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Chem Biol Interact ; 348: 109636, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34506769


l-argininato copper(II) complexes have been intensively investigated in a variety of diseases due to their therapeutic potential. Here we report the results of comprehensive structural studies (ESI-MS, NIR-VIS-UV, EPR) on the complexes arising in aqueous solutions of two ternary copper(II) complexes with molecular formulas from crystal structures, [Cu(l-Arg)2(NCS)](NCS)·H2O (1) and [Cu(l-Arg)(NCS)2] (2) (l-Arg = l-arginine). Reference systems, the ternary Cu(II)/l-Arg/NCS- as well as binary Cu(II)/NCS- and Cu(II)/l-Arg, were studied in parallel in aqueous solutions by pH-potentiometric titration, EPR and VIS spectroscopy to characterize stability, structures and speciation of the formed species over the broad pH range. Comparative analysis of the obtained results showed that at a pH close to 7.0 mononuclear [Cu(l-Arg)2(NCS)]+ is the only species in water solution of 1, while equilibrium between [Cu(l-Arg)(SCN)]+ and binary [Cu(l-Arg)2]2+ was detected in water solution of 2. According to DNA binding studies, the [Cu(l-Arg)2(NCS)]+, [Cu(l-Arg)(SCN)]+ and [Cu(l-Arg)2]2+ species could be considered as strong minor groove binding agents causing, in the presence of H2O2, the involvement of ROS in plasmid damage. The human carcinoma cells (A549 cell line) were generally significantly more sensitive to cytotoxic and antiproliferative effect of compounds 1 and 2 than human normal cells. The studied compounds shown antimicrobial activity against bacteria belonging to Enterobacteriaceae family.

Complexos de Coordenação/química , Complexos de Coordenação/farmacologia , Cobre/química , DNA/metabolismo , Isotiocianatos/química , Células A549 , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/metabolismo , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Complexos de Coordenação/metabolismo , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular , Soluções
Pharmaceuticals (Basel) ; 14(7)2021 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358111


A group of cytotoxic half-sandwich iridium(III) complexes with aminomethyl(diphenyl)phosphine derived from fluoroquinolone antibiotics exhibit the ability to (i) accumulate in the nucleus, (ii) induce apoptosis, (iii) activate caspase-3/7 activity, (iv) induce the changes in cell cycle leading to G2/M phase arrest, and (v) radicals generation. Herein, to elucidate the cytotoxic effects, we investigated the interaction of these complexes with DNA and serum proteins by gel electrophoresis, fluorescence spectroscopy, circular dichroism, and molecular docking studies. DNA binding experiments established that the complexes interact with DNA by moderate intercalation and predominance of minor groove binding without the capability to cause a double-strand cleavage. The molecular docking study confirmed two binding modes: minor groove binding and threading intercalation with the fluoroquinolone part of the molecule involved in pi stacking interactions and the Ir(III)-containing region positioned within the major or minor groove. Fluorescence spectroscopic data (HSA and apo-Tf titration), together with molecular docking, provided evidence that Ir(III) complexes can bind to the proteins in order to be transferred. All the compounds considered herein were found to bind to the tryptophan residues of HSA within site I (subdomain II A). Furthermore, Ir(III) complexes were found to dock within the apo-Tf binding site, including nearby tyrosine residues.

J Inorg Biochem ; 210: 111124, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32534287


Biological activity against reference and multi-drug resistant (MDR) clinical strains of fluoroquinolones (FQs): ciprofloxacin (HCp), norfloxacin (HNr), lomefloxacin (HLm) and sparfloxacin (HSf), phosphine ligands derived from those antibiotics and 14 phosphino copper(I) and copper(II) complexes with 2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline, 1,10-phenanthroline or 2,2'-biquinoline have been determined. Almost all phosphines showed excellent antibacterial activity relative to reference strains (S. aureus ATCC 6538, E. coli ATCC 25922, K. pneumoniae ATCC 4352, and P. aeruginosa ATCC 27853). In rare cases P. aeruginosa rods showed natural insensitivity to oxides, and their copper(II) complexes. Most of the studied compounds showed weak antibacterial activity against clinical multi-drug resistant strains (MDR P. aeruginosa 16, 46, 325, 355, MRD A. baumanii 483 and MDR S. aureus 177). However, phosphines Ph2PCH2Sf (PSf), Ph2PCH2Lm (PLm) and their copper(I) complexes were characterized by the best antibacterial activity. In addition, PSf compounds, in which the activities relative to P. aeruginosa MDRs were relatively diverse, paid particular attention in our studies. Genetic and phenotypic studies of these strains showed significant differences between the strains, indicating different profiles of FQs resistance mechanisms. This may prove that a change in the spatial conformation of the PSf derivatives relative to the native form of HSf increased its affinity for the target site of action in gyrase, leading to selective inhibition of the multiplication of MDR strains. In conclusion, differences in PSf activity within closely related P. aeruginosa strains may indicate its diagnostic and therapeutic potential.

Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Complexos de Coordenação/farmacologia , Fluoroquinolonas/farmacologia , Fosfinas/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Cobre/química , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla/efeitos dos fármacos , Fluoroquinolonas/química , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Estrutura Molecular , Fosfinas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
J Inorg Biochem ; 203: 110926, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31759264


Phosphonium salt (p-OCH3-Ph)2P(CH2OH)2Cl (MPOHC), derived phosphine ligands without and with SarGly (Sarcosine-Glycine) peptide carrier P(p-OCH3-Ph)2CH2OH (MPOH) and P(p-OCH3-Ph)2CH2SarGly (MPSG), respectively, and two copper(I) complexes [Cu(I)(dmp)(MPOH)] (1-MPOH; dmp = (2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline)) and [Cu(I)(dmp)(MPSG)] (1-MPSG) were synthesized. The resulting compounds were characterized by elemental analysis, 1D and 2D NMR and UV-Vis absorption spectroscopies, mass spectrometry, cyclic voltammetry and by X-ray diffraction analysis. Cytotoxicity of all compounds was evaluated in vitro against colon, lung, breast, pancreatic, prostate tumor cell lines, as well as towards non-tumor cell lines: lung, kidney and keratinocyte. Stable in biological medium in the presence of atmospheric oxygen, Cu(I) complexes exerted a cytotoxic effect higher than that elicited by cisplatin against tested cancer cell lines. The introduction of methoxy group onto the phenyl rings of the phosphine ligand coordinated to the copper(I) ion resulted in a relevant increase of cytotoxicity in the case of breast, pancreatic and prostate tumor cell lines in vitro. Attachment of a peptide carrier significantly increased the selectivity towards cancer cells. Fluorescence spectroscopic data (calf thymus DNA: CT-DNA) titration), together with analysis of DNA fragmentation (gel electrophoresis) and molecular docking provided evidence for the multimodal interaction of copper compounds with DNA and showed their unusual low genotoxicity. Additionally, copper complexes were able to generate reactive oxygen species as a result of redox processes, proved by fluorescence spectroscopy and cyclic voltamperometry.

Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Cobre/química , Mutagênicos/síntese química , Compostos Organometálicos/síntese química , Fosfinas/química , Antineoplásicos/toxicidade , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Complexos de Coordenação/toxicidade , DNA/química , Radicais Livres/química , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Mutagênicos/toxicidade , Compostos Organometálicos/toxicidade , Estresse Oxidativo , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/metabolismo
J Inorg Biochem ; 186: 162-175, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29945023


The main disadvantage of conventional anticancer chemotherapy is the inability to deliver the correct amount of drug directly to cancer. Those molecular delivering systems are very important to destroy cancer cells selectively. Herein we report synthesis of phosphine-peptide conjugate (Ph2PCH2-Sar-Gly-OH, PSG) derived from SarGly (sarcosine-glycine), which can be easily exchanged to other peptide carriers, its oxide (OPh2PCH2-Sar-Gly-OH, OPSG) and the first copper(I) complex ([CuI(dmp)(P(Ph)2CH2-Sar-Gly-OH)], 1-PSG, where dmp stands for 2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline). The compounds were characterized by elemental analysis, NMR (1D, 2D), UV-Vis spectroscopy and DFT (Density Functional Theory) methods. PSG and 1-PSG proved to be stable in biological medium in the presence of atmospheric oxygen for several days. The cytotoxicity of the compounds and cisplatin was tested against cancer cell lines: mouse colon carcinoma (CT26; 1-PSGIC50 = 3.12 ±â€¯0.1), human lung adenocarcinoma (A549; 1-PSGIC50 = 2.01 ±â€¯0.2) and human breast adenocarcinoma (MCF7; 1-PSGIC50 = 0.98 ±â€¯0.2) as well as against primary line of human pulmonary fibroblasts (MRC-5; 1-PSGIC50 = 78.56 ±â€¯1.1). Therapeutic index for 1-PSG (MCF7) equals 80. Intracellular accumulation of 1-PSG complex increased with time and was much higher (96%) inside MCF7 cancer cells than in normal MRC5 cells (20%). Attachment of SarGly to cytotoxic copper(I) complex via phosphine motif improved selectivity of copper(I) complex 1-PSG into the cancer cells. Precise mechanistic study revealed that the 1-PSG complex causes apoptotic cells MCF7 death with simultaneous decrease of mitochondrial membrane potential and increase of caspase-9 and -3 activities. Additionally, 1-PSG generated high level of reactive oxygen species that was the reason for oxidative damages to the sugar-phosphate backbone of plasmid DNA.

Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Complexos de Coordenação , Cobre , Peptídeos , Fosfinas , Células A549 , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Complexos de Coordenação/farmacologia , Cobre/química , Cobre/farmacologia , Feminino , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Fosfinas/química , Fosfinas/farmacologia