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1.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 405-412, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892594

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: To evaluate the outcomes of curative resection for Borrmann type IV gastric cancer through an analysis of the clinical, surgical and pathological data and through identifying which of these prognostic factors are associated with survival. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 2798 patients who had undergone excision of the primary lesion and 122 patients with type IV gastric cancer undergoing curative resection (R0 or 1) at Yokohama City University Hospital and Kanagawa Cancer Center between November 1995 and May 2016. RESULTS: Borrmann type IV gastric cancer had more advanced and unfavorable clinicopathological factors compared to other types. The 5-year overall survival rate was 28%, and the median survival was 21.8 months. The overall survival rate was influenced by the depth of invasion, lymph node metastasis, peritoneal lavage cytology (CY), stage and intraoperative blood loss. Of these, independent prognostic factors were intraoperative blood loss (<400 vs. ≥400 ml, risk ratio 1.64; p=0.045) and CY (0 vs. 1, risk ratio 2.25; p=0.004). CONCLUSION: The control of intraoperative bleeding had a positive impact on the survival of patients receiving curative resection for Borrmann type IV gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Cuidados Intraoperatórios , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Idoso , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 46(10): 1626-1628, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31631156

RESUMO

This is a case of a 76-year-old man who had no significant past medical or family history. In the current medical history, in November 2017, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed a semicircular protruding lesion in the posterior wall of the gastric antrum, and gastric cancer was diagnosed following biopsy. Endoscopic submucosal dissection(ESD)was performed in the same year for the treatment of gastric cancer(cT1aN0M0). Pathological findings after ESD treatment showed invasion into the submucosa requiring non-curative resection. For this reason, laparoscopic pylorus side gastrectomy(D1 dissection)and Billroth Ⅰ reconstruction were performed as additional procedures in March 2018. The patient was discharged on the 10th postoperative day and was followed-up on an outpatient basis. On the postoperative day 14, he was re-admitted with complaints of upper abdominal pain and exacerbation of inflammation. Medical treatment, such as antibiotic administration was followed, however, a high degree of inflammatory response, renal dysfunction, and occult blood in urine were observed. Because of suspicion of vasculitis-related nephritis, the case was diagnosed as anti-GBM antibody type rapid progressive nephritis. We came across a case of rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis after laparoscopic pylorus side gastrectomy performed for early gastric cancer, and hence, We will review the related literature.


Assuntos
Glomerulonefrite , Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Gástricas , Idoso , Gastrectomia , Gastroenterostomia , Humanos , Masculino
3.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 46(10): 1653-1655, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31631165

RESUMO

A 64-year-old woman was diagnosed with hereditary spherocytosis 30 years ago and underwent splenectomy. She presented to the hospital with lower abdominal pain and was diagnosed with sigmoid colon cancer(cT3N3M1[LYM], H1, Stage Ⅳ)for which sigmoidectomy was performed. On the 7th postoperative day, a fever of 40℃ and an inflammatory reaction were observed. She developed a consciousness disorder the next day, and her condition rapidly deteriorated along with the development of septic shock and disseminated intravascular coagulation(DIC). With the aid of a ventilator, immediate treatment for DIC was started, but reversion of septic shock and DIC was not possible, and the patient died of multiple organ dysfunction on the 17th postoperative day. Computed tomography and urinalysis performed during the course of treatment showed no infected lesion, but Citrobacter spp. was detected thrice in venous blood culture. Hence, the patient was diagnosed as a case of Citrobacter overwhelming post splenectomy infection(OPSI). To our knowledge, this is the first report of Citrobacter spp. infection following an abrupt course of OPSI.


