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1.
Virchows Arch ; 2019 08 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422502

RESUMO

Estimation of risk of recurrence in early-stage oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC) remains a challenge in the field of head and neck oncology. We examined the use of artificial neural networks (ANNs) to predict recurrences in early-stage OTSCC. A Web-based tool available for public use was also developed. A feedforward neural network was trained for prediction of locoregional recurrences in early OTSCC. The trained network was used to evaluate several prognostic parameters (age, gender, T stage, WHO histologic grade, depth of invasion, tumor budding, worst pattern of invasion, perineural invasion, and lymphocytic host response). Our neural network model identified tumor budding and depth of invasion as the most important prognosticators to predict locoregional recurrence. The accuracy of the neural network was 92.7%, which was higher than that of the logistic regression model (86.5%). Our online tool provided 88.2% accuracy, 71.2% sensitivity, and 98.9% specificity. In conclusion, ANN seems to offer a unique decision-making support predicting recurrences and thus adding value for the management of early OTSCC. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study that applied ANN for prediction of recurrence in early OTSCC and provided a Web-based tool.

2.
PLoS One ; 14(7): e0220067, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31344089

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Head and neck cancer (HNC) is the sixth most common cancer, and two-fifths of cases could be avoided by changing lifestyle and eating habits. METHODS: This multicenter case-control study was conducted under the International Consortium on Head and Neck Cancer and Genetic Epidemiology, coordinated by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. This consortium evaluated associations between minimally processed food consumption and the risk of HNC in three Brazilian states. RESULTS: We evaluated 1740 subjects (847 cases and 893 controls). In multiple analyses including recognized risk factors for HNC, the consumption of apples and pears was associated with reduced risks of oral cavity and laryngeal cancers; the consumption of citrus fruits and fresh tomatoes was associated with a reduced risk of oral cavity cancer; the consumption of bananas was associated with a reduced risk of oropharynx cancer; the consumption of broccoli, cabbage, and collard greens was associated with reduced risks of laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancers; and the consumption of carrots and fresh fruits was associated with a reduced risk of hypopharyngeal cancer. CONCLUSIONS: The consumption of a heathy diet rich in fruits and vegetables was associated with a reduced risk of HNC. Public policies, including government subsidies, are essential to facilitate logistical and financial access to minimally processed foods, thereby strengthening environments that promote healthy behavior.

3.
Sao Paulo Med J ; 137(3): 241-247, 2019 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340251

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship between preoperative vitamin D deficiency and postoperative hypocalcemia in cases of total thyroidectomy (TT) is a matter of controversy and may vary according to geographical scenarios and populations. OBJECTIVE: The objective here was to evaluate whether preoperative vitamin D deficiency was associated with postoperative symptomatic hypocalcemia in a population in South America. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective cohort study on data from all patients undergoing total thyroidectomy, with or without central compartment lymph node dissection, from January 2014 to December 2017, at the A. C. Camargo Cancer Center. METHODS: Patients with benign thyroid disease (Graves' disease, multinodular goiter or hyperthyroidism) or thyroid cancer who underwent primary total thyroidectomy with or without central compartment lymph node dissection were included. The exclusion criteria were simultaneous parathyroidectomy and conditions that could affect serum calcium levels. The data collected included patient demographics, thyroid pathology, extent of the surgical procedure and complications. Information on preoperative and postoperative calcium, parathyroid hormone (PTH) and vitamin D levels were retrieved from the medical records. RESULTS: 1,347 patients were assessed and postoperative hypocalcemia was diagnosed in 284 patients (21%). The vitamin D levels were considered deficient in 243 patients (18%). Postoperative hypocalcemia was diagnosed in 357 patients (31.5%). Multivariate analysis showed that central compartment dissection and preoperative total calcium and deficient vitamin D levels were significant risk factors for postoperative hypocalcemia. CONCLUSION: Deficient preoperative vitamin D levels were a significant risk factor for postoperative hypocalcemia. Preoperative oral supplementation should be considered, to minimize this risk.

