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1.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 305-313, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892581

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer-associated thrombosis (CAT), the second leading cause of death in patients with cancer can be treated with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) according to guidelines. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A multicenter prospective observational study was carried out to record anti-thrombotic treatment practice, assess thrombosis recurrence and bleeding, and identify potential risk factors. Adult patients from 18 Oncology Departments throughout Greece were followed-up for 12 months. RESULTS: A total of 120 patients with CAT receiving anticoagulant treatment were enrolled (35% incidental); 85% were treated for more than 6 months, 95.8% were treated with tinzaparin and smaller percentages with other agents. Thrombosis recurred in three patients and there was minor bleeding in four patients. Bleeding was associated with high body mass index (>35 kg/m2), trauma history, renal insufficiency and bevacizumab use. CONCLUSION: Incidental thrombosis contributes significantly to CAT burden. Long-term use of LMWH seems to be effective and safe. Several risk factors associated with bleeding should be considered during anti-coagulation therapy planning.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/complicações , Trombose/etiologia , Trombose/terapia , Feminino , Hemorragia/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Fatores de Risco
2.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 88, 2019 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30658600

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The "EMERGE" study, aimed to capture real-life management patterns and outcomes in metastatic breast cancer (MBC) in Greece, also accounting for hormone (HR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) status. METHODS: "EMERGE" was a multicenter, retrospective cohort study of adult MBC patients diagnosed between 01-Janaury-2010 and 30-June-2012, either de novo or having progressed from a non-metastatic state. Patient data, including treatment patterns and outcomes, were mainly abstracted through medical chart review. RESULTS: 386 patients were enrolled by 16 hospital-based oncologists between 12-March-2013 and 31-March-2015. The median look-back period was 29.1 months. At MBC diagnosis, 56.1% of the patients were HR+/HER2-, 16.6% HR+/HER2+, 14.5% HR-/HER2-, and 12.8% HR-/HER2+. In the first line setting, chemotherapy, targeted therapy and endocrine therapy were received by 76.7, 52.4, and 28.3% of the overall population, and by 66.5/36.2/42.0%, 80.4/80.4/28.6%, 88.4/90.7/0.0, and 95.6%/56.5/6.5% of the HR+/HER2-, HR+/HER2+, HR-/HER2+, HR-/HER2- subpopulations, respectively. In the overall population, the disease progression incidence rate was 0.57 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.48-0.67] per person-year; median progression-free survival (PFS) was 22.4 (95% CI: 20.4-24.7) and overall survival (OS) was 45.0 (95% CI: 40.9-55.0) months. Median PFS was 24.6 (95% CI: 21.3-27.9) in HR+/HER2-, 19.7 (95% CI: 12.9-25.9) in HR+/HER2+, 23.0 (95% CI: 16.6-29.7) in HR-/HER2+ and 18.3 (95% CI: 10.0-24.7) months in HR-/HER2- subpopulations. A multivariable Cox proportional hazards model, adjusted among other factors for age and duration of diagnosis, HR and HER2 status, demonstrated that in the overall population PFS was better among those receiving first line endocrine therapy (hazard ratio: 0.70; 95%CI: 0.51-0.95; p = 0.024). CONCLUSIONS: "EMERGE" demonstrates differences between HR/HER2 subtypes in clinical outcomes and divergence from evidence-based guideline recommendations for MBC management, especially as it pertains to the HR+/HER2- patients in which chemotherapy was favored over endocrine therapy in the first line setting. STUDY REGISTRATION: The study has been registered on the electronic Registry of Non-Interventional Studies (RNIS) posted on the website of the Hellenic Association of Pharmaceutical Companies (SFEE): https://www.dilon.sfee.gr/studiesp_d.php?meleti_id=NIS-OGR-XXX-2012/1.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , /estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Grécia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Clin Colorectal Cancer ; 17(4): e631-e637, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29980490