Assuntos
Coagulação Intravascular Disseminada , Neoplasias do Colo Sigmoide , Esplenectomia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Neoplasias do Colo Sigmoide/cirurgia
4.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 46(10): 1659-1661, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31631167

RESUMO

A 52-year-old man whose fecal occult blood test was positive was found to have type 2 sigmoid colon cancer by colonoscopy. On enhanced barium enema study, the cecum was in the pelvis, and the ascending colon was running medially in the abdomen. Enhanced CT scan of the abdomen revealed rotation of the superior mesenteric vein(SMV). We diagnosed the case as sigmoid colon cancer(cT3N0M0, StageⅡA)with non rotation-type intestinal malrotation, and performed laparoscopic surgery. We confirmed the small intestine to be located on the right side of the abdomen, the cecum to be located in the pelvis, and the ascending colon to be running medially in the abdomen. The ascending mesocolon was adherent to the right of the sigmoid mesocolon. Following dissections of the ascending mesocolon from the sigmoid mesocolon, we performed surgery via the inside approach as usual. We dissected the root of the inferior mesenteric artery(IMA), and the operation was completed. In laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer with intestinal malrotation, there are some reports that it could be performed safely if attention is paid to adhesion of the mesenteries and vascular variation in the course of preoperative imaging diagnosis. We report a case of laparoscopic surgery that could be safely performed for sigmoid colon cancer with non rotation-type intestinal malrotation.


Assuntos
Anormalidades do Sistema Digestório , Volvo Intestinal , Laparoscopia , Mesocolo , Neoplasias do Colo Sigmoide , Colo Sigmoide , Humanos , Masculino , Mesocolo/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias do Colo Sigmoide/cirurgia
5.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 46(10): 1662-1664, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31631168

RESUMO

This case involved a 42-year-old woman who had no remarkable findings in terms of case history and family history. Upper gastrointestinal series performed during a medical examination revealed ulcerative lesions in the anterior wall of the stomach body. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was performed, and a submucosal tumor with a maximum diameter of 50mm accompanied by an ulcerative lesion was found in the anterior wall of the lower part of the stomach. She was diagnosed with a schwannoma based on endoscopic ultrasonography-guided fine needle aspiration, and we received consultation for surgical purpose. Surgery was performed with laparoscopic partial resection of the stomach and lymph nodes in the lesser curvature of the stomach. She was discharged on the 7th day after the surgery. The postoperative pathologic findings showed no nuclear fissure or atypia with a diagnosis of a schwannoma and no lymph node metastasis. Gastric schwannoma is a rare disease that arises from Schwann cells of the Auerbach's plexus of the gastric wall muscularis and comprises 0.1-0.2% of all stomach tumors. Preoperative diagnosis is often extremely difficult, and there are reports of malignancy. Treatments and surgical methods should be carefully considered. Herein, we encountered a case of a resected giant gastric schwannoma by laparoscopic surgery, which is reported with a literature review.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Neurilemoma , Neoplasias Gástricas , Adulto , Endoscopia do Sistema Digestório , Feminino , Humanos , Neurilemoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
6.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 46(10): 1668-1670, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31631170

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery in patients with retroperitoneal fibrosis has been reported to be difficult due to mesenteric and retroperitoneal fibrotic thickening. Here, we report a case of laparoscopic surgery with IgG4-related disease. CASE PRESENTATION: A 60-year-old man with IgG4-related kidney disease and autoimmune pancreatitis was diagnosed with cecal cancer. Laparoscopic ileocecal resection was performed. Preoperative CT showed no evidence of retroperitoneal fibrosis but showed a localized fibro-inflammatory lesion between the retroperitoneum and mesentery in front of the right kidney due to interstitial nephritis. Intraoperative findings revealed focal adhesions in the duodenal front within the range consistent with CT findings. CONCLUSIONS: This report shows that the degree and extent of fibrosis were similar between preoperative CT and actual surgical findings. Thus, it is possible that tissue fibrosis in patients with IgG4-related disease could be predicted by preoperative CT.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Ceco , Doença Relacionada a Imunoglobulina G4 , Laparoscopia , Fibrose Retroperitoneal , Neoplasias do Ceco/complicações , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G , Doença Relacionada a Imunoglobulina G4/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
7.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 45(1): 145-147, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29362336

