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1.
Chemosphere ; 267: 129296, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33348264

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to: (i) determine and compare the capacity of bis (2 -ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), dibutyl phthalate (DBP), bisphenol A (BPA), and their mixture to produce testicular toxicity after the subacute exposure; (ii) explore the mechanisms behind the observed changes using in silico toxicogenomic approach. Male rats were randomly split into groups (n = 6): (1) Control (corn oil); (2) DEHP (50 mg/kg b.w./day); (3) DBP (50 mg/kg b.w./day); (4) BPA (25 mg/kg b.w./day); and (5) MIX (50 mg/kg b.w./day DEHP + 50 mg/kg b.w/day DBP + 25 mg/kg b.w./day BPA). Animals were sacrificed after 28 days of oral exposure, testes were extracted and prepared for histological assessments under the light microscope (haematoxylin and eosin staining) and redox status analysis. The Comparative Toxicogenomics Database (CTD; http://CTD.mdibl.org), Cytoscape software (https://cytoscape.org) and ToppGene Suite (https://toppgene.cchmc.org) were used for data-mining. Present pathohistological study has demonstrated more pronounced testicular toxicity of the MIX group (desquamated germinal epithelium cells, enlarged cells with hyperchromatic nuclei, multinucleated cell forms and intracytoplasmic vacuoles) in comparison with the single substances, while effects on redox status parameters were either more prominent, or present only in the MIX group. In silico investigation revealed 20 genes linked to male reproductive disorders, affected by all three investigated substances. Effects on metabolism, AhR pathway, apoptosis and oxidative stress could be singled out as the most probable mechanisms involved in the subacute DEHP, DBP and BPA mixture testicular toxicity, while the effect on oxidative stress parameters was confirmed by in vivo experiment.


Assuntos
Dietilexilftalato , Testículo , Animais , Compostos Benzidrílicos , Simulação por Computador , Dietilexilftalato/metabolismo , Dietilexilftalato/toxicidade , Masculino , Oxirredução , Fenóis , Ácidos Ftálicos , Ratos , Testículo/metabolismo , Toxicogenética
2.
J Med Biochem ; 39(3): 363-371, 2020 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33269025

RESUMO

Background: Studies that evaluated endocan levels in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and liver fibrosis are scarce. We aimed to explore endocan levels in relation to different stages of liver diseases, such as NAFLD, as determined with fatty liver index (FLI) and liver fibrosis, as assessed with BARD score. Methods: A total of 147 participants with FLI≥60 were compared with 64 participants with FLI <30. An FLI score was calculated using waist circumference, body mass index, gamma-glutamyl transferase and triglycerides. Patients with FLI≥60 were further divided into those with no/mild fibrosis (BARD score 0-1 point; n=23) and advanced fibrosis (BARD score 2-4 points; n=124). BARD score was calculated as follows: diabetes mellitus (1 point) + body mass index≥28 kg/m2 (1 point) + aspartate amino transferase/alanine aminotransferase ratio≥0.8 (2 points). Results: Endocan was independent predictor for FLI and BARD score, both in univariate [OR=1.255 (95% CI= 1.104-1.426), P=0.001; OR=1.208 (95% CI=1.029-1.419), P=0.021, respectively] and multivariate binary logistic regression analysis [OR=1.287 (95% CI=1.055-1.570), P=0.013; OR=1.226 (95% CI=1.022-1.470), P=0.028, respectively]. Endocan as a single predictor showed poor discriminatory capability for steatosis/fibrosis [AUC=0.648; (95% CI=0.568-0.727), P=0.002; AUC= 0.667 (95% CI=0.555-0.778), P=0.013, respectively], whereas in a Model, endocan showed an excellent clinical accuracy [AUC=0.930; (95% CI=0.886-0.975), P<0.001, AUC=0.840 (95% CI=0.763-0.918), P<0.001, respectively]. Conclusions: Endocan independently correlated with both FLI and BARD score. However, when tested in models (with other biomarkers), endocan showed better discriminatory ability for liver steatosis/fibrosis, instead of its usage as a single biomarker.