4.
Thyroid ; 29(9): 1244-1254, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31328658

RESUMO

Background: The differential diagnosis of thyroid nodules using fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is challenging due to the inherent limitation of the cytology tests. The use of molecular markers has potential to complement the FNAB-based diagnosis and avoid unnecessary surgeries. In this study, we aimed to identify DNA methylation biomarkers and to develop a diagnostic tool useful for thyroid lesions. Methods: Genome-wide DNA methylation profiles (Illumina 450K) of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC = 60) and follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC = 10) were compared with non-neoplastic thyroid tissue samples (NT = 50) and benign thyroid lesions (BTL = 17). The results were confirmed in publicly available databases from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) using the same DNA methylation platform. Two classifiers were trained to discriminate FTC and PTC from BTL. To increase the applicability of the method, six differentially methylated CpGs were selected and evaluated in 161 thyroid tumors and 69 BTL postsurgical specimens and 55 prospectively collected FNAB using bisulfite-pyrosequencing. Results: DNA methylation analysis revealed 2130 and 19 differentially methylated CpGs in PTC and FTC, respectively. The CpGs confirmed by GEO and TCGA databases showing high areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve in all sample sets were used to train our diagnostic classifier. The model based on six CpGs was able to differentiate benign from malignant thyroid lesions with 94.3% sensitivity and 82.4% specificity. A similar performance was found applying the algorithm to TCGA and GEO external data sets (91.3-97.4% sensitivity and 87.5% specificity). We successfully evaluated the classifiers using a bisulfite-pyrosequencing technique, achieving 90.7% sensitivity and 75.4% specificity in surgical specimens (five of six CpGs). The study comprising FNAB cytology materials corroborated the applicability and performance of the methodology, demonstrating 86.7% sensitivity and 89.5% specificity in confirmed malignant tumors, and 100% sensitivity and 89% specificity in cases with indeterminate cytology. Conclusions: A novel diagnostic tool with potential application in preoperative screening of thyroid nodules is reported here. The proposed protocol has the potential to avoid unnecessary thyroidectomies.

5.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 137(3): 241-247, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1020959

RESUMO

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The relationship between preoperative vitamin D deficiency and postoperative hypocalcemia in cases of total thyroidectomy (TT) is a matter of controversy and may vary according to geographical scenarios and populations. OBJECTIVE: The objective here was to evaluate whether preoperative vitamin D deficiency was associated with postoperative symptomatic hypocalcemia in a population in South America. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective cohort study on data from all patients undergoing total thyroidectomy, with or without central compartment lymph node dissection, from January 2014 to December 2017, at the A. C. Camargo Cancer Center. METHODS: Patients with benign thyroid disease (Graves' disease, multinodular goiter or hyperthyroidism) or thyroid cancer who underwent primary total thyroidectomy with or without central compartment lymph node dissection were included. The exclusion criteria were simultaneous parathyroidectomy and conditions that could affect serum calcium levels. The data collected included patient demographics, thyroid pathology, extent of the surgical procedure and complications. Information on preoperative and postoperative calcium, parathyroid hormone (PTH) and vitamin D levels were retrieved from the medical records. RESULTS: 1,347 patients were assessed and postoperative hypocalcemia was diagnosed in 284 patients (21%). The vitamin D levels were considered deficient in 243 patients (18%). Postoperative hypocalcemia was diagnosed in 357 patients (31.5%). Multivariate analysis showed that central compartment dissection and preoperative total calcium and deficient vitamin D levels were significant risk factors for postoperative hypocalcemia. CONCLUSION: Deficient preoperative vitamin D levels were a significant risk factor for postoperative hypocalcemia. Preoperative oral supplementation should be considered, to minimize this risk.

6.
Oral Oncol ; 93: 76-84, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31109699

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The current treatment of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) is based on radical surgery and radiotherapy resulting in high morbidity. Chemoradiotherapy has been used as alternative to organ sparing; however, several advanced cases presented resistance to treatment, which contributes to a high risk of recurrence and mortality. Coding RNAs and miRNAs have potential to be used as biomarkers or targets for cancer therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 36 LSCC and 5 non-neoplastic control samples were investigated using miRNA and mRNA large-scale expression analysis and a cross-validation was performed using the TCGA database (116 LSCC and 12 surrounding normal tissues). RESULTS: The large-scale profiling revealed the involvement of 28 miRNAs and 817 genes differentially expressed in LSCC. An integrative analysis comprising predicted and experimentally validated miRNA/mRNA interactions (negatively correlated), resulted in 28 miRNAs and 543 mRNAs. Decreased expression of miR-199b was significantly associated with shorter disease-free survival in LSCC (internal and TCGA datasets). The expression levels of selected miRNAs (miR-199b-5p, miR-29c-3p, miR-204-5p, miR-125b-5p and miR-92a-3p) and genes (COL3A1, COL10A1, ERBB4, HMGA2, HLF, TOP2A, MMP3, MMP13, MMP10 and PPP1R3) were confirmed as altered in LSCC by RT-qPCR. Additionally, a drug target prediction analysis revealed drug combinations based on miRNA and mRNA expression, pointing out novel alternatives to optimize the LSCC treatment. CONCLUSION: Collectively, these findings provide new insights in the LSCC transcriptional deregulation and potential drug targets.

