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JAMA Intern Med ; 178(9): 1182-1189, 2018 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30083727


Importance: Approximately half of patients with chronic conditions are nonadherent to prescribed medications, and interventions have been only modestly effective. Objective: To evaluate the effect of a remotely delivered multicomponent behaviorally tailored intervention on adherence to medications for hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and diabetes. Design, Setting, and Participants: Two-arm pragmatic cluster randomized controlled trial at a multispecialty group practice including participants 18 to 85 years old with suboptimal hyperlipidemia, hypertension, or diabetes disease control, and who were nonadherent to prescribed medications for these conditions. Interventions: Usual care or a multicomponent intervention using telephone-delivered behavioral interviewing by trained clinical pharmacists, text messaging, pillboxes, and mailed progress reports. The intervention was tailored to individual barriers and level of activation. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was medication adherence from pharmacy claims data. Secondary outcomes were disease control based on achieved levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, systolic blood pressure, and hemoglobin A1c from electronic health records, and health care resource use from claims data. Outcomes were evaluated using intention-to-treat principles and multiple imputation for missing values. Results: Fourteen practice sites with 4078 participants had a mean (SD) age of 59.8 (11.6) years; 45.1% were female. Seven sites were each randomized to intervention or usual care. The intervention resulted in a 4.7% (95% CI, 3.0%-6.4%) improvement in adherence vs usual care but no difference in the odds of achieving good disease control for at least 1 (odds ratio [OR], 1.10; 95% CI, 0.94-1.28) or all eligible conditions (OR, 1.05; 95% CI, 0.91-1.22), hospitalization (OR, 1.02; 95% CI, 0.78-1.34), or having a physician office visit (OR, 1.11; 95% CI, 0.91-1.36). However, intervention participants were significantly less likely to have an emergency department visit (OR, 0.62; 95% CI, 0.45-0.85). In as-treated analyses, the intervention was associated with a 10.4% (95% CI, 8.2%-12.5%) increase in adherence, a significant increase in patients achieving disease control for at least 1 eligible condition (OR, 1.24; 95% CI, 1.03-1.50), and nonsignificantly improved disease control for all eligible conditions (OR, 1.18; 95% CI, 0.99-1.41). Conclusions and Relevance: A remotely delivered multicomponent behaviorally tailored intervention resulted in a statistically significant increase in medication adherence but did not change clinical outcomes. Future work should focus on identifying which groups derive the most clinical benefit from adherence improvement efforts. Trial Registration: identifier: NCT02512276.

Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperlipidemias/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Adesão à Medicação , Assistência Farmacêutica/organização & administração , Envio de Mensagens de Texto , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Hipolipemiantes/uso terapêutico , Análise de Intenção de Tratamento , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
Am Heart J ; 180: 90-7, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27659887


BACKGROUND: Approximately half of patients with chronic cardiometabolic conditions are nonadherent with their prescribed medications. Interventions to improve adherence have been only modestly effective because they often address single barriers to adherence, intervene at single points in time, or are imprecisely targeted to patients who may not need adherence assistance. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a multicomponent, behaviorally tailored pharmacist-based intervention to improve adherence to medications for diabetes, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia. TRIAL DESIGN: The STIC2IT trial is a cluster-randomized pragmatic trial testing the impact of a pharmacist-led multicomponent intervention that uses behavioral interviewing, text messaging, mailed progress reports, and video visits. Targeted patients are those who are nonadherent to glucose-lowering, antihypertensive, or statin medications and who also have evidence of poor disease control. The intervention is tailored to patients' individual health barriers and their level of health activation. We cluster-randomized 14 practice sites of a large multispecialty group practice to receive either the pharmacist-based intervention or usual care. STIC2IT has enrolled 4,076 patients who will be followed up for 12months after randomization. The trial's primary outcome is medication adherence, assessed using pharmacy claims data. Secondary outcomes are disease control and health care resource utilization. CONCLUSION: This trial will determine whether a technologically enabled, behaviorally targeted pharmacist-based intervention results in improved adherence and disease control. If effective, this strategy could be a scalable method of offering tailored adherence support to those with the greatest clinical need.

Doença Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Adesão à Medicação , Assistência Farmacêutica , Telemedicina , Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Hiperlipidemias/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Análise de Intenção de Tratamento , Estudos Prospectivos , Projetos de Pesquisa
J Oncol Pharm Pract ; 18(4): 394-401, 2012 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22357638


PURPOSE: To determine the cost-effectiveness of fulvestrant 250 mg compared to 500 mg in postmenopausal women with estrogen receptor-positive metastatic breast cancer and disease progression after antiestrogen therapy. METHODS: A Markov model was constructed to find the incremental cost-effectiveness of fulvestrant 250 mg monthly when compared with the 500 mg monthly in patients with progression after antiestrogen therapy. The model duration was 24 months. Clinical efficacy data inputs were derived from a phase III clinical trial demonstrating a statistically significant increase in progression-free survival in patients receiving 500 mg versus 250 mg. Cost data utilized were all relevant Ambulatory Payment Classification payment rates from the 2011 Medicare Outpatient Prospective Payment System. A Monte Carlo simulation was performed to test the model at various willingness to pay thresholds. RESULTS: The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio as determined by the Markov model was US$10,972 per month of progression-free survival for the 500 mg dose compared with the 250 mg dose. Using a Monte Carlo simulation, it was found that 500 mg monthly was cost-effective at and above the willingness to pay threshold of US$15,000 per month. A series of one-way sensitivity analyses showed this result is robust to geographical practice variations in costs of drug administration and physician examination. CONCLUSION: From a third party payer perspective, the value of fulvestrant 500 mg monthly is dependent on the willingness to pay threshold. Despite a labeling change for fulvestrant in September 2010, fulvestrant 250 mg monthly appears to be a viable option in the target population.

Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/economia , Estradiol/análogos & derivados , Antagonistas de Estrogênios/administração & dosagem , Antagonistas de Estrogênios/economia , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Ensaios Clínicos Fase III como Assunto/economia , Análise Custo-Benefício , Progressão da Doença , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Esquema de Medicação , Estradiol/administração & dosagem , Estradiol/economia , Feminino , Fulvestranto , Humanos , Cadeias de Markov , Modelos Econômicos , Método de Monte Carlo , Pós-Menopausa , Receptores Estrogênicos/metabolismo , Estados Unidos