3.
Exp Gerontol ; 142: 111140, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33129930

RESUMO

The study examined the influence of sex on the alterations occurring with ageing in rat lymph node (LN) T cell compartment. In female and male rats the decrease in LN T cell counts was followed by a shift in CD4+/CD8+ T cell ratio towards CD8+ T cells, which was more prominent in males than in females. With ageing, in both major LN T cell subpopulations naïve (recent thymic emigrants and mature naïve cells) to memory/activated T cell ratio shifted to the side of memory/activated cells in female, and particularly in male rats. The frequency of regulatory CD25+Foxp3+ cells increased among LN CD4+/CD8+ T cells with ageing, reflecting, at least partly, an enhanced conversion of effector T cells into regulatory cells. This was also more prominent in male rats. The more prounounced increase in LN oxidative damage and the expression levels of proinflammatory cytokines in male rats with ageing, most likely contributed to the greater frequency of proinflammatory, replicatively senescent CD28- cells expressing CD11b (innate cell marker), among T cells of old male rats compared with age-matched females. The increase in LN oxidation/proinflammatory state with ageing was also consistent with the accumulation of exhausted PD-1high cells among T lymphocytes, particularly prominent among CD8+ T cells from male rats. Finally, by calculating a summary score for the key ageing-relevant parameters (an ageing index), a faster development of the deleterious changes in the T cell compartment occurring with ageing was confirmed in male rat LNs. Additionally, the study pointed to indices of LN T cell compartment ageing which correlate with those in peripheral blood.

4.
Neurol Sci ; 2020 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33241537

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to analyze oxidative stress (OS) markers in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients during relapse and remission and to evaluate the effects of corticosteroid relapse treatment on oxidative status, and also to determine possible relationship between OS markers and relapse disability recovery after corticosteroid treatment. METHODS: Our study included 118 MS patients, (59 relapse/59 remission) 70 females and 48 males, mean age 40.2 ± 9.4 years, and 88 matched healthy controls. Undergoing disease-modifying therapy (DMT) was present in 30.5% of relapse and 88% of remission MS patients. We analyzed in plasma/serum the following: pro-oxidative-antioxidative balance (PAB), nitrates and nitrites (NO3 + NO2), malondialdehyde (MDA), advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), uric acid, bilirubin, albumin, and transferrin in all patients and additionally after corticosteroid relapse treatment. Neurological disability was measured using the Extended Disability Status Scale (EDSS). RESULTS: Better clinical recovery after relapse treatment was associated with increased baseline SOD, decreased AOPP, and ongoing DMT (all p < 0.05). There was no difference between OS markers in relapse and remission. MS patients had higher MDA, NO3 + NO2, PAB, SOD, CAT, lower AOPP, uric acid, albumin, bilirubin, and transferrin compared to controls (all p < 0.05). Corticosteroids caused significant decrease of all OS markers (all p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Increased baseline antioxidative activity of SOD and decreased baseline levels of pro-oxidant AOPP along with ongoing DMT were related to better clinical recovery after corticosteroid relapse treatment. Increase of pro-oxidants and antioxidant enzyme activity in relapse and remission confirms ongoing oxidative injury irrelevant of MS clinical presentation.

5.
Arh Hig Rada Toksikol ; 71(3): 197-204, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33074172

RESUMO

Most Pb and Cd neurotoxicity studies investigate exposure to either of the toxic metals alone, while data on co-exposure are scarce. The aim of our study was to fill that gap by investigating acute combined effects of Pb and Cd on redox and essential metal status in the brain of Wistar rats. Animals were randomised in four groups of six to eight rats, which received 15 or 30 mg/kg of Cd, 150 mg/kg of Pb, or 150 mg/kg of Pb + 15 mg/kg of Cd by gavage. The fifth, control, group received distilled water only. Co-treatment with Pb and Cd induced significant increase in malondialdehyde (MDA) and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) compared to control and groups receiving either metal alone. This is of special importance, as MDA presence in the brain has been implicated in many neurodegenerative disorders. The groups did not significantly differ in Zn, Cu, Mn, and Fe brain levels. Our findings highlight the importance of metal mixture studies. Neurotoxicity assessments of single chemicals do not provide a real insight into exposure to mixtures in real life. Further research should look into interactions between these metals to reveal complex molecular mechanisms of their neurotoxicity.