7.
Oral Oncol ; 93: 8-14, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31109700

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To perform a systematic review of 1762 patients to comprehensively assess the benefit of altered-fractionation radiotherapy (ART) in early stage glottic carcinoma (ESGC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Studies were identified in PubMed and EMBASE. Inclusion criteria were: (1) diagnosis of squamous cell ESGC (Tis, T1, T2); (2) ART versus conventionally-fractionationated radiotherapy (CRT); and (3) provision of number of local recurrence events and total numbers per fractionation arm. The random-effects model was fitted to estimate the pooled hazard ratio (HR). Subgroup sensitivity analyses were performed based on ART strategy (hypo- versus hyperfractionation), treatment-day reductions, machine type, tumor stage, and anterior commissure involvement. RESULTS: Eleven studies met inclusion criteria: 4 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and 7 two-arm retrospective studies. ART was associated with 38% fewer (HR 0.62; 95% CI: 0.46-0.82, p = 0.0009) and 60% fewer (HR 0.40; 95% CI: 0.24-0.66, p = 0.0003) local failure events in pooled analyses of the RCTs and retrospective studies, respectively. Both hyperfractionation (HR 0.65; 95% CI: 0.43-0.97, p = 0.03) and hypofractionation (HR 0.55; 95% CI: 0.33-0.91, p = 0.02) strategies were superior to CRT. The benefit persisted for all treatment- and tumor-related parameters, including anterior commissure involvement, with the exception of a pooled analysis of studies with predominantly T2 (<50% T1) cases (HR 0.60, 95% CI: 0.30-1.20, p = 0.15). CONCLUSION: Both hypofractionation and hyperfractionation improve local control in ESGC, including T1 tumors and for anterior commissure involvement. However, this benefit may not persist for T2 tumors, for which alternative strategies should be considered.

8.
J Am Soc Cytopathol ; 8(1): 34-38, 2019 Jan - Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30929757

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Locoregional recurrence of thyroid carcinoma has a negative impact on patient prognosis. In the current study, we retrospectively reviewed cases of thyroid bed lesions in the last 3 years, correlating cytologic diagnoses with clinical findings and, whenever available, final surgical diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cytologic results and needle wash thyroglobulin results from patients with fine-needle aspiration (FNA) of thyroid bed lesions were retrospectively collected from our electronic files. Additional retrieved data included sex, age at diagnosis, previous thyroidectomy diagnosis, time lapse since surgery, and corresponding surgical diagnosis (whenever available). RESULTS: A total of 91 cases from 72 patients (54 F, 18 M) were retrieved from the electronic files, with a median age of 49 years. Average interval between surgery and thyroid bed FNA was 5 years. Thyroglobulin levels were available for 60 (65.2%) cases. The average level was 276.2 ug/mL, with a range of <0.1 to 4720 ug/mL. Information on final surgical diagnosis was available for 31 samples. Complete agreement between final cytologic and histologic diagnoses was achieved in 28 of 31 (90.3%) of the cases, with 1 false negative and 2 false positives. Cytology sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy were 95.2%, 71.4%, 90.9%, 83.3%, and 89.1%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Ultrasound-guided FNA is an accurate and minimally invasive diagnostic method for suspicious thyroid bed lesions, with high sensitivity and positive predictive value.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30962143

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Trismus has been considered a late complication of cancer treatment. It can occur prior to treatment, mainly caused by tumor invasion or muscle spasms induced by the presence of the tumor. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we evaluated the incidence of trismus and its effect on oral health in patients with malignant neoplasms of the oral cavity before performing the cancer treatment. METHODS: This review was carried out via interviews, visual clinical inspection and objective measurement of maximal mouth opening in 35 consecutive patients. Trismus was defined as a maximal mouth opening <35mm. RESULTS: Trismus was observed in 15 patients, with a total incidence of 42%. A high rate of tooth loss was recorded, and trismus association with tooth loss was statistically verified using the Chi-square and Fisher's exact tests, the t-student test and Mann-Whitney non-parametric test. All tests were performed at p<0.05. CONCLUSION: Edentulous patients are eight times more likely to have trismus compared to patients that are partially and fully dentate. Trismus was demonstrated to be correlated with tooth loss; however other oral health conditions were not shown to be a modifying factor.