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The efficacy and safety of the FOLFIRI (leucovorin, 5-fluorouracil, irinotecan, and oxaliplatin) regimen combined with aflibercept has not been studied in the first-line management of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In the context of a prospective single-arm trial (NCT02129257), patients with mCRC received standard doses of a maximum of 12 cycles of FOLFIRI combined with aflibercept (4 mg/kg body weight delivered intravenously) every 2 weeks, followed by aflibercept maintenance. Endpoints were 12-month progression-free survival rate, efficacy, and toxicity. RESULTS: Seventy-three fit patients were enrolled onto the study between 2014 and 2016. Median relative dose intensities administered were 0.80 for irinotecan and 1.0 for aflibercept. The most common grade 3/4 adverse events were neutropenia (13 patients, 18%), febrile neutropenia (3 patients, 4%), diarrhea (11 patients, 15%), hypertension (19 patients, 26%), proteinuria (8 patients, 11%), infections (8 patients, 11%), and mucositis (6 patients, 8%), with no toxic deaths. The objective response rate was 46.6%, significantly associated with the presence of right-sided primary, synchronous metastases, and a relapse-free interval of < 12 months (odds ratio = 3.00, 2.92, and 3.75 respectively, P ≤ .05). Intermediate infiltration by stromal core lymphocytes correlated with progression-free survival (hazard ratio = 0.40, [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.19-0.83], P = .014). At a median follow-up of 24.5 months, 12-month progression-free survival rate was 21.9% (median overall survival 20.9 months [95% CI, 16.6-29], median progression-free survival 8.4 months [95% CI, 7.4-9.3]). CONCLUSION: The FOLFIRI + aflibercept regimen is active and tolerable; however, it failed to improve historical benchmarks of efficacy in chemonaive patients with mCRC. Preliminary data hint that this regimen has cytoreductive activity in disease with adverse biology.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Seguimentos , Humanos , Irinotecano/administração & dosagem , Leucovorina/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oxaliplatina/administração & dosagem , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/administração & dosagem , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/administração & dosagem , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
4.
J Gastrointest Cancer ; 49(4): 501-503, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28283989
5.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 8(2): 231-4, 2016 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26909138

RESUMO

Neuroendocrine tumors of the gastrointestinal tract are rare neoplasms. Rectal neuroendocrine tumors consist approximately the 5%-14% of all neuroendocrine neoplasms in Europe. These tumors are diagnosed in relatively young patients, with a mean age at diagnosis of 56 years. Distant metastases from rectal neuroendocrine tumors are not very common. Herein we describe a case of a rectal neuroendocrine tumor which metastasized to the lung, mediastinum and orbit. This case underscores the importance of early identification and optimal management to improve patient's prognosis. Therefore, the clinical significance of this case is the necessity of physicians' awareness and education regarding neuroendocrine tumors' diagnosis and management.

6.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 15: 307, 2015 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26239115

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective of our study was to conduct a cost-effectiveness (CE) study of combined everolimus (EVE) and exemestane (EXE) versus the common clinical practice in Greece for the treatment of postmenopausal women with HR+/HER2- advanced breast cancer (BC) progressing on nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitors (NSAI). The combinations of bevacizumab (BEV) plus paclitaxel (PACL) and BEV plus capecitabine (CAPE) were selected as comparators. METHOD: A Markov model, consisting of three health states, was used to describe disease progression and evaluate the CE of the comparators from a third-party payer perspective over a lifetime horizon. Efficacy and safety data as well as utility values considered in the model were extracted from the relevant randomized Phase III clinical trials and other published studies. Direct medical costs referring to the year 2014 were incorporated in the model. A probabilistic sensitivity analysis was conducted to account for uncertainty and variation in the parameters of the model. Primary outcomes were patient survival (life-years), quality-adjusted life years (QALYs), total direct costs and incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICER). RESULTS: The discounted quality-adjusted survival of patients treated with EVE plus EXE was greater by 0.035 and 0.004 QALYs, compared to BEV plus PACL and BEV plus CAPE, respectively. EVE plus EXE was the least costly treatment in terms of drug acquisition, administration, and concomitant medications. The total lifetime cost per patient was estimated at €55,022, €67,980, and €62,822 for EVE plus EXE, BEV plus PACL, and BEV plus CAPE, respectively. The probabilistic analysis confirmed the deterministic results. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that EVE plus EXE may be a dominant alternative relative to BEV plus PACL and BEV plus CAPE for the treatment of HR+/HER2- advanced BC patients failing initial therapy with NSAIs.


Assuntos
Androstadienos/economia , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/economia , Antineoplásicos/economia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/economia , Bevacizumab/economia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Everolimo/economia , Androstadienos/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Bevacizumab/uso terapêutico , Análise Custo-Benefício , Everolimo/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Grécia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida
7.
Anticancer Res ; 34(3): 1291-4, 2014 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24596375

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer (BC) in males is a rare disease and comprises 0.5-1% of all BC cases. Due to its rarity, there are limited data regarding risk factors, biology and relevant treatment. AIM: A prospective observational study of demographic, clinical and histological characteristics of serially-admitted men with breast cancer was carried out from 1999 to 2009. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data were recorded and analyzed from a database including 1,315 cases of BC. Registered data concerned age, initial presentation, family and lifestyle history (risk factors), histological features, phenotypic subtypes and TNM staging. RESULTS: Twenty two men with BC were identified, with a median age of 63 years. The most common initial presentation was a palpable lump in 12 patients, nipple contraction in three and ulceration in three. According to their medical history, nine men were overweight, 10 suffered from hypertension and 12 were smokers. The most prevalent phenotype was luminal-A followed by triple-negative type. BC in none of the cases was HER 2-amplified. The majority of cases were grade II or III and stage II or III. CONCLUSION: In the present small study, we confirm that BC in males is rare. It is a disease of middle-age and presents at advanced stages. Most of patients had 1-3 risk factors for BC. Expression of hormonal receptors occurs in the majority of BC tumors in males and with rarity in HER 2 amplification.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/etiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Seguimentos , Grécia , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/etiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/metabolismo , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Fenótipo , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores Estrogênicos/metabolismo , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo , Fatores de Risco
8.
Hell J Nucl Med ; 17(1): 58-61, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24563879