6.
Growth Factors ; 38(2): 120-126, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33124915

RESUMO

Heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF) is involved in atherosclerosis progression. We investigated association between plasma HB-EGF levels and lipid, oxidative stress and inflammatory biomarkers in pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Levels of HB-EGF, high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP), prooxidant-antioxidant balance (PAB), total antioxidant status (TAS), oxidized low-density lipoproteins (oxLDL), metabolic control and serum lipid parameters and paraoxonase 1 (PON1) activity were determined in 74 patients and 40 controls. In comparison to controls, patients had significantly higher levels (p < 0.01) of HB-EGF, hsCRP, PAB and oxLDL particles (p < 0.001), but lower levels of TAS and PON1 activity. In T1DM group, HB-EFG levels were positively associated with hsCRP, PAB and oxLDL levels. hsCRP and oxLDL levels were independent predictors of HB-EGF concentration. We demonstrated that oxidative modifications of LDL particles and low-grade inflammation are main determinants of increased plasma HB-EGF levels, which indicates an interactive role of oxidative stress, dyslipidemia and inflammation.

7.
Nutrients ; 12(11)2020 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33121048

RESUMO

This study investigated the behavior of urban-living students related to the salty snacks consumption, and their contribution to salt daily intake. A cross-sectional survey on 1313 urban-living students (16-25 years, 61.4% university students and 38.6% high school students) used a pre-verified questionnaire created specifically for the study. The logistic regression analysis was performed to investigate the factors influencing snack consumption. The results of salt content and the snack consumption frequency were used to evaluate snack contribution to salt intake. All subjects consumed salty snacks, on average several times per week, more often at home and slightly more during periods of intensive studying, with 42% of the participants reporting to consume two or more packages per snacking occasion. Most of the participants consumed such products between main meals, but 10% of them took snacks immediately after the main meal. More high-school students than university students were in the "high snack group" (p < 0.05). The most frequently consumed salty snacks were those with the highest content of salt. Salt intake from snack products for a majority of participants ranged between 0.4 and 1 g/day. The research revealed younger age, home environment and significant contribution to salt intake as critical points in salty snack consumption among urban-living students important for the better understanding of their dietary habits.

8.
Inflammation ; 43(6): 2312-2331, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32857321

RESUMO

Monocytes' plasticity has an important role in the development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), an autoimmune disease exhibiting greater prevalence in women. Contribution of this phenomenon to sex bias in RA severity was investigated in rat collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) model of RA. The greater severity of CIA in females (exhibiting signs of bone resorption) was accompanied by the higher blood level of advanced oxidation protein products and a more pro-oxidant profile. Consistently, in females, the greater density of giant multinuclear cells (monocytes/macrophages and osteoclasts) in inflamed joint tissue was found. This correlated with the higher frequencies of CCR2- and CX3CR1- expressing cells (precursors of inflammatory monocytes/macrophages and osteoclasts) among CD11b+ splenocytes. This in conjunction with the enhanced migratory capacity of CD11b+ monocytic cells in females compared with males could be linked with the higher frequencies of CCR2+CX3CR1-CD43lowCD11b+ and CCR2-CX3CR1+CD43hiCD11b+ cells (corresponding to "classical" and "non-classical" monocytes, respectively) and the greater density of CD68+ cells (monocytes/macrophages and osteoclast precursors/osteoclasts) in blood and inflamed paws from female rats, respectively. Consistently, the higher levels of GM-CSF, TNF-α and IL-6, IL-1ß (driving Th17 cell differentiation), and IL-17 followed by the lower level of IL-10 were measured in inflamed paw cultures from female compared with male rats. To the greater IL-17 production (associated with enhanced monocyte immigration and differentiation into osteoclasts) most likely contributed augmented Th17 cell generation in the lymph nodes draining arthritic joints from female compared with male rats. Overall, the study suggests the sex-specific contribution of monocytic lineage cells to CIA, and possibly RA development.