11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(6)2019 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30884810

RESUMO

Despite the low mortality rates, well-differentiated thyroid carcinomas (WDTC) frequently relapse. BRAF and TERT mutations have been extensively related to prognosis in thyroid cancer. In this study, the methylation levels of selected CpGs (5-cytosine-phosphate-guanine-3) comprising a classifier, previously reported by our group, were assessed in combination with BRAF and TERT mutations. We evaluated 121 WDTC, three poorly-differentiated/anaplastic thyroid carcinomas (PDTC/ATC), 22 benign thyroid lesions (BTL), and 13 non-neoplastic thyroid (NT) tissues. BRAF (V600E) and TERT promoter (C228T and C250T) mutations were tested by pyrosequencing and Sanger sequencing, respectively. Three CpGs mapped in PFKFB2, ATP6V0C, and CXXC5 were evaluated by bisulfite pyrosequencing. ATP6V0C hypermethylation and PFKFB2 hypomethylation were detected in poor-prognosis (PDTC/ATC and relapsed WDTC) compared with good-prognosis (no relapsed WDTC) and non-malignant cases (NT/BTL). CXXC5 was hypomethylated in both poor and good-prognosis cases. Shorter disease-free survival was observed in WDTC patients presenting lower PFKFB2 methylation levels (p = 0.004). No association was observed on comparing BRAF (60.7%) and TERT (3.4%) mutations and prognosis. Lower PFKFB2 methylation levels was an independent factor of high relapse risk (Hazard Ratio = 3.2; CI95% = 1.1⁻9.5). PFKFB2 promoter methylation analysis has potential applicability to better stratify WDTC patients according to the recurrence risk, independently of BRAF and TERT mutations.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA/genética , Fosfofrutoquinase-2/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Telomerase/genética , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Prognóstico , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia
12.
J Hum Genet ; 64(5): 505-508, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30842597

RESUMO

Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most common thyroid malignancy, wherein diagnostic limitations and lack of accurate prognostic factors are important clinical challenges. In this study, we report the discovery of 234 novel miRNAs in non-neoplastic thyroid and PTC samples, obtained from publicly available small RNA sequencing datasets (TCGA and GEO). These sequences were observed to display similar molecular features compared to currently annotated miRNAs. These potentially novel miRNAs presented tissue-specificity and largely decreased expression in PTC compared to non-neoplastic samples. We showed that the disrupted novel miRNAs have diagnostic and prognostic potential, and were associated with BRAF mutation, a frequent alteration related to more aggressive PTC. In conclusion, our results expand the miRNA repertoire in thyroid tissues and highlight the potential biological role and clinical utility of previously unannotated miRNAs.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , RNA Neoplásico , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Mutação , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/metabolismo , RNA Neoplásico/genética , RNA Neoplásico/metabolismo , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/genética , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/metabolismo , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/patologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/genética , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia
13.
Virchows Arch ; 474(6): 745-754, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30770986

RESUMO

This study aimed to analyze the immunoexpression of cancer stem cell markers, CD44v6, and podoplanin in 91 patients with lip squamous cell carcinomas (LSCC). The immunostaining of podoplanin and CD44v6 was evaluated in ten high-power fields (× 400 magnification) at the invasive front of LSCC, using a semi-quantitative score method. Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test was used to verify the association of podoplanin and CD44v6 expressions with clinicopathologic variables. Spearman's correlation test was used to analyze the correlation between the two antibodies in lip cancer. Disease-free survival probabilities in 5 and 10 years were estimated according to the Kaplan-Meier method and compared using the log-rank test. The independent effects of the significant variables were analyzed by Cox proportional hazards regression model. A strong podoplanin expression was observed in the membrane and cytoplasm of most lip tumor cells, and this was inversely associated with locoregional recurrence (p = 0.028) and with histopathological grade of malignancy (p = 0.026). Additionally, CD44v6 immunostaining was strongly expressed in the membrane of tumor cells in 95.4% of the LSCC. Patients with strong membranous (p = 0.016) or strong cytoplasmic (p = 0.030) podoplanin-positive tumors resulted in significantly better disease-free survival than those who had podoplanin weak/negative tumors, confirming podoplanin expression as a favorable independent prognostic factor. Podoplanin and CD44v6 were strongly expressed by tumor cells and podoplanin immunoexpression can help to determine lip cancer patients with lower risk for disease recurrence.


Assuntos
Receptores de Hialuronatos/metabolismo , Neoplasias Labiais/metabolismo , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Células-Tronco/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Labiais/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/metabolismo , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia
15.
Clin Epigenetics ; 10(1): 144, 2018 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30454026

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: DNA methylation in miRNA genes has been reported as a mechanism that may cause dysregulation of mature miRNAs and consequently impact the gene expression. This mechanism is largely unstudied in papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTC). METHODS: To identify differentially methylated miRNA-encoding genes, we performed global methylation analysis (Illumina 450 K), integrative analysis (TCGA database), data confirmation (pyrosequencing and RT-qPCR), and functional assays. RESULTS: Methylation analysis revealed 27 differentially methylated miRNA genes. The integrative analyses pointed out miR-21 and miR-146b as potentially regulated by methylation (hypomethylation and increased expression). DNA methylation and expression patterns of miR-21 and miR-146b were confirmed as altered, as well as seven of 452 mRNAs targets were down-expressed. The combined methylation and expression levels of miR-21 and miR-146b showed potential to discriminate malignant from benign lesions (91-96% sensitivity and 96-97% specificity). An increased expression of miR-146b due to methylation loss was detected in the TPC1 cell line. The miRNA mimic transfection highlighted putative target mRNAs. CONCLUSIONS: The increased expression of miR-21 and miR-146b due to loss of DNA methylation in PTC resulted in the disruption of the transcription machinery and biological pathways. These miRNAs are potential diagnostic biomarkers, and these findings provide support for future development of targeted therapies.

16.
Turk Arch Otorhinolaryngol ; 56(3): 139-144, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30319869

RESUMO

Objective: We aimed to evaluate the pattern of neck metastasis in patients with primary tonsillar carcinoma treated by primary surgery and neck dissection. Impact of the extent of neck dissection and level of metastatic nodes on survival were also evaluated. Methods: We evaluated 163 consecutive patients with tonsillar squamous cell carcinoma submitted for neck dissection and staged as cN0-1. Selective neck dissection was performed using a template encompassing levels I-III, whereas radical neck dissection led to the removal at levels I-V. For each patient, number of metastatic nodes, their distribution, and data regarding postoperative treatment and oncologic outcomes were analyzed. Results: Occult neck metastasis at levels I, IV, and V were rare with two cases each. In the clinically negative (cN0) patients, there were no cases of metastasis at level V and two cases at level I or IV. The extent of neck dissection and level of metastatic nodes had no impact on disease-specific survival or neck recurrence. Conclusion: We conclude that in cN0 patients, removal at levels II and III is mandatory but levels I, IV, and V may be spared.