RESUMO

Neuroblastoma is the most common extracranial solid malignancy in children, but is rare in adults. We report the case of a 33 year old man with recurrence of neuroblastoma, 2 years after the excision of the primary tumor in the right adrenal gland. The iodine-123-radioiodinated metaiodobenzylguanidine ((123)I-MIBG) and (99m)Tc-methylene diphosphonate ((99m)Tc-MDP) bone scans and the fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron computed tomography ((18)F-FDG PET/CT) findings in this patient are presented. First, we applied (123)I-MIBG scintigraphy that detected increased uptake at the right adrenal gland region and probably at liver lesions and in several bones. Then, the (99m)Tc-MDP bone scan revealed also increased uptake of the radiopharmaceutical in bones, but there was a discrepancy between these two studies concerning the number and location of the lesions. Then, (18)F-FDG PET/CT scan was performed, which showed increased uptake of (18)F-FDG at the right adrenal gland region with extension to the liver and also in multiple bones. Additionally, an aortocaval lymph node was detected. In conclusion, this case indicated that (18)F-FDG PET/CT has defined the extent of the recurrence of neuroblastoma in a better way than (123)I-MIBG and (99m)Tc-MDP together.

9.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 46(7): 1313-6, 2014 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24531923

RESUMO

Collecting duct carcinoma is a rare renal malignant neoplasm, arising from the medullary collecting duct and accounting for less than 1% of renal cell carcinomas. It is more common in middle-aged men and is usually presented with hematuria, abdominal mass and back or flank pain. Its immunohistochemical analysis detects the expression of various markers, such as low and high molecular weight keratins, Ulex europaeus agglutinin-1, epithelial membrane antigen and peanut lectin. Here, we present a case of a 29-year-old woman with CDC presented with back pain and supraclavicular lymphadenopathy that produced carcinoembryonic antigen and CA-125.


Assuntos
Antígeno Ca-125/metabolismo , Antígeno Carcinoembrionário/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Renais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Renais/metabolismo , Adulto , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Indóis/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Invasividade Neoplásica , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Pirróis/uso terapêutico , Sunitinibe , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
10.
Ups J Med Sci ; 118(3): 196-8, 2013 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23697667

RESUMO

Neoplastic pericarditis represents approximately 5%-7% of the cases with acute pericarditis and is rarely the initial manifestation of malignancy. The most common cause is lung cancer, followed by breast cancer, lymphomas, leukemia, and esophageal cancer. Neoplastic pericardial disease is extremely rare in thyroid cancer, especially as the first manifestation. Here, we present a papillary thyroid carcinoma that was manifested with pericarditis and cardiac tamponade in a 49-year-old female.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/complicações , Carcinoma/diagnóstico , Pericardite/etiologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/complicações , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Papilar/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Papilar/secundário , Tamponamento Cardíaco/etiologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Neoplasias Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cardíacas/secundário , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Derrame Pericárdico/etiologia , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide
11.
Int J Clin Exp Med ; 6(3): 211-8, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23573353

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We present the case of a patient treated for intracranial germ cell tumor in which elements of craniopharyngioma were found in the residual tumor mass. FINDINGS: A 17 year old patient presented with a history of secondary amenorrhea. She deteriorated with headache and left eyelid drop, paresis of the abducent nerve and convergent strabismus (Parinaud syndrome). ß-HCG was 722mIU/ml and pregnancy was excluded. AFP was 6322 ng/ml. Brain CT scan showed a large endosellar tumor to the hypersellar region. There was left papillary atrophy. MRI confirmed a tumor to dorsum sellae. Primary germ cell intracranial tumor was diagnosed. Severe clinically evident pituitary failure developed with signs of increased intracranial pressure and brain edema as well as diabetes insipidus, while AFP increased to 15786,3ng/ml. Urgent treatment with combination chemotherapy including cisplatin etoposide and bleomycin (ΡEB) was administered for 4 courses. As a result her clinical condition improved and tumor markers dropped but nevertheless did not become normal. In addition CT scans revealed a remaining endocranial mass and therefore the patient was subjected to high-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous stemcell rescue which resulted in complete clinical and biochemical remission. Due to the persisting mass in the area, it was delivered radiotherapy. CONCLUSIONS: The above case is extremely rare in worldwide literature. Dysgerminoma may coexist with craniopharyngioma which in fact may be part of a germ cell tumor in the context of dysembryogenesis and benign "teratoma".

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