼40% transmission difference between left-hand (LCP) and right-hand (RCP) circularly polarized light (ΔT = TRCP - TLCP) that are suitable for broadband circular polarizers and, upon thermally configuring their shape, switch the polarity of polarization rotation. These 3D optical metamaterials provide prototypes for low-cost, large-scale fabrication of optical metamaterials for ultrathin lenses, polarizers, and waveplates.

6.
Science ; 365(6460): 1378-1379, 2019 09 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31604256
7.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4826, 2019 10 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31645546

RESUMO

Nanoscale biological assemblies exemplified by exosomes, endosomes and capsids, play crucial roles in all living systems. Supraparticles (SP) from inorganic nanoparticles (NPs) replicate structural characteristics of these bioassemblies, but it is unknown whether they can mimic their biochemical functions. Here, we show that chiral ZnS NPs self-assemble into 70-100 nm SPs that display sub-nanoscale porosity associated with interstitial spaces between constituent NPs. Similarly to photosynthetic bacterial organelles, these SPs can serve as photocatalysts, enantioselectively converting L- or D-tyrosine (Tyr) into dityrosine (diTyr). Experimental data and molecular dynamic simulations indicate that the chiral bias of the photocatalytic reaction is associated with the chiral environment of interstitial spaces and preferential partitioning of enantiomers into SPs, which can be further enhanced by co-assembling ZnS with Au NPs. Besides replicating a specific function of biological nanoassemblies, these findings establish a path to enantioselective oxidative coupling of phenols for biomedical and other needs.


Assuntos
Ouro/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Sulfetos/química , Compostos de Zinco/química , Biomimética , Catálise , Porosidade , Estereoisomerismo , Tirosina/análogos & derivados , Tirosina/metabolismo
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475420

RESUMO

Complex structures from nanoparticles are found in rocks, soils, and sea sediments but the mechanisms of their formation are poorly understood, which causes controversial conclusions about their genesis. Here we show that graphene quantum dots (GQDs) can assemble into complex structures driven by coordination interactions with metal ions commonly present in environment and serve a special role in Earth's history, such as Fe3+ and Al3+ . GQDs self-assemble into mesoscale chains, sheets, supraparticles, nanoshells, and nanostars. Specific assembly patterns are determined by the effective symmetry of the GQDs when forming the coordination assemblies with the metal ions. As such, maximization of the electronic delocalization of π-orbitals of GQDs with Fe3+ leads to GQD-Fe-GQD units with D2 symmetry, dipolar bonding potential, and linear assemblies. Taking advantage of high electron microscopy contrast of carbonaceous nanostructures in respect to ceramic background, the mineralogical counterparts of GQD assemblies are found in mineraloid shungite. These findings provide insight into nanoparticle dynamics during the rock formation that can lead to mineralized structures of unexpectedly high complexity.

9.
Sci Adv ; 5(7): eaaw1879, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31360766

RESUMO

Stretchable conductors are essential components in next-generation deformable and wearable electronic devices. The ability of stretchable conductors to achieve sufficient electrical conductivity, however, remains limited under high strain, which is particularly detrimental for charge storage devices. In this study, we present stretchable conductors made from multiple layers of gradient assembled polyurethane (GAP) comprising gold nanoparticles capable of self-assembly under strain. Stratified layering affords control over the composite internal architecture at multiple scales, leading to metallic conductivity in both the lateral and transversal directions under strains of as high as 300%. The unique combination of the electrical and mechanical properties of GAP electrodes enables the development of a stretchable lithium-ion battery with a charge-discharge rate capability of 100 mAh g-1 at a current density of 0.5 A g-1 and remarkable cycle retention of 96% after 1000 cycles. The hierarchical GAP nanocomposites afford rapid fabrication of advanced charge storage devices.

10.
Nat Mater ; 18(8): 820-826, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31263226

RESUMO

Terahertz circular dichroism (TCD) offers multifaceted spectroscopic capabilities for understanding the mesoscale chiral architecture and low-energy vibrations of macromolecules in (bio)materials1-5. However, the lack of dynamic polarization modulators comparable to polarization optics for other parts of the electromagnetic spectrum is impeding the proliferation of TCD spectroscopy6-11. Here we show that tunable optical elements fabricated from patterned plasmonic sheets with periodic kirigami cuts make possible the polarization modulation of terahertz radiation under application of mechanical strain. A herringbone pattern of microscale metal stripes enables a dynamic range of polarization rotation modulation exceeding 80° over thousands of cycles. Following out-of-plane buckling, the plasmonic stripes function as reconfigurable semi-helices of variable pitch aligned along the terahertz propagation direction. Several biomaterials, exemplified by an elytron of the Chrysina gloriosa, revealed distinct TCD fingerprints associated with the helical substructure in the biocomposite. Analogous kirigami modulators will also enable other applications in terahertz optics, such as polarization-based terahertz imaging, line-of-sight telecommunication, information encryption and space exploration.