9.
Acta Clin Croat ; 59(1): 91-96, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32724279

RESUMO

Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) is a regulator of intrauterine growth, and circulating concentrations are reduced in intrauterine growth-restricted fetuses. The aim of our study was to investigate the relationship between IGF-1 levels in newborns and intrauterine growth, expressed as birth weight (BW). The research was designed as a cross-sectional study. The study included 71 premature newborns, gestational age (GA) ≤33 weeks. Quantitative determination of IGF-1 was performed in the 33rd post-menstrual week (pmw) to make the measurements more comparable. We used an enzyme-bound immunosorbent test for quantitative determination of IGF-1. Our results showed the mean IGF-1 level in premature newborns in 33rd pmw to be 23.1±4.56 (range 15.44-39.75) µg/L. There was no difference in IGF-1 values between male (23.1±4.98 µg/L) and female (23.1±4.87 µg/L) newborns. There was no significant difference in the average IGF-1 levels between male and female newborns with BW <50th and BW >50th percentile for GA either (p>0.50). Only BW <33rd percentile newborns had a statistically significantly lower IGF-1 level compared to newborns with greater BW. Based on our results, it is concluded that serum IGF-1 level reflects intrauterine growth only in BW <33rd percentile newborns. This fact could be used for further therapeutic purposes.


Assuntos
Retardo do Crescimento Fetal , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I , Peso ao Nascer , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/fisiologia , Masculino
10.
Chem Biol Interact ; 324: 109084, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32289290

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: An imbalance between oxidants and antioxidants in favour of oxidants, potentially leading to damage, is termed oxidative stress. Antioxidants (AO), either enzymatic or non-enzymatic, are the ones that can reduce diverse effects of pro-oxidants such as DNA, proteins and lipids damage. Chalcones (1,3-diaryl-2-propen-1-ones) are open chain flavonoids that are widely biosynthesized in plants. Aim of this study was to test antioxidative potency of 15 chalcones (Chs) in in vitro model in serum (native conditions), so as with exogenously induced oxidative stress. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Oxidative stress was induced in serum samples of healthy individuals with 0.25 mmol/L terc-buthyl-hydroperoxide (TBH), and then we monitored the effects of various concentrations of chalcones on oxidative stress parameters: total antioxidative status (TAS), total oxidative status (TOS), total concentration of sulfhydryl group (SHG) and prooxidative-antioxidative balance (PAB), and calculated prooxidative score, antioxidative score, and oxy score (OS). Nonparametric repeated measures ANOVA (Friedman's test) was used for comparison of antioxidative potency of samples with 15 different chalcones, in a native state and upon TBH influence. Spearman's nonparametric correlation analysis was used for estimation of relation between different parameters. RESULTS: Negative Oxy Score (OS) values for Chs11-15 showed significantly stronger antioxidative potency compared to other investigated chalcones (p < 0.05). Ch11, Ch13 and Ch14 remained with negative OS even after TBH addition, whereas OS of Ch12 and Ch15 became positive, with small nominal values. Samples with Ch11 and Ch13 showed significant negative correlation between TAS and TOS (p < 0.05 for both), but in Ch14 sample the negative correlation existed between TAS and PAB (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Lower value of OS (i.e. better antioxidative potency) was noticed in samples with Ch11-Ch15. Electron-donor effects of substituent groups as a structural part of these chalcones could explain its antioxidative capability. Phenolic and methyl groups are responsible for antioxidative ability enhancement of five chalcones with the best activity.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Sangue/metabolismo , Chalconas/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Antioxidantes/síntese química , Antioxidantes/química , Sangue/efeitos dos fármacos , Chalconas/síntese química , Chalconas/química , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , terc-Butil Hidroperóxido/farmacologia
11.
Anticancer Drugs ; 31(9): 942-949, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32187024

RESUMO

Recent findings implied the significance of reactive oxygen species (ROS) as a part of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) pharmacological activity. Evidences also suggested that toxic effects of TKIs were related to ROS production. The results regarding benefits of vitamin E usage alongside with prescribed TKIs therapy are ambiguous. We aimed to examine oxidative stress and antioxidative defense in human serum treated with four different TKIs and their possible interactions with hydrosoluble vitamin E analog (Trolox). An in-vitro experiment with serum pool as a substitute model was performed. Different parameters of oxidative stress and antioxidative defense were measured in serum pool with and without addition of TKIs (axitinib, crizotinib, nilotinib, and imatinib), before and after addition of Trolox. Z score statistic was used for calculation of Prooxidative and Antioxidative scores. The highest oxidative potential was recorded for samples incubated with imatinib and nilotinib, while the lowest damaging scores were observed for crizotinib and axitinib (nilotinib vs. imatinib, P < 0.05; axitinib vs. imatinib, P < 0.01; crizotinib vs. imatinib, P < 0.001). The best capability for antioxidative protection was seen in samples with nilotinib, then with imatinib, while the lowest level was obtained in samples with crizotinib and axitinib (imatinib and axitinib vs. nilotinib, P < 0.05 for both; crizotinib vs. nilotinib, P < 0.01; axitinib vs. imatinib, P < 0.05, crizotinib vs. imatinib, P < 0.01). Our results demonstrated the opposite effects of Trolox in combination with imatinib and nilotinib. Usage of antioxidant in combination with TKIs should be carefully evaluated in each specific case.

12.
Curr Pharm Des ; 26(8): 802-814, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32013827

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since the beginning of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, 75 million people have been infected with the HIV and about 32 million people have died of AIDS. Investigation of the molecular mechanisms critical to the HIV replication cycle led to the identification of potential drug targets for AIDS therapy. One of the most important discoveries is HIV-1 protease, an enzyme that plays an essential role in the replication cycle of HIV. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to synthesize and investigate anti-HIV-1 protease activity of some chalcone derivatives with the hope of discovering new lead structure devoid drug resistance. METHODS: 20 structurally similar chalcone derivatives were synthesized and their physico-chemical characterization was performed. Binding of chalcones to HIV-1 protease was investigated by fluorimetric assay. Molecular docking studies were conducted to understand the interactions. RESULTS: The obtained results revealed that all compounds showed anti-HIV-1 protease activity. Compound C1 showed the highest inhibitory activity with an IC50 value of 0.001 µM, which is comparable with commercial product Darunavir. CONCLUSION: It is difficult to provide general principles of inhibitor design. Structural properties of the compounds are not the only consideration; ease of chemical synthesis, low molecular weight, bioavailability, and stability are also of crucial importance. Compared to commercial products the main advantage of compound C1 is the ease of chemical synthesis and low molecular weight. Furthermore, compound C1 has a structure that is different to peptidomimetics, which could contribute to its stability and bioavailability.


Assuntos
Chalconas , Inibidores da Protease de HIV , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Chalconas/síntese química , Chalconas/farmacologia , Protease de HIV , Inibidores da Protease de HIV/síntese química , Inibidores da Protease de HIV/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
13.
Arch Med Sci ; 16(1): 42-50, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32051704

RESUMO

Introduction: We aimed to examine serum endocan level and the summary involvement of dyslipidemia, oxidative stress (OS) and inflammation by calculation of its comprehensive score (i.e. Dyslipidemia-Oxy-Inflammation (DOI) score) in relation to glucoregulation in subjects with prediabetes and overt type 2 diabetes (T2D). Material and methods: A total of 59 patients with prediabetes and 102 patients with T2D were compared with 117 diabetes-free controls. Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), inflammation, OS and lipid parameters were measured. Associations of clinical data with HbA1c level were tested with univariate and multivariate logistic ordinal regression analysis. HbA1c as a dependent variable is given at the ordinal level (i.e. < 5.7%; 5.7-6.4%, > 6.4%, respectively). Results: Endocan was significantly higher in the T2D group than in the controls. As endocan concentration rose by 1 unit, the probability for higher HbA1c concentration increased by more than 3 times (OR = 3.69, 95% CI: 1.84-7.01, p < 0.001). Also, a rise in the dyslipidemia score, oxy score, inflammation score and DOI score by 1 unit increased the probability of higher HbA1c concentration by 19%, 13%, 51% and 11%, respectively. In the models, after adjustment for confounding variables, endocan and DOI score remained independent predictors of HbA1c level. Conclusions: Endocan and DOI score are independently correlated with HbA1c in patients with prediabetes and overt T2D.

14.
Biofactors ; 46(2): 193-205, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400246

RESUMO

A direct and an indirect relationship between paraoxonase 1 (PON1) and atherosclerosis exists. Given PON1's physical location within high-density lipoprotein (HDL) particles and its recognized enzyme activity, it is certainly reasonable to suggest that PON1 facilitates the antiatherogenic nature of HDL particles. PON1 also plays a role in regulating reverse cholesterol transport, antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, antiapoptotic, vasodilative, and antithrombotic activities and several endothelial cell functions. HDL dysfunctionality is a more recent issue and seems to be centered on pathological conditions affecting HDL structure and size profiles. This review is focused on the role of PON1 status in different atherosclerosis-related diseases that we have studied over the last twenty years (coronary heart disease, acute ischemic stroke, diabetes mellitus type 2, end-stage renal disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and sarcoidosis) with the aim to determine the true value of PON1 as a biomarker. The role of PON1 in cancer is also covered, as risk factors and mechanisms underlying both atherosclerosis and cancer share common features.

15.
Lab Med ; 51(1): 24-33, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31089722

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We evaluated the qualitative characteristics of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) particles in metabolically healthy and unhealthy overweight and obese subjects. METHODS: The study involved 115 subject individuals classified as metabolically healthy and unhealthy, as in overweight and obese groups. Commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits were used to measure oxidized HDL (OxHDL) and serum amyloid A (SAA) concentrations. Lipoprotein subfractions were separated using nondenaturing gradient gel electrophoresis. RESULTS: An independent association was shown between increased OxHDL/HDL-cholesterol ratio and the occurrence of metabolically unhealthy phenotype in the overweight and obese groups. The OxHDL/HDL-cholesterol ratio showed excellent and acceptable diagnostic accuracy in determination of metabolic health phenotypes (overweight group, AUC = 0.881; obese group, AUC = 0.765). Accumulation of smaller HDL particles in metabolically unhealthy subjects was verified by lipoprotein subfraction analysis. SAA concentrations did not differ significantly between phenotypes. CONCLUSIONS: Increased OxHDL/HDL-cholesterol ratio may be a potential indicator of disturbed metabolic health in overweight and obese individuals.


Assuntos
HDL-Colesterol/sangue , Lipoproteínas LDL/sangue , Síndrome Metabólica/sangue , Obesidade/sangue , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/complicações
16.
J Strength Cond Res ; 34(10): 2965-2973, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30199454

RESUMO

Michalickova, D, Minic, R, Kotur-Stevuljevic, J, Andjelkovic, M, Dikic, N, Kostic-Vucicevic, M, Slanar, O, and Djordjevic, B. Changes in parameters of oxidative stress, immunity, and behavior in endurance athletes during a preparation period in winter. J Strength Cond Res 34(10): 2965-2973, 2020-The current study monitored markers of immunological and oxidative status in 9 male elite endurance athletes: V[Combining Dot Above]O2max: 68 ± 11 ml·kg·min, age: 24 ± 2.5 years, and training loads: 128 ± 21 metabolic equivalents-h·wk during a 3-month preparation period in winter (January-March). Self-rated state of moods evaluation (by Profile of Mood States questionnaire) was performed, and blood samples were collected at the beginning and end of the study. Spectrophotometric methods and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were used for parameters' determination. The level of concanavalin A (ConA)-stimulated interferon-γ (IFN-γ) from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) was increased (562 [147-852] vs. 1,097 [451-1842] pg·ml, p = 0.013). Also, the level of transforming growth factor-1 (TGF-ß1) in serum was elevated (2.5 [1.4-5.1] vs. 7.2 [4.9-8.2] ng·ml, p = 0.015). There was no change in the level of peptidoglycan (PGN)-stimulated interleukin (IL)-10 from PBMCs. There were no significant changes in PBMCs proliferation/viability on stimulation with ConA and PGN during the study. No changes in superoxide dismutase, prooxidative-antioxidative balance, total oxidant status (TOS), and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances were observed along the study. Total antioxidant status (TAS) was increased (910 ± 174 vs. 1,090 ± 102 µmol·L, p = 0.018), and activity of paraoxonase (PON1) was decreased (523 ± 295 vs. 335 ± 183 U·L, p = 0.003) at the end of the study. Advanced oxidation protein products were increased (25 ± 7.9 vs. 42 ± 7.6 µmol·L, p = 0.011). The self-rated sense of vigor significantly declined (20 ± 2.1 vs. 14 ± 3.4, p = 0.045). In conclusion, 3 months of regular training in winter induced prominent changes in cytokines, biomarkers of oxidative stress, and antioxidative enzyme activity. These changes might increase susceptibility of athletes to disease and muscle damage and consequently lead to performance reduction.

17.
Scand J Clin Lab Invest ; 80(1): 66-72, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31799884

RESUMO

Inflammatory biomarkers - pentraxin-3 (PTX3), cyclophilin A (CypA) and heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF) were examined in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing revascularization with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) and stent implanting. Investigated parameters were compared between patients with and without obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). In addition, their changes were tested in circulation before and immediately after pPCI. The study group consisted of 81 STEMI patients. Patients were classified in the STEMI-CAD group if they had significant obstructive CAD or in MINOCA group if they had no significant stenosis. In STEMI-CAD patients inflammatory parameters were determined prior to and after pPCI intervention. Immediately after pPCI, in STEMI-CAD patients levels of PTX3 were significantly lower (1.52 vs. 2.17 µg/L, p < .001), while the levels of HB-EGF (14.61 vs. 12.03 pg/L, p < .001) and CyPA (15.95 vs. 8.62 µg/L, p < .001) were significantly higher compared to levels before pPCI. STEMI-CAD patients had lower PTX3 values 2.17 µg/L (1.55-5.10 µg/L) than MINOCA patients 5.06 µg/L (2.77-6.7 µg/L), p = .046. Diagnostic accuracy of PTX3 for discrimination MINOCA from STEMI-CAD patients was low (area under receiver operating characteristic curve = 0.770). Evaluation of PTX3 values may be helpful in the understanding of MINOCA aetiology but they couldn't distinguish stenosis severity in STEMI patients. Inflammatory biomarkers significantly changed after pPCI but the possibility of clinical use of these biomarkers needs to be evaluated in a larger prospective study.

18.
J Med Biochem ; 38(3): 284-291, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31156338

RESUMO

Background: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is one of the most important causes of mortality and morbidity in wide world population. Dyslipidemia, inflammation and oxidative stress may contribute to disruption of endothelium structure and function, atherosclerosis and CAD. Our study was aimed to determine whether Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (Cu/Zn SOD) and Mn superoxide dismutase (Mn SOD) gene expression could be modulated by oxidative stress in CAD patients. Methods: This study included 77 CAD patients and 31 apparently healthy persons. Serum lipid levels, high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), total antioxidant status (TAS) and thiobarbituric acid-reacting substances (TBARS) were measured. SOD isoenzymes gene expression was determined in peripheral blood mononuclear cells using quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Results: Mn SOD messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) levels were significantly lower in CAD patients than in controls (p=0.011), while Cu/Zn SOD mRNA levels did not change significantly between tested groups (p=0.091). We found significantly lower high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-c) (p<0.001) and TAS (p<0.001) levels and significantly higher hsCRP (p=0.002) and TBARS (p<0.001) in CAD patients than in controls. There were significant positive correlations between TAS and Mn SOD mRNA (ρ=0.243, p=0.020) and TAS and Cu/Zn SOD mRNA (r=0.359, p<0.001). TBARS negatively correlated only with Cu/Zn SOD mRNA (ρ=-0.215, p=0.040). TAS levels remained independent predictor for Mn SOD mRNA levels (OR=2.995, p=0.034). Conclusions: Results of this study showed that Mn SOD gene expression were decreased in CAD patients compared to controls and can be modulated by non-enzymatic antioxidant status in blood.

19.
J Med Biochem ; 38(3): 332-341, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31156344

RESUMO

Background: The objective of this prospective study was to evaluate whether soluble programmed cell death-1/programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-1/PD-L1) and serum amyloid A1 (SAA1) are potential diagnostic, predictive or prognostic biomarkers in lung cancer. Methods: Lung cancer patients (n=115) with advanced metastatic disease, 101 with non-small cell lung cancer, NSCLC (77 EGFR wild-type NSCLC patients on chemotherapy, 15 EGFR mutation positive adenocarcinoma patients, 9 patients with mPD-L1 Expression ≥50% NSCLC - responders to immunotherapy), and 14 patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC) were examined. ELISA method was used to determine sPD-L1 and SAA1 concentrations in patients' plasma. Results: Significantly higher blood concentrations of sPD-L1 and SAA1 were noted in lung cancer patients compared with a healthy control group. In PD-L1+ NSCLC patients, a significantly higher sPD-L1 level was noticed compared to any other lung cancer subgroup, as well as the highest average SAA1 value compared to other subgroups. Conclusions: It seems that sPD-1/PD-L1 might be a potential biomarker, prognostic and/ or predictive, particularly in patients treated with immunotherapy. Serum amyloid A1 has potential to act as a good predictor of patients' survival, as well as a biomarker of a more advanced disease, with possibly good capability to predict the course of disease measured at different time points.

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