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J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(15): e010881, 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31311438


Background Clinical characteristics and outcomes of takotsubo syndrome (TTS) patients with malignancy have not been fully elucidated. This study sought to explore differences in clinical characteristics and to investigate short- and long-term outcomes in TTS patients with or without malignancy. Methods and Results TTS patients were enrolled from the International Takotsubo Registry. The TTS cohort was divided into patients with and without malignancy to investigate differences in clinical characteristics and to assess short- and long-term mortality. A subanalysis was performed comparing long-term mortality between a subset of TTS patients with or without malignancy and acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with or without malignancy. Malignancy was observed in 16.6% of 1604 TTS patients. Patients with malignancy were older and more likely to have physical triggers, but less likely to have emotional triggers compared with those without malignancy. Long-term mortality was higher in patients with malignancy (P<0.001), while short-term outcome was comparable (P=0.17). In a subanalysis, long-term mortality was comparable between TTS patients with malignancies and ACS patients with malignancies (P=0.13). Malignancy emerged as an independent predictor of long-term mortality. Conclusions A substantial number of TTS patients show an association with malignancy. History of malignancy might increase the risk for TTS, and therefore, appropriate screening for malignancy should be considered in these patients. Clinical Trial Registration URL: Unique identifier: NCT01947621.

Heart Vessels ; 2018 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30315494


A higher rate of bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) thrombosis has been observed after device implantation compared to implantation of permanent metallic stents in recently published studies. The mechanism of BVS thrombosis is currently under debate. To assess whether the immune-inflammatory response after BVS implantation is a potential trigger of BVS thrombosis. The PRAGUE-19 study was an academic study that enrolled consecutive patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) with the intention to implant a BVS. A laboratory sub-study included 49 patients with an implanted BVS (of which 38 underwent the complete 2-year follow-up) and 52 patients having an implanted permanent metallic stent as the control group (of which 30 underwent the complete 2-year follow-up). Samples for inflammatory markers [high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α)] were taken before BVS or stent implantation, on days 1 and 2 after device implantation and at 1 month and 2 years for a clinical control. The primary combined clinical endpoint of the sub-study (death, reinfarction or target vessel revascularization) occurred in 4.08% of the BVS group and 7.69% of the control group (p = 0.442) during the 2-year follow-up period, with overall mortality of 2.04% in the BVS group and 1.92% in the control group (p = 0.966). Definite BVS thrombosis occurred in one patient in the subacute phase; there was no late or very late thrombosis. Two definite stent thromboses were observed in the control group: one in the subacute phase and the other in the late phase. Baseline inflammatory marker levels did not differ between the groups. Lower levels of IL-6 and hs-CRP were observed in the BVS group compared to the control group (12.02 ± 5.94 vs. 15.21 ± 5.33 pg/ml; p < 0.01; 3952.9 ± 1704.75 ng/ml vs. 4507.49 ± 1190.01 ng/ml; p = 0.037, respectively) on days 1 and 2 (12.01 ± 6.31 vs. 13.85 ± 6.01 pg/ml; p = 0.089; 4447.92 ± 1325.31 ng/ml vs. 4637.03 ± 1290.99 ng/ml; p = 0.255, respectively). No differences in IL-6 or hs-CRP were observed after 1 month or 2 years in the clinical control. Levels of TNF-α did not differ between the groups in the early period after BVS or metallic stent implantation, nor during follow-up. The immune-inflammatory response is lower during the early phase after BVS implantation compared to that after metallic stent implantation, but the responses did not differ in the long term.

Biomed Res Int ; 2018: 3709084, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30112383