12.
ACS Nano ; 13(4): 4278-4289, 2019 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30912922

RESUMO

Bacterial biofilms represent an essential part of Earth's ecosystem that can cause multiple ecological, technological, and health problems. The environmental resilience and sophisticated organization of biofilms are enabled by the extracellular matrix that creates a protective network of biomolecules around the bacterial community. Current anti-biofilm agents can interfere with extracellular matrix production but, being based on small molecules, are degraded by bacteria and rapidly diffuse away from biofilms. Both factors severely reduce their efficacy, while their toxicity to higher organisms creates additional barriers to their practicality. In this paper, we report on the ability of graphene quantum dots to effectively disperse mature amyloid-rich Staphylococcus aureus biofilms, interfering with the self-assembly of amyloid fibers, a key structural component of the extracellular matrix. Mimicking peptide-binding biomolecules, graphene quantum dots form supramolecular complexes with phenol-soluble modulins, the peptide monomers of amyloid fibers. Experimental and computational results show that graphene quantum dots efficiently dock near the N-terminus of the peptide and change the secondary structure of phenol-soluble modulins, which disrupts their fibrillation and represents a strategy for mitigation of bacterial communities.

13.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(9): 3391-3400, 2019 02 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30808736

RESUMO

Multiplexed detection of small noncoding RNAs responsible for posttranscriptional regulation of gene expression, known as miRNAs, is essential for understanding and controlling cell development. However, the lifetimes of miRNAs are short and their concentrations are low, which inhibits the development of miRNA-based methods, diagnostics, and treatment of many diseases. Here we show that DNA-bridged assemblies of gold nanorods with upconverting nanoparticles can simultaneously quantify two miRNA cancer markers, namely miR-21 and miR-200b. Energy upconversion in nanoparticles affords efficient excitation of fluorescent dyes via energy transfer in the superstructures with core-satellite geometry where gold nanorods are surrounded by upconverting nanoparticles. Spectral separation of the excitation beam and dye emission wavelengths enables drastic reduction of signal-to-noise ratio and the limit of detection to 3.2 zmol/ngRNA (0.11 amol or 6.5 × 104 copies) and 10.3 zmol/ngRNA (0.34 amol or 2.1 × 105 copies) for miR-21 and miR-200b, respectively. Zeptomolar sensitivity and analytical linearity with respect to miRNA concentration affords multiplexed detection and imaging of these markers, both in living cells and in vivo assays. These findings create a pathway for the creation of an miRNA toolbox for quantitative epigenetics and digital personalized medicine.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/isolamento & purificação , MicroRNAs/isolamento & purificação , Imagem Molecular/métodos , Neoplasias/genética , Animais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Ouro/química , Humanos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , Nanotubos/química , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
14.
Langmuir ; 35(11): 4110-4116, 2019 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30789741

RESUMO

Nanostructures with concave shapes made from continuous segments of plasmonic metals are known to dramatically enhance Raman scattering. Their synthesis in solutions is hindered, however, by their thermodynamic instability due to large surface area and high curvature of refracted geometries with nanoscale dimensions. Herein, we show that nanostructures with concave geometries can spontaneously form via self-organization of gold nanoparticles (NPs) at the air-water interface. The weakly bound surface ligands on the particle surface make possible their spontaneous accumulation and self-assembly at the air-water interface, forming monoparticulate films. Upon heating to 80 °C, the NPs further assemble into concave nanostructures where NPs are cold-welded to each other. Furthermore, the nanoassemblies effectively adsorb molecular analytes during their migration from the bulk solution to the surface where they can be probed by laser spectroscopies. We demonstrate that these films with local concentration of analytes increased by orders of magnitude and favorable plasmonic shapes can be exploited for surface-enhanced Raman scattering for high-sensitivity analysis of aliphatic molecules.

15.
ACS Nano ; 13(2): 1107-1115, 2019 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30608112

RESUMO

Batteries based on divalent metals, such as the Zn/Zn2+ pair, represent attractive alternatives to lithium-ion chemistry due to their high safety, reliability, earth-abundance, and energy density. However, archetypal Zn batteries are bulky, inflexible, non-rechargeable, and contain a corrosive electrolyte. Suppression of the anodic growth of Zn dendrites is essential for resolution of these problems and requires materials with nanoscale mechanics sufficient to withstand mechanical deformation from stiff Zn dendrites. Such materials must also support rapid transport Zn2+ ions necessary for high Coulombic efficiency and energy density, which makes the structural design of such materials a difficult fundamental problem. Here, we show that it is possible to engineer a solid Zn2+ electrolyte as a composite of branched aramid nanofibers (BANFs) and poly(ethylene oxide) by using the nanoscale organization of articular cartilage as a blueprint for its design. The high stiffness of the BANF network combined with the high ionic conductivity of soft poly(ethylene oxide) enable effective suppression of dendrites and fast Zn2+ transport. The cartilage-inspired composite displays the ionic conductance 10× higher than the original polymer. The batteries constructed using the nanocomposite electrolyte are rechargeable and have Coulombic efficiency of 96-100% after 50-100 charge-discharge cycles. Furthermore, the biomimetic solid-state electrolyte enables the batteries to withstand not only elastic deformation during bending but also plastic deformation. This capability make them resilient to different type of damage and enables shape modification of the assembled battery to improve the ability of the battery stack to carry a structural load. The corrugated batteries can be integrated into body elements of unmanned aerial vehicles as auxiliary charge-storage devices. This functionality was demonstrated by replacing the covers of several small drones with corrugated Zn/BANF/MnO2 cells, resulting in the extension of the total flight time. These findings open a pathway to the design and utilization of corrugated structural batteries in the future transportation industry and other fields of use.

17.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 4193, 2018 10 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30305636

RESUMO

Redox flow batteries are attractive for large-scale energy storage due to a combination of high theoretical efficiencies and decoupled power and energy storage capacities. Efforts to significantly increase energy densities by using nonaqueous electrolytes have been impeded by separators with low selectivities. Here, we report nanoporous separators based on aramid nanofibres, which are assembled using a scalable, low cost, spin-assisted layer-by-layer technique. The multilayer structure yields 5 ± 0.5 nm pores, enabling nanofiltration with high selectivity. Further, surface modifications using polyelectrolytes result in enhanced performance. In vanadium acetylacetonate/acetonitrile-based electrolytes, the coated separator exhibits permeabilities an order of magnitude lower and ionic conductivities five times higher than those of a commercial separator. In addition, the coated separators exhibit exceptional stability, showing minimal degradation after more than 100 h of cycling. The low permeability translates into high coulombic efficiency in flow cell charge/discharge experiments performed at cycle times relevant for large-scale applications (5 h).

18.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 3543, 2018 08 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30150648

RESUMO

The original version of this Article contained an error in the spelling of the author Joong Hwan Bahng, which was incorrectly given as Joong Hwan Banhg. This has been corrected in both the PDF and HTML versions of the Article.

19.
ACS Nano ; 12(9): 9223-9232, 2018 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30016066

RESUMO

Stretchable nanocomposite conductors are essential for engineering of bio-inspired deformable electronics, human-machine interfaces, and energy storage devices. While the effect of strain on conductivity for stretchable conductors has been thoroughly investigated, the strain dependence of multiple other electrical-transport processes and parameters that determine the functionalities and biocompatibility of deformable electrodes has received virtually no attention. The constancy of electrochemical parameters at electrode-fluid interfaces such as redox potentials, impedances, and charge-transfer rate constants on strain is often tacitly assumed. However, it remains unknown whether these foundational assumptions actually hold true for deformable electrodes. Furthermore, it is also unknown whether the previously used charge-transport circuits describing electrochemical processes on rigid electrodes are applicable to deformable electrodes. Here, we investigate the validity of the strain invariability assumptions for an elastic composite electrode based on gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). A comprehensive model of electrode reactions that accurately describes electrochemical processes taking place on nanocomposite electrodes for ferro-/ferricyanide electrochemicals pair at different strains is developed. Unlike rigid gold electrodes, the model circuit for stretchable electrodes is comprised of two parallel impedance segments describing (a) diffusion and redox processes taking place on the open surface of the composite electrode and (b) redox processes that occur in nanopores. AuNPs forming the open-surface circuit support the redox process, whereas those forming the nanopores only increase the double-layer capacitance. The redox potential was found to be strain-independent for tensile deformations as high as 40%. Other parameters, however, display strong strain dependence, exemplified by the 2-2.5 and 27 times increases of active area of the open and nanopore surface area, respectively, after application of 40% strain. Gaining better understanding of the strain-dependent and -independent electrochemical parameters enables both fundamental and practical advances in technologies based on deformable electrodes.

20.
Nat Chem ; 10(8): 821-830, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30030537

RESUMO

Gene editing is an important genetic engineering technique that enables gene manipulation at the molecular level. It mainly relies on engineered nucleases of biological origin, whose precise functions cannot be replicated in any currently known abiotic artificial material. Here, we show that chiral cysteine-modified CdTe nanoparticles can specifically recognize and, following photonic excitation, cut at the restriction site GAT'ATC (' indicates the cut site) in double-stranded DNA exceeding 90 base pairs, mimicking a restriction endonuclease. Although photoinduced reactive oxygen species are found to be responsible for the cleavage activity, the sequence selectivity arises from the affinity between cysteine and the conformation of the specific DNA sequence, as confirmed by quantum-chemical calculations. In addition, we demonstrate non-enzymatic sequence-specific DNA incision in living cells and in vivo using these CdTe nanoparticles, which may help in the design of abiotic materials for gene editing and other biological applications.


Assuntos
Compostos de Cádmio/química , DNA/química , Nanopartículas/química , Processos Fotoquímicos , Semicondutores , Telúrio/química , DNA/genética , Engenharia Genética
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