17.
Gland Surg ; 7(Suppl 1): S42-S52, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30175063

RESUMO

Background: Technological advances in the last decades allowed significant evolution in head and neck surgery toward less invasive procedures, with better esthetic and functional outcomes, without compromising oncologic soundness. Although robotic thyroid surgery has been performed for some years now and several published series reported its safety and feasibility, it remains the center of significant controversy. This study shows the results of a case series of robotic thyroid surgery, combined or not with robotic neck dissection. Methods: A retrospective cohort including 48 cases of robotic thyroid surgery with or without neck dissection, using retroauricular or combined approaches, performed in a tertiary cancer center, comprised the study. Results: Between 2015 and 2017, we performed 2,769 thyroid surgical procedures, of which 48 (1.7%) were robot-assisted, in 46 patients [26 hemithyroidectomies, 7 total thyroidectomies, and 12 total thyroidectomies (or totalization) with selective neck dissection (SND) II-VI; and 3 neck dissections for thyroid carcinoma]. There were 43 (89.6%) women, and the median age was 35 years. The mean hospital stay was 1.9 days. In 3 (6.2%) cases, drains were not placed (hemithyroidectomies), whereas the other 45 (93.8%) cases had a mean drain stay of 4.4 days (range, 1-9 days). The console time (robotic thyroid resection and neck dissection) ranged from 11 to 200 min (mean 66.1 min; median 40 min), and the total operating room time ranged from 80 to 440 min (mean 227.9 min; median 170 min). Three (6.2%) patients had transient vocal cord paresis. Transient hypocalcemia was reported in three cases (6.2%). There were 30 carcinomas (62.5%), and the mean number of retrieved lymph nodes (LNs) (considering only cases that included robotic neck dissection) was 27.2 (range, 17-40). The mean follow-up time was 17.4 months (range, 1.4-31.9 months), and no recurrence was diagnosed. Conclusions: The quality outcomes and complication rates are comparable to the conventional approaches. Therefore, robotic thyroidectomy can be an option for selected patients that are motivated to avoid a visible neck scar, treated in high-volume centers. For the patients who require lateral neck dissection, the retroauricular robotic approach could be even more attractive, especially for young patients.

18.
PLoS One ; 13(8): e0200823, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30114190

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the clinical value of 18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) after the first cycle of induction chemotherapy (IC) in locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (LASCCHN). METHODS AND FINDINGS: A prospective, single-arm, single center study was performed, with patients enrolled between February 2010 and July 2013.Patients (n = 49) with stage III/IVA-B LASCCHN who underwent IC with taxanes, cisplatin, and fluorouracil were recruited. Staging procedures included loco-regional and chest imaging, endoscopic examination, and PET/CT scan. On day 14 of the first cycle, a second PET/CT scan was performed. Patients with no early increase in regional lymph node maximum 18F-FDG standard uptake value (SUV), detected using 18F-FDG PET/CT after first IC had better progression-free survival (hazard ratio (HR) = 0.18, 95%, confidence interval (CI) 0.056-0.585; p = 0.004) and overall survival (HR = 0.14, 95% CI 0.040-0.498; p = 0.002), and were considered responders. In this subgroup, patients who achieved a reduction of ≥ 45% maximum primary tumor SUV experienced improved progression-free (HR = 0.23, 95% CI 0.062-0.854; p = 0.028) and overall (HR = 0.11, 95% CI 0.013-0.96; p = 0.046) survival. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest a potential role for early response evaluation with PET/CT examination in patients with LASCCHN undergoing IC. Increased regional lymph node maximum SUV and insufficient decrease in primary tumor uptake predict poorer outcomes.

19.
Virchows Arch ; 473(4): 481-487, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30039390

RESUMO

One of the main changes in the 8th edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) for staging of oral cancer is the inclusion of depth of invasion (DOI) in the T category. However, cancers in different oral subsites have variable behavior, with oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC) being the most aggressive one even at early stage. Thus, it is necessary to evaluate the performance of this new T category in homogenous cohort of early OTSCC. Therefore, we analyzed a large cohort of patients with a small (≤ 4 cm) OTSCC to demonstrate the differences in T stage between the AJCC 7th and 8th editions. A total of 311 early-stage cases (AJCC 7th) of OTSCC were analyzed. We used 5 mm and 10 mm DOI for upstaging from T1 to T2 and from T2 to T3 respectively, as in the AJCC 8th. We further reclassified the cases according to our own proposal suggesting 2 mm to upstage to T2 and 4 mm to upstage to T3. According to AJCC 7th, there were no significant differences in the survival analysis. When we applied the 8th edition, many cases were upstaged to T3 and thus associated with worse disease-specific survival (HR 2.37, 95% CI 1.12-4.99) and disease-free survival (HR 2.12, 95% CI 1.09-4.08). Based on our proposal, T3 cases were associated with even worse disease-specific survival (HR 4.19, 95% CI 2.27-7.74). The 8th edition provides better survival prediction for OTSCC than the 7th and can be further optimized by lowering the DOI cutoffs.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Neoplasias da Língua/patologia , Carga Tumoral , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/terapia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/mortalidade , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Invasividade Neoplásica , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço , Fatores de Tempo , Neoplasias da Língua/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Língua/terapia
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