Background: Apoptosis plays an important role in the myocardial injury after acute myocardial infarction and in the subsequent development of heart failure. Aim: To clarify serum kinetics of apoptotic markers TRAIL and sFas and their relation to left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI). Methods: In 101 patients with STEMI treated with pPCI, levels of TRAIL and sFas were measured in series of serum samples obtained during hospitalization and one month after STEMI. LVEF was assessed at admission and at one month. Major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE, i.e., death, re-MI, and hospitalization for heart failure and stroke) were analysed during a two-year followup. Results: Serum level of TRAIL significantly decreased one day after pPCI (50.5pg/mL) compared to admission (56.7pg/mL), subsequently increased on day 2 after pPCI (58.8pg/mL), and reached its highest level at one month (70.3pg/mL). TRAIL levels on days 1 and 2 showed a significant inverse correlation with troponin and a significant positive correlation with LVEF at baseline. Moreover, TRAIL correlated significantly with LVEF one month after STEMI (day 1: r=0.402, p<0.001; day 2: r=0.542, p<0.001). On the contrary, sFas level was significantly lowest at admission (5073pg/mL), increased one day after pPCI (6370pg/mL), and decreased on day 2 (5548pg/mL). Significantly highest sFas level was marked at one month (7024pg/mL). sFas failed to correlate with LVEF at baseline or at one month. Both TRAIL and sFas showed no ability to predict improvement of LVEF one month after STEMI or a 2-year MACE (represented by 3.29%). Conclusion: In STEMI treated with pPCI, TRAIL reaches its lowest serum concentration after reperfusion. Low TRAIL level is associated with worse LVEF in the acute phase of STEMI as well as one month after STEMI. Higher TRAIL level appears to be beneficial and thus TRAIL seems to represent a protective mediator of post-AMI injury.

Biomed Res Int ; 2018: 5281485, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29725598


Background: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) aetiology has not been completely understood yet. One proposed pathogenic mechanism was coronary microvascular dysfunction (MVD). This study compared coronary flow and myocardial perfusion in patients with TC, microvascular angina (MVA), and a control group (CG). Methods: Out of 42 consecutive patients presented to our centre with TC from 2013 to 2017; we retrospectively selected 27 patients. We compared them with a sex- and age-matched group of 27 MVA cases and 27 patients with normal coronary arteries (CG). The flow was evaluated in the three coronary arteries as TIMI flow and TIMI frame count (TFC). Myocardial perfusion was studied with Blush-Score and Quantitative Blush Evaluator (QuBE). Results: TFC, in TC, revealed flow impairment in the three arteries compared to the CG (left anterior descending artery (LAD): 22 ± 8, 15 ± 4; p = 0.001) (right coronary artery: 12 ± 4, 10 ± 3; p = 0,025) (left circumflex: 14 ± 4, CG 11 ± 3; p = 0,006). QuBE showed myocardial perfusion impairment in the LAD territory in TC comparing with both the CG (8,9 (7,2-11,5) versus 11,4 (10-15,7); p = 0,008) and the MVA group (8,9 (7,2-11,5) versus 13,5 (10-16); p = 0,006). Conclusions: Our study confirmed that coronary flow is impaired in TC, reflecting a MVD. Myocardial perfusion defect was detected only in the LAD area.

Microvasos/fisiopatologia , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo/fisiologia , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Circulação Coronária/fisiologia , Vasos Coronários/fisiopatologia , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
EuroIntervention ; 12(1): 23-9, 2016 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27173858


AIMS: Early clinical results after implantation of bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) are encouraging, but long-term data are missing. This study evaluates long-term outcome in STEMI patients with implanted BVS. METHODS AND RESULTS: The PRAGUE-19 study is an academic study enrolling consecutive STEMI patients with the intention to implant BVS. A total of 580 STEMI patients were screened between December 2012 and March 2015; 117 patients fulfilled entry criteria and BVS was successfully implanted in 114 (97%) of them. The primary combined clinical endpoint (death, reinfarction or target vessel revascularisation) occurred in 11.5% during the mean follow-up period of 730±275 days with overall mortality of 4.4%. Definite scaffold thrombosis occurred in two patients in the early phase after BVS implantation; there was no late thrombosis. Quantitative coronary angiography (10 patients) at three years demonstrated late lumen loss of 0.2±0.33 mm and optical coherence tomography showed minimal lumen area of 5.3±1.37 mm2 and neointimal hyperplasia area of 2.9±0.48 mm2. BVS struts were still visible at three years and 99.4% of them were well apposed and covered. CONCLUSIONS: Encouraging clinical and imaging results after BVS implantation in STEMI patients persist during long-term follow-up.

Implantes Absorvíveis , Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Desenho de Prótese/métodos , Tecidos Suporte , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento