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1.
Thorac Surg Clin ; 29(1): 47-58, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30454921

RESUMO

Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (TB), extensively drug-resistant TB, and TB-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) coinfection require a special approach in anti-TB treatment. Most patients cannot be successfully cured by conventional chemotherapy alone. They need a modern approach using minimally invasive therapeutic and surgical techniques. The novel approaches of collapse therapy techniques and minimally invasive osteoplastic thoracoplasty increase the effectiveness of complex anti-TB therapy. Achieving the required selective collapse of lung tissue in destructive pulmonary TB, especially in cases of drug resistance and/or HIV coinfection, leads to bacteriologic conversion, cavity closure, and successful cure.


Assuntos
Colapsoterapia/métodos , Toracoplastia/métodos , Tuberculose Pulmonar/cirurgia , Adulto , Antituberculosos/uso terapêutico , Tuberculose Extensivamente Resistente a Medicamentos/cirurgia , Tuberculose Extensivamente Resistente a Medicamentos/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/cirurgia , Masculino , Tuberculose Resistente a Múltiplos Medicamentos/cirurgia , Tuberculose Resistente a Múltiplos Medicamentos/terapia , Tuberculose Pulmonar/terapia
2.
Tuberculosis (Edinb) ; 101: 130-136, 2016 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27865382

RESUMO

Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) transplantation is an actively studied therapeutic approach used in regenerative medicine and in the field of control of immunoinflammatory response. Conditioning of MSC in culture can form their predominantly pro- or anti-inflammatory phenotypes. We demonstrated that poly(A:U)-conditioning of bone marrow-derived mouse MSC induced predominantly pro-inflammatory phenotype. The effects of administration of naïve MSC (nMSC) or conditioned MSC (cMSC) on the course of mycobacterial infection were studied. BALB/c mice infected i.p. with 5 × 106 M. bovis BCG were successively injected i.v. with 0.75 × 106 of nMSC or cMSC in 11 and 12.5 weeks after infection and sacrificed at the week 14. Histological and bacteriological examination of BCG-infected animals revealed low bacterial loads in liver, lungs and spleen; the bacterial load in spleen was higher than in other organs. Treatment with nMSC induced 3-fold increase of the number of bacteria in spleen granulomas, while cMSC decreased significantly the number of bacteria in BCG-positive granulomas. Analysis of preparations of organ homogenates by luminescent microscopy, MGIT cultures and CFU count on Lowenstein-Jensen medium revealed that nMSC promoted mycobacterial growth whereas cMSC suppressed mycobacterial growth significantly. We concluded that MSC therapy can be effective in mycobacterial infection, but only in a case of appropriate conditioning of the cells.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/métodos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/imunologia , Mycobacterium bovis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Tuberculose/prevenção & controle , Animais , Carga Bacteriana , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados , Citocinas/biossíntese , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/imunologia , Imunofenotipagem , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Mycobacterium bovis/isolamento & purificação , Polirribonucleotídeos/imunologia , Tuberculose/imunologia , Tuberculose/microbiologia
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