RESUMO

A patient was 60-year-old man. In March 2011, the small bowel tumor with perforation was found and the partial resection of small intestine was urgently performed. KIT of resected specimen was positive. Then, diagnosis as GIST was defined. Oral administration of imatinib was started, but it was finished in 5 months because of development of the systemic edema. In February 2013, the abdominal CT revealed a tumor of 20 cm in size in the pelvis. Upon laparotomy, we detected the GIST recurrence generated at the region of small intestine anastomosis where manipulated previously, then resected all of tumor and partially small intestine. Afterward, we diagnosed as a recurrence of GIST. In March 2014, the abdominal CT found 4 cm sized mesenteric tumor and 2 cm sized abdominal wall tumor. The laparotomy was performed and we found 5 disseminated nodules intraperitoneally. We confirmed that all of these disseminated nodules were successfully removed. We defined them as re-recurrence of GIST. Six years and 5 months have elapsed since the first operation was performed, but there is no sign of three times recurrence.


Assuntos
Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/cirurgia , Neoplasias Intestinais/cirurgia , Perfuração Intestinal/cirurgia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/complicações , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Intestinais/complicações , Neoplasias Intestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Perfuração Intestinal/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Recidiva , Fatores de Tempo
8.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 11(1): 113, 2016 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27484260

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection is a rare congenital defect in which blood from the pulmonary vein is returned to the right atrium. Asymptomatic patients with a partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection with a small left-to-right shunt do not require surgical treatment. If such patients require a major lung resection, the surgical procedure could precipitate fetal right heart failure if the anomalous venous connection remains uncorrected. CASE PRESENTATION: A 59-year-old man was found to have an abnormal shadow on chest roentgenogram. Chest computed tomography imaging showed a mass in the right upper lobe. At the same time, we incidentally found an anomalous vessel. We diagnosed the abnormality as a partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection. Because the mass may have been lung cancer, a right upper lobectomy was performed using video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. The right upper lobe vein drained into the superior vena cava. The anomaly was not corrected and the surgery was successful. His postoperative course was uneventful without cardiac failure. CONCLUSIONS: Before performing a major lung resection, surgeons should be aware of this rare anomaly and carefully interpret clinical images of all pulmonary veins.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Pneumonectomia/métodos , Veias Pulmonares/anormalidades , Malformações Vasculares/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Síndrome de Cimitarra/complicações , Síndrome de Cimitarra/cirurgia , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Malformações Vasculares/complicações , Veia Cava Superior/anormalidades
9.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 41(12): 1660-2, 2014 Nov.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25731287

RESUMO

A 71-year-old man with a positive fecal occult blood test was diagnosed with transverse colon cancer and referred to our hospital. Colonoscopy revealed type II transverse colon cancer with circumferential involvement. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT)revealed a tumor with an unclear boundary in the pancreas. No metastases to the liver or lungs were detected, and there were no significantly enlarged regional lymph nodes. During open surgery, the tumor of the transverse colon was found to have formed a mass in the pancreatoduodenum, and it was difficult to separate them. As curative resection was considered possible, resections of both the pancreatoduodenum and transverse colon cancer were performed. Laboratory findings revealed fistula formation between the transverse colon cancer and the duodenum. The cancer was diagnosed as stageII, T4bN0M0, and R0 surgery was successfully performed. The patient was alive without recurrence 14- months after the surgery. Colorectal cancer is more likely to advance locally and directly invade the surrounding organs. However, fistula formation with the duodenum has rarely been reported, occurring at an estimated incidence of 0.1%. Such tumors are typically large; however, metastases rates to the lymph nodes are low. Histopathological examination of the resected specimen revealed a severe inflammatory adhesion, and fistula formation between the traverse colon and the duodenum. There was no evidence of invasion of the lymphatic system or blood vessels, which enabled us to perform a high curative surgery. We propose that it is important to consider high curative resection with positive lymph node dissection for cases of colorectal cancer associated with duodenal fistula formation.


Assuntos
Colo Transverso/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Duodenopatias/cirurgia , Fístula Intestinal/cirurgia , Idoso , Colo Transverso/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo/complicações , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Duodenopatias/etiologia , Humanos , Fístula Intestinal/etiologia , Excisão de Linfonodo , Masculino , Pancreaticoduodenectomia
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